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Патент USA US2120470

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June 14, 1938.-
>c. T.. PATTERSON l
FASTENING DEVICE
Filed NOV. 20, 1936
/
„a„0.
~ 2,120,470
Patented June 14, 193s
UNITY-Eo _STATES PATENT f oFFicE
'
2,120,470
Ánjas'rrzurlvd DEVICE '
Charley I. li’attetson, Springfield, Mo.
Application November 20, 1936, Serial No. 111,820
'z claims. (ci. zzo-_35)
My invention relates to a fastening device for
securing together sheet-materials, such as box
parts. braces, partitions and the like and partic
ularly to‘a- fastening device- for use with parts
5 formed of fibre board of the well known double
faced corrugated type.
tongue member may be bent through the open
ing in the opposed wall, causing the gate member
to be bent to one side to allow the tongue mem
ber to pass and thereafter the gate member is
returned'to its original position to bind the tongue s
between its edge and the adjacent edge of the ' ‘_
wall.v Throughout thisspec'iñcation and in the
such parts rigidly and securely against relative appended claims _reference is made to the juxta
One of the objects »of my device is 'to fasten
posed walls as “inner” and _“outer” walls and it
'
>
Another object of my invention is to provide a is expressly noted that the order of their relation 10
.means unitary with the wall parts for securing is reversible and .that _the-tongue member and
the parts together without the aid of mechanical -the gate member may be transposed if conditions
warrant such a change, the designation “inner
means.
Another object of my device is to provide a. wall” and “outer wa> ’~’ being in the main terms to
displacement in any direction.
10
15 means for fastening such walls- together withoutV >distinguish otherwise similar walls.
the use of staples, rivets, clips or the like.
A further object of my device is to provide a
quick, easy meansfor uniting the walls by hand
and without the tedious, .slow work inherent in
20 other devices designed for such purposes.
`A further object of my invention is to provide
a fastening for wall parts and the like whereby
the fastening operation is accomplished by> a
transverse bending _movement of the fastening
25 elements instead of the usual vendwise or edgewise>
insertion of one part within a slot or openingin
the other part.
'
15
For a' further description of `my device refer-ß
ence is had to the accompanying drawing, in
which:
Fig.»1 is a perspective view showing one em
bodiment of my device as applied to abox corner. 20
Fig. 2 is a plan view showing the tongue mem
ber of mydevice as embodied in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 isa plan view of the gate member. _
Fig. 4 shows the tongue member co-registered
over the gate member.
‘
Fig. 5 is a _fragmentary perspective view verti
cally sectioned on line o_b Fig. 4, showing how
An additional object of my invention is to pro-A ' the parts are juxtaposed in operable relation.
Fig.- 6 is a fragmentary perspective view show
vide a device suitable for use with double faced
30 corrugated board or the like in whichone'of the " ing the tongue member being passed through the 30
elements is gripped` iiatwise between opposed opening to displace the gate member..
Fig. '1 shows- the tongue member bent sum-è
Aedges of parts in the adjacent wall whereby the
material of which the element is composed will ciently to allow the gate member to be returned
be indented to form a groove in the'face of the
35 element, the groove cooperating withthe edges of
the adjacent sheet or wall to securely` unite the
to its original position.
'
Fig. 8 shows the gate member returned to its 35
position co-planar with the wall and bindingthe
walls against-relative movement.
'Y
A-further purpose of my_device is to provide a
tongue member therebetween.
means that may berformed in boxes or the like
other embodiment of my device in which the -
'
'
Figs. 9, '10 and _11 are plan views showing an
tongue member has a widened portion outwardly 40
this purpose and in which the scoring may be of its hinged portion, Fig. 9 showing the tongue
accomplished at thefsame operation and on the 'membexg Fig. 10 the lgate member and Fig. 11 the
same side of the material as the other usual tongue co-registered over the gate member.
~Fig. 12 shows a perspective view of another em
scoring is made.
