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Патент USA US2122292

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June 28,1938.
A. PETERSEN
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2,122,292
CARRIER ' FOR BRAIDING MACHINES
Filed Sept. 21, 1937
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A 72 Z'er Petersen,
'22 KWQMi/JA? AWAY‘
June 28, 1938.
21,122,292
A. PETERSEN .
CARRIER‘ FOR BRA‘IDING MACHINES
2 SheetsPSheet 2
Filed'Sept, 21. 1937
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17206729127,’
, Anita?” Petersen’
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2,122,292.;
Patented June 28, 1938
UNITED STATES ATE.
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2,122,292
CARRIER FOR BRAID-ING MACHINES
Anker Petersen, Boston, Mass, assignor to James
Joseph‘Lannon, West Newton, Mass.
Application September 21, 1937, Serial No. 164,891
18 Claims‘.
This'invention pertains to braiding'machines,
especially machines of the general type disclosed
in the patent to Petersen No. 1,796,938, dated
March 17, 1930, and relates more‘particularly t0
5- bobbin carriers for use in such machines.
In my copending application for Letters Patent
Serial No. 107,206, ?led October 23, 1936, I have
disclosed an improved braiding machine useful,
for example, in interbraiding flat ribbon-like
strands, for instance, flat‘metal ribbons, so as to
form a tubular braid appropriate, among other
things, to constitute a‘conduit for electrical con
ducto'rs-
While such flat strands of metal are
useful for thepurpose and can be successfully and
~expeditiously- interbraided by the machine dis
closed ‘in-the ‘aforesaid application, _I' ?nd that
under certain conditions it is preferable to form
each ?at strand by disposing a plurality of small
(Cl. 96---13) '
Fig. 5 is an end elevation of the carrier of
Fig. 4, viewed ‘from the left-hand side of‘ said‘
?gure, and partially in vertical section ‘substan
vtially-on the line 5-—5 of. Fig. 4; and
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary diagrammatic plan view,
tosmaller'scale, illustrating a braidingmachine
of the type to ‘which the present invention relates
and showing‘ the relative position ofv the inner
and outer sets of bobbin carriers, and the loca- '
tion of stop mechanism parts.
- 10'
Referring to the drawings, the numeral l desig
nates a bobbin carrier embodying certainlfeatures »
of the-present invention, such carrier being de
signed to constitute oneof- the inner setof-car
riers of. a braiding-machine of the type above
referred to. This carrier comprises a rigid
frame 2 having -a guide roll 3 at its inner end
15'
designed'to run in a circular track 'or guideway
ll (Fig. 6) forming an element of the braiding
machine. The- carrier is also furnishedv with 20
guide rolls 5‘at its outer end designed to engage
gral-metal ribbon, and the principal vobject ofvv a groove-or g-uideway in the inner surface of'the
ring 6 (Fig. 6) forming an element of the ‘braid
the present invention is to providea ‘carrieroper
ative to support -a' series of spools ‘or bobbins each ing machine. Preferably the rolls~3 and 5 are
carrying a'supply of ?ne'wire or the like and with mounted‘ on anti~friction bearings and are of. 25
independent ?laments, such, for example, as
20 . metal ‘wires, in parallel relation and in substan
tially the same plane, rather than to use an ‘inte
provision for properlytensioning the wires-from
the several bobbins and for delivering the several
wires in substantially parallel relation in readi
seli-lubricating ‘type, as, described for example
invthelpatent to Petersen, No. 1,796,938, dated
March v1'7, 1931.
>
ness :for assembly to form a; ?at strand.
Afurther» ‘object is toprovide a carrier com
In accordance withthe present invention, a
?xed shaft '1' (Fig. 1) is arranged‘ to extend 30
prising‘ simple and e?ective feeler or detector
means cooperable with‘each individual bobbin of
the carrier and-operative in response to substan
transversely across the frame Z'from one side to
the other and on this shaftvthere is mounted a
tial :or complete exhaustion of the wire mass on
any-bobbin to initiate operation of a stop motion.
