Патент USA US2122461код для вставки
July 5, 1938. C. FISCHER 2,122,461 GOGGLES Filed Feb. 25, 1937 INVENTQR « Char/es F/scher ATTORNEY Patented July 5, 1938 « 2,122,461 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,122,461 GOGGLES Charles Fischer, New York, N. Y. Application February 25, 1937, Serial No. 127,590 4 Claims. The invention relates to improvements in goggles and has particularly to do with that type of goggles used by aviators, drivers of racing _ automobiles, motor boats or any other apparatus 5 where a high speed is maintained. The present invention has to do with goggle pads and the means for securing the goggle pads in position; ` One of the objects of the invention is to pro 10' vide a goggle pad formed to closely and comfort ably ñt any face, and which is adapted, in use, to prevent the entry of excess air currents, dirt and other substances to the interior of the goggle. A further object is the provision of a simple ` arrangement whereby the goggle pad may be easily and quickly inserted in or removed from « the goggle frame. This application is a reñling in part of my abandoned application Serial No. 622,200, filed 20 July 13, 1932. Other objects and advantages will become ap parent as this specification proceeds. Referring to the drawing forming a part thereof: Fig. 1 is a front elevation of the goggle em 25 bodying the improvements of the present inven tion; Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken on- line 2'---2» of Fig. 1; Fig. 3'is an enlarged detail sectional View taken 30 in the same plane as Fig. 2; Fig. 4 is a fragmentary elevation showing the goggle pad removed from the frame; A retaining ring I5', particularly shown in Figs. 2, 3, 4 and 5, is provided for each eye opening and the pad or the peripheral flange I4 about each eye opening is shaped similar to the shape of the rings. Each ring is composed of light metal, such as aluminum and the cross-section thereof may be of various shapes. A half-round cross-section is illustrated and this is preferred as it avoids sharp edges and provides a round exterior surface adapted to closely fit a cooperat ing groove in each frame, as will be hereinafter described. It also provides a iìat interior surface which is readily adapted to rest against the pe ripheral flange I4 formed about each eye opening. Preferably, each ring is circumferentially grooved as indicated at I6 and is formed with a series of openings in each groove for the passage of thread' I1 for binding the rings to the pad about the eye openings. With this arrangement, the rings can be secured to the pad and the bind ing thread will be concealed and will not contact with the surfaces of the lgrooves in the frame member. In accordance with the invention the initial area of each eye opening in the pad is less than the area enclosed by each ring I5, and the rings and pad are assembled together by spreading the pad to enlarge the openings and fit them to the f rings. When this is done the peripheral flange I4 about each eye opening is brought into contact Fig. 5 is a- sectional view of the goggle pad, one with the flat surface of one of the rings I5 and the binding thread I'I is passed through each ñange and the series of openings in the groove of each ring to securely fasten the pad and rings Fig. 6 is a fragmentary side elevation showing a portion» of the frame and the clamp for open ing and closing same to permit the removal or insertion of the goggle pad; Fig. 7 is a detail view showing the rear face of the slide forming part of the clamping arrange ment; Fig. 8 is a fragmentary view in elevation look ing at right angles to Fig. 6; and Fig. 9 is a detail horizontal sectional view of the clamping arrangement. The pad I0 is formed of a material such as soft 50 what is termed peripheral flanges I4, the purpose of which will hereinafter be described. half thereof being shown with the retaining ring attached and the other half without the retain ing` ring; 4 (Cl. 2-14) together. When the eye openings I3 are spread and en larged, the outer portions of the pad curl down wardly and inwardly. This effects a considerable increase in the curvature of the pad and it as sumes the form of a pair of cups. This is par ticularly illustrated in Fig. 5, the left-hand side showing one-half of the pad in dish form before the ring is attached to the eye opening, and the right-hand side showing the other half of the pad in cup form, after the eye opening has been enlarged, ñtted and bound to its retaining ring, rubber and is, preferably, molded in dish form the latter being adapted to maintain the in- L with its lower edge, at the central region, re creased curvature thus effected. By virtue of this arrangement the pad is shaped to comfortably and closely conform to any face. cessed in inverted U-shape at' II, to fit about the nose of the wearer. 