‘
'
`
4o by the usual <cutting-die processes employed for
45
For accomplishing th'e'se- objects'I have -pro
vided a tongue member hingedly attached to one
of` the juxtaposed walls and in the other wall is
bodiment of my invention in which a multiplicity 45
of tongue members and gate members are em
ployed in one fastener.
-
(l
-
Figs. 13, 14 and 15 are plan views showing the
with the tongue member and having a gate mem component parts used in Fig. l2, Fig. 13 showing
the tongue members, Fig. 14 the gate members 50
50 ber lying within the opening and hingedly vcon
nected at one side thereof to the surrounding wall and Fig. 15 indicating the manner of co-operative '
provided an opening substantially co-registered
and lying co-.planar therewith, the hinged por.
tion of the tongue member being disposed trans
versely to-the hinged- portion of the gate mem#
55 ber. .Through vthis arrangement of parts the
registration.
Y
-
_
Fig. 16 is a perspective view of the embodiment
disclosed in Fig. 12 and showing the tongue mvn
ber being passed through the opening.
56
2
2,120,470
Fig. 1'7 is a perspective view of the rear of the
device disclosed, in Fig- 12 showing the tongue
members gripped between the gate members and
ofthese parts.
the wall.
Fig. 18 shows the device (in the embodiment
disclosed in Figs. 9, 10 and 11) applied to a _tele
Fig. 16 a fastener of the dual type indicated in
Fig. 12 is shown with one of the tongue members
scopic box cover and indicates the manner in
showing the other tongue member 6 being started
through the opening between the gate members.
It will be noted that with this embodiment -the
additional width of the tongues outwardly of their
which the tongue member may be folded against
the inner face of the gate lmember to facilitate
10 telescoping over the box.
In the following detailed description similar nu
merals refer to-similar parts throughout the sev
eral v_iews. ‘
In Fig. l, I represents the outer wall in juxta
posed relation to the inner wall 2. The outer
wall is provided with an opening deñned by the
wall edges 3, 4 and 5 and the appendant tongue
member 6. This opening substantiallyl overlies
the gate portion -I. In Fig. 2 is shown the outer
wall I and the tongue member 6, surrounded by
the wall edges 3, 4 and 5. 8 represents a scored
line adjacent the juncture ofi the tongue 6 and
the wall I. In Fig. 3 is shown the inner wall 2
25
edges meeting on a median vertical line II (Fig.
14). Fig. 15 indicates the, manner of registration
with the gate member 'I having a scored line 9 at
its juncture with the wall 2. _ Adjacent the scored
line and substantially at right angles thereto is
the wall edge- I0 terminating in the wall edge II
and completing the contour of `the opening in
which the gate lies is the wall edge I2.
In Fig. 4 is shown-the outer wall I overlying the
inner wall 2 with the tongue member overlyingthe gate member and registered in co-operative
6a bent inward to clear the gate members and
scored lines cause their outer edges to assume a
curve longitudinally while passing through the
opening while after clearing the inner wall they
are» permitted to straighten and after the gate
members are returned to their original positions
-the widened outer portion of the tongues afford
additional locking means as shown in the rear
view of such a device,- Fig. 17. Similar conditions '
prevail with the embodiment shown in Figs. 9
to 11 inclusive insofar as the widened tongue 20
member is concerned, except that no impediment
to the entrance of the tongue member exists on
one side due to the fact that the side II of the
opening in the inner wall 2 is formed at an angle
which allows the tongue member to pass unob 25
structed.
The tongue member of my device may be folded
against the face of the inner wall after'fastening
or may be folded against the inner face of the
gate member as indicated in Fig. 18 if for any
.reason it is desired to do so to preventobstruc
tion.
>When my device is applied to a folding object
relation therewith. The scored lines are omitted
in Fig. 4 for the purpose of clarity and the outline { such as a box or the like the parts are located
35 of the gate member -in the underlying wall 2 be# in the unfolded piece in such manner that upon
ing indicated by the dotted lines III, II_ and I2.
