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Патент USA US2119813

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June 1, 1938- '_
Original Filed May is, 1936
2,119,813- I
Patented June 7, 1938
PATENT’ orrlcs j
’ ~‘
~ Walter L. ‘Keefer, Hagerstown, Md., assignorilto.
Pangborn Corporation, Hagerstown, Md., a
corporation of Maryland
Original application May 13, 1936, Serial No.’
79.559. Divided and this application April 6,
1938, Serial No. 200,521
11 Claims.
' (Cl. 51-9)
This invention relates to abrading apparatus
and more particularly to mechanical apparatus
for propelling abrasives at abrading velocities.
Abrasive throwing wheels having bladed rotors
5 have been known in the art for many years, and
althoughthey are now going into rather wide use
Further objects of the invention will become
apparent as the speci?cation proceeds in con
nection with the annexed drawing, and from the
appended claims.
In the drawing:
Figure 1 is a side elevational view of an abrasive
they are open to the objectionthat valuable time propelling rotor equipped with the blade assembly
is lost changing blades. The blades of abrasive of this ~invention, with parts thereof broken away
propelling rotors _must be made removable, so in order to more clearly illustrate the structure
10 that they may be replaced when they have worn
Figure 2 is a view looking at the wheel of Figure
out, and yet must be held so securely that [they
will resist the tremendous centrifugal force 1 from the right-hand end of that figure, with
. parts broken away for clarityof illustration.
exerted when the wheel is operating.
Figure 3 is an enlarged fragmental sectional
The centrifugal abrading machines in use today
' ‘are. open to the further‘ disadvantage that the view illustrating the manner in which the blades
blades wear out rapidly, which entails high. cooperate with their locking screws.
Figure 4 is an isometric view of one of the
‘maintenance costs. The blades would have a
reasonable life if the wear occurred uniformly blades of the invention.
With continued reference to the drawing.
throughout the width of their propelling sur
faces, but it has been found that through casting wherein like reference characters have been em
or other inaccuracies, substantially all of the ployed'to designate like parts throughout the
abrasive admitted to each blade will take a course several views thereof, the rotor ‘is designated at
R, and it is rigidly secured to a shaft l0. Shaft
in a localized stream thereover when the blades
are ?rst placed in use, and as time goes on the ‘I0 is mounted for rotation in any desired bear
25 bladeswill be deeply worn in this particular ing assembly (not shown) and rotor R carries a
region with the result that all of the abrasive plurality of abrasive propelling blades B. Blades
B terminate short of. the center of the rotor to
traversing the blade will take this course, pro
de?ne-a central abrasive admitting space in which
ducing rapid break-down of the blade.
It is a primary object of this invention to pro= an abrasive feeding‘ device F is supported for
vide an abrading machine blade assembly that feeding a stream 'of- abrasive over the inner ends
involved. »
‘ securely holds the blades in place and yet permits
them to be removed and replaced in a minimum
of time.
vIt is a further important object of the in
35 ventionto provide a novel blade assembly for
abrading machines‘ that will hold all of the blades‘
securely in place while the machine is operating,
will permit easy and rapid removaland replace
ment of theblades when they wear out and which
40 will also permit the blades to be removed and
replaced in the machine in a diiferent relation
ship to present different surfaces to the abrasive
when certain of their surfaces have become worn.
'A further object is to provide,.in an abrading
machine having a bladed rotor for propelling the
abrasive, a novel blade‘ mounting assembly which
will securely hold the blades in place and will not
work loose during operation of the machine, and
of blades B.
Afurther object is to refine and improve cer
tain detailed features of centrifugal, abrading
. machines, and this application constitutes a. divi-‘
sion of my co-pending applicationserial No.
79,559, died May 13, 1936.
