Патент USA US2120542код для вставки
June 14, 1938- M. c. BLEsT ET A1. 2,120,542 CAR CONSTRUCTION Filed Aug. ze, 1954- ‘ 2 Sheets-Sheet l June 14, 1938. M. c. aLl-:ST ET Al. 2,120,542 CAR CONSTRUCTION Filed Aug. 28, 1934 2_SheetS-Sheet 2 f l l Ã l I l Í l ...1" Patented June 14, 1938 2,120,542 lUNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,120,542 CAR CONSTRUCTION Minot 'C. Blest and Felix Koch, Bellevue, Pa., as signors to PressedSteel Car Company, McKees Rocks, Pa., a corporation of New Jersey .Application August 28, 1934, Serial No. '741,814 ‘9 Claims. 5 (Cl. 1'05-397) The invention pertains to railway passenger being cut out at the posts as shown in Fig. 4 of cars and particularly the side construction land the drawings. Completing the girder plate of the having for its object the provision of a rigid girder side which may be readily assembled upon side .construction is an outer sheathing Il se the Vcar with =a minimum of labor and a reduction l in the number of lparts usually present in such constructions. Further objects of the invention -lie in the novel construction of the individual .parts comprising 10 the side construction. Y In the drawings forming a part vof the specifi cation, Fig. 1 shows aportion ofthe side and roof of a car of the character described; Fig. 2, 3 and 4 lare sections »taken on the lines 2_2, 3_3, and 4_4 respectively of Fig. 1; Fig. 5 is an enlarged view of the side plate shown in Fig. 2. Referring now in detail to the drawings where like reference characters refer to like parts, reference character I indicates a portion of the 20 side construction of a railway Apassenger car comprising side sills 2, side plate 3, >side posts 4 and outer sheathing 5. The side sill 2 is -of general channel shape hav ing a web `li, top flange 'I and bottom flange 8. 25 The sill is preferably disposed upon the car with the web 6 vertical and the flanges 'I and 8 dis posed inwardly lof the car. The flange 'I is of greater length than the flange `8 for a >purpose which will be hereinafter described. The usual cured to `the front -face of the posts 4 extending beneath the belt rail I'Iì and overlapping the ex tension «I0 of the center sill web 6. Referring now to Fig. 2 of the drawings where in is shown a section through the side of the car, it will -be readily apparent Athat by forming the side Vsill 2 as an integral member, a plurality of advantages are obtained. The side sill being formed in one piece can be furnished straight with the flanges 'I and extension yI 0 at right angles to veach vother and in the same relative planes throughout the length of themember. By ex tending `the flange 'I inwardly as shown and de scribed .this flange serves vto close the bottoms of the side posts 'so `as to insulate the Car. The flange -l, by extending beneath the posts, pro vides a support in the same plane extending 20 longitudinally of the 'car to receive the member I2 which functions not only as a, `connecting means for the rear of the side posts but is also provided with an inwardly disposed flange I8 acting as a support .for -the floor plates I9. When the posts are supported as described, the possi bilities of weaving are materially reduced since no hinging vaction can take place between the bottom of the post and "top flange of the center 30 underframe members 9 of the car are framed into the side sill 2 between the flanges and se sill, as would exist if fa gusset plate were con cured to the web 6 of the sill. As shown in the drawings, the web of the side sill is extended beyond 'the flange l as at III for a purpose which 35 will be hereinafter described. The side Yposts 4 of the car are connected >to the extension Il) of the web B of the side sill in also provides a means for Ylining up the under frame so that the transverse >members such as at spaced relation to the top flange l. These posts are of hollow construction having side walls, a 40 front Wall connecting the side walls and flanges on the rear of the side Walls. The rear flanges ofthe posts are connected to the flange 1 >of the side sill by means of the member I2. Extending longitudinally of the car and embracing the lup 45 per ends of the posts 4 is a side lplate I3 of U shape having a connecting web and depending flanges, the flanges embracing the posts and 4be ing secured thereto. The connecting web Aof the side .plate provides a convenient connection for 50 the roof carlines I4 which are connected thereto by vmeans >of the gussets I5. A belt rail I6 ex tends transversely of a plurality of the posts and is preferably of a U-shape having a connecting web and depending flanges, the connecting web 55. serving as a Window sill between the posts .and nected to the >post and flange 1. 