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Патент USA US2121058

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June 21,1938.
N. L. SOLOMON
. 2,121,058
WAVE PRESSER
Filed Nov. 11, 1935
' ATTORNEY
2,121,058’
Patented June 21, 1938 ,
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,121,058‘ -
WAVE: PRESSER
Nathan L. Solomon, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Application November 11, 1935, Serial ‘No. 49,180
23 Claims.
My present invention deals with an improved
device for dressing hair and in particular has to
do with a hair wave presser of the type character
ized by spring controlled and normally closed
5 _ complementary hair clamping jaws. In the type
of wave presser alluded to, it has been customary
so far as I am aware to utilize spaced teeth of the
complementary jaws to collect‘ therebetween at
least a portion of the wave. In such case, how
10; ever, the wave, straddled by the complementary
jaws, was not supported at its crest. In actual
practice, I have discovered that if the‘wave be
supported at its crest and lifted upwardly, a
greater portion of the wave may be interposed
15 between and clamped by the complementary
jaws. Accordingly the primary object of the in
vention is realized in the provision of a pivotally
arranged hair liftable member insertable under
the hair to be treated, and straddled by the sides
20 of the wave which in turn are removably em
braced or straddled by the complementary clamp
ing jaws.’ The invention has as a further object
the provision of a hair liftingymember adapted
to support a portion of the hair to be pressed-and
25 pivotally carried by one of ' the complementary
‘ jaws and automatically adapted to bepivotally
displaced'out of a housing constit?ted by the jaws
upon-opening or separation of the latter.
The invention has as a further object to pro
30 vide a novel functional and structurally im-'
proved wave presser of the character referred to
in which a pivotally connected intervening hair.
lifting tongue or lever is downwardly displaced
upon the separation of the jaws and upon the
35 closing of the latter the hair lifting lever is auto
matically restored to a normal position to be
straddled by the closed jaws.
My invention also comprises novel details of
improvement which will be more fully herein-.
in the ap
40 after set forth and then pointed out
pended claims.
‘
Reference is had tothe accompanying draw
ing forming a part hereof, wherein:
Fig. 1 illustrates in perspective one form of
45 wave presser according to my invention shown
opened and with the hair liftable blade or tongue
having its major portion extending below the
housing thereof.
'
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal andelevational inside
50 view of one of the complementary jaws and its
companion hair lifting member in a normally
raised position.
Fig. 3 is a plan view of Fig. 2.
‘
Fig. 4 is a side view of Fig. 3, however, exhibit
(0]. 132-41)
ing the jaws separated and. the hair lifting mem
ber on tongue swung. downwardly.
Fig. 5 illustrates a side view of the wave presser,
showing the hair lifting member straddled by a
wave which is clamped thereto by the closed com
plementary jaws.
'
.
Fig. 6 is a front elevational and broken view
illustrating another form according to the in
vention.
10
Fig. '7 is a fragmentary view of Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is a side view of Fig. 7 illustrating the
hair clamping jaws closed and showing the con
trol means for actuating the hair lifting member
for automatically lowering or raising the latter
upon separating or closing of the complementary 15
jaws respectively.
'
r
Fig. 9 is a side view of Fig. '7 but exhibiting the
jaws separated and the hair collecting or lifting
member displaced out of the wave presser by the
20
control means.
Fig. 10 illustrates a longitudinal broken view of '
another embodiment according to the invention.
' Fig. 11 is a fragmentary longitudinal view of
another modi?cation.
Fig. 12 is a view taken along the line
Fig. 11.
'
12-42 or‘
'
Fig. 13 is a perspective view of another form of
wave presser shown open and
Fig. 14 is a transverse sectional view of Fig. 13,
however, illustrating the jaws closed.
30
In all of the forms disclosed, the wave presser
generally denoted I0, comprises a pair of similar
and opposed complementary juxtapositioned piv
otally associated arcuate hair clamping jaws II
and I2. Each jaw embodies a one piece member 35
having a ?nger manipulating piece l3, a longi
tudinal reinforcing or stiffening bead M, a verti
cally disposed perforated side wall I5, and an out
wardly and downwardly extending uninterrupted
lip or ?ange IS.
40'
The opposing ?nger pieces I3 each include
transversely disposed lugs 11 pivotally disposed
on the fulcrum rod 18 which is surrounded by a
helicoidalspring l9 having‘ terminals 20 cooper
ating to hold the spaced ?nger pieces l3 in a nor 45
mally diverged relation, thereby sustaining the
vertical sides l5 of the pivoted pair of jaws in
their closed position.
