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Патент USA US2120542

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June 14, 1938-
M. c. BLEsT ET A1.
2,120,542
CAR CONSTRUCTION
Filed Aug. ze, 1954-
‘ 2 Sheets-Sheet l
June 14, 1938.
M. c. aLl-:ST ET Al.
2,120,542
CAR CONSTRUCTION
Filed Aug. 28, 1934
2_SheetS-Sheet 2
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Patented June 14, 1938
2,120,542
lUNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,120,542
CAR CONSTRUCTION
Minot 'C. Blest and Felix Koch, Bellevue, Pa., as
signors to PressedSteel Car Company, McKees
Rocks, Pa., a corporation of New Jersey
.Application August 28, 1934, Serial No. '741,814
‘9 Claims.
5
(Cl. 1'05-397)
The invention pertains to railway passenger
being cut out at the posts as shown in Fig. 4 of
cars and particularly the side construction land
the drawings. Completing the girder plate of the
having for its object the provision of a rigid
girder side which may be readily assembled upon
side .construction is an outer sheathing Il se
the Vcar with =a minimum of labor and a reduction l
in the number of lparts usually present in such
constructions.
Further objects of the invention -lie in the novel
construction of the individual .parts comprising
10 the side construction.
Y
In the drawings forming a part vof the specifi
cation, Fig. 1 shows aportion ofthe side and roof
of a car of the character described; Fig. 2, 3 and
4 lare sections »taken on the lines 2_2, 3_3, and
4_4 respectively of Fig. 1; Fig. 5 is an enlarged
view of the side plate shown in Fig. 2.
Referring now in detail to the drawings where
like reference characters refer to like parts,
reference character I indicates a portion of the
20 side construction of a railway Apassenger car
comprising side sills 2, side plate 3, >side posts 4
and outer sheathing 5.
The side sill 2 is -of general channel shape hav
ing a web `li, top flange 'I and bottom flange 8.
25 The sill is preferably disposed upon the car with
the web 6 vertical and the flanges 'I and 8 dis
posed inwardly lof the car. The flange 'I is of
greater length than the flange `8 for a >purpose
which will be hereinafter described. The usual
cured to `the front -face of the posts 4 extending
beneath the belt rail I'Iì and overlapping the ex
tension «I0 of the center sill web 6.
Referring now to Fig. 2 of the drawings where
in is shown a section through the side of the car,
it will -be readily apparent Athat by forming the
side Vsill 2 as an integral member, a plurality of
advantages are obtained. The side sill being
formed in one piece can be furnished straight
with the flanges 'I and extension yI 0 at right angles
to veach vother and in the same relative planes
throughout the length of themember. By ex
tending `the flange 'I inwardly as shown and de
scribed .this flange serves vto close the bottoms
of the side posts 'so `as to insulate the Car. The
flange -l, by extending beneath the posts, pro
vides a support in the same plane extending 20
longitudinally of the 'car to receive the member
I2 which functions not only as a, `connecting
means for the rear of the side posts but is also
provided with an inwardly disposed flange I8
acting as a support .for -the floor plates I9. When
the posts are supported as described, the possi
bilities of weaving are materially reduced since
no hinging vaction can take place between the
bottom of the post and "top flange of the center
30 underframe members 9 of the car are framed
into the side sill 2 between the flanges and se
sill, as would exist if fa gusset plate were con
cured to the web 6 of the sill. As shown in the
drawings, the web of the side sill is extended
beyond 'the flange l as at III for a purpose which
35 will be hereinafter described.
The side Yposts 4 of the car are connected >to
the extension Il) of the web B of the side sill in
also provides a means for Ylining up the under
frame so that the transverse >members such as at
spaced relation to the top flange l. These posts
are of hollow construction having side walls, a
40 front Wall connecting the side walls and flanges
on the rear of the side Walls. The rear flanges
ofthe posts are connected to the flange 1 >of the
side sill by means of the member I2. Extending
longitudinally of the car and embracing the lup
45 per ends of the posts 4 is a side lplate I3 of U
shape having a connecting web and depending
flanges, the flanges embracing the posts and 4be
ing secured thereto. The connecting web Aof the
side .plate provides a convenient connection for
50 the roof carlines I4 which are connected thereto
by vmeans >of the gussets I5. A belt rail I6 ex
tends transversely of a plurality of the posts and
is preferably of a U-shape having a connecting
web and depending flanges, the connecting web
55.
serving as a Window sill between the posts .and
nected to the >post and flange 1.
