Патент USA US2121058код для вставки
June 21,1938. N. L. SOLOMON . 2,121,058 WAVE PRESSER Filed Nov. 11, 1935 ' ATTORNEY 2,121,058’ Patented June 21, 1938 , UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,121,058‘ - WAVE: PRESSER Nathan L. Solomon, Brooklyn, N. Y. Application November 11, 1935, Serial ‘No. 49,180 23 Claims. My present invention deals with an improved device for dressing hair and in particular has to do with a hair wave presser of the type character ized by spring controlled and normally closed 5 _ complementary hair clamping jaws. In the type of wave presser alluded to, it has been customary so far as I am aware to utilize spaced teeth of the complementary jaws to collect‘ therebetween at least a portion of the wave. In such case, how 10; ever, the wave, straddled by the complementary jaws, was not supported at its crest. In actual practice, I have discovered that if the‘wave be supported at its crest and lifted upwardly, a greater portion of the wave may be interposed 15 between and clamped by the complementary jaws. Accordingly the primary object of the in vention is realized in the provision of a pivotally arranged hair liftable member insertable under the hair to be treated, and straddled by the sides 20 of the wave which in turn are removably em braced or straddled by the complementary clamp ing jaws.’ The invention has as a further object the provision of a hair liftingymember adapted to support a portion of the hair to be pressed-and 25 pivotally carried by one of ' the complementary ‘ jaws and automatically adapted to bepivotally displaced'out of a housing constit?ted by the jaws upon-opening or separation of the latter. The invention has as a further object to pro 30 vide a novel functional and structurally im-' proved wave presser of the character referred to in which a pivotally connected intervening hair. lifting tongue or lever is downwardly displaced upon the separation of the jaws and upon the 35 closing of the latter the hair lifting lever is auto matically restored to a normal position to be straddled by the closed jaws. My invention also comprises novel details of improvement which will be more fully herein-. in the ap 40 after set forth and then pointed out pended claims. ‘ Reference is had tothe accompanying draw ing forming a part hereof, wherein: Fig. 1 illustrates in perspective one form of 45 wave presser according to my invention shown opened and with the hair liftable blade or tongue having its major portion extending below the housing thereof. ' Fig. 2 is a longitudinal andelevational inside 50 view of one of the complementary jaws and its companion hair lifting member in a normally raised position. Fig. 3 is a plan view of Fig. 2. ‘ Fig. 4 is a side view of Fig. 3, however, exhibit (0]. 132-41) ing the jaws separated and. the hair lifting mem ber on tongue swung. downwardly. Fig. 5 illustrates a side view of the wave presser, showing the hair lifting member straddled by a wave which is clamped thereto by the closed com plementary jaws. ' . Fig. 6 is a front elevational and broken view illustrating another form according to the in vention. 10 Fig. '7 is a fragmentary view of Fig. 6. Fig. 8 is a side view of Fig. 7 illustrating the hair clamping jaws closed and showing the con trol means for actuating the hair lifting member for automatically lowering or raising the latter upon separating or closing of the complementary 15 jaws respectively. ' r Fig. 9 is a side view of Fig. '7 but exhibiting the jaws separated and the hair collecting or lifting member displaced out of the wave presser by the 20 control means. Fig. 10 illustrates a longitudinal broken view of ' another embodiment according to the invention. ' Fig. 11 is a fragmentary longitudinal view of another modi?cation. Fig. 12 is a view taken along the line Fig. 11. ' 12-42 or‘ ' Fig. 13 is a perspective view of another form of wave presser shown open and Fig. 14 is a transverse sectional view of Fig. 13, however, illustrating the jaws closed. 30 In all of the forms disclosed, the wave presser generally denoted I0, comprises a pair of similar and opposed complementary juxtapositioned piv otally associated arcuate hair clamping jaws II and I2. Each jaw embodies a one piece member 35 having a ?nger manipulating piece l3, a longi tudinal reinforcing or stiffening bead M, a verti cally disposed perforated side wall I5, and an out wardly and downwardly extending uninterrupted lip or ?ange IS. 40' The opposing ?nger pieces I3 each include transversely disposed lugs 11 pivotally disposed on the fulcrum rod 18 which is surrounded by a helicoidalspring l9 having‘ terminals 20 cooper ating to hold the spaced ?nger pieces l3 in a nor 45 mally diverged relation, thereby sustaining the vertical sides l5 of the pivoted pair of jaws in their closed position. Pivotally carried by one of the jaws is a perfo rated hair lifting member or blade broadly de 50 noted 2|. More particularly one end of blade 2|‘ is offset at 22, thus providing 2. lug 23 which is pivotally secured to a companion rectilinear side I5 of one of the jaws by a rivet 24. It is thus ap parent that the