Патент USA US2120040код для вставки
June 7, 1938. C. 2,120,040 PHILLIPS AGRICULTURAL MACHINE 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed June 13, 1936f .WN. MR. Hi June 7, 1938. c. E. PHILLIPS . 2,120,040 AGRICULTURAL MACHINE Filed June 13, 1936 ‘ 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 r I I I In _-4 “bi-rah kw?.3»... W @M. -Ma . June 7, 1938. c. E. PHILLIPS 2,120,040 AGRICULTURAL MACHINE ~Filed June 13, 1936 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented June 7, 1938 ' UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,120,040 AGRICULTURAL MACHINE Charles Edward Phillips, Logan, W. Va. Application June 13, 1936, Serial No. 85,148 5 Claims. One object of the present invention is to pro vide a motor propelled vehicle, to which a gather ing rake, a pick-up rake, a mowing mechanism or a device for driving a rotating tool, may be con 5 nected readily. Another object of the invention (Cl. 74-389), trolling rod 9 is joined by a ball and socket joint Ill. The forward end of the controlling rod 9 is operatively connected to a steering mechanism II on the frame I, the steering mechanism com prising a hand wheel I2 located accessibly with is to supply novel means for raising and lowering _ respect to a driver’s seat I4 on the frame I. the rakes at the will of an operator. A front axle housing I5 is connected by springs Another object of the invention is to provide I 6, or otherwise, to the forward portion of the novel means for driving the vehicle from the front frame I. A front axle I1 is journaled in the 10 wheels and steering the vehicle from the rear ' front axle housing I5. Forward ground wheels l0 wheels. The invention aims to supply novel I8 are secured to the front axle I'l. mechanism for transmitting movement from the Rearwardly extended brackets I9 are attached engine of the vehicle to the front or driving to the back part of the frame I. A gathering wheels of the vehicle and to a mower, it being rake 20, having curved tines, is hinged at 2| to 15 possible to operate the vehicle without operating the rear ends of the brackets I9, for vertical 15 the mowing mechanism, if the person in control swinging adjustment; The rake 20 is provided of the vehicle wishes to do so. with an upstanding post 22 to which is attached It is within the province of the disclosure to improve generally and to enhance the utility of 20 devices of that type to which the invention ap pertains. With the above and other objects in view, which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the combination and ar 25 rangement of parts and in the details of construc the rear end of a cable 23, or the like. The numeral 24 marks a pickup rake disposed at the front of the vehicle, the pickup rake com prising teeth 25. The pickup rake 24 has an up standing back 26. Certain of the teeth 25 are prolonged rearwardly, to form arms 21, con nected by the U-bolts 28 or the like, to the for ward axle housing I5, a detachable connection 25 tion hereinafter described and claimed, it being _ thus being afforded, and it being possible to swing understood that changes in the precise embodi ment of the invention herein disclosed, may be made within the scope of what is claimed, with out departing from the spirit of the invention. In the accompanying drawings: a Fig. 1 shOWS in top plan, a device constructed in accordance with the invention; Fig. _2 is a longitudinal section; 35 Fig. 3 is a section on_the line 3~3; 40 45 50 55 the pickup rake 24 upwardly and' downwardly. Cables 29 or the like are attached-at their for ward ends to the back portion 26 of the pickup ' rake 24, and the rear ends of these cables are mounted detachably for adjustment in openings 30 in disks 3i, secured to a transverse shaft 32 journaled for rocking movement on the frame I. At this point it may be noted that the cable 23 which controls the vertical swinging adjust Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view illustrating ment of the gathering rake 20, is likewise con part of the driving means; nected detachably to one of the disks 3|. The Fig. 5 is a