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Патент USA US2121514

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June 21, 1938.
A, Q WATERMAN,
2,121,514
INCINERATOR
Filed May 23, 1935,
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Patented. June 21, v1938
2,121,514
5‘ UNITED STATES
PATENT OFFICE
2,121,514
‘
INCINERATOR
Arthur 0. Waterman, Shreveport, La.
Application May 23, 1936, Serial No. 81,537
2 Claims. (Cl. 110—18)
This invention relates to an incinerator de
signed primarily for burning trash in small quan
tities, it being an object of the invention to
‘utilize the heat from the burning trash for dry
;.5 ing garbage when deposited in a special com
partment provided therefor.
Another object is to mount the incinerator in
a new and novel manner whereby it can be in
verted readily for the purpose of delivering ac
10 cumulated ashes, etc.
A still further object is to mount the incin
erator so as to be supported normally in an up
standing position and off of the ground so that
air is free to circulate around and under it at
15 all times, thereby to keep it dry and cool so that
it will not deteriorate rapidly.
A further object is to provide an incinerator
which can be set up readily for use and will not
20
readily get out of order.
With the foregoing and other objects in view
which will appear as the description proceeds, the
invention consists of certain novel details of con
struction and combinations of parts hereinafter
more fully described and pointed out in the
25 claims, it being understood that changes may be
made in the construction and arrangement of
parts without departing from. the spirit of the
invention as claimed.
In the accompanying drawing the preferred
30 form of the invention has been shown.
In said drawing
Figure 1 is a central vertical section through
the incinerator, the position thereof while being
dumped, being indicated by broken lines.
Figure 2 is .a section on line 2-2, Figure 1,
the lower portion being in elevation.
Figure 3 is a top plan view.
Figure 4 is a section on line 4-4, Figure 1.
Referring to the ?gures by characters of ref
40 erence l designates the body of the incinerator
35
which can be formed of any desired size or shape
and of any suitable material, such as sheet metal.
In the present case the body has been shown
rectangular and secured to each side of it is an
45 angular bracket 2 the upper portion forming an
arm 3 extending beyond the front of the body.
The two brackets are joined'at their lower end
by a cross bar 4 which extends under and serves
to support the bottom of the body.
Posts 5 are suitably anchored in the ground
and are preferably held in cement, as shown at
6, these posts being located in front of the body
I and pivotally connected at their upper ends to
the arms 3, as shown at 1. Thus under normal
55 conditions the container or body I has the lower
50
‘portion of its front wall contacting with the
posts 5 as shown so that‘ the container is sup
ported by gravity in an upstanding position.
Handles 8 are suitably located on the walls of the
container or body I whereby the same can be =
readily swung about the pivot '! to the down
wardly inclined or dumping position as shown by
broken lines in Figure 1. However under nor
mal conditions the body is supported in upstand
ing position as shown by full lines in said ?gure. 10
Extending transversely within the body I near
the rear wall thereof but spaced therefrom is a
foraminous partition 9 to the upper end of which
is hingedly connected a lid Hl adapted to be
seated by gravity on the walls of the container. 15
That portion of this lid between the hinge Ii
and the back wall of the container or body I is
so proportioned that when the front end of the
lid is swung upwardly as shown by broken lines
in Figure l, the back end thereof will swing
downwardly into the space l2 provided between N) 0
partition 9 and the back wall of the body I.
When the lid is closed, however, the upper end
of this space will be covered thereby.
Partition 9 is inclined downwardly toward the
front of the body and at its lower end there is a
5
transverse pivot rod or other hinge member I3
on which is mounted a grate I4. This grate is
preferably made up of side strips l5 connected
by cross bars IS. The grate is normally sup—
ported in a substantially horizontal position by 60 0
a supporting rod l'l connecting the sides of the
body I.
The space below grate l4 constitutes an ash
and drying compartment l8.
Openings H) are provided in the sides of the
body I so that air is supplied to the interior of
the body for the purpose of supporting combus
tion.
In ‘using this incinerator the lid I0 is raised in
any suitable manner, as by means of a handle
20 and ordinary trash is deposited in the body
and on the grate 14. Wet material and garbage
can be dropped into the space l2 while the cover
is raised. After the trash has been ignited, the
cover is lowered and the combustible material
supported by the grate will be consumed while
the heat therefrom will act to dry the garbage
or other material which had been deposited in
the space l2 and compartment I8. Heat is trans
mitted to the garbage by radiation and also by
conduction through the walls of the incinerator
which become intensely hot during the burning
of trash.
When it is desired toempty the incinerator,
2
2,121,514
one or more of the handles 8 can be used for
swinging the incinerator about the pivot 1, this
being shown by broken lines in Figure 1. This
movement will cause the cover or lid II] to swing
open while the grate M will also swing down
wardly. Thus the loose contents of the body I
What is claimed is:
1. An incinerator including a container, rigid
means of supporting the same in an upstanding
position, said container being movable relative
to its supporting means to deliver its contents
by gravity, means in the container for dividing
will be released and gravitate into any container
the interior thereof into a trash receiving space
provided therefor beneath the open lower por
tion of the body. Thereafter the body can be
10 swung back to the position shown by full lines in
and a garbage receiving space, a hinged grate at
Figure 1 at which time the lower portion thereof
will swing against the posts 5 so that the body
will be supported in an upstanding position.
It is to be understood that the body I can
15 be made cylindrical or of any other suitable
der in communication with the garbage receiv
ing space, said grate being adapted to swing
downwardly toward and relative to the dividing
the bottom of the trash receiving space and di
viding such space from a compartment thereun
means when the container is inverted.
2. An incinerator including a body, means for 15
shape and instead of providing~ two posts at
supporting the body for swinging movement into
the side for supporting the body, one can be used.
It is also to be understood that the posts can
an inverted position, a cover for the body, means
in the body dividing the same into a trash re
ceiving space and a garbage receiving space, said
cover closing the upper end of both spaces un 20
be located at other points instead of infront
of the body. These changes are so obvious that
it is not deemed necessary to illustrate or de
scribe them in detail.
For the purpose of limiting the dumping action
of the incinerator, a suitable stop 2| can be ar
25 ranged in the path thereof.
It will be under
stood, also, that openings for the admission of
air can be located at suitable points below the
level of the grate, as shown for example at 22.
der normal conditions and being movable to open
both spaces simultaneously, a grate at the lower
end of the trash receiving space and hingedly
mounted, and a support for the grate when in
normal position, said grate being adapted to 25
move out of normal position when the container
is inverted.
ARTHUR C. WATERMAN.
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