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Патент USA US2120068

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June 7‘, 1938.
F.v c. GRISWOLD
. 2,120,068 '
FISHLINE REEL
Filed May '7, 1936 v
2 Sheet-s-Sheet 2
VENTOR
ATTORNEYS .
Patented June 7, 1938 "
2,120,068 *
vlnynsnsT OFFICE
UNITED ‘STATES
‘ ,'
2,120,088 rrsmms'asan
‘
Frederick C. Griswold, PortJefferson, N. Y.
Application'May ‘i, 1936, Serial No."18,305
210laims.= (01. 242-845)
,My'invention relates to'that type of?sh, line. cross shaft when: the manually operated friction
' reel which connects the fore and butt portions of" ‘clutch; to ‘be hereinafter- described, -is applied,
~This s'pool'in the present instance comprises the _ _
a ?shing rod.
’
'
. '
.
The object of my invention is to produce a
5 novel ?sh line reel which'will besimple, strong'
and rigid and in which only two controls for the
reel are necessary, one being a novel‘ manually'
following elements;
. -' A cylindrical sleeve’ 8 of large diameter con-l
'nects end plates 9 and. III, which end plates. are -
developed. into ?anges II and" extending be
yond the cylindrical sleeve 8 for retaining the
operated. friction clutch for controlling the reel
spool and the other a hand crank' which, when . line wound ‘on the spool.
inner faces of the side plates-l and 2 of
10 operated in winding, automatically increases its theThe
casing are providedwith inwardly directed
leverage on the spool as the pull on the line
10
' annular ?anges l8 and it which overlap and ‘
increases.
,‘ A further object is to provide certain improve
serve as guards for the. peripheral edges of the
ments in the various parts of the reel whereby its spool?anges H‘ and‘ H to prevent the ?sh line 15
from riding over the ?anges.
15 effectiveness is materially enhanced.
The side plate I’ of the casing has a central
l My invention comprises a. ?sh line reel in which
recess
l5 within which is located a one-way brake
there are provided both a manually operated fric
for locking the cross shaft to the casing against
tion clutch for connecting the spool to the cross
shaft on which it is rotatably mounted, and also
20 means forlocking the cross shaft to the reel
casing against reverse rotation.
\A practical embodiment of my invention is
represented in the accompanying drawings, in
which
Fig. 1 represents a detail top plan view of the
25 reel and its adjoining fore and butt portions of
the rod;
.
reverse rotation. This ‘one-way brake is herein
represented as a roller brake, the rollers Hi there
of working between the side walls of the recess
I5 and the cam walls on the inner face of a disc
H which is ?xed to‘ the cross shaft 1 on which
the spool is rotatably mounted.
‘
'
A hand crank I8 is‘ pivoted eccentrically on 25.
the disc» II ‘as follows:
_
_' The 'hub of the hand crank has an annular
recess l8 and a hollow stud .20, which stud is
Fig. 2 represents a detail view of one side of the mounted in a projection H‘ on the outer face of
same, thehand crank being shown in full‘ lines , the disc H. A coil spring 2| is located in said
30
in its normal fully retracted position, and in
3
recess i9 and engages the projection l1‘ and the.
dotted lines in its fully extended position;
Fig. 3 represents a detail view of the opposite hand crank to normally yieldingly hold the hand
crank in v'its- retracted position with its shank
side of the reel and its adjacent rod portions, the ;extendingacr‘oss
the'axis-of the winding spool.f
housing for some of the spool friction clutch oper
A
cover
22
‘serves
to close the outer side of this‘
ating parts being shown in section;
l9.
Fig.4 represents a longitudinal centralsection. 'recess
The manually operated friction clutchhfor con-_
taken in the plane'of the linev IV>-'-IV of Fig, 2, necting the spool'to the cross shaft is herein
looking in the'direction of thearrows:
I
as aradially movable clutch carried by
Fig. 5 represents a longitudinal section, taken shown
the cross shaft, which clutch is located within
40 in the plane ‘of the line V--¢V of ‘Fig. 1, looking ‘in the cylindricallsleeve 8_'of the spool, said friction
' the
' Fig.
direction
6 represents
of thea arrows;
detail section, partly broken clutch comprising a shoe 23 yieldingly held away
away, taken in ‘the plane of they line- VI-VIof " -~from'its- frictional ‘contact with the inner face .
the [spool sleeve 8 by spring means“ carried‘ ‘
Fig. 1, looking in'the direction of the arrows; and of
45 Fig"? represents a detail section, .taken in the}; by‘ a sleeve 25‘ ?xed to the cross shaft ‘I, as, for
plane ‘of the line VII-_-VII of Fig. 1, iooking'in the
direction of the arrows.
'
V
'
instance, by the‘set ‘screw 28. a.
-
, . The manually operated frictionclutch control .
