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Патент USA US2121904

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Jime 28, 1938.
2,121,904
' R. A. CURRIE
TORCH" OR LAMP
Filed Jan.’ 9, 1936
25 14,72 X5
- 24
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,4 TTOFNE K9
Patented, June’ 28,: 71938
A 2,121,904
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Ruben A. Game, Syracuse, .N, Y., assignor to it.
o '
if .E. 'JDietzJCompany, ‘New York, ‘N.
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V‘ ApplicationJanuary 9, £936, ‘1Serial'IN0.i58,13‘53
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Claims.
(Cl..6‘1-‘55)~
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rounding the ‘upper portion-of the wick ‘tube or
burner ‘effectively ‘protects the ?ame ‘from being
extinguished-by strong winds, “and a shield or
' used .out of doorsas signals "and for other vpur
posesfin ‘which the ?ame .is exposed’ or ‘?ares out guard above the .burner and windshield protects
the wick ‘and burner "from rain; and which has
7 5 from :the burner uncon?ned .by the {glass chim
~ ‘This invention relatesito' ‘improvements in
torche’sy?ares or lamps of (that sort,‘ ordinarily
. ney'or enclosure commonly ;used in lanterns :and
the oth-errfeatur'es o'iadvan'tage and improvement
lamps. ,Among'ithe 'uses of such' torches ‘or ?ares,
itma-y-be mentionedthatthey are used as warn
ing or danger signals ‘on construction ‘jobs, and
‘ '10 are. carried by‘ trucksfor: wehicles rforiuse'iin
emergencies as danger signals on? highways.
hereinafter described ah‘dset forth in the claims.
iln‘it‘he accompanying drawing:
'
providing openings through which "the ‘?ames
issue or'r?are out, "but
:afford‘more or less
protection against "theigelvem‘ents, so that ' the,
'30 torches ‘will not be extinguished ‘in ‘use under
weather conditions commonlyencountered-
_
"It ‘has been found in ‘the (use of such torches
that :soot or vcarbon is :formed and accumulates to
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a {torch of a‘ construction embodying my inven-‘
cap in place over the burner.
*7 ' ‘ ; ordinarily ‘formed or'ifurnished'with'metal ‘guards
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tion; showing the ‘removable protecting cover ‘or’
~V;Si»nce it iskim'port'ant 'to ‘protect ‘thei?ames or
' lessen‘, the danger‘ :of‘thv?ames :bein‘g extin
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gal is a-s'i'deelevation; partly in sectiomuo'f
burnersof such torch-eszin :a way to??prevent or
I i5 guished by winds and rain’, the torch burners are
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i'g.'2:is aside“elevation/enlarged;of the burner
detached;
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‘ Fig.3 is a sectional ‘elevation, enlarged, of the 15.
upper portion 'ofathe‘tor'ch. '
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i Fig. ‘4 is a detail elevation :of the wick "tube; 1 ‘
’ ' Fig. 151is a'sectional' plan ’view?of the burner on
line"5—‘5;iFig.z2.
"
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a
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. Fig. '61i's an enlarged rdetail section showing the"
leak-"tight joint between the removable protect- 120V
inig'f'cover and 'thei'body ‘o‘f‘the torch.
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‘The bodyv or‘oil fount Qf'the torch may be ‘of,
- an objectionable rexte'nt‘ in'lo'r about ‘the burner ' any usual or suitable form and construction. A‘s'
‘ H725 vorz?ame :guard, and finli‘sorne "previous construe; shown, it consists ‘of 1a \metal fuel receptacle pro; v
' tionsji mascot" assumes “what jmight
called Vldedat its top ‘with an upwardly projecting; re
“mushroom proportions” and ‘?lls origclogsithe
?ame‘e'xit" openings or lairadmission-openings of
Y the burner ‘guards or covers "so-‘as to iseriouslyafé
‘30 feet-their ‘operation and "reduce ftheirj'llighting
eih'ciency.
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1 One "purpose-of my ‘invention is to improve
duced portion orne'ékFl'l ;formed with "acentral I
opening fl 2 iidr‘ithe reception? of "the ‘wick tube‘ ‘I 31
of the burner thr‘ough‘whichlthe wick .l3aipasse's'.v
"Preferably; the wick ‘tube 13 is. substantially‘
cylindrical and "extendsrthroug'h and is'iremov5
ably ‘secured in the central opening 1-2 of the neck
torches of the typeimentioned so aslto increase ' by a collar which has‘ a vcylindrical flange [4' that
surrounds and is brazed ‘or otherwise ?xed on the
their efficiency and reliability of operation, par
wic‘k'tube, and‘ a llate‘rallyjprojecting circular
' i735‘ ticularly‘whengused'under"severeweather condi
?a‘nge 1|"5 provided at'its outer edge with lugs l6
tions'.