liftable member 2| takes the 65 2 2,121,058 form of a lever adapted to be fulcrumed on the rivet and since one arm 25 of the lever is consider ably longer than its other arm 26, the former will pivot downwardly by gravity when the ?nger pieces are brought towards each other during the separation of the complementary jaws which in effect constitute a retaining housing for the hair lifting member 2| in the latter’s elevated position. In operation, the jaws of the wave presser are 10 ?rst separated upon the application of manual 15 20 25 30 35 According to the embodimentillustrated in Figs. pose, arm 26 of the hair lifting member is pro vided with a reduced extension 3|? slidably guided 45 by and projecting into the arcuate cam slot 3| of an inclined and transversely disposed over hanging actuator plate 32 having a lower lug 33, rigidly fastened to a side l5 of one of the jaws by a rivet 34. I In the closed position of the‘jaws, (Fig. 8) extension 30 is at the bottom part of the camslot 3| and the arm 25 is straddled by the jaws. With manual pressure applied to ?nger portions l3, the jaws progressively diverge and the exten 55 sion 30 is carried upwardly in slot 3|, consequent ly raising lug 26 of the pivoted hair lifting mem ber 2|. Hence arm 25 of the latter pivots or tilts 60 each other. In the embodiment according to Fig. 10, hair lifting member 25 is the form of an arcuately bent cylindrical arm 35 integral with fulcrum rod l8. With the jaws separated, free end 36 of arm or rod 35 is inserted under the hair and due to the resiliency of its curved connection with the ful crum rod l8, arm 36 moves upwardly and lifts the hair after which the jaws are brought over 10 the hair on the lifting member 25 and allowed to close, otherwise the construction in Fig. 10 is identical to the form according to Fig. 1. According to the form illustrated in Figs. 11 and 12, each of the lips I6 is provided with an 15 pressure on the opposed ?nger piece portions. Hence arm 25 falls downwardly by its own weight away from the jaws. The curved nose portion 21' is then inserted between the hair to be raised and the scalp and progressively moved under the hair to form or support a crest of hair mounted inwardly turned ?ange 40 each including spaced thereon. Subsequently, the jaws in their sepa teeth 4| which serve to grip the widest portion rated relation are pivotally displaced towards of the wave, the teeth of the opposing jaws being and over the hair straddling the hair lifting blade disposed in the same plane while their ?anges 40 or tongue. Manual pressure is then removed and are longitudinally curved. The hair lifting mem consequently sides l5 of the housing come to ber 2|, however, extends beyond one end of the gether due to the action of’ spring terminals 20 waver and is provided with an offset lug 42 hinged and. snugly embrace or clamp corresponding sides to jaws l2 by a rivet 43. When jaws H and I2 of the wave against the intervening hair lifting are separated, the perforated hair lifting mem blade, while the inclined or laterally projecting ber 2| swings downwardly, pivoting on rivet 43, 25 lips |6 form a relatively wide mouth or gap adapt by gravity. In other aspects, the form according ed to embrace the base of the wave, it being to Figs. 11 and 12 is along the lines of the embodi noted that lower face of nose 21 includes a ta ,ment shown in Fig. 1. pered lower face 28 adapted to rest on the scalp The wave presser illustrated in Figs. 13 and 14 as the pivoted blade is progressively moved under is along the lines of the form shown in Figs. 10 30 the hair when the jaws are. separated, and the and 11 with the exception that the inwardly perforations of the hair lifting member at least, turned ?anges 40 each include a single tooth 4|, in part, are disposed in registration with the per the hair lifting member 2| comprises a, reduced foration of the sides of the jaws to facilitate portion 5|! having its end pivoted to jaw || coop ventilation. " ‘ erating with the adjacent tooth of jaw | | to limit 35 6—9 inclusive, provision has been made for auto matically and pivotally lowering the hair lifting member out of the housing during separation of 40 the jaws and for elevating the hair liftingv mem ber to its normal position between the jaws dur ing closing of the latter. For achieving this pur 50 ger pieces l3 move either towards or away from downwardly and out of the housing constituted by the jaws (Fig. 9). With the jaws separated and the arm '25 in an oblique angular relation thereto, the latter is moved under the hair and subsequently by mere ly removing ?nger pressure from the ?nger pieces, 65 the jaws move towards each other but during this operation extension 30 moves downwardly in cam slot 3|. It follows therefore that the long‘ arm 25 is progressively raised or tilted upwardly as the jaws progressively close. Hence the hair 70 straddling the pivoted hair lifting member or tongue 2| will in turn be closely embraced or straddled by the sides of the jaws. In other words, the arcuate sides of the curved slot 3|. downward pivotal displacement of the perforated hair lifting