30
This ñange ï
9 may be lined up -beneath the flange -I -before
connecting to the side sill. In the case of the
bolsters of the car, which are not shown, 'the top
cover plate may be 'readily extended out over
the 'flange 'I and fastened to the flange 1 and the
flanges of the >bolster diaphragms.
Referring now >to Figs. 2, 3 and 4 of vthe draw 40
ings, >the side posts 4 are preferably provided with
oppositely disposed integrally formed flanges 20
on the front face ofthe posts. These flanges may
extend from end to end of .the post as shown in
the drawings or they may extend only the length
of the windows and' be cut off below the belt rail.
These flanges have for their main purpose the
provision of guides for the outer sash .of the win
dows and to eliminate the necessity of extending
the side sheathing »above the belt rail. As shown 50
in the drawings the side posts are of two sizes,
the posts 4a being relatively narrow, provided
with the flanges 20 as are the posts 4 and having
the rear flanges on the sides of the posts turned
outwardly instead of inwardly of the posts so as 55
2
2,120,542
to permit access to the rivets securing the sheath
ing to the front face of the posts. These rear
underframe, a vertically disposed ñange at one
flanges on the posts 4 and 4a provide a con
side of the upper horizontal flange, and a bracket
on said upper horizontal ñange having an up
venient connection for the inside sheathing and
at the window openings are covered by a shield
standing leg forming, with the vertical flange,
a pocket, spaced vertical .posts having front and
As pre
rear faces secured to the vertical walls of the
viously described, the belt rail has the connect
2l as shown in Fig. 4 of the drawings.
pocket, an inverted U-shaped side plate member
embracing the front and rear faces of the posts,
the front leg of the side plate member extending
ing web cut out so as to iìt around the side posts
and as shown in Figs. 2 and 4 of the drawings
it is preferable to provide a chair 22 for the belt
a substantial distance down the front face of the
rail which is connected to the posts at the side - posts, a belt rail extending transversely of the
walls thereof, supports the belt rail and extends
adjacent the rear face of the posts. By cutting
out the side walls of the posts as shown in Fig. 4
a tie 23 may be inserted through the posts, fas
tened to the rear flanges thereof and to the rear
depending leg of the belt rail on each side of the
rear of the posts. In this manner the belt rail
may be made a continuous member on each side
20 of the posts and serve to reinforce the girder side
construction.
Referring now to Figs. 2 and 5 of the drawings
wherein is shown the side plate 3, the connect
ing web I3 serves to close the upper end of the
25 post to complete the insulation thereof and the
posts intermediate the ends thereof and con
nectedto the front and rear faces of the posts,
and sheathing extending between the posts and
between the belt rail and vertical flange of the 15
sill.
2. In a car side construction, an integrally
formed side sill comprising a Vertical web, ver
tically spaced inwardly extending flanges, a con
tinuation of said web extending above the top
iiange, side posts spaced longitudinally of said
sill and secured to said continuation of the web,
and a bracket mounted on sai-d top flange and
secured to the said posts.
3. In a car side construction, a side plate oi' 25
outer leg 24 is preferably extended downwardly
inverted U-shape having depending leg portions,
to the window opening to serve as a letter board
as well as a connection for the side posts. It
the outer leg having a drip molding of inverted
U-shape secured adjacent the lower edge thereof,
the inner leg having an outstanding flange ad
jacent the lower edge of said inner leg and con 30
will be obvious that this integral construction
30 reduces the number of, parts and consequently
reduces the amount of labor as well as contrib
uting to the strength of the side construction.
Adjacent the lower free edge of the depending
leg 2d of the side plate and integrally formed
35 thereon is a drip mol-ding 25 formed preferably
in spaced relation to the lower end 2@ of the letter
board. By so forming the side plate in this man
ner, openings can be drilled in the portion 26
for attachment of the weatherstrip 21 of the top
40 sash of the window as shown in dot and dash
lines in Fig. 5. In this manner there is no danger
when drilling the holes for the screws 28 in the
portion 25 of the side plate, of drilling through
the drip molding, thereby providing a convenient
45 gauge for the workmen assembling the cars and
preserving the exterior finish of the car.
