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Патент USA US2119641

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June 7,1938.
"
'
L. MARX‘
v-
2,119,641
TOY
Filed March 7, 1935
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
‘h
_
INVENTOR
LOUIS Marx
BY
(
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.
ATTORNEYS
June 7, 1938.
'
'
L. MARX
2,119,641
TOY
_
Filed March 7, 1935
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
I_NVIENTOR '
_
Louls Marx
BY
72
,
,
/
.
r
ATTORNEYS .>
,
2,119,641
Patented June 7, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,119,641
,
TOY
Louis Marx, New York, N. Y.
Application March 7, 1935, Serial No. 9,708
(Cl. 46-132)
17 Claims.
5
This invention relates to toys, and more par
ticularly to a climbing toy ?reman, especially one
combined with water hose and pump mechanism.
The primary object of my invention is to gen
cent section, so that the ladder when assembled
is effectively continuous. The lower end of the
erally improve toys of the climbing ?reman type.
ears 20 struck upwardly from the base. The lad
A more particular object is to combine ' with
such a toy an additional ?gure toy, for example,
a simulated infant, which may be positioned on
the ladder at an intermediate point and so related
10 to the ?reman during movement along the ladder
that the ?reman will carry the infant with him.
A further object of my invention is to enhance
the realism and play value of the toy by provid
ing the ?reman with a water hose connected to a
15 water supply source.
In accordance with still
another object and feature of my invention, the
water supply source is madein the form of a
?re hydrant, and a part of the hydrant is ma
nipulable to pump water from the hydrant
through the hose.
To the accomplishment of the foregoing and
other more detailed objects which will herein
after appear, my invention consists in the toy
elements and their relation one to the other, as
hereinafter are more particularly described in
the speci?cation and sought to be de?ned‘ in the
claims.
The speci?cation is accompanied by
drawings in which:
'
,
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a toy embodying
3O features of my invention;
'
Fig. 2 is a vertical section through the water
supply source, and 'is taken in the plane of the
line 2-2 of Fig. 1;
,
1
Fig. 3 is an enlarged partially sectioned'eleva
35
tion showing the construction of the toy ?reman;
and
-
Fig. 4 is a horizontal section taken in the plane
of the line 4-4 of Fig. 3.
Referring to the drawings and more particu
40 larly to Fig. 1, the toy comprises a ladder L, a
?reman F movable along the ladder, a ?gure toy
preferably in the form of a child C, a water
hose H carried by the ?reman,‘ and a water supply
source S preferably externally simulating a ?re
45
hydrant.
Considering the arrangement in greater detail,
the ladder L.is made of sheet metal pressed to
form poles l2 connected by rungs l4. As is best
shown in Fig. 4, the poles l2 are tubular in con
50
struction, thereby imparting sufficient rigidity to
the same and presenting a smooth exterior along
which the ?reman F is readily slidable. The lad
der may, if desired, be made in sections, in which
case the ends of one section are dimensioned to
ladder is mounted. on a base It by means of a
pin l8 extending through the ladder and held in
der is supported in elevated position by arms 22
preferably forming the ends of a’ single 'U-‘shaped
piece of wire the cross bar 24 of which is pivot.
ally mounted on base I6 by bearing lugs 26 rolled
upwardly from the base. The ends of arms 22 are 10
turned inwardly and ?t into a pair of holes 28'
punched through the poles of the ladder. Only
one of the holes 28 is visible in_ Fig. 1. Additional‘
pairs of holes 30 and 32 may be provided along
the poles of the ladder, and it will be evident that 15
the angle of the ladder may be changed by
spreading the arms 22 apart and permitting them
to enter another of the pairs of holes. It will also'
be understood that the ladder and support arms
may be folded down flat on the base for packing 20'
or
shipment.
‘
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1
The ?reman F is best shown in Fig. 3 and com
prises a body 34 carrying armsj36 which ‘extend
forwardly to the ladder L.