'I'he pad has a central por tion or bridge I2 separating a pair of eye open 55 ings I3. The eye openings are surrounnded by When used in flight, the force of the air on the outer surface of the closely conforming pad 55 2 2,122,461 presses the pad tightly against the face of the wearer and effectively prevents the entry of force ful air currents, rain, dirt or other substances, which might effect the vision and safety of the improvements, described, without departing from the principle thereof. iiight. ber pad having eye openings, a iiange on the pad 5 about each eye opening, metal retaining rings Deterioration of the rubber pad, which might becaused by perspiration, may be avoided by cementing a lining, such as chamois, to the in terior of the pad. 10 As shown, a single, one-piece frame 20 is pro vided for each eye opening. The frames are What I claim is: 1. In a goggle, the combination of a dished rub formed half-round in cross-section, the flat sur face of each ring being adapted to engage the ñange surrounding one of said eye openings, means for securing the pad ilanges and rings to 10 gether, and a pair of metal frames, each adapted hinged together at 2| and provided with lenses to carry a lens and each formed with an interior 22. Each frame is formed with a bead 23 which forms a rounded interior groove adapted to 15 closely ñt over the previously-described exterior groove having a curved Wall adapted to receive the curved surface of one of the retaining rings. curved surface of one of the rings. This provides a simple and effective means for seating the rings and securely attaching them in position about the eye openings of the goggle. 20 Each frame has a straight inner side adapted to carry the hinge connection and from this straight inner side is curved, slopes outwardly and increases in Width. At the outer, widest portion each frame is open, or transversely split and is 25 provided with clamping means 25 for normally holding the edges of the frame along the open ing in abutting engagement. The clamping ber pad having eye openings, a retaining ring for means is operable to release the frame edges from abutting relation and permit the frame to open 30 for insertion or removal of the goggle pad and lens member. The clamping arrangement is particularly illus trated in Figs. 6, 7, 8 and 9 and comprises a slide 26 which is tapered and turned under along each 35 side to provide a pair of channels 21 adapted to 2. In a goggle, the combination of a dished rub each eye opening, means for securing the retaining rings around the eye openings, a pair of metal frames with an interior groove to receive one of the retaining rings, said metal frames being split 20 transversely to provide openings therein, pairs of Wings on the frames, one at each side of the frame openings, and slides having channels adapted to receive and slide on said Wings to open or close the frames to permit of the removal or insertion of the retaining rings on the pad. 3. In a goggle, the combination of a dished rub ber pad having eye openings, a retaining ring for each eye opening, means for securing the retain ing ring around the eye openings, a pair of metal sov frames each formed with an interior groove to receive one of the retaining rings, said metal frames being split transversely to provide open ings therein, pairs of Wings on the frames, said Wings being formed by reversely bending the edges 35 receive and slide on Wings 28, formed by reversely bending a portion of the frame along each edge at of the frames at said openings, and taped slides mounted on the frames, the edges along each side the opening in the frame. At one end the slide is formed With a nose 29, perforated at 30 and adapt ed to receive and hold perforated ears 3| on the frame, one ear being provided at each side of the opening in the frame. The ears 3| may be sep of the slides being turned under to form channels adapted to receive and slide on the Wings to open or close the frames to permit of the removal or insertion of the retaining rings on the pad. 4. In a goggle, the combination of a dished rub arate parts riveted to the frame, or, as preferred, ber pad having eye openings, a retaining ring for can be made integral with the frame. The end of 45 the slide, opposite the nose 29, is angularly dis posed to the slide and this end 32 acts as a stop, which engages the frame when the clamping means is closed. Adjacent the stop 32 the slide is provided with a ñnger-piece 33 in the form of a 50 protuberance, for aiding in the removal of the each eye opening, means for securing the retain ing rings around the eye openings, a pair of metal frames each formed with an interior groove to receive one of the retaining rings, said metal slide. The rings 35 of the head band pass through the openings in the nose of the slide and in the ears 3| 55 When these openings are in alignment. It is thus impossible for the slide to be removed when the head bands are attached. It will be understood that, in carrying the in vention into practice, changes may be made in the 15 frame being split transversely to provide openings therein, pairs of Wings on the frames, said Wings being formed by reversely bending the edges of the frames at said openings, perforated ears on the frame at each side of said openings, and slides mounted on the frames, said slides having chan nels adapted to receive and slide on said Wings, one end of said slides being formed with a perforated nose adapted to ñt over the perforated ears of said frames, the perforations in said nose and in said ears being in alignment CHARLES FISCHER.