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Патент USA US2119653

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June 7, 1938.
c. SQHMUTZER
, 2,119,653
CONTAINER LABELING MECHANISM
i-‘iled Dec. :51, 1936
2 sheets-sheet 1
INVENTOR
‘June 7', 1938.
2,119,653
c. SCHMUTZER
CONTAINER LABELING MECHANISM
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Filed Dec. 31, 1936
w
INVENTOR
BY
.
_
5
,
'
i
AT
RNEY
Patented June 7, 1938
, i UNETED
2,119,653 I
STATES
tartar otrlcr.
2,119,653
, >CONTAINER_LABELING MECHANISP/E
@harlcs Schmutzer, Irvingt-on, N. 3., assignorto
Ho?’man Beverage Company, Newark, N. 3., a
corporation of New Jersey
Application December 31, 1936, Serial No. 118,446
17 Claims. (Cl. 216—54)
This invention relates to container labeling
machines, and has particular reference to means
for stabilizing the movement of the label picker
in transferring ‘a label from the label magazine
5 to the container to be labeled, _
.
a
which maybe readily applied to existing labeling
machines without material change thereof, the‘
oscillating shaft is eliminated, so that the latter
ment, the'picker is splined on a shaft which is
acts merely as a guide along which the picker
splined connection between the picker and the
reciprocates, and a brace bar is positioned par- ‘
allel to the shaft as a second guide for the picker, “10
this brace bar being rigidly connected to the
label magazine and to and from the container,
the picker being alternately reciprocated between
shaft by end clamps operatively connected to the
the label magazine and the path of movement of
cam so that the shaft and ‘brace bar are oscil
the container by means of a second cam so that
the picker describes a generally U-shaped course,
viz: backwardly from the label magazine, from
which its gummed surface abstracts a label, across
lated as a unit by the rc'amrabou't the axis of the
shaft. ‘With this arrangement the leverage oft-115
theangular connection between'ethe shaft and
the picker is greatly increased by the difference
to_' the container-carrying table and forwardly
between the’ relatively short radial length‘of the
to lay the label on, the container where it is held
by a?nger .until applied. The picker is sus
pended from the oscillatingshaft and the spline
thereof is relied .on to impart the oscillating
movement to the picker. Because the spline
must afford free movement of the picker. along
the, oscillating shaft, there is a certain degree of
looseness in the spline which increases as the
spline wears, and-so, though the picker is light
in Weight, it vibrates as its direction of motion
former spline and the spacing vbetween the axis
_ changes during its U-shaped course of travel to
'30 a degree that frequently results in a continuous
and sustained chattering causing disarrangement
of the label thereon, both because of the jar of
7
H
In the preferred embodiment of the invention,
In a conventional form of labeling machine,
upon whichfthe present invention is an improve
oscillated about its longitudinal axis by acam to
advance'and retract the picker to and'from the
15
alignment of the labels on the containers because
of vibration.
the vibration and because of the air currents
induced by the vibration, resulting in misalign
35 ment of the label on the'container.
Also, excessive chattering of the picker be
cause of the aforementioned reasons, not infre
quently results in fouling-between the picker and
the label grip ?nger, which moves into engage~
40 ment with the label in the container as the picker
retracts after having laid the label.- These con‘
ditions become aggravated as the speed of the
labeling operation is increased, so that the ma
chine frequently cannot operate at a rate con-'
forming to other concomitant operations, such
as ?lling, sealing and the like,’ resulting in a
slowing down of an entire manufacturing process.
In accordance with the present invention,
50 means are provided'for stabilizing the move
ments of. the pick-er of a container labeling ma
chine of the form described, whereby vibration of
the picker due to the aforementioned causes is
minimized, permitting operation of the labeling
55 machine at high speed without liability of mis
of the shaft and the brace bar.
