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Патент USA US2119892

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June 7,1938.
_
H, c, SNOW
_
2,119,892
Filed Jan. 17, 1936 ‘
:s Sheet's-Sheet 1
‘HEADLIGHT STRUCTURE
~
a
7 ' “76,720 72707:
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June 7, 1938.
H. c. SNOW
HEADLIGHT STRUCTIURE
‘Filed Jan. 17, 1936
2,119,892
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
June v7, 1938..
H. c. SNOW
‘
,
2,119,892
HEADLIGHT STRUCTURE
Filed Jan-(.17, 193s
‘ 3 Sheets-Sheet s.
‘2,119,892
Patented June‘ 7, 938 l
' UNITED STATES
PATENT‘ lorries
2.11am
I
I
nnsnucn'r s'raUc'rUan
Herbert ‘0. Snow; Auburn, Ind., assignor to An
burn Automobile. Company,v Auburn, 11111., a
corporation of Indiana
Application January 17; 1930, Serial No. 59,533
10 Claims. (clam-1.1)
‘
The present invention. relates generally to
headlight structures. ‘More particularly the in
vention relates to that type of headlight struc
ture which is used in connection with an .auto
I mobile and comprises (1) a pair of pockets which
are positioned under the front fenders of the
automobile and register _with openings in’ such
fenders; and (2) a pair of electric lamps which
are associated with the pockets and are mounted
I‘ so that during daytime use of the automobile
they may be swung from an operative position
outside of the'ipockets into an inoperative posi
the United States, No. 2,084,120, granted May
15, 1937, to Harold T. Ames.
'
Other objects of the invention and the various
advantages and characteristics of the present '
headlight structure will be apparent from a‘ con- 5;
sideration of the following detailed description.
The invention consists in the several novel
features which are hereinafter set forth and are
more particularly defined by claims at the con-v
clusion hereof.
.
_
_
ml
I
tion wherein they are disposed wholly within the
In the drawings which accompany and form
a part of this speci?cation or disclosure and in
which like numerals of references denote corre
pockets and-do not offer resistance to the air
sponding parts throughout the several views: -
. or accumulate dust or dirt on' the lenses thereof.
Figure 1 is a fragmentary plan view of :an ‘auto- 15'
One object of the invention’ is to provide a
mobile having a-headlight structure embodying
headlight structure _of this type iniwhich the the invention, one of the lamps ‘of the ‘structure’
lamps are mounted in a novel manner and are
being shown in its operative or open position and
individually controlled or ‘operated by means of
a pair of cranks which are located onthe dash
the other lamp of the structure being shown in
its inoperative or- closed .position within the ‘g0
pocket with which it is associated;
Figure'2 is a side elevational view of the auto
board of the automobile.
_
~
_
Another object of the invention is to provide
a headlight structure of the type and character
under consideration which embodies novel and
simple: means whereby the lamps may be ad
justed horizontally one with respect to the other
in order'to bring the columns of light emanating
therefrom into parallelism. ' -
Another object of the invention is to provide
3,0 a headlight structure of the aforementioned char
acter which embodies adjustable stops for pre
mobile,‘ parts being broken away and 'shownin
. section for illustrative purposes‘;
_ ~
,
. ,
- Figure 3 is aside view ofone'of the dash
board-mounted cranks for ‘controlling or manipe
ulating the lamps of the structure;
Figure 4 is a vertical longitudinal sectional
view of one of the lamps showing the same in its
operative or open position;
_
‘
_
- '
30
_Figure __5 is a similar sectional view showing
venting the lamps from‘ being swung pastv their
the lamp of Figure 4 in its inoperative position ,
proper operative'position.
within the pocket therefor;
‘
-
,
.
,
- -
_Another object of the invention ,is to provide
Figure 6 is a horizontal sectionalvview'on the ' ‘
3‘ a headlight structure of the type and-character line6—6of Figure 4; and
' ."
