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Патент USA US2120069

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June 7; 1938.,
2,120,069
F. cl GRISWOLD
FISHLINE REEL
Filed Jan. 21, 1937
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
J16 r——
67
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7
4 ; I'NVENTOR
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i :_
BY
ATTORNEYS
k
June 7, 1938.
F. C.-.GRI$WOLD
2,120,069
FISHLINE REEL
Filed Jan. 21, 1937
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
. ‘ INVENTOF:
ATTORNEYS '
Patented June 7, 1938
2,120,069
UNITED STATES
FATENT OFFI€EJ
2,120,069
v
_
FISHLINE
REEL
‘
Frederick (J. Griswold, Port Jefferson, N. Y.
Application January 21, 1937, Serial No. 121,511
23 Claims.
vThe object of my invention is to produce a
line wound on the spool.
reel are necessary, one being a manually oper
vided with inwardly directed annular ?anges I3‘,
and M which overlap and serve as, guards for the 5
peripheral edges of the spool end plate ?anges H
and IE .to prevent the ?sh line from riding over
the spool ?anges.
'
A practical embodiment of my invention is
represented in the accompanying drawings, in
which
.
Fig. 1 represents a top plan view of the reel
and its adjoining fore and butt portions of the
?shing rod;
'
Fig. 2 represents a detail view of one side of
the same, the hand crank being shown in full
lines at the limit of its inward movement and in
dotted lines at the limit of its outward move
ment;
.
..
Fig. 3 represents a vdetail view of the opposite
side of the reel and its adjacent rod portions, the
housing for some of the spool friction clutch op
erating parts being shown in section;
25
.
ated in winding, automatically increases its lever~
creases.
20
.
The side plates l and 2 of the casing are pro
and the other a hand crank which, when oper
age on the spoolshaft as the pull on. the line in
la
yond the cylindrical sleeve 8 for retaining the
novel ?sh line reel which will ‘be simple‘, strong
and rigid and in which only two controls for the
5 ated friction clutch for controlling the reel spool
10
(01. 242-845)
,
'
Fig. 1.1; represents alongitudinal central section
The side plate I of the casing has .a central re- I’
cess it within which there is located a one-way ‘F0
clutch for locking the cross shaft 1 to the casing
against reverse rotation. This one-way clutch is
herein represented as a roller clutch, the rollers
itv working between the side walls of the central
recess. t5 and the cam walls of the inner face of 15
a disc H, which is ?xed tothe cross shaft 7! .on
which the spool is rotatably‘mounted, as for in- / .
stance by shrinking 'the disc on said, cross shaft.
.A handcrank for controlling the operation of I _
the spool is herein shown as comprising a hous- ‘520
ing l8 and its handle .19, said housing having a
rack 20' which meshes with a pinion 2| fast on
the cross shaft 1, which pinion is located within
the said housing IS. A plate .22 is rotatably n
mounted onrthe cross shaft 1 between .the disc “25
taken in the plane of the line IV-‘IV of. Fig. 2,
looking in the direction. of the arrows;
vFig. 5 represents a longitudinal central section
taken in the plane of the line V-—V of Fig.’ 1,
30 looking in the direction of the arrows;
Fig. 6 represents a detail section, partly broken
away,..taken in the plane .of the line
of
Fig. 4, looking in the direction of the arrows;
Fig. '7 represents a detail section taken in
35 the plane of the line VII--VII of Fig. 1‘, looking
in the direction of the arrows; and
Fig. 8 represents a detail cross section taken
in the plane of the line VIII—-VIII of Fig. 6, look
ing in the direction of the arrows.
l‘! andthe pinion 2|, which plate is located with
'49
of the housing and the lip 25. of the plate 22.
The reel casing comprises,.generally, the side
in the housing and serves to guide the handcrank
in its outward and inward movements across the
axis of the cross shaft Tl. To insure this move
with
ment inwardly
the housing
turned
of the
flanges‘
hand 23;
.crankis
24 sliding
provided
.be
tween the disc l’! and the plate 22.
.._
The means which. I have shown foryieldingly
holding the hand crank at the limit of its inward V I
movement with the handle .19 retracted ‘is as 235
follows: the plate 22 is provided with a lip 25
from whichlprojects the pins .26, 21 slidable in
the end plate 28 of the .housing 18. Coil springs
29, .38 are interposed‘between the end plate 28
'40
plates I, 2 and the front and rear radially alined'
tubular extensions 3 and’ 4, which extensions are
?tted to receive the fore and .butt portions 5 and
turned in one, direction it will be moved outwardly
against the tension of the spring‘ means-asv the
6 of the ?shing ,rod.
pull on the line and consequently on the crank "
<
-
’
‘45
A cross shaft‘! is rotatably mounted in the side
plates 1 and 2 of the reel casing. The reel spool
which is located within the casing between the
side plates l and 2 is rotatably mounted on the
cross shaft 1 and it is frictionally connected to
'59 the cross shaft when the manually operated fric
tion clutch, toibe hereinafter described, is applied.
