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Патент USA US2122339

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June 28, 1938.
o. F.-DOLT
Filed July 29, 1936
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
June 28, 1938. I
0. F. DOLT
Filed July 29, 1936
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
§ Nx
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June 28, 1938.
0. F. DOLT
Filed July 29, 1956
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
June 28, 1938.
. o. F. DOLT
Filed July 29, 1936
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
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‘» mill/1111x711 I21
Patented June 28, 1938
Otto Frederick Dolt, Louisville, Ky., assignor to
‘ Margaret 0. Bolt, Louisville, Ky.
Application July 29, 1936, Serial No. 93,267
2 Claims. (01. 72-1)
This invention relates to building construction
and has for an object to reduce the cost of build
ing construction by the provision of panels and
roof sections which may be manufactured com
?at roof of less pitch than the roof shown in
Figure 1.
Figure 9 is a longitudinal sectional view
through a panel.
5 plete by economical standardized shop manufac
Figure 10 is a cross sectional view taken on
ture and set up on location simultaneously with . the line l0—l0 of Figure 9.
the erection of the Walls on the building foun
Figure 11 is a detail perspective view of one
- of the roof members.
A further object of the invention is to produce
Referring now to the drawings in which like
a masonry brick or other building which will be characters of reference designate similar parts in 10
of insulated and ?re proof construction through
the various views, Ill designates the brick walls
out and introduces an economical and novel of a one story and attic dwelling, the same being
means of obtaining these results, comprising in
part, assembling at the factory a series of panels,
some blank, some with door jams, some with win
dows, some with closets, some with book cases,
and so forth, these panels being then set up on
the building foundation so as to leave spaces
between them which spaces are ?lled with steel
20 reinforced concrete to provide concrete, columns
‘ between adjacent panels.
- of conventional construction on a suitable foun
dation. Simultaneously with the erection of the
walls, panels are set up to provide the interior 15
of the building, these panels being standard
units of factory mass production. The panels
are formed of suitable ?re proof and insulating
material, certain of the panels H being blank,
while others are equipped with ?xtures such as
a door”, a window [3, a cupboard M, a closet
With the above and other objects in view the ' 15, a broom closet l6 and other interior ?xtures.
The panels are set up in position with spaces
struction and combinations of parts hereinafter between them, which spaces are ?lled with cement _
25 fully described and claimed, it being understood to provide columns I‘! which look the panels to 25
that various modi?cations may be resorted to gether and receive the load strain of the building.
More speci?cally, as best shown in Figure 3, a
within the scope of the appended claims without
departing from the spirit or sacri?cing any of the standard panel is constructed of parallel walls
advantages of the invention.
l8 and I9 having grooves to receive transverse
In the accompanying drawings forming part of spacers 20 which are tied to the walls by loops 2|
this speci?cation,
of wire encircling the spacers and looped through
Figure 1 is a front elevation of a building with openings 22 in the walls, the ends of the loops
portions broken away, to expose the panels, col
extending exteriorly of the outer wall and being
umns, and roof members constructed in accord
twisted together to form locks 23 which are im
03 Q1 ance with the invention.
bedded in the wall construction II] as the walls 35
Figure 2 is a horizontal sectional View taken on rise during construction of the building.
Between each two adjoining panels a space is
the line 2—2 of Figure 1 showing a portion of
left into which cement is poured to provide the
the floor plan of the building.
invention consists of certain novel details of con
Figure 3 is a vertical sectional view taken on
the line 3—3 of Figure 1 showing the ceiling and
roof members.
Figure 4 is a detail perspective view showing
the roof members and the stepped projections
carried thereby for locking the members to the
Figure 5 is a longitudinal sectional view through
adjacent panels showing how the panels are
locked to each other and locked to the walls.
Figure 6 is a detail plan view of intersecting
panels at a corner of adjoining rooms prior to
pouring the cement column at their intersection.
