Патент USA US2122106код для вставки
June 28, 1938., ' 2,122,106 J. B. MEHARG warm 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Sept. 15, 1957 w? /7/( ) / ’ » 5 Fly- 2 8/7 J//6L / // ‘ . //f , M4 3 63 //(f KM‘ " I5- I . ‘ Inventor W914 aw? Attorneys Patented June 28, 1938 inane warren: STATES ;.IP‘A-TENT . orrics 2,122,106 HAIRPIN . Jim B; Meharg, Kennett,- Mo. Application September 15, 1937; Serial No. 164,075 3 Claims. (Cl. 132;-50) basic principle, ‘the clip being of U-shapedform This invention relates to a- structurally im proved and distinguishably novel, hairpin, and and open at one end. x the fundamental purpose ‘is to generally. im- ' prove upon structurally similar clasps and pins 5 (by utilizing a construction having appreciable features of newness. such as coact with requisite As a matter of convenience of analytical de-.. . scription, attention is ?rst invited to that form-; or modi?cation of the invention depicted in Fig. ures 1 and 2. (2;: As before indicated, the entire . perfection to provide-a device seeminglyladequate v‘hairpin is formed from a single length. of wire. and more aptly ?tted for positive and reliable . This is bent upon itself to provide what may be designated as an elongated loopvmember 8, this- . results. 10;; Needlessv to say, I am not unmindfulof the condition that the art to which the invention relates is-thoroughly well developed and, for that forming the outer unit of the assembly and func tioning as the clip or clasp. That is to say, it serves to clip and clasp the strands of hair into desired bunched formation. This clip may be said to be closed at its opposite transverse ends. reason, exemplary of many and varied forms and types of hairpins. Moreover, it is plain to be seen 15 .;that a multiple grip construction is. not broadly > At the normal or natural upper end the bend 9 is ' 15 as; somewhat V~shaped and is de?ected laterallyl new. Notwithstanding this high state, of de velopment of the prior art, I have nevertheless with respect to the spaced parallel limbs l0 and I designed and appropriately constructeda distinct l I. This lateral de?ection is shown in Figure 2. contribution possessed of meritorious improve~ At the end opposite to the de?ected tip 9 the 20__n1ents fashioned in a one-piece wire formation. limbs or arms ii! and Bl are bent into inter- 2055;; Observing that the invention hereinafter de secting or curved or convolved formation, as dis tinguished at the points l2 and i3, respectively. scribed as exempli?ed in several varieties or forms, it is to be stated that in a structural This intersectingiformation provides the closed . generic sense I have evolved and produced a butt found handy in thrusting or pushing the. dual-style hairpin characterized by inner and pin into place when inserted in the hair.. The I . rounded elements l2 and !3 provide a compara- 25 25 outer- companion units, the outer unit constitut tively smooth thrust means for this purpose. ing the clip or clasp and the inner unit ,co acting therewith in underlying superimposed Opposed to and underlying-the so-called outer. relationship to provide requisite retention means clasp unit 8 is the companion or complemental unit 44 (see Figure 2) , this forming the retention ‘ for said clip, the two units having de?nite mar 3 'g'inal relationship to promote compactness and ‘means. The part M is actually made up of tWo 30 I‘ convenience as well as safety andreliability in spaced parallel reaches H‘: such as may be func tionally termed retaining ?ngers. The interme avoiding accidental displacement.‘ Other features and advantages embraced in diate portions are corrugated or formed with ' the individual embodiments will become more kinks as at l 6. The free terminal ends are ?exed 3 readily apparent from the following description’ .or bowed‘ longitudinally as at the point I1, and. and accompanying illustrative drawings. In the drawings, wherein I use like reference characters to designate like parts in the views: ‘ Figure l is what may be designated either as 40 a top plan or an elevational view illustrating one the curvature is such as to cause these to protrude betweenvthe limbs H) and H. Note-shouldv be made of the fact that‘ the curvature of the bent terminals II‘! is such as to eifectively coact with the lateral tip or bight portion 9. Then, too, embodiment of the invention with the clip closed ' one must observe that‘ the converging kinked at opposite ends and with the retention tongues - portion-s are/con?ned 'within the limits of the or ?ngers in corrugated converging relationship. limbs l0 and H, and that the major portions of Figure 2 is an edge view of Figure 1. the ?ngers l5 underlie the adjacent portions of 45" Figure 3 is a view-showing a modification said limbs. Furthermore, the longitudinally de?nitely similar to that illustrated'in Figures 1 bowed terminals bends ll terminate within the and 2, the ?ngers being of slightly different and - surrounding clip 8 and terminate short of the plain formation. Figure 4 is an edge view of the embodiment 50 illustrated in Figure 3. bight portion 9. In the modi?cation illustrated in Figures 3 and 4, substantially the same fundamental arrange- ‘ Figure 5 is a view basically the same as shown I ment is disclosed. The only difference here is .1 in Figure 1, the clip being somewhat V-shaped, that the ?ngers underlie‘ the limbs ii] and H forv their approximate complete longitudinal dimen-& in outline. 