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Патент USA US2119655

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June 7, 1938.
lw. B. sToUT
» 2,119,555
Filed Aug.'19, 1936
' ¿sheets-sheet .1_4
läíZZz‘dlfzf .5. S?azdî
June 7, 1938.
w. B. -sTouT
2,119,655 l
i Filed Aug. 19, 1936
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
M'Zlz'dm ,E 5Zoll?.
. June 7, 1938.
-\}v.-B. sToUT
2,1 19,655 Y
v Filed’Aug. 19, 19:56
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
JuneY, 1938.
w,- BQ s'rouT l
2, l l 9,655
Filed Aug. 19„ 1936
4 Sheets-Sheed 4
Patented June 7, 1938
‘ -2’119’555
, .
. BUS BODY coNs'rRUcTróN
William B. Stout, Detroit, Mich., assigner to' Gar'
Wood Industries, Inc., a corporation-of, Michi
y Application August 19, 193s, semi No. sassi »
z'claims. .(01. 29e-2s)
This invention relates to automotive vehicle structed and arranged as to inherently provide
body constructions.. More particularly it relates.
to a novel and improved form of vehicle body
construction primarily' adapted for use as a bus
for carryinga relatively large ‘number of passen
recesses fo'r the mounting -of the wheels of the
vehicle and which are suiliciently widely spaced.
apart to provide a well or recess at the rear end
of Still
the further
vehicle the
for present
a driving
It is a primary object of the present invention
to provide a bus body construction which is _rela
the provision of a bus body construction in which
the steel frames are a permanent integral part
tively cheap in construction, easily fabricated, and
whichv is extremely light in weight in comparison
making _possible greater strength and rigidityv 10
to the strength characteristics of the body »as a
of the structure as a whole.
‘ y
of a unitary> body and chassis structure, thus
Yet -another object of the' present invention »
i'lif'he pêreseáit
ptro-l- tion
in the provision of a bus body construc
a uS 0
00mm' Slng a u
al“ S 6e
comprising a plurality of sheet metal‘mem
ÍV S 0n 0
frameWOI‘k t0 Which Sheet metal sheathing Panels
bers secured directly to a tubular steel framework. vl5
are lîecurecildand whicëi togîtheì‘ With thâ frameá sheet
'I'he framework
is of lsuch construction that the
W01’ DI'OV eS au .6X Teme y S IODE all fugge
metal anels rovidin the surface coverin
construction vwhichis extremely light in weight
of the `vehi§1e as pa whois, not only serve tg
and aÍTOI‘dS a maximum 0f available Space ïnte-
strengthen and> reinforce the framework co_n-
riorly of the body.
struction. but are of such configuration that `they ~20
prfäëîïârtîhâ tf1?ìrà'âï’ïäntii’ää°îfîïgï§äìïê
r _ fabm'aœd and v. @Memento
of the body as a whole, after fabrication, consti-
cullëany çoîhë? and further objects’ ¿,ldmntß‘dgesl
tutos a unitary substantially integral Structure
including both the body framework and the chas-
and features of the present invention will become
dem“,> apparent from the following specificmp 25
sis of the vehicle as a' Single unit’
tion when considered in connection with the ac
.It is an object of the present invention to pro-`
vide a bus body in which a maximum seating
companymg drawings forming a part thereof~
In the drawings:
‘S1 gbîaäedf
Wmchta ’äla'tively
0W Ver ca e g
e o y cons ’.‘uc on as a
assembled bus embodying the improvements of .30
Fig. l-is a perspective view of a completely
irrîigelailäìple headroom throughout portions of the
Fig. 2 @an enlarged perspective View of the.
whole is provided, yet at the same time Aprovid- ~ the present-invention;
The present invention contemplates the provi- busifhowrëán
1 with âhî stìlâatïmï aind âtìleiï .
“s ra e n - e» a
sion of a framework comprising a pair oftruss-
à? Èons
~ support
frames which serve to
the passen-
tary body_ and»
chassls frame;
> 1
ger carrying seat frames within the vehicle.
Thes trusslike frameworks are interconnected by
transversely extending brace members wh'ich con-
Fig‘ 3 1s a' side-elevatwnal View’ Withportmns.,
exploded to ’Show-a' manner~1n which umtary as'
sombuves may .be Securediogether to make the '40 `
like, longitudinally extending relatively spacedÄ
e-reo remove.
e ramework consçructwn composing the unif
5 ‘
nect the frameworks at points substantially lower
body ano chassis framework of the bos booy?
than the upper surfaces thereof, thus providing
an aisle down' the middle of the bus which is dis-
S an .lo Y on ,
posed on a level considerably lower than the iioor
inf detail the oross'seotional oonoguratîon 0f' the '
‘Q_FÍÍ: ‘îlls o'tëî'lnsì’iorso‘soîtioëlìëVïogYfiîíî‘kìn
o no '- o
gn f
us To ng
level of the framework -on which the seat frames _ framework andthe manner in which the m‘zmfl‘ooos'45"'A
are mounted.
