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Патент USA US2121181

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June 21,_l938.-" '
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K. J. BAYERL
2,121,181
VSYSTEII FOR mméron?ne FREIGHT
Filed my 25; 1953'
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is ‘Sheets-Sheet 1'
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'INVENTOR
June 21, 1938.
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K; J, BAYERL
2,121,181
SYSTEM FOR IRANSPORTING FREIQHT
Filed May 25, 1933
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3 Sheets-Sheet 2
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$19.12
INVENTOR
f Patented June 21, 1938 ‘
2,121,181
‘*UNITEDF STATES PATENT‘ OFFICE‘
2,121,181
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SYSTEM FOR 'ritANsroa'rrNG FREIGHT
Karl J .. Bayerl, Willoughby,_ Ohio
Application May 23, 1933, Serial No. 672,434
1' Claims. '(ci. 214—38)
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It is a further object to provide simple eco
My invention relates to a system for transport
ing freight between a, consignor’s premises and nomical and dependable means for moving large
or small trailers sidewise in a general parallel re
a consignee’s premises, in which freight 'is re
ceived at the former on a transporting means lation with and onto a railway car by use of
power from the tractor only, so that freight 5
' a and is by the same means in combination‘with
a railway system transported intact to the lat-. laden trailers. may be readily and easily loaded
ter without the’ necessity of rehandling ' the‘ aboard a railway car with great dispatch and
with the services of relatively few attendants.
freight at intervening terminal points. My in
It is a further object of my invention to pro- ,
vention relates particularly to such a system for
10 handling freight which utilizes in combination vide hinged or extensible elements which extend w
1 means of ‘transportation by both motor truck and between an adjacent platform and a railway car,
forming tracks or runways over which suitable
linv the wholesale, transportation of bulk trailer supporting carriers may be run while
loading or unloading a trailer ontoo or from a
freight, competition between the various trans
railway.
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lli porting systems necessitates continued vigilance
to ?nd simpli?ed and practical ways and means
' railway car.
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It is a further speci?c object to provide a sim
of'reducing the cost of operation, so that the cost ple effective mechanism for loading and unload
of shipping merchandise does not tend to be 1 ing trailers aboard a railway car which is adapt
come either prohibitive or too large a factor in ed to disengage the trailer from its tractor and
'20 the ultimate costv of the merchandise. Itv is a support the disengaged trailer in a position to be - 0
known fact that branch railway systems, ema
nating from densely populated railway terminal
points and extending into less" populated and
more rural districts, incur a maintenance cost
25 out of proportion to the earning value of these
branch lines.
The cost of ~ operating these
branch lines must of necessity be absorbed in
the entire operating cost of a railway system and
increases the general freight rate,’ which is in
30 many cases not only out of proportion to the
prices ' obtained for the merchandise shipped
moved sidewise in a substantially parallel rela-
tion with and onto a railway car, and which sub-'1 '
s'equently may be used in a like manner to un- 1§~
load the trailer and support it ina position for
reengagement with a second tractor.
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It is a still further speci?c object of my inven
tion to‘ provide means for loading ?fth-wheel
typ'e trailers side wise on board a drop frame type -
railway car, by which the ?fth-wheel 'or ~front
end of the ‘trailer is supported on the high piat- 30
form of the railway car and the rear or road
thereby, butjplaces a more or less high ?nite Wheel end of the trailer is supported on the _low
limitation on the possibilities of further reduc ' platform of the car, the ‘trailer at all times being
ing such freight rates. My system contemplates supported in substantially its normal operating
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35 a method of freight handling in which practical position.
It‘ is another speci?c object of my invention
and greatly simpli?ed means for using motor
trucks and trailers in combination with trunk to provide a system of and means for loading
railway lines permit of substantial reductions in‘ ?fth-wheel type trailers on board a drop frame
operating costs, while at the same time tending type railway car, which permits‘ close spacing of
the adjacent complementary sides or ends of
40 to increase the speed and safety of the service.‘
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‘It is a general object of my improved system trailers so loaded, thereby permitting longer
to utilize '?fth-wheel trailer type motor trucks trailers to be loaded on a given car or a shorter
car to'be used. for given lengths of trailers.
for collecting freight on the premises of the con
Various other advantages and objects of my
signor, properly stowing such freight on, board
45 the trailer, transporting the trailer to a railway improved system will be apparent as it is more
terminal point, disconnecting the trailer from its fully described in connection with the attached
drawings in which,
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tractor and moving it bodily sidewise in a gen
Fig, 1 is an elevation of a depressed type plat
eral parallel relation with and on board a suit
able railway car, transporting the car to a second form car having two trailers loaded thereon.
