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Патент USA US2120191

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June 7, 1933-
H. L. RODMAN
_
2,120,191
FIGURE TOY
Filed Aug. 11, 1936
5 Sheets-Sheet 1
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Inventor
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June 7, 1938.
H. L. iQODMAN
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v 2,120,191
FIGURE TOY
Filed Aug. 11, 1936
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
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In venior
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By
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Attorneys
Jane 7, 1938.
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HLRODMAN' ‘
FIGURE
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TOY
Filed Aug. 11, 1936
2,120,191
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Inventor
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2,120,191
Patented June 7, 1938
UNITED ‘STATES PATENT ‘OFFICE,
2,120,191
FIGURE TOY
Harold L. Rodman, Baltimore, Md.
Application August 11, 1936, Serial No. 95,468
' 3 Claims.
The present invention relates to new and use
ful improvements in ?gure toys of the motor
actuated animated type, and has for its primary
4
object to provide, in a manner as hereinafter set
“5' forth, a device of this character which is capable
of bending forwardly in a bow and returning to
an upright position.
7
Another very important object of the inven
tion is to provide a ?gure toy of the aforemen
tioned character embodying novel means for
controlling the operating mechanism.
Other objects of the invention are to provide
an animated ?gure toy of the character described
which will be comparatively simple in construc
"15 tion, strong, durable, light in weight, highly amus
ing, and which may be manufactured at low cost.
All of the foregoing and still further objects and
advantages of the invention will become apparent
from a study of the following speci?cation, taken
20 in connection with the accompanying drawings,
wherein like characters of reference designate
corresponding parts throughout the several views,
and wherein:
Figure l is a view in side elevation of a ?gure
25 toy constructed in accordance with the present
invention;
A plurality of cams 8 are provided in
Projecting from the pivoted inner end of the tail
II is a ?nger i2 which rides on. the periphery of
the wheel ‘I for engagement with and actuation
.by the cams 8. A coil spring i3 is connected to
the ?nger l2 for maintaining same inengage
ment with the wheel ‘I and the cams 8.
The hollow base 2 is open at its top and jour
nalled for swinging movement in a vertical plane
on the upstanding sides Hi thereof, as at I5, is a
hollow body l6. A hollow head I‘! is integral
with the body it. Transverse shafts l8 and l9
are provided in the hollow body IS. A rod 20 has
one end pivotally connected off-center tothe wheel
1 and its other end journalled on the shaft I8
for connecting the body Hi to the spring motor
3 for actuation thereby. The reference numeral
2| designates a pawl which is journalled at an
intermediate point on the shaft l9, the lower end '
through the invention, taken at right angles to
Figure 2 and looking rearwardly;
for stopping the spring motor 3 upon the com
pletion of each revolution of the shaft 5. The
,
Figure 3 is a view in irregular vertical section
,
Figure 4 is a detail view in side elevation of the
tail;
Figure 5 is a detail view in front elevation of
35 a portion of the operating mechanism;
Figure 6 is a detail view in perspective of the
body operating rod;
Figure '7 is a detail view in perspective of the
pawl which controls the spring motor;
40
wheel ‘I.
a group on the periphery of the wheel 1.
Mounted transversely in the base | is a shaft 9
on which a tail Ill is pivotally mounted for swing
ing movement in a vertical plane. The tail I0 is 5
operable in a slot 1 | (see Figure 2) which is pro
vided therefor in the rear of the hollow base I.
of said pawl being engageable with the ratchet 6
Figure 2 is a view in vertical section through
the invention;
(O1. 46—-123)
Figure 8 is a detail view in side elevation of the
cam wheel;
Figure 9 is a detail view in side elevation of the ‘
pawl which is mounted on the motor shaft-and
Figure 10_ is a detail view principally in vertical
4 longitudinal section through the inner end por
tion of the manually actuated plunger.
Referring now to the drawings in detail, it will
be seen that the embodiment of the invention
50 which has been illustrated comprises a base I
of suitable material, said base representing feet
and being weighted, as at 2. The base | is hollow
and mounted therein is a spring motor 3 which
is provided with a winding key 4. Fixed on the
55 shaft 5 of the motor 3 is a ratchet 6 and a cam
pawl 2| terminates at its upper end in an eye 22.
Slidably mounted in a guide 23 in'the head 30
i‘! is a plunger 24 having journalled on its inner
end a roller 25. Aligned with the plunger 24,
at the inner end thereof, is a substantially V
shaped guide 26 with which the roller 25 is en
gageable. A coil spring 21 is provided for yield 35
ingly urging the plunger 24 outwardly or toward
retracted position, said coil spring encircling the
plunger and having one end engaged with a collar '
28 on said plunger and the other end engaged
with the guide 23. On the outer end of the 40
plunger 24 is a knob or the like 29 constituting a
handle and representing a nose.
