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Патент USA US2120881

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June 14, 1938.
Filed Nov. 25, 1936
2 Sheets-Shee_t 1
by Meir a?‘arweys
June 14, 1938..
Filed Nov. 25, 1936
2}Sheets-S_heet 2,
Patented June 14, 1938
2,120,881, _
Heinz Assbroicher, Hanover-Kleefeld, and mm
- Huff, Hanover-Herrenhausen, Germany, as
- signors to Continental Gummi-Werke Aktien
gesellschaft, Hanover, Germany
Application November 25, 1936, Serial No. 112,800 ‘
In Germany November 28, ‘1935
3 Claims. (Cl. 29-1482),
Vulcanizing molds of cast steel and cast iron circular convex and a semicircular concave cross
for use-in making thev tire outer covers and inner
tubes and like articles are already known, but
'section, the hollows of said cross sections opening
in opposed radial directions so that the twosemi
circular rings, when brought-together, form-a '
as these vmolds are very liable to fracture, it is
hollow ring of circular cross section. The ad
5v necessary for their walls to be made'compara
vantage of this method is that tire molds of vari
tively thick, so as to enable them to withstand
the pressures set up in the course‘ of vulcaniza-. ous di?erent diameters can be produced with one
pair of rolls, since the size is not dependent on
tion. Such molds are, therefore, uneconomical, the tools but is determined, in each case, by the
‘both as regards cost of material and in actual development stretching of the material of the 10
1o handling means have to be provided'for- trans
ring to be shaped. Each of the two rings thus
porting these heavy molds and, what is more,
produced (i. e. the outer and the inner ring),
they require the use of boiler presses or auto
is then cut in two along the line of its greatest
claves; the thick wall of the molds .has to be,
heated up for each- vulcanization and, conse and or its smallest circumference, as the case
15 ‘quently, the complete heating process is rendered » may
Finally, the resulting sections are welded to
vboth costly and' tedious.
in pairs (eachcomprising an outer and
It is also known to make hollow annular tire‘ gether
an inner ring) along the lines of the mean cir
‘molds from sheet metal, pressed out between'a
matrix and a‘; die, to correspond to the pro?le of cumference.
The second object‘ is achieved by producing 20
20 the tire, such molds consisting of two parts mu
required pro?le or tread'pattern matrix in
tually abutting on the lines of greatest and ‘the
the mold previousto the welding step, for in-’
smallest circumference of the hollow ring. The
production of these separate parts, from sheet stance, before cutting up the outer or convex ring
two rings of quadrantal cross‘ section. ,
metal is, however, very costly because it requires into
of the process and the principles upon 25
the use of such powerful (and, therefore, ex,
apparatus employed is based will be
pensive) dies and because such enormous pres
sures have to be developed by the die presses. apparent on reference to‘ the accompanying
For this reason, alone, the use of these pressed‘
- sheet metal molds is absolutely precluded in the
30 case of tire manufacturers who are turning out a
large number of different types and patterns of
In addition to this, the methods of manu
, drawings, in which
Figure 1 shows one piece of tube as it appears
prior to being. shaped in to a concave ring, as, 30
shown in
- '
Figure 2.
Figures 3 and 4 show, respectively, a second.
' facture hitherto used for the production of ‘sheet,
metal molds have been found vto'involve dii?- I piece of ‘tube and itsformation into a ‘convex 36
35 culties in connection with the'formation of the
Figure 5 shows how the concave and convex
, pro?le or tread pattern matrix in the mold.
rings of Figures 2 and 4, being complementary ‘
These di?lculties have only been overcome by -
further subdividing the two halves of the hollow
to each other, form togetheryahollow ring of
ring, which expedient, however, necessitates the
circular cross section.
compelled to'sacri?ce the unity of each half of
line y-—y in Figure '7, the actual lines of separa
tion being at the greatest and at ‘the smallest cir
It will be observed that these rings abut along 40
40 use of complicated devices for'holdin'g the several
lines of the mean circumference. Thus in
parts ‘together. This way oi making tire molds
the outer and convex ring the pro?le or- tread
has not ‘come’ into extended use because of the pattern
can be formed directly, and without
need for providing Da heavy and costly. die out?t
~in- respect of each and every type and size of‘ hindrance, by embossing or milling.
Figure 6 shows an outer ring so treated, drawn a
45' tire to be produced.