Pivotally carried by one of the jaws is a perfo
rated hair lifting member or blade broadly de 50
noted 2|. More particularly one end of blade 2|‘
is offset at 22, thus providing 2. lug 23 which is
pivotally secured to a companion rectilinear side
I5 of one of the jaws by a rivet 24. It is thus ap
parent that the liftable member 2| takes the
65
2
2,121,058
form of a lever adapted to be fulcrumed on the
rivet and since one arm 25 of the lever is consider
ably longer than its other arm 26, the former will
pivot downwardly by gravity when the ?nger
pieces are brought towards each other during the
separation of the complementary jaws which in
effect constitute a retaining housing for the hair
lifting member 2| in the latter’s elevated position.
In operation, the jaws of the wave presser are
10 ?rst separated upon the application of manual
15
20
25
30
35
According to the embodimentillustrated in Figs.
pose, arm 26 of the hair lifting member is pro
vided with a reduced extension 3|? slidably guided
45 by and projecting into the arcuate cam slot 3|
of an inclined and transversely disposed over
hanging actuator plate 32 having a lower lug
33, rigidly fastened to a side l5 of one of the
jaws by a rivet 34.
I
In the closed position of the‘jaws, (Fig. 8)
extension 30 is at the bottom part of the camslot
3| and the arm 25 is straddled by the jaws.
With manual pressure applied to ?nger portions
l3, the jaws progressively diverge and the exten
55 sion 30 is carried upwardly in slot 3|, consequent
ly raising lug 26 of the pivoted hair lifting mem
ber 2|. Hence arm 25 of the latter pivots or tilts
60
each other.
In the embodiment according to Fig. 10, hair
lifting member 25 is the form of an arcuately bent
cylindrical arm 35 integral with fulcrum rod l8.
With the jaws separated, free end 36 of arm or
rod 35 is inserted under the hair and due to the
resiliency of its curved connection with the ful
crum rod l8, arm 36 moves upwardly and lifts
the hair after which the jaws are brought over 10
the hair on the lifting member 25 and allowed to
close, otherwise the construction in Fig. 10 is
identical to the form according to Fig. 1.
According to the form illustrated in Figs. 11
and 12, each of the lips I6 is provided with an 15
pressure on the opposed ?nger piece portions.
Hence arm 25 falls downwardly by its own weight
away from the jaws. The curved nose portion 21'
is then inserted between the hair to be raised
and the scalp and progressively moved under the
hair to form or support a crest of hair mounted inwardly turned ?ange 40 each including spaced
thereon. Subsequently, the jaws in their sepa
teeth 4| which serve to grip the widest portion
rated relation are pivotally displaced towards of the wave, the teeth of the opposing jaws being
and over the hair straddling the hair lifting blade disposed in the same plane while their ?anges 40
or tongue. Manual pressure is then removed and
are longitudinally curved. The hair lifting mem
consequently sides l5 of the housing come to
ber 2|, however, extends beyond one end of the
gether due to the action of’ spring terminals 20 waver and is provided with an offset lug 42 hinged
and. snugly embrace or clamp corresponding sides to jaws l2 by a rivet 43. When jaws H and I2
of the wave against the intervening hair lifting are separated, the perforated hair lifting mem
blade, while the inclined or laterally projecting ber 2| swings downwardly, pivoting on rivet 43, 25
lips |6 form a relatively wide mouth or gap adapt
by gravity. In other aspects, the form according
ed to embrace the base of the wave, it being to Figs. 11 and 12 is along the lines of the embodi
noted that lower face of nose 21 includes a ta
,ment shown in Fig. 1.
pered lower face 28 adapted to rest on the scalp
The wave presser illustrated in Figs. 13 and 14
as the pivoted blade is progressively moved under is along the lines of the form shown in Figs. 10 30
the hair when the jaws are. separated, and the and 11 with the exception that the inwardly
perforations of the hair lifting member at least, turned ?anges 40 each include a single tooth 4|,
in part, are disposed in registration with the per
the hair lifting member 2| comprises a, reduced
foration of the sides of the jaws to facilitate portion 5|! having its end pivoted to jaw || coop
ventilation.
"
‘
erating with the adjacent tooth of jaw | | to limit 35
6—9 inclusive, provision has been made for auto
matically and pivotally lowering the hair lifting
member out of the housing during separation of
40 the jaws and for elevating the hair liftingv mem
ber to its normal position between the jaws dur
ing closing of the latter. For achieving this pur
50
ger pieces l3 move either towards or away from
downwardly and out of the housing constituted
by the jaws (Fig. 9).