The feed device will-be presently described, and
it e?ectsdirectional discharge of the abrasive
thrown from the wheel, but it is to be understood
that insofar as the blades and blade mounting 35
are concerned, the invention is not limited to a
particular feeding device but maybe applied to
any type of‘ abrading'machine. For instance.
feeding device F may assume the form of a pipe
or a- chute for dumping the abrasive into the
central space and e?ecting a three hundred and
sixty degree discharge of the abrasive. Also.
blades B have been shown as four in number, but
it is to be understood that vthe invention is ap
plicable to rotors having more or less than four 45
Secured to- the face of rotor R, by a. plurality
of counter-sunk screws'l I, are four symmetrically
which will permit the blades to be quickly and‘ arranged plates l2. The radial edges of plates
50 easily removed from the rotor.
I2 are'provided with bevelled faces 13, and the
adjacent edges of each pair of plates define a
dove-tail groove H, as seen in Figure-1.
Blades B are provided with correspondingly
dove-tail shaped bases .to fit in grooves‘ II, and
have inclined faces I; cooperating‘with walls I!
of plates | 2. The inclined faces I‘ of blades B
2| when they are turned home it is unnecessary '
merge into abrasive propelling vsurfaces it pro {to take any particular precaution in installing
vided on each side of the blade. As seen in Figure the blades because screws I! are thus automati- 1, inclined faces I! merge with plates l2 in-a cally stopped in approximately proper position
region spaced from their propelling surfaces It, and will assume proper position when the wheel
with the result “that the abrasive moving out
is started.
wardly over surfaces I6 is maintained out of
As seen in the drawing, when the screws are
abrading contact with plates l2, which are per turned home a clearance exists between their
manent parts of the machine. The free edges of shoulders and the parts of blades B de?ning re
blades B are each provided'with a ?ange or ridge cesses 2|.
ii to confine the outwardly moving abrasive to _ - Although a particular form of locking 8586!!!!
bly has been illustrated, it is to be understood
'Ihe blades are accordingly mounted for guided ~ that other forms of locking devices, which them
movement toward and away from the axis of the
selves are locked by the blades, may be used
rotor, and although grooves‘ ll, which constitute
without departingjrom the spirit of this inven 15
tion. For instance, instead of using screws‘ it,
simple pins, having formations at their ends for
interlocking engagement with the blades when
the guideways, are shown r s being disposed sub
stantially radially, it is to be understood that they‘
may be inclined vforwardly or rearwardly with
respect to the direction of rotation if desired with- . the latter are slid outwardly, may be used if de
'20 out departing from the spirit of the invention.
The means employed’ for restraining blades B
against outward movement preferably takes the
form of a screw l8, threaded into rotor R adja
cent the outer end of each guideway ll. Each
screw it is provided with a hex head I! which
projects into a recess 2| in the base of each blade
B and cooperates with a wall 22~thereof to posi-y
tively arrest outward movement 'of' the blades.
The ?at sides of head I! provide a large gear
sired. Moreover, hex head I! may be made with
more or less than six sides if desired. For in
stance, square headed screws may be used if de
- Referring now to Figure 4, each blade B is pro- '
vided with two recesses 2| in ‘its base and it is
therefore symmetrical in form. The base of the
blade ‘also may or may not be cored out, as at >
24. With the wheel rotating in the direction in
dicated in Figure 2, the abrasive is picked up by
30 ing surface for wall 22 and also prevent screws and discharged from the counter-clockwise sur
II from working loose in operation.
faces I‘ of blades B. By reason of the symmet
Referring to Figures 2 and 3, wall 22 and its rical design of blades B it is possible’ to remove
opposite wall are spaced apart. a distance which the blades when they have become partially worn
is greater than the greatest diameter of hex heads and reverse them end-for-end and thereby bring
II, with the result that blades B can he slipped a newpropelling surface into cooperation with the 85
into place in grooves It and screws II turned ' abrasive. The worn surface is accordingly placed
up until they assume the position shown in Fig.- Y on the clockwise side of each blade. when the
ure 3.