A ‘further ‘object ‘of the invention is to provide a
simple means for receiving and supporting the
several vbobbins-in the carrier in such a way as to
permit removal of any individual bobbin and its
40 replacement without‘disturbing the other bobbins
in the carrier,
Other objects and advantages of the invention
will be made ‘manifest in the following ‘more de
tailed-description and by reference to the accom
45gpanying drawings, wherein
Fig. -1 is a 'plan'view, with certain parts broken
away, illustrating a bobbin carrier embodying
‘the present invention;
Fig. 2 is an elevation of the carrier of Fig. 1
viewed. from the left-hand side ofv the latter
?gure;
.
series-of bobbin supports 8. These bobbin sup
ports are preferably‘ blade-like members ‘each
pivoted at one ‘end upon the shaft 1, the several
supports 8~~being held in properly spaced relation
by means of vsleeves 9 mounted on the shaft 1
between adjacent supports. Each of the-supports‘
8 is furnished with a bobbin-receiving stud 9a,
the several studs being axially‘ aligned‘and ?xedv
to the supports intermediate'the'ends‘ of the
latter, preferably being arranged so that- each‘
stud projects laterally from the corresponding
side of its ‘support. Each stud is of such diam
eter as to receive one of the bobbins or spools I0
on which the wire or other strand-forming ma
terial is wound.
45 "
I
In order to maintain the supports 8 in parallel
relation, (it being noted thatv these supports are
quite narrow ina horizontal direction so as to 5
save space) the free ‘ends of. the several supports .
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary section, to larger scale, ' are designed to be received in slots or sockets,
substantially on the line 3—-3 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 1 but illustrating
55: a carrier of another type;
formed in a substantially vertical plate ll pro
vided with a horizontal ?ange 12 (Fig. 3) by.
means of which it is secured .to the carrier :frame;
as
2
2,122,292
The slots in the plate II are of a width such as
snugly to receive the free ends of the blade-like
supports 8, such slots forming in e?ect sockets
which operates automatically in response to the
exhaustion of strand from any of the bobbins of
either the inner or outer series. This stop motion
into which the ends of the supports may be swung
includes a downwardly directed ?nger F’ (Fig. 6)
downwardly and thus held in operative position. - which, when swung out of its normal vertical po
In order to prevent accidental escape of the ends
of the supports from their sockets, spring clips or
latches i 3 are arranged along the outer side of the
plate ll, said spring clips or latches being held
in proper position by means of a clamping plate
ill. Each of the supports 8 is preferably furnished
with a notch l5 (Fig. 3) at its free end, and this
notch is designed to receive the. corresponding
spring clip or latch I3 so as to hold the support in
15 normal operative position.
However, the spring
latch may readily be disengaged manually when
it is desired to swing a given support upwardly
about the axis of shaft 7, thereby to raise its stud
93 up to a position in which the bobbin may be
placed on or removed from the stud.
In order to tension the strand-forming wires
‘from the several bobbins, the carrier is provided
with a rotary shaft l6 substantially parallel to
the shaftl, and this shaft i6 is furnished with a
25 ratchet wheel H at the outer side of the frame,
and a pawl I8 is engageable with the ratchet
wheel for holding the shaft l 6 in any desired po
sition of > rotational adjustment.
Fixed to the
shaft i6 is a series of resilient tension ?ngers l9
301 (Fig. 2). Each of these ?ngers preferably con
sists of a length of ?at spring wire doubled at its
mid-point , in its
own plane so as to form a
smoothly curved end lQb (Fig. l) and to provide
two substantially parallel runs of the flat resilient
The free end of each of these two runs
is coiled to form a spring in the nature of a clock
spring, and the inner end of each spring coil is
?xed to the shaft IS. The free ends of the ten
35 material.
sion members l9 are arranged to underly the sev
:eral bobbins and the tension applied may be var
ied and predetermined by turning the shaft l8
and then holding it in adjusted position by means
' of the ratchet l1 and pawl I8.
When tensioning slippery material like ?ne
wire, paper, yarn, or the like, it is quite desirable
to provide the tension ?ngers with some non
metallic substance to bear against the material
on the bobbin in order to furnish a more uniform
and reliable tension. For this purpose it has
1 been found that braided textile material threaded
over the flat ribbon-like element forming the
tension arm l9 affords the desired tensioning ac
tion and results in a uniform delivery of the
strand-forming material. Thus, for example, be
‘ fore the ?at metal ribbon forming the tension ?n-v
ger is doubled, a'length of tubular textile braid
may be threaded over the metal ribbon, after
which the metal may be bent as above described,
60
thus providing the tensioning ?nger with the
desired contact ‘surface. On the other hand, if
sition, breaks an electrical circuit and thereby
causes the machine to stop. Since the stop mech
anism itself is fully described in the aforesaid ap
plication, it is unnecessary to describe it further
in detail here, but in accordance with the pres
entinvention the carriers are furnished with de
vices for actuating the ?nger F’ upon exhaustion
of thestrand from any spool of any carrier.