7
(‘20
‘It willl'be seen that with the arrangement of
‘thekpre'sent invention, a ?rm, positive connection
between thev picker and its actuating support is
‘providede'which is :devoid ‘of loosenes's, such as
that required in the spline between picker and >25
the shaft in the former arrangement to permit
free movement of the picker,v whereby’ a ?rm,
positive movement‘ is imparted to the picker
throughout its U-shaped‘ course oftravel, re
gardless’of the speed at which it is moved Within “30
the speed capacity of the labeling machine.
>
‘ In a more complete understanding of the in
vention reference may be had to the accompany
ing drawings, in which:
'
'
Figure 1 is a side elevation of a label picker v35
mechanism embodying the stabilizing means of
this invention;
'
‘
'
Figure 2 is .a rear elevation thereof;
Figure 3 is a frontelevation thereof;
Figure‘ 4 is ‘an enlarged section through the ‘40
oscillating shaft and guide bar, as seen along the
line ¢l'-;-4 of. Fig. 3;
a
Figure 51s a similar section as seen along the
line 5—5 of Figure 3; and
>
>
V
Figure .6 is a fragmentary plan view of the '45
labeling machine equipped with the stabilized
picker of this invention.
"
.
Referring to Fig. 6 of the drawings, numeral
I 8 designates the rotating table of a'conventional
form of a container labeling machine particu- '
larly' arranged to label bottles such as beverage
bottles. By. mechanism which is well understood
and therefore not described herein, the bottles B
are placed on the table H1 and held in posi-
7
tion by a cam-operated clamp H which descends '“55
2,119,653
and engages the cap of ‘the bottle to hold it ?rmly
on the table II]. Positioned adjacent the rotat
ing table I Oils a body lab'el magazine I2 with
which a picker, generally’ designated I3, co
portion of bar 26 between a ?xed collar 41 and
an inside sliding collar 48 for bu?ing the move
ment of the picker slide 36 on the bar 2|] at its
opposite ends of travel as it _is oscillated along
operates to transfer gummed body labels, one‘ by
the shaft I6 and bar 26 by means of lever,4I as _
the latter is moved by cam 45.
v
, one, into the path of the movementv of. the
bottles B. The picker is bifurcated and the
bottle passes through the space between the arms
of the picker to abstract the ‘label spanning this
10 space. A cam-actuated label-holding i?nger I4
moves into engagement ‘with the label as the
' picker moves away after. having laid the label on
the surface of the bottle. The labels are then
adhered to the surface of the bottle by suitable
15 label-wipingmeananot shown. Also positioned
. adjacent the table II] may be a neck label maga
zine I 2’ with which cooperates a similar picker I3’
in the manner described;
_
In operation, the movements imparted to the .
picker slide 3|) in oscillation about the axis of
shaft I6 and in reciprocation along shaft I6 and
bar 20 are {synchronized by cams 28 and 45 in
such a way that the picker I3, including the two‘
arms 36, is moved against the outermost label
in the body label magazine,” after the plates 31
have been gummed in the usual way by the gum
roller, not shown. The label adheres to the picker
plates 3'! and is ‘extracted from the magazine I2.
15
The rearward movement of the, picker I3, caused V
by the tilting of the shaft I6 and bar 20 by cam
on a frame I5 extending over the rotating table
28, is followed by the longitudinal movement of
the picker slide 30 along the shaft I6 and bar 26 20
I!) as indicated particularly'in Figs. 1, 2 and 3.
by the action of cam 45.
‘The pickers I3 and I3’ are suitably supported
‘
The label is thus placed over the table II] in
I6, which, according to'the present invention has the path of the advancing bottle B, so that as the
picker I3 advances with the bottle due to the ac
' ' secured to its opposite ends, by means of keys I1
tion of the‘ cam 28 to complete the U-shaped‘
25 and clamping bolts I8, a pair of end clamps I9.