55 , > Figure 6 is an elevation. illustrating‘ a further modi?cation with the underlying retaining unit fashioned with entwined or twisted terminal por tions. Figure 7 is a view of an additional modi?cation 60 or form of the invention illustrating the same sion. The kinks it areomitted and the 'con- -.55 verging portions are more acute, as indicated at the points 18. Otherwise, with the exception of the more rounded formation at the point 9, the ‘ construction is the same as already described. Hence, the same numerals are employed. so :4; 2 2,122,106 Coming now to the slight modi?cation in Fig ure 5, this is primarily a matter of change in shape for ease of application and removal. That is to say, this particular form or style is sub stantially the same as that shown in the modi exceptionally reliable. Notwithstanding the in corporation of these added re?nements, the ?nal structure is nevertheless quite as inexpensive as competitive pins previously patented and mar keted. I shall not, however, attempt to point out any theoretical advantages, since the novelty ?cations in Figures 1 to 4, inclusive. The prin cipal distinction here is that the clasp or clip is predicated primarily on the selection of struc unit 8 is substantially V-shaped. ture and con?gurationv of the coacting structural details. That is to say, the crotch portion or bight 9 is quite narrow and It is thought that the description taken in con 10 10 the limbs or arms It and H are disposed in con- . verging relationship instead of in parallelism, as nection with the drawings will enable a clear in Figures 1 and 3. Otherwise, the construction understanding of the invention to be had. There is the same as in Figure 1 and the same nu fore, a more lengthy description is thought un merals are employed to designate corresponding necessary. 15 parts. Considering now the modification seen in Fig ure 6, it will be observed that a somewhat more distinct formation is here utilized. While the clip or clasp portion 8 is the same as already de 20 scribed, the underlying companion retention unit I4 is different to this extent: The ?ngers instead of being free are brought into converging rela tionship, as indicated at E9, where they are twisted together to form a convolved shank 28, said shank 25 being disposed in a median position between the limbs l0 and II. Here, again, it will be observed that the terminal end portion 2! of the shank terminates at a point between the limbs and also terminates short of the primary bend or bight 30 portion 9. One can visualize this particular em bodiment of the invention as de?nitely made up of dual grips, that is, the outer gripping clip 8 and the underlying companion grip M. The grip M is in the nature of a secondary loop underlying 35 a main loop 8, and said secondary loop I4 being shorter than the loop 8 and including a shank so that the combined length of the shank and sec ondary loop is less than that of the main outer clasp forming loop 8. In the modi?cation illustrated in Figure '7, a one-piece wire formation is utilized. Here I pro vide what is de?nitely a U-shaped hairpin 22 including spaced parallel limbs or arms 23 and 24. vThe connective or bight portion 25 is suffi 45 ciently rounded to facilitate insertion when 40 brought into use. The free ends of the arms 23 and 24 are provided with return bends, as at 26, which de?ne extension ?ngers 21. The ?ngers 21 substantially underlie the arms or limbs 23 50 and 24, and have their intermediate portions cor rugated or crimped as at 28. Here, again, the terminals are formed into longitudinal bowed portions or bends ll of the type already described, occupying the same relationship to the limbs 23 55 and 24 and terminating short of the bend or bight portion 25. In the other forms of the in vention the loop-like clasp 8 is closed at opposite ends. In this form it is of U-shaped con?guration and thus open at one end. Whether open or not, 60 one can readily appreciate the common charac teristics found in the last named embodiment of the invention (Figure '7) as compared to the em bodiments already described. Of outstanding importance in this arrangement 65 is the fact that the two complemental inner and While the preferred embodiment of the inven 15 tion has been shown and described, it is to be understood that minor changes coming within the ?eld of invention claimed may be resorted to if desired. 20 I claim: 1. A multiple grip clasp-type hairpin of the class described formed from a single length of wire bent intermediate its ends to provide a sub stantially U-shaped outer grip, the bight portion of said grip being laterally de?ected with respect 25 to the longitudinal axis of the parallel limbs, the free ends of the limbs being bent to provide re turn bends forming guard ?ngers, said guard ?n gers having their‘ major portions underlying the limbs of the U-shaped grip, the free end portion 30 of the fingers being directed toward each other to lie within the limits of the area encompassed by said limbs and terminating short of the lat erally directed bight portion, the free ends being longitudinally bowed with the crown portion of 35 the bows protruding through and beyond said limbs in directions at right angles to said limbs to occupy a plane outwardly of the limbs. 2. A multiple grip clasp-type hairpin of the class described formed from a single length of 40 wire bent intermediate its ends to provide a sub stantially U-shaped outer grip, the bight portion of said grip being laterally de?ected with respect to the longitudinal axis of the parallel limbs, the free ends of the limbs being bent at right angles 45 into intersecting relationship and turning into return bends forming guard ?ngers, said guard ?ngers having their major portions underlying the limbs of the U-shaped grip, the free end por tions of the ?ngers being directed toward each 50 other to lie within the limits of said limbs and terminating short of said laterally de?ected bight portion. 3. A multiple grip clasp-type hairpin of the class described formed from a single length of wire bent intermediate its ends to provide a sub stantially U-shaped outer grip, the bight portion of said grip being laterally deflected with respect to the longitudinal axis of the parallel limbs, the free ends of the limbs being bent at right angles 60 into intersecting relationship and turning into return bends forming guard ?ngers, said guard ?ngers having their major portions underlying the limbs of the U-shaped grip, the free end por tions of the ?ngers being directed toward each 65 outer parts 8 and M are disposed in such relation other to lie within the limits of said limbs and ship that the outer part overlies the inner part, thus hiding the features of the inner part and preventing them from showing, when in the hair. terminating short of the laterally deflected bight portion, said free ends being longitudinally bowed 70 This is- believed to be a ful?llment of a long felt need in the construction of hairpins. The pin it self, as the complete structural assembly, is con eidered simple, well designed, easy to handle, and with the crown portion of the bows projecting through and beyond said limbs to occupy a plane 70 outwardly of the limbs. JIM B. MEHARG.