The nose 29 is
operable in an opening 3|! which is provided
therefor in the face portion of the head |'|.'
,The reference numeral 3| designates a guide 45
below the substantially V-shaped guidev 26 in
which a rod 32 is slidably mounted. An arcuate
head 33 is ?xed on the forward end of the rod 32.
The other end of the rod 32 is pivotally connected
to one end of an angular lever 34 which is pivotally 50
mounted at an intermediate point on a shaft 35
which is mounted transversely in the head H.
The other end of the lever 34 is engaged in the
eye 22 of the pawl 2|, a'collar 36 being provided
on said lever for abutting engagement with said 55
2
2,120,191
eye. A coil spring 31 encircles the rod 32 and has
one end engaged with the guide 3| and its other
end engaged with a collar 38 on said rod for yield
ingly urging same forwardly.
It is thought that the operation of the device
will be readily apparent from a consideration of
the foregoing. To release the spring motor 3, the
plunger 24 is forced inwardly against the tension
of the spring 21 through the medium of the knob
10 29. There is suf?cient looseness or play in the
mounting of the plunger 24 in the guide 23 to per
mit the roller 25 to ride upwardly over the sub
stantially V-shaped guide 26 or below same. If
the roller 25 passes upwardly over the guide 25
15 nothing happens. If, however, the roller 25
passes below the guide 26 said roller engages the
head 33 and this forces the rod 32 rearwardly
against the tension of the spring 31, thus rocking
the lever 34 in a manner to disengage the pawl
20 2| from the ratchet 6, thereby releasing the
motor 3. When thus released, the motor 3 ro
tates the wheel ‘I and, through the medium of the
rod 20, the body I6 is swung downwardly on its
pivots Hi to substantially the position suggested
in dotted lines in Figure 2 of the drawings. As
the wheel ‘I completes one revolution, the body
I6 is raised to a vertical position. At this point,
the pawl 2i functions to stop the motor, the
spring 21 having been permitted .to return the
30 plunger 24 to the position shown in Figure 2 of
the drawings. As the wheel ‘I rotates, the cams 8
thereon engage the ?nger I2 and cause the tail ID‘
to vibrate or wag in a vertical plane. The lower
end of the body 2 is open, as at 39, to accom
. modate the upper portion of the base I. The
may be resorted to which will fall within the
scope of the invention as claimed.
What is claimed is:
1. A ?gure toy comprising a base, a motor
mounted in said base, a body pivotally mounted
for swinging movement on the, base, means oper
atively connecting the motor to the body for
swinging said body forwardly and returning said
body to an upright position, means for stopping
the motor upon the completion of each operation 10
of the body, and manually operable means for re
leasing the motor.
2. A ?gure toy comprising a base, a body piv
otally mounted on the base, a motor mounted in
said base, means operatively connecting the body 15
to said motor for actuation thereby, means for
releasably securing the motor against operation,
the last named means including a pawl pivotally
mounted at an intermediate point in the body, a
substantially hollow head mounted on the body, 20
a rod slidable in said head, means operatively
connecting said rod to the pawl, a manually oper
able plunger slidably mounted in the headpsaid
plunger being engageable with the rod for actu
ating said rod, and a substantially V~shaped
guide mounted in the head for directing the
plunger toward or away from the rod.
3. A ?gure toy of the class described compris~
ing a substantially hollow weighted base, a spring
as
motor mounted in said base, a shaft driven by 3.0
said motor, a ratchet ?xed on said shaft, a wheel
?xed on the shaft, cams on the periphery of said
wheel, a tail pivotally mounted at one end in the
base, a ?nger on the pivoted end of said tail en
gageable by the cams for actuation thereby, a
reference numeral 45 designates representations’ spring for yieldingly engaging the ?nger with the
of arms while representations of ears on the head
ll’ are designated by the reference numerals 4!.
If necessary, a suitable spring may be con
cams, a substantially hollow body pivotally
mounted on the base, a rod operatively connect
ing said body to the wheel for actuation thereby,
a pawl pivotally mounted, at an intermediate 40
point, in the body and engageable with the
pawl into engagement with the ratchet 6.
It is believed that the many advantages of a ratchet for stopping the motor upon completion
?gure toy constructed in accordance with the of each revolution of the shaft, a substantially
present invention will be readily understood, and - hollow head on the body, and manually operable
means in said head for actuating the pawl for re 45
45 although a preferred embodiment of the device
leasing the spring motor. '
is as illustrated and described, it is to be under
stood that changes in the details of construction
HAROLD L. RODMAN.
and in the combination and arrangement of parts
40 nected to the pawl 2! for yieldingly urging said
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