15
heretofore mentioned in which the lamps embody
Figure ‘l is a vertical section on the‘ line 'I-‘Iv
plates for closing the fender ‘openings when the
lamps are in their inoperative position‘ within
of Figured.
The headlight
_
l-
_
-
..
which forms-the sub
the packets and also embody adjustable stop‘ Ject -matter of the: ‘invention-l :18 designed and’
meahs for preventing the lamps from being swung adapted _for use inic’onnectio'n
an automobile 40’
past or beyond their inoperative position where; A. ‘.lTheflatter, as shown in Figures land 12, is of
in' the plates thereof close the fender openings. ,
standard or conventional design and comprises
A‘ still- further object of the invention is to ‘a ‘body b and 'a" chassis c. ' The chassis under
lies ‘and'sup'pbrtg the body and has a pair of
. provide a headlight-structure of the type under
“ consideration in which the pockets have cover
‘dirigible wheels 10 at the front-end thereof. ‘Inc “I
'b comprises a hood h for the engine, of the
' - whereby any dirt or foreign matter which so
automobile and‘ a pair-of fenders l_ and I1 ‘for the‘
‘ cumulates within the pockets while ‘the lamps ,are _i'ront- wheels roof _thefchassiah'l'he two store'-v
in their operative position may readily be‘ re-' mentioned fenders
at opposite sides of '
the front end‘ or the. neutrino-each consists or 50 1
' closed holes in the bottom-portions vthereof-
‘
moved.
-
~
'
'
Another object of the inventionis to provide a ‘
an inner and an outer
together with a 1 - .
headlight structure which is both novel in design . front‘ wall and a top wall between the two side i '
and eillcient in operation and is an improvement
55 upon that which is shown in Letters Patent of
walls. a The ‘irontvwalls of the fenders I and}!1 '
are curved transversely as well as longitudinally u’
2,119,892
and leads into the pocket through the plug ll
thereof and overhang the front portions of the
dirigible wheels. ‘‘
and is attached to the socket 32. The shell 22
.
is formed of sheet metal and sm'rounds the re
?ector, as shown in the drawings. The lens 24
I The headlight structure comprises a pair of
electric lamps 8 and 9. The latter are located
at the front end of the automobile A and operate
when current is supplied thereto to-direct for
wardly beams, of light for piu'poses of illumina
is positioned directly in front of the re?ector
and is secured to the margin of the latter and
also to the shell 22 by means of the ring 25.
The plate 26 overhangs and is spaced from the
re?ector and corresponds in size and shape‘ to
the opening l2. It is curved conformably to the 10
tion. The lamp .8_ is associated with the fender f
and is hinged-or mounted as hereinafter de
10 scribed so that it may be swung downwards from
- an operative position at the front part of the
portion of thefender ,1‘ ‘around the opening i2
and serves as a cover for the opening when the
fender]. into an inoperative position wherein
it is disposed within a pocket ill on the under
aided the fender. The lamp 9 is associated with
15 thecfender l1 and is hinged or mounted similarly '
to the lamp 8 so that it may be swung from an
ope ative position at the front of the fender fl
"into an inoperative position wherein it is dis
posed ‘within a pocket H on the underside of‘
pocket III is positioned over
20 thefender .11.
the front portion of the s'ubjacent- wheel w and
is protected at the sides thereof by the inner
and outer side walls of the fender f. It regis
ters with an opening l2 in the upper portion of
the front wall of the fender I and consists of a
top section I2 and a bottom section l4. The top
section II is formed of sheet metal and embodies
an inwardly extending top ?ange l5and an out
wardly extending bottom ?ange I‘. The open
lamp 8 is. in its inoperative or closed position
in the pocket l0. By curving the plate in this
manner the lamp when in its inoperative posi
is
tion within the ‘pocket l0 offers substantially, no
resistance to the‘ air encountered during for
ward drive of_ the automobile. As shown in the
drawings, the plate 26 has what may be termed
a depending top ?ange “hand what may be 20
termed a pair of depending side‘ ?anges 24?.