The ?reman is also ~
provided with legs 38 pivotally and reciprocab'ly 25
mounted on the body by means of a fulcrum spin
dle 40 passing through vertical slots 42 in the legs;
The upper ends of the legs. are projected within
the body to form extensions 44 respectively 0on1
nected to rotatable cranks 4B and 48. Cranks 46, 30
and 48 may be formed of a single piece of wire
and are oppositely disposed in order to move the legs'in alternation.
The cranks are rotated by '
an appropriate motor, and in the present case the
body of the ?reman is provided with a spring 35.
motor 50 the main spring of which is wound by a
key 52 and which drives a gear 54 meshing with a
a pinion 56 mounted on the crank shaft. It will
be understood that the spring motor and leg ex
tensions are housed within the body of the ?re 40
man so that only the lower parts of the legs are
visible.
v
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_
The operating speed of the motor may, if de
sired, be limited by appropriate governor mecha
nism. In the present case I employ a simple
train of step-up gearing terminating in an ec
centric 58 which is rotated at very high speed, ~
thereby tending to limit the motor speed. This
eccentric may also be used as part of appropriate’
control or stop mechanism for the motor, here’
exempli?ed bya, lever 60 pivoted. at 62 and having
a brake portion 64 dimensioned to be moved in
the path of rotation of eccentric 58, thus posi
tively arresting rotation of the. motor. 'When
lever‘ 60 is moved in slot 66 to its opposite. post
55 be snugly received within the ends of the adja- ,
2
,
e
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7
2,119,641
. tion, the brake 64 is moved out of the path of co
centric 758.
.
>
upwardly through hose H.
In the present case
the pump P, comprises a ?exible rubber ball I08»
.
The lower ends of legs 38 are provided with supported in the upper part of the casing by a
feet .68, andrthese are dimensioned to ?t freely I pedestal III]. Ball I08 is provided with valve
53 between the successive rungs. I4 of the ladder.’ nipples H2 and II 4; the valve in nipple I I2 be- 7' 5'
The throw of ‘cranks 46 and 48 is so dimensioned ing arranged for intake, and the valve in nipple ’
7 that while one foot rests on one rung of the lad
“.4 being arranged . for discharge. A short
der, the other foot is moved over the next higher
length of pipe II 6 is secured to nipple I I2and
rung of the ladder. ‘ In this manner the ?reman.
communicates with the body of water I06. The
end 92 of hose I-I passes through a projection H8 ,10
on the side wall. of the hydrant'and is connecte
10.,ascends the
ladder.
_
e
.
To stop the ?reman at the top of the ladder,
provide stops ‘I0. These stops I are preferably
to discharge nipple II 4.
' ’
made as indentations or- notches because it is a
The pump isioperated' by a depressible button
then readily possible to apply the ?reman to the
15 ladder over the upper or free end of the ladder.
The arms 36 of. the ?reman terminate in hands
‘I2 connected by a cross bar ‘I4 (Fig. 4). Lugs ‘I5
are turned inwardly to encompass the poles of
the ladder. The upper edges of cross bar 'I4_ are
20 tapered toward the poles. of _the ladder at ‘I8, and
the‘ arrangement and‘balancerof the toy is such.
that whenlcross bar .14 nears the top of ‘the lad
‘I20 which is reciprocably received in the top I22
of the casing. 'The button is normally held in 15
upward position by the ball I08, and its upward "
movement is limited by a flange I24. The man
ner in which the jump is operated by means of
the button is self-evident from inspection of Fig.
2. It may be observed that button I 29 is pref- 20
erably' so ‘shaped and ?nished as to simulate the
der, ‘the edges ‘18' enter ‘notches ‘I0 and arrest.
top
If of
desired,
a ?re hydrant."
additionalT" ornaments
I
may’- be
‘ 'added
'
continued
to the toy. In the present case base I 6. carries
movement‘.
