Патент USA US2121363код для вставки
June 2l, 1938.I J. F. MYERS ` BURIAL VAUL'I'- Filed April 6, 1937 2,121,363 Patented June 21, 1938 2,121,363 l ÚNETE@ STATES PATENT ortica 2,121,363 BURIAL vAUL'r y Joseph F. Myers, Carthage, Mo. Application April e, 1937, serial No. 135,310 ` 3 Claims. This invention relates to burial vaults, and it has for its object to provide a simple and inex pensive vault of substantially an imperishable na ture and one in which a casket may be sealed in such manner as to be forever protected from water or moisture, even though buried in theV ground. , The invention may be best understood by ref erence to the accompanying drawing wherein: 10 Figure 1 is a fragmentary plan view of the base of the vault; Fig. 2 is a transverse vertical section, and Fig. 3 is a partial longitudinal sectional View of 15 inner and outer forms, it is possible to make the lining itself serve as the inner form for the cover 8. While I have shown a conventional wire mesh 6 as the reinforcing element for base 5 and a con Ventionalwire mesh reinforcing element I4 for 5 the cover 3, I wish it to be understood that simple rods or other reinforcing elements may be used in this relation. ` Further, while I have described the inner lin~ ing 9 as being made of sheet zinc (for example, 10 24 gauge), I wish it to. be understood that the in- ' a burial vault constructed in accordance with the vention contemplates the use of any suitable sheet metal in this relation. It is only essential that the metal employed be stiff enough to maintain invention. its form during construction of the cover and 15 ' „ Like numerals designate corresponding parts throughout the several ñgures of the drawing. In carrying out the invention, I first form a base 5 of reinforced concrete, the reinforcing be 20 ing indicated at 6. This base is provided with a groove or channel 'I in its upper face, which eX tends all the way around the base and receives the lower edge vof the vault cover 8. This vault cover is also made of reinforced concrete and is 25 provided with a non-corrosive metallic lining 9, which is preferably of zinc. This lining ycovers all parts of the inner face of the cover 8 and extends downwardly to such a point that when the lower edge of the cover 30 is seated in a rich, water~proof, cement grouting IIJ, placed Within the ‘channel -I, the lower edge of the Zinc lining will be covered by said grout ing, so that no water can enter either to the in terior oi the vault or between the zinc lining and 35 the inner face of the cover 8. In use, the casket, indicated in` dotted lines at , II, is placed upon the base 5. Then the channel ‘I is ñlled with the rich water-proof grouting ID, and the cover 8 is placed in position over the 40 casket, with its lower edge seated in channel l. When the grouting hardens, cover 8 and base 5 will be converted into a substantially monolithic structure within which the casket is sealed. I may provide handles I2‘upon the cover sec 45 tion and I3 upon the base section. I have shown these as being embedded in the concrete" and en gaged with the reinforcing mesh for purposes of strength, but I wish it to be clearly understood that the invention contemplates any suitable type 50 of handle and any point of location for the same. In the formation ofthe cover 8, the Zinc‘lining 9 may be caused to serve the double function of a non-corrosive lining for the cover and a form element defining accurately the inner face of the 55 cover. That is to say, instead of having to use non-corrosive enough in its nature to resist dis-d integration through rust or otherwise, when buried in the ground over a long period of time. After the cover has been applied to the base 5 to seal the casket therein, an additional sealing .. may be provided at I5 by the application of ad ditional water-proof grouting or by the ‘applica tion of any suitable, water-resistant bituminous product such as tar, asphalt or the like. Under these conditions it will be impossible for g any Water to ever find its way to the casket, and this is rendered doubly certain lby -the fact that the cover 8, above base 5, has no openings of any kind therein for the escape of air, and con- ` sequently, even if the joint at groove 'I should 30 leak, the pressure of air in the interior of the vault would prevent the entry of any water. Fur ther, it is well known that there is a generation of certain gases during body decomposition which would tend to build up a certain pressure in the 35 hermeticaily sealed casket which would further insure against the entry of any water. The casket may be seated on suitable transverse cleats to be held slightly spaced‘from base 5 to prevent moisture from affecting the casket 40 through base t. To further guard against this possibility, this base as a whole is made of a water repellent concrete. A feature that I deem to be of‘great importance is the use oi' the imperforate, non-corrosive sheet metal in a lining co-extensive in area with the 5 entire inner surface of the cover and the extend ing of this lining to a point sufliciently low to insure that it will be embedded in the water proof cement grouting which unites the cover and y 50 base. It is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the precise construction set forth, but that it includes within its purview whatever 55 2 2,121,363 changes fairly come within either the terms or the spirit of the appended claims. Having described my invention, what I claim is: l 1. A burial vault comprising a base of a ma~ in' terial impenetrable by water and having a con tinuous channel in its upper face adjacent the edge thereof, an impervious cover, the lower edge of which is adapted to have a seating in said channel, a lining for the cover, the lower edge of which extends into said channel, and a sealing means filling said channel and uniting cover and base and extending above the lower edge of the lining` ' 2. A structure as recited in claim 1 wherein said lining is of zinc. 3. A burial vault of the character described comprising a flat, water-resistant base portion, of suñìcient area to support a casket thereon and having a channel extending therearound in its upper face and adjacent its edges, a cover of water-resistant concrete having an open bottom and otherwise continuous and imperforate and adapted to cover and house a casket seated upon the base, the lower edges of said cover being shaped and dimensioned to have a seating in said channel, a sealing body of Water-resistant, cementitious material uniting the lower edge of the cover and the base, and a lining of Zinc co 10 extensive in area with the interior of the cover and forming a continuous lining therefor at all points, the lower edges of said lining extending downwardly into said channel to be embedded in the cementitious material by which the cover is 15 united to the base. ' JOSEPH F. MYERS.