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Патент USA US2121523

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-June 2l, 1938.-
P. E. GELDHOF
2,121,523
CLOTHES WASHING MACHINE
Filed NOV. 21, 1932
im.
..77 ,.v.
3 Sheets-Sheet l
Jane 21, 193s. ~ "
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l2,121,523
CLOTHES WASHING MACH INE
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I June 21, 1938.
P. E. GELDHOF
2,121,523 ‘
CLOTHES WASHING MACHINE
Filed NOV. 2l, 1932
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
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Patented June 21, 1938
¿UNITE-o STATES
PATENT OFFICE y
2,121,523
CLOTHES WASHING MACHINE
Peter Eduard Geldhof, Syracuse, N. Y., assignor
to Easy Washing Machine Corporation, Syra
cuse,
Y., a corporationA of Delaware .
Application November 21, 1932, Serial No. 643,635
i Claim.
(ci. ca_-131)
My invention relates to clothes washing ma
chines,- and more particularly to -a novel method
. and means for washingl clothes.
In washing machines of the prior art of the
reciprocable agitator type, thorough cleansing of
Figure 5 is a view taken on line 5--5 of Figure 3 `
in the direction indicated by the arrow.
Figure 6 is a view of an alternate construction
in which the agitator is rotated, as well as recip
rocated.
the fabrics being Washed was impossible, or if
possible, could not be accomplished in as short
a time as desired because the clothes were not
tumbled about sumciently and because the clothes
were subjected to no substantial scrubbing action.
During the clothes washing operation also, the
clothes had a tendency to remain substantially
dormant, especiallyif the vat were well filled with
clothes, so- that new clothes surfaces were not being
constantly presented to the scrubbing action of the
agitator. ‘Consequentlm the clothes were neither
scrubbed sufflciently nor uniformly. Almost total
reliance for thorough cleansing of the clothes was
placed on the agitation of the cleansing ñuid
20 which has been found to be'inadequate.4 -
-.An object oi my invention is to provide a novel
_
_
.
5
Figure '7 is a view taken on line 'l-l of Figure 6.
Figure 8 is _a view taken on line 8-8 of Figure _6.
Figures‘9 and 10 are plan and sectional views
of an alternate form of my novel agitator.
Y Figures 11 and l2 show another alternate con- vi0
struction for an agitator.
'
i
Figures 13 and la disclose still another alter
nate form in which the agitator may be made.
In my invention, I provide a novel method and
means for washing clothes whereby` the clothes l5
are cleansed by the passage of cleansing iiuid
through them, the cleansing ñuid being caused
to flow in powerful well-defined currents, first
in one direction, and then in the opposite direc- `
tion whereby the cleansing fluid iscaused to pass ,g o
completely through and around the clothes'. Fur
method 'and means for washing clothes by which ~ ther, the clothes are eiïectively agitated and tum
the aforementionedvdimculti'es are overcome and bled about so as to expose new clothes surfaces
generally more thorough cleansing of the clothes
25
is secured.
'
-
'
notronly by the turbulent action of the cleansing
iluid but also by the movementof the‘clothes- 25
` Another object> of my invention is to providei washing means itself. Still further, while the
meanaláwhereby clothes are tumbled about and' water and clothes are being thus agitated, the
the entire contents ot the clothes. washing vat are clothes are moved upwardly'and downwardly in
the vat and subjected to an effective scrubbing
subjected to an effective scrubbing action.
action.
„
.
_»
urther
object
of
my
invention
is
the
pro
30
Referring more particularly to Figureß of thc
vis lbf a `novel method and means for washing
clotä s whereby the cleansing fluid is caused to drawings, in a vat il which may> be of any de
passithrough and around the clothes, while at the sired shape and which, as shown in the draw
same» time, the clothes are subjected to an ei- V
35
ffective scrubbing- action.
v
i
My `invention further contemplates the pro
Vision' of- means whereby the clothes are sub
jected to‘ an effective scrubbing action and al
40
ings, comprises a substantially horizontal bottom
l2 and vertical side walls It, an agitator or im-j`35 y
peller i4 is mounted which lis adapted to be re
ciprocated within-the >vat il.
'
The agitator, as shown in Figures 1 and 2,
though substantially suspended-in .the cleansing
while it may consist oi.' a' single lsubstantially cir-`
fluid, lare'nmoved upwardlyv and downwardly and
substantially circular, irregularly shaped impeller
tumbled about in the vat, while the cleansing
huid in thevat is passed through and around
them.