Rigidly secured between the free ends of end course of the picker, the label is laid on the bottle,
'clamps I9 is a bar 20 preferably rectangular in 13 and'at once the label holding ?nger I4- moves
cross-section and provided with a longitudinal into engagement with the label to hold it in place
on the bottle in accordance with the’ usual op
i lightening groove 2 I; The shaft I6 and bar 20
eration
of the machine; Cam 28 then reverses
are
accordingly
secured
together
in
fixed
spaced
Y 30
relation and may move as a unit about the axis of the movement of the picker I3,and cam 45 re
Journalled in the frame I5 is a horizontal shaft
the shaft I6-as the latter oscillates.
V
'
' The left hand end clamp I9 as seen-in Fig. 3
a is provided with a lateral extension 2I to which.
135 is pivoted'the link 22 adjustable as to length by
the turn buckle 23 and pivoted at its lower end
to the free endof the bell crank 24suitably jour
nalled on the frame of the machine at 25. The
opposite end of the bell crank 24 is ?tted with
' a roller 26 running in the groove 2‘Iof the cam
so
turns thelatter along the bar 20 and-shaft I6 to '
its position opposite the label magazine I2, where- 7
upon cam 28ragain comes into ‘action to move
the picker I3 into engagement with’ the label ‘35
stack in magazine I2 to‘ repeat the cycle of op
erationrjust described.
v
<_
'
It will be observed that, though the center of
oscillation of the picker I3 is about the axis of the
shaft I6, the leverage securing this ‘movement .40
extends from the center line of shaft I6 to the bar
20, a considerable distance as isrshown in Fig. 5.
in synchronism with the remaining parts of the Because of this considerable leverage the move_
labeling machine.‘ By means of this cam'21 the vmerit of the picker I3 is ?rm and positive. Also,
shaft I6 and'bar 26 are oscillated about the axis 7 the adjustment of the bushings 3| on the bar 20
28 mounted on shaft 29 and'rotated'byfthe same
,means which drivesthe machine so that it rotates’
$14.5
of shaft I6.
7
Slidably mountedrjointly on the shaft I6 and
A the bar 20 is the picker slide 30. As shown partic
ularly in Fig. 5, bushings 3| areinterposed be
tween the slide 30 and the bar 20 andare ad-_
justable by means of set screws 32 to‘ secure a
> free running ?t between the picker slide 30 and
.55
the bar 20 without looseness. ,Formed on the
picker slide 30 is a downwardly-extending double
arm bracket 33, to' thetwo'arms of which are
secured by means of bolts 34 and keys 35 the two '
arms 36 of the picker I3, which arejspaced apart
and shaped to accommodate the bottle B between
affords a minimum clearance consistent with a P45
free running ?t,.so that there is no looseness to
cause vibration of the picker I3.
Thus, even at high operating speeds, the move
ment of the picker is smooth, ?rm, and positive,
and the chattering of the picker that ‘takes place
in the former machines is entirely eliminated’.
Accordingly there is nordisarrangement of the
label on the picker and consequently no misé
alignment of the label on the bottle due to vibra
tion or to air drafts induced by vibration or
chattering. Because there is no‘chattering of
the picker, it cannot furl the label holding ?nger
‘ them. The picker arms 36 are fitted with picker
I4 which moves up within the range of any large
.60 {plates 31 and/or 38, the former'being for the
vibration of the picker as the latter lays the label
body label B1. and the latter for the neck label
NL, both indicated in Fig. 3. The picker arms 36
' are preferably provided with both bodyrlabel and
neck label plates 3‘I'and 38 so as to be inter
.65 changeable for body label and neck ‘label service.
.507
on thebottle.