section on the line 5-5 of Fig. 4; transverse shaft 32 is provided with an upstand— Fig. 6 is a plan illustrating the auxiliary driv ing handle 33, accessible from the driver’s seat I4. ing shaft; An internal combustion engine 34 is mounted Fig. '7 is an elevation showing a part of the on the frame I. The transmission casing is means for mounting the mowing mechanism. shown at 35. A supplemental, downwardly ex In carrying out the invention there is provided tended casing 35 is attached to the rear end of the a vehicle, which may be an automobile, the frame transmission casing 35, and is sustained from I of which is turned end for end with respect to the rear axle 2 by means of a brace 3'l.' the engine 34, so as to have a front drive, and to The mowing mechanism may be of any desired effect the steering from the rear. construction and, therefore, the description of A rear axle2 is secured by springs 3, or other the mowing mechanism may be shortened' ac wise, to the'rear part of the frame I, ‘and has cordingly. It comprises a support 38, on which pivotally mounted, horizontal movable ends 4 ' a cutter bar 39 is mounted for reciprocation. 50 whereon the rear wheels 5 are journaled. The A connection 40 is joined at its outer end to the axle ends 4 are supplied with rearwardly extended support 38 for the cutter bar 39, and is detach arms 5, to which the extremities of a drag link ‘I ably joined, as shown at 4i, to one side of the are pivotally connected. One of the arms 6 has supplemental casing 36. A brace 42 is joined to a forwardly extended offset 8 to which a con the connection 40, intermediate the ends of the connection.’ The brace‘ 42 extends upwardly and bolts 23,'the pickup‘ as. may be removed. The forwardly, and is Joined detachably to an eye 43 (Fig, 7) on the frame i. The support 36 and the cutter bar 39 may betilted up and downv withv respect to a transverse axis, that-is, tilted . move the mowing mechanism if he wishes to detachable connections. shown at 42-43 in Fig. 7 and ‘at 4i. in, Fig. 3 enable the operator to re do so. ‘The gathering rake 23 then may be 0]) from front to back, by means of a link“, Joined ' erated, it- being possible to raise and lower the ' at its forward end to the support .36 for the cutter bar 33, and usually Joined at its rear end rake 23 by means of. the post 22 on the rake, the cable 23, the. disk 3| to which the ‘cable 23 i3 . A ' to a lever 43, fulcrumedon thelframe _|,, and 10 adapted to cooperatewith a segment 46' on the attached,_the transverse shaft 32 and the handle 33.~ The rake 23 is employed to gather hay or frame i. The support 33 and the cutter bar 33 may be swung upwardly and downwardly by the usual mechanism, embodying a connection 41 '~ The gathering rake 23 may be raised to inopé any other crop into windrows. I ~ . erative position, and the pickup rake 23 may be - ' joined to one of the disks 3| on the, transverse 15 shaft 32. The cutter bar 33 is reciprocated on mounted on the front axle housing i 3 by means position of the cutter bar in a mowing machine is well known. and need not be elaborated upon. The shift lever for the transmission mecha nism is marked by the numeral 49. The trans mission mechanism comprises (an engine driven shaft 33, shown in Fig. 1 and having an abut ment II." A pinion 32 is splined to the rear end. 25 of the shaft. 33,’ and a compression spring is interposed between the abutment 3i and the ‘place of deposit. The pickup rake 24 is, operated _ of the U-bolts 23. Then the machine maybe 13 the support 33, by means of e pitman 43. The , run lengthwise of the windrows, the pickup rake general means for mounting and adjustingthe 24 gathering up the crop, and carrying it to the pinion 32, to hold the pinion 32 in the position dle 33. ' ' The pickup rake 24 may be‘ removed, the ‘gathering rake 23 may be raised to inoperative position, the mowing mechanism 33-33 etc. may be mounted in place,'and the machine then may be used for mowing. '. ' a _ ‘ = _ . ' Since the operation of the moving mechanism shown in Fig. 4, the spring being marked by depends upon the operation