This spool, in the present instance, comprises the
following elements: A cylindrical sleeve 8 of large
diameter connects end plates 9 and III which are
55 developed into ?anges H and I2 extending ‘be
It will thus'be seen that as the vhand .crank is
shaft increases, saidspring means serving to move ‘45
‘the hand crank inwardly Yes. the pull thereon de
creases.
-
,
.
The ‘manually operated frictionelutch for con-.
necting the spool to the cross shaft ‘I with more
or less friction, as desired, is herein shown as an "50
expanding clutch carried by the cross shaft, which
clutch is located within the cylindrical sleeve 8
of the spool, said friction clutch comprising .a
shoe‘ 3| yieldingly held away from its frictional
contactwith-the inner‘ face of the spool‘ sleeve'8 5'55
2
2,120,069
,
by spring means 32 carried by a sleeve 33 ?xed
to the cross shaft 1, as for instance, by the set
screw
34.-
.
_
~
.
,
fast thereon, a hand orank'having a rack mesh
Y
_ The manually operated friction clutch control
means is herein shown as comprising a ?nger
slide 35'on the top of the front tubular extension
3 of the reel casing in position to be readily op
erated by the thumb of the. user, which slide may
' be operatively connected to the friction clutch by
10
What I claim is:
- 1. In a ?sh line reel, a spool shaft, a pinion
ing with the pinion, spring means forcontrolé
ling the outward and inward movement ,of the
hand crank as the pull thereon increases and
decreases, and means rotatably mounted on the
spool shaft for guiding the hand crank in its.
outward and inward movements.“
the following elements: A rod 36 within the said
tubular front extension3 connects the ?nger slide
35 with. a bar 31 slidable on the side ‘plate 2. of
the reel casing, which bar is provided with a
operated friction ‘clutch carried by the cross shaft
for frictionally engaging the spool, a pinion fast
yielding cam extension 38 engaging the outer
on the cross shaft, a hand crank having a rack
2. In a fish line reel, a rotatable cross shaft, av
spool rotatable on the cross shaftfa manually
meshing with the pinion, and‘ spring means for
15 arm of a rock lever 39 pivoted in the sidewalls
controlling the outward and inward movement of
of a housing 40 secured to the outerrface' of the
side‘ plate 2. ‘The inner arm of this rock lever ' the hand crank as the pull thereon increases and
39 engages the outer end of a pin 4| slidable
lengthwise of theqcrossshaft ‘I, the other end of
which pin engages one arm of a bell crank leverv
V 42 pivoted. on the sleeve 33 ?xed to the cross shaft
1. "The otherarm of this bell crank lever 42
engages’ a projection 43' on the clutch shoe 3!.
: To, facilitate the handling ofthe reel when
25
combined with its rod I'have provided the reel
casing with a hollow, hand grip 44 extending
along the bottom of the front extension 3 from
the side plates l and 2, which hand grip serves
also as a brace for the said' front extension 3.
30 The channel through the" hollow hand grip serves
as a passage’ for the ?sh line on its way'to and
from the
spool.
'
f
I
-
‘
I
-
'
3. In a ?sh line reel, a rotatable cross shaft,
means for automatically locking it against reverse .20
rotation, a spool rotatable on the cross shaft,
a manually operated friction clutch carried by
the cross shaft for frictionally engaging the spool,
apinion fast on the cross shaft, a hand crank
having a rack meshing. with the pinion, and 25
spring means for controlling the outward and
inward movement of the hand crank as the ‘pull
thereon increases and decreases.
‘
4. In a ?shlin‘e ‘reel, arotatable'cross shaft, '3
a spool rotatable on the cross shaft, a manually
operated friction clutch carried by the cross‘shaft
' for frictionally engaging the spool, a pinion fast‘ .
'
With reference to the ‘winding control it, will
be seen that when there is no load on thev line
if, ‘35 the line may be woundin rapidly because vof the
large‘ diameter-of thespool sleeve on which the
on the cross shaft, a hand crank havingla rack
meshing with the pinion, spring means for con
trolling the outward and inward ‘movement of the ,; .
line is wound and also becauseof the short throw
hand crank ‘as the pull thereon increases and
decreases, and means for guiding the h'andicrank
of the handle of the normally retracted hand
in its outward and inward movements.