The scored line carried by the tongue member
substantially overlies >the edge IIJ of the gate
member, and the scored line of the gate .1 sub
40 stantially underlies the line 5 of the tongue.
Fig. 5, sectioned on line a?b Fig. 4 shows the
juxtaposed walls I and 2'with the tongue member
6 registered with the gate member "I, and indi
eating the scored line 8 which facilitates bending
45 the tongue member and assists iny reducing the
thickness of the tongue member along-the line
at which it is gripped, inasmuch as the scored
line affords a fulerum which aids in embedding
folding the piece the elements of the fastening
device will be registered in the manner indicated
herein while for separate pieces a similar regis
tration is made between the parts prior to the
fastening operation.
40
It will be noted that the operation of fastening
is very simple. The tongue member is merely
pushed sidewise (facewise) through the open
ing in the opposed wall, displacing the gate
member which through its own resiliency has a 45
tendencyto return to its original position after
the tongue member is bent far enough inward to
clear it. The .gate member is forced into the
opening to its original position where it securely
locks the tongue member in place against either 50
the-wall edge III into the'tongue 6.
Figs. 6, 7 and 8 show stages in the operation
of fastening the device disclosed in Fig. 5. In transverse or radial movement. In this respect
Fig. 6 the tongue member 6 is being passed it will be noted that through forcing the tongue
through the opening in the inner wall. In Fig. ~ member against the edge I0 of the opening a
7 the tongue member is bent far enough inward groove is formed in the face of the tongue member resulting in a substantial hook or catch which 55
55 to clear the gate member 7, While in Fig. 8 the
gate member 'I is shown returned to its original
eo-operates with the wall 2 to form` a secure lock.
position to bind the tongue member 6 between the This condition is especially evident when the de
gate member -I and the Wall edge I0.
vice is applied to wall board of the double faced
In Fig. >9 is shown another embodiment of the
corrugated type or other relatively soft board.
tongue member 6 in which its sides and the
My device requires no tools, eliminates staples, 60
abutting wall edges 3 and 5 are formed at an brads, rivets, etc. and when completed the gate
angle to produce a tongue wider as it recedes members close the opening tightly resulting in a
from «the scored> line 8, and a gate member de
continuous- wall.
signedto co-operate with such a tongue member
In the manufacture of objects embodying my
65 is shown in Fig. 10, the wall edge I I being formed
device the incisions and`scoring may be accom 65
50
at an angle similar to that of the tongue member
at 3, Fig. 9. These members are shown juxta
posed in Fig'. 1l.
In the modification of my device shown in Figs.
plished at the same operation and at the same
time other necessary cutting and scoring is done
and a further advantage will be apparent to those
familiar with the manufacture of such devices
70 12 te 17 inclusive two tongue members 6 and 6a - in that it is unnecessary to remove any portion of 70
are arranged in opposed relation and which be
the material.
'
fore folding have their outer edges meeting on a'
I claim:
_
'medial horizontal line 4 (Fig. 13). Also in this
1. A fastening device comprising adjacent jux
embodiment two gate members are arranged in taposed walls, one of said walls having an opening
75 opposed relation, -I and 1a., and having their outer therein, the other of said walls having a tongue 75
3
2,120,470
member designed to swing transversely through
said opening, -a gate member within said opening
for locking said tongue member in place in such
transverse relation to said walls, said gate member having a hinged portion adjacent its juncture
withV the adjoining wall, said hinged portion be
ing substantially in right angled relation to the
plane of said tonguevmember when said tongue
said gate having adjacent its bending ,line -an
edge substantially underlying the bending line oi.'
said tongue, said inner wall having an edge sub
stantially coterminous with said edge of the gate,
whereby when said tongue is pressed inwardly
against said gate the latter will swing inwardly
providing an opening in the inner wall through
which the tongue may be swung to a position
member is in said transverse position.
which will allow the gate to be returned to its
10' 2. A fastening device for uniting sheet material,n original position to bind the tongue transversely 10
comprising hinged tongue means formed integral between said gate and said inner wall.