'
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_
.
253 The ?gure toy C may take any of a variety
1 of forms and is here illustrated as an infant or
;child'.' It ‘is'provided with means adapting it to
be mounted on’ the ladder at an intermediate
point, and ‘in the present case a simple ‘hook 8!!
30‘ (Fig.3) is secured to the back of the toy and is
dimensioned to ?t over any one, of the ladder
a simulated lamp post and ?re alarm box I730, ‘25 w
and the mounting is preferably made detach
able, as by the use‘ ‘of; a foot I32 on the lamp"
post which is slidably received’ beneath a strap
I34'displaced upwardly from the base. This as
sembly is convenient for packing and shipping 30"
the‘toy.
'
.
rungs I4. 'I'he'hook 80 is widely open and his so. ' It is‘believed that the mode of constructing and
shaped that the toy is readily moved upwardly using, as well as the many advantages'of my'
off the rung and along the ladder. The child improved toy, will be'apparent from the fore-y
35»and the ?reman are provided with parts so en
going detailed description thereof. The climbing I 35'
gageable vthat #the' ?reman will carryv the child ?remanftoy‘is improved in construction, and'the
upwardly with him' while ascending the ladder. realism and play value of the toy are enhanced‘
In the present ‘case I; provide a rod 82 extend- _ by the’ simulated rescue of the infant and also by
sh ing ‘between arms 36 at such location as, to come the hose‘ equipment particularly in view of the
401m back of the legs'84 as of the child and to hear I actual discharge of water therefrom} “It will be 4o
beneath the thighs. In operation, the ?reman
I approaéhesythechildQas shown in solid lines in
understood that these additional features may
be'use-d 'singlyas well as‘ in combination? > For ex‘;
Fig; 1 of the drawings, and thereupon carries thef ample, the infant may beleft away} from the toy _
. child upwardly? to they top’ of the ladder,
is V when the hose is us'edfand, conversely, the hose“
453indicatedin broken lines. ~
may be freedrfrom"its'supportandfleft at one/45
The water hose H is preferably a slender?exie side‘ while the apparent rescue is beinge?ectedt ‘
ble‘rubber pipe or hose the upper or discharge , The hose and pump‘ma'y be-usedseparately. " '
’ >
_.
end of which is provided with an appropriate‘
It will be. apparent that while I have shown 7' ,
. e) nozzle w.'3Il,_and_ the lower ‘or inletehd >92 of which and‘ described my invention in preferred form,_
5011's connected to thegwater supplyrsource S. The
, nozzle end'is carried by the-?reman, and for this '
many changes and modi?cations'may be‘made in '50‘?
the structure‘dis‘closed without departing from
purpose
end 96 ofI ‘provide
‘which isasecured’
bent wire
to the
support
crossarm
94 the"I4
rear
of _' the spirit of the invention, de?ned inthelfollow- _‘1
ing
claims.
he
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1'17
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i
e
I claim:’ ‘
"‘
’
"
the ?reman, and the forward end of which is .
55*:bent to form an upright U-portion‘ 98 and an_
lf'A
climbing'u‘?gureltoy
comprising abladder,:"55;:
inverted _U-p0rtions I 00. The hose is supported; a simulatedv?rernan or other ?gure having-“a7
in ,U-portions 98. and I00, and isreadily applied _' body, arms extending frqm said body toward ‘said
to or removed from the holder. At the same '.
timethe holder directs the hose and, nozzle away I
60 :from'the ladder so‘that the. stream ,ofwater will _
ladder and slidable theréalong, legs'inovably
mounted near the: lower end of the body andv
having feet adapted :t'o'b'e‘ moved between the 60‘.
be directed toward ‘the building against which _ rungs ofe’the ladder, a ‘motor. in the body of‘ said _
the ladder is supposedto be leaning, .