30 This ñange ï 9 may be lined up -beneath the flange -I -before connecting to the side sill. In the case of the bolsters of the car, which are not shown, 'the top cover plate may be 'readily extended out over the 'flange 'I and fastened to the flange 1 and the flanges of the >bolster diaphragms. Referring now >to Figs. 2, 3 and 4 of vthe draw 40 ings, >the side posts 4 are preferably provided with oppositely disposed integrally formed flanges 20 on the front face ofthe posts. These flanges may extend from end to end of .the post as shown in the drawings or they may extend only the length of the windows and' be cut off below the belt rail. These flanges have for their main purpose the provision of guides for the outer sash .of the win dows and to eliminate the necessity of extending the side sheathing »above the belt rail. As shown 50 in the drawings the side posts are of two sizes, the posts 4a being relatively narrow, provided with the flanges 20 as are the posts 4 and having the rear flanges on the sides of the posts turned outwardly instead of inwardly of the posts so as 55 2 2,120,542 to permit access to the rivets securing the sheath ing to the front face of the posts. These rear underframe, a vertically disposed ñange at one flanges on the posts 4 and 4a provide a con side of the upper horizontal flange, and a bracket on said upper horizontal ñange having an up venient connection for the inside sheathing and at the window openings are covered by a shield standing leg forming, with the vertical flange, a pocket, spaced vertical .posts having front and As pre rear faces secured to the vertical walls of the viously described, the belt rail has the connect 2l as shown in Fig. 4 of the drawings. pocket, an inverted U-shaped side plate member embracing the front and rear faces of the posts, the front leg of the side plate member extending ing web cut out so as to iìt around the side posts and as shown in Figs. 2 and 4 of the drawings it is preferable to provide a chair 22 for the belt a substantial distance down the front face of the rail which is connected to the posts at the side - posts, a belt rail extending transversely of the walls thereof, supports the belt rail and extends adjacent the rear face of the posts. By cutting out the side walls of the posts as shown in Fig. 4 a tie 23 may be inserted through the posts, fas tened to the rear flanges thereof and to the rear depending leg of the belt rail on each side of the rear of the posts. In this manner the belt rail may be made a continuous member on each side 20 of the posts and serve to reinforce the girder side construction. Referring now to Figs. 2 and 5 of the drawings wherein is shown the side plate 3, the connect ing web I3 serves to close the upper end of the 25 post to complete the insulation thereof and the posts intermediate the ends thereof and con nectedto the front and rear faces of the posts, and sheathing extending between the posts and between the belt rail and vertical flange of the 15 sill. 2. In a car side construction, an integrally formed side sill comprising a Vertical web, ver tically spaced inwardly extending flanges, a con tinuation of said web extending above the top iiange, side posts spaced longitudinally of said sill and secured to said continuation of the web, and a bracket mounted on sai-d top flange and secured to the said posts. 3. In a car side construction, a side plate oi' 25 outer leg 24 is preferably extended downwardly inverted U-shape having depending leg portions, to the window opening to serve as a letter board as well as a connection for the side posts. It the outer leg having a drip molding of inverted U-shape secured adjacent the lower edge thereof, the inner leg having an outstanding flange ad jacent the lower edge of said inner leg and con 30 will be obvious that this integral construction 30 reduces the number of, parts and consequently reduces the amount of labor as well as contrib uting to the strength of the side construction. Adjacent the lower free edge of the depending leg 2d of the side plate and integrally formed 35 thereon is a drip mol-ding 25 formed preferably in spaced relation to the lower end 2@ of the letter board. By so forming the side plate in this man ner, openings can be drilled in the portion 26 for attachment of the weatherstrip 21 of the top 40 sash of the window as shown in dot and dash lines in Fig. 5. In this manner there is no danger when drilling the holes for the screws 28 in the portion 25 of the side plate, of drilling through the drip molding, thereby providing a convenient 45 gauge for the workmen assembling the cars and preserving the exterior finish of the car. At the rear of the side plate the depending leg 29 serves to attach the side plate to the rear ñanges of the posts 4 and ‘la and is provided with 50 a thickened portion or box 30 extending the length thereof which forms a convenient attach ment for the inside finish or molding shown in dot and dash lines at 3i and a convenient attach ment for the advertising card molding 32. Ad 55 jacent the lower free edge of the depending arm 29 of the side plate is an outwardly extending iiange 33 which is preferably spaced above the lower edge of the member 29, then extending downwardly, then outwardly. This flange 33 nected thereto by means of an upwardly curved portion forming with the leg a pocket of inverted U-shape. 