For this purpose, as illustrated in Figs. 1, 2 and
3, the carrier is provided near its outer end with 15
a transverse support or shaft 2! suitably ?xed in
position and provided with a series of forwardly
and upwardly projecting brackets 22 (Fig. 3) cor
responding in number to the several bobbin sup
ports 8. Each of these brackets 22 is furnished »
with a pivot stud 23 upon which is mounted a
feeler or detector lever 24, one end of which is de
signed to rest upon the strand-forming mate
rial on the bobbin, while the other end 25 is de
signed at times to be so positioned as to engage
and actuate a ?nger F carried by a shaft, mount
ed to turn‘ in the ring 6 and having a ?nger Fz'
(Fig. 6) which may be positioned to engage the
stop mechanism ?nger F’. Each detector ?nger
24 is provided with a spring 26, preferably of the
clock-spring type, designed 'to'press the free end
of the lever into contact with the strand-forming
material on the corresponding bobbin. So long
as the free end of the detector 24 is supported by
strand-forming material, it occupies substantial- -
ly the position shown in full lines in Fig. 3, but
upon exhaustion of the strand-forming material
the spring 26 is enabled to swing the detector to
the broken line position of Fig. 3 in which its end
25 is directed vertically up and is thus positioned 40
.to engage the ?nger F during the revolution of
the carrier and thus to cause the stop motion to
act and stop the machine.
When the machine is stopped, the operator dis
engages the spring clip l3 from the bobbin sup
port 8 upon which the exhausted bobbin is
mounted and swings the support up about the
shaft 1 so as to clear its stud 9a from the other
45
supports, thus permitting the operator to remove
the empty bobbin from the stud and to replace it
with a ?lled bobbin. The operator then swings
the detector ?nger 24 back to its normal posi
tion,—drops the end of the bobbin support back
into its slot in the plate H, and engages the
spring clip £3 with the notch l 5, thus placing the
bobbin in operative position. The strand from
the bobbin may now be led through the proper
guides to the braiding point and the machine may
again be started.
‘
I
Referring to Figs. 4, 5 and 6, the numeral Ia 60
desired the textile material or its equivalent may designates a carrier of the outer series, such
be slipped onto the tension ?nger after the lat
carrier comprising the frame 29 which is open
ter has beencompleted and secured to the shaft’ at topv and bottom and which supports the ?xed
I6. While braided textile ?ber has been sug
transverse shaft 30 (Fig. 5) on which is mounted
a series of blade-like bobbin supports 3i. The
65 gested as a desirable material, it is contemplated
that ‘many other substances may be useful for'
the purpose, such, for example, as woven'or
felted textile ?bers,’ cork, rubber, arti?cial rub
ber, leather or, in fact, any material of a yielding
character such as to distribute the contact over
a substantial area of the material wound on the
spool.
In the braiding machine disclosed in the co
_‘ pending application for Letters Patent above re
75"‘ ferred. to, there is provided a Stop mechanism
free ends of these bobbin supports are received
in narrow vertical slots or sockets in the upper
edge of the inner wall 29a of the carrier frame,
and these free ends of the supports are nor
mally held in the slots by means of the spring 70
clips 32 ?xed to the wall 29*‘ and which are re
leasably received in notches 33 at thefree ends
of the supports 3!. Each supportp3l is furnished
with a bobbin receiving stud file (Fig. 4) and
the several supports are spaced apart by means
3;
of collars, 32? on the shaft '30‘; and‘ intervening '
guide-pulleys 32'a‘also mounted. on: the shaft 30;
Each guide pulley 32s is so disposed. as to re
'It is thus manifest'that in accordance with
the-presentinvention' both‘ the. carriers of the
innerxandi outer sets are adapted to receive a
substantial number of bobbins, all alike and all
corresponding stud 3M and to deliver such strandz. ini‘c'o'axi'al‘relationship, and all‘ so supported that Cl
they: may: :readilyfbe removed individually for
at a point "outside of 'the'out'er- wallof‘the car
ceive the strand from a- spoolmount'ed. on the‘
replenishment. It is further manifest that the
rier frame. '
carriers“ of’ both‘ the inner. and! outer sets are
furnishe'dtwith effective tensioning means for
each ibobbin» and‘ that the several carriers are 10
to
which)
are
fixed
the
‘
inner.
