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Патент USA US2120040

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June 7, 1938.
C.
2,120,040
PHILLIPS
AGRICULTURAL MACHINE
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
Filed June 13, 1936f
.WN.
MR.
Hi
June 7, 1938.
c. E. PHILLIPS .
2,120,040
AGRICULTURAL MACHINE
Filed June 13, 1936
‘ 3 Sheets-Sheet 2
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June 7, 1938.
c. E. PHILLIPS
2,120,040
AGRICULTURAL MACHINE
~Filed June 13, 1936
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
Patented June 7, 1938
' UNITED STATES
PATENT OFFICE
2,120,040
AGRICULTURAL MACHINE
Charles Edward Phillips, Logan, W. Va.
Application June 13, 1936, Serial No. 85,148
5 Claims.
One object of the present invention is to pro
vide a motor propelled vehicle, to which a gather
ing rake, a pick-up rake, a mowing mechanism or
a device for driving a rotating tool, may be con
5 nected readily.
Another object of the invention
(Cl. 74-389),
trolling rod 9 is joined by a ball and socket joint
Ill. The forward end of the controlling rod 9 is
operatively connected to a steering mechanism
II on the frame I, the steering mechanism com
prising a hand wheel I2 located accessibly with
is to supply novel means for raising and lowering _ respect to a driver’s seat I4 on the frame I.
the rakes at the will of an operator.
A front axle housing I5 is connected by springs
Another object of the invention is to provide
I 6, or otherwise, to the forward portion of the
novel means for driving the vehicle from the front frame I. A front axle I1 is journaled in the
10 wheels and steering the vehicle from the rear ' front axle housing I5. Forward ground wheels l0
wheels. The invention aims to supply novel
I8 are secured to the front axle I'l.
mechanism for transmitting movement from the
Rearwardly extended brackets I9 are attached
engine of the vehicle to the front or driving to the back part of the frame I. A gathering
wheels of the vehicle and to a mower, it being
rake 20, having curved tines, is hinged at 2| to
15 possible to operate the vehicle without operating the rear ends of the brackets I9, for vertical 15
the mowing mechanism, if the person in control
swinging adjustment; The rake 20 is provided
of the vehicle wishes to do so.
with an upstanding post 22 to which is attached
It is within the province of the disclosure to
improve generally and to enhance the utility of
20 devices of that type to which the invention ap
pertains.
With the above and other objects in view,
which will appear as the description proceeds,
the invention resides in the combination and ar
25 rangement of parts and in the details of construc
the rear end of a cable 23, or the like.
The numeral 24 marks a pickup rake disposed
at the front of the vehicle, the pickup rake com
prising teeth 25. The pickup rake 24 has an up
standing back 26. Certain of the teeth 25 are
prolonged rearwardly, to form arms 21, con
nected by the U-bolts 28 or the like, to the for
ward axle housing I5, a detachable connection 25
tion hereinafter described and claimed, it being _ thus being afforded, and it being possible to swing
understood that changes in the precise embodi
ment of the invention herein disclosed, may be
made within the scope of what is claimed, with
out departing from the spirit of the invention.
In the accompanying drawings:
a
Fig. 1 shOWS in top plan, a device constructed
in accordance with the invention;
Fig. _2 is a longitudinal section;
35
Fig. 3 is a section on_the line 3~3;
40
45
50
55
the pickup rake 24 upwardly and' downwardly.
Cables 29 or the like are attached-at their for
ward ends to the back portion 26 of the pickup '
rake 24, and the rear ends of these cables are
mounted detachably for adjustment in openings
30 in disks 3i, secured to a transverse shaft 32
journaled for rocking movement on the frame
I. At this point it may be noted that the cable
23 which controls the vertical swinging adjust
Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view illustrating ment of the gathering rake 20, is likewise con
part of the driving means;
nected detachably to one of the disks 3|. The
Fig. 5 is a section on the line 5-5 of Fig. 4;
transverse shaft 32 is provided with an upstand—
Fig. 6 is a plan illustrating the auxiliary driv
ing handle 33, accessible from the driver’s seat I4.