Figure '7 is a longitudinal sectional view of a
Figure 8 is a front elevation of a modi?ed form
55 of roof member for. constructing a comparatively
columns ll, there being tie wires 24 disposed
in ‘the spaces and passed through confronting
spacers 20 to hold the panels aligned with each
other while the cement is being poured. Rein
forcing steel rods 25 are built into the cement
column as is conventional and also corrugated
metal lock strips 26 are built into the columns
to be imbedded in the walls Ill. The strips 26
lock the columns to the walls while the tie rods
24 lock the columns to the panels.
The roof members 21 each comprise diverging
solid integral cement or like plates 28‘ and 29 the 50
former constituting the roof proper and being
lapped over the similar plates of adjoining sec
tions, as shown in Figure 1, and the latter con
stituting the purlins. Steel rods 30 may be im
bedded in the roof members.
As best shown in Figure 4 the roof members‘
have stepped integral locking lugs 3| projecting
outwardly from each end 32 and the bricks 33 of
the brick wall are built upon these stepped lugs
to lock the roof members to the Walls. As best
shown in Figure 11 each roof member is pro
vided at intervals with triangular webs 34 which
are received in notches 35 formed in the next up
permost course of roof members, as shown in Fig
ure 1 to look all of the roof members together as
a unit. The roof members at the peak may be
butted together and a V-shaped metal cap piece
36 may be placed astride the intersection of these
roof members and ?rmly ?xed thereto in any
15 preferred manner to key these members together.
As shown in Figure 6 intersecting panels at a
corner of adjoining rooms may bebutted end to
end with a space3'l left between them. A tie
wire 38 may be passed through this space and
through the spacers 20 of aligned panels to hold
the panels associated while the cement is being
poured in the space to form the load supporting
column. It is also shown in this ?gure, as well
as. in Figure 5, that the room face of each wall
25 of the panel is plastered, as shown at 39, and this
may be done at the factory or on location as
In Figure 7 there is shown,a modi?ed form of
panel in which a longitudinally extending web 40,
and a transverse web 4|, is built into the panel
to reinforce and strengthen the panel to resist
severe conditions of service.
In Figure 8 there is shown a modi?ed form of
roof member~in which the purlins 42 are formed
35 integral with a horizontal load supporting truss
43 and these purlins are also formed integral with
a single piece roof member 44 having a gentle
R/oof members of this type are suitable for
comparatively ?at roof building construction.
As shown in Figures 9 and 10 the walls 45 of
the panel may be formed of insulating material
From the above description it will be apparent
that the provision of the novel panels, roof mem
bers, and the process of assembling and locking
the same together as above outlined, produces a
quick economical method of building construc
tion in which the entire interior may be set up
as the walls of the building are being built thus
promoting economy of time, eliminating waste
in construction, and producing a substantially
?re proof insulated building.
‘ 1. In building construction, knock-down struc
tural panels adapted to be arranged to form sup
porting upright and. horizontal beams, compris
ing parallel molded walls, integral transverse 15
spacers reinforcing the walls, certain of the spac
ers being in the form of blocks disposed adjacent
to the ends of the walls, said walls being adapted
to be set up on the building foundation so as to
leave spaces between them with said blocks dis 20
posedv parallel in position to coact with the ends
of the walls in forming molds in which concrete
may be poured to form supporting upright and.
horizontal beams, tie wires passed through the
walls parallel with the spacers and having twisted
ends adapted to form mortar locks, and a plaster
coating on the outer face of one wall of each
2. In building construction, knock-down panels
adapted to form supporting upright and horizon
tal beams, wall and ceiling knock-down panels
each comprising parallel walls and spacers be
tween the walls, certain of the panels being
adapted to be assembled to be laid at a right angle
to certain others of the panels to form respec 35
tively a floor and a wall, said panels having
open ends, I-beams closing the open ends of the
horizontally laid panels and supporting the panels
in aligned position, channel beams supported
upon the upper ends of the vertically disposed" v40
panels and closing the outer ends of the horizon
tally laid panels, and cement poured outside of
and longitudinal and transverse spacers 46 may
‘be formed of the same material. The wires 41 vsaid channel beams into the upper ends of the
are passed around ‘the spacers and through the vertically disposed panels.
walls to anchor the parts together.
What is claimed is:
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