Fig. 2 is a plan view of Fig. 1 showing a loaded
59 terminal point, removing the trailer bodily side
' wise in a general parallel relation with and from
.the railway car‘ at the latter terminal point, con
necting'the-trailer to a second tractor and there
- uponadelivering the freight therein to the cone
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signee’s premises.
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40
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50
‘car alongside a loading or ‘unloading platform.
Fig. 3 is a cross sectional view along the line
3-3 of Fig. 1.
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‘ Fig. 4‘ is an end view of‘ that shown in Fig. 1,
showing partial details of unloading a trailer.
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2,121,1e1
loading on or attaching a trailer after unloading
the trailers. It will be obvious that a number
of such arrangements may be worked out and
it is intended that these be included within the
from a railway car.
scope of this invention.
Fig. 5 is an elevation showing apparatus used
in detaching a trailer from a tractor prior to
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Fig. 6 is a partial elevation of the view shown
in Fig. 5 illustrating a slightly different plat
form apparatus for use in loading or unloading
the trailers.
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Fig. 7 is a diagrammatic view of apparatus
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In many instances ?fth-wheel type trailers are
provided with adjustable supporting means for
supporting the trailer in position to be attached
to a towing tractor, and where such is provided
on the trailer the raising and lowering jack
mechanism 38 may be omitted and a rigid stan 10
10 used for loading a trailer on a railway car.
Fig. 8 is a similar diagrammatic view of ap- _ chion substituted therefor, in which case the ad
justable supporting means attached to the trailer
paratus used for unloading a trailer from a rail
way car.
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may be used in supporting it before loading and
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Fig. 9 is a diagrammatic view of cable connec
15 tions to a trailer during unloading.
Fig. 10 is an end elevation of a loaded ?at car
showing hinged skids used in loading or unload
ing trailers on the car.
Fig. 11 is a plan view of Fig. 10 showing the
skids in their downmost position.
Fig. 12 is an enlarged detail view of a type of
support for supporting the trailer on a railway
?at car.
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Fig. 13 is a side view of the support shown in
.Fig. '12.
Referring now to Figs. 1, 2, and 3, there are
shown trailers designated in their entirety at l0,
after unloading while attaching to ~the tractor.
In Fig. ,7 is shown diagrammatically an ar
rangement of cables and pulleys for loading a
trailer on a railway car.
There the trailer is as
sumed to be loaded from a convenient platform
on the right. A cable 42 is attached to an eye
in one side of ‘the trailer at 44 and extends over
pulleys 46'and 52 on the railway car, thence over
a pulley 54 on the tractor, to the winch mecha
nism 58 on the rear of the tractor, which is more
clearly indicated in Fig. 5.
In Fig. 8 is shown a similar method for unload)
ing a trailer from a railway car. There'the ca
ble 60 is shown as connected to an eye 82 on the
trailer, thence over a pulley 63 secured to an
eye 6i in the platform, and thereafter over the
the trailers are loaded on a car of the type shown. pulley 54 on the tractor, to the winch mechanism
the wheels are supported in carriers l4, which 58 on the tractor. An alternative arrangement
comprise a frame mechanism It having rollers i8 is shown in dotted lines, the cable 80 overrun
secured therein and adapted to run in a guiding ning a pulley 61 in a hinged bracket 48, adapted
track 20 on the floor 22 of the car l2. The to swing upwardly onto the car floor 22 by the
front or towing end of the trailer is supported on hinge 50, and thence over the pulleys 53, 55, and
. and temporarily secured to a,transverse support? 54 to'the winch mechanism 58. It will be obvi
ing .beamv carrier 24 having rollers 26 secured ous from both Figures '1 and 8 that the tractor
thereto. which are adapted ‘to run in a guiding provides the necessary power to both load and un
track 28 secured to the ‘?oor 22 of the car l2. load a trailer, and that the mechanism shown em
Each trailer has a'kingpin III which coacts with ploys simple cable and pulley arrangements, '
a suitable towing mechanism on’ a towing trac ‘which are well known devices for such purposes.