ing shaft;
An internal combustion engine 34 is mounted
Fig. '7 is an elevation showing a part of the on the frame I. The transmission casing is
means for mounting the mowing mechanism.
shown at 35. A supplemental, downwardly ex
In carrying out the invention there is provided tended casing 35 is attached to the rear end of the
a vehicle, which may be an automobile, the frame transmission casing 35, and is sustained from
I of which is turned end for end with respect to the rear axle 2 by means of a brace 3'l.'
the engine 34, so as to have a front drive, and to
The mowing mechanism may be of any desired
effect the steering from the rear.
construction and, therefore, the description of
A rear axle2 is secured by springs 3, or other
the mowing mechanism may be shortened' ac
wise, to the'rear part of the frame I, ‘and has cordingly. It comprises a support 38, on which
pivotally mounted, horizontal movable ends 4 ' a cutter bar 39 is mounted for reciprocation. 50
whereon the rear wheels 5 are journaled. The A connection 40 is joined at its outer end to the
axle ends 4 are supplied with rearwardly extended support 38 for the cutter bar 39, and is detach
arms 5, to which the extremities of a drag link ‘I
ably joined, as shown at 4i, to one side of the
are pivotally connected. One of the arms 6 has supplemental casing 36. A brace 42 is joined to
a forwardly extended offset 8 to which a con
the connection 40, intermediate the ends of the
connection.’ The brace‘ 42 extends upwardly and
bolts 23,'the pickup‘ as. may be removed. The
forwardly, and is Joined detachably to an eye 43
(Fig, 7) on the frame i. The support 36 and
the cutter bar 39 may betilted up and downv
withv respect to a transverse axis, that-is, tilted
. move the mowing mechanism if he wishes to
detachable connections. shown at 42-43 in Fig.
7 and ‘at 4i. in, Fig. 3 enable the operator to re
do so. ‘The gathering rake 23 then may be 0])
from front to back, by means of a link“, Joined ' erated, it- being possible to raise and lower the '
at its forward end to the support .36 for the
cutter bar 33, and usually Joined at its rear end
rake 23 by means of. the post 22 on the rake, the
cable 23, the. disk 3| to which the ‘cable 23 i3 . A
' to a lever 43, fulcrumedon thelframe _|,, and
10 adapted to cooperatewith a segment 46' on the
attached,_the transverse shaft 32 and the handle
33.~ The rake 23 is employed to gather hay or
frame i. The support 33 and the cutter bar 33
may be swung upwardly and downwardly by the
usual mechanism, embodying a connection 41
'~ The gathering rake 23 may be raised to inopé
any other crop into windrows.
I
~
.
erative position, and the pickup rake 23 may be - '
joined to one of the disks 3| on the, transverse
15 shaft 32. The cutter bar 33 is reciprocated on
mounted on the front axle housing i 3 by means
position of the cutter bar in a mowing machine
is well known. and need not be elaborated upon.
The shift lever for the transmission mecha
nism is marked by the numeral 49. The trans
mission mechanism comprises (an engine driven
shaft 33, shown in Fig. 1 and having an abut
ment II." A pinion 32 is splined to the rear end.
25 of the shaft. 33,’ and a compression spring is
interposed between the abutment 3i and the
‘place of deposit. The pickup rake 24 is, operated _
of the U-bolts 23. Then the machine maybe 13
the support 33, by means of e pitman 43. The , run lengthwise of the windrows, the pickup rake
general means for mounting and adjustingthe 24 gathering up the crop, and carrying it to the
pinion 32, to hold the pinion 32 in the position
dle
33.
'
'
The pickup rake 24 may be‘ removed, the
‘gathering rake 23 may be raised to inoperative
position, the mowing mechanism 33-33 etc. may
be mounted in place,'and the machine then may
be used for mowing.
'.
'
a
_
‘
= _
.
'
Since the operation of the moving mechanism
shown in Fig. 4, the spring being marked by
depends upon the operation of the mechanism‘
the numeral 33.