The top ?ange .26‘ overlies the top portion of Y
the‘ shell 22 and is secured to the latter by means '
of a screw 24. The side ?anges 26b lap the side
portions of the shell 22 and together with the .25
plate 26 and the top ?ange 26' and also the
top and side portions of the shell 22 serve: to
enclose the upper portion of the re?ector when 1
_ the lamp is in its operativeor open position (see
ing I2 is irregularly shaped, as shown in the
drawings, and the, portion of the front wall of
Figure 4).‘ When the lamp is in this position
the lens 24 ~extends upwardly-from the bottom‘ ‘
portion of the opening I2. in the fender land
the, plate 26 extends downwards and real-wards
upper pocket section I! and interlocks with said from the ‘top of the shell 22 and projects -past
the upper portion of the opening l2 into the top
35 ?ange in such manner that the‘ top section of the part of the pocket ll. When the lamp is in its
pocket is fixedly or rigidly secured in place be-_
operative position it is positioned be
neath the top portion of the'front wall of the aforesaid
fender’ I. The bottom section i4 of the pocket is neath the top portion' of the fender and hence
cup-shaped. It is formed'of sheet metal and offers but a small amount of- resistance to the air
embodies
an out-turned ?ange l‘l. The latter encountered during drive of‘ the automobile.
40
'underlies and corresponds in shape to the ?ange When the lamp is in its inoperative position
the pocket the lens 24 faces downwards
l4 oi the top section l2 and is connected to the within
and
is
positionedin the bottom portion of the
latter by means of bolts ll. A- hole I! is formed
‘in the bottom portion of the bottom section l4 pocket (see Figure 5) and the plate" closes com
‘ pletely the opening i2. The plate 24 is attached
45 and permits dirt and foreign matter‘ which passes
the fender I which defines the opening is doubled
back so that it underlies the ?ange ii of the
through the opening I2 and accumulates in the
pocket to be removed or cleaned from the pocket.
This hole I! is normally closed by a sheet metal
cover 24 which is removably secured to the hole
defining portion of the bottom section by means
3,5,
.
to
'
45
or ?xed to the side portions of the shell 22 by a ‘ -
means of a horizontally extending, bar-like mem
ber 35. __This member is attached by means of
screws 35 to ‘a pair of bosses 21 on the central
portion of the {inner face of the plate 2‘. The
50 of bolts 2|. when the latter are removed from _ end portions of the member 25 extend at right‘
angles to the central portion of said member and
the bottom section l4 of the pocket the cover 20 are
positioned within and directly opposite to ~
may be removed from said section l4 so as to
provide access to theinterior of the pocket by the 'side portions ‘of the shell 22. As shown in
~Figure 6, screws 38 are carried by the end por 6.5.
.
55 way of the hole".
of the bar-like member 35 and extend
The electric lamp 8 consists of a shell 22, a tions
through slots" in the side portions of the shell
re?ector 22,» a lens 24, a connecting ring 25, ‘and, of
the lamp 8. These screws together with the
-_ a plate 24. The re?ector is of the parabolic
member
35 serve to connect. or attach-the plate '
variety and is provided with a bright light bulb
to the‘ shell of the lamp. '
'
'
21 and adim light bulb 28. The bright light v 26The
mounting wherebythe lamp 2 is 'pivotally
bulb is mounted in a socket 29 at the center of , supported so-that it may be swung from its op
the re?ector and is supplied with electric current
by way of a conductor 20 which'is connected to erative position into its closed position ‘within the
receive current from the storage battery‘ of’ the -' pocket and vice versa comprises a horizontally
automobile, extends through a plug 2| in the extending shaft 40 and a pair of bearing brackets 65.
