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Патент USA US2122493

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July 5, 1938.
Filed Oct. 24, 1936
¿a ¿f1/rance 14./ Paauwe.
Patented July 5, 1938V
, l
Lawrence W. Reaume,`Monroe, Mich., assignor
to River Raisin _Paper Company, Monroe,
Mich., a corporation of Michigan ‘
Application October 24, 1936, Serial No. 107,330
3 Claims. (Cl. 229-6)
'I‘he invention relates to cartons and particu
vided with a pair of side channels indicated gen
larly those of the type used for transporting erally at I9 and 20, and a bottom channel indi
beverage bottles.
cated generally at 2l. The channels I 9, 20 and
In the past cartons of the type mentioned have
2| are substantially identical to each other and
5 been made of cardboard and the like, which ma- ' as shown best in Figs. 2 and 3 comprise an out`
terial has the advantage of reduced cost and a
considerable saving inwweight over previously used
wooden cases.
However, such cardboard cartons
have the disadvantage that they are lacking in
l0 strength, and hence are apt to be crushed when
a number of ñlled cartons are stacked one upon
another, or injured during handling because of
the weight of the contents. Accordingly it Ais
the general object ofthe present invention to pro
15 vide an improved composite cardboard and metal
carton, in which the sheet metal portions are so
arranged as to materially strengthen the carton
without materially increasing its cost.
A further object of the invention is to provide
20 a composite cardboard sheet metal carton in
which the cardboard portions may be readily re
placed as they wear.
Other objects and advantages of. the invention
will become apparent from the following speci
ñcation, ’ the accompanying drawing, and the
appended claims.
the inner side of the channel. The material of
the end member is then turned outwardly at 23
to form a bottom for the channel and thence in 10
wardly at 24 to form the outer side of the chan
nel, thus providingan inwardly opening channel
adapted to receive the ends of the side and bottom
walls of the blank III. The channels are so formed
that the end member I8 may be assembled with 15
the remainder of the carton by simply sliding the
ends of the side and bottom walls into the chan
nels IS, 20 and 2|.
In addition to the side and bottom channels
the end members I8 are provided with top rein,
forcing channels 25 which are similar to the side
and bottom channels previously described. It
will be noted that the side walls I3 and I5 extend
outwardly of the upper end of channels I9 and 20
through openings or gaps 26 at the upper ends of
the top and side channels, and that the half top
In the drawing wherein like numerals are ap
plied to like parts in several views;
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the carton in a
partially closed condition.
Fig. 2 is a horizontal section taken along th
line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3is a longitudinal section taken on the line
3-3 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a longitudinal section similar to Fig. 3
CJ Cil
but of a modified form of the invention.
Referring to the drawing, the main body of
the carton is formed of a substantially rectan
gular blank of. cardboard, or the like, such as
40 commonly used in the manufacture of cartons.
The blank is provided with a plurality of parallel
crease lines which divide it from end to end into
a top ilap I I, a half top member I2, a side panel
I3, a bottom member I4, a second side panel I5,
45 a second half top member I6, and a second top
nap member I'I of the carton. It will be observed
that these portions constitute the entire carton
with the exception of the end members, and that
they are formed of a single substantially rectan
50 gular sheet of material, thus >avoiding waste and
providing an exceedingly simple means for form
ing a carton.
The carton is completed by a pair of identical
end members or walls I8, only one of which will
55 be described in detail.
wardly extending ilange 22 integral with the main
body portionv of the end member I8 which forms
Each end wall I8 is pro
members I2 and I6 when in closed position over
lie the outer surface of the top channel 25. The
top iiaps II and I'I are shorter than the half top
members and are adapted to project into the in
terior of the carton between the end members I8
when the top is closed. Preferably the propor
tions oi the parts are so chosen that there will
be sufficient friction between the end members I8
and the edges of the top iiaps II and I'I to hold 35
the top members in closed position.
