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Патент USA US2121363

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June 2l, 1938.I
Filed April 6, 1937
Patented June 21, 1938
2,121,363 l
PATENT ortica
Joseph F. Myers, Carthage, Mo.
Application April e, 1937, serial No. 135,310 `
3 Claims.
This invention relates to burial vaults, and it
has for its object to provide a simple and inex
pensive vault of substantially an imperishable na
ture and one in which a casket may be sealed
in such manner as to be forever protected from
water or moisture, even though buried in theV
The invention may be best understood by ref
erence to the accompanying drawing wherein:
Figure 1 is a fragmentary plan view of the base
of the vault;
Fig. 2 is a transverse vertical section, and
Fig. 3 is a partial longitudinal sectional View of
inner and outer forms, it is possible to make the
lining itself serve as the inner form for the cover 8.
While I have shown a conventional wire mesh
6 as the reinforcing element for base 5 and a con
Ventionalwire mesh reinforcing element I4 for 5
the cover 3, I wish it to be understood that simple
rods or other reinforcing elements may be used
in this relation.
Further, while I have described the inner lin~
ing 9 as being made of sheet zinc (for example, 10
24 gauge), I wish it to. be understood that the in- '
a burial vault constructed in accordance with the
vention contemplates the use of any suitable sheet
metal in this relation. It is only essential that
the metal employed be stiff enough to maintain
its form during construction of the cover and 15 '
Like numerals designate corresponding parts
throughout the several ñgures of the drawing.
In carrying out the invention, I first form a
base 5 of reinforced concrete, the reinforcing be
20 ing indicated at 6. This base is provided with a
groove or channel 'I in its upper face, which eX
tends all the way around the base and receives
the lower edge vof the vault cover 8. This vault
cover is also made of reinforced concrete and is
25 provided with a non-corrosive metallic lining 9,
which is preferably of zinc.
This lining ycovers all parts of the inner face
of the cover 8 and extends downwardly to such
a point that when the lower edge of the cover
30 is seated in a rich, water~proof, cement grouting
IIJ, placed Within the ‘channel -I, the lower edge
of the Zinc lining will be covered by said grout
ing, so that no water can enter either to the in
terior oi the vault or between the zinc lining and
35 the inner face of the cover 8.
In use, the casket, indicated in` dotted lines at
, II, is placed upon the base 5. Then the channel
‘I is ñlled with the rich water-proof grouting ID,
and the cover 8 is placed in position over the
40 casket, with its lower edge seated in channel l.
When the grouting hardens, cover 8 and base 5
will be converted into a substantially monolithic
structure within which the casket is sealed.
I may provide handles I2‘upon the cover sec
45 tion and I3 upon the base section. I have shown
these as being embedded in the concrete" and en
gaged with the reinforcing mesh for purposes of
strength, but I wish it to be clearly understood
that the invention contemplates any suitable type
50 of handle and any point of location for the same.
In the formation ofthe cover 8, the Zinc‘lining
9 may be caused to serve the double function of
a non-corrosive lining for the cover and a form
element defining accurately the inner face of the
55 cover.
That is to say, instead of having to use
non-corrosive enough in its nature to resist dis-d
integration through rust or otherwise, when
buried in the ground over a long period of time.
After the cover has been applied to the base 5
to seal the casket therein, an additional sealing ..
may be provided at I5 by the application of ad
ditional water-proof grouting or by the ‘applica
tion of any suitable, water-resistant bituminous
product such as tar, asphalt or the like.
Under these conditions it will be impossible for g
any Water to ever find its way to the casket, and
this is rendered doubly certain lby -the fact that
the cover 8, above base 5, has no openings of
any kind therein for the escape of air, and con- `
sequently, even if the joint at groove 'I should 30
leak, the pressure of air in the interior of the
vault would prevent the entry of any water. Fur
ther, it is well known that there is a generation
of certain gases during body decomposition which
would tend to build up a certain pressure in the 35
hermeticaily sealed casket which would further
insure against the entry of any water.
The casket may be seated on suitable transverse
cleats to be held slightly spaced‘from base 5 to
prevent moisture from affecting the casket 40
through base t. To further guard against this
possibility, this base as a whole is made of a water
repellent concrete.
A feature that I deem to be of‘great importance
is the use oi' the imperforate, non-corrosive sheet
metal in a lining co-extensive in area with the
entire inner surface of the cover and the extend
ing of this lining to a point sufliciently low to
insure that it will be embedded in the water
proof cement grouting which unites the cover and y
It is to be understood that the invention is not
limited to the precise construction set forth, but
that it includes within its purview whatever 55
changes fairly come within either the terms or
the spirit of the appended claims.
Having described my invention, what I claim is:
l 1. A burial vault comprising a base of a ma~
in' terial impenetrable by water and having a con
tinuous channel in its upper face adjacent the
edge thereof, an impervious cover, the lower edge
of which is adapted to have a seating in said
channel, a lining for the cover, the lower edge
of which extends into said channel, and a sealing
means filling said channel and uniting cover
and base and extending above the lower edge of
the lining`
2. A structure as recited in claim 1 wherein
said lining is of zinc.
3. A burial vault of the character described
comprising a flat, water-resistant base portion, of
suñìcient area to support a casket thereon and
having a channel extending therearound in its
upper face and adjacent its edges, a cover of
water-resistant concrete having an open bottom
and otherwise continuous and imperforate and
adapted to cover and house a casket seated upon
the base, the lower edges of said cover being
shaped and dimensioned to have a seating in
said channel, a sealing body of Water-resistant,
cementitious material uniting the lower edge of
the cover and the base, and a lining of Zinc co 10
extensive in area with the interior of the cover
and forming a continuous lining therefor at all
points, the lower edges of said lining extending
downwardly into said channel to be embedded in
the cementitious material by which the cover is 15
united to the base.
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