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Патент USA US2122526

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July 5, 1938.
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'5 D. KATTERMANN
2,122,526
CONNECTION BETWEEN TWO EDGES OF‘ TEXTILE MATERIAL
Filed Dec. 8, 1937
fabric ur/fb ‘ ,2" .1.
2,122,526
Patented July 5, 1938
UNITED STATES
PATENT OFFICE
2,122,528
CONNECTION BETWEEN TWO EDGEB OI’
Taxman-maul,
-
Emil D, Kattennsnn, Dover, N. 1., acdgncr to
Swiss Knitting Company, Dover, N. 1., a cer
pcration of New Jersey
I
Application December 8, 1937, Serial No. 178,674
1 Claims. (Cl. a-z'm'
tion with the drawing which forms a part of this
invention relates to a connection between
two non-overlapping or abutting edges of textile
application, and in which
'
Fig. 1 is a perspective view somewhat diagram
matic, illustrating the connection between the
_materlal.
More particularly stated, the invention relates
5 to a connection between an edge of a textile fab
textile fabric having a warp and the edge of a
knitted, woven or braided fabric;
Fig. 2 is a plan view on an enlarged scale illus
a textile fabric having a warp or having a selvage
edge or an edge in which the threads are locked
10 so they will not slip, and an edge of a band, welt
0r cuff formed of knitted, woven or braided fab
trating the connection between the two fabrics;
Fig. 3 is a sectional elevation taken substan
10
tially on line 3-3 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 3 but showing
ric having parallel elastic threads, the edge being
substantially parallel to said parallel threads or
the loops which connect the edges pulled tight;
me.
Fig. 5 is an elevation view of a garment, such
At the present time many garments, such as
girdles, wrsets, bathing suits, or bifurcated gar
15 ments are made of elastic material having paral
lel elastic threads. Such garments in order to
as a girdle, having ends or bands connected '
thereto in accordance with the invention;
15
Fig. 6 is a perspective view of a portion of a
be satisfactory must ?t snugly and be stable, or , looping machine on which the edges of the fab‘
rlcs are placed to be joined or connected by the '
so-heldin place that they will not slip, roll or
be otherwise displaced. In order to accomplish
Fig. ‘I is a perspective view of the edges con
20 such a fit or such stability the garments are pro
20
nected by the loops; and
vided with elastic cu?s, bands or welts which are
Fig. 8 is an elevation showing the arrangement
of the loops, which join the fabric edges.
often formed with a diiferent texture or weave
from that of the main body of the garment. Be
ing formed of different texture the cuffs must be
25 connected in some manner to the edge of the
The invention brie?y described consists of a
connection between and a method of joining the
edges of two pieces of fabric, one piece of- fabric
having an elastic warp or parallel elastic threads
body of the garment. In certain instances the
edges have been sewed together, but this forms
an objectionable double thickness of material and
the seam does not have sufficient elasticity to
30 permit the necessary elongation.
This invention has for its salient object to 'pro- '
and the other piece being formed of knitted,
woven or braided material.
The invention has
been particularly worked out with elastic textile 30
fabrics and consists of connecting the edges of
the two fabrics by looping, the loop stitches pref
vide a connection between and a method 01'' se
curing or uniting cuffs, welts or bands of elastic ' erably extending around one or more elastic warp
textile material to an edge of a fabric having threads or around one or more parallel elastic
threads of the fabric. However, if the edge of 35 parallel elastic threads or a selvage or locked the fabric is a selvage or locked edge the loops
edge so constructed that the connection will be
may extend around one warp or elastic thread.
simple and will connect the edges without. form
Further details of the invention will appear
ing a thick edge or double thickness of material.
from the following description.
Fig, 1 illustrates diagrammatically a body 40
Another object of the invention is to provide
40 an elastic textile fabric with a marginal band or
cuif so joined at their edges as to securely con
piece A of textile fabric having a warp, and this
piece may be formed of woven or netted material.
The direction of the warp threads is indicated by
nect the edges in non-overlapping relation with
out forming a thickened edge portion, and fur
the arrow.
At 8 there is shown a piece of ' textile material
thermore so joined as to permit the connection
45 to stretch beyond the limit of elongation of the
fabric without breaking.
formed of knitted, woven or braided fabric. The
7
Another object of the invention is to form a
connection between two pieces of elastic mate
rial, one of which has a warp so arranged as to
50 provide a connection that will stretch with the
' materials or fabrics connected and will permit
the materials joined to be stretched to their full
limit of elasticity.
edges of the pieces A and B are joined by double
loops C and D which are formed by a looper in
the usual well known manner.
Fig. 2 illustrates more in detail an embodiment
of the invention in which the piece A of material
has warp threads II and weft or ?ller threads i i.
The piece of material designated as B is knitted
' and has a plurality of or a course of loops ii.
Further objects of the invention will appear
55 from the following specification taken in connec- >
In order to join these two pieces of material
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2,122,528
the marginal loops l2 are placed over points. In
Fig. 6 there is shown in perspective, a section of
a looper having points l3 on which the edges of
the fabrics A and B are impaled. These points
are also passed through the marginal or edge
departing from the spirit or scope of the inven
tion, as expressed in the following claims.
