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Патент USA US2121168

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June 21, 1938.
2,121,168
J. R. IHIBSHMAN
‘WEARING APPAREL
Filed March 10, 1937
36
4 Sheets-sheaf; 1
37
INVENTOR.
Jwzs [3. ?as?mnl
'BY
94'
W‘bRNEY.
June 21, 1938.
,1 R‘ HESHMAN
I
2,121,168
WEARING APPAREL
Filed March 10, 1957
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
' I
INVENTOR.
June‘: 11?. Erma/7AM
W
" 3M ATTORIQEY.
Jllm’e 21, 1938.
_
v ' J_ R magi-{MAN
.
2,121,168
WEARI NG APPAREL
Filed March 10, 195"!
4 Sheets-Sheet a '
June 2'], 1938.
2,121,168
J. R. HIBSHMAN
WEARING APPAREL
7» Filed March 10, 1957
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
9m. %wE
I;
A
ORNEY.
‘ Patented June 21, 1938
UNITED ‘STATES2,121,168PATENT‘ \ OFFICE,
‘WEARING APPAREL
James R. Hibshman, Gleveland Heights,‘ Ohio,
assignor toiHarold V. Ensten‘ ‘
1
Application March 10, 1937,‘ Serial No; 130,059
12 Claims.
My invention relates to wearing apparel and
more particularly to wearing apparel in the gen
eral form of a vest.
‘
‘
,
An object of my invention is to provide a
ing the wearing "apparel shown in Figures‘ “10
Figure 12 shows a strip of material for mak
and
11;
‘
‘
‘
‘
form of a vest from a strip of material having
parel in ‘Figures’lO and 11, preparatory to join
ing the several portions‘ together;
_
‘ Figure‘ 14 shows a front view of another modi
for making wearing apparel in the general form
of a vest of a continuous strip of material; folded
and joined in such fashion as to avoid substan
tially any Waste in the material.
Another object‘ of my invention is to‘ provide
for making wearing apparel in the general form
of a vest from a continuous strip of rack-knitted
material having an angularly shaped central por
tion and two angular extension portions and hav
‘?ed form‘of my ‘wearing apparel as it appears
upon a person;
i‘
"
‘
1‘
Figure‘ l5 shows a‘jrear view of my‘wear'ing ~v_
‘apparel in Figure 14 as it‘ appears upon a person;
Figure 1'?1 shows, a rear view of the wearing
apparel in ‘Figures 14‘ :and 15, preparatory to
joining the several portions together.
“20
With reference to Figures 1 and 2, my “weara
ing apparel in the general form of a vest, may
be made from a strip p‘ of material having por
‘tion secured together.
tions angul'arly positioned relative’ to‘ other-por
tions, ‘as indicated generally by the reference
“
_,
,
Other objects and a fuller understanding of
my ‘invention may be had by referring to the fol
lowing description and claims, taken in combina
tion with the accompanying drawings, in which
like‘parts are designated by like reference char
0
acters, and in whichi ‘,
_
,
V
Figure 1 shows a ‘front view of my wearing
apparel as it appears on a person; _
_
V
Figure 2 is a rear View of my wearing apparel
as it appears on a person;
' "
,
Figure 3 shows a fragmentary end view of1 a
‘continuous strip‘ of material from which my
wearing apparel may be constructed;
’ Figure‘ 4' ‘shows a section cut from‘ a continuous
strip‘ of material, adapted ‘for use in making the
iii)
‘
wearing apparel shown in Figures land 2;
‘ p
Figure 5 shows a rear viewqof my wearing ap
parel, preparatory to joining‘ the several por
tions together;
‘
,
Figure 6 shows a vfront view of a modi?ed form
45 of my wearing apparel as it appears upon a
person;
v
‘ Figure 8 shows a strip of material for mak
50 ing my modi?ed wearing‘ apparel“ as shown in
‘
‘
Figure 9 shows a‘ rear view of the wearing ap
parel shown‘ in Figures 6 and 7, preparatory to
joining, the several portions thereof;
character ‘29. ‘ This ‘strip 20‘ may be cut from a
continuous strip of rack-knitted material as ‘in
dicated in ‘Figures 3 and/“4.7 Asl‘illustrated, the
continuous‘ strip is zig-z'agged and the width
measured transversely ‘of its ‘ general‘le‘ngth “is
substantially everywhere the same, and the‘? edges
thereof have‘ continuous selvage‘to “prevent ravel
ling.‘ The particular continuous’ strip‘‘ here de
scribed and‘ shown may be made on a ‘?atbed
knitting machine as ifollows?First by“‘racking"’ a
each course successively ‘in one direction ‘to‘ make
the ?rst length and then by‘reversing the direc
tion of the “racking” until ‘next length is ‘knitted.