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adapted to’ releas'ably ‘engage'?xed complemen-' '
tary flocking lugs 11 on the neck of the ‘fount for
' sure more perfect combustion andian increased removably vretaining "the wick tube in ‘place.’ '
40‘ candle power 'of thelight whilejnevertheless,‘the 'Either'the lugs 16hr l1,'=0r_1b‘oth,:may be inclined
burner and ?amerare effectually iprntectedrfrom or cammed rso as'to wedge vthe wick tube‘inwardly' v
, _the elements and prevented 'from being eexltinli or downwardly Joy-a‘ partial rotation thereof. A's _
' Other objects *of the invention are to ‘provide
a. torch of improved construction ‘which/will lin
‘ guished by wind, rain orsnbw, even underisevere ‘shown, ‘the locking lugs ii are “provided on ‘a,
storm‘ conditions; in which ‘the burner’ laterally screw Zthreaded‘ ring 5118 which is screwed or‘ other, 7
' " .45‘ con?nes or supports the ester or "name {and 10:] he wise stationarily secured on the'neck'l hand has
_ wick so as-to retain itsishape'and prevent it mm‘ the locking lugs projecting ‘inwardlyiromits i‘n- "
v'ispreading‘.out in the ?ame guard “or protector
" and‘ therebyfprevent' or greatly fl'educ'e {the obje'cé
tionable formation or’ accumulation‘ of soot or
50V carbon; ‘in which ‘the wick‘ tube ilaterallycdn?nes
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ner periphery’ over a sealing gasket or washer l9
seated in a central depression; in the outer end-or,
' the neck;- ‘When the lugs 'Hiof the collarare'
" forced under the locking lug-s [I by ‘a partial ro-j
or supports the upper end of the wick and provides » tation'oi the'w-ick tube, the lateral ?ange of the
lateral openings through which the ?ame issues collar will-be wedgedé'o'r romeo-down against the:
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or ?ares in'a manner to better the feed of the oil sealing washer andiorm an oilétig'ht joint; 7,
The upperor outer po‘rti'on‘of the wick" tube is‘ ‘I
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and’ cause it to burn more freely and produce
formed- with openings 520" in its side’ walls through 551
- .55." a brighter ?ame; 'in which-a shield‘ior- guard sur
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2,121,904
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which the ?ame issues or burns,_these openings, ‘ about at or somewhat above the bottoms of the
as shown, being formed by slotting the upper por
tion of the wick tube to form spaced upright wall
portions or posts 2|, the spaces between which
form the ?ame-exit openings. As shown, these .
side openings 20 ofv the wick tube. Thus, the
posts 2| taper upwardly and ?are or diverge some
what outwardly and upwardly from their lower
tions of the wick tube between the side openings
thereof through which the ?ame issues. This
upper end of the wick will be con?ned or pre
vented from unduly spreading laterally or pro
truding from the wick tube by the posts or por
portions, and the posts 2| form supports for a
holds the wick to shape and reduces to a great ex
rain shield 22 which is located over the slotted tent formation and accumulation of soot or car
10 upper end portion of the wick tube. Preferably, ,bon on or about the burner, which naturally has
this shield is circular and of shallow arched or
a bad effect on the ?ame, cutting off the air sup
dome shape and is provided with circumferen
tial slits, and the portions 23 of the shield, be
tween its center and said slits, are punched out
ply and clogging the openings through which
15 or offset upwardly so as to form openings 24 in
the ?ame is supposed to escape.
The wick con
?ned in‘ the wick tube with the side openings gives
a better oil feed, and the oil burns more freely
the shield beneath the outer‘edges of said offset
with a brighter ?ame generating more gas from
portions. These openings Mare of substantial
the exposed side portions of the wick.