What I claim is:
1. A fabric article comprising a body piece of
elastic textile fabric having an elastic warp and 5
portion of the material A, preferably spaced from
the edge by-a plurality of the. warp threads 110,-“3.
an elastic piece of textile fabric havinga mar
ginal series of ,loops, the edges of said pieces be
If the ,e'dge_y,-of\fabric_A,is selvaged ‘or? the threads
ingconnectedin abutting relation by loop stitches
are locked against "slippage, the loops 'may en
_10
gage the selvage or locked edge.
_.
engaging the edge loops of‘said elastic piece and
.
embracing a plurality of the elastic warp threads 10
A looper then forms the loops C and D in the
of the body piece.
manner shown in Fig. 7, doubleloopsbeing-illuse "
:2. A fabric-article comprising a body piece of
however,
trated in that
the drawing.
a single thread
It‘ should
looper
bev’understoo‘di,
maybe used ‘ elastic'textile fabric having a locked edge, elastic
warpthreads at and parallel to said edge and an
15 if desired.
elastic, piece of ‘textile fabric having a looped
Fig. 4 illustrates in greatly‘“exaggerated-formA edge, the edge. of the body piece and the edge of
the loops C and D pulled tight to enclose a plu
the elastic piecev being joined in abutting relation
rality of warp threads I0.
'
. ‘ "
‘
by a series of. interconnected stretchable loop
As above stated, if the material'has a selvage stitches embracing one or more warp threads at .
20. edgeit is not necessary to form the loops C and the locked edge of the body piece and engaging 20
D'around a plurality ‘of warp threads, although the loops in the edge of the elastic piece.
this is desirable.
'
‘
5
>
3. A fabric article formed of connected textile
The method and vconnection above described fabrics, comprising one fabric having elastic warp
may be used wherever it is desired to form a con
threads extending along an edge thereof and sub-,
25 nection between a'textile fabric having an elastic
stantially parallel thereto .and another fabric
warp or parallel elastic threads and a fabric of having a series of loops extending along an edge
knitted,‘ woven or ‘braided material, but it is par
thereof, said edges being connected in abutting
ticularly applicable for forming the connection relation by looping stitches engaging around one
between a cuff or bandof elastic material, such as
or more of the elastic warp threads of the ?rst
that shown at ‘I5 inFig. 5, vand an edge of a body
l6 of elastic fabric.
The connection may be‘ used in many types of
mentioned edge and through the loops of the
elastic’ garments, as for instance, in girdles, cor
sets, underwear, pajamas‘, 'bathingsuits, or many
fabric having an elastic Warp and an edge sub
stantially parallel to said warp and a piece of
35 kinds or types of bifurcated garments to join an
elastic cuff, welt or band to one or more edges
textile fabric having loops on an edge thereof,
said edges being connected in abutting relation
by looping stitches engaging the loops of the sec
thereof.
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‘
~
It should be understood that the illustrations
in the drawing are greatly exaggerated and the
joint or connection in the actual garment forms
’ a very small and unobjectionable bead on the in
side ofthe garment which is not visible from the
1 outside.
‘
From the foregoing specification it will be clear
45
that asimple, practical and effective method of
joiningthe edges of a textile fabric having an
second mentioned edge.
,
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4. A fabric article comprising a piece of textile
ond mentioned piece of fabric and embracing a
plurality of the elastic warp threads at the edge
of the ?rst mentioned piece of fabric.
5. The combination of a woven fabric member
having parallel elastic threads adjacent an edge
thereof and a looped fabric member having a
course of loops along an edge thereof, said edges
being connected in abutting relation by looping 45
stitches engaging around one or more of said par
elastic warp or parallel elastic threads and I a
allel elastic threads and through the loops of said
band or piece of knitted, woven or braided fabric
course of loops.
has been worked out and'that the connection
59 formed will securely jointhe pieces of material
in abutting or non-overlapping relation and in’ a
manner to permit the full limit of stretch of the
'
m
6. The combination of a woven fabric member
having parallel elastic threads adjacent an edge 50
thereof and a knitted fabric member having loops"
along an edge thereof, said edges being connected
joined pieces to'be available and‘without the ob
jectionable features encountered‘when these parts
in abutting relation by looping stitches engaging
overlapping relation.
threads.
In other words and brie?y stated, the connec
tion may be used to join the edges of any two
pieces of elastic material where a smooth, stretch;
'able connection is desired.
fabric having parallel elastic threads and an edge
substantially parallel to said elastic threads and a
piece of textile fabric having loops on an edge 60
the loops of the second named member and em- '
are sewed or otherwise connected together in g bracing one or more of said parallel elastic 55
69 Although one‘speci?c‘embodiment of the in
vention has been particularly shown and de
scribed, it will be understood that the ‘invention
is capable of modi?cation and that changes in
6,5. the construction and in the arrangement of the
various cooperating parts maybe made without
' 7. A fabric article comprising a piece of textile
thereof, said edges being connected in'abutting
relation by looping stitches engaging the loops of
the second‘ mentioned piece of fabric and embrac
ing a plurality of the parallel elastic threads ‘at
the edge of the ?rst mentioned piece of fabric.
EMILD. KATI‘ERMANN.
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