This same method is employed to “make each 'suc7
cessive length. The machine“ is‘ operated ‘con’
tinuously and is so‘ constructed that the “rack,
i‘ng”‘ can be reversed automatically. Therefore,
inv making my wearing“ apparel, in the general
form‘of ‘a vest, the strip is‘ knitted to’ the desired
shape and as will appear there is substantially no
cloth or yarn wasted in making my wearing ap- ‘
Figure 7 ‘shows a rear view of my modi?ed
wearing apparel ‘as it appears upon a person;
Figures 6 and 7‘;
'
Figure l?‘shows a strip for ‘making the‘ wear
ing apparel shown in Figures ‘14 and 15; and 'V
‘ing the intermediate part of the central portion
and the two ends of the angular extension‘por
"25
I
Figure 13 shows a‘ rear view of my wearing ap
portions which are angularly positioned relative
'
Mu.
‘
knitted wearing apparel in the general form of
a vest.
Another object of my invention‘is to provide
for‘ making a wearing apparel in the general
Another object of my invention is to provide
55
upon a person;
Figure 11 shows a rear‘view‘ of my wearing ap
parel in Figure 10, as it appears upon a person;
‘to other portions of the strip.
is
(Cl. 2-90)
?ed-form of my wearing apparel as it appears
1
Figure 10 shows a front View of another modi
parel‘.
‘
I
After the continuous strip‘ of rack-knitted ma
terial is made',‘it is then severed‘into the indi
vidua'l-_ strips 20. A single severed strip‘ 20 com to
prises two substantially rhomboidal side portions
22 and ‘23; two substantially‘,rhomboidal exten
sion- portions 2| and 24, and two“ intermediate
sharply zig-‘za‘gged portions 25‘ and 26‘. The ref
erence character 3!, having‘ the ends v3‘?! ‘and 33,
2
2,121,168
designates a rack-knitted line between the two
substantially rhomboidal side portions 22 and 23.
The front edge of the rhomboidal side portion 22
is designated by the reference character 34 and
the rear edge by the reference character 38. The
front edge of the rhomboidal side portion 23 is
designated by the reference character 35 and the
rear edge by 39. The rear edge of the intermedi
ate sharply zig-zagged rack-knitted portion 25
10 is designated by the reference character 48 and
the front edge by 36. The rear edge of the in—
termediate sharply zig-zagged rack-knitted ma
terial 26 is designated by the reference character
4| and the front edge by 31. The line 42, hav
15 ing the ends 44 and 45, designates the severed
end of the substantially rhomboidal extension
portion 2| and the line 43 having the ends 46
and 4‘! designates the severed end of the sub
stantially rhomboidal extension portion 24. The
20 front edge of the substantial rhomboidal exten
sion portion 2| is designated by the reference
character 50 and the front edge of the substan»
tially rhomboidal extension portion 24 is desig
nated by the reference character 5|.
