Патент USA US2121220код для вставки
June 21, 1938. 2,121,220 A. J. FILKINS ROOF DRAIN Filed DSC. 18, 1936 M 2,121,220 Patented June 21, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,121,220 ROOF DRAIN `Arthur J. Filkins, Chicago, Ill., assignor to Paul Dickinson, Inc.. Chicago, Ill., a corporation of Illinois ` Application peeember 18,1936, sei-iai Ne. 116,529 i) Claims. (Cl. 18e-_31) yThis >invention relates vin general to a drain outlet for a ‘flat or plain surface and is more par ticul'arly described yas an outlet for a roof. Among the important objects of the inven »5 tion are; the provision ‘of improved means for removably attaching a domed outlet to ‘a roof insert; to providea domed outlet with an in tegral clamping ring ‘gravel stop; to provide an 'iinproved‘roof insert for a drain of this type; ‘pipe and forming `a partition for _packing ma terial lll, such as 'oakurn or the like, inserted from the bottom of the member around the pipe. roof insert to a ‘drain pipe; and in general to produce the ‘structure herein ’shown and de and for a sealing gasket Il of lead and the like which 4»is poured in at the `bottom of the member 4 around the pipe l and held in place by a seal ing groove I2. ¿At the bottom of the ‘extension is :a clamping gland ring "I3 having an inclined scribed. “surface -|-4 for wedging a packing material l5 toi-provide improved means for attaching the ‘ »In the accompanying drawing illustrating a of. preferred 'embodiment 'of the invention, Fig, 1 is 'a View partly in section and partly in 'side elevation, of aro'of drain ‘structure as ap plied to a roof;> and Fig. 2 is a top View of the structure shown in Fig. l. >In 'a roof drain it is desirableto provide an outlet which has a domed structure extending above the ordinary roof »level to provide for a rush ’of Water or other liquid, and to provide v25 -To connect the roof member 4 to a down spout 1, the lower `end of the member is formed with a glandv extension 8 having an inward 'angular extension il and closely embracing the such as filax packing in and around the bottom of the gland extension 8 and against the parti- ï -tion 9. This ring i3 is `clamped tightly against the packing I5 by fastening ‘bolts i'iì inserted through the out-er ilange of the ring i3 and through corresponding threaded ears l1 at the outer side of the extension 8. A dome member 20 has a number of lateral openings or slits 2l in its sides and additional slits or `openings 22 adjacent the bottom and at the top of the dome are a plurality of openings 23, the sides of which are widened inwardly to .an ‘increased outlet therefor even 'though ‘the ordinary lower drain openings are clogged by vprevent the lodgment of any dirt which is large 'anï'ac'cu'mmulation of dirt or debris. It ¿is also desirable to provide a roof drain which is leasily and quickly removable for clean but ‘which 'may be inserted tightly in place, eo ing clamping an extending edge of the roofing ma terial “such 'as waterproof paper, felt or 'the like, to inake a waterproof joint. In a structure of this kindy it is also desirable to provide a gravel stop ‘which 'will engage the ordinary par ..35 "ticlês *bf gravel vor ‘other roof covering material and prevent it from clogging the ordinary `lower discharge openings of the drain. ' A practical roof drain must also be quickly and adjustably attached-at the end of a discharge pipe so that the roof member may be easily adjusted and set in position, producing a waterproof joint with the pipe. Referring now more particularly to the draw 45 ing, a roof drain comprising a roof member 4 is set into or suitably supported by a roof struc ture 5, including also a roof covering G of lay ers of roofing material, usually Waterproof paper or felt, but may also be sheet metal or other 50 similar roofing material, the upper edge of the member 4 which is preferably in the form of a circular funnel is ñush with the edge of the roof below the roofing material 6 so that the edge of this material extends into the downwardly in 55 clined edgeof the roof member 4. enough to pass through the outer surface. The lower rim or edge 24 of the dome is continu ous and has an outer inclined surface 25 ‘cor responding to the inner inclination of the mem 30 ber '4. The outer edge also has a partially over lapping rirn 26 which extends over the top of the member 4 and has a number of V-shaped grooves 21 in the upper edge which form liquid openings tothe inside of the rim, the rim it self constituting a gravel stop for preventing roof material from passing freely to the lower edges of the openings 2l and 22. Inside of the roof member 4 at each side thereof are a pair `of projections 28, together forming a bifurcated hook for engaging the head 29 of a fastening bolt 30 which is inserted from the inside through one of the slot's 2l to the out er side of the dome where a clamping surface 3| is provided for engaging a fastening nut 32 preferably of the wing nut type so that it may be quickly turned up on the threaded portion of the bolt by the hand or fingers of an oper ator. In applying the dome member, the bolts ex 50 tending loosely through opposite slots 2l are moved to engage their heads with the hooks 28 and the thumb nuts 32 are tightened ‘in place which causes the inclined `surface 25 to bear against the edge of the roofing sheets E which 2 2,121,220 overlap the inclined edge of the roof member 4 and the slightly overhanging rim 26 is drawn down tightly against the top of the roofing material so that it is clamped tightly in place, making a watertight connection and preventing any leakage around the roof drain. 