The pinion‘ 32 meshes with a gear wheel 64
for advancing the vehicle, the vehicle drive now
secured to a tubular shaft 53 journaled on a
The engine 34, operating through the transmis
sion mechanism 33, rotates the shaft 33 and turns
the pinion 62, rotation being imparted to the gear
wheel 34, the tubular ‘shaft I3,'the pinion 31, the.
pinion 33, the shaft 33, the differential mecha .35
nism 32, the front axle i1 and the forward ground
stub shaft 53 mounted in the supplemental cas
ing 36. The tubular shaft 66 has secured thereto
a pinion 51 meshingwith a gear wheel 33 car
ried by a part 63 of a shaft located in a uni
versal Joint casing-63, connectedto the depend
ing casing .36. The shaft 69 extends through a
torque tube 6|, and the torque tube 6i leads
to the usual differential mechanism 62, inter
posed in the front axle housing l5 and in the
front axle I‘I.
' v The shaft 59 which carries. the gear wheel 66
7
by a train of parts comprising'the cables 33, the
disks 3|, the transverse shaft 32 and the ban
has a reduced end 63 on which‘slides for adjust
ment, a tubular shaft 64, the tubular shaft 64
being slidable in an offset 63 on the supplemental
45
; casing 36. A pinion 66 is keyed to the tubular
shaft 64 and meshes with the gear wheel 54. i A
will be traced out.
wheels
i3.
.
,
v
'
When the pinion 34 is rotated-rotation is im
parted to the pinion 33 and to the-tubular shaft ‘
64, the’?y wheel 33 being operated, and reciproca
tion being imparted to the cutter bar 33 by way -
of the pinion 43.
\
.
vThere are times when it will be desirable to
operate the machine as a vehicle, without re- - I
ciprocating the ‘cutter bar 33. Under such cir
cumstances, ‘the shaft ‘ll of Fig. 4 is rotated by
means of the handle 12, and the eccentric ‘I3.
engaging the fly wheel 33, moves the ?y wheel
compression spring 61 surrounds the tubular
shaft 34. The forward end of the spring 61 and the tubular shaft 34 to the left in Fig. 3, the
abuts against the pinion'66, and the rear end of pinion 63 being pulled out ofmesh with the gear
the spring 31 abuts against the offset 65 of the wheel 34, the pinion 33 entering the oifset 33 of
the supplemental casing 33. The vehicle then
supplemental casing 36._ A ?y wheel_63 is se
cured to the rear end of the tubular shaft 64, ‘can be driven without reciprocating the cutter
the pitman 43 that actuates the cutter bar 39 bar 33. In order to return the pinion 33 to mesh
65 bdng pivoted at 69 to the fly wheel. There are with the gear wheel 34, the shaft ‘H and the ec
'rearwardly extended bearings 10 on the supple
centric ‘l3 are restored to the position of Fig. 4,
mental casing 36, and in these bearings ‘III, a the' spring 31 carrying the pinion 33 back into
, vertical shaft ‘II is joumaled. The shaft 1| has
a handle 12 at its upper end. On the lower end
of the shaftv ‘ii there is an eccentric ‘I3, which
cooperates with the fly wheel 68, at the will of
an operator.
,
There is an opening 14 in the rear wall of the
supplemental casingv 36, as shown in Fig. 4. This
mesh with the gear wheel 34._
‘
,
It may be desirable to ‘rotate the shaft 13 of.
Fig. 6 without moving the vehicle or reciprocat
ing'the cutter bar 33. The shaft 13 is assembled
with the rear end portion of the frame i, for rota‘
tion, by means of the bearing ‘II of Fig. 6. The
shaft 16 is moved to the right in Fig. 4, the socket
opening 14 is adapted to receive a socket ‘IS on I 16 on the shaft ‘I3 enters the opening ‘I4 in the
the forward end of a driving shaft 16. The supplemental casing 36, and the end of the shaft
socket 16 is adapted to engage the rear end of
the shaft 53. The driving shaft 16 is removable,
30 is received in the socket 13, the shaft 13 being
of the frame I. On its rear end, the shaft 16
has any suitable means ‘I6 for retaining on the
shaft,- a grindstone, a buzz saw or any other im
mission mechanism 33, the shaft 13 will be 70
rotated also. The socket ‘l3 slides the pinion 32
to the right in Fig. 4, out of mesh with the gear
wheel 34, and, consequently, there is no driving
coupled to the shaft 36, so that when the shaft .
but is iournaled in a bearing 11 on the rear end I ,50 is rotated by the engine 34,,through the trans- I
plement which the operator may wish to rotate.
