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Патент USA US2120674

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E. B. NEWILL
June 14, 1938.
2,120,674
REFRIGERATING APPARATUS
3 Sheets-Sheet l
I Original Filed July 20, 1935
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HIS ATTORNEYS.
June 14,1938. _
2,120,674
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REFRIGERATING APPARATUS’
Original Fi'led July 20, 1955
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
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INVENTOR.
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BY
MIMMM.
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ATTORNEYS.
June 14, 1938.
E. B. NEWILL
‘
2,120,674
' REFRIGERA'I‘ING ‘APPARATUS
Original Filed July 20, 1935
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INVENTOR.
BY
W M“ “4 a,
HIS ATTORNEYS,
Patented June 14, 1938
' - 2,120,674
’ UNITED- STATES
‘
PATENT OFFICE -
2,120,674
'REFRIGERATING APPARATUS
Edward B.- Newill, Dayton, Ohio, assignor to
‘General Motors Corporation, Dayton, Ohio, a
_ corporation of Delaware
-
Application July 20, 1935, Serial No. 32,415
a
>
Renewed November 5, 1937
6 Claims. (Cl. 312-173)
This invention relates to refrigerating appa
to Fig. 2; and shows the shelving in a rearranged
ratus and particularly to refrigerating cabinets
position;
of the household type.
An object of the present invention is to pro
5 vide an improved food supporting shelf arrange
ment within the storage compartment of a house- .
hold refrigerator cabinet.
‘
Another object of the present invention is to
provide a shelf arrangement for a household're
10' frigerator cabinet which includes a plurality of
I
'
.
Fig. 4 is a horizontal sectional view through
the refrigerator cabinet taken on the line 44-4
of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is an enlarged sectional view taken 'on the
line 5-—5 of ‘Fig. 4 showing the construction of a
portion of one of the shelves of the shelf arrange
ment of the present invention; and
'
Fig. 6 is a view similar to Fig. 5 showing a mov- 10
shelf portions that can be selectively moved into .
able member attached to the shelf portion in a
various positions to. modify the arrangement to
meet different food storage requirements.
raised position.
'
Referring to the drawings, for the purpose of
A further object of the invention is to provide u
illustrating
my invention, I have shown in Fig; 1
15 an improved shelving apparatus for a household thereof a refrigerator
cabinet of the household 15
refrigerator cabinet having a predetermined type generally designated
by the reference char
amount of shelf food supporting surface or area
and when altered to afford a different arrange
.
ment of the storage of food products in the re-_
.20 frigerator the same predetermined total shelf
food supporting surface is available for supporting
food products in the food compartment of the
cabinet.‘
In carrying out the foregoing objects it is a
ggstill further object of‘ the invention to provide
an improved shelf arrangement for a refriger
ator cabinet which will, if desired, permit the
storage of food products in the same manner as in
acter H). The cabinet l0 includes a plurality of
any suitably insulated walls It adjacent to and
surrounding a metallic member l2 which forms a
liner for'the food storage compartment or cham
ber l3. The edges of the open side of ,the food
compartment liner l2 may be secured to the
door opening frame of the cabinet ill in any suit
able and well-known manner. Adoor l4 pivot
ally mounted upon cabinet I0 is provided for 25
closing the access opening leading to the interior
of compartment l3. An evaporator or cooling
element l6 of any conventional design is mounted
conventional refrigerators while at the same in the compartment [3 by ‘being suspendingly
39 time permitting the storage of additional tall vsupported
from the top wall thereof. I. This cool- 30
bottled beverages and the like adjacent 'the front ving element
is adapted to be connected with a
edge of one, of the shelves of the shelf arrange
suitable refrigerant liquefying and circulating
ment and which will also provide for the ready unit
(not shown) in a well-known manner so as
removal ‘of products stored in the refrigerator‘ to cause
the element to produce a refrigerating
35 cabinet by utilizing portions of the shelf arrange
effect for cooling chamber‘ l3 and causing'circu- 35
’ ment, removed from other portions thereof ‘to
provide space for the storage of tall .bottled
lation of air therein.