ends
.
of
clock.
spring
'
10
Below the shaft 3D1‘ithere is", mounted a rotate
able tension'supp'orting: shaft or." rod 34 (Fig.5)
coils constitutingintegralparts/of resilient ten
sion fingersi? similar t'othe tension: ?ngers 19
above described. 'Each‘ofth’e tension ?ngers 351
may be providediwith- resilient yieldable contact
" material 36 such as described in. connection with:
the tension-?ngers-of carrier. t.
Nearitheforward end of the carrier there is
arranged: a ?xedftr-an'svers'e' shaft. 36“ provided
with a- series of ‘upstanding brackets 31, Cone
spending in number: to: the number“ of bobbins
and ‘each, formingva support for a lateral stud
38 on ‘which ismounted a f'eeler or. detector ?n
ger 39. A; coilsprin'grlli! ten'ds't'o swing the free
end of each detector ?nger‘toi the left as viewed
25 .in Fig. 5:‘so a's to'contact with'th'e' vstrand-forming
furnished’ ‘with stop motion actuating devices
corresponding to eachindividual bobbin and all
effective? to" initiate the operation of the stop
motion; mechanism. of the‘ machine.
While a certain desirable embodiment of the
invention has been illustrated and described by
way‘of example, it is to be understood that the
invention is not‘ necessarily limited to this pre
cise; embodiment but is to be regarded as broadly
inclusive ‘of any and all equivalent arrangements 20
which‘mayrfall within the scope of the appended
claims.
I‘ claim;
1. A: bobbin carrier for braiding machines
comprising a frame open at its top, and means
for supporting a series of bobbins in coaxial
material ‘on. the corresponding bobbin;
About midway between the inner and outer ' relation in the frame, the supporting means
endsioffthe frame oftheicarrier‘there‘is mounted comprising parts individually movable upwardly
a rock shaft M (Fig. 5) provided near‘its oppo
i-site ends, at points just. inside the frame; with
out of the frame and so designed and arranged
as to ‘permit any selected bobbin to be removed -.
wh'ichqisengaged :by l'azlight spring A 5‘ which tends
without’ disturbing the ‘others.
2. A‘ bobbin carrier for braiding machines com
prising a-Yframe and a series of bobbin supports
each having a bobbin-receiving element, each
.to‘holclrthe :arm Miin full'line position of Fig. 5
so that
‘arm's'sll2i' extend upward'ly'a'nd occupy
the ‘others away from normal operative posi
arms 42.: which . support‘ a‘ contact rod" 43 ' extend
ing transversely across: the carrier. The rock
shaft v‘1H is ‘also provided. withv a lever" arm 44
the full=line positionhshowniin Fig. 4.
Mounted on studs projecting from. the outer
surface ‘of the'outer wall.‘ "of: the frame 29 is ‘a
"series of guidet-roll's‘or‘pulleys 46‘ (Fig; 5). Each
of these guide rolls or pulleys preferably is
.groove'di'and‘ is designed to- receive one of the
wires from; one-‘of the bobbins: ‘after’ the wire
leavesthe-corresponding gui'dei'pull'ey 32s. The
:ypulleys 32a *and' ‘M5 'areso? arrangedthat' a wire,
after leaving the spool, is guided to the outerv
side of-the‘ frame ‘and then "downwardly in paral—
lel relation to the-outer ‘surface of theframe of
the carrier, and from theseveral pulleys 4-6. the
501 wires ‘are designed to 'extendin substantially par
allel'relation to a guide‘ pulley (suchxasthe'pul
ley '86 'of‘ my aforementioned copending appli
cation) "carried. by the" ‘ring 6101‘ the braiding
machine.
