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Патент USA US2122106

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June 28, 1938., '
2,122,106
J. B. MEHARG
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2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Filed Sept. 15, 1957
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Patented June 28, 1938
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2,122,106
HAIRPIN
.
Jim B; Meharg, Kennett,- Mo.
Application September 15, 1937; Serial No. 164,075
3 Claims.
(Cl. 132;-50)
basic principle, ‘the clip being of U-shapedform
This invention relates to a- structurally im
proved and distinguishably novel, hairpin, and and open at one end. x
the fundamental purpose ‘is to generally. im- '
prove upon structurally similar clasps and pins
5 (by utilizing a construction having appreciable
features of newness. such as coact with requisite
As a matter of convenience of analytical de-.. .
scription, attention is ?rst invited to that form-;
or modi?cation of the invention depicted in Fig.
ures 1 and 2.
(2;:
As before indicated, the entire .
perfection to provide-a device seeminglyladequate v‘hairpin is formed from a single length. of wire.
and more aptly ?tted for positive and reliable . This is bent upon itself to provide what may be
designated as an elongated loopvmember 8, this- .
results.
10;; Needlessv to say, I am not unmindfulof the
condition that the art to which the invention
relates is-thoroughly well developed and, for that
forming the outer unit of the assembly and func
tioning as the clip or clasp. That is to say, it
serves to clip and clasp the strands of hair into
desired bunched formation. This clip may be
said to be closed at its opposite transverse ends.
reason, exemplary of many and varied forms and
types of hairpins. Moreover, it is plain to be seen
15 .;that a multiple grip construction is. not broadly > At the normal or natural upper end the bend 9 is ' 15 as;
somewhat V~shaped and is de?ected laterallyl
new. Notwithstanding this high state, of de
velopment of the prior art, I have nevertheless with respect to the spaced parallel limbs l0 and I
designed and appropriately constructeda distinct l I. This lateral de?ection is shown in Figure 2.
contribution possessed of meritorious improve~ At the end opposite to the de?ected tip 9 the
20__n1ents fashioned in a one-piece wire formation. limbs or arms ii! and Bl are bent into inter- 2055;;
Observing that the invention hereinafter de
secting or curved or convolved formation, as dis
tinguished at the points l2 and i3, respectively.
scribed as exempli?ed in several varieties or
forms, it is to be stated that in a structural This intersectingiformation provides the closed .
generic sense I have evolved and produced a butt found handy in thrusting or pushing the.
dual-style hairpin characterized by inner and pin into place when inserted in the hair.. The I . rounded elements l2 and !3 provide a compara- 25
25 outer- companion units, the outer unit constitut
tively smooth thrust means for this purpose.
ing the clip or clasp and the inner unit ,co
acting therewith in underlying superimposed Opposed to and underlying-the so-called outer.
relationship to provide requisite retention means clasp unit 8 is the companion or complemental
unit 44 (see Figure 2) , this forming the retention ‘
for said clip, the two units having de?nite mar
3 'g'inal relationship to promote compactness and ‘means. The part M is actually made up of tWo 30 I‘
convenience as well as safety andreliability in spaced parallel reaches H‘: such as may be func
tionally termed retaining ?ngers. The interme
avoiding accidental displacement.‘
Other features and advantages embraced in diate portions are corrugated or formed with '
the individual embodiments will become more
kinks as at l 6. The free terminal ends are ?exed
3 readily apparent from the following description’ .or bowed‘ longitudinally as at the point I1, and.
and accompanying illustrative drawings.
In the drawings, wherein I use like reference
characters to designate like parts in the views:
‘ Figure l is what may be designated either as
40 a top plan or an elevational view illustrating one
the curvature is such as to cause these to protrude
betweenvthe limbs H) and H. Note-shouldv be
made of the fact that‘ the curvature of the bent
terminals II‘! is such as to eifectively coact with
the lateral tip or bight portion 9. Then, too,
embodiment of the invention with the clip closed ' one must observe that‘ the converging kinked
at opposite ends and with the retention tongues - portion-s are/con?ned 'within the limits of the
or ?ngers in corrugated converging relationship. limbs l0 and H, and that the major portions of
Figure 2 is an edge view of Figure 1.
the ?ngers l5 underlie the adjacent portions of
45" Figure 3 is a view-showing a modification said limbs. Furthermore, the longitudinally
de?nitely similar to that illustrated'in Figures 1 bowed terminals bends ll terminate within the
and 2, the ?ngers being of slightly different and - surrounding clip 8 and terminate short of the
plain formation.
Figure 4 is an edge view of the embodiment
50 illustrated in Figure 3.
bight portion 9.
In the modi?cation illustrated in Figures 3 and
4, substantially the same fundamental arrange- ‘
Figure 5 is a view basically the same as shown I ment is disclosed.
The only difference here is .1
in Figure 1, the clip being somewhat V-shaped, that the ?ngers underlie‘ the limbs ii] and H forv
their approximate complete longitudinal dimen-&
in outline.
55 , > Figure 6 is an elevation. illustrating‘ a further
modi?cation with the underlying retaining unit
fashioned with entwined or twisted terminal por
tions.
Figure 7 is a view of an additional modi?cation
60 or form of the invention illustrating the same
sion. The kinks it areomitted and the 'con- -.55
verging portions are more acute, as indicated at
the points 18. Otherwise, with the exception of
the more rounded formation at the point 9, the ‘
construction is the same as already described.