'I‘his construction is particularly ' are Secured'together t0 DI‘OYide‘fa IfeinfQ?Ced ¿0n
adaptable for use in vehicles of the type disclosed
in the present application inasmuch as it makes
. '
" ’
Fig'.5 iS an enlarged'fragmentary'sectional view, >; '
headroom available in the aisle of the bus where ¿ taken Substantially Oil the’ _111,11€ 5_*5‘ `Óf Fi'g- 4, Í '
such headroom is partlc'ulany needed; `
illustrating .in detail thema'rmer in which ,a ~5o-`A`
Still further the present invention contem-~ Spring mOu-Dting bracket fmay be`S¢CuIfed t0 ’the'ï
plates the provision of al bus construction in
which the bodythereof includes a pair of long'i--
tudln'ally' extending' trusslike framework mem-
bers, which framework .members are so con- '
' ¿
" „Í
fFig. 6 is- a front elevational 'view of the bus y
body with'the sheathing removed, 'illustrating'in"
detail the'construction and'a’rrxamgeme'nt- of tubu- ßg'iï-Y
` members Il
lar members making up the‘body construction at
is joined to its respective longitudi
nally extending frame member I3 by means of a
plurality of _transversely extending brace memFig. 'l is a fragmentaryinterior perspective view bers I_i which are preferably bent atA obtuse angles
of the framework for one of the‘seats, illustrating ` in order to' provide a rounded configuration at
in detail the manner in which this seat framework the lower peripheral edge of the b_ody construc
the front end thereof;
-is secured to the floor and sides of the `bus in
vorder to_ reinforce the construction thereof ;
Fig. 8 is .a diagrammatic interior floor plan of
tion and to provide the necessary offset- result
the improved bus `body illustrating in;v detail thel
aisle construction 'and arrangement of seats lin-teriorly of the body:
ing from the difference in level on which the -
disposed. The forward
ends of the longitudinally extending members II'
arev interconnected by a substantially U-shaped
tubular member 20 which extends around and
. members.> III and i3 are
Fig. 9 is a diagrammatic sectional view, taken" - dennes‘the front marginal edge portion- of the .
substantially on the line 9_9 fof» Fig. 8,V »illustrate . body. A. suitable arcuately extending tubular. '
ing in detail the relative levels of the interior -member 2l may be secured to the forward por A15 .
- `
15 floor structure of the bus body;
tion of the brace member 2B and spaced down
Fig. l0 is a rear elevational view of the busbody wardly therefrom by means of suitable vertically
and chassis framework, illustrating in detail the extending support members zz; This front end 7
construction of the tubular frame-members which construction may be reinforced additionally by
serve to define thevwell. for mounting the motor; ‘ means of transversely extending members 23 and 20>
2l joined to the arcuate members 2li and 22, re
_'Fig. il is a fragmentary> perspective view simi-K' spectively,
to provide a reinforced bumper con-„
lar to Fig. '7, illustrating in detail amodii‘ied form ‘ struction at the front end of the body forwardly
of seat construction and the modi?ed manner in -of the wheel housing structures hereinafter de
which the same is mounted interiorly of the bus scribed. This front end construction not only 25
25 body construction.
serves to provide areinforced body construction
With more particular reference to the draw
forwardly of the wheels, but also serves to provide
ings, it will be seen ¿that the framework struc- _ substantially rigid means for linterconnecting the
ture for the bus body comprises a plurality of hol
longitudinally extending truss frame formed b! low steel tubular.. members welded together to the members III, il and i3, together with their 30
respective cross braces. 'I‘hese longitudinally ex
framework. The 'specific detailed vmanner in ' tending truss frames formed by the longitudinally
which these tubular members are disposed and extending members l0, Il and i3, together with
-‘secured together is shown as merely illustrative their interconnecting. braces, are connected at*
'of oneparticularly satisfactory type of frame
suitable spaced intervals throughout their length
by horizontal’transversely extending tubular
construction, and it will be clearly apparent to
35A --those
skilled in -the art that substantial modifica
brace members '25 which are permanently se
tion and departurestherefrom may be made, at
‘the same time retaining the generic inventive
cured to the longitudinally extending members Il. . _ '
It will be seen that suitable flooring. not shown,
may be utilized for covering the truss frames and
_spirit of the present inventionvas hereinafter
pointed out in greater detail.'