‘
'If a strand-forming wire carried by one of‘
the bobbins of the carrier is‘ is exhausted, the
feeler ?nger 3'9 drops‘an'dfin ‘so dropping en
gages the contact rocl 43,1. thus. swinging the
arms 42' downwardly and raising'th'e arm 44 into
603 the path of the ‘?nger F’ ‘so that 'as'the carrier
revolves the v?nger F’ is actuated and thus the
machine is ‘stopped. When the machine has
been stopped, the bobbin support 3| may be dis
engaged from the spring clip 32 and raised'so
as ‘to clear its vstudiilla, ‘with ‘the bobbin thereon.
from the adjacent supports ‘'31. thus enabling
the operator to remove the empty bobbin and
replace it with a ?lled bobbin. The ‘free end of
the carrier -3l may then be dropped down into
‘its slot in ‘the wall 29a of the carrier and reen
bobbin support being movable independently of
tion: so-‘as to expose its bobbin-receiving element
for the reception or removal of a bobbin.
3. A'bobbin-carrier for braiding machines com
prisingv a frame,‘ a ‘plurality of bobbin supports
carried'iby the-frame, each. support being inde
pendently movableto and from' operative posi
tion; and releasable means normally retaining
each support in: operative position.
4. A bobbinucarrier. for braiding machines com
prisinga frame, a‘ plurality of bobbin supports
each pivotally mounted: in the frame and mov
able. from a bobbin-receiving position to- a nor
mal ‘operative position, and releasable latch
means normally holding each support in the oper 50
ative position.
5. A bobbin carrier for braiding machines
comprising a frame, a plurality of substantially
parallel bobbin-supporting arms each pivotally
mounted‘ in. the frame, a‘ bobbin-receiving stud
projecting laterallyfrom each arm, the several
arms beingvindivid-ually movable" from a normal
operative position-to a bobbin-receiving position,
and releasable‘ means for holding each arm in
normal ‘ operative ‘position.
‘
prising'a frame, a plurality of substantially paral
lel blade-like"bobbin-supporting arms, each piv
otallymounted adjacent to one of its ends so as
to. swing ‘about: a common ‘axis, a bobbin-receiv C 3
ing stud projecting from one side of each arm
intermediate the ends of' the latter, means pro
viding a ‘socket for the free end ‘of each arm when
inoperative position, and releasable means for
retaining eachsuch end in its socket.
'7‘. A bobbin carrier for braiding machines com
gaged with its‘ spring clip v32. The wire‘ from
the bobbin is then let over the corresponding" prising a frame, a plurality of ‘substantially paral
lelbobbin-supporting-arms, each pivotally mount
pulleys 32a and 46 and about pulleys on the cor
responding guide lever‘(not shown) and thence
to the braiding point.
60
6. A bobbin carrier for braiding machines com
e'dladjacent'to one end to swing about a common
axis, each arm having a bobbin-receiving stud
4
2,122,292
and each arm having a recessadjacent to its
free end, and a spring latch engageable with the
recess thereby releasably to Hold the arm in oper
ative position.
In
8. A bobbin carrier for braiding machines
Comprising a frame, a plurality of substantially
parallel blade-like bobbin-supporting arms, each
pivotally mounted adjacent to one end to swing
about a common axis, a support extending trans
versely of said arms and having sockets for the
reception of the free end of each arm, and a
bobbin-receiving stud projecting from. one side
of each arm, the several studs being coaxial and
projecting from corresponding faces of the several
arms.
9. A bobbin carrier for braiding machines com
prising a frame, means for supporting a series of
bobbins in coaxial relation therein, and tension
means for each of the bobbins so supported, said
tension means comprising a rotatable shaft ex
tending substantially parallel to the axes of the
bobbins but spaced from the latter, a series of
resilient tension arms each secured at one end
to the shaft, each such arm having a free end
portion designed to engage the material upon one
of the respective bobbins, and adjusting means
for holding the shaft in predetermined position
thereby to permit the tension to be varied.
10. A bobbin carrier for braiding machines
30 comprising a frame, means for supporting a series
of bobbins in coaxial relation therein, and tension
means for each of the bobbins so supported, said
tension means comprising a rotatable shaft ex
tending substantially parallel to the axis of the
-3 in bobbin but spaced from the latter, a series of re
axes of the bobbins about which said detector
may swing, and a spring normally urging said
detector toward the material upon its respective
bobbin.
14. A braiding carrier for use in a braiding
machine equipped with a stop-motion mecha
nism, said carrier comprising a frame and means
operative to support a series of bobbins in the
frame in coaxial relation, and a strand exhaus 10
tion detector for each individual bobbin, the
said detectors being so constructed and arranged
that each will individually actuate the stop mech
anism upon exhaustion of strand material from
its corresponding bobbin.