25
In assembly of the severed strip 29 of Figure 4
into a wearing apparel having the general form
of a vest, the portion of the strip in the region
.where the inner ends of the two substantially
rhomboidal sides 22 and 23 are connected to
30 gether, fit the back below the neck and the shoul
ders. The remaining portion of each of the two
substantially rhomboidal side portions 22 and 23
?t respectively over each shoulder and down
wardly over the upper part ofthe chest. The
35 portion of the strip 20 in the region of the inter
mediate sharply zig-z'a-gged portions 25 and 26
68. These two severed ends 65 and 66 are joined
as indicated in Figures 7 and 9, making the seam
69 and causing the corners 45 and 41 to coin
cide at the lower edge of the back band 'of the
garment and the corners 61 and 68 to coincide
at the upper edge of the back band of the gar
ment. The tip 32 of the central back portion
of the substantially rhomboidal sides 22 and 23,
is then joined to the back band in the region of
the corners 61 and 68, making the seams ‘Ill and 10
‘II. This modi?ed form exposes a portion of the
back of the person which adds to the novelty of
the general lines of vests embodying my inven
tion. Also it is to be observed in the making of
the vest shown in Figures 6 and 7 that there is 15
substantially no waste in the material except the
two angular ends which are cut off the substan
tial rhomboidal extensions 2| and 24.
In Figures 10, 11, 12, and 13 I show a further
modi?ed form of my invention, particularly with 20
reference to' a modi?cation of the general ar
rangement and shape of the strip 14 of Figure
12 from which the vests are made. In this modi
?ed form, an intermediate sharply zig-zagged
central portion 15 is rack-knitted between the 25
inner ends of the two substantial rhomboidal side
portions 22 and 23. The front edge of the inter
mediate portion 15 is indicated by the reference
character 1'! and the rear edge by the reference
character 16. The rack-knitted line between the 30
substantially rhomboidal portions 2| and 22 is
indicated by the reference character 18 and the
rack-knitted line between the substantially rhom
boidal portions 23 and 24 is indicated by the
reference character 19. Each end of the sub~ 35
stantial rhomboidal extension portions 2| and
?t a lower part of the chest. Each of the exten
24 of Figure 12 are cut off the same as they were
sion portions 2| and 24 pass under the arms re
spectively and have their outer ends 42 and 43
in Figure 8.
40 connected to each other and to the edges 38 and
39, respectively, making the seams 54. and 55.
In joining the several portions of the continuous
strip 26, the points 45 and 41 are arranged to
coincide substantially with the point 32. The
45 front edges 50 and 5| arejoined for a certain
distance to the points 52 and 53, making a seam
56.
.
.
As illustrated in Figure 5, sections 6| and 62
are cut away, and the cut away edges formed
50 thereby are joined making the seams 59 andv 60
as shown in Figure 2 of the. drawings. This is
done in order to make a good ?tting garment.
The seams may be produced by a sewing opera
tion, which has combined therewith an overcast
55 ing operation to produce a smooth job. The front
of my wearing apparel in the general form of a
vest, may beheld together in the usual manner
by means of button holes 51 and the buttons 58.
In the making of my wearing apparel in the gen
60 eral form of a vest in Figures. 1 and 2, there is
substantially no waste to the material, except
the two sections 6| and 62 which are cut out to
make a good ?tting garment. The edges 34 and
35 may be rolled as indicated in Figures 1 and 2
65 to give a neat appearance.
.
In Figures 6, 7, 8, and 9, I show a modi?ed
form of my invention, particularly in the man
ner in which the several portions of the strip
26 are joined together. In making the garment
70 shown in Figures 6 and r1, the stripv 26 in Figure
8 is used, being the‘same strip as shown in Fig
ure 4, but the angular ends of the substantially
The two severed ends 65 and 66 are joined as
indicated in Figures 11 and 13, making the seam 40
89, and causing the corners 45 and 41 to coin
cide at the lower edge of the back band of the
garment and the corners 6‘! and 68 to coincide
at the upper edge of the back band of the gar
ment. The rear edge 16 of the intermediate 45
portion 15 is then joined to the upper edge of
the band of the garment, making a seam 8|. In
the making of the vest shown in Figures 10 and
.11, there is substantially no waste in the mate
rial except the two angular ends which are cut 50
off the substantially rhomboidal extensions 2|
and 24.