'
>
e
\ Other objects and advantages of 'my invention
46 will be more apparent from a perusal of the
30
cular membenis shown as comprising a pair of 40
members i6 and ii. Each of the impeller mern-l
bers is designed'to eiïect a maximum degree oi
scrubbing action on the clothes, and accordingly,
the outer circumference. IB of each of the im- 4,-,
speciiicatiom‘taken in connection with the draw- e -peller members is made irregular or scalloped,
and on the upper and lower surfaces oi each of
Figure 1 is a plan view o_?-my novel agitator. d the~ impellers, there is formed ,a series of circular
ings, in which:
Figure 2 is a vertical view of the agitator shownA
`in Figure `1.
55
‘
projections or steplike formations i9 designed tov
cause a rubbing action on the clothes as vthe agi- 50
Figure 3 is a partial vertical sectional view tator is reciprocated. Preferably the- lower im
'showing my novel agitator mounted in a washing> peller I'i is made slightly larger in diameter than
the upper impeller I6 so that the lower impeller‘
machine.
y
<
Figure 4 is a view taken on line 8_4, Figure 3, will project beyond the upper impelier and con- \
tact with the clothes and also so that there will 55
in the direction indicated by the arrow.
,2.
' 9,121,523
be a greater tendency for the clothes to be carried .
upwardly and downwardly in the vatwhen the
agitator is reciprocated.
'
'f
inwardly -towards the center thereof. lSimilarly,
when the dolly is moved downwardly, the cleans
ing fluid will move upwardly along the sides of '
The impellers are mounted on a hub 2_I which .the vat and inwardly towards the center thereof.
is preferably'formed integr'al with the impellers The rapid reciprocation of the agitator will cause
and provided with a central bore 22 i’or receiv
violent agitation of the cleansing fluid causing it
ing a plunger rod 23. Theupper portion of the to i‘iow in opposed currents to aid in effecting
hub 2i is provided with an aperture 2_4 for re
thorough washing of the clothes by passage of
ceiving a pin 26 and the upper portion oi' the the washing nuid through and around the clothes.
10 plunger rod v23 is provided with a pluralityof 'I‘he projections on the impeller surfaces will tend
apertures 21 adapted to receive the pin 28 by to carry the clothes upwardly and downwardly
which the agitator is secured to the plunger rod. with the agitator and cause them to be tumbled
A second -pin 23 contacting with a ilat spot 29 about in the vat, and at the same time. effect a
on the pin 26 serves to retain the pin 26 in po
substantial scrubbing action on the clothes. Pref
sition and prevent its complete removal.
erably, the agitator I4 reciprocates entirely be 15
concentric with the plunger rod _23 and adapted
neath the normal level. of the washing fluid al- -
to be received within an enlarged portion 25 of .though during normal operation, the hub may
the central bore 22 is a tubular-sleeve 3|. The projept'slightly above the surface when the agi-_
tubular sleeve 3l' acts as a guide for the plunger tator reaches the maximuni height of itsmove
20 rod 23 through a support 32. Packing 33 is pro
ment.
~
20
vided around the shaft 4and retained in-_com
In Figure 6, I have illustrated an alternate
pressed condition to prevent leakage along the form of the construction shown in Figure 3 in
shaft by means of a spring 34. A nut 36 is thread
which the agitator I4 is rotated as 'well as recip
ed internally of the sleeve 3| and retains the rocated. ‘I'his may be accomplished by securing
packing in position.
.
to the plunger rod 23 a pin 13 which moves with
The tubular sleeve 3| _is 'ñang'ed at 31 and to . the shaft and operates in a slot 14 provided in 25
gether with the plunger rod 23, projects through a plate r16. The slot may be inclined at any angle
an aperture formed in the bottom I2 of the vat. -to the vertical, dependent upon the degree of
A housing 33 for the operating mechanism of
30 the washing machine is positioned. beneath the
vat, and packing 33 is'inserted between the co
operating suri'aces of the flange` 31, the bottom
_I2 and the housing- 33, the entire assembly being
retained in position by a flanged `nut 4I.