upperportion'of the bottom section l4 of the 4! for. the shaft, and also comprises a pair of ele
pocket, and-is attached to the socket 29. The
dim light bulb" is .used when the automobile is’
being driven at night over\ a well illuminated
ments 42 and 43 which are rotatable with the '
shaft. The shaft 40 is located in the upper 'por- 7
tion of the pocket Ill andis positioned between
the central portion of the re?ector 22 andthe 70
roadway or for parking purposes, as well under
in the art. It is ‘positioned beneath the‘ cover 26 of the lamp 8. The bearing brackets 4|
bright light bulb 21 and is mounted in a socket ‘ are anchored to the top portion of the bottom
22. An electric conductor 22 serves to supply ' section l4 of the pocket l0 and are L-shaped in
current‘ to the'bulb 24. This conductor is at
design. They extend downwardly and then for
wardly and upwardly, as shown ‘in the drawings,
"is tached to the storage battery of¢_ the automobile
3
o
_
2,119,892
of the lamp whenit reaches its proper operative
position. By adjusting the screw 55 longitudi
nally the stop means which in general comprises
and embody bearings 44 m which‘ the shaft 40
is journaled. The elements 42 and 43 are ?xed
by pins 45 -to opposite ends'of the shaft Y40 and
have parts which project radially from the shaft
and fit between the ends of the bar-like mem
ber 85 and the contiguous side portions of the
shell 22. The screws 38 extend through the
aforesaid parts of the rotatable elements 42 and
48 and when tightened serve to hold them in
10 clamped relation with respect to the ends of said
bar-like member and the adjacent or contiguous
side portions of the shell. The slots 39 through
which the screws 38 project extend horizontally
when the lamp 8’is in its operative position and
the screw 55 and the stop arm 58 may be set so
as to ‘prevent the lamp 8 from swinging upwardly
beyond a predetermined point. >Said means is
adjustable inasmuch as it includes the screw 55.
The screw 56 serves to limit downward swinging
of the lamp (8. It extends through the outer or
distal end of the stop arm 59, as shown in Figures 10
4 and 5 of the drawings, and coacts with the
e. portion of the fender j which de?nes the opening
, 82. When the lamp is swung downwards into its
inoperative or- closed position the screw 58 abuts
against- said opening-de?ning portion of the 15
fender f and precludes further downward swing
15 as a result when the screws)“ are loosened it is
possible to adjust or rotate the lamp about a
vertical axis and thus properly set its beam or
column of light with respect to the light emanat
ing of the lamp. By‘ adjusting the screw 56 lon
may be properly adjusted with respect to the lamp
precise registry or alignment with the opening
gitudinally‘the lamp may be stopped as far as
ing from the lamp 8. The screws 38 and slots ' downward swinging thereof is concerned when it
3! constitute simple means whereby the lamp 8 ‘ ‘reaches a position wherein the cover 26 is in 20
12 in thefender f.
8. By reason of the fact that the shaft 48 is
from being swung past or beyond its proper and
re?ector 23 the lamp'is centrally pivoted or
hinged and hence will not when encountering air
as the result of being in its operative position
operative position.
25 of the lamp overhangs the shaft 40 and thus
protects it against dirt, rain ‘and snow.
The lamp 8 is shifted into and out of its op
erative or open position by means of a crank 46,
a ?exible shaft 41, and a worm 48. The crank
45. as shown in Figure 1, is mounted on the left
The worm 48 is ?xed
to the extreme front end of the ?exible shaft 41
and meshes with a segment type worm gear 52
which forms a part of, and is integral with, the
rotatable element 43. When the crank 46 is
turned in one direction the shaft 40 as the result
of ‘being rotated in one direction by the driving
supported or mounted in the same manner as 35
the lamp 8 and is swung from its operative posi
tion into itsclosed or inoperative position and
vice versa by means of a crankiil and a ?exible
shaft 62. The crank 6| is located at the right
hand side of the dashboard of the automobile and
the flexible shaft v62 leads from the handle to
a worm and worm gear driving connection (not
shown) for the lamp 9. By employing a crank
for each of the lamps 8 and 9 the lamps may be
individually controlled and if desired one may be 45
used
independently of the other. By ‘locating
‘
the cranks at opposite ends of the dashboard one
of the cranks may be operated or manipulated‘
by one occupant of the automobile and the other
crank may be operated‘ or manipulated by an
> action of the worm 48 and the worm gear 52
swings the lamp 8 upwardly into its operative
or open position. When the crank 48 is turned
56 in the opposite direction the worm_ 48 and-the
worm gear 52 rotate the shaft 40 reversely and
cause the lamp 8 to swing downwards into its in
operative position within the pocket Ill. The
?exible shaft 41 is encased in a sheath 53.