Y
The reel casing' comprises, generally, the side ' means is herein shown. as comprising a finger: plates l and 2 and the front and rearv radially a slide 21‘ on the top of the front tubular exten- _
_sion'8 of the reel'casing in position to be read
O alined tubular extensions 3 and ‘,which exten
sions are ?tted to receive‘thel fore and-butt pora, My operated by the. thumb of the user, which slide
tions- 8 and 6 of a ?shing rod. Thereel casing may be operatively connected to, the friction T Y
clutch by the following elements; .'
thus‘ forms a connectionibetw'eenzthe. said par
tions of‘the ?shing rod.
55
-.
‘
I
>
A rod 28- within the said‘ tubular front exten
A cross shaft 1- which intersects thelongitudh . sion 3 connects the‘?nger slide 21‘ with a bar
nai- axis of. the ?shing rod is rotatably mounted
in the side plates l and I of the reel casing. The.
lll‘slidable’on the side plate 2 of the reel cas
ing, which bar. is provided with a yielding cam
tween the side-plates l and 2 is lrotatably mount
lever- 8| pivoted in the side walls of'a housing
32 secured to the outer face of the side plate '2.
reel spool which is locatedlwithin the casing be- . extension 30 engaging the outer arm of a rock.
gon edon the cross shaft 1 and it is connected to-the'
2
2,120,068
The inner arm of this rock lever ll engages the'
outer end of a pin '38 slidable lengthwise in the
cross shaft 1, the other end ‘of which pin en
2. In a ?sh line reel, a casingka cross shaft
rotatable therein, a hollow spool rotatable on
the cross "shaft, means for locking the cross
shaft to the casing against reverse rotation, a
friction clutch located within the spool and at
tached to the cross shaft, meansvfor bringing
gages one arm of a bell crank lever ll pivoted
on the sleeve 15 ?xed to the cross shaft. ' The '
other arm of this bell-crank lever 34 engages a
‘ projection 35 on the clutch‘ shoe I3.
,
-
the friction clutch-into more or less frictional .
To facilitate the handling of the reel when
combined with its rod I have provided the reel
casing with a hollow hand grip 38 extending along
the bottom of the front extension 3 from the side
plates l_and 2,iwhich hand grip
Y
serves also as‘
a brace. for the said extension ii The channel
through the grip serves as a passage for the ?sh
line on its way to and from' the spool. ‘
contact with the spool, and a variable throw hand
'
It will be observed-that the side plates'l and
' 2, the front and rear extensions .3 and 4, the I
?anges l3 and I4 and the hand grip 38 are all
formed integral, thereby materially simplifying
the structure as well as rendering the same much
crank carried by the cross shaft.
'
3. In a ?sh line reel, ‘a casing, a'cross shaft
rotatable therein, a spool rotatable on the cross
shaft, a‘ friction clutch carried by the cross shaft,
means'for bringing the friction clutch into more
or less frictional contact with the spool, and an
eccentrically mounted hand crank yieldingly car
ried by the cross shaft.
'
4. Ina ?slrline reel,‘a casing, a cross shaft
rotatable therein, a spool rotatable onthe cross
shaft, means for lockingthe cross shaft to the
casing against reverse rotation, a friction clutch 20.
more rigid than. where the several parts ‘have; . carried
by the cross shaft, means for bringing
to be secured together by additional devices.
_
the friction clutch into more or less frictional
It will be seen that I have provided two very contact 'with the spool, and an eccentrically'
effective controls for the spool, one forthe un
‘mounted hand .crank yieldingly carried by the
winding of the spool and one for the winding of 4
the same.v
'
“
cross shaft.
_
_
‘
.
5. In a ?sh line reel, a casing, a c'rossnshaft
rotatable therein, a hollow spool rotatable on the
With reference to the winding control it will
bepseen that'when there is no. load on the line
the line may be drawn in rapidly because of the
30 large diameter of the spool sleeveon which the
line is wound and also because of the short throw
of the normally retracted hand crank. It will
be noted that as the load 'on the ,line increases
cross shaft, a radially movable friction clutch
attached to the cross shaft and located within the
spool, and manually operated means for bringing 30
the friction clutch into more or less frictional
contact with the spool.
‘ the throw of the ha'nd,crank,is automatically in- '
6; In a ?sh line reel, a casing, alongitudinally ‘
grooved shaft rotatable therein, a hollow spool
rotatable
on, the shaft, a radially movable fric
nection with the cross shaft 1 by‘ the coil spring
2! and because, of the normal position of the ntion clutch attached to the shaft and located
hand crank across the axis of the spool. It will within the spool, and '-ma.nually operated means ,
for bringing the clutch into more or less fric
also be observed that the usual geared connec
~40 tion between the hand crank and the spool is tional contact with the spool, said means includ
ing mechanisms external to and within the ,spool 40
' . eliminated. ‘It will furthermore be seen that the
and a slidable member in the shaft groove for
‘one-way brake will automatically lock the cross connecting’
said mechanisms.
shaft to the casing to prevent the reverse rota
7. In a .?sh_ line reel, a casing, a cross shaft
tion of the cross shaft, which one-way brake 'is
rotatable therein, a hollow spool rotatable on the
effectively mounted withinthe'central recess I! cross
shaft, an internal friction sleeve forming a
in the side plate i of the reel casing.
