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June 7, 1938. J. Y. BLAZEK ET AL _ GRINDING MACHINE Filed July 23, 1934 2,120,198 " 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 1F5-1 INVENTORS. JKBLAZ?/f AND wm/ ATTORN Y. June 7‘, 1938. J. Y,‘ BLAZEK El‘ AL _ 2,120,198 GRINDING MACHINE Filed July 25, 1934 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 9.2% INVENTOR 5 JKBLAZE/r AND ~ BY W R. 6'. /l/V0£/?d'0/V ‘ ‘ AT ORNEY. Patented June 7, 1938 2,120,198 UNITED STATES, PATENT OFFICE 2,120,198 , > ' ammo momma John Y. Blazek and 1am“ G. Anderson, Maple Heights, Ohio, assignors to Lempco Products, , Inc., Bedford, Ohio Application July 23, 1934, Serial No. 7736,4196 ' 11 Claims. (Cl-'5_1—-50) The present invention relates to improvements in grinding machines and grinding operations on parts throughout the views. . work. Objects of the present invention are: - To provide a grinding machine with means for holding and rotating and indexing work for suc cessively operating on different surfaces there of by one grinding wheel. To provide such a machine with» a turret-like 10 element which does the. work holding and work indexing. . ' To provide such a machine with a work rotat ing means located mainly within the turret-like element. 15 ' To provide such a machine with an individual driving means for rotating work therein. To provide such a machine with an individually driven grinding wheel. To provide such a machine with an .axially 20 movable quill to carry the grinding wheel spindle. 40 45 55 top of the bed A has the guide ways ll. The carriage B telescopes over the guide ways l0 and is guided thereby in its travel transversely stopped and started by axial movement of the gib II to take up all lost motion there between I the carriage and the bed. The lock nut ll is threaded onto the screw l2 and abuts the bed to .25 retain the screw in adjusted position and there ‘ To provide such a machine with an adjusting by holds the gib in adjusted relation to the car To provide such a machine with manually op- 4' r age. erated work gripping and work releasing means. The carriage extends some distance toward the .To provide such a machine with a manually rear of the machine and has the grinding wheel controlled turret and manually controlled feed vdriving motor C mounted on the top of the rear ing of the grinding wheel. portion thereof so that the motor moves with the Further objects will be pointed~ out during the carriage transversely of the ‘bed for purposes ap description of the machine shown in the accom pearing hereinbelow. ‘ ‘ panying drawings, or will become obvious or ap The screw I4 is journaled in the plate I5 which parent or will suggest themselves upon an in is rigidly secured to the bed to form a substantial spection of the accompanying drawings and this part'thereof. The collar I6 is integral with the speci?cation. screw I4 and abuts the inner face of the plate IS. The present invention is illustrated in this ap The collar I1 is held to the screw It to rotate plication as being applied to or used for grind therewith and abuts the outer face of the plate ing valves although it is quite obvious that the 4 IS. A zero mark 0 is placed on the top.of the same can be used for grinding other work. ‘plate l5 and the outer circumference of the col In the accompanying drawings, forming part lar I1 is graduatemappropriate to the pitch of of this speci?cation: the thread on the screw it, so that the amount Fig. 1 is a plan view of a valve grinding ma or distance of movement by the screw can be read chine adapted to grind the bevel valve seat on and determined easily. The handwheel I8 is se the head of the valve and also the other end cured to the screw ll to rotate therewith and to rotate the same and has the handle I! secured Fig. 2 is a vertical section, longitudinally of the thereon to facilitate rotation of the screw. The machine, taken on line 2-2 of Fig. 1. ~ screw it is externally threaded to engage in the Fig. 3 is an enlarged section taken on line 3-3 internally threaded nut 20 rigidly secured to the of Fig. 1 and shows the work gripping and work underside of the carriage so that rotation of ‘the rotating and work adjusting more clearly; and screw moves the carriage and the grinding wheel Fig. 4 is an enlarged section taken on the line and the motor thereon transversely of the bed l of Fig. 1 and shows the mechanism for moving to bring the latter into operative relation with thereof. .50 grinding machines wherein the high speed rota~ tion of grinding wheels