member, the diagonal disposed teeth being disposed in the same plane when the jaws are closed and are adapted to enter the base of the wave. 40 While the invention has been described in de tail and reference has been made to a speci?c application thereof, it is to be understood that the invention herein disclosed is not limited to such speci?c application and it is intended that 45 all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawing shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limit ing sense. I claim:—- . , 1. A wave presser comprising juxtapositioned 50 normally closed complementary hair clamping jaws de?ning a housing, hair lifting means in terposed between said jaws and adapted to sup port the crest of a wave of hair, and means for 55 holding said jaws against the sides of said wave disposed within said housing. 2. A wave presser comprising juxtapositioned pivotally interconnected complementary hair clamping jaws de?ning a housing, a lever piv 60 oted to one of said jaws and adapted to support the crest of a wave of hair between said jaws, and spring means for urging the sides of said jaws against the sides of said wave to compress a portion of the latter within said housing against said lever. ~ ‘ 3. A wave presser comprising a pair of juxta positioned pivotally interconnected complemen tary hair clamping jaws constituting a housing, and an elongated hair lifting member interposed between said jaws, said member being inaccessi ble to lift hair into said housing in the closed position of said jaws and accessible for lifting serve as means for automatically actuating the ' hair into said housing upon separation of said 75 pivoted hair collecting member 2| when the ?n jaws. 75 3 2,121,058 4. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter connected jaws constituting a housing, an elon gated hair lifting member pivoted to one of said jaws, said lifting member constituting an arm adapted toswing downwardly and out of said housing upon diverging of said jaws. displaceable relative to said jaws, said jaws hav ing inwardly disposed tooth‘means adapted to 5. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter connected jaws constituting a housing, an elon be inserted into the base of the wave straddled gated hair lifting tongue having one end pivoted by said jaws. 10 to one, of said jaws, said tongue comprising an arm automatically adapted to swing downward ly and out of said housing upon diverging of said jaws. ' 6. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter 15 connected jaws, an elongated hair lifting tongue having one end pivoted to one of said jaws and constituting an arm adapted to pivot downward ly upon the separation of said jaws, said arm de ?ning means for supporting a crest of a wave of 20 automatically moving downwardly‘ and away therefrom, and spring means for normally hold‘ ing said jaws closed. 12. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter connected jaws, a hair lifting member pivotally. hair adapted to be interposed between said jaws, and spring means for removably clamping said jaws against the sides of said wave. 7. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter connected jaws constituting a housing, an elon 25 gated hair lifting tongue having one end pivoted to one of said jaws and constituting an arm adapted to pivot downwardly and out of said housing upon the separation of said jaws, said arm de?ning means for supporting the crest of a 30 wave of hair adapted to be interposed between and straddled by said jaws, and means for hold ing said jaws in clamping relation with the sides of said wave straddling said arm. 8. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter connected longitudinally curved jaws constitut ing a housing, an elongated hair lifting tongue having one end pivoted to one of said jaws and constituting an arm' downwardly and pivotally displaceable out of said housing upon separation 40 of said jaws, said arm de?ning means for sup porting the crest of a wave of hair adapted to be interposed between and straddled by said jaws, spring means for clamping the sides of said jaws against said wave of hair straddling said arm, 45 and laterally disposed means carried by said jaws adapted to straddle a relatively wide portion of said wave in the clamped relation of said jaws. 9. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter connected longitudinally curved, perforated and 50 reinforced jaws, each having a ?ange, an elon gated hair lifting tongue having one end pivoted to one of said jaws and constituting an arm adapted to swing downwardly upon separation of said jaws, said arm de?ning means for sup 55 porting the crest of a wave of hair adapted to be interposed between the sides of said jaws and spring means for clamping the sides of said wave in the closed position of said jaws, the ?anges of said jaws de?ning a relatively wide mouth 60 adapted to straddle a correspondingly relative wide portion of said wave. 10. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter connected jaws, a hair supporting member pivot ally carried by one of said jaws, said member 65 constituting an arm adapted to be interposed between and sustained by said jaws in the closed position thereof, said arm upon separation of said jaws adapted to automatically swing down wardly and away therefrom. 11. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter 70 connected jaws,'an elongated supporting mem ber pivotally interposed between said jaws, said member constituting an arm adapted to be sus tained by said jaws in the closed position of the 75 latter, said arm upon separation of said jaws v ' i 13. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter 10 connected jaws, an elongated hair lifting'mem ber pivotally carried by one of said jaws, and means associated with said member and one of said jaws for- tilting a portion of said member downwardly and away from said jaws during separation of the latter and for tiltably raising said portion as to be interposed between and sus tained by said jaws upon closing of the latter. 14. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter connected normally closed jaws, a hair lifting 20 member pivoted to one of said jaws, said member being pivotally and downwardly displaceable rel ative to said jaws upon separation of the latter, each of said jaws having an inwardly arranged tooth, one of which serves to limit downward 25 pivotal displacement of said member. 15. A wave presser comprising a pair of pivoted jaws constituting a housing and a hair lifting member interposed between and swingable rela tive to said jaws in and out of said housing upon 30 closing and separation respectively of said jaws. 16. A wave presser comp-rising a pair of pivoted jaws constituting a housing, a hair lifting member hinged to one of said jaws and disposed in said housing in the closed position of said jaws, and automatic means for moving said member out of said housing or for raising said member within said housing upon separation or closing respec-g tively of said jaws. 17. A wave presser comprising a pair of piv 40 oted jaws, a hair lifting member hinged to one of said jaws, and means for actuating said member comprising cam means carried by one of said jaws and an extension carried by said member. 18. A wave presser comprising a pair of pivoted and longitudinally curved jaws, a hair lifting member hinged to one of said jaws, cam means carried by one of said jaws, and an extension actuated by said cam means during opening or closing of said jaws for tilting said member rela tive to the latter. 19. A wave presser comprising a pair of pivoted jaws, a hair lifting member hinged to one of said jaws, a plate carried by one of said jaws and having cam means, and means carried by said member cooperating with said cam means for dis placing said member relative to said jaws during opening and closing of the latter. 20. A wave presser comprising a fulcrum rod, jaws pivotally carried by said rod, and a hair 60 lifting extension integral with said rod and inter posed between said jaws. 21. A wave presser comprising a pair of jaws each having a manipulating portion, fulcrum means pivotally sustaining said portions, spring means cooperating with said portions for nor mally holding said jaws closed, said jaws consti tuting a housing and adapted upon separation thereof to straddle a wave of hair, and a hair lift ing member interposed between said jaws and 70 adapted to elevate a portion of said wave as to be disposed between said jaws, said jaws in the ' closed relation thereof cooperating to compress the sides of said wave elevated by said lifting 75 member. 4 2,121,058 22. A wave presser comprising a housing hav ing a pair of juxtapositioned jaws each including an outwardly‘ diverging manipulating portion, fulcrum means pivotally sustaining said portions, spring means cooperating to diverge said portions hair lifting member within said housing and'piv oted to one of said jaws, said hair lifting member adapted to tilt downwardly and out of said hous ing pursuant to separation of said jaws, said member in its tilted relation in respect to ‘said .5 and normally hold said jaws in their closed rela jaws adapted to be disposed underneath a wave tion, said jaws adapted upon , the separation of hair whereby the sides of said wave straddle thereof to straddle a Wave of hair‘, a hair lifting member interposed between said jaws and dis tilted relation and straddled by said sides adapted placeable relative thereto, said lifting member to be seated on a head having said Wave to per adapted to elevate a portion of said wave within said housing pursuant to separation of said jaws, mit relative tilting of said jaws towards said lift ing member to permit said jaWs'to straddle said said jaws in their closed relation adapted to com— press the sides of said wave within said housing sides and dispose said Wave within said housing, and means for closing said jaws for compressing said lifting member, said lifting member in its 1O against said hair lifting member. said sides within said housing against said lifting 15 23. A wave presser comprising a pair of hinged ly connected jaws constituting a housing, and a member. NATHAN L. SOLOMON.