?remannconnected tosaid legs, the resulting
'Water supply source. Spcomprisesa water-proof. ‘
,
movementgof the feet causing ,the ?reman to
container I 02 which is preferably generally cy-l ‘, climb upwardly on the ladder, and inwardly
65 lindrical in form and which may bedetachably
received in ,baseJB by placing the same in a
mating opening in the base, as isbest shown in .
Fig, 2.
A bead IM-may be, rolled outwardly‘ on
the wall ofjcontainer I02 tolimit the insertion
70 of the container in the base.
notchednstops formed onthe laddermnearvthe 55
upper-end thereof to stop the ?reman at thegtop. a
of therladder, ,saidstops forming no; obstruction.
to sliding of the ?remanpntathe ladder over__;
the :top end. thereof.
"2. A climbing
toycomprising allajddenj'm 1
vThe water supply source preferably simulates] a simulated ?reman’ or other ?gure slidable along M
a water hydrant, and the lower part of the simu-_ -, said ladder, a springlmotor insaid?reman caus-_._ ,
lated hydrant is used to carrya-supply of water 4. ing the ?reman to move. on the ladder,_ a ?gure;
I06, while the upper, part of the simulated bye toy provided with _means for-supporting the sameh _, __
75' drant carries a water pump P for pumping water ‘ on the ladder, and cooperating means on said 75”
2,1 19,641
?gure‘ top and on said ?reman, adapting said
?reman to carry the ?gure toy during'its move.
ment on the ladder.
1
3. A climbing ?reman toy comprising a ladder,
a simulated ?reman having a body, arms extend-V
ing from said body toward said ladder and slid
able therealong, legs movably mounted near the
lower end of the body, feet adapted to be moved
between the rungs of the ladder, a spring motor
in the body of said ?reman, and cranks rotated
by said motor and connected to said legs, the,
resulting movement of the feet causing the ?re
man to climb upwardly on the ladder, a ?gure
toy provided with means for supporting the same
at an intermediate point on the ladder, and co
operating means on said ?gure toy and on said
water supply connected to the, opposite end of the
hose.
.
'
8. A, toyv comprising in combination, a ?exible
rubber water hose having a nozzle at the dis—
charge end of said hose, and a source of water
supply connected to the opposite end of the hose,
said source comprising a water containing cas
ing simulating a?re hydrant, a pump concealed .
therein, said pump having suitable intake and
exhaust valves for positive pressure ejection of 10
water, and means to operate said pump includ
ing a reciproeable button projecting from the cas
ing and simulating a part of the ?re hydrant.
9. A to-y comprising in combination, a flexible
rubber water hose having a nozzle at the dis 15
charge end of said hose, and a source of Water‘
?reman, whereby said ?reman carries the ?gure
toy upwardly during his ascent on the ladder.
A. A climbing ?reman toy comprising a ladder,
supply connected to the opposite end of the hose,
said source comprising a water containing casing
simulating a ?re hydrant, a ?exible rubber ball,
a simulated ?reman having a body, arms extend
means supporting the same near the top of the 20
ing from said body toward said ladder and slid
casing, a valved intake pipe depending from
said ball to the bottom of the casing, a valved
able therealong, legs pivotally and slidably
mounted near the lower end of the body, leg ex
discharge pipe extending sidewardly from said
tensions projecting upwardly within the body,
ball to the lower end of the hose, and a‘vertically
feet adapted to be moved between the rungs of
the ladder, a spring motor in the body of said
?reman, and oppositely directed cranks rotated
by said motor and connected to said legs exten
sions within said body, the resulting movement
of the feet causing the ?reman to climb upward
ly on the ladder, a simulated infant provided
with means for supporting the same at an inter
mediate point on the ladder, and cooperating
reciprocable button projecting from the top of 25
the casing immediately above said ball and simu
latingthe top of the ?re hydrant.