After the end members I8 are assembled with '
respect to the side and bottom walls of the con
tainer, a plurality of longitudinal and transverse
partition members 3i and 32, respectively, are 40
positioned within the box to divide it into a plu
rality of bottle-receiving sections. These parti
tion members are interlocked together in the
usual manner to provide a honeycomb arrange
ment, and end pieces 33 are provided to prevent 45
contact between the bottles and the sheet metal
end members I8. After the end members I8 are
assembled and the’honeycomb partition members
3l, 32 and 33 are placed in position, a bolt 28 is
inserted through aligned holes in the end members
I8. The bolt 28 is provided with a head 28 and
a nut 30 for retaining the end members against
accidental displacement from the container. It
is apparent, however, that when desired, the nut
can be removed and the blank I8 released from 55
the channels I9, 20 and 2| of the end members.
In Fig. 4 is shown a modiñed means for soeur
ing the end members in position. In this form
of the invention the structnre of the container
‘ 5 is the same in every1 respect with that previously
described except that the end members are pro
vided with inwardly extending perforated tongues
4I and a rod 42 having downwardly extending
end portions 43 is inserted within the box with
10 the end portions 43 received within the periorations of the tongues 4|. The bent-over end por
tions 43 of the rod 42 are preferableï bent slightly
more than 90° from the axis of the rod in order
. that they will have to be bent apart slightly to
»i5 be inserted within the apertures. 'I'his prevents
accidental'displaceinent of the rod- without inter
ì fering with its removal when such is desired.
It is apparent that in accordance with the
present invention there is provided an exceedingly
20 inexpensive carton which is of great strength.
In use these cartons are frequently stacked one
upon the other to a relatively great height with
the result that considerable pressure is applied
upon the lower cartons. In the present invention
25 this weight is sustained entirely by the sheet
metal end members which are of sufficient
strength to withstand relative heavy loa-:is and
-tlnus the weaker card board sections are pro
tected from injury. In addition the form of the
30 end members is such that they are materially
reinforced by the channel members and the chan
nel members being extended outwardly of the
box provide a suitable means by which the box
may be lifted. Thus thebox can be readily lifted
35 by placing the fingers beneath the uppermost
channels of the end members, and this can be
done regardless of the position of the bex. The
upper channel 25 is of course not necessary but
it is preferably provided to reinforce the end mem
40 bers and to provide means for lifting the con
tainer. If desired a suitable hand hole may be
provided inmediately below the central portion of
the top channei 25 but such is not necessary as
the channel itself provides suñicient means for
45 engagement by the hand of one who is desirous
of lifting the container. When the card board
portions of the carton become worn or injured
they may be replaced without any difiiculty.
While only two forms of the invention are dis
closed herein, it will be understood that other
modiñcatior: s may be indulged in within the spirit
of the inventionas set forth in the above specifi
cation, and as iilustrated in the drawing, and
within the scope of the appended claims. ,
What I claim is:
' 5
1. A composite carton comprising card board
side and bottom walls, and a pair of sheet metal
end wall members having peripheral 'channels
adapted to receive the ends of said side and bot
tom walls, said end wall members having inwardly
projecting perforated ears formed thereon in
wardly of the channels, and a tension rod having
bent-over end portions inserted in said apertures
for releasably holding the end wall members in 15
2. A composite carton comprising a pair y of
sheet metal end members each `saving peripheral
vchannels formed at the four sides thereof, said
channels opening in a direction perpendicular to 20
the plane of the end member and having’their
side walls projecting in the opposite direction
from said plane, a bottom wall having its ends re’
ceived in said channels at the lower edge of the
respective end members, cardboard side walis 25
having their ends received in the channels at the
sides of the end members, a cardboard top mem
ber integral with one side member and adapted tok
swing ,into contact with the outer sides of said
channels at the top of said end members, respec 30
3. A composite carton comprising a pair of
sheet rnetal end members each having peripheral
channels formed at the four sides thereof, said
channels opening in a direction perpendicular to 35
the plane of the end member and having their
side walls projecting in the opposite direction
from said plane,- a. bottom wall having its ends
received in said channels at the lower edge of the
respective end members, cardboard side walls 40
having their ends received in the channels at the
sides of the end imembers, means urging said end
members toward each other, a cardboard top
member integral with one side member` and a tab
on said top wall adapted to extend int-o the carton
when the top is closed and to ñt snugly between
the end members for maintaining the lid closed.
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