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Патент USA US2121800

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June 28,, 1938.
'
-
M. R. HULTMAN A‘
,
2,121,800
RECONDITIONING OLD BOOKS AND LEDG'ERS
Filed March 14,- 1936
Wayward/7 ?ax/2777a”
ATTORNEY
Patented June 28, 1938
_U'NITE"D STATESPATENT' OFFICE
'RECONDITIONING OLDBOOKS AND
,
’
LEDGEBS‘
Maynard It. Hultman, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Application March 14,
_1936,‘Serial No. 68,953
(01. 281-21)
1 _ Claim.
This invention relates to the reconditioning of
being attained at reduced cost and at minimum
expenditure of time to recondition an old" book.
' old books and ledgers, particularly public records
' such as deed books and the like which are con
To attain these ends the invention contemplates , ‘
sulted constantly, and as a result of frequent
f folding break near the back. These heavy books
the use of alternate long and short pages, one of
which is skived, and binding strips of different
Widths corresponding to the length of their asso
must be rebound when such signs of wear‘ appear
so that they may again be handled'through a
long period of time.
7
,ciat‘ed pages.
I
‘
'
‘
With the above and other objects in view the
It is customary to trim the old pages and attach
new binding strips to the trimmed edges for re
newing the folded edges of these books. Such
binding strips when bound together by sewing or
binder posts or rings add new'material in the
it
1.
ingwill be produced, both of these advantages
invention consists of certain'novel details of con 10
struction and combinations of parts hereinafter
fully described and claimed, it being understood
that various modi?cations may be resorted to
7
binding edge of the book thereby strengthening ’ Within the scope of the appended claim without ;
departing-from the spirit or sacrificing any of the 15
the
volume
so
that
each
page
will
fold
or
bend
in
i
advantages of the invention.
the new strip and thus relieve the frail old pages
of strain.
this speci?cation,
v In a heavy public record such as ‘a deed book
the pages are not only subjected to folding strain
20 in the binding but also to an additional shearing
stress produced by a tendency'of the page to be
forcibly swiveled as the reader grasps the page
at the corner to open it or to turn it. _As a result
of this torsional strain paper binding strips de
teriorate in a much shorter time than'should be
expected- Cloth binding strips due to their limp
ness will withstand about ?ve times‘ the abuse
paper binding strips will Withstand, but cloth is
expensive and in practice has been found to take
3 l) longer to apply than paper.
Therefore, it is an object of this invention to
increase the life and reduce the expense and time
required to recondition old volumes, and to this
end the invention employs paper binding strips
for the last pages of the book and cloth binding
- strips for the ?rst thirty to ?fty pages for these
pages are opened wider and receive more abuse
than the rest ofthe pages.
.
It is highly desirable that the reconditioned v0 -
ume have no greater thickness than the original
1 ill.)
volume. If all of the binding stripsare ofthesame
a
'
I
'
' In the accompanying drawing forming part of ‘
.
'
>
Figure 1 is a plan view of a book page equipped with a fabric bindingstrip in accordance with "
the invention and showing the binding strip prior ‘
to folding.
>
-
..
Figure 2 is an edge view of the page and bind
ing strip shown in Figure 1, drawn to enlarged
'
scale.
-
>
‘
g
'
>
Figure 3 is a plan view of a book page shorter
than the page shown in Figure 1 and having a
skived rear edge to which is secured a fabric bind- >
ving strip of greater width than the binding strip
shown'in Figure 1.
vFigure 4 is an edge View of the page and bind
ing strip shown in Figure 3, drawn to enlarged
scale.
'
Figure 5 is an enlarged detail cross sectional
View showing alternate long and short pages,
such as illustrated in the previous ?gures, assem
bled with their binding strips folded, and showing
several pages having fabric binding strips and
the remainder having paper binding‘ strips in
40,
accordance with the invention.
‘Referring’ now to the drawing in which like
Width increased thickness results at the junctures characters of reference designate similar parts in
between the book pages and the cloth or paper the various views, I!) indicates a page of a book
binding strips. Where all of the pages are skived to be reconditioned. The back or rear edge of the
is trimmed o? evenly and a fabric binding
the reconditioned volume will have requisite thin ‘ page
ness but skiving is time consuming. Sometimes strip ll is lapped at one longitudinal edge on
the page and pasted securely thereto at the lap.
a long page alternating witha short page, With
The binding strip is adapted to be folded 1ongi-.
out any skiving, is used, but here again the thick
45
- ness of the volume is'increased to an undesirable
'50
extent.
