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Патент USA US2122461

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July 5, 1938.
C. FISCHER
2,122,461
GOGGLES
Filed Feb. 25, 1937
INVENTQR
«
Char/es F/scher
ATTORNEY
Patented July 5, 1938
«
2,122,461
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,122,461
GOGGLES
Charles Fischer, New York, N. Y.
Application February 25, 1937, Serial No. 127,590
4 Claims.
The invention relates to improvements in
goggles and has particularly to do with that type
of goggles used by aviators, drivers of racing
_
automobiles, motor boats or any other apparatus
5 where a high speed is maintained.
The present invention has to do with goggle
pads and the means for securing the goggle pads
in position;
`
One of the objects of the invention is to pro
10' vide a goggle pad formed to closely and comfort
ably ñt any face, and which is adapted, in use, to
prevent the entry of excess air currents, dirt and
other substances to the interior of the goggle.
A further object is the provision of a simple
` arrangement whereby the goggle pad may be
easily and quickly inserted in or removed from
« the goggle frame.
This application is a reñling in part of my
abandoned application Serial No. 622,200, filed
20 July 13, 1932.
Other objects and advantages will become ap
parent as this specification proceeds. Referring
to the drawing forming a part thereof:
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of the goggle em
25 bodying the improvements of the present inven
tion;
Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken on- line
2'---2» of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3'is an enlarged detail sectional View taken
30 in the same plane as Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary elevation showing the
goggle pad removed from the frame;
A retaining ring I5', particularly shown in Figs.
2, 3, 4 and 5, is provided for each eye opening
and the pad or the peripheral flange I4 about
each eye opening is shaped similar to the shape
of the rings. Each ring is composed of light
metal, such as aluminum and the cross-section
thereof may be of various shapes. A half-round
cross-section is illustrated and this is preferred
as it avoids sharp edges and provides a round
exterior surface adapted to closely fit a cooperat
ing groove in each frame, as will be hereinafter
described. It also provides a iìat interior surface
which is readily adapted to rest against the pe
ripheral flange I4 formed about each eye opening.
Preferably, each ring is circumferentially
grooved as indicated at I6 and is formed with a
series of openings in each groove for the passage
of thread' I1 for binding the rings to the pad
about the eye openings. With this arrangement,
the rings can be secured to the pad and the bind
ing thread will be concealed and will not contact
with the surfaces of the lgrooves in the frame
member.
In accordance with the invention the initial
area of each eye opening in the pad is less than
the area enclosed by each ring I5, and the rings
and pad are assembled together by spreading the
pad to enlarge the openings and fit them to the f
rings. When this is done the peripheral flange
I4 about each eye opening is brought into contact
Fig. 5 is a- sectional view of the goggle pad, one
with the flat surface of one of the rings I5 and
the binding thread I'I is passed through each
ñange and the series of openings in the groove of
each ring to securely fasten the pad and rings
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary side elevation showing
a portion» of the frame and the clamp for open
ing and closing same to permit the removal or
insertion of the goggle pad;
Fig. 7 is a detail view showing the rear face of
the slide forming part of the clamping arrange
ment;
Fig. 8 is a fragmentary view in elevation look
ing at right angles to Fig. 6; and
Fig. 9 is a detail horizontal sectional view of the
clamping arrangement.
The pad I0 is formed of a material such as soft
50
what is termed peripheral flanges I4, the purpose
of which will hereinafter be described.
half thereof being shown with the retaining ring
attached and the other half without the retain
ing` ring;
4
(Cl. 2-14)
together.
When the eye openings I3 are spread and en
larged, the outer portions of the pad curl down
wardly and inwardly. This effects a considerable
increase in the curvature of the pad and it as
sumes the form of a pair of cups. This is par
ticularly illustrated in Fig. 5, the left-hand side
showing one-half of the pad in dish form before
the ring is attached to the eye opening, and the
right-hand side showing the other half of the
pad in cup form, after the eye opening has been
enlarged, ñtted and bound to its retaining ring,
rubber and is, preferably, molded in dish form
the latter being adapted to maintain the in- L
with its lower edge, at the central region, re
creased curvature thus effected.
By virtue of this arrangement the pad is shaped
to comfortably and closely conform to any face.
cessed in inverted U-shape at' II, to fit about the
nose of the wearer. 'I'he pad has a central por
tion or bridge I2 separating a pair of eye open
55 ings I3.