The operating mechanism for the plunger rod
35
. 23 comprises a motor-driven shaft 42 which is
operatively connected to a crank arm 43. The
rotation desired. ' The plate 16 is secured by nut
and bolt assemblies 18 to a bracket 19 depending ' 30
from `the housing 3l. When the plunger rod is
reciprocated, the movement of the pin 13 in the
slot 14 will cause the plunger rod together with
the agitator I4 to rotate in one direction upon
the upward movement and in the opposite direc 35
tion upon the downward movement of the plunger
rod. This construction will perhaps' cause a
greater turbulence of the cleansing fluid, a more
crank aim 43 is pivotally-secured to a pitman
' 44 at 4l and the pitman, in turn, is- pivotally con ` violent agitation of the clothes and a more thor
40 nected to an operating lever_41 at 43. 'l‘i'ie-oper-l
» »ating lever 41 is rotatably secured to a link II ~
at 52 whichrin turn, is pivoted at 53 `to a bracket
I4 riveted or otherwise secured to the housing
Il. A' link 53 pivoted to a gear case 61 'and the
45. operating lever 41 at I3, serves to cause thein
ough scrubbing action. Any degree of rotation
may be obtained by changing the angle of the A0
slot 14.
^
When the agitator’is both reciprocated and.
rotated, the action on the cleansing fluid and
clothes therein will be somewhat similar to that
‘ ner end of the operating lever 41 to reciprocate described in connection with Figure 3, with the
in substantially a vertical line. It will be apparent exception that when the.agitator is moved up
that rotation of the motor-driven shaft 42 will` wardly and rotated in one direction, the cleans
cause oscillation of the operating lever 41. A ing fluid will have a tendency to _iiow downwardly
60 spring I3 secured to the housing" and tothe along the sides of the vat and inwardly towards
operating lever 41, normally urges the operating
lever 41 upwardly whereby the load on the motor
is deczeased during the upward movement of the
lever
1.
A
-
,
.
the center thereof and around the vat in one-cir
culatory direction and when the agitator moves
downwardly and rotates in -the opposite direc
'tion, the cleansing fluid will have a tendency to
flow upwardly along the sides of the vat and in
ing lever 41 is bifurcated to provide arms 3|, the wardly towards the center thereof, and in the 55
ends of which are apertured to receive freely ro
opposite circulatory direction around the vat.
tatable therein pins l2. The pins 32 project in
In Figures _9 to 14, I have illustrated other '
wardly to engage a trunnion 33 having a cen
forms oi' agitators which may be used. The man
trai bore _34 'to accommodate the plunger rod 23 ner oi’ securing the agitators to the plunger rod
and having a central bore Il to accommodate the 23 may be exactly the same as described in con
pins I2. 'Ihe trunnion 33 is freely rotatable on nection with Figure 3, the'only _diiïerence being
the plunger rod 23 and is restrained against up,
in the form of the agitator.
t
ward. movement on the -plunger rod by means of
The agitator of Figures 9 and -10 is formed with
a collar-l1 and' a pin Il, and against downward substantially smooth surfaces BI, the- lower im
movement on the plunger rod by a washer 3l and peller I1 of which is slightly greater in diameter
a nut 1I threaded to the plunger rod.
than the. upper for the purpose previously de
It will be apparent that when the operating 'œribed The 'agitator shown in Figures 1l and
v lever 41 is oscillated, the plunger rod will recip
12, formed integral with the hub _2I, comprises '
70 rocate within'the sleeve 3| and carry the agita-_ a single disk-shaped member 82, the plane of
tor I4 upwardly and downwardly in the vat II`. which lies at an angle to the hub. Figures 13 70
When clothes and washing iluid are placed in the and'14 show a single impeller agitator with4
vat as the agitator is moved upwardly, a partial smooth surfaces 83 similar to that shown in Fig
vacuum will be created lat the bottom of the vat a ures 9 and l0. The agitator in this case is made
and the cleansing iluid will have a tendency to non-round and'has projecting~ portions 84 and
move downwardly along the sides of the vat and indented
portions l5 for the purpose of, as dis 75
As more clearly shown in Figure 5, the operat
3
2,121,522
What I claim is:
cussed in connection with Figures 1 and 2, _secur
tive scrubbing action. The agitators shown in
Figures 9 to 14 may be reciprocated, as shown in
Figure 3, or may be both reciprocated and ro
tated, as shown in Figure 6.
'
It will be apparent that various changes and
modifications of my invention may be made,
without departing from the scope thereof, and
10 I do not desire to restrict myself to the exact
size, shape or relation of parts, asyarious changes
may be made within the scope of the appended
claim.V
,
'
_
„
A machine for washing clothes, a vat for con
ing a better grip on the clothes and a more effec
taining the washing ñuid and clothes to be
washed, an agitator mounted `in said vat, a
plunger rod to which said agitator is secured ex
tending upwardly through the bottom of the vat,
said agitator comprising a substantially circular
body member, the long axis of Vwhich extends at .
an angle to the bottom of the vat, and means for -
reciprocating said agitator upwardly and down- 10
wardly in the vat.
PETER EDUARD GELDHOF.
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