Hence, the same numerals are employed.
so
:4;
2
2,122,106
Coming now to the slight modi?cation in Fig
ure 5, this is primarily a matter of change in
shape for ease of application and removal. That
is to say, this particular form or style is sub
stantially the same as that shown in the modi
exceptionally reliable. Notwithstanding the in
corporation of these added re?nements, the ?nal
structure is nevertheless quite as inexpensive as
competitive pins previously patented and mar
keted. I shall not, however, attempt to point
out any theoretical advantages, since the novelty
?cations in Figures 1 to 4, inclusive. The prin
cipal distinction here is that the clasp or clip
is predicated primarily on the selection of struc
unit 8 is substantially V-shaped.
ture and con?gurationv of the coacting structural
details.
That is to say,
the crotch portion or bight 9 is quite narrow and
It is thought that the description taken in con 10
10 the limbs or arms It and H are disposed in con- .
verging relationship instead of in parallelism, as nection with the drawings will enable a clear
in Figures 1 and 3. Otherwise, the construction understanding of the invention to be had. There
is the same as in Figure 1 and the same nu
fore, a more lengthy description is thought un
merals are employed to designate corresponding
necessary.
15 parts.
Considering now the modification seen in Fig
ure 6, it will be observed that a somewhat more
distinct formation is here utilized. While the
clip or clasp portion 8 is the same as already de
20 scribed, the underlying companion retention unit
I4 is different to this extent: The ?ngers instead
of being free are brought into converging rela
tionship, as indicated at E9, where they are twisted
together to form a convolved shank 28, said shank
25 being disposed in a median position between the
limbs l0 and II. Here, again, it will be observed
that the terminal end portion 2! of the shank
terminates at a point between the limbs and also
terminates short of the primary bend or bight
30 portion 9. One can visualize this particular em
bodiment of the invention as de?nitely made up
of dual grips, that is, the outer gripping clip 8
and the underlying companion grip M. The grip
M is in the nature of a secondary loop underlying
35 a main loop 8, and said secondary loop I4 being
shorter than the loop 8 and including a shank so
that the combined length of the shank and sec
ondary loop is less than that of the main outer
clasp forming loop 8.
In the modi?cation illustrated in Figure '7, a
one-piece wire formation is utilized. Here I pro
vide what is de?nitely a U-shaped hairpin 22
including spaced parallel limbs or arms 23 and
24. vThe connective or bight portion 25 is suffi
45 ciently rounded to facilitate insertion when
40
brought into use. The free ends of the arms 23
and 24 are provided with return bends, as at 26,
which de?ne extension ?ngers 21. The ?ngers
21 substantially underlie the arms or limbs 23
50 and 24, and have their intermediate portions cor
rugated or crimped as at 28. Here, again, the
terminals are formed into longitudinal bowed
portions or bends ll of the type already described,
occupying the same relationship to the limbs 23
55 and 24 and terminating short of the bend or
bight portion 25. In the other forms of the in
vention the loop-like clasp 8 is closed at opposite
ends. In this form it is of U-shaped con?guration
and thus open at one end. Whether open or not,
60 one can readily appreciate the common charac
teristics found in the last named embodiment of
the invention (Figure '7) as compared to the em
bodiments already described.
Of outstanding importance in this arrangement
65 is the fact that the two complemental inner and
While the preferred embodiment of the inven 15
tion has been shown and described, it is to be
understood that minor changes coming within
the ?eld of invention claimed may be resorted to
if desired.
20
I claim:
1. A multiple grip clasp-type hairpin of the
class described formed from a single length of
wire bent intermediate its ends to provide a sub
stantially U-shaped outer grip, the bight portion
of said grip being laterally de?ected with respect 25
to the longitudinal axis of the parallel limbs, the
free ends of the limbs being bent to provide re
turn bends forming guard ?ngers, said guard ?n
gers having their‘ major portions underlying the
limbs of the U-shaped grip, the free end portion 30
of the fingers being directed toward each other
to lie within the limits of the area encompassed
by said limbs and terminating short of the lat
erally directed bight portion, the free ends being
longitudinally bowed with the crown portion of 35
the bows protruding through and beyond said
limbs in directions at right angles to said limbs
to occupy a plane outwardly of the limbs.
2. A multiple grip clasp-type hairpin of the
class described formed from a single length of 40
wire bent intermediate its ends to provide a sub
stantially U-shaped outer grip, the bight portion
of said grip being laterally de?ected with respect
to the longitudinal axis of the parallel limbs, the
free ends of the limbs being bent at right angles 45
into intersecting relationship and turning into
return bends forming guard ?ngers, said guard
?ngers having their major portions underlying
the limbs of the U-shaped grip, the free end por
tions of the ?ngers being directed toward each 50
other to lie within the limits of said limbs and
terminating short of said laterally de?ected bight
portion.
3. A multiple grip clasp-type hairpin of the
class described formed from a single length of
wire bent intermediate its ends to provide a sub
stantially U-shaped outer grip, the bight portion
of said grip being laterally deflected with respect
to the longitudinal axis of the parallel limbs, the
free ends of the limbs being bent at right angles 60
into intersecting relationship and turning into
return bends forming guard ?ngers, said guard
?ngers having their major portions underlying
the limbs of the U-shaped grip, the free end por
tions of the ?ngers being directed toward each 65
outer parts 8 and M are disposed in such relation
other to lie within the limits of said limbs and
ship that the outer part overlies the inner part,
thus hiding the features of the inner part and
preventing them from showing, when in the hair.
terminating short of the laterally deflected bight
portion, said free ends being longitudinally bowed
70 This is- believed to be a ful?llment of a long felt
need in the construction of hairpins. The pin it
self, as the complete structural assembly, is con
eidered simple, well designed, easy to handle, and
with the crown portion of the bows projecting
through and beyond said limbs to occupy a plane 70
outwardly of the limbs.
JIM B. MEHARG.
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