10. A climbing ?reman toy comprising a lad
der, a simulated ?reman slidable therealong, a
spring motor in said ?reman causing the ?reman 30
to move on the ladder, a water hose, a nozzle at
the discharge end of said hose, means on said
?reman for receiving and holding the hose at the
?reman, whereby said ?reman carries the infant
nozzle, and a source of water supply connected
to the opposite end of the hose, Said source com 35
upwardly during his ascent on the ladder.
5. A climbing ?reman toy comprising a ladder,
a simulated ?reman slidable therealong, a spring
motor in said ?reman causing the ?reman to
prising a water containing casing simulating a
?re hydrant, and pump means for forcing the
water through the hose.
11. A climbing ?reman toy comprising a lad
means on said infant and on the arms of said
move on the ladder, a ?exible rubber water hose,
a nozzle at the discharge end of said hose, and
means on said ?reman for receiving and holding
the hose at the nozzle.
6. A climbing ?reman toy comprising a ladder,
a simulated fireman having a body, arms extend
ing from said body toward said ladder and slid
able therealong, legs movably mounted near the
lower end of the body, feet adapted to be moved
der, a simulated ?re-man having a body, arms ex
40
tending from said body toward said ladder and
slidable therealong, legs movably mounted near
the lower end of the body, feet adapted to be
moved between the rungs of the ladder, a spring
motor in the body of said ?reman, and cranks 45
rotated by said motor and connected to said legs,
the resulting movement of the feet causing the
?reman to move on the ladder, a water hose, a
between the rungs of the ladder, a' spring motor
nozzle at the discharge end of said hose, means
in the body of said ?reman, and cranks rotated . on said ?reman for receiving and holding the 50
by said motor and connected to said legs, the hose at the nozzle, and a source of water supply
resulting movement of the feet causing the ?re
connected to the opposite end of the hose, said'
source comprising a water containing casing
man to climb upwardly on the ladder, a ?exible
rubber water hose, a nozzle at the discharge end simulating a ?re hydrant, pump means in said
casing, and means to operate said pump including 55
of said hose, means on said ?reman for detach
ably receiving and holding the hose at the nozzle, a reciprocab'le button projecting from the casing
and simulating a part of the ?re hydrant.
and a source of water supply connected to the
opposite end of the hose.
'7. A climbing ?reman toy comprising a ladder,
60 a simulated ?reman having a body, arms extend
12. A climbing ?reman toy comprising a ladder,
a simulated ?reman having a body, arms ex
tending from said body toward said ladder and 60
ing from said body toward said ladder and slid
slidable therealong, legs pivotally and slidably
able therealong, legs pivotally and slidably
mounted near the lower end of the body, leg ex
mounted near the lower end of the body, leg ex
tensions projecting upwardly within the body,
tensions projecting upwardly within the body,
feet adapted to be moved between the rungs of
the ladder, a spring motor in the body of said 65
?reman, and‘ oppositely directed cranks rotated
by said motor and connected to said leg exten
sions within said body, the resulting movement
of the feet causing the ?reman to climb upwardly
on the ladder, a ?exible rubber water hose, a 70
nozzle at the discharge end'of said hose, means
on said ?reman for detachably receiving and
holding the hose at the nozzle, and a source of
65 feet adapted to be moved between the rungs of
the ladder, a spring motor in the body of said
?reman, ‘and oppositely directed cranks rotated
by said motor and connected to said leg exten
sions within said body, the resulting movement
70 of the feet causing the ?reman to climb ‘upward
ly on the ladder, a ?exible rubber water hose,
a nozzle at the discharge end of said hose, a bent
wire support on said ?reman for detachably re
ceiving and holding the hose near the nozzle in
75 a direction away from the ladder, and a source of
water supply connected to the opposite end of
the hose, said source comprising a water con
75
4
2,119,641.
vtaining'casing simulating a ?re hydrant, a ?ex
ible rubber ball, means supporting the same near
the top of the casing, a valved intake pipe de
pending from said ball to the bottom of the eas
ing, a valved discharge pipe extending sidewardly
from said'ball. to the lower end of the ?re hose,
and a vertically, reciprocable button projecting
end being so reduced in dimension as to'be re
ceived in the adjacent pole end whereby the poles .
