Патент USA US2121106код для вставки
June 21, 1938. I 2,121,106 H. H STEVENS. JR ‘ SLIDABLE PARTITION Filed May 29, 1937 60/7 wlwfafwl édéé, MR4 / Patented June 21, 1938 2,121,106 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ‘ ' V - 2,121,106 ‘ ‘ SLIDABLE PARTITION Herbert H. Stevens, Jr., Lynn, Mass. Application May 29, 1937, Serial No. 145,471 6 Claims. This invention relates to building constructions and more particularly to a movable wall structure for dividing space in any building, such as a dwelling, o?ice building, or factory, and may in 5 fact be used to divide space horizontally as well as vertically. It is an object of the present invention to pro vide a movable wall structure which may be quickly and conveniently moved into a position to l0 divide a space, such as a floor space and form a neat appearing continuous wall. The wall structure may be made of any suitable material, metal, wood, glass or otherwise, and may be painted, decorated, or even insulated, as desired. 15 My construction is particularly adaptable to modern dwellings in providing great ?exibility cally from the floor I0 and is de?ned by a lower substantially rectangular frame I2 and an upper substantially rectangular frame I3. The lower frame I2 is preferably imbedded in and substan tially‘?ush with the surface of the floor II], but I may be disposed on top of the floor, if desired. Magazine I I may also be journaled in the ?oor and ceiling to pivot in any direction, with correspond ing channels or guideways for the wall panels. Likewise magazine II may be made movable 10 laterally in any direction to enlarge or decrease room size, by the use of suitable fastenings. The upper frame I3 is suitably secured to the ceiling (not shown) of the room. The lowerframe I2 is provided with a groove or passage I6 communi cating with a guideway or channel I1, the upper of floor space and of room arrangement, and the wall structure may be kept out of the way in at tractive magazines when not in use. Thus addi tional“ rooms may be provided, and the size of existing rooms changed, as desired, at very little edges of which are provided with‘ outwardly ‘turned ?anges I8 lying flush with and secured to the ?oor II] by fasteners I9. The upper frame expense and effort. guide members 22. ‘ The invention will be more clearly understood from the following description in conjunction 25 with the accompanying drawing, in which: Fig. 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of a portion of a building having a wall structure embodying the invention; 30' (01. 20-49) ' Fig. 2 is a fragmentary perspective view of a portion of‘ the structure shown in Fig. 1; ' Fig. 3 is a sectional detail'plan view of an aux iliary locking device which may be used on the structure shown in Fig. 1; ' 1 Figs. 4 and 5 are fragmentary perspective views 35 of a portion of a structure of modi?ed form em bodying the invention; and r Fig. 6 is a fragmentary plan view of another modi?ed‘construction embodying the invention, having double panels. > vBefore explaining in detail the present in I3 is provided with a groove or passage 20 com municating with a guideway 2| formed by spaced , v The magazine II is adapted to receive a plu ‘rality of panels 25 arranged in parallel relation. A pair of coil springs 26 are secured at one end to the back of each of the upper and lower maga zine frames I2 and I3. The other ends of each pair of springs 26 engage and urge a presser foot 2'! toward the panels 25 and maintain one of the latter in a position in alinement with the 00-» 03 0 operating guideways I1 and 2|. Preferably the adjacent edges of adjacent panels are provided with stepped cam-like por tions or notches 30 adapted to lap and cooperate to lock adjacent panels together. These notches. 30 may be of any desirable shape. A number of variations are shown at 30a in Fig. 6. It is only necessary that they form a sloping surface which will unlock when the panels are telescoped or pushed together, and will look when the panels‘ vention, it is to be understood that the invention are pulled out or extended longitudinally. One is not limited in its application to the details of * magazine II may be used, the panels in which may extend entirely across a room, to be suitably construction and arrangement of parts illus trated in the accompanying drawing, since the ‘fastened as by a spring-pressed catch to the -45 invention is capable of other embodiments and of wall on the opposite side, or two magazines II‘ being practiced or carried out in various ways. may be used if a large space is to be divided, the Also it is to be understood that the phraseology panels of which will be‘ extended toward each or terminology employed herein is for the purpose other‘ in a straight line and meet, and be suitably of description ‘and not of‘ limitation, and it is fastened. Or a second magazine may be used the panels of which will extend in a different . not intended to limit the invention claimed here in beyond the requirements of the prior art. direction, so that two sets of panels will meet, In Fig. 1 of the accompanying drawing there as at right angles. This latter arrangement is shown in Fig. 1, except that the second magazine is illustrated a floor III of a room arranged to be is itself not illustrated. ' , sub-divided by a movable wall structure embody In Fig. 1 the second structure provided has a. ing the invention. A magazine I I extends verti '2. _ . 