15
15. A braiding carrier for use in a braiding
machine equipped with a stop-motion mecha
nism, said carrier comprising a frame and means
operative to support a series of bobbins in the
frame in coaxial relation, and a stop-motion actu-v 20
ating arm mounted on the carrier,’ a series of
coaxial detector levers mounted on the carrier,
one for each bobbin, and an arm-actuating part
engageable by any individual detector lever upon
exhaustion of the material from its respective 25
bobbin thereby to move said arm into stopping
position.
‘
16. A braiding carrier for use in a braiding ma
chine equipped with a stop-motion mechanism,
said carrier comprising a frame and means op 30
erative to support a series of bobbins in the frame
in coaxial relation, a rock shaft mounted in the
carrier substantially parallel to the axes of the
bobbins, a stop-motion actuating arm ?xed to
said shaft, spring means normally holding said 35
silient tension arms each secured at one end vto
the shaft, and pawl and ratchet means for ad
arm in inactive position, a pair of parallel arms
secured to the rock shaft adjacent to opposite
justably holding the shaft in predetermined posi
tion thereby to permit the tension to be adjusted.
ends respectively of the carrier, at contact bar
supported by said parallel arms, and a series of
detector ?ngers mounted to swing about an axis 40
11. A bobbin carrier for braiding machines
comprising a frame, means for supporting a se
ries of bobbins in coaxial relation therein, and
tension means for each of the bobbins so sup
ported, said tension means comprising a rotat
able shaft extending substantially parallel to
the axes of the bobbins but spaced from the lat
ter, a series of tension arms each secured at one
end to the shaft, each said arm comprising a
length of resilient metal doubled to provide two
5 l)
porting means de?ning an axis parallel to the
adjacent substantially parallel portion-s integrally
joined at the free end of the arm, the opposite
end of each of said parallel portions being coiled
like a clock spring, the inner end of each coil
being ?xed to the shaft.
7
12. A bobbin carrier for braiding machines
comprising a frame, means for supporting a se
ries of bobbins in coaxial relation therein, and
tension means for each of the bobbins‘ so sup
ported, said tension means comprising a rotatable
(30 shaft extending substantially parallel to the axis
of
of
to
of
the bobbin but spaced from the latter, a series
resilient tension arms each secured at one end
the shaft, each such arm comprising a length
resilient metal, and a sleeve of yieldable ma
- terial telescoped over the metal forming the arm.
13. A braiding carrier for use in a braiding ma
chine equipped with a stop-motion, mechanism,
said carrier comprising a frame and means oper
ative to support a series of bobbins in the frame in
coaxial relation, and a strand exhaustion detector
for each individual bobbin, each detector com
prising a pivotally supported arm arranged to
have its free extremity normally in contact with
the material upon its respective bobbin, supi
substantially parallel to that of the bobbins, each
detector ?nger normally contacting material
upon a corresponding bobbin, each ?nger, when
freed by exhaustion of said material, moving into
engagement with said contact bar and thereby 45
moving the actuating arm into operative position.
1'7. A bobbin carrier for braiding machines
comprising a frame having inner and outer
walls, and means for supporting a series of bob~
bins in coaxial relation in the frame, and a series 50
of strand guide pulleys‘ each corresponding to
one of the bobbins arranged adjacent to the
outer wall of the frame, each pulley being so de-'
signed as to receive a strand leading from the
corresponding bobbin and to guide said strand 55
over the edge of said outer wall.
18. A bobbin carrier for braiding machines
comprising a frame having inner and outer walls,
and means for supporting a series of bobbins in
coaxial relation in the frame and a series of 60
strand guide pulleys each corresponding to one of
the bobbins arranged adjacent to the outer wall
of the frame, each pulley being so designed as to
receive a strand leading from the corresponding
bobbin and to guide said strand over the edge of
said outer wall, and a second series of guide pul
leys disposed at the outer side of said wall, said
latter pulleys turning in substantially the same
plane and being arranged to receive strands from
the several pulleys of the ?rst set and to deliver 70
the strands in paths substantially parallel to the
outer surface of the outer wall of the carrier.
ANKER PETERSEN.
A
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