-
In Figures 14, 15, 16, and 17, I show a further
modi?ed form of my invention, and particularly
with reference to a modi?cation of the general 55
arrangementand shape of the strip 83 of Figure
16 from which the vests are made. In this form,
the substantially rhomboidal side portions 22 and
23 are the same as shown in Figures 4 and 8, but
the extensions, identi?ed in Figure 16 as 84 and 60
85 are sharply zig-zagged and extend substan
tially horizontal from the ends of the rhomboidal
side portions 22 and 23.
The front edge of the extension 84 is indicated
by the reference character 88 and the rear edge 65
86, and the front edge of the extension 85 by 89
and the rear edge by 81. A portion of the end
90 of the extension 84 is joined to the edge 38,
making a seam 92, and a portion of the end 9|
of the extension 85 is joined to the edge 39, 70
making a seam 93. The remaining portions of
the ends 98 and 9| are joined, making a seam
rhomboidal extension portions 2| and 24 are cut
94. I As illustrated, sections 95 and 96 are cut
off as indicated by the lines 65 and 66, respec
away, and the cut away edges formed thereby
are joined making the seams 91 and 98 shown 75
75 tively, making the corners 45 and 61 and 4'! and
2,121,168
3
under the arms. In the making of my wearing
apparel in Figures‘ 14. and 15, there is substan
tially no waste of‘ the material except the cut
away sections 95 and 96, which is very small‘. In
Ci all the forms of my garments, they may be held
portions; having an inner‘ end respectively and
together on a person by‘ button holes 51 and
buttons 58. Thus, it is seen that I have‘- pro
duced a garment in the general form of a vest
necting portions, the portion of the strip in the
from a strip of material; folded and ‘joined in
such fashion as to avoid substantially any waste
in the material.
‘Although I have described my invention with
a certain degree of particularity, it is understood
that the present disclosure has been made‘ only
by way of example and. that numerous changes
in the details of construction and the combina
tion and arrangement of parts may be resorted
to without departing from. the spirit and the
scope of the invention as hereinafter claimed.
I claim as my invention:
1. A wearing ‘apparel comprising a strip angu
‘ larly shaped‘ to form‘ a vest, said‘ strip having a
substantially V-shaped central portion and two
extension portions, said substantially V-shap'ed
central portion having two sides connected to
gether at their inner ends, each of said extension
portions being respectively and angularly con
nected to the ends of the sides of the substan
‘ tially V~shaped central portion, the portion of
the strip in the region where the inner ends of
the two sides of the substantially V-shaped cen
tral portion are connected together ?tting the
back below the neck and the shoulders, the re
maining portion of each of said two sides of the
' 7 substantially V-shaped central portion ?tting re
spectively over‘ each shoulder and downwardly
over the upper part of the chest, the portion of
the strip in the regions where each of the said
extension portions is‘ respectively connected to
40 the ends of the sides of the substantially V-shaped
central portion ?tting a lower part of the chest,
the remaining portion of each of said extension
portions passing under the arms respectively and
being connected to each other and to the said,
45 portion of the strip ?tting the back below the
neck and the shoulders‘.