tor, the details of which are well known to those Inconnecting the cable to the trailer as at the
points 44 and 62 it may be desirable to fork ‘the
familiar with the art. When loading or ‘unload
ing the trailers on board the railway car they pulling cable so" as to connect at two points, as
indicated in Fig. 9, to insure that the trailer is
may be moved sidewise from an adjacent plat
moved on or off the carsmoothly and without a
form 22 by use of the carriers l4 and 24 track
ing in the channel members 34 and 28, the twisting movement. While I have shown an ar
rangement of cables and ‘ pulleys actuated by
former being supported at one end on the rail
power from a towing tractor it will be obvious
way car l2 and at the other end by a Jack mech
_ anism ll (see ‘Figs. 4 and 5) ,.and the latter being that other apparatus may be used, and power
supported by the platform 22. The channels 36 supplied from another source, such for example
may be slidable transversely of the platform 32 as a winch mechanism on. the adjacent platform.
in a specially formed slot or duct 40, as is shown Again it may be desirable to have the eyes or
in Fig. .5, or may be similarly placed in a mov , rings Bl embedded in the loading and unload
mounted on a depressed type or drop frame rail
way car, designated in its entirety‘ at I72. When
able inclined plane 42, illustrated in Fig. 6. This
ing platform. to which the pulleys 83 may be
secured when unloading, as is illustrated in Fig.
point on the platform and does not require spot . 9, for more conveniently connecting to the winch
ting of the railway car as is-neeessary in the mechanism El on the tractor. The eyes or rings
case of the slot built into the platform. The 4| may be suitably spaced along the opposite edge
inclined plane 42 may be constructed of light .of the platform away from the railway car I2.
fabricated steel and be made a part of the rail
thereby providing a number of convenient points
inclined plane 42 may be moved to any desired
way car equipment. For example, it may be for attaching pulleys. ‘hinged at one end on the side of the railway
In Fig. 10 is shown an arrangement in which
car and ‘during shipment held in an upward ‘hinged skids 88 are adapted to be swung up
position, such as indicated for the skids O8 in wardly and held against the sides of the trailer
Fig. 10 (more fully hereinafter referred to) and ' by suitable tie rods 10 during shipment, and on
_ swung‘downwardly during loading or unloading,
loading or unloading the trailer are swung down
as there shown.
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wardly to a position as indicated in dot and dash
The slidable channels 34 and 3' may also be lines at the right. The skids may be comprised
70 made a part of the railway car equipment. For of channel members 14. suitably secured on a 70
example they' may be carried separately on the plate member 18’ which is hinged to the car plat
car and suitably placed in position during loading or‘unloading, or may be adapted to slide in form as at 12, or they may be simple structural
members indicated at 15, as is shown in
and out from the ear platform proper, to provide channel
Fig. 11. Skids are provided on both sides of the 76'
suitable guiding tracks for loading or unloading
9,121,181
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railway car so that loading or unloading may
may handle more than two trailers. It will also
take place from either side.
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_ To hold the trailers in rigid position on the
be apparent that if one shipper is not able to
fill completely a single trailer it may be trans
railway car a mechanism'as illustrated in Figs.
ported to a number of shippers’ premises and so
12 and 13 may be used. Amovable stanchion 80
loaded ,until ?lled. The convenience to the
is hinged on ‘a cam shaft 82, which may be ac
tuated by a lever 84 to raise, or lower the stan
chion when positioned under a corner-or edge
of a trailer body 86 to relieve the trailer tires of
shipper is at once obvious and the safety which
results to the goods, shipped is likewise apparent.’
It is to be understood that motor trucks and
trailers are intended to collect freight over a wide
10 the trailer and freight weight during transporta ‘ ‘area within a relatively large radius adjacent a 10
tion on the car. Strain rods 88 and turnbuckles terminal point, and not necessarily restricted/to
90 may be‘s'uitably connected to the stanchion 80
and the car floor to add rigidity and stiffness.
Cushioning pads 92, of rubber or the like, may
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be inserted between the stanchion and trailer
body to absorb shock and prevent wear at this
point. As many stanchion supports may be used
16'
the immediate urban vicinity. As one example,
the motor trucks may serve several counties ad
jacent a terminal point. In serving such a large
adjacent area it will be obvious that freight col Ni
lected from many points in that vicinity may be
consigned to 'many points in the vicinity of a
second terminal point, in which case it may be
as is- desired.
