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Патент USA US2122441

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July s, `193s.
S. SEGAL
2,122,44 1
FASTENING DEVICE
Filed ‘June 10, 1957
ATTORNEY
2,122,441l
Patented July 5, `1938
' m1111113„s'rirriezsl PATENT OFFICE
rss'rsmna Davies
Samuel Segal, Brooklyn, N. Y., asslgnor of twen- '
ty-ñve percent to Charles Palmer, Washing
, ton, D. C., twenty-five percent to Harry Model,
and twenty-five percent to um schw-ut»,
both of New Y0l'k, N. Y
Application June 10, 1937,86@ N0. 147,401
6Claims. (Cl. 244W)
The present invention deals with a fastening
device of the type having a plurality of spaced
tening device according to my invention, show
ing a plurality o_f runners thereof widely spaced
.runners fastened to an.intermediate1y disposed apart and the ribbon on which theyl are secured ’
flexible ribbon-forming settable closure means closing the gap formed by the beaded edges of
for a gap in wearing apparel comprising beaded runners.
the spaced_ tapes or braids slidably guiding . the
edges slidably guiding the runners and although
' the invention is particularly applicable to wear
_ Fig. 2 is a fragmentary plan view of Fig. 1
however illustrating the runners shifted to one
ing apparel in its broadest aspect it is. not lim
ited in this respect. In the prior art fastening
end of the spaced beaded tapes .whereby the lat
devices of the type referred to, the runners there
ter may be readily diverged.
3 isa sectional view on the line 3_3 of
of as far as I am aware were fastened to a flex-V
ible ribbon by tacks or the like havingv their
Shanks projected through the ribbonA and run
ners while the heads of the tacks were of a suf
ñcient diameter to engagea greater portion of
the width of the ribbon and in actual practice
.at times the heads of the tacks were exposed
to the‘surface of the skin of the user or adja
cent to the undergarment of the latter. Where
Fig.
‘ 10
.I
Fig. 4 is a side view of Fig. 2 showing the rib-bon in a folded or looped relation.
\
Fig. 51s a sectional view on'the line 5-5 of 15
Fig.
l.
-
~
»
, Fig. 6 is a perspective view of one of the run
ners shown in Figs. 1-5 inclusive.
_ Fig. ’I illustrates in perspective the manner in
the heads are exposed to 'thé skin, chafing or which the ribbon is folded upon insertion in 20
irritation would takeplaceand if adjacent to the a runner, and» the pin utilised in `connection
undergarment the latter is caught therein in the >therewith for anchoring the folded portion.
Fig'. 8 is a fragmentary side Vview of another
event there be clearance between a head and a
respective runner and thus the latter Vis locked form of fastening device with one of the beaded
tapes removed for purposes of clearness.
` 25
and prevented from sliding. Also in actual prac
tice, the shank of a tack at times becomes dis
associated from its runner through ’uncontrol
lable causes and consequently falls towards the
body of the user subjecting the latter to danger
and infection due to scratching of the skin in
lcases where no undergarment is adjacent a run
Fig. 9 is a sectionalÍ view on the line 9_9 of
fig; 8, however illustrating both of the beaded
apes.
'
'
Fig. 10 is a sectional view on the line Iii-_ill
of Fig. 9.
’
30
Fig. 10‘ Àis an end view of one of the runners '
according to the invention of the ,type shown
either in Fig. 6` or Fig. 11.
ner attached to. the intermedially disposed rib
bon. The present invention has as its dominant
object to overcome the disadvantage referredto
in providing an improved and serviceable fas
type shown in Figs. 8`-I0 inclusive.'
tening device comprising a plurality of slidably
guided runners' each having- means for thread
Fig. 12 illustrates a side view of another form 35
of anchoring means for the runners of the type
Fig. 11 is a perspective view of a runner of the
shown in Figpll.
'
ably receiving a portion of their common ilexi
Fig. 13 is a sectional 'view on the line I3-I3
ble ribbon anchored by simplified means inac- "
4
cessibie to the surface of the skin of the user, of Fig. 12.
Fig. 14 is a sectional view on the _line M-Il
thus eliminating the possible danger of scratch
Í
À
ing, irritation or infection of the skin, and in of Fig. 13.
case where the improved fastening device is d_is
posed adjacent an undergarment, the anchoring
Ul means is adequately spaced from the undergar
ment to prevent interlocking therewith to insure
proper sliding -action of the several runners.