with one sheet, .an adjacent sheet having an open
6. A fastener for folding boxes and the like in
ing co-registered with said tongue means, and which certain parts of the object overlap other
hingedly associated with said opening and lying parts in juxtaposed face to face relation, said
therewithin, gate means designed to grip said fastener comprising an outer wall, said wall hav 15
tongue means between said gate means and the ing a tongue member formed integral therewith,
periphery of said opening adjacent the hinged said tongue member lying in co`-planar relation
. portion, the hinged portions of said tongue means to said Wall and having near its juncture with
and said gate means being angularly disposed.
said wall a bendable portion for allowing said
3. A fastening device for attaching two facially tongue to be bent inwardly out of the plane of 20
opposed sheets together, comprising a tongue in
said wall to a position transverse to the plane oi’
tegral with one sheet and having a bending line said wall, said tongue member having a widened
adjacent said sheet, and a gate integral with the portion outwardly of its bendable portion, and
other sheet and having a bending line adjacent
said latter sheet, said gate being positioned- to
underlie the tongue and with its bending line
transverse to the bending line of said tongue,
said gate having adjacent its bending line an edge
substantially underlying the bending line of said
30 tongue, the gate carrying sheet having a wall
edge substantially abutting the aforesaid edge of
the gate whereby the tongue may be gripped
therebetween.
4. A fastener for securing sheets of ñbre board
and the like together in face to face relation,
comprising hinged tongue means formed integral
with one sheet, and hinged gate means formed
integral with and co-planar with an adjacent
sheet and lying within an opening in said last
40 namedsheet, said tongue means and said gate
means having their hinged portions angularly
disposed, said gate means substantially under
lying said tongue means whereby when said
tongue means is depressed transversely of the
face of the sheets and against the gate means the
latter will be correspondinglydeflected to allow
the tongue means to pass through the opening
and whereby upon returning the gate means to
its original position the ‘tongue means will be
50 bound between said gate lmeans and the periphery
of the opening adjacent the hinged portion of
said gate means.
,
5. A fastening device comprising an outer wall,
an inner wall, said walls being disposed in face
Jl (A to face relation, said outer wall being incised to
form a tongue integral therewith, said 'tongue
being scored on the inner side to form a bending
line near its juncture with said outer wall, said
inner wall being incised to form a gate integral
60 therewith, said gate being scored on the inner
side to form a bending line near its .juncture with
said inner wall', said gate being disposed in under
lying relationto said tongue and in such mannerV
that their bending lines converge at an angle,
an inner wall having an opening therein, said
inner wall having a gate member formed integral 25
therewith, said gate member lying in oo-planar
relation to said inner wall and Within said open
ing, said gate member having near its .juncture
with said wall a‘bendable portion for allowing
the gate member to be bent inwardly out of the 30
plane of said inner wall to a position transverse
to the plane of said inner wall, said gate member
having adjacent one end of its bendable portion
and angularly disposed therewith a straight edge,
said edge being substantially co-extensive in .
length with the width of said tongue member at
its bending portion, a portion of the inner wall
substantially abutting said straight portion of
the gate member and being substantially co
extensive in length therewith, a second wall por
tion adjacent said first named wall portion and
disposed at an angle therewith, said tongue mem
ber and said opening being registerable in such
co-operative relation that the bendable portion
of the tongue member overlies the straight edge
of the gate member and the abutting wall portion
and in parallel relation thereto 'whereby the
tongue member may be bent through the said
opening and be bound between the parallel edges
of the gate member and the abutting ilrst named 50
wall portion.
'
7. A fastening device for uniting sheet material,
comprising a plurality of hinged tongue means
formed integral with one sheet, an adjacent sheet
having an opening co-registered with said tongue
means, and hingedly associated with said opening
and lying therewithin a plurality of gate means
designed to grip said tongue means between said
gate means and the periphery of said opening
adjacent the hinged portion of said gate means, 60
the hinged portion of said gate means and the
hinged portion of said tongue means being dis
posed in angular relation.
'
'
CHARLEY T. PATTERSON. '
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