The framework making up the- body ‘construe-_
that this ñooring will extend between the outside
longitudinal member lll and the inside longi
tudinal member Il and will be suitably -sup
ported at intermediate points by means ofthe
transversely extending braces I2. Further floor-v
, tion includes a `pair of longitudinally extending
- tubular members l0 which extend throughout.
»the length of the seating portion of the bus and
serve to define the outer and lower marginal
' edges of the body construction;
ing, not shown, may be supported on the trans
versely extending brace members 25 and it will
be seen that the flooring in the longitudinal cen
tral portion ofthe bus body will be disposed at
Spaced inwardly '
from these outer’longitudi'nal tubularr members
are a_ pair of longitudinally extending tubular
frame members Il which are adapted, aswill
hereinafter be seen, to define each of -the lateral
50 edges of a sunken aisle portion of the bus.- .The
longitudinal members ill and I I. on the respec
a substantially lower level than the 4flooring on
either side of this aisle. The bracing vstructure
may be conveniently modified adjacent the for
ward end of one of the truss frames in order that
flooring may be disposed upon substantially the
tive sides of the bus framework are .intercon
nected by means of transversely extending brace
membersV l2 which serve to maintain the longi
tudinaly members in substantially uniformly
level of the aisle flooring to provide an entry way
for the bus at the'forward end thereof on one’
side only. >Such structure may be easily and con
spaced relation throughout their length. Spaced
veniently provided without material sacriñce _in Y
av substantial distance below each of the longi
tudinally extending tubular frame‘members il strength.
It is particularly desirable that the body as a
be constructed inl such va manner that its
which4 runs substantially the entire longitudinal `whole
overall height will be reduced to the maximuml
length of the bus as'completely assembled and possible yet -‘at the same time retaining adequate
is., joined to its respective frame member Il by. road clearance. Consequently, it is necessary to
means of suitable vertically extending tubular provide a somewhat modified structure in, order
members il. While it will of course be appre
65.. "ciated
that the manner Iin which the` various. to accommodate the 'rear wheels of the vehicle.
In order to provide housings for these wheels, an
tubular members making up the framework are
additional longitudinally extending member 3l is
joined isk not materialto .the present invention, 'it disposed above the member il in spaced relation
has 'been found
thereto adjacent the region of the rear wheel
these members together in order that a per-.-. housings of the' bus body. This longitudinally ex
' manent and strong »joint -will be obtained there-. . tending member is spaced. with vrespect to _the
between and result in the formation of asub
longitudinally extending member III by means of
stantially integral and extremely rugged ñnal suitable
vertical tubular members Il and is trans
connected‘vby means of suitable cross
`Each of‘ìthe` longitudinally .extendingframe
braces 32 with a corresponding longitudinally ex
tending member 33 'disposed directly above the
the bus body. ' Suitable frame members 55 may
ing braces 34. The' longitudinally -extending
forward- end o_f the busv body asa whole.
be joined together to provide 'a frontend con
longitudinally extending members I I '.
struction having the desired exterior'conilgura
bers 33 may be permanently secured to
the ad- '
tion and to' define windshield openings 55 at the
jacent members II by means' of vertically extend
members 33 are preferably transversely intercon- ' " The roof and side walls of lthefbus body- include
nected across the aisle by means of suitable hori
zontally extending braces 36 which serve to _pro
10 vide, together with the* transversely extending
members 32, support for flooring on a level sub
a plurality oi' longitudinally extending tubular
frame members 56 which are joined together by
means of rounded transversely extending `brace
members 51 at suitable intervals throughout the 10y
length of the vehicle. The lowermost of the lon
stantially above the level oi' the aisle supported
25 and slightly above
the level of" gitudinally extending- frame members 58 is dis
posed at a height suñiciently far above the longi
the ñoorin‘g supported by the longitudinally ex
15 tending
tudinally extendingframe member I0 in order
truss i’rame.
by the braces
It will be appreciated by reference to the draw
ings that this structure provides for a ,floor level
interiorly of the bus suñlciently high to provide
20 clearance 'for pairs of rear wheels 38 which are
to be mounted in these wheel housings. 'I'he 1on
gitudlnally extending tubúlarìmembers II may
that it will lie substantially on the level desired 15
for the base frame of vehicle seats to be mounted
interiorly of the vehicle body.
' ' »Y
'I’he seats to be mounted interiorly of the body
preferably comprise a generally rectangular base
frame >formed of suitable tubular members 60. 20
be continuedv substantially rearwardly by means ' which are connected at their ends _to this lower
most longitudinally extending frame member 56.