This
sheath extends around the' exposed portion of
the ?exible shaft and has the front end there
of- connected by a clamp 54 to the outer end of
the sleeve 5|.
-
'
.
"order to limit the arc of swing of the lamp
8, a screw- 55 and a screw 55 are provided.
25
'zontally ‘with the opening I2. The lamp 9 is
41 through the medium of an irreversible ‘clutch
48. The latter is mounted on a bracket 50 be?
hind the dashboard. It is of any suitable or
section of the pocket III.
'
of the drawings, the opening 60 is aligned hori
hand side of the dashboard-of the automobile A
and is connected to one end of the ?exible shaft
sleeve 5| which is attached to and extends
through a holev in the top portion of the lower
I
The lamp 9 is similar in design and construc
tion to the lamp 8 and the pocket II is the same
as far as construction is concerned as the pocket
“land is positioned over the front portion of
the subjacent wheel 10 and in registry with an 30
opening 60 in the upper portion of the front
Wall of the fender 11. As shown in Figure 1
' tend to rotate or turn about the shaft. As shown
' in Figures 4 and 7, .the rear portion of the cover
,wellknown construction and operates to lock or
hold the shaft 41 against rotation except by the
shaft 45. The front end of the flexible shaft 41
extends into the pocket l0 and is journaled in a,
The screw 56 constitutes ad
justable stop means for preventing the lamp 8
located adjacent to the central portion of the
:The
3screw \55 extends'alongside of the bracket 4|
whichis adjacent to the rotatable element 42.
The shank of the screw 55 extends through a
51 at one side of said bracket and is pro
. vlded with a lock nut 58. The head of the screw
50
other occupant.
The herein~ described headlight structure is
comparatively simple as far as construction is
concerned and may be produced at a low- and
reasonable cost.
.
The invention is not to be understood as re
55
stricted to the details set forth, since these may
be modi?ed within the scope of the appended
claims, without departing from the spirit and
scope of the invention.
1
Having thus describedthe invention, what I
claim as new and desire to secure by Letters‘
Patent is:
.
,
1. In a headlight structure for a vehicle,'the
combination of a pocket located at the front of
the‘vehicle and provided with‘ a forwardly and
upwardly facingopening, vanfelectric lamp asso
ciated with the pocket and comprising a lens and .
a concavo convex re?ector, and a mounting
adapted to support the lamp so‘ that it may be
swung upwardly from an inoperative position
wherein it is disposed wholly within the pocket
,55 islocated in the central portion of the pocket
and the lens thereof faces downwardly into an
VII and coacts with a radially extending stop arm
5! on the rotatable element 42 to limit upward
7.5 swinging of the lamp and stop upward movement
operative position wherein the lens thereof faces
forwardly and is positioned wholly outside of
the pocket and the upper portion of the ,re~ 75
4
2,119,892
.
‘
?ector is disposed exteriorly of the pocket
so that when the lamp is swung-‘into its
opening, and comprising a bearing bracket _ further
operative position it swings upwardly and “the
_ fixedly mounted in the upper portion of the pocket
and a horizontally extending rotatable shaft in rear portion thereof projects into the pocket and
the bearing bracket spaced outwardly a small
distance from and centrally positioned with
respect to the central part of the re?ector and
connected by rigid arm-like members at the ends
thereof to the side parts of the lamp.