,
With reference to the manually operated means part of the hollow spool, a'radially movable fric
for controlling the friction clutch to connect the tion clutch carried by the cross shaft andllocated
spool to the cross shaft it, will be seen that when within the spool sleeve-and manually operated
35 creased because of its eccentric and yielding con
50
the ?nger slide}? is fully advanced the spool , means for bringing the friction clutch into more
may unwind freely. .As the slide Z‘I-is retracted or'less frictional contact with the spool sleeve. 50 f
8. In a ?sh line reel, a casing, a cross shaft.
the frictional effect on the spool is increased .up
to the‘ full capacity of the friction clutc'h.
" - rotatable therein, a hollow spool rotatable on the
cross shaft,’ 9. ‘one-waybrake interposed between
It will be noted that a yielding operative con
‘the cross shaft and casing to lock the cross shaft
vagainst
reverse rotation, an internal friction 53
and the friction ‘clutch, i. e., the carn'extension sleeve forming
a part of the spool, a radially mov
' ,30' of the bar 28, thereby preventing a harsh or
undue binding effect of the clutchv shoe when able friction clutch carried by the cross shaft
nection is provided between theflnger slide #1
moved radially into contact with the inner wall “ .and located within the spool sleeve, and ,manu- -
of the cylindrical sleeve I by the retraction of
the ?nger slide 21.
.
.
.
It isevident that various changes may be re
05
the spool sleeve.
_
'
g '
a .9. In a ?sh line reel, a casing having side plates
1 and front and vrear. tubular extensions ?tted to
sorted to in the‘construction, form ‘and arrange
parts without departing from l'receive the fore and butt portions of a ?shing
‘ the spirit and scope of myinve‘ntion, and hence ; rod, across shaft rotatably mounted in the side
I do not intend to be limited‘ to the particular
'
'
' plates, a hollow spool rotatableon the cross shaft,
embodiment herein shown and
described. .
a friction clutch carried by the cross shaft and
‘ ment of. the several
'WhatIclairnis:__-
.
.t,
_ 1. In a ?sh line reel, a casing,.a shaft. rotat- .
able therein, a hollow spool rotatable on the
shaft, a friction clutch attached ,to the shaft and
located within the spool, means for bringing the ,
friction clutch into more or less frictionallcon
76
ally operated-means for bringing‘ ther friction "
clutchv‘into' more or less frictional contact v‘with 60
tactwith thespool, ‘and a variable throw hand
crank carried by the shaft.
_
_
-'
'
as
located within the spool, and a ?nger slide
mounted on the front tubular extension and con-‘
nected to. the friction clutch for bringing the fric 70
tionclutch into more or less frictional contact
with the
spool.
'
’
_
,
'
10. In a ?sh line reel, a casing having side
plates, and‘ front and‘ rear tubular extensions
?tted to receive the fore and butt. portions of a
3
2,190,088
?shing rod, 9. cross shaft rotatably mounted in
mounted on the front " tubular extension and ‘
‘the side plates, a hollow spool rotatable on the
cross shaft,.an internal friction sleeve forming
a part of the hollow spool, a friction clutch car
ried by the cross shaft and located within the.
spool sleeve, a ?nger slide mounted onlthe front
tubular extension and means connecting the ?n
ger slide to the friction clutch for bringing the
friction clutch into more or less frictional con
10 tact with the spool sleeve.
,
,
11. In a ?sh line reel, a casing having side
I plates and front and rear tubular extensions
?tted to receive the fore and butt portions of a
?shing rod, a cross shaft rotatably mounted in
the side plates, a 'hollow spool rotatable on the
cross shaft, means for locking the cross shaft to
one of the side plates against reverse rotation, ,
a friction clutch, carried by the cross shaft and
yieldingly connected to the friction clutch for
bringing the friction clutch into more or less
frictional contact with the spool.
'
'
.
_.
16. In a ?sh} line reel, a casing having side
plates and front and rear tubular .extensions
?tted to receive the fore and butt portions of a
?shing rod, a cross shaft rotatably mounted in
the side plates, _a hollow spool rotatable on the
cross shaft, anlinternal friction sleeve forming a. 10
part of-the hollow spool, means for locking the
cross shaft to one of the side plates against re
verse rotation, a friction clutch carried by the
cross shaft and located within the spool‘ sleeve,
a finger slide mounted on the front tubular ex
tension and means 'yieldingly connecting the fin
ger slide to the friction c'lutch for- bringing the
friction clutch into more or less frictional‘ con
_. located within the spool, and a ?nger slide mount
tact with the spool sleeve.