‘
Thechamber l3~is partitioned or divided into‘
a
plurality
of superimposed horizontally extend
affording access to the i terior of the refriger
ing food storage spaces or compartmentsby a.
40 ator cabinet.
'
,Further objects and advantages of the present ~ plurality of shelves generally designated ‘by the 40,
reference‘ character I‘I. Certain of the shelves
invention will be apparent from the following de
I1 are formed by a shelf arrangement‘ I8 com
scription, reference being had to the accompany
ing drawings, wherein a preferred form of the I prising a shelf portion l9 and another shelf por- '
tion 20 which forms a complementary part of
4:; present invention is clearly shown.
the shelf portion IS in the arrangement 18. All 45
In the‘drawings:
‘
of the shelves ll provide, within chamber ‘l3 of
Fig. 1 is a front view of a refrigerator cabinet cabinet
III, a predetermined ‘amount of shelf food
showing the food compartment door in open posi
tion and disclosing an arrangement of shelves in supporting surface or area which is desired to be
50 the food compartment constructed in accordance ‘maintained within the cabinet irrespective‘ of
various changes in the shelving for permitting 50
with the present invention;
beverages, as food shelves or supports on the door
Fig. 2 is an enlarged vertical sectional'view
I 7 through the refrigerator cabinet taken on the line
2-2 of Fig. 1;
55
Fig. 3 is/a fragmentary sectional view, similar
di?erent food storage arrangements in the cabi- _
net. It will be noted that in Fig. 3 of the draw-'
ings the two lower shelves are formed by the shelf
arrangements l8 and that these shelves l8 are
arranged to provide ?at horizontally disposed 66
2,120.674
‘food supporting surfaces or areas occupying sub-l ing vsurface or area and is also provided with‘ a
stantially all of the cross-sectional area of cham-_
ber l3 asis common in conventional refrigerators.
When the shelves l6 are arranged as shown in
Fig. 3 the refrigerator cabinet I0 is provided with
a predetermined maximum amount of shelf food
supporting surface and. also a tall bottled bever- ,
I - age storage space- adjacent the left side of the
evaporator or cooling element I6 as viewed in
10
Fig.
1.
'
‘
Each-of the shelf portions IQ of the shelf ar
rangements I8 comprise a metal rim member 2|
having a plurality'of crosspieces 22 secured there
to by soldering ,or welding same. These por
tions l9 of shelves l8 are provided with mounting
studs preferably of soft‘resilient material adjust‘
ably secured to extensions 24 welded to rim 2|
__(see Fig. 4). The studs 23 are adapted to engage
the walls, or to ?t into depressions provided in
the walls, of liner member l2 to stationarily se
cure the shelf portions IQ of shelves 18 within
compartment l3. It will be noted that the front.
edge of shelf portions l9 are spaced from the
front of the chamber l3 and from the inner
1 surface of
door
M.
This space . is normally
adapted to be occupied by the movable shelf por
tions 20 of the shelf arrangements l8. Brackets
or sockets 26 are welded or otherwise secured to
the rim 2| of shelf portion l9 and other brackets
or- sockets 21 similar to the brackets or sockets
26 are secured in any suitable manner to the
inner wall of door It. The detachable or mov
able shelf portions 26 of the shelf arrangements I3
include a rim member formed by a back rod piece
28 and a front U-shaped rod piece 29 (see Figs.
4, 5 and 6). -The ends of the back rod piece 28
axe bent downwardly as at 30 to provide legs or
extensions which are adapted to ?t in openings
provided in the brackets or sockets 26 and 21 to
storage space of predetermined size for the re
ception of tall bottled beverages. However, it
quite frequently occurs that more bottled bever
ages are desired to be stored in chamber l3 than
can be accommodated in the bottle storage space
originally provided therein‘. It isalso desirable
to maintain the total predetermined shelf food
supporting surface or- area within chamber l3
of cabinet l0 even when it is desired to store
additional ‘bottled products therein. My inven—
tion is therefore particularly directed to a novel
shelf arrangement which will permit the carry
ing out of these desirabilities. In other words
my invention permits an additional quantity of
tall bottled beverages to be stored in the storage
chamber of a refrigerator cabinet than can be
ordinarily accommodated therein without depriv
ing the user of valuable shelf food supporting sur
faces. To carry out these requirements or de
sirables the function and rearrangement. of the
shelving arrangement disclosed and herein pre
viously described will now be explained.