In carrying out my system of handling freight _ ‘necessary to redistribute the freight between
many combinations of routings may be worked
out and to illustrate this I shall describe one inv
detail. If it is assumed that the cities of Chicago
trailers at the ?rst terminal point'. 'For ex
ample, if it is assumed that freight is collected
-.between these two points to. serve thedistrlcts
adjacent to each, a description of the operation
of my system in connection therewith will readily
indicate its many advantages. For example, let
it be supposed that two shippers, A and B, in the
within the vicinity of Cleveland, it is natural to
expect that there will be a number of small con’
at'a large number of points in Cook County, Illi
and Cleveland constitute terminal points and nois, and transported to a terminal point within
that it is desired to ship freight back and forth. the city of Chicago for transportation to points
at,
vicinity of Cleveland wish to ship merchandise to
consignees C and D in the vicinity of Chicago.
At Cleveland a single tractor may be used, ?rst
to‘ transport an empty trailer to his premises,
which may be left there while being loaded with
A’s goods to be shipped. The‘tractor then trans
signments picked up at various points through
out Cook County for a single given point within
the vicinity of Cleveland. It may therefore be
desirable to redistribute these consignments so 30
that a complete trailer is made up for this given
point in the vicinity of Cleveland. In this man
ner completely ?lled trailers for de?nite points in
the vicinity of Cleveland, as‘ for example, Berea.
Elyria, etc., may be made up at the first ter 85
ports a second trailer to \B’s premises for a like _ minal' point, and transported directlyto such
purpose. The tractor then calls at A’s premises, ‘ places from the second terminal point, thereby
receives the loaded trailer and thereupon hauls
- is to a railway terminal point in the city of Cleve
land. On arriving at the railway terminal point
the tractor places the trailer in a position such as
indicated in Fig. 5, that is, the rear wheels are
simplifying the distribution of the freight and
tending to lower the cost of transportation. The
same arrangement will of course work in both 40
"directions.
While reference has been made chie?y to load
run into the carrier mechanism I4 and the front s ing trailers on a railway car from a platform,
end of the trailer is jacked up on the beam car- , provision may also be made for loading or un
a rier
24 by use of the jack 38.’ Cable and pulley
connections are then made as’ indicated in Fig. 7
and'through power from the tractonthe trailer is
moved sideways on the channels 34 and 36 on
board the railway car. The~cable and pulley con
nections are then disconnected and the tractor
then proceeds tmB's premises where it picks up
the trailer loaded with B's goods and in like man
‘ , ner brings it to the railway terminal point where
y it is moved on board the railway car in the man
55 ner as just described. The loaded car is now
ready for transportation by usual railway meth
loading at points where a platform is not avail
This' may be accomplished with the skid
arrangements illustrated in Figs. 10 and 11. With
such an arrangement the carriers l4 and 24 are
still used and the trailer is loaded or unloaded
by moving up or down the skid 68 with the ap
paratus and methods illustrated in Figs. 7 and 8.
~ able.
It will be obvious that instead of the hinged skid
arrangement shown, attachable and vdetachable
channels may be used, or channels which slide in
and out from the car platform, as heretofore re 55
ferred to.
It is desirable in such a'case to throw up a
temporary embankment alongside the car, to
simplify the loading or unloading and so that
the power required to skid the trailers onto the 00
railway car would not be more than that which
ods to the city of Chicago, and on arriving at
Chicago the car is placed adjacent a suitable
platform and unloaded with power from a suit
able tractor by use of the method ilustrated in
Fig. 8. The tractor then hauls the ?rst trailer
to either C or D, for example to C, and leaves it can be supplied by the tractor.
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on Us premises for unloading. The tractor then
It will thus be seen that my system of freight
returns to- the railway terminal point in Chicago,
handling comprises a combinational use of motor
65 unloads the second trailer and thereafter hauls
it to Us premises where it ‘is left for unloading. trucks and railway systems in which the motor
If in the meantime C has a load to be shipped "trucks are used for the short or branch hauls
back to Cleveland he will proceed to so load the and the railway system is used for the long haul.
trailer which he has just emptied and the tractor Further, my system contemplates the use of sim
may
call at his premises, pick up this trailer ple and reliable mechanism for sidewise loading
_10 and now
carry it back to the railway terminal in or unloading of either small or large trailers on
Chicago. It will thus be seen that one tractor at board a railway ‘car, and the arrangement, con
each terminal point may 'conveniently handle templated is such as will expedite the shipping
two trailers .with. the greatest of facility, and in
some instances it will be apparent one tractor
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of goods between rural or outlying points with
safety, dispatch, and greatly reduced cost.