Th’ese members 60 are interconnected at “their
therewith and spaced therebelow rearwardly ex
inner ends by means of a longitudinally extend
tending 'tubular members. 43 which are intercon
ing brace 6I, which brace' 6I. is supported upon
nected therewith by means'of vertically extend'
-of tubular members 42l which have connected
and directly above the‘longitudinally«extending
ing spaced members 44. It will be apparent by frame
member II by
means of suitable
legs 62. .'
reference to Fig. 10 that the tubular members 40
inner end
extending truss frames formed by the members _ yupon the members 60 and 6I and aft its outer'end
42. 43 and 44, and that these truss frames are to- the next uppermost’ longitudinally extending 30'
` spaced substantially from each other to provide frame member 56 above the lowermost lmember ,
56 described below.
a well or recess> at the rear portion of the bus and
to .provide a frameworkA for mounting- a motor
35 power
unit therein.`
, Y
The particular type of bus body illustrated in
the present application‘is primarily designed for
use in_connection with a rear mounted motive,
rpower unit. It will be understood'that the spe-'
ci?lc embodiment of the invention illustrated in
From the foregoing, it will be readily appreci
ated that the seat frame members provide a rigid
interconnection between the lowermost pair of 35
longitudinally extending frame members 56 and
the truss frames, which, as has been explained
above, extend longitudinally of the vehicle ony
eithervof the lateral sides thereof.
the drawings is primarily intended for use with , In the modified form of the invention illus 40
a motive power unit which is not only located in ' tratedA in Fig. 1l of the drawings, `it will be appre
the rear of the bus body as a whole but is located ci'atedÍthat theseat structure shown therein may
at a point substantially rearwardly of the rear be removably-mounted in the bus body if desired.
axle of the body and consequently the drive from In this form of the invention, a substantially rec
the motor is forward from the _motor tothe tangular seat base frame 66 is provided which is
differential disposed between the rear wheels. removably secured by means of a pair of bolts 61
'I'he provision of this rear vwell in the bus bodyÁ to the lowermost longitudinally extending side
frame member 56. 'I'he inner end of this rec
construction provides a convenient means for re
movably mountingthe motive power unit therein. tangular frame member66 may be supported by
Further, it will be appreciated that the' bus body - means oi'A a. 'pair of legs 68, which may conven 50
as a whole comprises a .p'air of - longitudinally iently be bolted at their lower ends to the longi
extending _truss frameworks, which are each pro-> tudinally extending frame member I I .of the truss
vided with housings adapted to‘receive the front framework. , The seat yback "frames 69 may be
wheels and ladditional housings adapted to receive,
substantially identical in construction with that
the rear wheels. 'I'he space between' these 1on
described in connection with the seat construc
the rear portion of the vehicle, ‘serves to provide
a plurality of upwardly and forwardly extending
brace members 'I0 which may conveniently beiI
gitudinally extending-trusslike frameworks forms, tion shown in Fig. 7 except that, instead of being
in the passenger compartment of the vehicle, a ' permanently secured at its outer end to the lon
sunken aisle between the frameworks in order. to s gitudinally _extending frame member 56; itmay be
conveniently bolted thereto, as shown.
provide additional headroom in the central por
The body construction at the rear portion of 60
tion of the bus body. 'I‘he space between these
_longitudinally extending trusslike frameworks, at ' the bus is clearly _seen in Fig. 10 and includes
a well or recess for mounting _of the motive power
joined at their forward ends to the rearwardlyi
The forward portion of the bus body includes -extending 'frame members 56> by means o'f suit- -'
a plurality of rearwardly sloped tubular members ' able tubular connecting brace members 1 I _' Addi
50 which are joined at`their lower forward ends tional bracing ‘frame members 'I5 may intercon- „
to the inner and upper sides of lthe Atrusslike nect these members to provide a reinforced struc
frameworks and serve to define the’cowl or front ture having the desired exterior configuration for
portion of the bus. The rearwardly sloped frame the rear portion of the bus and at the same time 70A
members 50 may be interconnected by means of defining generally a well or recess at/tlïrrear
thereof between the longitudinally extending
suitable brace members 5I, which serve to .sup
port a plate 52 providing means for conveniently truss frames' to provide a convenient place for
mounting a spare .wheel in the front portion of
mounting the motor, as hasv been described above.
The rear bracing frame of the body may be
__ 2,119,655
’ order .to provide access to the spare tire mounting .
conveniently connected to the rearwardly extend
ing/longitudinal member 5S by suitable tubular
in the front portion of the vehicle. If desired.
a door 98 may be mounted in the rear portion of
the vehicle in order to provide access to the' ln
braces 16.