of the mechanism‘ the numeral 33. The pinion‘ 32 meshes with a gear wheel 64 for advancing the vehicle, the vehicle drive now secured to a tubular shaft 53 journaled on a The engine 34, operating through the transmis sion mechanism 33, rotates the shaft 33 and turns the pinion 62, rotation being imparted to the gear wheel 34, the tubular ‘shaft I3,'the pinion 31, the. pinion 33, the shaft 33, the differential mecha .35 nism 32, the front axle i1 and the forward ground stub shaft 53 mounted in the supplemental cas ing 36. The tubular shaft 66 has secured thereto a pinion 51 meshingwith a gear wheel 33 car ried by a part 63 of a shaft located in a uni versal Joint casing-63, connectedto the depend ing casing .36. The shaft 69 extends through a torque tube 6|, and the torque tube 6i leads to the usual differential mechanism 62, inter posed in the front axle housing l5 and in the front axle I‘I. ' v The shaft 59 which carries. the gear wheel 66 7 by a train of parts comprising'the cables 33, the disks 3|, the transverse shaft 32 and the ban has a reduced end 63 on which‘slides for adjust ment, a tubular shaft 64, the tubular shaft 64 being slidable in an offset 63 on the supplemental 45 ; casing 36. A pinion 66 is keyed to the tubular shaft 64 and meshes with the gear wheel 54. i A will be traced out. wheels i3. . , v ' When the pinion 34 is rotated-rotation is im parted to the pinion 33 and to the-tubular shaft ‘ 64, the’?y wheel 33 being operated, and reciproca tion being imparted to the cutter bar 33 by way - of the pinion 43. \ . vThere are times when it will be desirable to operate the machine as a vehicle, without re- - I ciprocating the ‘cutter bar 33. Under such cir cumstances, ‘the shaft ‘ll of Fig. 4 is rotated by means of the handle 12, and the eccentric ‘I3. engaging the fly wheel 33, moves the ?y wheel compression spring 61 surrounds the tubular shaft 34. The forward end of the spring 61 and the tubular shaft 34 to the left in Fig. 3, the abuts against the pinion'66, and the rear end of pinion 63 being pulled out ofmesh with the gear the spring 31 abuts against the offset 65 of the wheel 34, the pinion 33 entering the oifset 33 of the supplemental casing 33. The vehicle then supplemental casing 36._ A ?y wheel_63 is se cured to the rear end of the tubular shaft 64, ‘can be driven without reciprocating the cutter the pitman 43 that actuates the cutter bar 39 bar 33. In order to return the pinion 33 to mesh 65 bdng pivoted at 69 to the fly wheel. There are with the gear wheel 34, the shaft ‘H and the ec 'rearwardly extended bearings 10 on the supple centric ‘l3 are restored to the position of Fig. 4, mental casing 36, and in these bearings ‘III, a the' spring 31 carrying the pinion 33 back into , vertical shaft ‘II is joumaled. The shaft 1| has a handle 12 at its upper end. On the lower end of the shaftv ‘ii there is an eccentric ‘I3, which cooperates with the fly wheel 68, at the will of an operator. , There is an opening 14 in the rear wall of the supplemental casingv 36, as shown in Fig. 4. This mesh with the gear wheel 34._ ‘ , It may be desirable to ‘rotate the shaft 13 of. Fig. 6 without moving the vehicle or reciprocat ing'the cutter bar 33. The shaft 13 is assembled with the rear end portion of the frame i, for rota‘ tion, by means of the bearing ‘II of Fig. 6. The shaft 16 is moved to the right in Fig. 4, the socket opening 14 is adapted to receive a socket ‘IS on I 16 on the shaft ‘I3 enters the opening ‘I4 in the the forward end of a driving shaft 16. The supplemental casing 36, and the end of the shaft socket 16 is adapted to engage the rear end of the shaft 53. The driving shaft 16 is removable, 30 is received in the socket 13, the shaft 13 being of the frame I. On its rear end, the shaft 16 has any suitable means ‘I6 for retaining on the shaft,- a grindstone, a buzz saw or any other im mission mechanism 33, the shaft 13 will be 70 rotated also. The socket ‘l3 slides the pinion 32 to the right in Fig. 4, out of mesh with the gear wheel 34, and, consequently, there is no driving coupled to the shaft 36, so that when the shaft . but is iournaled in a bearing 11 on the rear end I ,50 is rotated by the engine 34,,through the trans- I plement which the operator may wish to rotate. Since the pickup rake 24 .is detachably con nected to the front axle housing I5 by the U connection between the shaft _33 and the tubu- > iar shaft 64'or the shaft 33.