, crank.
L; 4.0
decreases.
It willalso be noted that as the load on,
the line increases the throw of the handle of the
hand crank is automatically'increased because‘of
its geared connection with the, cross shaft 1.
‘It vwill furthermore be seen that the one-way
5. In a ?shrline reel,ar rotatable cross shaft, _'
means for automatically lockingit against re
ried by the cross shaft for frictionally engaging
. ‘clutch will automatically lock the cross shaft to
the spool, a pinion fast on thecross shaft, a hand
the casing to prevent the reverse-rotation of the
cross shaft,.which clutch is mounted within the
centralrecess 15 in the side plate I of the reel
spring means for controlling the‘outwardgand
casing."
'
r
.
in
verse rotation, a spool rotatable, on the cross.
shaft, a manually operatedfri'ction clutch car- 1‘
crank having a rack meshing with the pinion,‘
inward movement of the hand ‘crank as the pull
thereon increases andjdecreases, and means for .
‘
With reference to the manually operated means
7 for, controlling the friction clutch to frictionally
'
guiding the hand crank in its outwardrand in- p
ward movements.
5,0
6. In a ?sh line reel, a ‘rotatable: cross shaft, a "
spool rotatable on the cross shaft, a ‘manually’
1 operated friction clutch carried by the cross shaft
connect the ,spool tothe cross shaft, it will be
seen that when the ?ngerslide 35 is fully ad
vanced, i. e., moved away from the spool, the
spool may unwindrfreely. As the slide 35 is re» for frictionallyengaging the spool, a pinion fast
.55 tracted the frictional effect on the' spool is‘ in¢v on the cross shaft, a hand crank having 'a, rack
creased up’ to the full capacity of the friction ‘ meshing with the pinion,>spring means for con
trolling the outward and inward movement of the
It will also be noted that a yielding element is hand crank as the pull thereon increases and de
provided between the ?nger slide 35 and the creases, and means rotatably,m_ounted on the
-60 friction clutch, i. e.; ‘the. cam extension 38 of the I spool shaft for guiding the hand crank in its out
clutch.
‘
r
I
‘
.
bar 31, thereby preventing a harsh or undue bind
ing effect of the clutch shoewhen expanded into
7 frictional contact with the inner-‘wall of the
'
~
'7. In a ?sh line reel, a rotatable cross ‘shaft,
means for automatically'lecking it against reverse -
cylindrical sleeve -8 of the spool by the retraction
rotation, a s'pool‘rotatabl'efon 'thecross shaft, “a 5 '
of the ?nger slide 35.
manually operated friction clutch'carried‘ by .thev .65
'
The parts of the reel shown and described,
but not ‘claimed herein, form the subject matter
of my copending application ?led May 7, 1936,
Serial No. 78,305.
70
I ward and inward movements.
‘
'
'
~ It is evident that various changes ‘maybe re
cross shaft for ‘frictionally engaginglthe spool, a
pinion fast on the cross shaft, a ‘hand crank
having a rack meshing, with the pinion, spring
‘means for controllingthe outward andinward
movement of the hand crank as the pull thereon : ,
sorted to in the construction, form and arrange
increases and decreasesand means rotatably
ment of the'several parts Without departing from > mounted on the spool shaft for guiding the hand. ‘
the spirit and scope of my invention, andhence crank in its outward andinward movements; ,
I do not intend to be limited to the particular
8,.In a'fish line reel, a casing,_ a cross shaft
embodiment herein shown and described, but - rotatably mounted ,thereinj; a ' spool rotatably:
:3
2,120,069
mounted on the cross shaft, a manuallyloperated
friction clutch carried by the cross shaft for
frictionally engaging the spool, a pinion on the
‘cross shaft, a hand crank having a rack meshing
with ‘the pinion to move the hand crank radially
outwardly as the pull thereon increases, and
spring means for moving the hand crank in
wardly as the pull decreases.
'
, 9._In a fish line reel, acasing; a cross shaft
rotatably mounted therein, means for locking the
cross shaft to the casing against reverse rotation,
a spool rotatably mounted on the cross shaft, a
a rack meshing with'the said pinion to move the I
hand crank outwardly as the pull thereon in
creases, spring means for moving the hand crank
inwardly as the pull decreases, and a plate ro
ytatably mounted on the cross shaft for slidably .
0
guiding the housing inits outward and inward
movements.
=
.