2,121,106 channel l1’ and a guideway 2|’ intersecting the channel I1 and guideway 2| respectively. The channel l1’ and guideway 2|’ lead from a maga zine similar to the magazine II and adapted to receive a plurality of panels 25’ which are nor mally urged toward a position in alinement with the cooperating guideways l1’ and 2|’. If desired, and when so ?rm a structure is not absorb lateral thrust upon the panel. A pair of spaced rollers 4| are mounted adjacent each face of the panel to rotate about an axis perpendicu~ lar to the face of the panel and adapted to en gage the outwardly turned flanges I8 on the guide channels I‘! or the lower edges of the members 22. A pair of rollers 42 are mounted to rotate about a horizontal axis parallel to the general plane of the panel and adapted to- engage the bottom or topof the magazine. ||. 10 1 In? Fig. 6 there'is illustrated a structure adapt ed to provide a movable double wall structure. This structure comprises a pair of guide-ways 50 and. 5| at the ?oor and ceiling adapted to guide 15 magazine || along the cooperating guidewaysi'l'l >panelsl52, constructed similar to the panels 25, and 2| to provide a wall structure extending the into. and outof magazines 55 and 56 respectively entire length of the‘ guideways. “As'each‘ panel ‘andpositioned in opposed relation and each con 25 is moved along the guidew'ays fromT thezn’iaga structed similaritor the magazine II. In this modi?cation the outer edges of the zine H, the next adjacent panel 25 in the maga 20 zine is urged by the springs 25 toward‘ai‘po‘sition outer “panels are ?nished by a strip 51 having one ~in~alinement *with" the cooperating iguideways. ‘vertical edge’ 58 ‘square and the other vertical Consequently,‘ as the stepped cam-like-iportions'30 edge shaped tor'?trlthe-stepped-cam-like portion 1 on adjacent "edges ‘of adjacent panels ~approach :59 so'that the strip may be secured to the panel ‘one-another they-are-urgedinto cooperative re 'as-by. pinsv 6|]. necessary guideways l1 and 2| may be elimi nated, so long as other suitable lockingmeans are provided for‘ preventing the panels 25 from‘ fall ing apart, in addition to notches 3EI. When it is desired to subdivide the room, “the panels 25 are successively withdrawn fromthe ~25 ‘lation' so as to! lock theadjacent panels'together as ~illustrated-in Fig. 1. 'In a‘similar manner the It-will then be seen that by means‘of my con- ;. - struction I have provided a movable wall struc panels ‘25’ arer'moved ‘along the ‘cooperating ture of~.great~?exibility and practicality in di guideways |'|’~and 2|’ to ‘their?locations-in‘ the viding room‘spaces, which-will form a ?rm and desired wall structure. 1A locking strip 3| shown .permanent structure when desired, and may be :stored out of‘ the way when not in use. 1-30. in detail in Fig. 2 having‘stepped eam-likeesur 30 faces adapted to cooperateand interengagewith 'made of any-desired material, and capable of re the stepped cam-like edge portions 30 and 3||'~on ceivingtanyidesired decorative treatment, it may the corner panels 25 and 25' is ?tted-into the in be used in-anyv type of building, forlany space tersection of the guideways- 2| and’ 2|’ and the dividing purpose. I claim: intersection ofthe guideways I1 and HT ‘so as to 1. A movable wall structure comprising a plu extend- between the twointersections and form rality of panels, a-magazine adapted to receive 'a corner of the Wall structure. In: Fig. 3; I have shownlan auxiliary locking said panels, means for guiding said panels from said magazine to their locations in said wall struc device, which may be ‘used, if’ desired,~¢-for pre ‘#410 venting the-sections- ‘from separatinghwhen'"itv is ' ture, means for moving said panels in said maga- , 1 Pundesirable- to a'llowthe guideways- |‘|»and- 2| and zine into alignment with. said guiding means while maintaining said panels in parallel posi notches 30 to perform this function alone. r-If desired, alatch 35 may be slidably mounted tions, means operative to move said panels out of in one edge of each of the panels 25 and adapted -alinement and into parallel positions in said mag to‘ engage a recess 36 in ‘the edge of 'an- adjacent