' -_
It is‘an object of the present invention to pro-_ .to a larger scale.
Figure 7 shows‘ the inner ring, likewise drawn
vide a method of making sheet metal molds
which is cheap, owing to the simplicity of the to a larger scale than the preceding ?gures.
These two rings are now/‘divided in medial,
tools required and‘ a further'object is to enable
50 the pro?les .tobe produced easily, without being planes indicatedby line :r-_-zc in Figure 6 and by 50
Thei ?rst of these objects is achieved by shap
' -' , ,ing up 'two pieces of-itube, by means of calibre
‘ rel-rolls, into two rings, having, respectively a semi
cumference, respectively, so that four rings a, b,- '
c, d of quadrantal cross section, are formed, as
Figure 8 diagrammatically (drawn to the same
scale as Figures 1 to 5).
The rings a, c on the
one hand, and the rings b, d on the other hand,
are now united at the lines e corresponding to the
mean circumference, as shown in
Figure 9, which like
roll 9 and the upper shaft, with the upper pro
?ling roll 6 is then forced downwardly towards
the said lower roll, so that when the shaft 1 is
rotated the annular blank I6 is rotated also and
shaped at the same time. ‘A ring with a con
caved periphery (corresponding to the periphery
Figure 10, is drawn to the same scale as Figures
shows the line of division of the ?nished mold,
of the lower roll 9) results.
If the two pro?ling rolls be now interchanged
the lower roll 9 being shifted to the top shaft 5
10 the halves of which are each in one piece, since
and the upper roll 6 to the bottom shaft ‘I, the
the homogeneous union of. the material is en-,
press-rolling of an annular blank such as III will
yield a ring with a convex periphery.
The calibration or pro?ling of the rolls is such
6 and '7... The dotted line z—z in Figure 10
sured by welding.
Figures 11 and 12 are front and side elevations,‘
' respectively of the calender.
A mold produced in this way is cheap to‘ con
struct and, in use, it responds perfectly to all I
practical requirements.
kilograms, while additional ?ttings; such as are
required with the previously known sheet metal
molds and which, again increase the weight, are
The calender used for shaping the pieces of
tube shown in Figures 1 to 4 is shown in front
and side elevation respectively, in Figures 11
We claim:
Whereas the weight of the cast molds, hitherto
used, amounted say, to about 400 to 450 kilo
20 grams, the new mold weighs only about 60 to 75
not necessary.
as to compensate for the width of cut when the
convex and concave rings are respectively di 15
The two standards I and 2 include guideways
'1. A process for the manufacture of thin
walled, hollow annular sheet metal molds, for use
in the vulcanization of tires and the like and 20
consisting of two parts abutting along the lines
of the greatest and smallest circumferences of‘
.the hollow ring, which comprises shaping two
pieces of tube by calibre rolls into two rings of
semicircular, convex and concave radially open
ing cross section, which, together, form a hollow
ring, then cutting the said convex and concave
rings along the lines of the greatest and the
smallest circumference, respectively, thereafter
the 'convex pro?ling roll 6. Below the shaft 5,
pairing the resulting outer and inner rings and 30
then uniting each pair, consisting of an outer
and an inner ring, by welding along the line of
in the standards I and 2 is mounted the lower
mean circumference.
shaft 1, which carries on one end, a driving -
2. Process according to claim 1, characterized
by,forming the tire pro?le or tread pattern in 35
for slides 3 and 4 in which is mounted the upper
3.0 shaft
5 carrying, near its free or overhanging end,
35 wheel 8 and, on the other end, below the convex
roll 6, a concave pro?ling roll 8. 1The slides 3
and 4, together withv the upper shaft 5, can be
moved up and down in the guideways of the
standards by means of a compressed air cylinder
40 In. Two lateral pressure rolls ‘II are mounted
the outer convex rings, as for instance by an em
bossing or milling action prior to welding the
said outer rings to the inner rings.
3. Process according-to claim 1, characterized
by forming the tire pro?le or tread pattern in
in slides 12, moving horizontally in slideways I3 the outerv convex. ring, as for instance, by an
by means of screw-threaded spindles l4 and hand embossing 'or milling operation before cutting
wheels IS;
the said outer ring in two.
The annular blank or piece of tube l6, which,
‘is to be shaped is hung on the lower pro?ling
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