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Патент USA US2121387

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June 21, 1938.
Filed July 24, 1934
Patented June 21, 1938
Fred C. Houser, Chicago, Ill.
Application July 24, 1934, Serial No. 736,659
3 emails. ‘ (o1. 273-80)
My invention relates in general to golf clubs
Fig. 6 is an elevation of the club shaft illus
andmore'in particular to a new shaft for a golf
trating the manner in which the whippiness op
club in an improved head mounting,‘ and as such
is an improvement over the structure disclosed
I; in my pending application, Serial No. 715,055.
Fig. '7 is a fragmentary front elevation of the
r In the ordinary golf club there is usually some
club grip with hand-position markings thereon.
amount of flexibility or “whippiness” in the shaft.
Inthe clubs in use at the present time, however,
the whippiness extends over the entire shaft to
cause it to bow from grip to head when execut
ing a golf stroke. Although the expert golfer
maybe able to execute his stroke properly with
this type‘ of club, the ordinary golfer, constitut
ing by far the largest proportion of the army of
In practicing my invention I provide a golf
club rigid at the grip portion and whippy near
enthusiasts, will be hampered by the .action of
the club. With the whippiness extending over
the length of the shaft and up into the grip on‘
the club, it has been found that as the shaft
bows, pressure is exerted against the hands on
2,0, the grip in a manner tending to loosen the ?n
gers, which may cause the player to uncon
sciously shift his grip and spoil the execution of
his stroke. The whippiness over the entire shaft
erates to bow the shaft adjacent the club- head;
also upsets perfect timing and execution of the
It is an object of my invention to provide an
improved golf club.
One of the features of the golf club of my in
vention is theprovision of a shaft in which the
3. v whippiness is centered near the club head.
'Another feature of the invention is the provi
‘ sion of a lighter club to give all of the advantages
and qualities of the present heavier club.
A further feature is the provision of a shaft
35, which is rigid at the upper or grip portion and
?exible at the lower portion near the head of the
A still further feature of my invention is the
provision of a mounting for the shaft in the ‘club
40. head which makes it possible to use a shaft which
is very thin at the head, and still prevent tor
sion from occurring.
Other objects and features of my invention will
be apparent from the following description taken
' with the drawing, in which:
' Fig. ‘1 is an elevation of the entire. club.
Fig. 2 is an elevation partly in section of the
bushingfor mounting the shaft in the club head.
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view of the
50. shaft mounting.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary view in sec
tion of the lower portion of the shaft mounting
"in the head of the club.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the washer‘for
5,? ‘ thefvmounting bushing.
the head, which club has a tubular shaft with a
substantial taper from the top to the?bottom
thereof mounted with a two point fastening in
a bushing in the club head.
Referring now to the drawing, I provide a golf
club with a tubular steel shaft in having a grip
H at one end and a club head ‘12 secured at the
other end.
Whereas it is ordinarily impossible
to use a shaft either tubular or solid which has
a very small diameter at the lower portion, be
cause of torsion occurring at the club head or
excessive whippiness occurring over the shaft, by 20
the use of a club head mounting of my inven
tion I utilize a tubular shaft which extends from
a top of large diameter to a base of exceptionally
small diameter providing a considerable taper
over the entire length. In the commercial em
bodiment of the invention I have successfully
used, for example, a shaft 421/2 inches long,
which is 1/2 inch in diameter ‘at the top and 1%
inch in diameter at the bottom. The shaft itself
is of the usual tubular stock. As stated, a shaft
of these dimensions at the bottom mounted in a
club head would ordinarily cause torsion or
twisting of the shaft at the club head as the
golf stroke is executed, so as to change the di
rection of movement of- the head and cause the
ball to either be sliced or hooked when hit. This
is overcome by mounting the shaft in a brass
bushing l3 which comprises a tube adapted to
?t within the bore 14 of the hosel I6 of the club
head and tapered at the neck H to ?t snugly 40.
around the outside of the shaft [0. This is illus
trated particularly in Fig. 3. The mounting also
absorbs some of the shock of impact of the club
head against the ball to make play with the club
more enjoyable and cause a desired amount of
relaxation in the grip of the hands on the grip
portion 1 l.
A commercial embodiment of this part l3 of
the club which has worked out very successfully,
comprises a brass tubing 5 inches in length hav
ing an outside diameter of 31% inch over theelon
gated straight portion I8 and tapering to ~13; inch
at the top of the neck portion It. The neck por
tion I‘! is one inch in length, and the elongated
shank I8 is four inches in length. Although the
diameter of the shaft I0 has been given as ?g
inch at the lower end, it is so slight a graduation
eral, however, it is only the expert who can
successfully accomplish this, and the controlled
or taper on the last ?ve inches that the diam
eter of {e inch at the top of the neck portion II
whippiness becomes very important to the aver
age golfer to attain the desired loft. This fea
ture is particularly helpful to the lady golfer
has been found sufficient to make it possible to
force the bushing up to the desired position on
the club shaft. Although the standard club head
and particularly the wooden club head has a
taper in the bore 14, I have found it more satis
10 factory to provide the bushing with a straight
shank I8, thereby necessitating a straight bore
14 in the shaft opening in the head. In the
commercial embodiment the brass tubing used for
the bushing I3 has a wall .016 inch thick. This,
15 however, can be varied slightly, particularly to
change the weight of the club.
In assembling the shaft in the club head, the
bushing I3 is ?rst slipped over the small end
of the shaft ID to a position whereby the lower
with her weaker wrist action. However, in the
golf clubs in use at the present time with the
whippiness extending over the entire club shaft,
it becomes almost impossible to utilize this fea
ture to any advantage, and in fact it actually 10
produces a harmful effect on the golf stroke.