For properly supporting the wick in the wick
tube. and permitting the ready adjustment there
vertical height but very narrow radially, so that’
while they provide passages through the shield
through which the ?ame can burn, and smoke or
gases can escape, the oifset portions 23 form roofs
-of so as to locate the upper end of the 'wick at a
or guards for the openings to prevent appreciable
entrance of rain therethrough. The rain shield
is of sufficient diameter to project out laterally
beyond the sides of the wick tube far enough to
provided at its lower end with an inturned or in
bent spiral or helical lip 30. This lip, which ex-'
effectually prevent driving rain from entering the
side openings of the Wick tube and wetting the
wick or extinguishing the ?ame. As shown, the
upper ends of the posts 2| are bent laterally out
30 ward and are secured to the rain shield, as by
welding, so as to securely support and hold the
rain shield.
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Surrounding the wick tube or burner below the
rain shield, is an open-topped annular windshield
or guard. As shown, this has a cylindrical wall 25
which surrounds and is'spaced from the wick
tube, and a bottom wall 26 which extends inf
wardly from the lower end of the cylindrical wall
to the wick tube and has a downwardly'project
, ing ?ange which ?ts around and is welded or
otherwise ?xed to the wick tube so as to secure
the windshield to the wick tube or burner. The
space formed between the cylindrical wall 25 of
the windshield and the wick tube or burner is open
at its upper end so that the ?ame can issue unim
peded through the uninterrupted space between
the upper edge of the windshield and the rain
shield. Preferably, the rainrshield is of larger.
diameter than and projects out beyond the cylin
correct height or level with reference to the
?ame openings 2,‘the Wick tube is preferably
tends part-way around the periphery of the wick
tube, with its'ends separated by a plain or un
lipped gap 3|,‘ acts as a screwthread pressing into
the Wick, so that by turning the wick in one or
the other direction in the wick ‘tube, it will be
moved upwardly or downwardly in the tube, and
the lip will supportthe wick in the position to
which it is adjusted. ‘Thus, the wick can be read
ily adjusted to the desired height simply by turn
ing it in the appropriate direction in the wick
tube.
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32 indicates a removable cover or cap adapted
to be secured on the torch over the burner and
shields with an oil-tight joint which prevents es
cape of oil from the torch. This cover is particu
larly desirable for torches or ?ares carried by 110
trucks or vehicles for emergency use.
It prevents
leakage and waste of oil which otherwise may oc-'
cur from the shaking or movement of the torch
due to'the motion of the vehicle or handling, and
keeps the torch clean and dry, as well as protect
ing the burner and shields from injury by strik
ingan object. ~ The cap shown, see Fig. 6, has an
drical windshield to better prevent rain from en
out-turned bottom ?ange 33 on the under face of
which a sealing gasket 34 is secured, as by the in
turned edge of the ?ange. The cap is threaded
tering through the space between the shields.
The windshield is provided with suitable openings
and adapted to be screwed on the neck of the
torch so as to force the gasket tightly against a
for the admission» of the necessary air to the
raised circular bead 35, Fig. 6, on the top of the
fount, and surrounding the neck, and thus form
burner, it being, as shown, provided with small
55 spaced openings 28 in its side walls and with small
perforations 29 in its bottom wall. These per
forations 29 are preferably formed with upstand
an oil-tight joint around the neck and burner. 55.
I claim as my invention:
1. A torch comprising 'a fuel receptacle, a wick
tube projecting out from. the receptacle and hav
ing lateral ?ame exit openings in the sides of
raised rims form a shallow trap which normally its outer projecting portion, a wick in the wick 60
prevents oil, that may seep out of the wick tube , tube and entering the fuel receptacle and having
into the windshield, from running out on to the its outer end terminating in the wick tube adja
body of the torch, they prevent accumulation of cent the inner ends of said exit openings so that
oil or water in the windshield to a depth to inter
the wick ?ame burns through said openings be
fere with the proper operation of the torch. The yond the wick, a windshield surrounding the outer 65
windshield is preferably disposed with reference portion of the wick tube, and a rain shield over‘
ing rims and serve as drain openings for the es
cape of water from the windshield. While the
to the wick tube or burner so- that the upper the outer end of the wick tube above said ?ame '
edge of the windshield is located at an elevation , exit openings, said wind and rain-shields de?ning
above the lower ends of the side openings 20 in
the wick tube while the air admission openings
23 of the windshield are disposed at an elevation
somewhat below the bottom ends of the side open
ings 20 of the wick tube.
,
In the use of the torch, the wick is adjusted
25. so that its upper. or exposed end will be located
a chamber around said projecting portion of the
wick tube and providing a lateral ?ame exit from 70
said chamber.
