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Патент USA US2120253

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June 14, 1-938.
(;_ w_ LANE
_ mud-52,120,253
.
POTTI‘ERY ‘MAKING MACHINE
Filed 001;. 27, 1936
' 2 Sheets-Sheet '1
‘SCI/Villains
INVENTOR .
ATTORNEY ‘
June 14, 1938.
G. w. LANE
2,120,253
POTTERY MAKING MACHINE
Filed Oct. 2'7, 1936
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
IG-WLane
1
~I
ATTORN EV
Patented June 14, 1938
2,120,253 I
UNITED STATES " PATENT oF-Ficaj
_
2,120,253
,
_
-
George
ro'r'rnav
WilmerMAKING
Lane, Canonsburg,
‘MACHINE,Pa.-
Application October 27, 1936, Serial No. 107,885
1 Claim. (01. ‘25-24)
’
; -'
The invention relates to alpotterymaklng ma
with a pinion l5 ?xed to a_stud shaft l6 journaled
chine and more especially to a semi-automatic in a lower bearing l1 onthe bed or base l0 and'an
pottery forming apparatus.
v
- upper bearing l8 clamped to the post If so that
The primary object of the invention is the pro
this stud shaft i6 is parallel with and spaced
from the said post. The-stud shaft l6 has thereon 5
5 vision of a machine or apparatus of this char
acter, wherein the molds for the-pottery clay are
a worm gear I!) meshing with a worm screw 20
‘ carried upon a turntable and the same are
formed on a drive shaft 2i journaled in bearings
brought into position automatically and locked
in such position for confronting a distributing
10 tool for the formation of pottery ware and such
apparatus or machine being of novel, construction
in itsbntlrety so as to enable increased production
with dispatch of pottery.
-
Another object of the invention is the pro
15 vision of an apparatus'or machine of this char
acter, wherein the tool for the formation of pot
tery ware is manually operated and under manual
operation controls the working of‘the machine
or apparatus for the bringing of the pottery
20 molds successively in position and the looking or
holding of each mold when confronting the tool
for the making of the pottery ware.
22 on and rising from the base or bed ill. _The
shaft 2i has splined or keyed thereto'a shiftable
male member 23 of a friction clutch, the female 10_
member 24 of which is made fast to a shaft 25
companion to "the shaft 2|. This shaft 25 is"
journaled in bearings 26 on and rising from the
bed or base l0.
Upon the bed or base“! at a suitable location 15 -
is an electric power motor 2‘|,»lts driving shaft I
28 is journaled in suitable ‘bearings 29, this shaft '
being of considerable length to extend for a
major portion of the length of the bed or base III
and carries thestepped driving pulleys 30 and 20
3!, respectively. The pulley 30 is fitted with an
endless drive belt 32 which is trained over a
A further object of the invention is the pro
vision of an apparatus or machine of this char
25 acter, which‘ is simple in its construction,
driven pulley 33 on the shaft 25 thus power from
the motor 21 operates or drives the shaft 26
and in turn when the shaft 2| is clutched there- ‘25
thoroughly reliable and emcient in operation, . with it will be driven thereby.
enabling the easy handling thereof in the produc
' Carried by the base or bed l0 isa verticalplvot
tion of pottery ware, and inexpensive to manu ' stud 34 for a horizontal swinging forked throw
facture.
.
arm 35, its fork 88 being loosely engaged with the
30 with these and other objects in view, the in . male member'a of theclutch. This arm is en- 3"
vention consists in the features of construction, gaged with a vertically swinging rocking lever
combinationand arrangement of parts as will '31, its pivot 38 being in an upright 39 on and
be‘ hereinafter more fully described, illustrated 'rising from the base or bed ill. The heel end
in the accompanying drawings, which disclose the ,of the lever 31 is fitted with a stock roller 40
85 preferred embodiment of ' the invention and upon a vertical axle stud 4i and adapted to en- 35
pointedlout in the claim hereunto appended.
gage in any one of a series of notches 42 .pro
‘In the accompanying drawings: '
'
Figure 1 is top plan view of the machine con
structed in accordance with the invention.
40
Figure 2 is a side elevation of the same partly
in section.
I
r
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Figure 3 is a fragmentary sectional view on the
line 3-4 of Figure '2 looking in the direction of
the arrows.