‘ When the shaft 13 vis ‘ 3 2,120,040 is rotated, to turn any tool held on the shaft by the device shown at 18 in Fig. 6, the vehicle will not be advanced nor will the cutter bar 39 be re ciprocated. Broadly stated, the vehicle may be constructed movement and a second part having longitudinal movement, means for driving machinery from each part of the second shaft, the means for driv ing machinery from the second part of the sec ond shaft comprising a power-transmitting 5 by reversing an automobile end for end with re spect to the engine 34. The vehicle is so con stituted that a variety of operations incident to farming may be carried out readily by means of 10 a single vehicle. ‘wheel on the second part of the second shaft, an intermediate gear wheel and an intermediate pin Having thus described the invention, what is claimed is: 1. Power transmitting mechanism comprising a the intermediate gear wheel, a gear wheel on the casing, a driven shaft extended into the casing, 15 a second shaft journaled in the casing and com prising a ?rst part held against longitudinal movement and a second part having longitudinal movement, means for driving machinery from each part of the second shaft, an intermediate 20 gear wheel and an intermediate pinion connected for rotation together, and journaled in the eas .ing, a driven pinion on the second part of the second shaft and meshing with the intermediate gear wheel, a gear wheel on the ?rst part of the 26 second shaft and meshing with the intermediate pinion, a pinion on the driven shaft and meshing with the intermediate gear wheel, and means under the control of an operator for moving the shaft and meshing with the intermediate gear second part of the second shaft longitudinally, to 30 disengage the driven pinion from the intermedi ate gear wheel. 2. A device of the class described constructed as set forth in claim 1, in combination with spring means for restoring the driven pinion to mesh 35 with the intermediate gear wheei, when the means-for moving the second part of the second shaft longitudinally is moved to inoperative posi tion. ' 3. Power transmitting mechanism comprising a casing, a driven shaft extended into the eas ing, a second shaft iournaled in the casing and comprising a ?rst part held against longitudinal ion connected for rotation together and Jour naled in the casing, a driven pinion on the sec ond part of the second shaft and meshing with 10 ?rst part of the second shaft and meshing with the intermediate pinion, a pinion on the driven wheel, a third shaft supported for rotation on the 15 casing and under the control of an operator, and an eccentric on the third shaft, the eccentric engaging the power-transmitting wheel, to move the second part of the second shaft longitudi nally, thereby to disengage the driven pinion 20 from the intermediate gear wheel. 4. A device of the class described constructed as set forth in claim 1 and further characterized by the fact that the pinion of the driven shaft is slidable on the driven shaft, into and out of 26 mesh with the intermediate gear wheel, and means for sliding the pinion of the driven shaft into and out of mesh with the intermediate gear wheel. 5. A device of the class described, constructed 80 as set forth in claim 1, and further characterized by the fact that the “pinion of the driven shaft is slidable ‘thereon, into and out of mesh with the intermediate gear wheel, the means for slid ing the pinion on the driven shaft comprising a 35 tool-actuating shaft having means for holding a tool and having a detachable coupling for en gagement with the driven shaft, the coupling en-' gaging the pinion on the driven shaft, to move a that pinionout of engagement with the inter mediate gear wheel. - CHARLES EDWARD PHJLLIPS.