>
;
'
The neck label picker I3’ cooperating withithe
neck label magazine I2’ is also provided with the
brace bar arrangement and its operation is pre: .
cisely the same save only that the neck labels N1. ~65
The picker slidey30 is provided with a lateral
extension 39 having a’ socket in its rear surface
are positioned on the neck label plates 38 of the‘ "
into which is loosely ?tted'a pin 40 mounted on
as the bottle moves relatively between the two
arms 36 of the neck label picker I3’.
the ‘free end of the reciprocating cam arm 4|,
which is pivoted at its lower'end at 42 on the
framer'of the machine and is provided interme
diate its ends with 'a 'roller 43 moving in the
' groove 44of cam 45 secured to shaft 29, as shown
particularly in Figs. 1 and >2. Buffer springs 46
'aremounted on’ the opposite ends of the circular
picker for application to'the neck of the bottles
Although the picker stabilizing mechanism of
76
this invention has been illustrated and described '
in connection with a particular form of con
tainer labeling mechanism, it is to be understood
that it is applicable with equal facility to other
container labeling machines and the like.
2,119,653
I claim:
-
1. In a label picker mechanism having a picker
reciprocating laterally along an oscillating shaft,
the Combination of means for stabilizing the
movement of the picker including a guide sub
:10
jointly oscillating said" guides about the longi
therewith, and a connection between said picker
tudinal axis of one of them, a slide on said‘ guides
and said guide, whereby the picker reciprocates
jointly along said shaft and guide.
?xedly carrying said picker for oscillation with
said guides, and means for reciprocating said
slide along said guides during said oscillation of‘ .170
2. In a label picker mechanism having a picker
the combination of means for stabilizing the
movement of the picker including a guide rigidly
secured in parallel spaced relation to said shaft
and oscillating therewith, and a slide on the shaft
rigidly connected to said picker whereby the
picker reciprocates jointly along said shaft and
guide.
3.' In a label picker mechanism having a picker
20 reciprocating laterally along an oscillating shaft,
the combination of means for stabilizing the
movement of the picker including a guide rigidly
secured in substantially parallel spaced relation
to said shaft and oscillating therewith, a mem
25 ber movable along said guide, and rigid connec
tions between said picker and said member,
whereby the picker reciprocates jointly along
said shaft and guide.
4. In a label picker mechanism having a picker
30 reciprocating laterally along an oscillating shaft,
the combination of means for stabilizing the
movement of the picker including members spaced
longitudinally of the shaft and oscillating there
with, a guide carried by said members in sub
35 stantially parallel spaced relation to said shaft,
and an extension on the picker engaging said
guide for movement therealong as the picker
reciprocates.
5. In a label picker mechanism having a picker
40 reciprocating laterally along an oscillating shaft,
the combination of means for stabilizing the
movement of the picker including members rigidly
secured to the shaft adjacent its ends for oscil
latio-n therewith, a guide rigidly secured to said
45 members in substantially parallel spaced relation
to said shaft and oscillating therewith, and a
rigid extension on said picker engaging said guide
for movement therealong as the picker recipro
cates.
.
6. In a label picker mechanism having a picker
reciprocating laterally along an oscillating shaft,
the combination of means for stabilizing the
55
movement of the picker including members rigid—
ly secured in spaced relation longitudinally of
said shaft, a guide carried thereby and extending
in substantially parallel spaced relation to said
shaft, a slide thereon, and a rigid connection be
tween said picker and said slide.
60
9. In a labeling machine having a label picker,
the combination of a support, a pair of substan
tially parallel spaced guides thereon, means for ‘
stantially parallel to said shaft and oscillating
reciprocating laterally along an oscillating shaft,
50
rocating said slide along said guides during "said
oscillation of said guides, slide, and‘ picker.
7. In a labeling machine having a label picker, 7
the combination of a support, a pair of substan
tially parallel spaced guides thereon, means for
said guides, slide, and picker.
10. In a labeling machine having a label pick
er, the combination of a support, an elongated
guide thereon, spaced members pivoted about an
axis substantially parallel to said guideya second 15'
guide carried by said members in substantially
parallel spaced relation to said ?rst guide, means
for oscillating said members and said second
guide about said’ axis, a slide on said guides car
rying said picker, and means for moving said 20
slide along said guides as the latter oscillate about
said axis.
