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Патент USA US2120759

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Junè 14, 193s.
R. LITTLE
2,120,759
TEXTILE GREEL
Filed July> 1o, 195e
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_June 14,
R. MT1-LE
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TEXTILE CREEL
Filed July 1o, 195e
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2,120,759
Patented June 14, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT GFFTCE
2,1203 59
TEXTILE CREEL
Royal Little, Providence, R. I., assigner to Frank
lin Rayon Corporation, Providence, It. I., a cor
poration of Rhode Island
Application July 10, 1936, Serial No. 89,964
8 Claims. (Cl. 242-131)
This invention relates to creels for use in the
textile art and more particularly to creels for
use with winding machines, twisting and doubling
frames or other textile apparatus requiring the
delivery of yarn from rotatable supply-packages.
One object of the present invention is to Dro
vide a cree] of compact structure capable of
supporting a maximum number of supply-pack
ages 1n a minimum space.
Another object of the invention is to provide
10 a creel of the type indicated in which the supply
packages are mounted on spindles movable to
ward and away from the creel frame to facilitate
16
20
donning and dofñng the supplies.
Another object of the invention is to provide
a creel of the type indicated for rotatably sup
porting groups of packages in parallel relation
ship with the axes of the packages of each
group oiîset from a vertical plane to provide for
free delivery of the yarns from all of the sup
plies.
Another object of the invention is to provide
a creel of the type indicated having spaced par
allel stanchions between which a group of sup
ply-packages are rotatably mounted on spindles
2 carried by one of the stanchions and supported
in part by an adjacent stanchion.
Another object of the present invention is to
provide a creel of the type indicated in which the
stanchions form a sectional frame for supporting
3 O the groups of supply-packages in parallel side
by-side relationship so that the number of groups
of packages may be increased by adding sections
to the frame.
Further objects of the improvement are set
35 forth in the following speciñcation which de
scribes a preferred form of construction of the
invention, by way of example, as illustrated by
the accompanying drawings. In the drawings:
Fig. l is a side elevational View of a section of
a creel embodying the novel features of the pres
ent invention and showing three groups of sup
ply-packages with the packages of each group
45
supported between parallel stanchions in vertical
spaced relationship;
Fig. 2 is an end elevational view of the creel
showing the supply-packages of one group ar
ranged in offset relationship with one of the sup
porting spindles illustrated in dash lines as hav
50 ing been moved outwardly away from the frame;
and
Fig. 3 is a detailed plan view of one pair of
the spaced stanchions of the frame showing one
of the package-supporting sp-indles moved out
65 wardly away from the stanchions.
The present improved creel comprises, in gen
eral, a sectional frame consisting of a plurality
of vertical stanchions adapted to be mounted in
spaced parallel relationship. Each stanchion has
a series of arms pivotally mounted thereon which
carry laterally-extending spindles. The spindles
are adapted to rotatably support a group of sup
ply-packages with the projecting end of’ each
spindle seated in a bearing on the next adja
cent stanchion. In this manner a compact ar
10
rangement of the supplies is effected and the
capacity of the creel may be increased by the
addition of further stanchions. The stanchions
are preferably inclined forwardly so that the
packages are o?îset one in advance of another t0
15
ward the top of the creel and each spindle is
adapted to be moved away from the frame by
rocking its supporting arm on its pivot to permit
the packages to be placed thereon or doffed there
20
from.
Referring now to the drawings, the creel is
shown as applied to use on a twisting frame
wherein a group of strands supplied from indi
vidual package units arranged one above an
other are twisted into a single thread. The im 25
proved creel is constructed with a sectional
frame comprised of stanchions 5 arranged in
spaced parallel relationship. Each of the stan
chions 5 is in the form of a bracket having rear
wardly-extending webs 6 and l with feet 8 and 30
9 at their ends bolted to horizontally-extending
rails Ill and I I of the machine to which the creel
is applied. The webs 6 and 'I are of different
lengths and so proportioned that the stanchions
5 extend forwardly toward the top at a slight ‘
angle to a vertical plane to provide for support
ing the supply-spindles in oi‘r’set relationship.
Each stanchion 5 has forwardly-extending ears
I2 arranged in vertically spaced relationship and
slots I3 intermediate the ears of each pair. The
slots I3 are inclined downwardly from the front
of the stanchions to form socketed bearing seats
for a purpose to be later explained. The for
wardly-projecting ears I2 are formed with bosses
I4 in which are ñxedly held pins I5 extending at 45
right-angles to the stanchions, as most clearly
shown in Figs. i and 3. Arms I6 are pivotally
mounted on the projecting portions of the pins
I5, being held in place by collars Il' secured to
the ends of the pins. Preferably, the arms I6
have laterally-extending hubs I8 bored to receive
the pivot-pins I5 and serving to space the arms
from the sides of the stanchions 5.