4. In a car side wall the combination of a side sill comprising a web, an inwardly directed ñange 35 and a continuation of the web above said ñange, a transverse framing member disposed beneath the flange and secured to the web, a side post disposed above said flange and secured to the ex tension of said web, sheathing secured to said 40 post and extension of said web, and an angular member secured to the post rearwardly of said sheathing, one leg of said member overlying the post, and a second leg of said member overlap ping and secured to said side sill flange. 45 5. In a car side wall, the combination of a side sill including a flange and a web disposed above and below the said flange, a transverse framing member disposed beneath the flange and secured to said web, a side post disposed above the said 50 flange and secured to the said web, sheathing secured to the front face of the post and side sill web, an angular member secured to said side sill ñange and the rear face of the side post, and a flange on the portion of said angular member 55 secured to the post, said flange being disposed> above the plane of said framing member and supporting the ñoor of the car. 6. In a car side wall, in combination, a plu 60 serves as a support for the molding 3| and the rality of side posts each having spaced side walls, 60 offset 3d formed therein provides a convenient means for lapping the molding over the inside finish 35 to provide a convenient and sightly joint without the use of fastening members. It 65 will be observed in Fig. 2 that the inside finish 35 extending between the side posts may be con nected to the side posts by means of the member a web connecting one edge of said side walls, and 36 which is readily accessible and yet concealed from view. 70 Having thus described the invention what we claim as new and desire to secure by Letter Pat ent is: 1. In a car side wall, a continuous sill member extending throughout the length of the wall with 75 vertical and horizontal flanges embracing the ñanges on the opposite edges of said side walls, said web extending beyond the side walls to pro vide a support for sash guides -disposed behind the web extensions, sheathing on opposite sides 65 of said posts connected with said web and with said flanges of the adjacent side posts below said sash guides, and a belt rail disposed below said sash guides and spanning a plurality of the posts, said belt rail having a front leg secured to the 70 sheathing and side post webs, a rear leg con nected with the adjacent sheathing and said post flanges, and a web overlying said sheathing and connecting said front Aand rear legs between said posts. 75 3 2,120,542 7. In a car side wall, in combination, spaced side posts comprising side walls, a web connect ing one edge of the side walls, iianges on the opposite edges of said side walls, a side plate secured to the upper ends of said side posts and Comprising a front leg secured to said Webs of the posts, a rear leg connected with said post side wall flanges and a web overlying said post ends and connecting said legs, said legs having 10 bifurcated end portions disposed a substantial distance below said web to provide supportI for interior trim on the rear of said posts and eX~ tending to the tops of the window sash at the front of the posts, roof carlines disposed above 15 said side plate web and connecte-d therewith. 8. An integral side plate for a railway car com prising a front face of substantial height disposed in the vertical plane of the side of the car, and a bifurcated bottom edge on said face, the outer portions of said biíurcated edge being disposed outwardly of the plane of said front face and having a bottom margin in spaced relation to the inner portion of said bifurcated edge to form therewith an inverted U. 9. In a car side Wall, a side plate of inverted U-shape comprising vertically disposed spaced leg portions connected at their upper ends by a web» portion, the outer leg portion being disposed 10 in the plane of the side wall and having a bottom marginal portion of inverted U-shape with the outer leg of said marginal portion serving as a drip molding protecting the inner leg of the marginal portion and in spaced relation thereto. 15 MINOT C. BLEST. FELIX KOCH.