Патент USA US2122441код для вставки
July s, `193s. S. SEGAL 2,122,44 1 FASTENING DEVICE Filed ‘June 10, 1957 ATTORNEY 2,122,441l Patented July 5, `1938 ' m1111113„s'rirriezsl PATENT OFFICE rss'rsmna Davies Samuel Segal, Brooklyn, N. Y., asslgnor of twen- ' ty-ñve percent to Charles Palmer, Washing , ton, D. C., twenty-five percent to Harry Model, and twenty-five percent to um schw-ut», both of New Y0l'k, N. Y Application June 10, 1937,86@ N0. 147,401 6Claims. (Cl. 244W) The present invention deals with a fastening device of the type having a plurality of spaced tening device according to my invention, show ing a plurality o_f runners thereof widely spaced .runners fastened to an.intermediate1y disposed apart and the ribbon on which theyl are secured ’ flexible ribbon-forming settable closure means closing the gap formed by the beaded edges of for a gap in wearing apparel comprising beaded runners. the spaced_ tapes or braids slidably guiding . the edges slidably guiding the runners and although ' the invention is particularly applicable to wear _ Fig. 2 is a fragmentary plan view of Fig. 1 however illustrating the runners shifted to one ing apparel in its broadest aspect it is. not lim ited in this respect. In the prior art fastening end of the spaced beaded tapes .whereby the lat devices of the type referred to, the runners there ter may be readily diverged. 3 isa sectional view on the line 3_3 of of as far as I am aware were fastened to a flex-V ible ribbon by tacks or the like havingv their Shanks projected through the ribbonA and run ners while the heads of the tacks were of a suf ñcient diameter to engagea greater portion of the width of the ribbon and in actual practice .at times the heads of the tacks were exposed to the‘surface of the skin of the user or adja cent to the undergarment of the latter. Where Fig. ‘ 10 .I Fig. 4 is a side view of Fig. 2 showing the rib-bon in a folded or looped relation. \ Fig. 51s a sectional view on'the line 5-5 of 15 Fig. l. - ~ » , Fig. 6 is a perspective view of one of the run ners shown in Figs. 1-5 inclusive. _ Fig. ’I illustrates in perspective the manner in the heads are exposed to 'thé skin, chafing or which the ribbon is folded upon insertion in 20 irritation would takeplaceand if adjacent to the a runner, and» the pin utilised in `connection undergarment the latter is caught therein in the >therewith for anchoring the folded portion. Fig'. 8 is a fragmentary side Vview of another event there be clearance between a head and a respective runner and thus the latter Vis locked form of fastening device with one of the beaded tapes removed for purposes of clearness. ` 25 and prevented from sliding. Also in actual prac tice, the shank of a tack at times becomes dis associated from its runner through ’uncontrol lable causes and consequently falls towards the body of the user subjecting the latter to danger and infection due to scratching of the skin in lcases where no undergarment is adjacent a run Fig. 9 is a sectionalÍ view on the line 9_9 of fig; 8, however illustrating both of the beaded apes. ' ' Fig. 10 is a sectional view on the line Iii-_ill of Fig. 9. ’ 30 Fig. 10‘ Àis an end view of one of the runners ' according to the invention of the ,type shown either in Fig. 6` or Fig. 11. ner attached to. the intermedially disposed rib bon. The present invention has as its dominant object to overcome the disadvantage referredto in providing an improved and serviceable fas type shown in Figs. 8`-I0 inclusive.' tening device comprising a plurality of slidably guided runners' each having- means for thread Fig. 12 illustrates a side view of another form 35 of anchoring means for the runners of the type Fig. 11 is a perspective view of a runner of the shown in Figpll. ' ably receiving a portion of their common ilexi Fig. 13 is a sectional 'view on the line I3-I3 ble ribbon anchored by simplified means inac- " 4 cessibie to the surface of the skin of the user, of Fig. 12. Fig. 14 is a sectional view on the _line M-Il thus eliminating the possible danger of scratch Í À ing, irritation or infection of the skin, and in of Fig. 13. case where the improved fastening device is d_is posed adjacent an undergarment, the anchoring Ul means is adequately spaced from the undergar ment to prevent interlocking therewith to insure proper sliding -action of the several runners. Other objects, advantages, and features of the invention are in part obvious and in part here Fig. 15 illustrates a fragmentary plan view of another form of fastening device and Fig. 16 is a sectional view taken on .the line 45 iG-JIS of Fig. 15. , ' Illustrative of the several forms disclosed, the fastening device generally denoted A comprises `spaced tapes or braids I0 each 'provided with a inafter more particularly pointed out and for a ' suitable beaded edge Il. These tapes are of 50 ñexible material and if desired may be of a suit , clearer understanding of the invention, atten _ tionis directed to the following description in able cloth or leather. The beaded edges may be connection with the accompanying drawing in which: - . » ` Fig. 1 is a fragmentary plan view of the fas formed in any well known manner. For closing the gap defined by the beaded edges Il, a suitable ñexible ribbon I2 is provided. This 56 2 , 2,122,441 ribbon carries a' plurality of runners or blocks I4 and according to Figs. 6 and -15 each comprises spaced longitudinal grooves I5 each terminating in a marginal relatively narrow slot I6. Each of these blocks is also providedwith a relatively large slot I'I extending along the width of a re spective block and terminating in a communi these are threaded into and interlocked with the transverse slots I1 of the several runners I4 of the type shown in Figs. 1-5 inclusive to anchor such runners to the ribbon I 2 which is sewed by stitch ing 25 to a wider ribbon 24 to be arranged in bac of the beaded edges II. . . ' It is therefore apparent that with the several cating relatively narrow slot ` I8. forms disclosed the anchoring members for at According to the invention the several runners taching the several runners to the closure ribbon 10 I4 are each secured to the flexible ribbon I2 by, are disposed within the runners and therefore 10 first threading the latter ‘to be arranged in the . are inaccessible to an undergarment to be caught opening defined by a pair of companion slots I‘I by the latter and are widely spaced from the body and I8 as shown and subsequently anchoring of the wearer to prevent scratching or cutting of each loop portion or bead I9 formed by a pointed the skin in thev event no undergarment is used. 15 pin 20 which frictionally holds the loop I9 in slot In the several forms disclosed the runners are 15 I'I. For example in Figs. 1-6 inclusive, the vfold or iirst anchored in spaced relation to the flexible loop I9 may be made by any suitable means. closure ribbon I2 after which correspondingl tei' However after it is inserted into a runner as de, scribed the pin 20 is forced into the eye of the 20 loop I9 to anchor the runner to the tape while the minals of the beaded edges II are thinned or re duced slightly in size (see Fig. 101) whereby these terminals may be readily insertable in the open ings formed by grooves and slots I5 and I6 to portion of the ribbon adjacent the anchored loop projects through slot I8 and extends along the _ facilitate threading of the runners on the beaded interrupted bottom face 2I of the runner. Hence edges, and it will be appreciated that in the forms ‘by the present arrangement the anchoring mem- y shownin Figs. 8-11 inclusive the beaded edges 25 ber 20 is secured within the runner and is spaced of the tapes also cooperate to prevent lateral dis from the body of extendible and contractible part placement of the anchoring pins 29 which are Y of the ribbon I2. prevented from falling out by the narrow slots In actual practice, tapes I0 of a fastening de I8 through which portions of the ribbon adjacent vice are fastened to opposite sides of an opening the loops I9 are threaded,_ and incase of the 30 in wearing apparel, pocketbooks, suit cases, etc. forms illustrated in Figs. 12 to 16 where no 30 Thereafter the several runners are slidably anchoring pin is used, the beads or loops I9 or 23 threaded on to the beads II in such fashion that the ribbon I2 is arranged at the rear of the beads. To close the gap between the beaded edges, an 35 end runner of the plurality is graspedY and moved _ towards one end of the fastening device. During movement the grasped runner acts to shift the next adjacent runner and thelatter actuates its adjacent runner until the several runners are in 40 theposi'tion illustrated in Figs. 2 and 4 at which time it will be noted that the ribbon I2 has been considerably shortened or contractedforming the folds 22. With the runners in the position shown , in Figs. 2 and 4, the tapes l0 may be Widely sepa 45 rated. Where it is desired to close the gap between beaded edges I I, the end runner is slidably moved are falso held interlocked with and crimped in the _ slots I'I by the beaded edges II, see for example Fig. 14. ' As many changes could be made in the above construction and many widely different species or structural embodiments of the invention could be devised without departing from the scope thereof, it is intended that all matter herein before described in ‘the speciñcation and illus 40 trated