Since the pickup rake 24 .is detachably con
nected to the front axle housing I5 by the U
connection between the shaft _33 and the tubu- >
iar shaft 64'or the shaft 33.‘ When the shaft 13
vis ‘
3
2,120,040
is rotated, to turn any tool held on the shaft by
the device shown at 18 in Fig. 6, the vehicle will
not be advanced nor will the cutter bar 39 be re
ciprocated.
Broadly stated, the vehicle may be constructed
movement and a second part having longitudinal
movement, means for driving machinery from
each part of the second shaft, the means for driv
ing machinery from the second part of the sec
ond shaft comprising a power-transmitting 5
by reversing an automobile end for end with re
spect to the engine 34. The vehicle is so con
stituted that a variety of operations incident to
farming may be carried out readily by means of
10 a single vehicle.
‘wheel on the second part of the second shaft, an
intermediate gear wheel and an intermediate pin
Having thus described the invention, what is
claimed is:
1. Power transmitting mechanism comprising a
the intermediate gear wheel, a gear wheel on the
casing, a driven shaft extended into the casing,
15 a second shaft journaled in the casing and com
prising a ?rst part held against longitudinal
movement and a second part having longitudinal
movement, means for driving machinery from
each part of the second shaft, an intermediate
20 gear wheel and an intermediate pinion connected
for rotation together, and journaled in the eas
.ing, a driven pinion on the second part of the
second shaft and meshing with the intermediate
gear wheel, a gear wheel on the ?rst part of the
26 second shaft and meshing with the intermediate
pinion, a pinion on the driven shaft and meshing
with the intermediate gear wheel, and means
under the control of an operator for moving the
shaft and meshing with the intermediate gear
second part of the second shaft longitudinally, to
30 disengage the driven pinion from the intermedi
ate gear wheel.
2. A device of the class described constructed
as set forth in claim 1, in combination with spring
means for restoring the driven pinion to mesh
35 with the intermediate gear wheei, when the
means-for moving the second part of the second
shaft longitudinally is moved to inoperative posi
tion.
'
3. Power transmitting mechanism comprising
a casing, a driven shaft extended into the eas
ing, a second shaft iournaled in the casing and
comprising a ?rst part held against longitudinal
ion connected for rotation together and Jour
naled in the casing, a driven pinion on the sec
ond part of the second shaft and meshing with 10
?rst part of the second shaft and meshing with
the intermediate pinion, a pinion on the driven
wheel, a third shaft supported for rotation on the 15
casing and under the control of an operator, and
an eccentric on the third shaft, the eccentric
engaging the power-transmitting wheel, to move
the second part of the second shaft longitudi
nally, thereby to disengage the driven pinion 20
from the intermediate gear wheel.
4. A device of the class described constructed
as set forth in claim 1 and further characterized
by the fact that the pinion of the driven shaft is
slidable on the driven shaft, into and out of 26
mesh with the intermediate gear wheel, and
means for sliding the pinion of the driven shaft
into and out of mesh with the intermediate gear
wheel.
5. A device of the class described, constructed 80
as set forth in claim 1, and further characterized
by the fact that the “pinion of the driven shaft
is slidable ‘thereon, into and out of mesh with
the intermediate gear wheel, the means for slid
ing the pinion on the driven shaft comprising a 35
tool-actuating shaft having means for holding a
tool and having a detachable coupling for en
gagement with the driven shaft, the coupling en-'
gaging the pinion on the driven shaft, to move a
that pinionout of engagement with the inter
mediate gear wheel.
-
CHARLES EDWARD PHJLLIPS.
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