produces vibrations quite easily unless the bed and framing of the machine is made quite sturdy so that the work produced '15 by the machine will be true and smooth. The sleeve. ment. 35 for illustration of the present invention now fol lows: The bed A is of su?iciently sturdy design to deaden or eliminate as far as is possible the vibra pl 0 tions usually produced in machines especially in 'by rotation of work in the turret-like element'lis means for locating work in the turret-like ele V30 . A speci?c description of the grinding machine shown in the accompanying drawings, embodying the present invention in a valve grinding machine of the bed. The gib l I is introduced between 20 the carriage and one of the guide ways. and the set screw I2 is tapped into the bed and abuts the To provide such a machine with means where 25 the carriage and the grinding wheel more clearly. Similar: reference characters refer to similar ' 30 _ 35 40 45 I 50 55 2 2,190,198 work in the turret. The graduations '2l assist in determining the distance which the carriage has moved or is being moved by the rotation of the screw l4. The screw 22 is threaded into the col lar l1 and the inner end thereof is abuttable on the screw l4 for securing the collar in a certain. relation rotatively of the screw. This is of ad is threaded onto the spindle E'and holds the ball bearing 34 against a shoulder on the shaft. The ‘ springs 45 are countersunk into the quill endwise to exert pressure therein againstball bearing 14 and thence against the nut 44 tending to re tain the operating end of the spindle Ev in a de?nite relation to the front end of the quill to vantage when the grinding wheel is to be moved ‘ prevent undesired axial movement of the spindle relative to the quill. a certain distance which movement can be de 10 termined by rotating the collar IT on the screw, after releasing -‘the screw 22, to a number of graduations corresponding to the distance to which the grinding wheel is to be moved, then locking the collar II by means of the screw 22 15 and then rotating the screw until the selected graduation meets the-0 mark. By this means, the movement of the grinding wheel is predetermined and tends to accuracy of the machine and elimi nates the cut and try method of siting work and 20 thereby saves considerable time in grinding of work.v - ‘ _ . The quill D. is closely ?tted in the carriage B with the axis thereof longitudinally of the bed ‘The flange 46 is threaded onto the front end of the spindle E to hold the ball bearing in place‘ and to. form the abutment wall 41 for the grind ing wheel 48 which is mounted on the spindle E and held thereon by the ?anged nut 49 threaded onto the spindle E. The casing 50 for the grinding wheel is mounted on the front end of the quill. The‘ guard casing Si is secured to the outer end of the carriage to inclose, as far as possible, the rotating pulley 3B and the moving belt 4| and the rotating spindle end 35. 20 The flange member 52 is journaled in the bore 53 provided in the bed and has the motor cen tralizing pilot 54 on the lower end thereof. The and transversely of the guide ways in and is work rotating motor F has a recess in one end thereof engaging with the pilot I4 to centralize 25 The shaft 23 is jour naled in the carriage B, transversely of the axis the motor relative to the ?ange l2 and to ex of the quill, and has the pinion 24 thereon, the tend the same downwardly and into the bed and ' teeth of which mesh with the teeth 25 on one side is enclosed therein. I. The turret G has the centralizing recess in of the quill so that rotation of the shaft 23 moves 30 the quill axially. The collar 26 is pinned to the the bottom thereof to engage with the pilot I! ex-' 30 shaft 23, the inner end thereof abuts the carriage , tendingupwardly from the flange 52. The ?ange to ‘prevent endwise movement of the shaft in 56 of the turret abuts the top of the ?ange I2 the carriage in one direction and one end of the and also the top of the‘ bed. The screws 51 hold pinion 24 abutting the inner end ‘of the plug 21 the turret to the top of the ?ange 52 and to the rigidly secured to the carriage and substantially top .of the bed. and the screws 58 hold the motor 35 F‘ to the ?ange 52. The armature shaft 59 is integral therewith, to prevent endwise move ment of the shaft in the carriage. aThe collar journaled in the ?ange 52 and has the tongue lli ' ‘ 26 has the outwardly extending clutch teeth 28 on the upper end thereof. 