Патент USA US2121514код для вставки
June 21, 1938. A, Q WATERMAN, 2,121,514 INCINERATOR Filed May 23, 1935, W 2. 3 /0 ooooooooooooooo 000000000 0000 O 000 O0 000 0Q O 00 00 >0 0 O O O O0 000 000000 0 0O 0 000000 00000 ooo QQ 00 O0 00 Q 0000 00 00 0O 0 0 o oo O0 000 0000 QQQ 000000 000000000 00000000000000 J" ?u 2 J, Miéwmm I 1 Patented. June 21, v1938 2,121,514 5‘ UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,121,514 ‘ INCINERATOR Arthur 0. Waterman, Shreveport, La. Application May 23, 1936, Serial No. 81,537 2 Claims. (Cl. 110—18) This invention relates to an incinerator de signed primarily for burning trash in small quan tities, it being an object of the invention to ‘utilize the heat from the burning trash for dry ;.5 ing garbage when deposited in a special com partment provided therefor. Another object is to mount the incinerator in a new and novel manner whereby it can be in verted readily for the purpose of delivering ac 10 cumulated ashes, etc. A still further object is to mount the incin erator so as to be supported normally in an up standing position and off of the ground so that air is free to circulate around and under it at 15 all times, thereby to keep it dry and cool so that it will not deteriorate rapidly. A further object is to provide an incinerator which can be set up readily for use and will not 20 readily get out of order. With the foregoing and other objects in view which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention consists of certain novel details of con struction and combinations of parts hereinafter more fully described and pointed out in the 25 claims, it being understood that changes may be made in the construction and arrangement of parts without departing from. the spirit of the invention as claimed. In the accompanying drawing the preferred 30 form of the invention has been shown. In said drawing Figure 1 is a central vertical section through the incinerator, the position thereof while being dumped, being indicated by broken lines. Figure 2 is .a section on line 2-2, Figure 1, the lower portion being in elevation. Figure 3 is a top plan view. Figure 4 is a section on line 4-4, Figure 1. Referring to the ?gures by characters of ref 40 erence l designates the body of the incinerator 35 which can be formed of any desired size or shape and of any suitable material, such as sheet metal. In the present case the body has been shown rectangular and secured to each side of it is an 45 angular bracket 2 the upper portion forming an arm 3 extending beyond the front of the body. The two brackets are joined'at their lower end by a cross bar 4 which extends under and serves to support the bottom of the body. Posts 5 are suitably anchored in the ground and are preferably held in cement, as shown at 6, these posts being located in front of the body I and pivotally connected at their upper ends to the arms 3, as shown at 1. Thus under normal 55 conditions the container or body I has the lower 50 ‘portion of its front wall contacting with the posts 5 as shown so that‘ the container is sup ported by gravity in an upstanding position. Handles 8 are suitably located on the walls of the container or body I whereby the same can be = readily swung about the pivot '! to the down wardly inclined or dumping position as shown by broken lines in Figure 1. However under nor mal conditions the body is supported in upstand ing position as shown by full lines in said ?gure. 10 Extending transversely within the body I near the rear wall thereof but spaced therefrom is a foraminous partition 9 to the upper end of which is hingedly connected a lid Hl adapted to be seated by gravity on the walls of the container. 15 That portion of this lid between the hinge Ii and the back wall of the container or body I is so proportioned that when the front end of the lid is swung upwardly as shown by broken lines in Figure l, the back end thereof will swing downwardly into the space l2 provided between N) 0 partition 9 and the back wall of the body I. When the lid is closed, however, the upper end of this space will be covered thereby. Partition 9 is inclined downwardly toward the front of the body and at its lower end there is a 5 transverse pivot rod or other hinge member I3 on which is mounted a grate I4. This grate is preferably made up of side strips l5 connected by cross bars IS. The grate is normally sup— ported in a substantially horizontal position by 60 0 a supporting rod l'l connecting the sides of the body I. The space below grate l4 constitutes an ash and drying compartment l8. Openings H) are provided in the sides of the body I so that air is supplied to the interior of the body for the purpose of supporting combus tion. In ‘using this incinerator the lid I0 is raised in any suitable manner, as by means of a handle 20 and ordinary trash is deposited in the body and on the grate 14. Wet material and garbage can be dropped into the space l2 while the cover is raised. After the trash has been ignited, the cover is lowered and the combustible material supported by the grate will be consumed while the heat therefrom will act to dry the garbage or other material which had been deposited in the space l2 and compartment I8. Heat is trans mitted to the garbage by radiation and also by conduction through the walls of the incinerator which become intensely hot during the burning of trash. When it is desired toempty the incinerator, 2 2,121,514 one or more of the handles 8 can be used for swinging the incinerator about the pivot 1, this being shown by broken lines in Figure 1. This movement will cause the cover or lid II] to swing open while the grate M will also swing down wardly. Thus the loose contents of the body I What is claimed is: 1. An incinerator including a container, rigid means of supporting the same in an upstanding position, said container being movable relative to its supporting means to deliver its contents by gravity, means in the container for dividing will be released and gravitate into any container the interior thereof into a trash receiving space provided therefor beneath the open lower por tion of the body. Thereafter the body can be 10 swung back to the position shown by full lines in and a garbage receiving space, a hinged grate at Figure 1 at which time the lower portion thereof will swing against the posts 5 so that the body will be supported in an upstanding position. It is to be understood that the body I can 15 be made cylindrical or of any other suitable der in communication with the garbage receiv ing space, said grate being adapted to swing downwardly toward and relative to the dividing the bottom of the trash receiving space and di viding such space from a compartment thereun means when the container is inverted. 2. An incinerator including a body, means for 15 shape and instead of providing~ two posts at supporting the body for swinging movement into the side for supporting the body, one can be used. It is also to be understood that the posts can an inverted position, a cover for the body, means in the body dividing the same into a trash re ceiving space and a garbage receiving space, said cover closing the upper end of both spaces un 20 be located at other points instead of infront of the body. These changes are so obvious that it is not deemed necessary to illustrate or de scribe them in detail. For the purpose of limiting the dumping action of the incinerator, a suitable stop 2| can be ar 25 ranged in the path thereof. It will be under stood, also, that openings for the admission of air can be located at suitable points below the level of the grate, as shown for example at 22. der normal conditions and being movable to open both spaces simultaneously, a grate at the lower end of the trash receiving space and hingedly mounted, and a support for the grate when in normal position, said grate being adapted to 25 move out of normal position when the container is inverted. ARTHUR C. WATERMAN.