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Патент USA US2122220

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June 28, 1938.
G, c, TURNER
2,122,220
DOOR RETAINER
Filed 00f. 18, 19:57
2 Sheets-Sheet l
O
Inventor
June 28, 1.938.
’
G_ c_ TURNER~
2,122,220
DOOR RETAINER
Filed Oct. 18, 1937
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Q 5
A
w
I
‘
'
Attorneys
I
2,122,22tt
Patented June 28, 1938
STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,122,220
DOOR RETAINER
Grover C. Turner, Oklahoma City, Okla.
Application October 18, 1937, Serial No. 169,704
2 Claims.
(Cl. 292—278)
This invention appertains to new and useful
improvements in closure controlling means.
The principal object of the present invention
is to provide a door retaining mechanism where
5 by the door can be retained in closed or fully
opened position against self-swinging.
Another important object of the invention is
to provide a closure detent whereby the doors of
a garage can be fully held in closed or auto
10 matically opened position, without manual as
sistance.
These and various other important objects
and advantages of the invention will become
apparent to the reader of the following speci
15 ?cation.
In the drawings:
‘
Figure 1 represents a top plan view of the
mechanism attached to a pair of garage doors,
showing the doors in open position.
Figure 2 is a top plan view of the mechanism
showing the doors held in closed position.
Figure 3 is a fragmentary vertical sectional
view showing the mechanism in closed door re
taining position.
Figure 4 is a sectional view taken substantially
on line 4-4 of Figure 2.
Figure 5 is a fragmentary detailed sectional
view-on the line 5--5 of Figure 1.
Referring to the drawings wherein like nu
merals designate like parts, it can be seen that
numeral 5 denotes a garage structure which
includes the doorway frame made up of the ver
tical side members a-a and the top frame mem
ber 13. Numeral 6 denotes a beam secured to the
horizontal member b and the upper ends of the
side members a—a and to this is secured the for
ward portion of the retainer mechanism gener
ally referred to by the numeral 1. The garage
doors are denoted by numerals 8—8 and each is
4:0 provided with a lug 9 on its inner side. Inwardly
connected to these lugs 9—9 on the forward ends
of the elongated arms l?—l0 which at their up
per ends are pivotally connected by a trunnion
II to the roller l2 which operates between the
45
depending ?anges of the parallel angleiron
guides I3-—l3. The forward ends of these angle
iron members, l3—l3 are secured to the inter
mediate portion of the beam 6 while the rear
ends are connected to the intermediate portion of
50 the substantially V-shaped brace member I4
which is apertured at its ends to receive securing
means whereby the same can be secured by its
ends to a suitable portion of the garage.
Extending laterally from one of the angle
55 irons l3 are the angleiron guide members I5—l5
between which rides the roller It, said roller hav
ing upwardly and downwardly extending spindles
i'l--I8 pivotally connecting the adjacent end of
the links l9--20 to the roller I6, while the re
maining ends of these links [9-28 are pivotally Ol
connected to the upper and lower ends of the
aforementioned roller I2. A coiled extensible
spring 2! has one end secured to one of the
angleirons l3 while its opposite end connects
to the roller It. A bar 22 extends rearwardly
from the beam 6 and connects the remaining
ends'of the angleirons I5—~|5.
It can now be seen that the spring 2| in Fig
ure 2 is operative to hold the roller l2 toward
the rear end of the guide members l3—|3 and in
so doing is holding the doors 8—8 in closed
position.
In moving the doors 8—8 to open position, the
doors are pulled open and as this occurs the arms
ill-10 move forwardly on the roller I2 which
moves the forward ends of the links l9—2? lat
erally of the guides |3-I3. As the roller l2
passes the guides l5—l5 the doors can be released
as the tension of the spring 2| will snap the
doors to fully opened position as the roller I2
is forced toward the forward ends of the guide
members Iii-I3, carrying with it the arms |0-—
I 0. Thus, the doors 8—8 are held either in closed
position as shown in Figure 2 under tension, or
in fully opened position as shown in Figure 1, 30
under the tension of the spring 2|.
While the foregoing speci?cation sets forth
the invention in speci?c terms, it is to be under
stood that numerous changes in the shape, size,
and materials may be resorted to without de
parting from the spirit and scope of the inven
tion as claimed hereinafter.
Having
described
the
invention,
what
is
claimed as new is:
1. A door retainer of the character described 40
comprising a swingable door mounted in a door
way, a guide extending at right angles to- the
doorway, a lateral guide extending from the ?rst
mentioned guide, an arm extending from the
door and having one end slidably engaged with
the ?rst mentioned guide, a link member having
one end engaged with the end of the arm en
gaged in the ?rst mentioned guideway, the re
maining end of the link being slidably connected
with the second mentioned guide, and spring 50
means normally tending to urge the last men
tioned end of the link toward the ?rst mentioned
guide.
2. A door retainer of the character described
comprising a swingable door mounted in a door 55
2
2,122,220
way, a guide extending at right angles to the
doorway, a lateral guide extending from the ?rst
maining end of the link being slidably connected
with the second mentioned guide, and spring
mentioned guide, an arm extending from the
means connecting the last mentioned end of the
door and having one end slidably engaged with
the ?rst mentioned guide, a link member hav
link to the ?rst mentioned guide, and support
ing means for the said guide.
ing one end engaged with the end of the arm
engaged in the ?rst mentioned guideway, the re
GROVER C. TURNER.
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