By reference to Figs. 8 and 9 of the drawings.
it will be seen that the bus body thus formed is _
terior of the bus at this point:
It will be appreciated from the foregoing that l .
generally streamline in shape and includes a
sunken aisle 8° extending down the central por
while only one specific 'embodiment and con
struction of the bus has been illustrated and lcle-y '
tion of the interior thereof. The rear portion of
the aisle 88 i's raised to provide a floor level- 8l,
which is not only substantially above the floor
10 level of the main portion of the aisle 80, but is
also above the floor level of the portions `of .the
interior of the bus 82 disposed upon each of the
'lateral sides of the aisle. This provides arear
scribed, many other and further modifications
wheel housing construction which provides ample
works,'each of said frameworks including at least
room for relative` movement ofthe rear wheels,
three longitudinally extending members disposed
axle and differential with respect to the body of
the vehicle. It will be seen that al plurality of
seats 8_3 may be conveniently mounted on either
in substantially parallel relation, vertically» ex
tending members interconnecting a pair of said
side of the aisle and that one of the truss frames
catinv with the aisle portion 80 in order to permit
' access to the interior of the bus on the floor level
further be readily appre-
of the aisle 8E.' Itl will
ciated that the sunken central aisle construction
25' shown provides convenient means for access to
the >interior portion of the bus and that the roof
that ample
' thereof may be sufficiently- low so
thereof falling within the scope of the invention
as denned in the subjoined claims will be clearly _
apparent to those skilled in the art.
I claim as my invention:
1. 'A bus body frame construction comprising a
pair of longitudinally extending truss-like frame
longitudinal members, upper sets of more than 12o
two transversely extending members serving to
interconnect said longitudinally extending mem
bers, corresponding lower sets of transverse
ly extending members serving further to inter
' connect said longitudinally extending members, 25
all of said members -in each framework being
welded together to Vprovide a rigid unitary struc
_- ture, said frameworks being disposed in substan
headroom is available for a passenger who' is
tially spaced parallel relation, braceV members
interconnecting said frameworks and disposed in ò
standing in the aisle and at~the same time ample _
30 headroom is available for passengers seated in the
the same general plane-as said lower set of trans
'seats‘_83, while ample headroom is not necessarily
who should perhaps be
' available for passengers
supporting structure located between said frame
standing upon the floor portions on either side of
' 35' the aisle construction.
. As illustrated in Fig. 5, the transversely extend
ingbase members` Hand
11 .
l5 serve to provide con- .
versely extending members to provide an aisle ì
works, 'and additional longitudinally extending
members secured to said frameworks at the rear 35
thereof whereby to provide means for mounting a
motor therebetween.
l v
2. A bus body frame construction comprising a
venient means for supporting a bracket 90 whichA pair of longitudinally extending truss-like frame
may conveniently support a shackle 9| for sup
works, each of said frameworks including at least
porting one end -of a spring 92 for mounting the lthree longitudinally extending members disposed
rear wheels of the vehicle. This illustration in substantially parallel relation, vertically ex
amply shows the particularly easy manner in tending members interconnecting a pair of said
which the framework construction disclosed in ` longitudinal members, upper sets of more than
this application lendsitself to the mounting `of two transversely extending members serving to
the various essential portions of the vehicle with interconnect said longitudinally extending mem
bers, corresponding lower sets of transversely ex--'
respect thereto.
After completion, the framework has been tending members serving further to interconnect
welded to. provide a substantially integral, rela
said longitudinally extending members, all of said
tively rigid construction. All joints of mating members in each framework being welded to
gether to provide a rigid unitary structure, said
portions of the framework have been welded to
gether, thus providing a rigid reinforced frame.
frameworks being vdisposed in substantially spaced
Suitable sheathing 93 of sheet metal may be parallel relation, brace members interconnecting
utilized for the purpose of covering the exterior ¿ said frameworks and disposed in the same gen
surface of the framework thus provided. This eral plane as said lower set vof transversely ex
sheathing» may be welded or bolted directly to the tending members to provide an aisle supporting
structnre'located between said frameworks, wall
5_54 tubular `members making up the framework and
_, serves together therewith to materially strengthen frames anchored to and extending upwardly from
the outboard side of said frameworks, and seat
'the frame as a whole.
The bus body in its completed form may in
frames anchored to both said wall frames and»
clude a plurality _of windows 95 around the sides _ said frameworks whereby to reinforce the joints
thereof and windshield openings 96 at the for
ward ends. The sheathing may be interrupted to
` provide for a hingedly mounted trap door“ in
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