26 axially movable therein. thereon. The work receiving hollow sleeve BI is journaled ‘ The quill moving handle 28 is journaled on and movable longitudinally on the outer end'of the shaft 23 and has notches therein to engage with the clutch teeth 28 so that the shaft 23 can there-. ' by be rotated manually. The nut '30 is threaded 46 onto the outer end of the shaft 23 and by means in the turret by means of ‘the bushings ‘2. v The front end of the sleeve has the internal taper wall 63 and the rear end thereof is internally and ex ternally threaded. The worm wheel“ is keyed on to the sleeve 6i to rotate therewith. . One end of the worm wheel 64 abuts . the collar 4! in 45 of the washer 3| held against a shoulder on they tegral with the sleeve and the other end abuts the shaft 23 by .the nut 30, prevents the handle from washer 66 in internal abutment on the turret to being _ pulled. from the shaft endwise. There is retain the sleeve in endwise relation to the tur the space 32 between the washer 3i and the outer ret. The sleeve .61 fits axially movably into 50 end of the hub‘of the handle so that the handle the hollow sleeve 6! and may also rotate therein when occasion demands. The sleeve 04 is slitted ' can be moved longitudinally of the shaft to manu axially and the slits opening alternately from the ally release the clutch teeth and notch engage ment and to manually engage the clutch teeth opposite ends of the sleeve.‘ One end of the and notches when desired. ‘as \ t a - The grinding wheel carrying spindle E is jour naled in the unrotatable quill D by means of the ball bearings 32 and 34 and has the diametrically reduced part‘ 35 at the outer ,end thereof and the keyway 3‘ therein. The part '35 is journaled in the carriage by means of the ball bearing 31. The grinding wheel driving pulley 28 has the sleeve-like hub 38 carrying the inner race of the sleeve 68 is of ataper corresponding to the taper wall in the sleeve 6i and the other end is taperedv 55 corresponding to the taper of the taper wall in the sleeve 61 so that axial movement of the sleeve. -6‘| contracts the sleeve 68 or permits the self ex panding thereof according to the direction of movement of the sleeve 81. ’ _ The work gripping sleeve 69 is also slitted axi ally so that the same can.expand and contract,‘ ' ball bearing-37. The V groove 40 in the pulley ( is preferably self expanding so that‘the same can 34 engages with the belt. 4| which also engages contract to grip work therein or expand to re lease the‘ work according to axial movement of 66 with a similarly grooved pulleyv 42 on and rotat able with thearmature shaft of the motor C._ the sleeve '61 and consequent diametrical move The hub of the pulley 38 has secured therein the ment of the sleeve 68 described above. > key} 43 engaging with the keyway 36 to rotate ‘the spindle E when the-motor C is operating. 70 When the quill moves the spindle E axially, the diametrically reduced part 25 slides back and forth-in'the 'hub'of the pulley 38 which is held‘ against movement away from the carriage B so The plug 10 is threaded into the internal thread in the sleeve ‘iii and they inner end thereof abuts the outer end of the sleeve 61 so that rotative 70 movement of ‘the plug moves ‘the sleeves 41 and 68 axially with consequent gripping and releasing of workas above described. The plug 10 has the, . that the pulley 28 and the belt 4i always retain ‘ diametrically enlarged head ‘I i-for ease of§manual 76 the same relation-to the pulley 42. The nut 44. manipulation of the work gripping element. The 75 e ' 2,180,198 _, _ 3 , t end abutment member ‘I2 extends slidably through and‘ has the wheel dressing element 88 mounted the plug 10 for axial adjustment thereof and the" in the tort thereof to move transversely therein ' inner end thereof abuts the end of the stem of‘ for adjustment thereof relative to the grinding the valve ‘I8. A series of grooves 14 are provided wheel. ‘The screw I00 is vfor locking the wheel on the abutment member 12 and areaxially dressing element in adjusted position. Thescrew spaced thereon to accommodate di?'erent lengths IOI is for holding the post 88 against rotation and of valve stems. The ball 15 is mounted in the abutment member 12 and is pressed into the cor responding groove by the spring‘l8 held in abut ment on the ball by the screw 11, threaded into the abutment member ‘I2. A] manual, axial pull or push on the abutment member moves the ball into the abutment member during adjust ment of the end of the adjusting member. When 15 one of the grooves .comes oppositethe ball, the spring ‘I6 seats the