Blades B may then be pulled outwardly - new surface has become worn the blades are of
until their walls 22 abut one of the flat sides of
course discarded.‘
hex heads I! as seen in Figure 3, or they may
If an uncored blade is employed, it is to be un-‘ 44)
derstood that a single recess 2|, located mid-way "' *
between the ends of the blade, may be used. Also,
be left in their inner positions because when
'- the rotor is started centrifugal force will bring
them into cooperating relationship to screws ii.
The inherent friction present between blades 13
two screws It may be employed to hold‘ each_
blade of the present invention in place, but it
and their guides may be relied upon to restrain has been found‘ that one screw is adequate, and 45
' them against inward movement when the rotor is - v the term “a screw” or “a securing device" as em
subsequently stopped, but if desired, spring
ployed in the appended claims is intended to
means, taking the form of a split resilient ring,
encircling feed device F and engaging the inner
50 ends of‘the blades, may be used to positively hold
embrace the use of one or more, screws It or
them in engagement with screws l8.
Although screws it may be provided with any
suitable formation to permit them to be turned
home with a wrench, they are preferably inter
nally formed with a hex socket 23 in order that
the screws may be so ‘dimensioned as to lie flush
with the rear surface of rotor R when they are
turned home. It isnot necessary to turn screws
l2 into a ?nal position where a flat side of hex
head i9 will be disposed in parallelism with wall
their equivalents.
As seen in Figure 1, feeding device F comprises
a cylindrical member 26 having an abrasive dis
charge opening 21 and a plurality of external
teeth having faces 29 and 3|. Cylindrical mem
_ber,26 is supported for adjustable rocking move
ment about the axis of the rotor upon a support
S. Cylindrical member 28 is provided with a pair
of studs 33, which project through a pair of arm-
ately-shaped openings 24 provided in support S.
A pair of nuts 35 are threaded on studs 32 and
are operable to clamp feed device ,F to support 60
22 of recess 2| because the forces set up by rota
S in any desired adjusted position, for varyingv
tion of the wheel-will cause the blades to work the direction of discharge from the wheel.
support 8 is provided with a spout portion 21 '
screws it into the relationship vshown in_-Figures
2 and 3. Screws it are preferably designed. through which the abrasive may be admitted to
r however, so that the faces vof socket}! and hex I the wheel and the abrasive fed through the spout
head I9 are disposed in registry, as seen in Fig
in the particular wheel shown is introduced into
ure 3, with the result that the relationship of the the center of a hollow impeller fully disclosed
surfaces of hex head I! to wall 22 of blade B and claimed in my aforesaid co-pending appli
may be determined by merely glancing at socket cation, and in which the. feature of providing the
23. Also, if a wrench of the type shownin dotted feed chamber F with teeth having surface 29 and 70~
lines in Figure, 3 is used, the relationship of the 2| is also more fully described and claimed. parts will-be~ directly indicated by the position
Although it is preferable to employ the blade
of the wrench handle.
If, however, the heads of screws II are so di
76 mensioned as to seat in the bottoms of‘ recesses
assembly with a rotor having but a single disc '
to which plates l2 are secured,__the invention is
clearly applicable to. rotors having two discs as
2,119,813 ‘V ' v
the guideway and/or the blade locking assembly,
‘may be duplicated on each disc. ,
The invention may be embodied in other spe
ci?c forms; without departing from the spirit or
essential characteristics thereof. The present
embodiment is thereforeto be considered in all
respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the
the diameter of said portion of said locking mem- _
Scope of the invention being indicated by the ap
pended claims rather than by the foregoing de
scription, and all .changes which, come within
the meaning and range of equivalency of‘ the
’ 7. In anl abradingmachine, a rotor mounted
for rotation, an abrasive propelling blade oper
ably associated with said rotor and having a. Y
propelling surface facing forwardly with respect
to the direction of rotation and a propelling sur
face facing rearwardly with respect to the direc- '
tion of rotation, said first-named propelling sur
face being operable to pick-up the abrasive and‘ 10
discharge it at an ‘abrading velocity, said blade
claims are therefore intended to be embraced
being substantially symmetrical and having
means‘ associated. therewith for selectively securw
ing it to said rotor with said ?rst-named or said
What is claimed and desired to be secured by
United States Letters Patent is:
'second-named- propelling surface facing for 15
,1. For use in an abrading machine, a rotor’ wardly with'respect to the direction of rotation,
having at least one guide means provided thereon, whereby said blade may be reversed when one of
an abrasivepropelling blade mounted in said ' its propelling surfaces has become worn‘ to a. pre
guide means, an elongated member extending
20 through said rotor and having a locking portion
which is movable 'into the path of a surface of
said blade when said member is rotated about its
axis, said locking portion of said member being
soshapedthat when said blade surface is engaged
determined degree..