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2,121,181
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claim:
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1. The method of transporting freight between
‘ two points which comprises loading at one point
the freight in a trailer having rear wheels and
a king pin and adapted to be transferred over an
ordinary road, transporting the trailer to a rail
way terminal, placing the rear wheels onto trans
?fth-wheel portion of said trailer on the high
platform of said car, guiding tracks adapted to
be placed between said car and platform, and
including a guiding track for ‘said rear wheel
carrier and a separate guiding track for said
?fth-wheel carrier, and means for moving said
trailer on said carriers over said tracks from said
verse carriers, placing the-king pin on another
‘transverse carrier, moving the trailer sidewlse
car to said platform.
5. The combination with a railway freight-car
10 onto a drop frame type railway car on said trans
_’ verse carriers so that said ?rst named transverse
carriers are moved onto the lower platform of
said car and the last named transverse carriers
stanchions for supporting said trailer on said car.
and cams and levers for elevating and lowering
15 and transporting the car to a second railway ter
tires of the load while on the car.
and a fifth-wheel type trailer, of supporting
said stanchions, whereby the trailer supported
are moved onto the higher platform of said car, ‘ thereby may be elevated to relieve the trailer
minal, movement of the trailer sidewlse-off the
car on said transverse carriers, and transporting
. the trailer to the other point.
2. The method of shipping freight among a
plurality of places which comprises gathering
freight ‘from’ one group of places in highway
trailers‘ having rear wheels and a king pin for
. attachment to a tractor, transporting the loaded
trailers by tractors to a railway loading point,
moving the rear wheels onto a transverse carrier
associated with the lower portion of a drop frame
type railway car, detaching the trailers from the
tractors, attaching said king pin to a transverse
carrier associated with the higher portion of said
drop frame type railway car, moving the trailers
sideways in a general parallel relation with and
onto said railway cars with power from the
, tractors, transporting the cars to another railway
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6. A system for transporting freight, compris
ing a plurality of stations, each having an auto
mobile runway alongside of and parallel with
arailroad track, platform cars having end por
tions at the usual level of ?at cars and having 20
lower central portions substantially level with
said runways, a carrier element adapted to re
ceive the road wheels of highway trailers, a; fur
ther carrier element adapted to receive the ?fth
wheel portion of said trailers, means to guide the 25
first named carriers onto the lower central por
tion and the last named carrier onto the higher
end portions, said means guiding the trailers
bodily sidewlse onto the car on said carriers,
which means are ?xedly attached to said car, and 30
for similarly guiding them from the cars at each
‘of the stations.
7. In a freight transportation, system using
loading point, moving the trailers sidewlse in a highway trailers and drop center type platform
generalparallel relation with and from the cars ' railroad cars, the combination of agplurality of
with power from other tractors, and transporting road vehicle runways alongside of the "railway
the trailers to another group of places for un
loading.
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track at a plurality of stations and at a height
' substantially level with the lower platform of the
'3. The combination with a drop frame railway
railroad car, carrier elements onto which the
trailers being supported on the high platform of
the other end of the trailer to support the other
end of the trailer to permit disconnecting its
car, of ?fth-wheel highway vehicle trailers sup- - road wheels may be rolled when extending across 40
_ ported on said car, the fl'fth'wheel end of the the runways, a supporting carrier element for
the car and the road wheels of the trailer being
tractor, said carrier elements being'adapted to
move the roads-wheels upon the lower platform 45
of said railroad car, said supportingycarrier ele
ments-being adapted to move the other end of
the trailer onto the higher platform'of said rail
road car, said ‘movement being accomplished
said-car through successive substantially parallel while the trailer is at all times parallel with the 750
railroad car, and said carriers and supporting
vplanes.
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4. The combination with a dropv frame type carriers permitting the trailersto be similarly
railway freight car, of a fifth-wheel type roadway ~ removed at similar platforms and be attached to
tractor vehicles for transportation over ‘highways
trailer positioned on said car, a carrier support
ing the rear- wheels of said trailer on the low away from any of said stations.
supported on the low platform of the car, and
carrier means ?xedly mounted on the low plat
for‘m'of the car engaging the. road wheelsland
carrier means fixedly mounted on the high plat
form of the car. engaging the ?fth-wheel end of
the trailers for moving said trailers sidewise oil’
platform of‘ said car, a carrier supporting the
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KARL J. BAYERL.
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