'
A further object of my invention is therefore
to'provide a method of reconditioning old ledgers,
books and volumes, whereby the thickness of the
book is not increased by the addition of the bind
ing strips, and a stronger and longer lived bind-
tudinally upon itself as indicated by the scored
line l2. The fabric may be muslin, linen, ging— 50
ham, percale, or other limp ?brous material which
has the capacity to not only resist folding inde?e
nitely, but also to stand up inde?nitely under‘
torsional strains such as the pages of a book are
subjected to.
‘
2
2,121,800
In Figure 3 there is shown a page 13 of the to its limpness will withstand about .?ve times
book to be reconditioned, this page preferably the abuse that the paper binding strips will with
being the next page in numerical order to the _ stand and hence fabric binding strips are em
page shown in Figure 1. The page i3 is ployed for the initial pages of the book for these
trimmed at the back edge to be shorter in length pages are opened wider and receive more abuse
than the page H! and is skived at the back edge than the rest of the pages. '
as shown at M in Figure 4. A fabric binding
By virtue of the junctures of alternate long
strip [5 preferably of the same material as the and short pages with their associated binding
binding strip I l but not necessarily so, is pasted at strips, being disposed out of alignment with each
10 one longitudinal edge to the skived edge of the
page 13.
The fabric binding strip l 5 is of greater
other and one of the pages being skived, the
thickness of the reconditioned book at the junc
width than the fabric binding strip II and is tures of the binding strips with the pages will not
folded upon itself along the scored line [5. The be increased, assuming of course that the thick
scored lines l2 and I6 coincide when, the pages ness of the binding strip, whether fabric or paper,
15 are stacked preparatory to binding by sewing ‘or
is about one half the thickness of the book page. 15
otherwise, as best shown in Figure 5, By virtue
By skiving only one half the pages the time
of the page I3 being shorter than the page it, ' consumed in reconditioning a book is materially
the back edge of the page will not underlie the shortened. By using a number of fabric binding
back edge of the page H! but will be spaced con
strips for the pages subjected to the most abuse
siderably forwardly of the latter.
'
a
the long life of the book will be greatly promoted 20
The fabric strip of the page If! may be folded over books'bound with paper binding strips only.
back until its free longitudinal edge I? approxi
Finally an old book reconstructed as above de
mately abuts the rear edge of the page iii. The scribed may be handled freely without appreci
fabric strip I5 of the page I3 is folded back upon able deterioration for longer periods of time and
25 itself .so that its longitudinal edge l8 approxi
under more severe conditions of service than 25
mately abuts the rear edge of the next under
hitherto possible.
lying long page I0, as best shown in Figure 5.
From the above description it is thought that
It will be pointed out, that in practice about a the construction and operation of the invention
quarter of an inch space exists between the skived will be fully understood Without further expla
edge of a short page l3 and the rear edge of a
long page l0 and this space accommodates an
accumulation of the fabric strip as shown also
nation.
_
"
30
'
What is claimed'is;
thirty ?ve to ?fty pages of the book are pro
vided with fabric binding strips constructed as
A reconditioned book having alternate long and
short pages, the rear edges of the long pages being
trimmed, the rear edges of the short pages being
skived, binding strips of one-half the thickness 85
of the pages secured to the trimmed rear edges of
above described. . The following pages to the end
the pages by overlapping, and binding strips of
of the book are provided with paper binding strips
constructed identically and applied identically as
40 above described. No numerals have been given
one-half the thickness of the pages secured to
the skived rear edges of the pages, the overlapped
and skived seams being arranged in staggered re
in Figure 5.
a
In further carrying out the invention the ?rst
to the paper binding strips in Figure 5, the differ
ence in cross hatching the fabric and paper being
relied upon to differentiate one structure from
the other.
45
The purpose of equipping the ?rst pages of the
book with fabric binding strips is to increase the
life of the reconditioned book since fabric due
lation, all of the binding strips being folded back
upon themselves, the bights of the folds being in
alignment, all of the binding strips having their
free edges disposed in close proximity to the
trimmed rear edges of the pages.
MAYNARD‘ R. HULTMAN.
45
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