2. A wearing apparel comprising a strip angu
larly shaped to form a vest, said strip having a
central portion and two extension portions, said
‘_ central portion having two sides angularly con
nected together at their inner ends, each of said
extension portions being respectively and angu
larly connected to the ends of the sides of the cen
tral portion, the portion of the strip‘ in the region
‘ l . where the inner ends of the two‘ sides ofv the
central portion are connected together ?tting the
back below the neck and the shoulders, the re
maining portion‘ of each of said two sides of the
central portion ?tting respectively over each
60 shoulder and downwardly over the upper part of
the chest, the portion of the strip in the regions
where each of the said extension portions is
respectively connected to the ends of the sides of
the central portion ?tting a lower part of the
chest, the remaining portion of each of said ex
tension portions passing under the arms respec
tively and being connected'to each other and to
the said portion of the strip ?tting the back be
low the neck and the shoulders.
3. A wearing apparel comprising a strip angu
larly shaped to form a vest, said strip having a
central portion, two interconnecting portions, and
two extension portions, ‘said central portion hav
ing two sides angularly connected together at
their inner ends, each of said interconnecting
angul‘arly connected to the ends of the sides of
the central portion, each of said extension por
tions having an end respectively and angularly
connected to the outer ends of the intercon
region where the inner ends of the two sides of
the‘ central portion are connected together ?tting
the back below the neck and the shoulders, the
remaining‘portion of each of said two sides of 10
the central portion ?tting respectively over each
shoulder and ‘downwardly over the upper part. of
the chest, the portion of the strip in the region
of‘ the interconnecting portions ?tting a lower
part of the chest, and each of the said extension
portions‘ passing under the arms respectively and
having their outer ends connected to each other
and to the said portion of the strip ?tting the
back below the neck and‘ shoulders.
4. A wearing apparel comprising a strip angu 20
larly shaped to form a'vest, said strip having a
central portion and two extension portions, said
central‘ portion having an intermediate portion
and two sides, the inner end of each of the two
sidesbeing angularlyand respectivelyconnected to 25
each end of the intermediate portion, the inner
end of each of said extension portions being re
spectively and angularly connected‘ to the ends
of the sides of the central portion, the portion
of the strip in the region of the intermediate por 30
tion ?tting the back below the neck, each of said
two sides of the central portion passing over each
shoulder respectively and downwardly over the
upper part of the chest, the portion of the strip in
the region where‘each of the said extension por
tions is respectively connected to the ends of the
sides of the central portion ?tting a lower part of
the chest, the remaining portion of each of said
extension portions passing under the arms respec
tively and being connected to each other and to
the said intermediate portion ?tting the back
below the neck.
5. A wearing apparel comprising a strip angu
larly shaped to form a vest, said strip having a
substantially V-shaped central portion and two
extension portions, said substantially V-shaped
central portion having two substantially rhom
boidal‘ sides connected together at their inner
ends, each of said extension portions being re
spectively and angularly connected to the ends 50
of the two substantially rhomboidal sides of the
substantially V-shaped central portion, the por
tion of the strip in the region where the inner
ends of the two substantially rhomboidal sides
of the substantially V-shaped central portion are 55
connected together ?tting the back below the
neck and“ the shoulders, the remaining portion
of each of said two substantially rhomboidal sides"
of the substantially V-shaped central portion ?t
ting respectively over each shoulder and down 60
wardly over the upper part of the chest, the por
tion of the strip in the regions where each of the
said extension portions is respectively connected
to the ends of the substantially rhomboidal sides
of the substantially V-shaped central portion 65
?tting a lower part of the chest, the remaining
portion of each of said extension portions pass
ing under the arms respectively and being con
nected to each other‘ and to the said portion of
the strip ?tting the back below the neck and the 70
shoulders.
6. A wearing apparel comprising a strip angu
larly shaped to form a vest, said strip having a
central portion and two extension portions, said
central portion having an intermediate portion 75
4
2,121,168
and two substantially rhomboidal sides, the inner
‘end of each of the two substantially rhomboidal
sides being angularly and respectively connected
to each end of the intermediate portion, the inner
end of each of said extension portions being re
spectively and angularly connected to the ends of
the substantially rhomboidal sides of the central
portion, the portion of the strip in the region of
the intermediate portion ?tting the back below
10 the neck, each of said two substantially rhom
boidal sides of the central portion passing over
each shoulder respectively and downwardly over
. the upper. part of the chest, the portion of the
strip in the region where each of the said exten
15 sion portions is respectively connected to the ends
of the substantially rhomboidal sides of the cen
tral portion ?tting a lower part of the chest, the
remaining portion of each of said extension por
tions passing under the arms respectively and
20 being connected to each other and to the said
intermediate portion ?tting the back below the
neck.