This extensive whippiness upsets the proper tim
ing of the golf stroke and as stated above, exerts
a pressure against the hands on the grip such
as to unconsciously cause the player to loosen 15
his ?ngers and often shift his grip on the club.
However, with the substantial taper provided with
my tubular steel shaft, the large diameter at the
top results in a very rigid portion extending con
20 portion of the shaft is adjacent the opening I9
siderably below the grip H, and all whippiness
of the bushing. The tapered neck I‘! serves to
center the shaft in the bushing at that end and
a jig may be used to center the shaft at the
lower end. A piece of solder may be dropped
25 into the bushing and the neck I‘! heated to melt
is centered in the shaft in a space approximately
between 7 to 15 inches above the lower end of
said shaft. The taper of the shaft governs the
the solder so as to occupy the space between
the shaft and bushing over approximately the
length of the neck 11.
Inasmuch as the outside diameter of the shank
30 I8 is %.—‘2‘- inch and the shaft I0 approximately 1%
inch, there is a substantial air space between the
shaft and the inside wall of the bushing. After
the solder, as illustrated at 2! in Fig. 3, becomes
hardened, the bushing is removed from the jig
35 and a washer 22 slipped over the end of the
shaft to the position shown in Figs. 3 and 4.
Satisfactory results have been obtained with a
washer which has a slight taper along the outer
edge which will drive into the space between
40 the shaft and inside wall of the bushing with a
wedging action so as to maintain the shaft rig
idly centered in the bushing.
position and amount of whippiness, and although
a shaft of the dimensions noted above has proven 25
very satisfactory, it is understood of course that
I may employ slight variations from these ?g
ures to throw the whippiness either up or down
on the shaft.
The use of a tapered shaft of a large diameter 30
at the top has been found advantageous in that
little or no listing or padding is required under
the leather grip I I to bring it to the desired size
for comfortable gripping. This is important in
providing a more .sensitive contact between the 35
shaft itself and the hands of the player, and
is important from a manufacturing standpoint
in reducing the cost of materials and labor.
As a further aid to the proper execution of a
golf stroke, I provide V-shaped hand position
markings 2'! and 28 on the grip II.
They may
After inserting
be marked on the grip in a position so as to ?t
the bushing solder 23 may be melted at the open
ing of the bushing to ?rmly secure the shaft
45 washer and bushing together at that point. The
solder fastening 2| cooperating with the tapered
neck I‘! serves to strengthen the club at this
point as well as rigidly secure the shaft, and the
washer 22 and solder fastening at this point serve
50 to make the club more sturdy. The shaft-bush
ing assembly may then be inserted in the bore
M of the club head and forced down to the posi
on the crotch between the thumb and fore?nger
of ‘each hand as one lies above the other on the
tion shown in Fig. 3.
Glue or cement may ?rst
be brushed onto the outside of the bushing so
55 as to provide a more rigid connection between
the club head and the assembly. An aperture
24 may then be drilled through the end of the
shaft, solder and the bushing, into the club head
as shown in Fig. 4, and a wood screw 26 inserted
60 in the manner illustrated to provide further fas
tening at this portion of the club head. The
amount of solder in the assembly‘may be varied
slightly to change the weight of the club head.
Although excessive ?exibility or whippiness in
65 a golf club shaft is objectionable, a certain
amount may be utilized to good advantage if
properly controlled. A certain amount of whip
piness in the shaft helps to absorb a portion of
the shock as the club head hits the ball. Whip
70 piness if properly positioned, may also be used
to advantage to give an added snap to the club
as it strikes the ball, to increase the loft of the
ball in its ?ight. This same result may also be
attained to some extent by a ?nal snap of the
76.. wrist in the execution of a golf stroke. In gen
It may thus be seen that I provide a neat,
simple golf club utilizing my invention in either
a wood or an iron. With the controlled whip
piness, the club may be swung with a slightly
faster stroke without disrupting the path of the 50
swing, to give increased power. It has been
found that greater distance for the ball is ob
tained with less effeort to bring about greater
relaxation for the entire game.
Although I have described my invention in its
preferred embodiment, and as applied to a wood
en club, it is understood that I am not limited
thereby, that the invention may also be applied
to an iron club, and that the invention is limited
only by the scope of the appended claims.
I claim:
1. A golf club including a one-piece club head
having an elongated neck with a central bore,
a tapered shaft for said club head secured in said
bore, and means for securing said shaft in said 65
head, said means including a tubular metal bush
ing in said bore secured to said club head, and
fusible material at the top of the bushing and
extending annularly between the shaft and bush
ing to fuse the same into a positive connection, 70
a non-fusible washer surrounding said shaft and
within the bushing near the lower portion of the
bushing, and fusible material at the bottom of
the bushing extending annularly between the
shaft and bushing to fuse the same into a posi
tive connection, with an air space provided be
tween the‘ shaft and bushing intermediate the
top securing means and said washer.
2. A golf club including a club head with the
usual elongated neck having a central bore, a
?exible shaft for said club head, means for se~
curing the shaft to the club head, said means in
cluding a metal tubular bushing carried in the
bore of the neck for carrying the shaft, with said
shaft rigidly secured to- the bushing in two spaced
apart points, but maintained out of direct en
gagement with said bushing between said points.
3. A golf club including a club head having an
elongated neck with a central bore, a tubular
bushing rigidly secured in said central bore and
extending substantially the length thereof, carry
ing a tapered shaft therein for said club head,
and fastening means securing said shaft to said
bushing at two spaced-apart points with an air
space between said shaft and bushing inter
mediate said two points.
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