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Патент USA US2120184

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June 7, 1938.
o. w. MOJONNIER
PIPE JOINT OR COUPLING "’
Fiiled Dec. 16, 1937
2,120,184
2,120,184
Patented June 7, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT- OFFICE
2,120,184
PIPE JOINT OR COUPLING
_
Oliver W. Mojonnier, River Forest, Ill.
Application December 16, 1937, Serial No. 180,190
1 Claim.
This invention relates to means for coupling
together two abutting pipes so as to secure a
water-tight joint between them, and the general
object of the invention is to provide a relatively
5 simple means to this end which is easily oper
ated, which is cheap and by which the pipes may
be readily coupled or uncoupled, and a further
object is to provide a coupling which is particu
larly applicable to metallic pipes.
My invention is illustrated in the accompany
ing drawing wherein:
Fig. 1 is an end elevation of the coupling, one
of the coupled pipes being in section.
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section of the pipe and
Fig. 3 is an
elevation of the rubber or elastic sleeve which
?ts around the abutting ends of the two pipes,
this ?gure showing a modi?cation of the sleeve.
Referring to the drawing, Ill and II designate
two metallic pipes abutted at their ends. Upper
and lower bores I2 and I3 are formed in these
15 coupling with parts in elevation.
pipes, these bores extending radially outward in
opposite directions. Disposed to surround the
adjacent ends of the pipes is a rubber or water
25 proof elastic sleeve |4, which, in the preferable
form of my invention, is solid, that is, is not
split. This sleeve is apertured at l5, these aper
tures being adapted to aline with the bores I2 and
|3. The sleeve has, therefore, four apertures.
Disposed above and below the sleeve are the
30
two segmental members l1 and I8. The member
I‘! has approximately the form of a semi-circle
but the ends of its legs extend straight upward at
l9. The member l8 has a semi-circular inner
face which merges into the inner face of the
member I1 and the two members I‘! and I8 are
in the position shown in Fig. 1, and the member
I8 has a ?at outer face 20. Embracing the mem
bers |'! and I8 is a somewhat oval ring 2|, the
40 outer face of the member l8 being formed with
a seat 22 for this ring, as shown clearly in Fig. 2.
Engaged with that portion of the ring 2| which
is disposed opposite the ?at face 20 is a cam 23
having a handle 24 and a recess 25 for the re
45 ception of the ring 2|. Each of the members I‘!
and I8 is formed with a pair of projecting pins
26 which, when the sleeve l4 and the members
I7 and I8 are in proper position with relation to
the pipe sections II] and H, pass through the
50 apertures I 5 and into the bores l2, in the manner
shown in Fig. 2, and thus when the handle 24
is pushed down into the position shown in Fig. 2,
the cam 23 will force the member IS in one direc~
tion and simultaneously pull upon the ring to
55 force the member I‘! in the opposite direction and
thus the rubber sleeve M will be compressed
around the pipe sections l0 and | | and completely
close the joint between these sections. Prefer
ably, the extremities of the members I‘! and I8
60 are formed with the flanges 21 at their ends
(Cl. 285-194)
between which ?anges the rubber sleeve l4 ?ts.
These ?anges 21 retain the rubber gasket from
any endwise movement.
I
In Fig. 3, I have illustrated a slight modi?ca
tion of the rubber gasket M in which this gasket
is split instead of being formed of one completely
annular piece of material. The ring in Fig. 3 is
shown as split at l6, and one of the apertures l5
passes through the overlapping ends of this split
in the sleeve. In Figs. 1 and 2, however, the 10
sleeve is solid and not split.
While I have illustrated a particular and very
simple form of clamping means whereby the
members I? and “3 may be forced towards each
other, I do not wish to be limited to this as other 15
forms of clamping means whereby the elements
H and I8 may be forced towards each other may
be used and any form of clamping yoke with
any compressing means may be used in place of,
the ring and cam. A C-clamp with a thumb screw
might be used in place of the ring 2| as a yoke
for forcing the two members I‘! and I8 towards
each other.
It will be seen that the construction which I
have provided is very simple, may be quickly
applied and quickly removed and that a water— 25
tight joint is provided between the pipes H1 and
H, and that these pipes are held in abutting
engagement with each other by the pins 26, the
sleeve | 4 and the compressing members I‘! and
I8, so that the pipes cannot move longitudinally 30
relative to each other and thus get out of posi
tion. When two pipes are to be joined by this
coupling, it is an easy matter to bore apertures
in the ends of the pipes for the reception of the
pins 26. It will likewise be particularly noted 35
that the sleeve I4 is nearly entirely enclosed
within the compression members l1 and I8 and
held from any movement.
While I have illustrated two compression 40
members l1 and I8, I do not wish to be limited to
forming these compression members merely in
two parts, as these compression members may be
formed in three or more parts for large pipe
sizes.
45
What is claimed is:—
.
The combination with abutting pipe sections
each having radially extending bores adjacent
their abutting ends, of a sleeve of compressible
material surrounding said abutting ends of the 50
pipe and having apertures registering with said
bores, opposed compression members each sur
rounding half the sleeve and each having inwardly
projecting pins adapted to be inserted through
said apertures in the sleeve and into said bores,
and means associated with the compression
members constructed and arranged to urge the
compression members towards each other.
OLIVER W. MOJONNIER.
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