,
11. In a labeling machine having a label picker,
the combination of a support, an elongated guide '
thereon, a second elongated guide supported for 25.
parallel movement about the longitudinal axis of
said ?rst guide, a slide on said ?rst guide having
a lateral extension embracing said second guide,
means for oscillating said second guide about said
axis, means for reciprocating said slide along said 30
guides, and means for adjusting the degree of
contact between said slide and said second guide.
12. In a labeling machine having a label picker,
the combination of a support, an elongated guide
thereon, a second elongated guide supported for
parallel movement about the longitudinal axis of
said ?rst guide, a slide on said ?rst guide having
a lateral extension embracing said second guide,
means for oscillating said second guide about said
axis, means for reciprocating said slide along said 40
guides, and an adjustable bushing between said
extension and said second guide.
13. In a labeling machine having a label picker,
the combination of a support, an elongated guide
thereon, spaced members pivoted about the longi-_ 45
tudinal axis of said guide, a second elongated
guide carried by said members in substantially
parallel spaced relation to said first guide, means
for oscillating said members and second guide
about said axis, a slide on said guides carrying 50
said picker, and means for reciprocating said
slide along said guides as the picker oscillates
about said axis.
14. In a labeling machine having a label picker,
the combination of a support, an'elongated guide 55
thereon, spaced members secured to said guide,
said guide and members being pivoted on the
support, a second guide secured to said members .
in rigid spaced, substantially parallel relation
with respect to said ?rst guide, means for oscil
60
lating said members and guides about said pivot,
a slide. on said guides carrying the picker, and ,
jointly oscillating said guides about an axis sub
stantially parallel thereto, a slide on said guides
65 ?xedly carrying said picker for oscillation with
said guides, and means for reciprocating said
means for reciprocating said slide along said
guides as the picker oscillates.
15. Ina labeling machine having a label picker, 65
slide along said guides during said oscillation of
said guides, slide, and picker.
thereon, a slide carrying the picker movable along
said shaft, means for reciprocating said slide
along said shaft, end clamps'secured to said
shaft, a guide bar rigidly secured to said end 70
8. In a labeling machine having a label picker,
70 the combination of a support,.a pair of substan
tially parallel spaced guides thereon, means for
jointly oscillating one of said guides about the
,
‘
the combination of a support, a shaft journalled
clamps in spaced substantially parallel relation
to said shaft,'an extension on said slide embrac—
longitudinal axis of the other guide, a slide on ‘ ing said guide bar, and means for oscillating said
said guides ?xedly carrying said picker for os
shaft, end clamps, guide bar, slide and picker
about the axis of‘said shaft.
75 cillation with said guides, and means for recip
;
52,119,653
1'7. In a labeling machine having a label picker,v Y
the combination of a'rsupport, a‘ shaft jourrialled. the‘combination of a support, a shaft journalled
thereon, a slide carrying the picker movable along _ the'reon,'a slide carrying the picker movable along
said shaft, means for reciprocating said slide
' said shaft, ’means for ‘reciprocating vsaid slide
‘ 16. ln'alabeling machine'ha'ving a’labelpicker,
‘along said shaft, end'clamps secured to said shaft,’v
a: guide bar rigidly secured to said end clamps in
:spaced ‘substantially ‘1 parallel relation to said
shaft,-an extension on' said slide embracing said
along'said shaft, end clamps secured to said shaft, {5
a guide bar rigidly secured to said end clamps in
spaced substantially parallel relation to said
shaft, an extension on ‘said slide embracing said
‘guide bar, means for oscillating 'said shaft, end 7 guide bar, means for oscillating said shaft,‘ end ‘i '
.10 clamps, guide bar, slide and picker about the
clamps, guide bar, slide and picker about the axis {:10
axis of said shaft, .an elongated bushing, inter
posed between said slide extension and said guide
of said shaft,and buffer'means at the ends of said 1
bar, and means for adjusting the bushing to vary
tremities of its reciprocating movement.
the degree of tightness between the slide and said
a guide bar.
-7
It
guide bar for engagement ‘by said slide at the ex
CHARLES SCHMUTZER’.‘
5135 '
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