10
2. In a headlight structure for a vehicle, the
combination of a pocket located at the front of
the vehicle and‘provided with a front opening, an
electric lamp associated with the pocket and com
prising a lens, a re?ector in back of the lens, and
15 a shell around the re?ector, a mounting in the
pocket whereby the lamp is supported so that it
may be swung upwardly from an inoperative po
sition in the lower portion of the pocket into an
operative position wherein the lens thereof pro
jects through the opening and faces forwardly,
a plate of the same shape as the opening con
nected to the,top portion of the shell and ex
tending rearwardly and at an acute angle with
respect to the lens and arranged so that it serves
to close the opening when the lamp is in its in
operative position and further so that when-the
lamp is swung into its operative position it swings
upwardly and the rear portion thereof projects
into the pocket and overhangs said mounting,
30 andmeans for connecting the central portion of
the plate to the side portions of the shell.
3. In a headlight structure for a vehicle. the
combination of a pocket located at the front of
the vehicle and provided with a front opening,
35 an electric lamp associated with the pocket, and
comprising a lens, a re?ector in back of the lens,
and a shell around the re?ector, a mounting in
the pocket whereby the lamp is supported so that
it may be swung upwardly from an inoperative
40
position in the lower portion of the pocket into
an operative position wherein the lens thereof
projects through the opening and faces forward
- ly, a plate of the same shape as the opening con
nected to the top portion of the shell and extend
45 ing rearwardly and at an acute angle with re
spect to the lens andarranged so that it serves to
close the opening when the lamp is in its in
operative position and further so that when the
lamp is swung into its operative position it swings
upwardly and the rear portion thereof projects
into the pocket and overhangs said mounting,
and a bar-like member extending across and se
cured ?xedly to the central portion of the inner
face of the plate and having the ends thereof
55 attached to the side portions of theshell.
4. In a headlight structure for a vehicle, the
combination of a pocket located at the front of
the vehicle and provided with a front opening,
an electric lamp associated with the pocket and
comprising a lens,_a re?ector in back of the lens,
and a shell around the re?ector, a mounting in
, the pocket for supporting the lainp so that it may
be swung upwardly from an inoperative position
in the lower portion of the pocket into an oper
65 ative position wherein the lens thereof extends
through the opening and faces forwardly, com
overhangs said shaft, and a bar-like member ex
tending across and secured fixedly to the central
portion of the inner face of the plate and hav
ing the ends thereof connected to saidarm-like
elements.
'
.
5. In a headlight structure for a vehicle, the
combination of a pocket located at the front of
the vehicle and provided with a front opening, an
electric lamp associated with the pocket and
comprising alens, a re?ector in back of the lens
and a shell extending around said re?ector, a
mounting in the pocket for supporting the lamp
so that it may be swung from an inoperative po
sition in the pocket into ‘an operative position
wherein the lens thereof extends through the
opening and faces ‘forwardly, comprising a ro
tatable shaft extending across the back of the 20
re?ector and having arm-like elements at the
ends thereof connected to opposed portions of
the shell, and means for swinging the lamp into
and out of ‘its operative position comprising a
worm and worm gear connection applied to one 25
of said elements.
