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Патент USA US2120065

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June 7, 1938.
c. R. A. M. DE ROUGE
2,120,065
BALANCING DEVICE FOR FLYING MACHINES
Filed May 11, 1936 '
2 Sheets-Sheet l
June 7, 1938.
c, R, A_ M, [)5 ROUGE
2,120,065
BALANCING DEVICE FOR FLYING MACHINES
Filed May 11, 1936
I‘ if
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
‘
Invem‘or:
[?ar/es R14” 02%” 6
ocarC? mom
244. AERONAUTICS.
75
2,120,065
Patented June 7, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,120,065
BALANCING DEVICE FOR FLYING MACHINES
Charles Roger Anne Marie de Rougé, Mercues,
France, assignor to Pollopas Patents Limited,
London, England
Application May 11, 1936, Serial No. 79,033
In France May 11, 1935
11 Claims.
The present invention relates to balancing de
vices for ?ying machines, consisting of an auxil
iary wing or mast adapted to support members
arranged in high planes which may come to
action by their different positions in the three
dimensions of the air space.
The auxiliary wing or mast and the members
supported thereby allow reduction of the resist
ance against the forward movement, are of
10 simple construction and high tensile strength,
and cause an increase of the lateral stability dur
ing movement in the longitudinal or vertical di
rection of ?ight. The auxiliary wing or mast
may, moreover, be adapted for accommodating
(Cl. 244—75)
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary front elevation of the
device illustrated in Fig. 1,
Fig. 3 is a front elevation of a construction
equipped with two masts or wings inclined with
respect to the supporting planes,
Fig. 4 is a front elevation of a ?ying machine
having a mast or auxiliary wing capable of being
tilted,
Fig. 5 is a side elevation of the construction
10
shown in Fig. 4, and
Fig. 6 is a front elevation of a ?ying machine
showing a deck structure adapted to receive the
mast or auxiliary wing.
As may be seen from Figures 1 and 2, the body
passengers and instruments of any kind as well . I of the ?ying machine carries the supporting 15
as ?xed and movable balancing devices, para
chutes, aeroplane-parachutes, aeroplane balanc
ing parachutes, ?rearms and so on.
The auxiliary wing or mast according to the
20 invention substantially consists of a kind of box
of airfoil shape, extending vertically above the
supporting planes of the ?ying machine, and may
be considered as a robust supporting wing or
mast the base of which is of suf?cient dimensions
to allow its walls to be connected to those of the
body of the ?ying machine.
A mast or wing of the kind mentioned above is
vertically mounted upon a ?ying machine in a
manner to allow lateral tilting, or may consist
of two parts each adapted to be tilted towards
one side of the machine frame. The wing or
mast may, however, also be so constructed as to
be capable of being tilted rather far in a plane
vertically to the supporting planes of the flying
machine, whereby the stability in the direction
of ?ight is improved. Moreover, upon the body
planes 2 and 3 and the mast or auxiliary wing
4 at the upper end of which the balancing planes
are provided. The balancing planes consist of
two ?aps 5 and 6 capable of rotating about the
pivot ‘l in a direction vertically to their upper 20
surfaces, whereby said ?aps 5 and B are moved
with regard to each other or in unison.
By moving the ?aps 5 and 6 from the position
shown in full lines to the position indicated in
dotted lines in Fig. 1, they offer resistance, while, 25
when moved in unison, they effect a negative or
positive supporting action.
According to Fig. 2, the two ?aps 5 and 6 are
so positioned as to effect a positive supporting
30
action.
Instead of a single pivot 1, two pivots may be
used in which case the pivots may more or less
be separated from each other.
To increase the lateral stability, the pivots may
35
form a more or less great angle between them.
The mast or auxiliary wing 4 may, as also
mounted, capable of receiving the masts or wings,
illustrated in Figures 1 and 2, be provided with
vertical ?aps Band Sadapted to act independently
and arranged in such a manner. that, by means
well known in the art (telescoping tubes), the
?ying machine.
of the ?ying machine a deck structure may be
masts or auxiliary wings may more or less be
inserted into and withdrawn from it.
This ar
rangement allows decreasing and increasing the
leverage available for stabilizing purposes. Fur
thermore, subdivided balancing or stabilizing
planes of diiferent shapes and dimensions may
be mounted at the upwardly extending masts or
wings of multiple plane ?ying machines.
In the accompanying drawings various con
50 structions of balancing devices according to the
invention are shown diagrammatically by way
of example.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a balancing device
according to the invention,
of each other to cause lateral inclinations of the
7
40
Furthermore, similar ?aps l0 and II may be
mounted at the mast or auxiliary wing 4 which
individually or together may be adjusted to cause
braking- or direction changing actions more or
less near the base of the mast or auxiliary wing
4. The horizontal and vertical ?aps may all be
adjusted by the driver or automatically by means
of wires or rigid connections known in the art.