With the jaws separated and the arm '25 in an
oblique angular relation thereto, the latter is
moved under the hair and subsequently by mere
ly removing ?nger pressure from the ?nger pieces,
65 the jaws move towards each other but during
this operation extension 30 moves downwardly
in cam slot 3|. It follows therefore that the long‘
arm 25 is progressively raised or tilted upwardly
as the jaws progressively close. Hence the hair
70 straddling the pivoted hair lifting member or
tongue 2| will in turn be closely embraced or
straddled by the sides of the jaws. In other
words, the arcuate sides of the curved slot 3|.
downward pivotal displacement of the perforated
hair lifting member, the diagonal disposed teeth
being disposed in the same plane when the jaws
are closed and are adapted to enter the base of
the wave.
40
While the invention has been described in de
tail and reference has been made to a speci?c
application thereof, it is to be understood that
the invention herein disclosed is not limited to
such speci?c application and it is intended that 45
all matter contained in the above description
or shown in the accompanying drawing shall
be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limit
ing sense.
I claim:—-
.
,
1. A wave presser comprising juxtapositioned
50
normally closed complementary hair clamping
jaws de?ning a housing, hair lifting means in
terposed between said jaws and adapted to sup
port the crest of a wave of hair, and means for 55
holding said jaws against the sides of said wave
disposed within said housing.
2. A wave presser comprising juxtapositioned
pivotally interconnected complementary hair
clamping jaws de?ning a housing, a lever piv 60
oted to one of said jaws and adapted to support
the crest of a wave of hair between said jaws,
and spring means for urging the sides of said
jaws against the sides of said wave to compress
a portion of the latter within said housing
against said lever.
~
‘
3. A wave presser comprising a pair of juxta
positioned pivotally interconnected complemen
tary hair clamping jaws constituting a housing,
and an elongated hair lifting member interposed
between said jaws, said member being inaccessi
ble to lift hair into said housing in the closed
position of said jaws and accessible for lifting
serve as means for automatically actuating the ' hair into said housing upon separation of said
75 pivoted hair collecting member 2| when the ?n
jaws.
75
3
2,121,058
4. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter
connected jaws constituting a housing, an elon
gated hair lifting member pivoted to one of said
jaws, said lifting member constituting an arm
adapted toswing downwardly and out of said
housing upon diverging of said jaws.
displaceable relative to said jaws, said jaws hav
ing inwardly disposed tooth‘means adapted to
5. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter
connected jaws constituting a housing, an elon
be inserted into the base of the wave straddled
gated hair lifting tongue having one end pivoted
by said jaws.
10 to one, of said jaws, said tongue comprising an
arm automatically adapted to swing downward
ly and out of said housing upon diverging of
said jaws.
'
6. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter
15 connected jaws, an elongated hair lifting tongue
having one end pivoted to one of said jaws and
constituting an arm adapted to pivot downward
ly upon the separation of said jaws, said arm de
?ning means for supporting a crest of a wave of
20
automatically moving downwardly‘ and away
therefrom, and spring means for normally hold‘
ing said jaws closed.
12. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter
connected jaws, a hair lifting member pivotally.
hair adapted to be interposed between said jaws,
and spring means for removably clamping said
jaws against the sides of said wave.
7. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter
connected jaws constituting a housing, an elon
25 gated hair lifting tongue having one end pivoted
to one of said jaws and constituting an arm
adapted to pivot downwardly and out of said
housing upon the separation of said jaws, said
arm de?ning means for supporting the crest of a
30 wave of hair adapted to be interposed between
and straddled by said jaws, and means for hold
ing said jaws in clamping relation with the sides
of said wave straddling said arm.
8. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter
connected longitudinally curved jaws constitut
ing a housing, an elongated hair lifting tongue
having one end pivoted to one of said jaws and
constituting an arm' downwardly and pivotally
displaceable out of said housing upon separation
40 of said jaws, said arm de?ning means for sup
porting the crest of a wave of hair adapted to
be interposed between and straddled by said jaws,
spring means for clamping the sides of said jaws
against said wave of hair straddling said arm,
45 and laterally disposed means carried by said jaws
adapted to straddle a relatively wide portion of
said wave in the clamped relation of said jaws.
9. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter
connected longitudinally curved, perforated and
50 reinforced jaws, each having a ?ange, an elon
gated hair lifting tongue having one end pivoted
to one of said jaws and constituting an arm
adapted to swing downwardly upon separation
of said jaws, said arm de?ning means for sup
55 porting the crest of a wave of hair adapted to
be interposed between the sides of said jaws and
spring means for clamping the sides of said wave
in the closed position of said jaws, the ?anges
of said jaws de?ning a relatively wide mouth
60 adapted to straddle a correspondingly relative
wide portion of said wave.
10. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter
connected jaws, a hair supporting member pivot
ally carried by one of said jaws, said member
65 constituting an arm adapted to be interposed
between and sustained by said jaws in the closed
position thereof, said arm upon separation of
said jaws adapted to automatically swing down
wardly and away therefrom.
11. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter
70
connected jaws,'an elongated supporting mem
ber pivotally interposed between said jaws, said
member constituting an arm adapted to be sus
tained by said jaws in the closed position of the
75 latter, said arm upon separation of said jaws
v
'
i
13. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter 10
connected jaws, an elongated hair lifting'mem
ber pivotally carried by one of said jaws, and
means associated with said member and one of
said jaws for- tilting a portion of said member
downwardly and away from said jaws during
separation of the latter and for tiltably raising
said portion as to be interposed between and sus
tained by said jaws upon closing of the latter.
14. A wave presser comprising pivotally inter
connected normally closed jaws, a hair lifting 20
member pivoted to one of said jaws, said member
being pivotally and downwardly displaceable rel
ative to said jaws upon separation of the latter,
each of said jaws having an inwardly arranged
tooth, one of which serves to limit downward 25
pivotal displacement of said member.
15. A wave presser comprising a pair of pivoted
jaws constituting a housing and a hair lifting
member interposed between and swingable rela
tive to said jaws in and out of said housing upon 30
closing and separation respectively of said jaws.
16. A wave presser comp-rising a pair of pivoted
jaws constituting a housing, a hair lifting member
hinged to one of said jaws and disposed in said
housing in the closed position of said jaws, and automatic means for moving said member out of
said housing or for raising said member within
said housing upon separation or closing respec-g
tively of said jaws.
17. A wave presser comprising a pair of piv 40
oted jaws, a hair lifting member hinged to one of
said jaws, and means for actuating said member
comprising cam means carried by one of said
jaws and an extension carried by said member.
18. A wave presser comprising a pair of pivoted
and longitudinally curved jaws, a hair lifting
member hinged to one of said jaws, cam means
carried by one of said jaws, and an extension
actuated by said cam means during opening or
closing of said jaws for tilting said member rela
tive to the latter.
19. A wave presser comprising a pair of pivoted
jaws, a hair lifting member hinged to one of said
jaws, a plate carried by one of said jaws and
having cam means, and means carried by said
member cooperating with said cam means for dis
placing said member relative to said jaws during
opening and closing of the latter.
20. A wave presser comprising a fulcrum rod,
jaws pivotally carried by said rod, and a hair 60
lifting extension integral with said rod and inter
posed between said jaws.
21. A wave presser comprising a pair of jaws
each having a manipulating portion, fulcrum
means pivotally sustaining said portions, spring
means cooperating with said portions for nor
mally holding said jaws closed, said jaws consti
tuting a housing and adapted upon separation
thereof to straddle a wave of hair, and a hair lift
ing member interposed between said jaws and 70
adapted to elevate a portion of said wave as to
be disposed between said jaws, said jaws in the
' closed relation thereof cooperating to compress
the sides of said wave elevated by said lifting
75
member.
4
2,121,058
22. A wave presser comprising a housing hav
ing a pair of juxtapositioned jaws each including
an outwardly‘ diverging manipulating portion,
fulcrum means pivotally sustaining said portions,
spring means cooperating to diverge said portions
hair lifting member within said housing and'piv
oted to one of said jaws, said hair lifting member
adapted to tilt downwardly and out of said hous
ing pursuant to separation of said jaws, said
member in its tilted relation in respect to ‘said .5
and normally hold said jaws in their closed rela
jaws adapted to be disposed underneath a wave
tion, said jaws adapted upon , the separation
of hair whereby the sides of said wave straddle
thereof to straddle a Wave of hair‘, a hair lifting
member interposed between said jaws and dis
tilted relation and straddled by said sides adapted
placeable relative thereto, said lifting member
to be seated on a head having said Wave to per
adapted to elevate a portion of said wave within
said housing pursuant to separation of said jaws,
mit relative tilting of said jaws towards said lift
ing member to permit said jaWs'to straddle said
said jaws in their closed relation adapted to com—
press the sides of said wave within said housing
sides and dispose said Wave within said housing,
and means for closing said jaws for compressing
said lifting member, said lifting member in its
1O
against said hair lifting member.
said sides within said housing against said lifting 15
23. A wave presser comprising a pair of hinged
ly connected jaws constituting a housing, and a
member.
NATHAN L. SOLOMON.
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