>
'
'
I
i I? 17:51
'15. In a ?sh line reel, ‘a’ casing, a cross shaft
rotatably mounted therein, means for locking the
cross shaft to the easingv against reverse rota
tion, a spool rotatably mounted on the cross shaft,
a manually operated friction clutch carried by
the cross shaft for frictionally engaging the spool,
manually operated friction clutch carried by the
cross shaft for frictionally engaging the spool, a pinion on the ‘cross shaft, a hand crankcomg- ‘
.15 a pinion ‘on the cross shaft, a hand crank having
prising. a housing having a rack- meshing with
arackmeshing with the pinion to move the hand the said pinion to move the hand crank out-7
crank radially outwardly as the ‘pull thereon in? wardiy as the pull thereon increases, spring means
creases, and spring means for moving the hand for moving the hand crank inwardly as the pull
crank inwardly as the pull decreases. decreases, and a plate rotatably mounted ‘on the
20
10. In a ?sh line reel, a casing, a cross shaft
cross shaft for slidably guiding the housing in its 5120
rotatably ‘mounted therein, av spool rotatably outward and inward movements.v
»
mounted on the :crossshaft, a manually operated
friction clutch carried by the cross- shaft for
frictionally engaging the spool, a pinion on the
cross shaft, a hand crank having a rack meshingr
with the pinion to move the hand crank radially
outwardly as the pull thereon increases, spring
16. In a ?sh line reel, a casing, a cross shaft
rotatably mounted therein, a spool rotatably
rotatably mounted therein, means for locking
mounted on the cross shaft, a manually operated
friction clutch carried by the cross shaft for 1125
frictionally engaging the spool, a pinion on ‘the
cross shaft, a hand crank comprising a housing
having a rack meshing with the said pinion to
move the hand crank outwardlyias the pull there
on increases, spring means for moving the hand
crank inwardly as the pull decreases, and a plate
rotatably mounted on the cross‘ shaft for slidably
vthe cross shaft to the casing against reverse ro
tation, a spool rotatably mounted on the cross
guiding the housing in its outward and inward
movements, said spring means being inter-posed
shaft, a manually operated friction clutch carried
by the cross shat for frictionally engaging the
between said plate and housing.
means for moving the hand crank inwardly as
the pull decreases, and means for guiding the
36?. hand crank in its outward and inward movements.
.11. In a ?sh line reel, a casing, a cross shaft
spool, a pinion on the cross shaft, a hand crank
having a rack meshing with the pinion to move
the hand crank radially outwardly as the pull
40 thereon increases, spring means for moving the
hand crank inwardly as the pull decreases, and
means for guiding the hand crank in its outward
and inward movements.
-
17. In a ?sh line ree1,- a casing, a cross shaft’
rotatably mounted therein, means for locking the
cross shaft to the casing against reverse rotation,
a spool rotatably mounted on the cross shaft, a
manually operated friction clutch carried by the 40
cross shaft for frictionally engaging the spool,
a pinion on the cross shaft, a handy crank com
friction clutch carried by the cross shaft for
frictionally engaging the spool, a pinion on the
cross shaft, a hand crank having a rack meshing
50 with the pinion to move the hand crank radially
prising a housing having a rack meshing with
the said pinion to move the hand crank out
wardly as the pull thereon increases, spring
means for moving the hand crank inwardly as
the pull decreases, and a plate rotatably mount
ed on the cross shaft for slidably guiding the
housing in its outward and inward movements,
said spring means being interposed between said
outwardlyv as the pull thereon increases, spring
plate and housing,
means for moving the hand crank inwardly as the
pull decreases, and means rotatably mounted on
rotatably mounted therein, a spool rotatably
12. In a ?sh line reel, a casing, a cross shaft
45 rotatably mounted thenein, a spool rotatably
mounted on the cross shaft, a manually operated
the spool shaft for guiding the hand crank in’
55 its outward and inward movements.
13. In a ?sh line reel, a casing, a cross shaft
rotatably mounted therein, means for locking the
cross shaft to the casing against reverse rotation,
a spool rotatably mounted on the cross shaft, a
manually operated friction clutch carried by the
cross shaft for frictionally engaging the spool,
a pinion on the cross shaft, a hand crank having
a rack meshing with the pinion to move the hand
crank radially outwardly as the pull thereon in
65 creases, spring means for moving the hand crank
inwardly as the pull decreases, and means rotat
ably mounted on the spool shaft for guiding the
hand crank in its outward and inward move
ments.