My improved shelving arrangement may be
positioned or arranged as shown in Fig. 3 of the
drawings to provide a conventional ?at shelf
which occupies substantially all of a horizontal
cross-sectional plane of the chamber 13. When
in this position the movable shelf portion 20 is
carried by and forms a complementary part of
the stationarily mounted shelf portion l9 of the.
shelf arrangement; l8 and is positioned in the
space between. the front edge of shelf portion
l9 and the door It. The movable guide-rail 36
provided on shelf portion 20 is moved down
wardly into the position shown in Fig. 5 of they
drawings so that the longitudinal portion there
of ?ts into the' depression 32 provided in cross
pieces 3| to provide a‘ flat shelf surface and to
positions. ' A ‘plurality of cross rods 3| extend
eliminate the necessity of lifting food products
over the guide-rail during removal thereof from
from the back rod 28 to the front rod 29 and
these cross rods have a‘ depression 32 formed
therein for a purpose tobe presently described.
porting surfaces of the arrangement is occupied
firmly support the shelf portions 20 in various
the flat shelf l8 in the arrangement shown in
Fig. 3. Assuming that all of the shelf-food sup
and also that the space for tall bottled bever
ages or the like, adjacent the cooling element
rods 3| thereof have an outwardly extending por
I6, is" ?lled and it is desired or required to place
tion bent as at 33 provided thereon for ‘a purpose
to be also presently described. At each end of - more bottled' beverages in the refrigerator cabi
net I0. The food products stored on the mov
the movable shelf portion 20 of the shelf arrange
able-shelf portion 20 of the shelf arrangements
ment
l8
an
inverted-'U-shaped
wire
member
34
50
' has its leg portions welded or otherwise secured, l8 are therefore temporarily removed therefrom.
to the rod pieces 28 and 29 so as to ?rmly hold The movable complementary shelf portions 20 of
the-member 34 in a vertically’ disposed position the‘ shelf arrangements l8 are then detached
to provide guide-rails at the ends or sides of the fromthe stationary shelf portion l9, by remov
shelf portion 26. When the shelf portion 20 of ing the legs or depending portions 30 of shelf
the shelf arrangement I8 is carried by the door , portion 26 from ‘the holes in the brackets or
sockets 26, and are turned around and moved
ll of cabinet In it is desired to provide a guide
upwardly so that the legs or depending portions
rail along the edge of the shelf portion 20 to pre
vent food products or other, articles placed on 30 on the shelf portion 20 register with and may
this shelf portion from rolling or falling there- » be placed in the openings provided in- the brack
.from during movement of the door. Therefore etsor sockets 21 secured to door M. After the
I provide a wire member 36 with looped portions shelf portions 20 have been secured to doorv l4v
31 which surround the rod piece 29. It willbe the guide-rail 36 provided on shelf 20 is raised
into the position shown in Fig. 6 to form a bask
noted (see Figs. 5 and 6) that the wire guide
et-like shelf on‘ the door. The food products that
rail or member 36 is movable or adjustable rela
tive to the shelf portion 26 and that‘this movabil-v were temporarily removed from the shelf por
ity is for a purpose to be presently described. It tions 26 are then to be replaced thereon for
storage in compartment l3 and are therefore eas
is obvious (see. Fig. 6) that when the wire mem
ily accessible when door I4 is opened.‘ By the
ber 36 is elevated it strikes the extensions 33 pro
just described it will be apparent 70
"lo videdon two of the wires 3| and thus the exten arrangement
sions 33 form a stop for preventing articles stored that a relatively tall space has been provided
adjacent the front edge of the stationary shelf
on the shelf portion 20 from pushing the guide.
portion Is for the reception in a vertical posi
rail 36 out of its vertical position.
i
.