‘ ed on ‘the front tubular extension and connected
end plates, a casing therefor comprising spaced
side plates, the inner'faces of which are provided‘
with inwardly directed annular ?anges which'
overlap and'serve as guards for the peripheral
edges of the ?anged end plates of the spool, and
to the-friction clutch for bringing the friction
clutch into moreor less frictional contact with
the spool.
_
,12.,In a ?sh line reel, a casing having side
>
17. In a ?sh line reel,'a spool having ?anged 20
plates and‘ front and rear tubular extensions ' front and rear tubular extensions located beyond
?tted to‘ receive the fore and butt portions of a
.25
' ?shing rod, a cross shaft rotatably mounted in
the side plates, a hollow spool rotatable on the
cross shaft,»an internal friction sleeve forming
30 .a part of the hollow spool, means for locking'the
cross shaft to one of the side plates against re
verse rotation, a friction clutch carried by the .
cross shaft and located within the spool sleeve,‘
a ?nger slide mounted on the front tubular ex
tension and means connecting the ?nger slide
the inwardly-directed annular ?anges and ?tted
to receive the fore and butt portions of a ?shing
rod, the casing side plates, the inwardly directed
annular ?anges and the front‘ and rear'tubular
extensions being all formed integral.
18. In a?sh line reel, a spool, a casing‘there
for comprising spaced side plates, front and rear
tubular extensions, and a hollow hand grip ex
tending from the side plates along the under side
of the front extension, said side plates, front and
to the friction clutch for bringing the friction ‘rear
tubular extensions and hand grip being
clutch into more or less- frictional contact with
formed integral.
,
the spool sleeve.
19. In a ?sh line reel, a spool having end plate
13. In a ?shline reel, a casing having side ?anges, a casing for the spool comprising spaced 40
plates and front and rear tubular extensions side plates having inwardly directed - annular
?tted to receive'the fore and butt portions of a ?anges overlapping the peripheral edges-of the
- ?shing rod, a cross shaftjrotatably mounted in
spool ?anges, front and rear tubular extensions,
the side plates, a hollow spool rotatable on the and a hollow hand grip extending along the
' cross shaft, a friction clutch carried by the cross
shaft and located within the spool, and a ?nger under side of the front tubular extension, said
Side plates,‘ inwardly directed annular ?anges,
slide mounted on the front tubular extension and front and rear tubular extensions and hollow
yieldingly connected to the friction clutch for hand grip being all formed integral.
bringing the friction clutch into more or less .
frictional contact with the spool. ~-
50
_
14. In a ?sh line reel, a casing having side
20. A ?sh line reel comprising a spool, a casing '
therefor, a friction clutch located withinthe 50
spool, a ?ngerv slide on the casing, and means
plates and front and rear tubular extensions operatively connecting the‘ friction clutch and
?tted toreceive the fore and butt portions‘ of a slide, said means comprising a bell crank lever
?shing rod,.a cross shaft rotatably mounted in within
the spool, a second lever on the'casing, an
the side plates, a hollow spool rotatable on the axially movable pin operatively connecting the
cross shaft, an internal friction sleeve forming said levers, a slide bar on the casing engaging
a part of the hollow spool, a friction clutch car
ried by the cross shaft and located within the the second lever, and a rod operatively connect
slide-bar with the ?nger slide.
spool sleeve‘, a ?nger slide mounted on the front ing21.the
A ?sh line reel comprising a spool, a casing
tubular extension and means yieldingly connect
therefor, a friction clutch located within the 60
60 ing the ?nger slide to the friction clutch for spool, a ?nger slide on the casing, and yielding
bringing the friction clutch into more or less Imeans operatively connecting the friction clutch '
frictional contact with the spool sleeve.
15. In a ?sh line reel, a casing having side and slide, said means comprisinga bell crank
lever within the spool, a second lever on the cas
plates and front and rear tubular extensions ing,
an axially movable pin operatively connect
65 ?tted to receive the fore and butt portions of .a ing the said levers, a slide baron the casing hav
?shing rod, a cross shaft rotatably mounted in
a camspring engaging the second leverfand
the side plates,‘ a hollow spool rotatable on the ‘ ing
a rod operatively connecting the slide bar with
cross shaft, means for locking the cross shaft to
one of the side plates against reverse rotation, a
friction clutch can‘ied by the cross shaft and
located within the, spool, and a ?nger slide
the ?nger slide. ’
‘FREDERICK
GRISWOLD._
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