,
6. In a ‘headlight structure vfor a vehicle, the
combination of a pocket located at the front of
the vehicle and provided with an opening there
in, an electric lamp associated with the opening 30
and comprising a lens, a re?ector in back of the
lens and a shell extending around said re?ector,
a mounting in the pocket for supporting the
lamp so that it may be swung from an inoper
ative position in the pocket into an operative po
sition wherein the lens thereof extends through
the opening and faces forwardly, comprising a
rotatable shaft extending across the back of the
re?ector and having arm-like elements at the
ends thereof positioned adjacent to opposed por
tions of the shell, and connections between said
opposed portions of the shell and the arm-like
elements whereby the lamp may be adjusted
horizontally when in its operative position. 7. In a headlight structure for a'vehicle, the
combination of a pocket located at the front of
the vehicle and provided with an opening there
in, an electric lamp associated with the pocket,
a mounting in the pocket for supporting the lamp
so that it may be swung from an inoperative position in the pocket into an operative podtion
wherein it extends through the opening and ver- '
tically faces forwardly comprising a rotatable
shaft and a pair of arm-like members extending
between and connected to the ends of the shaft
and opposite portions of~the lamp, and adjust
able means, coacting with one of said arm-like
elements for; stopping, swing of the lamp when
it reaches its said operative position.
' 8. In a headlight structure for a vehicle, the
combination of a pocket located at the front of
the vehicle and provided with a forwardly fac
ing opening, an electric lamp associated with the
pocket and comprising a substantially circular
lens and a concavo convex re?ector behind the
lens, and a mounting adapted to suwort the
prising a horizontal, rotatable shaft extending . lamp so that it may be swung from an inoper
across the back of the re?ector and having arm
like elements at the ends thereof connected to
70 opposed portions of the shell, a plate of the same
shape as the opening connected to the top por
tion of the shell and extending rearwardly and
at an acute angle with respect to the lens and
arranged so that it serves to close the opening
75 when the lamp is in its inoperative position and
ative position within the pocket into an operative
position wherein the lens thereof is disposed-ex
teriorly of the opening and faces forwardly, and TC
comprising a bearing bracket secured fixedly in
the pocket and a pivot shaft in the bearing of
the bracket and directly behind the central por—
tion of the re?ector connected to the side por
tions of the lamp by arm-like members'at the
2,119,892
ends thereof and disposed in a' substantially di
ainetric position with respect to the lens so that
when the lamp is in its operative position the air
impinging against that half of the lens which is
at one side of the shaft is counterbalanced by the '
air impinging against the other half of the lens
and hence does not tend to rotate the lamp from
its operative position.
'
'
5.
the lens so that when the lamp is in its operative
position the air impinging against that half of
the lens which is at one side of the shaft is coun
terbalanced ‘by the air impinging against the’
other half-of~ the lens and hence does not tend
to rotate the lamp from its operative position. ’
10. The combination with an automobile hav
ing a front fender with a downwardly. inclined
9. In a headlight structure-for a vehicle, the‘ front wall and an opening in said front wall be
10 combination of a pocket located at the front of
neath the fender top, of a pocket disposed under 10
the vehicle and provided with a forwardly fac
the fender and in back of and registry with the
mg opening, an electric lamp associated with the opening, an electric lamp associated with the
pocket and comprising a substantially circular‘ pocket and comprising, a lens and a concavo con
lens and a concavo convex re?ector behind the
lens, and a mounting adapted to support the
lamp so that it may be'swung substantially ver
tically from 'an inoperative position within the
pocket into an operative position wherein the
lens thereof is disposed exteriorly to the open
20 ing and faces forwardly, and comprising a bear
ing bracket ?xedly secured in the pocket and a
horizontal pivot shaft in the bearing of the‘
bracket and directly behind the central portion
of the re?ector connected at the ends thereof to
25 the side portions of the lamp by rigid arm-like
members normal to the lens, and disposed in a‘
substantially diametric position with respect to
vex reflector opposite to the lens, and a mount- '
ing in the pocket whereby the lamp is supported 15
for rotation on a horizontal axis which is spaced
a small distance behind and is positioned cen
trally with respect to the central part of the re
?ector andper-mits the lamp to be swung up
wardly from. an inoperative position wherein it 20
is disposed wholly within the pocket and the lens
' thereof faces downwardly into an operative for
wardly facing position wherein tlie lens thereof
and a portion of the re?ectorare positioned out
side of the opening and are disposed beneath the
top of the fender.
~
‘
4
HERBERT C. SHOW.
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