ball in that groove and re tains the abutment member 12 against axial self movement. The head ‘I8 is provided on the end of the abutment member for easy and convenient 20 manual movement of the same. The worm shaft 18 is journaled in the turret by means of the ball bearings 80 and 8| and the axis of this shaft is in alinement with the axis of the motor F. The slot 02 traverses’ the lower end'of the shaft 18 to engage with the tongue 80 for driving the shaft ‘I8 by the motor and easy as sembling and disassembling of the turret and the motor. The worm threads 83 are provided on the shaft ‘I8 to mesh ‘with the teeth on the worm 30 wheel 64 so that the sleeve and work and mecha nism therein and thereon will be rotated when the armature shaft of the motor F rotates. The axis of the sleeve 6| is spaced to one side of the axis of the worm shaft ‘I8 which is also the'axis 35 upon which the turret pivots. ' ‘ On the opposite side of this axis of pivot of the turret is another work receiving element in the form of the V block 84. The axes of the sleeve GI and of the V block 84 are parallel in the in 40 stance shown and described. When, faces are to be ground angular to that, shown, the axes of the sleeve 6| or of the V block 84 may be rela tively inclined to attain that end. also in vertical adjustment when such is nec-' ' essary. . The bar I02 has one end thereof pinned to the casing for the\ grinding wheel and extends through the bosses I03 and I08 on the carriage. 10 The collar I05 is pinned to the bar I02 to form a stop ~means for backward movement of the grinding wheel. The collar I08 is adjustably telescoped over the bar I02 and is movable lon gitudinally of thebar I02 and adapted to be held in adjusted position on the bar by the set screw I01. ' I ' The motors C and 'F are connected'to the same 8 source of electricity but each has its own leads from this source. A switch is introduced in the circuit for the motor F and the part H of this switch extends upwardly sufliciently far to be contacted by the collar I06. ‘ The axis of the turret is located at one side 25 of ‘the axis of the grinding wheel so that the latter can operate on work in the turret. The grinding wheel with its sleeve is moved transversely of the bed by the screw I l which moves the carriage transversely of the bed and is moved longitudinally of the bed by the handle 28. Both of these movements are attained manw ually to bring the grinding wheel into operative relation with the work in the turret.’ These same manual movements also bring the grinding 35 wheel into wheel dressing relation with the wheel dresser 88. -‘ A valve ‘I3, to be machined, is inserted endwise ‘ into the work holding sleeve 6| while the work gripping mechanism therein is expanded by ma 40 nipulation of the plug 10 until the end of the valve stem abuts ‘the inner end of the abutment ‘ member 12 whereupon the valve is'gripped in 7 The laterally spaced guide posts 85 and 88 are the sleeve 6| with the end thereof in abutment 45 each axially movable in the turret, below the V on the member 12 and ‘the head of the valve pr0-_ block, and are connected by the work abutting‘ jecting some distance out of and beyond the out 45 bar 81 which has the zero mark 0 'on the upper side of the turret. I - side face thereof. The adjusting screw 88 is‘ The turret is then manually indexed so that threaded through the turret, below the V block the head of the valve is located toward the grind and substantially midway between the guide ing'wheel. The axis of the work holding element ’ posts, and is joumaled in the work abutting bar. is then angular with the axis of the grinding The collar 88, integral'with the head 80, has the wheel substantially as shown. _ ' » graduations 9| thereon appropriate to the pitch The grinding wheel is then brought to operate of the thread on the screw 88 so that adjustment on the valve head by means of ‘the handwheel l8 55 of the bar 81 can easily be seen and determined , and the handle I 8. .The grinding wheel is then without any other measuring instrument. The stub 82 isthreaded into the turret and in a shoulder abutment thereon and has‘ a ’part_ thereof projecting outwardly of the turret. The index pin 83 extends through and fits axially slidably in the stub 82. The inner end of the index pin 88 has the nose 94 formed to engage the notches 85 in the ?ange 58. In the present instance, the notches are diametrically opposite moved back and forth ‘over the bevel surface of 55 the valve head so that the outer circumferential surface-of ‘the grinding wheel moves over'the bevel surface of the valve head and therebyv grinds the same to the bevel shown; the turret being indexed to attain that bevel. The switch for the motor F is, then closed so that the motor - rotates the work in the turret. When the grind~ ing of the bevel surface is ?nished, the grinding and there are two positive stations to which they wheel is moved backward sufficiently far until the turret can be indexed. The number of notches collar I06‘ contacts and moves the switch part H can be increased or decreased when a different and thereby opens the switch in the circuit for number of stations are required. the motor F and stops the motor and'thereby The head 86 is pinned to the index pin 88 for stops rotation of the work in the turret. ‘The 70 ease and .convenient manual operation of the in dex pin.- One end of the spring 81 abuts a shoul— der in the stub 82 and the other end thereof abuts a shoulder on index pin and normally tends to retain the nose 84 vin the corresponding notch. 75 ' The post 88 extends from the top of the bed ‘work is then released by rotative movement of the plug 10 so that the ?nished valve can easily ' be removed from the turret and a new one in serted in place thereof and gripped in the turret as above described; The valve is then reversed so that the head 75 4 _ a,iao‘,1sa' thereofisinw'ardlyoftheturret andislaid into , comprising, a stub threaded‘ into said bed. a tur ret retainingand releasing pin axially movable in said stub, the inner ‘end of said pin formed thevgrooveintheblocbusothatthehead of the valve abuts endwise on, the abutment, ll to engage with said notches, a manually take hold collar on the outer end of said pin, a shoulder s 5 of the turret as shown. The turret is then manu ‘ally indexed to bring the outer end of the stem .- on said pin, a shoulder'on said stub, and av spring into operative relation for the grinding wheel _, between said shoulders to normally hold said in-, andtheendofthestemofthevalve extendsout which is then brought forward manually by means of the handle 20 so that the outer ?at face -10' of the grinding wheel is in line with the end ‘ of the "valve stem. The grinding wheel is then I moved transversely of the. bed by means of the handwheel ll to feed the end face thereof across the end of the valve stem. The indexing of the ner end of said' pin'in one of said notches; _ 3. Ina grinding machine, a bedra grinding wheel movable‘ transversely and longitudinally 10' of said bed, a work holding turret on said bed and adapted to simultaneously hold a plurality of work pieces and being in cooperative relation to - said grinding wheel, and a manually operated grinning means for holding work in said turret is comprising, a sleeve in said turret and having an internal taper wall .at. one end thereof and an external and an internal thread at the other, a 15 turret is arranged so that the axis»of the'v blocks is parallel with the axis of the grinding wheel when the end of the valve stem is to be machined square to the axis of the valve. When angularity is desired for the end of the valve stem, 20 relative to the axis thereof, the indexing of the turret must be changed accordingly either by second. sleeve axially movable within said sleeve and having an internal taper wall at the inner ~20 end thereof, a radially self expanding work adjustment of the turret about its pivot axis or by ' gripping member within said sleeve adjacently to changing the index notches in the ?ange 52. said second sleeve, one end of said member con forming to and engaging with said taper wall When the grinding wheel is being brought for 25 wardly for operation of valves or other work, the in said sleeve and the other end thereof conform- :5 switch member H is released, the switch closes _ing to and engaging with said taper wall‘ in said second sleeve, a manually operated work gripping ‘the circuit of the motor I", and the work is there by rotated in the turret. and releasing‘ plug threaded into said internal I The machine shown and described is econom 30 iical of structure, easy and convenient of opera .thread to move said second sleeve axially and tion, grips and automatically rotates work in the turret and automatically stops rotation of the work when grinding thereof is finished. All operating means of the machine are manually 35 operated except the driving of the grinding wheel and the rotation of the work in the turret. ’ . It is quite obvious that changes of structure and arrangement of the parts, from that shown