Other objects, advantages, and features of the
invention are in part obvious and in part here
Fig. 15 illustrates a fragmentary plan view of
another form of fastening device and
Fig. 16 is a sectional view taken on .the line 45
iG-JIS of Fig. 15.
,
'
Illustrative of the several forms disclosed, the
fastening device generally denoted A comprises
`spaced tapes or braids I0 each 'provided with a
inafter more particularly pointed out and for a ' suitable beaded edge Il. These tapes are of 50
ñexible material and if desired may be of a suit
, clearer understanding of the invention, atten
_ tionis directed to the following description in able cloth or leather. The beaded edges may be
connection with the accompanying drawing in
which:
-
.
»
`
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary plan view of the fas
formed in any well known manner.
For closing the gap defined by the beaded edges
Il, a suitable ñexible ribbon I2 is provided. This 56
2
,
2,122,441
ribbon carries a' plurality of runners or blocks I4
and according to Figs. 6 and -15 each comprises
spaced longitudinal grooves I5 each terminating
in a marginal relatively narrow slot I6. Each of
these blocks is also providedwith a relatively
large slot I'I extending along the width of a re
spective block and terminating in a communi
these are threaded into and interlocked with the
transverse slots I1 of the several runners I4 of the
type shown in Figs. 1-5 inclusive to anchor such
runners to the ribbon I 2 which is sewed by stitch
ing 25 to a wider ribbon 24 to be arranged in bac
of the beaded edges II.
.
.
'
It is therefore apparent that with the several
cating relatively narrow slot ` I8.
forms disclosed the anchoring members for at
According to the invention the several runners taching the several runners to the closure ribbon
10 I4 are each secured to the flexible ribbon I2 by, are disposed within the runners and therefore 10
first threading the latter ‘to be arranged in the . are inaccessible to an undergarment to be caught
opening defined by a pair of companion slots I‘I by the latter and are widely spaced from the body
and I8 as shown and subsequently anchoring of the wearer to prevent scratching or cutting of
each loop portion or bead I9 formed by a pointed the skin in thev event no undergarment is used.
15 pin 20 which frictionally holds the loop I9 in slot
In the several forms disclosed the runners are 15
I'I. For example in Figs. 1-6 inclusive, the vfold or iirst anchored in spaced relation to the flexible
loop I9 may be made by any suitable means. closure ribbon I2 after which correspondingl tei'
However after it is inserted into a runner as de,
scribed the pin 20 is forced into the eye of the
20 loop I9 to anchor the runner to the tape while the
minals of the beaded edges II are thinned or re
duced slightly in size (see Fig. 101) whereby these
terminals may be readily insertable in the open
ings formed by grooves and slots I5 and I6 to
portion of the ribbon adjacent the anchored loop
projects through slot I8 and extends along the _ facilitate threading of the runners on the beaded
interrupted bottom face 2I of the runner. Hence edges, and it will be appreciated that in the forms
‘by the present arrangement the anchoring mem- y shownin Figs. 8-11 inclusive the beaded edges
25 ber 20 is secured within the runner and is spaced of the tapes also cooperate to prevent lateral dis
from the body of extendible and contractible part placement of the anchoring pins 29 which are
Y of the ribbon I2.
prevented from falling out by the narrow slots
In actual practice, tapes I0 of a fastening de
I8 through which portions of the ribbon adjacent
vice are fastened to opposite sides of an opening the loops I9 are threaded,_ and incase of the
30 in wearing apparel, pocketbooks, suit cases, etc. forms illustrated in Figs. 12 to 16 where no 30
Thereafter the several runners are slidably anchoring pin is used, the beads or loops I9 or 23
threaded on to the beads II in such fashion that
the ribbon I2 is arranged at the rear of the beads.
To close the gap between the beaded edges, an
35 end runner of the plurality is graspedY and moved
_ towards one end of the fastening device.
During
movement the grasped runner acts to shift the
next adjacent runner and thelatter actuates its
adjacent runner until the several runners are in
40 theposi'tion illustrated in Figs. 2 and 4 at which
time it will be noted that the ribbon I2 has been
considerably shortened or contractedforming the
folds 22. With the runners in the position shown
, in Figs. 2 and 4, the tapes l0 may be Widely sepa
45 rated.
Where it is desired to close the gap between
beaded edges I I, the end runner is slidably moved
are falso held interlocked with and crimped in the _
slots I'I by the beaded edges II, see for example
Fig. 14.