'
'
',
Similar reference characters indicate corre
sponding parts throughout the several views in
the drawings.
.
1
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‘
Referring to the drawings in detail. A desig
nates generally the machine 'or apparatus com
60 prising a suitable base or_ bed l0 above Jwhich is
arranged a turntable ll ?xed to a perpendicular
hub‘ l2 rotatably iournaled upon a stationary
post or axle I I suitably fixed at its lower end in
a casting therefor as carried by the base or bed It.
66 The hub I2 is provided .with a gear l4‘ meshing
- 'vided in the periphery of the turntable I I. These
notches 42 are uniformly spaced from each other and 'when the roller engages in any one of the
same the said table II is latched against move- 40
ment.
i
‘
Fitted on. the turntable ll close to the outer
periphery thereof is a series of spaced article
molds 43, each having associated therewith jig
gin'g mechanism including a head 44 and such
mechanism is operated. in a conventional man
ner, as. for example, through friction gearing 4i
operated from the shaft 2|.
_
- _
6
'
The post it. is extended above the‘ turntable 50
II and has fulcrumed at its upper end 4| a tool
carrying lever 41 which‘is-formed with a depend
ing' toe 44 engageable with the heel "40 of the
lever 31. This lever 41 carries an adiustabie
,
tool SI for the shaping of the content of each so
2,120,253
‘2
mold 43 when such tool pll is lowered into work
ing position.
.
The turntable II has ?tted therewith a center
ing ring ll while carried by the lever 41 is a. -
with a group of eight molds and itis, of course,
understood that the group may be decreased or
increased as to the number of molds included
therein.
-
'
combined centering and locking key or bolt 52
having a substantially V-shaped or wedging edge
J3 for seating in V-shaped notches 54 provided
The apparatus or machine is semi-automatic
as the tool 50 is manually controlled in the pro
‘ in the upper edge of the ring SI and this key or
The male member}! is urged into clutching
~ bolt when engaging a companion notch I4 func
relation to the member 24 oi’ the said group by
a coiled expansion spring '9 while engaged with 10
the lever 31 is a coiled retractile spring ill op
erating to lift the heel end of the said lever to
throw the roller 40 into a notch when confront
ing the‘ same in the turntable II on the lowering
v10 _tions to center the roller ll in the notch 42 re
ceiving the same so as to assure the centering
of the tool "with respect to the work in a con
" fronting mold l3 therewith.
When the lever 41 at its handle end 55 is raised
15 the toe l8 presses upon the heel 49 of the lever
41 which connects the member 23 with the mem- ~
ber u of the clutch and thus the said clutch will
join the shafts 2| and 25 with each other so that
motion from the motor 21 will be submitted.
20 through the gear I4 and pinion II to the turn?
table II. for its rotation and in this fashion
in successive order advancing the~molds 43 to
working position with relation to the tool 50.
When the lever 41 is depressed the turntable I i is
25 latched against movement and the member 23
is disengaged from the member 24 of the clutch
so that driving power from the motor 21 is cut
08 ~from the turntable II. The shaft 2. has
trained over the pulley 3| thereon a belt 50
30 which is also trained over a pulley I‘! on a shaft
ing 58 of the gearing 45 so that in this manner
power from the motor 21 is conveyed to the fric
tion gearing 45 for the operation of the jigging
mechanism ‘4.
35
»
» ‘
In this instance the turntable II is provided
duction of pottery ware.
of the lever 41.
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’
What is claimed is:
'
‘
'
A machine of the character described com
prising a turntable having edge notches, molds '
carried by the turntable close to its periphery,
jigger -mechanism cooperating with the molds, 20
a tool-carrying lever pivotally supported for ver
tical movement above said turntable, power
mechanism for driving the turntable and having
a releasing clutch, means for engaging the
notches in the turntable and operatively con
nected with the clutch and actuated by said tool
25
carrying lever for effecting the disengagement of
said means from a notch in the turntable and
the simultaneous closing of said clutch, and
means on the tool-carrying lever and engageable 30
with the turntable for the centering of a tool
with respect to the mold on the opening of the
clutch and the engagement of the ?rst-named
means in the notch in said table.
'
GEORGE wnsma LANE.
35
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