Spindles 25 carried at the free ends of the arms
I6 extend horizontally across the space between
2
2,120,759
the stanchions 5 of each pair with their outer
ends overlying the next laterally adjacent stan
chion. The distance along each arm I6 between
the axes of the pin I5 and spindle 25 is equal to
ì the distance between the centers of the bosses I4
and the slots I3 so that the end of each spindle
will enter one of the slots and seat in the closed
end thereof.
Each arm I5 is thus pivotally
mounted, for movement from one side to the
10 other of a vertical plane common to the axis of
its pivot-pin I5, being supported in a position
inclined rearwardly from this plane by the en
gagement of the outer end of its spindle 25 with
the end of the slot I3. Movement of the arm
15 I6 to the forward side of the vertical plane and
downwardly into the position indicated by the
dash lines in Fig. 2 is limited by a stop 26 pro
jecting from the hub il of the arm and adapted
to engage the under side of the ear I2 projecting
20 forwardly from the stanchion 5.
When the pívoted arms I6 are swung forwardly
and downwardly to the position illustrated by
dash lines in Fig. 2 the supply-packages P may be
mounted on the spindles 25 by sliding them over
25 the free ends thereof. The supply-package may
be of any suitable form such as a cop, cone, spool,
cheese, cake or the like and, as herein illustrated,
the supply is in the form of a rayon cake sup
ported on an expansible holder 28 of 'the type
30 illustrated and described in a copending appli
cation of Royal Little et al., Serial No. 73,730,
filed April 10, 1936. In this form of holder coni
cal end members 29 and 30, indicated in Fig. l
of the present drawings, cooperate with a
35 radially-expansible core or mandrel 3I to sup
port the cake or package P. The end members
29 and Sil carry interengaging screw-threaded
means for adjusting the diameter of the holder 28
including a hollow stud 32 for rotatably support
40 ing the holder on the spindle 25. In the preferred
form of construction of the creel as herein illus
trated a spacer-sleeve 34 is provided on each of
the spindles 25 to compensate for the hollow
ends of the package-holders 2B, whereby to
45 properly position the holders on the spindles.
In the present illustrated embodiment of the
invention each stanchion 5 of the creel is adapted
to support a group of four supply-packages P
and a series of three of such groups are shown
50 in the drawings as arranged in parallel relation
ship. The stanchions 5, however, may be con
structed to mount a greater or less number of
supply-packages in a group, and the capacity of
the creel may be increased to include any de
sired number of groups by adding other
stanchions 5 arranged in laterally spaced rela
tionship. The improved creel having now been
described in detail its mode of operation will next
be explained.
To load the creel with supply-packages each
60
arm I6 is rocked forwardly o-n its pivot I5 until
its stop 26 engages the under side of its respec
tive ear I2 on the stanchion 5. A package such
as a cake P on its holder 28 is then mounted on
65 the spindle 25 by sliding the hollow stud 32 over
the free end of the spindle until the end member
29 engages the spacer-sleeve 34. 'I‘he arm I6
and package-holder 23 are then rocked rear
wardly until the free end of the spindle 25 enters
70 the appropriate slot i3 in thev next adjacent
stanchion 5 and is seated in the closed end there
of. Due to the relative position of the closed end
of the slot I3 with respect to the pivot-pin i5
and holder 28 will therefore retain the end of
the spindle 25 seated in the slot I3. With each of
the spindles 25 of a group mounting a package P
in position between a pair of laterally spaced
stanchions 5 the packages are located one above YA
another in vertically spaced relationship with
each package off-set forwardly of the one below,
due to the forwardly inclined arrangement of
the stanchions. As the yarn or other strand y
is drawn on? from the packages P and led down
wardly to a common point below, each strand
will run clear of the other packages and the
inclination of the stanchions is such that should
the yarn of an upper package be nearly exhausted
it will still clear the periphery of a full package 15
directly below it.
With the creel constructed as herein illustrated
the four strands of each group are drawn down
wardly and brought together to lead through the
usual pigtail guide on the twisting frame or other
apparatus to which the yarn is to be supplied.
It will be understood, however, that the creel of
the present invention is adapted for other uses
and that any desired number of stanchions 5
may be arranged in parallel relationship with 25
each stanchion adapted to mount any desired
number of packages. Due to the construction
and arrangement of the individually mounted
stanchions 5, which form a sectional frame, the
creel may be quickly assembled to any size and 30
its capacity subsequently increased by merely
adding further stanchions. Such facility of in
stallation and extension is in part due to the
arrangement of the pivotally mounted arms I6
carried wholly by one of the stanchions and 35
rockable to engage their spindles 25 with the next
adjacent stanchion to support the packages in
delivering position.