70
'
14. In a ?sh line reel, a casing, a cross shaft
50
18. In a ?sh line reel, a casing’, a cross shaft‘
mounted on the cross shaft, a manually operated
friction clutch carried by the cross shaft for 55
frictionally engaging the spool, a pinion on the
cross shaft, a hand crank comprising a housing
having a rack meshing with the said pinion to
move the hand crank outwardly as the pull
thereon increases, spring means for moving the 60'
hand crank inwardly as the pull decreases, and
a plate‘ rotatably mounted on the cross shaft for
slidably guiding the housing in its outward and
inward movements, said spring means compris
ing a pin projecting from the plate and slidable
in the housing and a coil spring surrounding the -
pin and interposed between the plate and hous
111%.
19. In a ?sh line reel, a casing, a cross shaft ’
rotatably mounted therein, a spool rotatably
rotatably mounted therein, means for locking
the crossshaft to the casing against reverse ro
mounted on the cross shaft, a manually operated
friction clutch carried by the cross shaft for fric
tionally engaging the spool, a pinion on the cross
tation, a spool rotatably mounted on the cross
shaft, a manually operated friction clutch car
76 shaft, a hand crank comprising a housing having
45
ried by the cross shaft for frictionally engaging
the spool, a pinion on the cross shaft, a hand 75
'
,4,
2,120,069
Vicrank comprising a housing having a rack mesh
' ing with the said pinion to move the hand crank
outwardly as the pull thereon increases, spring
means for moving the hand'rcrank inwardly as
the pull decreases, and a plate rotatablymounted
'onlthe cross shaft for slidably guiding the hous
_
7
means for moving the hand crank inwardlyas ‘
the pull decreases, and a plate rotatably'mounted
von the cross shaft for slidably guiding the hous
ing in its outward and inward movements, said 7
spring means comprising a pair’ of‘pins project» \
ing from’ the plate and slidable in'the ‘housing
ing in its outward and ‘inward movements, said ' and coil springs surrounding the, pins and inter
I
r
spring means comprising a pin projecting from posed between the'plat'e and housing». ,
the plate and slidable in the housing and a coil
10
spring surroundingthe'pin and interposed be
tween the plate and housing.
'
' 20. In a ?sh- line reel,ra casing, a cross shaft
rotatably mounted ‘therein, a spool rotatably
mounted on the cross shaft, a manually operated
515 friction clutch'carried'by the'cross shaft for fric
tionallyréngaging the spool, a pinion on the cross
shaft, a hand crank comprising 'a housing ‘hav
1 20
22. In a ?sh line reel, a casing, a cross shaft
rotatably mounted therein, a; spool rotatably
‘mounted on the cross shaft, a manually operated
friction clutch on the cross shaft for frictionally
engaging the spool,,a pinion on the cross shaft,
'a' hand crank comprising a housing enclosing 7
the pinion and a rack in the housing meshing 15
with the said pinion to move the hand crank
outwardly as, the pull thereon increases, spring
5ing a ‘rack meshing with the said pinion to move
-means for moving the‘hand- crank inwardly as
- the'hand crank outwardly as the, pull thereon
the pull decreases, and a plate rotatably mounted
increases; spring means for moving the hand
crank inwardly as thepull decreases, and aplate
rotatably mounted on the cross shaft for slidably
guiding the housing in its outward and inward
movements, said spring'means comprising'a pair
w
‘ I
on the cross shaft for slidably guiding the hous
ing in its outward and inward movements.
-
23. In a ?sh line reel, arcasing,ia cross shaft,
rotatably mounted therein, means'for lo’cking‘the '
cross shaft to'the casing against reverse rota- '
25 of pins projecting from the plate and slidable in tion, a spool ‘rotatably mounted on] the cross
the housing and coil’springs surrounding the pins ~ shaft, a manually‘ operated, friction clutch on,’
the cross shaft for frictionally engaging the spool,’ or '
and interposed between the plate and housing.
"21. In a fish line reel, a casing, a crossshaft a pinion on the cross shaft, a hand crank com
rotatably mounted therein, means for locking the
'30, cross shaft to the‘ casing against reverse rota
tion, a spool rotatably mounted ‘on the cross
' shaft, a manually operated friction clutch car
tried by the cross shaft’ for frictionally'engaging
the spool, a pinion on the’ cross shaft,'a hand
prising a housing enclosing the pinion and a rack
in the housing meshing with the said piniorijQO
to move the hand crank outwardly as the pull
thereon increases, springmeans for moving the
hand crank inwardly as the pull decreases, and
'a ‘plate rotatably [mounted on the cross shaft for
'35, crank comprising a housing having a rack mesh- , slidably guiding the housing in its outward and ‘
I
’
ing with the said pinion to move the hand crank inward movements.
outwardly as the pull thereon increases, spring
’
FREDERICK C. GRISWOLD.
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