Патент USA US2122339код для вставки
June 28, 1938. 2,122,339 o. F.-DOLT BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed July 29, 1936 N 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 § mvsmon ATTORNEYS ' June 28, 1938. I 2,122,339 0. F. DOLT BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed July 29, 1936 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 § Nx . . - . . . _ OftOFDOZémvr-mwon 8’ 186a ATTORNEYS June 28, 1938. 2,122,339 0. F. DOLT BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed July 29, 1956 Ofto 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR ATTORN BY 3 June 28, 1938. 2,122,339 . o. F. DOLT BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed July 29, 1936 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 mw. R‘ \\\\\\\\\\\\ 1. w v 111/012 ‘WWI ‘» mill/1111x711 I21 ATTORNEY3 Patented June 28, 1938 2,122,339 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,122,339 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Otto Frederick Dolt, Louisville, Ky., assignor to ‘ Margaret 0. Bolt, Louisville, Ky. Application July 29, 1936, Serial No. 93,267 2 Claims. (01. 72-1) This invention relates to building construction and has for an object to reduce the cost of build ing construction by the provision of panels and roof sections which may be manufactured com ?at roof of less pitch than the roof shown in Figure 1. Figure 9 is a longitudinal sectional view through a panel. 5 plete by economical standardized shop manufac Figure 10 is a cross sectional view taken on ture and set up on location simultaneously with . the line l0—l0 of Figure 9. the erection of the Walls on the building foun Figure 11 is a detail perspective view of one dation. - of the roof members. A further object of the invention is to produce Referring now to the drawings in which like a masonry brick or other building which will be characters of reference designate similar parts in 10 of insulated and ?re proof construction through the various views, Ill designates the brick walls out and introduces an economical and novel of a one story and attic dwelling, the same being means of obtaining these results, comprising in part, assembling at the factory a series of panels, some blank, some with door jams, some with win dows, some with closets, some with book cases, and so forth, these panels being then set up on the building foundation so as to leave spaces between them which spaces are ?lled with steel 20 reinforced concrete to provide concrete, columns ‘ between adjacent panels. - of conventional construction on a suitable foun dation. Simultaneously with the erection of the walls, panels are set up to provide the interior 15 of the building, these panels being standard units of factory mass production. The panels are formed of suitable ?re proof and insulating material, certain of the panels H being blank, while others are equipped with ?xtures such as a door”, a window [3, a cupboard M, a closet With the above and other objects in view the ' 15, a broom closet l6 and other interior ?xtures. The panels are set up in position with spaces struction and combinations of parts hereinafter between them, which spaces are ?lled with cement _ 25 fully described and claimed, it being understood to provide columns I‘! which look the panels to 25 that various modi?cations may be resorted to gether and receive the load strain of the building. More speci?cally, as best shown in Figure 3, a within the scope of the appended claims without departing from the spirit or sacri?cing any of the standard panel is constructed of parallel walls advantages of the invention. l8 and I9 having grooves to receive transverse 30 In the accompanying drawings forming part of spacers 20 which are tied to the walls by loops 2| this speci?cation, of wire encircling the spacers and looped through Figure 1 is a front elevation of a building with openings 22 in the walls, the ends of the loops portions broken away, to expose the panels, col extending exteriorly of the outer wall and being umns, and roof members constructed in accord twisted together to form locks 23 which are im 03 Q1 ance with the invention. bedded in the wall construction II] as the walls 35 Figure 2 is a horizontal sectional View taken on rise during construction of the building. Between each two adjoining panels a space is the line 2—2 of Figure 1 showing a portion of left into which cement is poured to provide the the floor plan of the building. invention consists of certain novel details of con Figure 3 is a vertical sectional view taken on the line 3—3 of Figure 1 showing the ceiling and roof members. , Figure 4 is a detail perspective view showing the roof members and the stepped projections carried thereby for locking the members to the 45 walls. Figure 5 is a longitudinal sectional view through adjacent panels showing how the panels are locked to each other and locked to the walls. Figure 6 is a detail plan view of intersecting panels at a corner of adjoining rooms prior to pouring the cement column at their intersection. Figure '7 is a longitudinal sectional view of a panel. > Figure 8 is a front elevation of a modi?ed form 55 of roof member for. constructing a comparatively columns ll, there being tie wires 24 disposed in ‘the spaces and passed through confronting spacers 20 to hold the panels aligned with each other while the cement is being poured. Rein forcing steel rods 25 are built into the cement column as is conventional and also corrugated metal lock strips 26 are built into the columns to be imbedded in the walls Ill. The strips 26 lock the columns to the walls while the tie rods 24 lock the columns to the panels. The roof members 21 each comprise diverging solid integral cement or like plates 28‘ and 29 the 50 former constituting the roof proper and being lapped over the similar plates of adjoining sec tions, as shown in Figure 1, and the latter con stituting the purlins. Steel rods 30 may be im bedded in the roof members. 55 2 I ‘ ' 2,122,339 As best shown in Figure 4 the roof members‘ have stepped integral locking lugs 3| projecting outwardly from each end 32 and the bricks 33 of the brick wall are built upon these stepped lugs to lock the roof members to the Walls. As best shown in Figure 11 each roof member is pro vided at intervals with triangular webs 34 which are received in notches 35 formed in the next up permost course of roof members, as shown in Fig ure 1 to look all of the roof members together as a unit. The roof members at the peak may be butted together and a V-shaped metal cap piece 36 may be placed astride the intersection of these roof members and ?rmly ?xed thereto in any 15 preferred manner to key these members together. As shown in Figure 6 intersecting panels at a corner of adjoining rooms may bebutted end to end with a space3'l left between them. A tie wire 38 may be passed through this space and through the spacers 20 of aligned panels to hold the panels associated while the cement is being poured in the space to form the load supporting column. It is also shown in this ?gure, as well as. in Figure 5, that the room face of each wall 25 of the panel is plastered, as shown at 39, and this may be done at the factory or on location as preferred. ' In Figure 7 there is shown,a modi?ed form of panel in which a longitudinally extending web 40, and a transverse web 4|, is built into the panel to reinforce and strengthen the panel to resist severe conditions of service. In Figure 8 there is shown a modi?ed form of roof member~in which the purlins 42 are formed 35 integral with a horizontal load supporting truss 43 and these purlins are also formed integral with a single piece roof member 44 having a gentle pitch. R/oof members of this type are suitable for comparatively ?at roof building construction. 40 As shown in Figures 9 and 10 the walls 45 of the panel may be formed of insulating material From the above description it will be apparent that the provision of the novel panels, roof mem bers, and the process of assembling and locking the same together as above outlined, produces a quick economical method of building construc tion in which the entire interior may be set up as the walls of the building are being built thus promoting economy of time, eliminating waste in construction, and producing a substantially ?re proof insulated building. ‘ 1. In building construction, knock-down struc tural panels adapted to be arranged to form sup porting upright and. horizontal beams, compris ing parallel molded walls, integral transverse 15 spacers reinforcing the walls, certain of the spac ers being in the form of blocks disposed adjacent to the ends of the walls, said walls being adapted to be set up on the building foundation so as to leave spaces between them with said blocks dis 20 posedv parallel in position to coact with the ends of the walls in forming molds in which concrete may be poured to form supporting upright and. horizontal beams, tie wires passed through the walls parallel with the spacers and having twisted ends adapted to form mortar locks, and a plaster coating on the outer face of one wall of each panel. 2. In building construction, knock-down panels adapted to form supporting upright and horizon tal beams, wall and ceiling knock-down panels each comprising parallel walls and spacers be tween the walls, certain of the panels being adapted to be assembled to be laid at a right angle to certain others of the panels to form respec 35 tively a floor and a wall, said panels having open ends, I-beams closing the open ends of the horizontally laid panels and supporting the panels in aligned position, channel beams supported upon the upper ends of the vertically disposed" v40 panels and closing the outer ends of the horizon tally laid panels, and cement poured outside of and longitudinal and transverse spacers 46 may ‘be formed of the same material. The wires 41 vsaid channel beams into the upper ends of the are passed around ‘the spacers and through the vertically disposed panels. walls to anchor the parts together. 10 What is claimed is: ' I O'I'I'O FREDERICK DOLT.