_
As before stated the storage chamber l3 has tion of bottled beverages (see Fig. 2). This re
arrangement to provide more space in the cham 7.5
2 a predetermined maximum of shelf food support- .
_ The cross rods at each side of 'the plurality of
2,120,674
3
.
ber l3 for tall bottled beverages does not deprive } rying said movable shelf portion,’ means on said
the user of the maximum food supporting sur
door for detachably carrying said movable shelf
faces ‘in the refrigerator cabinet since the same portion, said movable shelf portion being adapted
total horizontally disposed shelf area is‘main
to be selectively supported on either means, said '
tained therein by attaching the complementary movable shelf portion when supported'by said
shelf portions 20 of the shelf arrangements l8 means on said stationarily mounted shelf por
to the door ML. The shelf arrangements dis
tion forming a complementary part of the shelf
closed may, if desired, be used in the rearranged arrangement to provide said predetermined food
position as described and shown in Figs. 1 and 2
supporting surface or area within said compart
10 of the drawings at all times, regardless of whether
the space adjacent the front edge of the station
ary shelfportion I9 is to be used for the stor
age of bottled beverages or not, to afford up-to
date storage and easy accessibility of small food
15 .products vor articles which are frequently used
during the preparation of a meal and which ordi
.narily become concealed in conventional refrig
erators by being moved or placed behind other
larger objects in the food chamberi
20
ported by said means on said door completing
said predetermined food supporting surface or
area within said compartment and providing a
space adjacent the front edge of said stationarily
mounted shelf portion and said door for the re 15
ception in a vertical position of tall bottled bev
erages, said movable- portion of said shelf ar
rangement having a movable member attached
thereto for providing a guide-rail therefor when
From the foregoing it will be seen that I have same is carried by said means on said door.~
20
provided an improved shelving arrangement for
3. In 'a refrigerator cabinet, a compartment
household refrigerator cabinets that can be selec 1 having an access opening and a door for closing
tively and alternatively moved into various posi
said opening, a shelf arrangement within said
tions within'the storage chamber of the cabinet compartment, means for supporting said shelf
25 to meet different foodstcra'ge requirements. My
improved shelf arrangement can be altered or
changed to meet various food storage require
ments Without eliminating any of the shelf food
supporting surfaces or’ areas originally provided
30 in the food chamber. Thus my shelving ar
rangement provides additional space within a
refrigerator cabinetfor the storage of tall bottled
beverages, when needed, without depriving the
35
ment, and said movable shelf portion when sup-‘ 10
user of valuable shelf food supporting surfaces.
While the form of embodiment of the inven
arrangement within said compartment, said shelf 25
arrangement including two portions, the one
portion of said1 shelf arrangement disposed ad
jacent the access opening to said compartment
being movable relative to the other portion there
of, means on said door for detachably carrying 30
said movable shelf portion, said movable shelf
portion being adapted to be selectively supported
on either means, said movable shelf portion when
supported by said ?rst named means within said
compartment being disposed in substantially the 86
tion as herein disclosed, constitutes a preferred
same horizontal plane with said other shelf por
form, it is to be understood that other forms
might be adopted, all coming within the scope of
'tion and forming a complementary part of the
shelf arrangement; to provide a predetermined
the claims whichv follow.
food supporting surface or area within said com
'
partment, and said movable shelf portion whenv 40
What is claimed is as follows:
1. In a refrigerator cabinet, a compartment
supported by said means on said door completing
having an-access opening and a door for closing said predetermined food supporting surface or
said opening,‘ a shelf arrangement within said - area within said-compartment and providing a
compartment providing a food supporting sure space adjacent the front edge ofsaid other shelf
portion and said door for the reception in a
45 face or area of predetermined size within said
compartment, said‘ shelf arrangement compris
ing a stationarily mounted shelf portion and a
movable shelf portion, means on said stationarily
vertical position of tall bottled beverages.