'
As many changes could be made in the above
construction and many widely different species
or structural embodiments of the invention could
be devised without departing from the scope
thereof, it is intended that all matter herein
before described in ‘the speciñcation and illus
40
trated in the accompanying drawing shall be in
terpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting
sense.
I claimz-
'
1. In a fastener comprising spaced tapes hav
ing beaded edges deñning an elongated gap, a
plurality of runners each including grooves hav
until the several runners are widely spaced apart ing walls slidably guided by said edges and
as shown in Fig. l and in such relation the body ' lengthwise of said gap and each including a slot
50 of the'ribbon except for loops I9 are substantially
extending widthwise of said gap, a foldable and 50
in a rectilinear plane and adjacent to the rear flexible ribbon shiftable lengthwise of said gap
faces 2I of the runners.
and disposed at the rear of said edges and com
Except for the fact that the slots I'I are slightly prising a plurality of loops extending widthwise
-larger and intersect and communicate with the of said ribbon and disposed in said slots, and pin
~ spaced grooves I5 and marginal slots I6, the fas
means disposedfwithin said runners for securing
tening device illustrated- in Figs. 8-’11 inclusive is
identical in construction to the form shown in
said loops to said runners.
' 2. In a fastener comprising spaced tapes hav
Figs. 1-7 inclusive. In Figs. 8-411, however, beads ing beaded edges defining an elongated gap, a
II also cooperate with anchoring member 20 to .plurality lof spaced runners shiftable lengthwise
60 hold the latter within loops I9 of the interlocked of said gap and slidably guided by said edges and 60
ribbon I2 in place even though portions of the
latter are compressed slightly and if desired and
as shown the anchoring pin need not be pointed
and is considerably shorter than the anchoring
65 pin shown in Figs. l-5 inclusive.
In the form according to Figs. 12-14 inclusive,
each runner I4 is along the lines of the runner
each including a slot extending widthwise of said
gap, a i‘lexibleribbon shiftable lengthwise of said
gap and disposed at the rear of said edges and
having a plurality of spaced loops disposed within
said slots, and pin means Within said runners and 65
cooperating with said loops for securing said run
ners to said ribbon.
,
_
shown -in Fig. 1l, but in Figs'. 12-14, the anchoring
3. In a fastener comprising spaced tapes hav
pin 20 is eliminated, and a vrelatively enlargedr` ing beaded'edges defining an elongated gap, a.v
70 loop or bead I9 of the ribbon I2 is compressibly plurality of spaced runners each having grooved 70
retained in and interlocked with the walls of slot
sides slidably guided by said edges and length
rI'I by the beaded edges II of tapes I0'.
With the form according to Figs. 15 and 16,
wise of said gap and each including a slot dis
posed widthwise of said gap, a ñexible ribbon dis
posed lengthwise of said gap and at .the rear of
the ribbon I2 is provided with spaced beads or
76 loops 23 extending' along thewidth thereof and
said edges and having a plurality of spaced loops 75
i
\
l
>3
2,122,441
extending widthwise of said ribbon and disposed
in said slots, and pin means disposed within said
runners and spaced from front and rear faces
thereof and cooperating with said loops for hold
ing said runners to said ribbon.
4. In a fastener comprising spaced tapes hav
ing beaded edges defining an elongated gap, a
plurality of spaced runners each having side
grooves slidably guided by saidv edges and length~
10 wise of said gap and each including a slot dis
p'osed widthwise thereof, a closure for said gap
comprising a flexible and foldable elongated rib
bon having a plurality of spaced loops disposed
widthwise thereof and arranged in said slots, and
pin means within said runners and within said
loops for securing said runners to said ribbon.
5. In a fastener comprising spaced tapes hav
ing beaded edges deñning an elongated gap, a
plurality of runners having spaced grooves slid
ably guided by said edges longitudinally of said
gap and each including a slot extending width
wise thereof, a closure for said gap comprising
an elongated‘fiexible ribbon having a plurality of
spaced loops each extending widthwise of said »
ribbon and disposed Within said slots, and pin
means wholly within said runners and cooperat
ing with said loops for lsecuring said runners to
said ribbon.
6. In a fastener comprising spaced tapes hav
ing beaded edges deñning anvelongated gap, a
plurality of runners having spaced sides slidably
guided by said edges longitudinally of said gap
and eachincluding a, slot extending widthwise of
said gap, and an elongated closure for said gap
comprising a flexible ribbon` having a- plurality 16
of said loops extending widthwise of said ribbon
and interlocking with the walls of said slots for "
holding said runners to said ribbon.
SAMUEL SEGAL.
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