azine as said- panels~ enter said ‘magazines, and; .1‘ 45 ~ panel. The latch member 35-is adapted to be en . means for operatively connecting adjacent panels gaged by'the end'of a ?exible dog 3'! so as to move ‘together, so vthat the movement of one panel in said guiding means away ~from saidmagazine will the latch-~ 35 into the recess and~lock~ the-ad 'ja'cent panels together. When ‘the panels-25 are . cause another panel to be moved-out of said mag moved along the cooperating'guideways I‘! ‘and azine. ~-2. vA movable wall structure comprising a plu 2| toward the magazine II, the ?exible: dog‘31 ., r ‘engages the latch member 35 andwwithdraws it iirality of. panels, -a - magazine radapteda-tov receive from the recess 36. I have shown-this'auxiliary said panels, means for guiding said panels from lockingdeviceof Fig.‘ 3,1 asappliedlto Fig.- 1, in said magazine totheir locations in said wall struc ture~,--means'for~ moving said panels in said mag-.1 55 dotted lines thereon, at 32. 'As each-panel-25- is returned to'theimagazine azine into- alignmentswith said guiding means, - | | the springs 26 tend to'maintainitiin alinement ‘»means at- adjacent-edges of said panels operative »-with the cooperating guidewaysv |'|' and-2| by‘the as each panel is moved into'alignment-with said - presser' feet 21. The cam-like portion 3'0 on the guiding means to interlock with an adjacent edge of a panel in themagazine adjacent the guideways is engaged by the cam-like portion 30' panel. - 4' =3. A movable wall structure comprising aplu ‘on the next adjacent panel as it enters the maga >-zine vto move the panels- out ofinterlocking- re -» rality of panels, a magazine adapted to receive - vided with Yspa'ced- r‘ollers"'40"mountedi¥to<‘rotate means from and'toward said magazine for look said PSJ’IEISyIIlBQIlS for-guiding said panels from :lation and- permit the :latter (panel to enterthe said. magazine ‘to their locations. in .said wall 7-65 magazine | | and urge the' ‘first panel-toward - structuralmeans for moving saidv panels in said’; ‘ the'back' of the magazine. ‘magazine into alignment withsaid guiding means, If desired, the vupper and‘lower edges of vthe ~means in each panel- operative as each panel is ~ panels 25 may be provided with a roller structure ~moved in-said magazine into and out of align~ for supporting‘ and guiding v‘the panels -in their ~ ment with-said guiding means'to lock said panel movement in and into'and'out of the magazine with'and unlock'itv vfrom anadjacent panel re-i spectively,~and means independent of each panel ||. Thus; as illustrated incli'igs.v 4 and 5;»the .up ."per and lower edges of the panel 25 may be; pro‘ -~operative arpanel:moves along said vguiding about a vertical axis andlada'pt'editol engage the I ing- and unlocking. adjacent panels respectively. iu-e'weisi‘dei walls‘ofv the ‘channel '1 For? guide-ways‘ 2 | . and. Almovable walllstructure comprisinga plu-F 3 2,121,106 rality of panels, a magazine adapted to receive said panels, means for guiding said panels from said magazine to their locations in said wall struc ture, means for moving said panels in said maga zine into alignment with said guiding means, and means operative as a panel moves along said guiding means from and toward said magazine for independently locking and unlocking adjacent in said magazine toward its position in alignment with said guiding means. 6. A movable wall structure comprising a plu rality' of panels, a magazine adapted to receive said panels, means for guiding said panels from 5 said magazine edge to edge to their locations in said wall structure, and means for moving said , panels in said magazine in a direction perpendic- ' ular to their faces and into alignment with said ‘guiding means, the adjacent panels having 10 rality of panels, a magazine adapted to receive stepped cam-like portions adapted to overlap and ' panels respectively. 5. A movable wall structure comprising a plu said panels, means for guiding said panels from said magazine edge to edge to their locations in said wall structure, and means for moving said 15 panels in said magazine in a direction perpen dicular to their faces and into alignment with said guiding means, the adjacent panels having stepped cam-like portions adapted to overlap and cooperate to lock adjacent panels together cooperate to lock adjacent panels together as a panel is moved along said guiding means out of said magazine and an adjacent panel is moved in said magazine toward its position in alignment 15, with said guiding means, and an edge strip hav ing a stepped cam-like portion adapted to coop erate with the stepped cam-like portion of a panel to provide the end portion of a wall. 20 as a panel is moved along said guiding means out of said magazine and an adjacent panel is moved HERBERT H. STEVENS, JR.