'
It will be observed from the foregoing that the
present invention provides a creel of simple and
compact structure, adapted to support a maxi
mum number of packages in a minimum space
and to be expanded to any capacity by adding
stanchions to its sectional frame. It will further
be observed that the present creel facilitates the
placing and cloning of the supplies and so posi
tions one with respect to the other in offset
relationship that a free delivery of all of the
yarnsl is insured.
While the invention is` herein shown as em
bodied in a preferred form of construction, it is
to be understood that variations may be made
in the structure and arrangement of its parts
without departing from the spirit or scope of the
invention. Therefore, without limiting myself in
this respect, I claim:
1. A creel comprising a pair of stanchions, a
series of spindles extending between the stan
chions one above another, means for supporting
the spindles at one end to adapt them to be 60
moved bodily away from the stanchions to permit
donning and dofñng packages, and means on the
stanchions for supporting the free ends of the
spindles to position the packages on the frame in
vertical series in horizontal offset relationship
with respect to each other.
2. A creel comprising a frame having forwardly
inclined stanchions, arms pivotally mounted on
one of the stanchions in vertical spaced relation
to swing about horizontal axes, each arm being 70
movable from one side to the other of a vertical
plane intersecting its pivotal axis, and spindles
on the arms parallel to the pivotal axes of the
the arm IIì is moved through a vertical plane, or
arms for rotatably supporting packages, said
75 across center, and the weight of the package P
spindles being engageable with an adjacent
2,120,759
stanchion to support a series of the packages in
vertical series in offset relationship.
3. A ereel comprising forwardly inclined stan
chions, ears projecting forwardly from the stan
chions, arms pivotally mounted on. the ears at
one of their ends to adapt their opposite free
ends to swing toward and away from the stan
chions, a spindle on each arm extending parallel
to its pivotal airis and adapted to rotatably sup
port a package, and bearings between the ears
on the stanchions for supporting the outer ends
of the spindles to position the packages in verti
cal series in offset relationship.
4. A creel comprising a frame inclined for
wardly from a vertical plane, a series of arms
pivotally mounted on the frame in vertical spaced
relationship in a plane parallel to that or the
trame, a spindle on each arm extending parallel
to the pivotal axis of the arm and adapted to
rotatably support a package, said spindles being
bodily movable away from the frame by rocking
the arms on their pivots, and means on the frame
by rthe spindles whereby a series 0l' pack»
are supported on the frame one above the
other and each oiîset forwardly with respect to
the others below it.
5. A Creel comprising a frame having spaced
stanchions, an arm having one end pivotally
connected to one of the stanchions to adapt it
tor swinging movement in
plane at right-angles
to a plane common to the stanchions, a spindle
carried by the arm and extending parallel to the
pivotal axis oi? the arm, said spindle being bodily
movable away from the stanchions by the swing
ing .movement of the arm to permit donning and
dofñng of packages, and means on a stanchion
opposite from that to which the arm is connected
adapted to support the free end of the spindle
to position the package in delivering position
40 between adjacent stanchions.
6. A creel comprising an upright frame, an arm
pivotally mounted on they frame to swing about
a horizontal axis from one to the other of two
positions on opposite sides of a vertical plane
intersecting the pivotal axis of the mounting, a
spindle on the arm extending parallel to the
pivotal axis thereof and adapted to rotatably
support a package, said spindle being positioned
in spaced relation to the frame when the arm is
in one of its positions to permit donning and
doffing of packages, and means on the frame for
supporting the outer end of the spindle when
the arm is in its other position to maintain the
package in delivering position on the frame.
7. A Vcreel comprising a pair of spaced stan
10
chions, a series of arms pivotally mounted on one
of the stanchions one above another with each
pivot offset forwardly with respect to the one
below, a spindle on each arm extending parallel 15
to the pivotal axis- of the arm and adapted to
rotatably support a package, said spindles being
bodily movable away from the stanchions by
rocking the arms on their pivots, and means on
the stanchion opposite from the one on which
the arms are mounted for supporting the free
ends of the spindles to position a group of
packages between the stanchions with one above
another and each offset forwardly Aof the one
25
below.
8. A creel comprising a frame having forwardly
inclined stanchions arranged in parallel spaced
relationship, forwardly projecting ears arranged
in vertical spaced relationship on each stanchion,
arms having one of their ends pivotally con 30
nected to the ears on said stanchions to swing
about horizontal axes, each arm being movable
from one side to the other of a vertical plane
intersecting its pivotal axis, spindles on the arms
extending parallel to the pivotal aXes of the arms 35
and adapted to rotatably support packages, and
slots in said stanchions intermediate the ears
for seating the outer endsof the spindles sup
ported on an adjacent stanchion whereby a series
of groups of packages are arranged in side by 40
side relationship with the packages of each group
oiïset in vertical and horizontal spaced relation
ship.
ROYAL LI'I'I‘LE.
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