4. In a refrigerator cabinet, a compartment
having an access opening and a door for closing
mounted shelf portion for detachably carrying
said opening, a shelf arrangement within said'
v4.5
50 'said movable shelf portion, means onsaid door , . compartment, means vfor supporting said shelf
for detachably carrying said movable shelf por
arrangement within said compartment, said shelf 50
tion, said movable shelf portion being adapted arrangement including two portions, the one por
to be selectively supported on either means, said tion of said shelf arrangement-disposed adjacent
movable shelf portion when supported by said the access opening to said compartment being
means on said stationarily mounted shelf portion movable relative to the other portion thereof,
55
forming a complementary part of the shelf ar
means on said door for-detachably carrying said
rangement to provide said predetermined food movable shelf portion, said movable shelf por
supporting surface or area within said compart- - tion being adapted to be selectively supported
ment, and said movable shelf portion when sup
on either means, said movable shelf portion when 6.0 ported by said means on said door completing supported by said ?rst named means within said
said predetermined food supporting surface or compartment being disposed in substantially the
area within said compartment and providing a
same horizontal plane with ‘said other shelf por
tion and forming a complementary part of the
space adjacent the front edge of said stationarily
mounted shelf portion and said door for the re
65 ception in a vertical position of tall bottled bev
erages.
2. In a refrigerator cabinet, a compartment
having an access opening and a door for closing
said opening. a shelf arrangement within said
70 compartment providing a food supporting sur
face or area of predetermined size within said
compartment, said shelf arrangement compris
ing a stationarily mounted shelf portion and a
movable shelf- portion, means on said station
75 arily mounted-shelf portion for detachably car
shelf arrangement to provide a predetermined
food supporting surface or area within said com 65
partment, and said movable shelf portion when '
supported by said means on said door completing
said predetermined food supporting surface or
area within said compartment and providing a
o
space adjacent the front edge of said other shelf
portion and said door for the reception in a
70
vertical position of tall bottled beverages, said
movable portion of said shelf arrangement hav
ing a movable member attached thereto for pro
75
4.
2,120,674
by said means on said door.
compartment, means for supporting said shelf ar
rangement within said compartment, said shelf
5. In a refrigerator cabinet, a compartment
having an access opening and a door for closing
said opening, a shelf arrangement within said
compartment, means for supporting said shelf
tion of said shelf arrangement disposed adjacent
the access opening to said compartment being
movable relative to the other portion thereof,
arrangement within said compartment, said
shelf arrangement including two portions, the one
portion of said shelf arrangement disposed ad
10 ja'cent the access opening to said compartment
being movable relative to the other portion there
of, means on said door for detachably carrying
movable shelf portion, said movable shelf portion
being adapted to be selectively supported on
either means, said movable shelf portion when
supported by said ?rst named means within said
viding a rail therearound when same is carried
said movable shelf portion, said movable shelf
portion being adapted to be selectively supported
15 on either‘means, said movable shelf portion when
supported by said first named means within said
compartment being disposed in substantially the
‘ same horizontal plane with said other shelf- por
tion and forming a complementary part of the
20 shelf arrangement to provide a predetermined
food supporting surface or area within said com
partment, and said movable shelf portion when
arrangement including two portions, the one por
means on said door for detachably carrying said
‘compartment being disposed in substantially the
same horizontal plane with said other shelf por
tion and forming a complementary part of the
shelf arrangement to provide a predetermined
food supporting surface or area within said com
partment, said movable shelf portion when sup
ported by said means on said door completing
said predetermined food supporting surface or
area of said shelf arrangement within said com- _
partment and being movable-outwardly of the
‘ compartment when said door is opened, said mov
area of said shelf arrangement within said
able portion of the shelf arrangement having a
member attached thereto and normally. lying in
substantially the same horizontal plane there
6. In a refrigerator cabinet, at compartment
.having an access opening and a door for closing
means on said door.
supported by said means on said door completing
said predetermined food supporting surface or
compartment and being movable outwardly of with, and said member being movable upwardly
_ relative to said movable shelf portion to provide
the compartment when sai door is opened.
30 said opening, a shelf arrangement within said
a rail therealong when same is carried by said
EDWARD B.
30
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