- 8. The rotor construction described in claim '1 20
wherein said means for securing said ‘blade to _
said rotor is operable to cooperate with a single
side edge of,. and support said blade upon said
rotor with‘ either of said propelling surfaces fac
therewith said member cannot be rotated about ' ing forwardly, said blade being reversible end
its axis and is thereby maintained in looking for-end when it is changed to present a different
propelling surface to the abrasive.‘
- 9. For ‘use in an abrading machine having a
2. For use in an abrading machine, a rotor
having at least one outwardly extending guideway ' bladed abrasive propelling rotor, an abrasive pro
provided thereon, an abrasive propelling blade‘ pelling blade of elongated generally flat config
mounted for sliding movement in said'guideway, uration, said blade having anabrasive propelling
said blade having at least one outwardly facing surface on each side-thereof,‘ and having a base
abutment wall provided thereon, alocking mem ' portion formed along one of its side edges for
ber threaded into said rotor and movable‘ into securing'it to'a" rotor, said blade having a. ?ange
formed along the other of its side edges, for con-'
the path of movement‘ of said blade for restrain
ing the same against outward movement in re
?ning abrasive to bothof said abrasive propelling ,
sponse to centrifugal force, said locking member surfaces.
‘ having a portion adapted for interlocking engage
' 10. The blade constru'dtion described in claim 9, .
wherein said base portion is provided with at least
one recess facing away from the side edge of said
locking member against turning movement when blade and providing a pair of walls spacedv apart
‘ said rotor is in operation.
in a direction parallel to the major axis of the
ment with ‘said abutment wall of said-blade,
40 whereby said blade is operable to restrain said
» '3. The rotor construction described in claim ' blade. ’
2 wherein the said portion of said locking member
' 11. For use in an abrading machine, a rotor '
.45 is provided with ?at sides which cooperate with
having at least one outwardly extending guldeway
provided thereon, an abrasive propelling blade
4. The rotor construction described in claim 2, . mounted for sliding movement in said "guideway
wherein the said locking portion of said locking and having an abutment face, and means sup
member is provided with flat sides for cooperation ported by said rotor and operable to engage said‘
abutment face and restrain said blade against re
50 with the abutment wall of said blade, and wherein
the other end of said locking member is provided moval from said guideway when it is disposed in
with means for indicating the position of the ?at a locking position, and to allow said blade to be
sides thereof.
removed when it is disposed in a release position,
5.’ The rotor construction described in claim 2, ' - said abutment face and said locking means being
55 wherein said locking member comprises a screw ‘so shaped that when they are engaged said 55
having at one end a ?at sided head whose greatest ' locking means cannot be moved into non-locking
diameter is less than that of the body of the screw, position, whereby said blade is operable to main
tain said means .in. blade locking position when ’ '
and at the other end an internal wrench receiv
said rotor is in operation, s'aid guideways com
6. The rotor construction described in claim 2, > prising a pair of substantial radial outwardly ex
wherein said blade is provided with aninwardly tending ‘surfaces between which said blade is
the abutment wall of said blade.
ing socket.
facing abutment wall located outwardly of said ' disposed, and wherein said '- locking means is
outwardlyfacing abutment wall for cooperation
with ‘said locking member to prevent inward
65 movement of said blade, said abutment walls be
ing spaced apart a distance at least as great as
carried by said rotor and disposed between said
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