thereby move said work grippingmember axially 30 for gripping and releasing of work, a take hold means on said plug for ease of rotating the same, an abutment memberfor the ends of work ex tending through said plug, an adjusting means between said abutment member and said plug as to adlustably vary the axial relation of work to said turret, means in said plug for retaining said abutment member in adjusted position, and a and described can be made within the scope and lock nut threaded onto said external thread in 40 spirit and intent of the present invention and of said sleeve and abutting on said turret to retain .4. the appended claims. Therefore, having shown said sleeve in relation to said turret. 4. A bed-sturdy to mitigate vibrations produced and described our invention and without limiting‘ therein, a driveniwork'v grinding wheel mounted ‘ ourselves to the, precise structure and arrange *ment of parts as is shown and described herein, on said-bed to move transversely and longitudi nally thereof, a work receiving turret on said bed _4s ‘45 We claim: 1. In a grinding machine, a bed, a grinding and being pivotally indexable about the ‘axis of wheel carrying carriage guided to slide trans the turret, work holding means on said turret for versely of said bed, a quill unrotatable but axially simultaneously holding each of a plurality of movable in said carriage longitudinally of said work pieces at a side of the axis of pivot of said '50 ‘bed and transversely of the guiding slide for said turret, one of said work holding means including 1. carriage and having a rack thereon, a ‘shaft a rotatable sleeve iournaled in said turret and journaled in. said carriage andr having a pinion having means to grip a work piece intermediate thereon engaging with said rack for movement the ends thereof, a power means for rotatingsaid » of said quill, ‘an operating handle iournaled on sleeve, a manually operated means for indexing 5‘ and movable axially on said shaft,.cooperating said turret, a manually operated means forimov- ,ll - clutch teeth between said shaft and said handle ing'said grinding wheel on said bed. a manually to eifectengagement of said handle with said operated means for gripping and releasing the ' shaft for rotation of said shaft and axial move ment of said quill and to eifect release of said go handle from said shaft for individual rotation of said handle, and a work holding turret on said bed and adapted to simultaneously hold a' plural ity of work pieces and being spaced to bring the work therein into positionfor- operation thereon 55 by said grinding wheel, _ ' , . 2. In a grinding machine, a bed, a grinding wheel movable ‘transversely and longitudinally of ' said bed, an indexable work holding turret mounted on said bed and adapted to simultane ‘ 70 ously hold a plurality of work pieces and being in cooperating relation to said grinding wheel and having indexing notches therein, and a manually operated retaining‘ means for said tur- - ret ‘when the same .is indexed and releasing 1| means for permitting indexing of said turret work piece in said sleeve, and means operated by a definite movement of said grinding wheel rela tive to said bed to startand stop rotation of said .00 sleeve by said power means. ‘ ' 5. In a valve grinding machine, a bed, a car riage guided on‘ said bed to move transversely thereof, an unrotatable quill axially movably sup ported in said carriage, a grinding wheel carrying es shaft Journaled in said quill, a motor on said carriage for driving said shaft, a turret indexable abouta ilxed axis on said bed and having means for simultaneously holding two sidewis'e spaced valves‘ at opposite sides of the axis of pivot of the ,7.) turret and in end for end relations and thereby leaving exposed the head end of one valve and the tail end of the other forsuccessive operation thereonby the grinding wheel after correspond ing‘indexing' of said turret, and means engaging 7g 2,120,198 5 said quill for moving the grinding wheel into and out of grinding relations with the corresponding in threaded engagement with said carriage for moving said grinding wheel into position for ends of the valves. 