At the rear of the side plate the depending
leg 29 serves to attach the side plate to the rear
ñanges of the posts 4 and ‘la and is provided with
50 a thickened portion or box 30 extending the
length thereof which forms a convenient attach
ment for the inside finish or molding shown in
dot and dash lines at 3i and a convenient attach
ment for the advertising card molding 32. Ad
55 jacent the lower free edge of the depending arm
29 of the side plate is an outwardly extending
iiange 33 which is preferably spaced above the
lower edge of the member 29, then extending
downwardly, then outwardly. This flange 33
nected thereto by means of an upwardly curved
portion forming with the leg a pocket of inverted
U-shape.
4. In a car side wall the combination of a side
sill comprising a web, an inwardly directed ñange 35
and a continuation of the web above said ñange,
a transverse framing member disposed beneath
the flange and secured to the web, a side post
disposed above said flange and secured to the ex
tension of said web, sheathing secured to said 40
post and extension of said web, and an angular
member secured to the post rearwardly of said
sheathing, one leg of said member overlying the
post, and a second leg of said member overlap
ping and secured to said side sill flange.
45
5. In a car side wall, the combination of a side
sill including a flange and a web disposed above
and below the said flange, a transverse framing
member disposed beneath the flange and secured
to said web, a side post disposed above the said 50
flange and secured to the said web, sheathing
secured to the front face of the post and side
sill web, an angular member secured to said side
sill ñange and the rear face of the side post, and
a flange on the portion of said angular member 55
secured to the post, said flange being disposed>
above the plane of said framing member and
supporting the ñoor of the car.
6. In a car side wall, in combination, a plu
60 serves as a support for the molding 3| and the
rality of side posts each having spaced side walls, 60
offset 3d formed therein provides a convenient
means for lapping the molding over the inside
finish 35 to provide a convenient and sightly
joint without the use of fastening members. It
65 will be observed in Fig. 2 that the inside finish
35 extending between the side posts may be con
nected to the side posts by means of the member
a web connecting one edge of said side walls, and
36 which is readily accessible and yet concealed
from view.
70
Having thus described the invention what we
claim as new and desire to secure by Letter Pat
ent is:
1. In a car side wall, a continuous sill member
extending throughout the length of the wall with
75 vertical and horizontal flanges embracing the
ñanges on the opposite edges of said side walls,
said web extending beyond the side walls to pro
vide a support for sash guides -disposed behind
the web extensions, sheathing on opposite sides 65
of said posts connected with said web and with
said flanges of the adjacent side posts below said
sash guides, and a belt rail disposed below said
sash guides and spanning a plurality of the posts,
said belt rail having a front leg secured to the 70
sheathing and side post webs, a rear leg con
nected with the adjacent sheathing and said post
flanges, and a web overlying said sheathing and
connecting said front Aand rear legs between said
posts.
75
3
2,120,542
7. In a car side wall, in combination, spaced
side posts comprising side walls, a web connect
ing one edge of the side walls, iianges on the
opposite edges of said side walls, a side plate
secured to the upper ends of said side posts and
Comprising a front leg secured to said Webs of
the posts, a rear leg connected with said post
side wall flanges and a web overlying said post
ends and connecting said legs, said legs having
10 bifurcated end portions disposed a substantial
distance below said web to provide supportI for
interior trim on the rear of said posts and eX~
tending to the tops of the window sash at the
front of the posts, roof carlines disposed above
15 said side plate web and connecte-d therewith.
8. An integral side plate for a railway car com
prising a front face of substantial height disposed
in the vertical plane of the side of the car, and a
bifurcated bottom edge on said face, the outer
portions of said biíurcated edge being disposed
outwardly of the plane of said front face and
having a bottom margin in spaced relation to the
inner portion of said bifurcated edge to form
therewith an inverted U.
9. In a car side Wall, a side plate of inverted
U-shape comprising vertically disposed spaced
leg portions connected at their upper ends by a
web» portion, the outer leg portion being disposed 10
in the plane of the side wall and having a bottom
marginal portion of inverted U-shape with the
outer leg of said marginal portion serving as a
drip molding protecting the inner leg of the
marginal portion and in spaced relation thereto. 15
MINOT C. BLEST.
FELIX KOCH.
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