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2. A torch comprising a fuel receptacle, 2, wick
' tube projecting out from the receptacle and hav
ing lateral?ame exit openings in the sides of its
outer projecting portion, a wick extending from
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2,121,904
the fuel receptacle into-the wick tube and termi~
nating at its outer end'in the wick tube adjacent
ing in the wick tubeadjacent the inner ends of I
the inner ends of said ?ame‘exit openings where
through said openings beyond the wick, a rain
said exit openings so that the wick ?ame burns
by the wick ?ame burns through said exit open» shield supported by the upper end of the wick
ingsbeyond the wick and the outer end of the tube over the same above said ?ame exit openl
wickis con?ned laterally by the portions of the ings, and a windshield surrounding the wick tube
' wick tube between said ?ame exit openings there
of, a‘ windshield surrounding the outer portion
of the wick tube, and a rain‘ shield‘ over the outer
10 end of the wick tube above said ?ame exit open‘
ings, andspaced from the windshield by a lateral
?ameexit
opening.
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3. A torch comprising a fuel receptacle, a wick
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< tube projecting out from the receptacle and hav
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ing lateral ?ame exit openings in the vsides of its
outer projecting portion, a wick in the wick tube
and entering the fuel receptacle and having its
outer end terminating in the wick tube adjacent
the inner ends of said exit openings so thatthe
15
V .20
below and separated from said rain shield by a ,
space through which the ?ame issues.
6. A torch comprising a fuel receptacle, a wick
tube projecting up from the receptacle and hav 10
ing lateral ?ame exit openings in the sides of its *
upper projecting portion, a wick extending from
the fuel receptacle-into the wick tube, a rain
shield supported by the upper end of the wick tube
over the same above said ?ame exit omnings, 15
and a windshield supported by and surrounding
the wick tube and having an open upper end
spaced downwardly from said rain shield.
7. A torch comprising afuel receptacle, a wick
wick ?ame burns through said openings beyond ' tube projecting out from the receptacle and hav~
‘the wick, a windshield surrounding the portion
’ of the wick tube having said ?ame exit openings
and being open at-its outer end which is located
below the outer ends of said wick tube openings,
Y25 and a rainshield supported by the wick tube
over the outer end thereof and spaced from, said
' windshield.
4. A torch comprising a fuel receptacle, a wick
‘- 'tube projecting up fromthe receptacle and hav
30 ing lateral ?ame exit openings in the sides of its
upper projecting portion, a wick extending from
the fuel receptacle into the wick tube andhaving
its outer end terminating in the wick tube adja
20
ing an outwardly ?aring ‘outer projecting Vpor~ j
tion provided with lateral ?ame exit openings in
its sides, a wick extending from the fuel recep
tacle into the wick tube and terminating at
its outer end in the wick tube adjacent the inner 25
ends of said ?ame exit openings whereby the
wick ?ame burns through said exit openings
beyond the wick and the outer end of the wick
is con?ned laterally by the portions of the wick
tube between said ?ame exit openings, a wind-v
shield surrounding the outer portion of the wick
tube, and a rain shield over the outer end of the
wick tube above said flame, exit openings and
cent the inner ends of said exit openings so that above said windshield.
8. A torch comprising a fuel receptacle having 35
the wick ?ame burns through said openings be-'
- yond the wick, a rain shield supported by the ‘ an externally screw-threaded neck, a wick tube
wick tube over the upper end thereof above said and burner removably secured on said neck by a
connection located within the area de?ned by
?ame exit openings, and a windshield surround
ing the projecting, portion of the wick tubebelow
said rain shield, a ?ame ‘exit opening being pro
vided at the sideofthe windshield below the
.
rain
shield.
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said external screw thread of the neck and com
prising a packing for sealing the joint between
the burnerand the receptacle, a cap enclosing
said burner in the operative position thereof and’
5. A torch comprising a fuel receptacle, a wick
tube projecting up from the receptacle and hav
ing an upwardly ?aring upper portion vhaving
screwed on said neck, and a gasket-sealed liquid?
tight joint formed between said cap and the re- I
lateral ?ame exit openings in the sides thereof,’
a wick extending'from the fuel receptacle into
the wick tube and having its outer end terminat~
said burner connection.
ceptacle surrounding the burner, wick tube and
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ROBERT A, CURRIE.
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