?t together to form a smooth, continuous pole,
the lowermost ladder section being pivoted at ‘7
one part of the base, ‘the support being‘ pivoted
at another part of the base, the opposite 'end
of the support being'arranged to be detachably
from the top of the casing immediately above' ‘received by a part of the ?rst ladder ‘section in’
order to hold the ‘same in elevated position, the
said ball and simulatingthe top of the ?re hy
support and the bottom ladder section‘when ‘dis 10
drant.
,
’
a
>
_
'
'13. In a‘ climbing‘ ?gure toy in which a sim
I ulated ?gure climbs a ladder, alknock-down lad- '
connected being adapted to be foldedin col
lateral relation parallel to'the base.
7
,
'
,
16.'In a climbing'?gure toy in which a sim
derstructui‘e,comprising a base, ears projecting
'ulated ?gure climbs a ladder, a part of said ?gure
upwardly at one part of said base, a ladder hav
ing its lower end pivotally mounted on said ears,. sliding along the poles of the ladder, a sectional
a generally U-shaped wire support for holding
said ladder in elevated position,,the bottom part
knock-down ladder structure, said structure com
prising a plurality of ladder sections, each sec
tion being made of a single piece of sheet metal
'base at a point remote from the aforesaid pivotal ' stamped to form vertical strips connected by
transverse rungs, said vertical strips'being rolled a
20 mounting of the ladder, the open ends of the
-' support being bent to‘detachably ?t mating parts to form smooth cylindrical poles between which
' of the support being pivotally mounted on the
of the ladder, whereby the support and theladder
may be disconnected and folded in collateral rela
tion in the direction of the base when the top is
not in use;
,
'
,
,
extend the integrally formed rungs, the adjacent
ends of the poles of the sections being mated to
gether by means of a cylindrical’projecting part
of reduced diameter on one pole end dimensioned 25'
14. In a climb-ing figure toy in which aysim
to be received in the adjacent pole end, whereby ulated ?gure climbs a ladder, apart of said ?gure I the sections ?t together, to form smooth ,con-_
sliding along the poles of I the ladder, avsectional , tinuous poles of uniform diameter.
knock-down ladder structure, said ladder struc
30 ture comprising a'pllurality‘of sections each in
cluding poles connected by transverse rungs, the
adjacent ends of the poles‘ being arranged to fit
together, one, of said poles being provided with a
>
a
1'7. A climbing ?gure toy comprising a ladder,
a simulated ?gure havingv a body, arms extending, 30
from said body towards said ladder and slidable
therealong, legs movably mounted near, the-lower
end of the body and having feet adapted to be
projecting part of reduced size dimensioned to
moved between the rungs of the ladder, a motor "
be received in the end of the adjacent pole,
whereby'said poles ‘?t together to form- a smooth
in the body of the ?gure connected to said legs, 35
the resulting movement of the ‘feet causing the
?gure to climb upwardly on the ladder, and
continuous pole of uniform size.
'
'
15. In a climbing ?gure toy in which a‘sim
ulated ?gure climbs 'a ladder, a part of said ?gure
Qsliding along the poles of the ladder, a knock
down ladder structure’ comprising a base, a sec
means formed on, and localized at one part of
the ladder to stop the ?gure from continued up
ward climbing when the ?gure reaches said
40
tional ladder, and a support, said ladder includ
means, said means being so formed as to present
no obstruction to sliding of the ?gure downwardly" _
ing a pluralityof sections each having poles con
on the ladder over the said means.
nected by transverse rungs, the adjacent ends of
‘the poles being arranged to ?t together, one pole
LOUIS MARX. ~
45
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