Fig. 3 shows a modi?ed construction wherein
masts I2 and I3 are provided, one at each side 60
of the center of the supporting planes. These
masts may be arranged in an inclined position,
so that their free ends extend towards the tip of
the supporting planes I4 and I5 respectively.
Fig.v 3 clearly illustrates, that the horizontal
2
2,120,065
?aps l6, l1 and l8, l9 respectively act in a
different manner. The flaps |6 and I1 are sepa
rated from each other and cause resistance which
brakes the movement of the supporting plane l4,
while the two ?aps l8 and I9. lowered in the same
sense. have a positive supporting action raising
the supporting plane I5.
The interior of the masts or auxiliary wings 4
and l2, l3 respectively may, by using the means
10 known in the construction of the body of ?ying
machines, be so formed, that, without weakenings
being caused, space is obtained for receiving in
struments and persons.
According to the construction shown in Figs. 4
15 and 5 vertical walls 23 and 24 respectively are
the deck structure 40 to any desired position and
thus come into operative position.
Any known means, for instance means allowing
movements of the ?aps parallel to themselves on
change of the inclination of the mast, may serve
to connect the ?aps. Then, independently of the
inclination of the mast, the adjustment of the
?aps is solely effected by the driver of the ?ying
machine.
It is evident, that the ?aps and masts may be 10
arranged at any distance above the supporting
planes of the ?ying machine and also at di?er
ent distances from the vertical central longitudi
nal plane of the machine, depending upon wheth
er a monoplane or multiple plane ?ying ma
15
to tilt the mast 26 in any desired inclined lateral
chine is being considered. By the arrangement
according to the invention, a robust balancing de
vice is provided preventing lateral gliding of the
machine and enabling it to effect easy turning
due to the fact, that an excellent longitudinal di 20
rection of ?ight and a horizontal path of ?ight
position.
are obtained.
provided at the edges of the supporting planes 2|
and 22 which are carried by the body 20 of the ?y
ing machine.
Mounted upon the body 20 is a
deck structure 25 upon which a mast 26 is ar
20 ranged. Flexible or rigid means 28 and 29 serve
If by tilting the mast 26 the ?aps 30 and 3| are
brought into the position shown in. dotted lines
25 in Fig. 4, i. e. across the direction of ?ight, they
cause turning or change of the balance of the
flying machine and assist for instance in effect
ing turning or offer resistance thereto.
The pivot 21 of the mast 26 may be arranged at
30 any desired height above the supporting planes
2| and 22, or a single mast or a plurality of masts
with pivots may be so mounted above the sup
porting planes 2| and 22 as to be capable of being
moved downwardly upon the supporting planes
35 or into recesses formed in the latter.
If the pivots are mounted sui?ciently high, the
parts folded downwardly may be positioned in
the lower parts of the deck structure 25.
As may be seen from Fig. 5, the mast 26 and
40 ?aps 34 mounted thereon may, for instance by
means of cables 32 and 33, be tilted rather far in
a plane situated in the direction of ?ight, so that
the ?aps 34 are directed towards the front or
rear portion of the machine.
The provision of the ?aps 30, 3| and 34 with
regard to the vertical walls 23 and 24 at the sides
of the body 20 of the machine has an effect simi
lar to that of an ideal vertical wing arranged in
parallel to the longitudinal axis of the body 20
50 of the machine, i. e. an increase of the stability. of
the ?ying machine in the direction of ?ight. Any
45
change in the adjustment of the one ?ap about a
small angle causes alteration of the general di
rection- of ?ight of the machine and of the posi
55 tion of the latter.
By means of the ?exible or rigid adjusting de
vices, for instance the cables 28 and 29 shown in
Fig. 4 and the cables 32 and 33 illustrated in Fig.
5, the vertical mast or wing 26 may be tilted in
50 any desired direction. The pivot arrangement
used may for example be a kind of toggle joint.
As shown in Fig. 6, a mast 4| equipped with
@?aps 42 and 43 may, by any known mechanical
means, be drawn out of the deck structure 40.
Each of the Figures 4 to 6 shows a ?ying ma-_
55
chine the supporting planes of which are pro
vided with vertical walls 23, 24 and 38, 39 respec
tively at the outer edge. In Fig. 6 the mast 4| is
surrounded by the deck structure 40 and may be
70 drawn into the latter by any adjusting means and
occupy in the interior of said structure for in
stance the position shown in dotted lines in Fig. 6.
At any desired moment the mast 4| together
with its flaps 42 and 43 may, by automatic or non
75 automatic adjusting devices, be withdrawn from
What I claim is:
1. A ?ying machine, comprising a body por
tion, supporting planes connected to said body 25
portion, a vertical wall carried by each of said
supporting planes, a deck structure mounted up
on said body portion, a mast pivotally arranged
with its lower end upon said deck structure and
adapted to be tilted laterally and towards the 30
front and rear end of the machine, and ?aps
mounted at said mast in two planes vertically to
each other, said mast being adapted to be folded
downwardly into a position to bear against one of
said supporting planes or to engage a recess in 35
the said deck structure.