-
7. The process of making a vest which com
prises forming a strip having a ?at generally
25 V-shaped central portion and two angular ex
30
35
40
50.
55
tension portions, and joining the intermediate
part of the central portion to the two end edges
of the extension portion.
8. A wearing apparel comprising a continuous
strip shaped to form a vest, said strip having a
central generally V-shaped portion and two ex
tension portions angularly connected to the ends
of the central portion, the intermediate part of
the central portion ?tting the back below the
neck and the shoulders and the remaining part
of the central portion ?tting over each shoulder
and downwardly over the upper part of the
chest, the part of the strip in the region where
each of said extension portions is respectively
connected to the ends of the central portion ?t
ting a lower part of the chest, the remaining part
of each of said extension portions passing under
the arms respectively and being connected to each
other.
9. A wearing apparel comprising a continuous
strip shaped to form a vest, said strip having a
generally V-shaped central portion and two ex
tension portions angularly connected to the ends
of the central portion, the intermediate part of
the central portion ?tting the back below the
neck and the shoulders and the remaining part
of the central portion ?tting over each shoulder
and downwardly over the upper part of the chest,
the part of the strip in the region where each of
said extension portions is respectively connected
to the ends of the central portion ?tting a lower
part of the chest, the remaining part of each of
said extension portions passing under the arms
respectively and being connected to each other
and to the said intermediate part of the central
portion ?tting the back below the neck and the
shoulders.
10. A wearing apparel comprising a. knitted
material shaped to form‘ a vest, said material
having a, central portion with two spaced sides
and two extension portions angularly and re
spectively connected to the ends of the said sides,
the intermediate part of the central portion ?tting 10'
the back below the neck and the shoulders, and
the spaced sides respectively ?tting over each
shoulder and downwardly over the upper part of
the chest, the part of the material in the region
where each of the said extension portions is re 15
spectively connected to the ends of the spaced
sides ?tting a lower part of the chest, the re
maining part of said extension portions being
connected together and ?tting under the arms
and around the back.
-
20
11. A wearing apparel comprising a knitted
material shaped to form a vest, said material
having a central portion with two spaced sides
and two extension portions angularly and re
spectively connected to the ends of the said sides, 25
the intermediate part of the central portion ?tting
the back below the neck and the shoulders, and
the spaced sides respectively ?tting over each
shoulder and downwardly over the upper part
of the chest, the part of the material in the region
where each of the said extension portions is re
spectively connected to the ends of the spaced
sides ?tting a lower part of the chest, the remain
ing part of said extension portions being con
nected together and ?tting under the arms and 35
around the back, and being connected to said
intermediate part of the central portion ?tting
the back below the neck and shoulders.
12. A Wearing apparel comprising a knitted
material shaped to form a vest, said material 40
having a central portion and an extension por
tion, the intermediate part of the central por
tion ?tting the back below the neck and shoulders,
said central portion having two spaced sides ?t
ting the shoulders and the upper part of the 45
chest, said extension portion having a ?rst part
?tting a lower part of the chest, two portions con
stituting a second part ?tting the sides of the
body under the arms and a third part ?tting the
back, the third part of the extension portion ?t
ting the back being connected to the central por
50
tion and each of the two portions of the second
part of the extension portion ?tting the sides of
the body under the arms being respectively an
angular continuation of the said spaced side which 55
?ts over the shoulder on the same side of the
body.
JAMES R. HIBSHMAN.
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