in the accompanying drawing shall be in terpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense. I claimz- ' 1. In a fastener comprising spaced tapes hav ing beaded edges deñning an elongated gap, a plurality of runners each including grooves hav until the several runners are widely spaced apart ing walls slidably guided by said edges and as shown in Fig. l and in such relation the body ' lengthwise of said gap and each including a slot 50 of the'ribbon except for loops I9 are substantially extending widthwise of said gap, a foldable and 50 in a rectilinear plane and adjacent to the rear flexible ribbon shiftable lengthwise of said gap faces 2I of the runners. and disposed at the rear of said edges and com Except for the fact that the slots I'I are slightly prising a plurality of loops extending widthwise -larger and intersect and communicate with the of said ribbon and disposed in said slots, and pin ~ spaced grooves I5 and marginal slots I6, the fas means disposedfwithin said runners for securing tening device illustrated- in Figs. 8-’11 inclusive is identical in construction to the form shown in said loops to said runners. ' 2. In a fastener comprising spaced tapes hav Figs. 1-7 inclusive. In Figs. 8-411, however, beads ing beaded edges defining an elongated gap, a II also cooperate with anchoring member 20 to .plurality lof spaced runners shiftable lengthwise 60 hold the latter within loops I9 of the interlocked of said gap and slidably guided by said edges and 60 ribbon I2 in place even though portions of the latter are compressed slightly and if desired and as shown the anchoring pin need not be pointed and is considerably shorter than the anchoring 65 pin shown in Figs. l-5 inclusive. In the form according to Figs. 12-14 inclusive, each runner I4 is along the lines of the runner each including a slot extending widthwise of said gap, a i‘lexibleribbon shiftable lengthwise of said gap and disposed at the rear of said edges and having a plurality of spaced loops disposed within said slots, and pin means Within said runners and 65 cooperating with said loops for securing said run ners to said ribbon. , _ shown -in Fig. 1l, but in Figs'. 12-14, the anchoring 3. In a fastener comprising spaced tapes hav pin 20 is eliminated, and a vrelatively enlargedr` ing beaded'edges defining an elongated gap, a.v 70 loop or bead I9 of the ribbon I2 is compressibly plurality of spaced runners each having grooved 70 retained in and interlocked with the walls of slot sides slidably guided by said edges and length rI'I by the beaded edges II of tapes I0'. With the form according to Figs. 15 and 16, wise of said gap and each including a slot dis posed widthwise of said gap, a ñexible ribbon dis posed lengthwise of said gap and at .the rear of the ribbon I2 is provided with spaced beads or 76 loops 23 extending' along thewidth thereof and said edges and having a plurality of spaced loops 75 i \ l >3 2,122,441 extending widthwise of said ribbon and disposed in said slots, and pin means disposed within said runners and spaced from front and rear faces thereof and cooperating with said loops for hold ing said runners to said ribbon. 4. In a fastener comprising spaced tapes hav ing beaded edges defining an elongated gap, a plurality of spaced runners each having side grooves slidably guided by saidv edges and length~ 10 wise of said gap and each including a slot dis p'osed widthwise thereof, a closure for said gap comprising a flexible and foldable elongated rib bon having a plurality of spaced loops disposed widthwise thereof and arranged in said slots, and pin means within said runners and within said loops for securing said runners to said ribbon. 5. In a fastener comprising spaced tapes hav ing beaded edges deñning an elongated gap, a plurality of runners having spaced grooves slid ably guided by said edges longitudinally of said gap and each including a slot extending width wise thereof, a closure for said gap comprising an elongated‘fiexible ribbon having a plurality of spaced loops each extending widthwise of said » ribbon and disposed Within said slots, and pin means wholly within said runners and cooperat ing with said loops for lsecuring said runners to said ribbon. 6. In a fastener comprising spaced tapes hav ing beaded edges deñning anvelongated gap, a plurality of runners having spaced sides slidably guided by said edges longitudinally of said gap and eachincluding a, slot extending widthwise of said gap, and an elongated closure for said gap comprising a flexible ribbon` having a- plurality 16 of said loops extending widthwise of said ribbon and interlocking with the walls of said slots for " holding said runners to said ribbon. SAMUEL SEGAL.