2. A ?ying machine, comprising a body portion,
supporting planes connected to said body portion,
a vertical wall carried by each of said support
ing planes, a deck structure mounted upon said 40
body portion, a mast pivotally arranged with its
lower end upon said deck structure, adjusting
means for tilting said mast laterally and towards
the front and rear end of the machine, and ?aps
mounted at said mast in two planes vertically to 45
each other, said mast being adapted to be folded
downwardly into a position to bear against one
of said supporting planes or to engage a recess in
the said deck structure.
3. A ?ying machine, comprising a body portion, 60
supporting planes connected to said body portion,
a vertical wall carried by each of said support
ing planes, a deck structure mounted upon said
body portion, a mast arranged in said deck struc
ture, means to move said mast into and out of 55
said deck structure, and ?aps mounted at said
mast.
.
4. A ?ying machine comprising a body por
tion, supporting planes connected to said body
portion, a vertical wall carried by each of said
supporting planes, a deck structure mounted
upon said body portion, a mast pivotally arranged
with its lower end upon said deck structure and
adapted to be tilted laterally and towards the
front and rear end of the machine, and ?aps
mounted on said mast in two planes vertically to
each other, said mast being adapted to be folded
downwardly into a position to bear against one
of said supporting planes.
5. A ?ying machine comprising a body por
70
tion, supporting planes connected to said body
portion, a vertical wall carriedrby each of said
supporting planes, a deck structure mounted upon
said body portion, a mast pivotally arranged with
its lower end upon said deck structure and adapt 75
3l
2,120,065
ed to be tilted laterally and towards the front and
rear end of the machine, and ?aps mounted on
said mast in two planes vertically to each other,
said mast being adapted to be folded downwardly
into a position to engage a recess in the said deck
structure.
6. A ?ying machine comprising a body por
tion, supporting planes connected to said body
portion, a vertical wall carried by each of said
10 supporting planes, a deck structure mounted upon
said body portion, a mast’pivotally arranged with
its lower end upon said deck structure, adjusting
means for tilting said mast laterally and towards
the front and rear end of the machine, and ?aps
15 mounted on said mast in two planes vertically to
each other, said mast being adapted to be folded
downwardly into a position to bear against one
of said supporting planes.
7. A ?ying machine comprising a body por
tion, supporting planes connected to said body
portion, a vertical wall carried by each of said
supporting planes, a deck structure mounted
upon said body portion, a mast pivotally arranged
with its lower end upon said deck structure, ad
justing means for tilting said mast laterally and
towards the front and rear end of the machine,
and flaps mounted on said mast in two planes ver
tically to each other, said mast being adapted
to be folded downwardly into a position to engage
a recess in the said deck structure.
8. A ?ying machine, comprising a body por
tion, supporting planes connected to said portion,
a rigid guide wing, having an area approximately
equal to that of a supporting plane and being
secured to the body portion in the region of the
supporting planes in an upwardly extending posi
tion and having a base conforming to the shape
of the body portion and flaps mounted on the said
guide wing in two planes at an angle to each
40 other.
9. A ?ying machine, comprising a body portion,
supporting planes connected to said portion, a
rigid guide wing, havir'. an area approximately
equal to that of a supporting plane and being
secured to the body portion in the region of the
supporting planes in an upwardly vextending po
sition and horizontal ?aps carried by said guide
wing and adapted to be turned about an angle
of more than 90° in directions transverse to their
surfaces.
,
-
10
10. A ?ying machine, comprising a. body por
tion, supporting planes connected to said portion,
a rigid guide wing, having an area approximately
equal to that of a supporting plane and being se
cured to the body portion in the region of the 15
supporting planes in an upwardly extending posi
tion, two horizontal ?aps carried by said guide
wing and adapted to be turned about an angle of
more than 90° in directions transverse to their
surfaces and two vertical ?aps carried by said 20
guide wing pivotally mounted with their front
edge to said guide wing and adapted to be con
trolled by the operator.
11. A ?ying machine, comprising a body por
tion, supporting planes connected to said portion, 25
a rigid guide wing, having an area approximately
equal to that of a supporting plane and being
secured to the body portion in the region of the
supporting planes in an upwardly extending po
sition, two horizontal ?aps carried by said guide 30
wing and adapted to be turned about an angle of
more than 90° in directions transverse to their
surfaces, two vertical ?aps carried by said guide
wing pivotally mounted at their front edges on
said guide wing and adapted to be controlled by 35
the operator, and two other vertical flaps, ex
tending to the base of said guide wing and adapted
to be controlled by said operator.
CHARLES ROGER ANNE MARIE D! ROUGE.
40
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