'I'he projections 28 which form the hooks for engaging the fastening bolts 30 are located below the clamping surfaces 25 and 3l so that 10 the heads 29 of the bolts are easily engaged with the fastening hooks formed by the projec tions without obstruction by the edge of the roofing cover or sheets 6, so that it is not neces sary to insert the bolts through the cover nor 15 to damage or disñgure the cover in any way. Furthermore the bolt heads are more easily engaged with the hooks than by attempting to insert them in a threaded opening and- thus to tighten the parts together. In practice the bolts are inserted from the bottom through the perfo rations of the dome and the fastening wing nuts 32 are loosened so that the heads are easily extended and manipulated to engage the hooks. 25 'Iihe slots 2l and 22 as well as the openings 23 are largest toward the bottom so that they tend to be self-cleaning for dirt and foreign ma terial which tends to lodge and fill up the open ings, the gravel stop rim tends to prevent the roof particles from flowing over onto the roof . ,30 drain and the openings 21 allow the water or other liquid to pass through almost’ to the level of the roofing material itself. The dome mem ber of the roof drain is easily and quickly re moved for cleaning or replacement and the roof 35 drain itself is easily and quickly installed on the upper end of a pipe and in contact with 'the roof supporting members. I claim: - 1. A roof drain comprising a roof member and 40 a perforate dome having corresponding inclined surfaces, to engage a roof cover therebetween fastening means extending through openings of the dome, and projections on the inside of the member beyond and free from the edges of a roof cover to engage the fastening means without obstruction with said cover. 2. In a roof drain, a roof member and a dome therefor having inclined surfaces fitting to gether at the upper and inner edge of the mem ber and adapted to engage the edge of roof cover layers therebetween, and means to clamp the dome against the member with roof layers there between, said means comprising a bolt extending through the dome, and the roof member having 55 projections below the edge of the roof cover for making engagement with the bolt head. 3. In a roof drain, a roof member having an inner inclined funnel surface, a perforate dome having a rim with an inclined surface to fit the 60 outer funnel surface, and with an outer portion partially overlapping the upper rim of the funnel surface, pairs of projections at the inside of thel roof member below the funnel surface, and fastening bolts inserted through the dome and the heads adapted to be hooked into engagement with said projections for fastening the dome to the roof member. 4. In a roof drain according to claim 3, the outer rim of the dome extending upwardly about the edge outside of said bolts to form a gravel 10 stop and having notches downwardly in the up wardly extending portion for the passage of water almost to the level of the roof member. 5. In a roof drain, a roof member and a dome seated within and contacting at its edge in the 15 member and means for securing it thereto at the inside of the seating edge, the dome having openings through its wall which are larger at the bottoms than at the tops to prevent clog ging the openings, and the lower ends of the 20 openings being below the securing edge and below the level of the upper edge of the roof member. 6. In a roof drain, a covering dome having an outer rim and a connected wall which ex tends below the upper edge of the rim and with 25 slots therein extending vertically and below the rim, and a roof member in which the dome is seated by contact with the said outer rim only. 7. In a roof drain, a perforate dome having an outer rim extending upwardly above the lower 30 ends of the perforations with an outer beveled clamping edge and having notches in the upper edge of the rim forming a gravel stop but allow ling a liquid drainage through the notches, and a roof member having an inner inclined surface at the top to engage said clamping edge. 8. In a roof drain, a roof member with a fun nel opening, a perforate dome having an outer clamping rim to fit the top of the opening with a roof layer therebetween, fastening bolts ex~ tending through opposite dome openings, projec 40 tions in the funnel below the clamping rim to engage the bolt heads, and a contact surface at the outer side of the dome through which the bolt extends for flatly engaging a fastening nut on the bolt. 9. In a roof drain, a roof member having a funnel opening with a flange at one end to eX tend under the rooñng and a drain pipe exten sion at the other, means forming a water-tight drain pipe connection, and means including a 50 perforate dome with an outer engaging rim for clamping the edge of roofing between it and the upper edge of the funnel _for forming a water tight connection at the top of the roof, said means including fastening devices inserted through perforations of the dome and engaging the roof member vbeyond and free of the clamped edge of the roofing. , ARTHUR J. FILKINS.