The eye openings are surrounnded by
When used in flight, the force of the air on the
outer surface of the closely conforming pad 55
2
2,122,461
presses the pad tightly against the face of the
wearer and effectively prevents the entry of force
ful air currents, rain, dirt or other substances,
which might effect the vision and safety of the
improvements, described, without departing from
the principle thereof.
iiight.
ber pad having eye openings, a iiange on the pad 5
about each eye opening, metal retaining rings
Deterioration of the rubber pad, which might
becaused by perspiration, may be avoided by
cementing a lining, such as chamois, to the in
terior of the pad.
10
As shown, a single, one-piece frame 20 is pro
vided for each eye opening. The frames are
What I claim is:
1. In a goggle, the combination of a dished rub
formed half-round in cross-section, the flat sur
face of each ring being adapted to engage the
ñange surrounding one of said eye openings,
means for securing the pad ilanges and rings to 10
gether, and a pair of metal frames, each adapted
hinged together at 2| and provided with lenses
to carry a lens and each formed with an interior
22. Each frame is formed with a bead 23 which
forms a rounded interior groove adapted to
15 closely ñt over the previously-described exterior
groove having a curved Wall adapted to receive
the curved surface of one of the retaining rings.
curved surface of one of the rings. This provides
a simple and effective means for seating the rings
and securely attaching them in position about the
eye openings of the goggle.
20
Each frame has a straight inner side adapted
to carry the hinge connection and from this
straight inner side is curved, slopes outwardly and
increases in Width. At the outer, widest portion
each frame is open, or transversely split and is
25 provided with clamping means 25 for normally
holding the edges of the frame along the open
ing in abutting engagement. The clamping
ber pad having eye openings, a retaining ring for
means is operable to release the frame edges from
abutting relation and permit the frame to open
30 for insertion or removal of the goggle pad and
lens member.
The clamping arrangement is particularly illus
trated in Figs. 6, 7, 8 and 9 and comprises a slide
26 which is tapered and turned under along each
35 side to provide a pair of channels 21 adapted to
2. In a goggle, the combination of a dished rub
each eye opening, means for securing the retaining
rings around the eye openings, a pair of metal
frames with an interior groove to receive one of
the retaining rings, said metal frames being split 20
transversely to provide openings therein, pairs of
Wings on the frames, one at each side of the frame
openings, and slides having channels adapted to
receive and slide on said Wings to open or close
the frames to permit of the removal or insertion of
the retaining rings on the pad.
3. In a goggle, the combination of a dished rub
ber pad having eye openings, a retaining ring for
each eye opening, means for securing the retain
ing ring around the eye openings, a pair of metal sov
frames each formed with an interior groove to
receive one of the retaining rings, said metal
frames being split transversely to provide open
ings therein, pairs of Wings on the frames, said
Wings being formed by reversely bending the edges 35
receive and slide on Wings 28, formed by reversely
bending a portion of the frame along each edge at
of the frames at said openings, and taped slides
mounted on the frames, the edges along each side
the opening in the frame. At one end the slide is
formed With a nose 29, perforated at 30 and adapt
ed to receive and hold perforated ears 3| on the
frame, one ear being provided at each side of the
opening in the frame. The ears 3| may be sep
of the slides being turned under to form channels
adapted to receive and slide on the Wings to open
or close the frames to permit of the removal or
insertion of the retaining rings on the pad.
4. In a goggle, the combination of a dished rub
arate parts riveted to the frame, or, as preferred,
ber pad having eye openings, a retaining ring for
can be made integral with the frame. The end of
45 the slide, opposite the nose 29, is angularly dis
posed to the slide and this end 32 acts as a stop,
which engages the frame when the clamping
means is closed. Adjacent the stop 32 the slide
is provided with a ñnger-piece 33 in the form of a
50 protuberance, for aiding in the removal of the
each eye opening, means for securing the retain
ing rings around the eye openings, a pair of metal
frames each formed with an interior groove to
receive one of the retaining rings, said metal
slide.
The rings 35 of the head band pass through the
openings in the nose of the slide and in the ears 3|
55 When these openings are in alignment. It is thus
impossible for the slide to be removed when the
head bands are attached.
It will be understood that, in carrying the in
vention into practice, changes may be made in the
15
frame being split transversely to provide openings
therein, pairs of Wings on the frames, said Wings
being formed by reversely bending the edges of the
frames at said openings, perforated ears on the
frame at each side of said openings, and slides
mounted on the frames, said slides having chan
nels adapted to receive and slide on said Wings, one
end of said slides being formed with a perforated
nose adapted to ñt over the perforated ears of said
frames, the perforations in said nose and in said
ears being in alignment
CHARLES FISCHER.
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