6. In a grinding machine, a bed, a work grind ing wheel movable transversely and longitudinal operating on work in the machine, a turret index able on said bed and having spaced work hold ing elements each eccentric with the axis of in ly on said bed for operating on work in the ma chine, a turret pivotally indexable on said bed, axis and leaving an end of each work piece ex work holding means on said turret each sidewise of the axis of pivot of said turret and the axis 10 of each angular with the axis of pivot of said turret, said work holding means simultaneously holding the work pieces in end for end relation ship and leaving opposite ends of each exposed for operation thereon by said grinding wheel, and dexing of the turret and each angular with said posed for operation thereon by said grinding wheel, and means for indexing said turret to suc cessively bring the exposed parts of the work 10 pieces in said turret into position for operation thereon by said grinding wheel. 10. A bed, a grinding wheel movable trans versely to' and longitudinally reciprocatingly rel means for moving said grinding wheel into opera ative to said bed, a turret in a position on said 15 tive relationship with the corresponding ‘end of bed and being indexable about the axis thereof, one of the work pieces in said turret after each work holding elements on said turret sidewise of the axis of pivot of said turret, the axes of indexing of said turret. ' , 7. A bed, a grinding wheel positionally and re 20 ciprocatively movable on said bed, an indexable turret on said bed in co-operative relationship with said grinding wheel, two laterally spaced work receiving elements in said turret, both ec centric with the axis of indexing of said turret, each to receive a similar work piece one with one end thereof directed toward said grinding wheel and the other with the corresponding end thereof directed away from said grinding wheel, means to index said turret to de?nite stops there 30 of and thereby successively presenting opposite ends of the work pieces in said turret for opera tion on opposite ends by said grinding \wheel, and means for moving said grinding wheel‘ into operative relationship with the corresponding 35 ends of the work pieces. . 8. A bed, a carriage movable transversely on said bed, a grinding wheel and driving motor therefor mounted on said carriage, a grinding wheel carrier unrotatable and axially movable in 40 said» carriage, a driving connection‘between said motor and said grinding wheel, a turret indexable on said bed and being in spaced relation to said the work holding elements being angular with the axis of pivot of said turret, at least one of said 20 work holding elements being rotatable, each of said work holding elements leaving one end of the work piece therein exposed for operation thereon by said grinding wheel, and a rotating means for said one work holding element com 25 prising: a work gripping sleeve rotatable in said turret and having a worm wheel ‘thereon, a shaft journaled in said turret and having a worm thereon in mesh with said worm wheel, a motor carried by said turret, and one end of the arma 30 ture shaft of said motor in driving relation with said shaft. 11. In a grinding machine, a vertical bed hav ing a horizontal top, a grinding wheel mounted on said top to move longitudinally and trans 35 versely thereon, an indexable turret mounted on said top in spaced relationship with said grinding wheel, means in said turret for simultaneously holding a number of cylindrical work pieces inde grinding wheel, a plurality of work receiving pendent of each other and sidewise of and angu 40 lar to the axis of pivot of said turret and leaving both ends of each exposed, one of said work holding means being rotatable, means for rotat means in said turret and the axis of each being ing said one work holding means, means on the 45 eccentric and angular with the axis of indexing of said turret, means to index said turret for bringing parts of the work pieces in said turret into operative relation with said grinding wheel, and means for moving said grinding wheel into ' and out of grinding relation with the work pieces 50 held in said turret. 9. A bed, a carriage guided to move transverse ly of said bed, a. grinding wheel and a driving motor therefor mounted on said'carriage, said grinding wheel being axially movable relative to said carriage, a screw journaled in said bed and ' outside of said turret for manually gripping a 45 work piece therein, means on the outside of said turret for manually indexing the same, said in dexing successively bringing respective ends of the work pieces in said turret into position for operating thereon by said grinding wheel, and a 50 moving means for manually bringing said grind ing wheel into operative relationship with the exposed ends of the work pieces in said turret. JOHN Y. BLAZEK. RUSSELL G. ANDERSON.