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Патент USA US2122590

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July 5, 1938.
P. D. SKAHEN
2,122,590
ADJUSTABLE BURIAL GASKET
Filed Dec. 4, 1936
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR.
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ATTORNEYS'
.
July 5,
ADJUSTABLE
P. D. SKAHEN
BURIAL CASKET
Filed Dec. 4, 1956
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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BY
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J IN/VENT R.
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ATTORNEYS,
2,122,590
Patented July 5, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,122,590
ADJUSTABLE BURIAL CASKET‘
Patrick D. Skahen, Syracuse, N. Y.
ApplicationDecember 4, 1936, Serial No. 114,215
15 Claims. (Cl. 27-4)
This invention relates to burial caskets and
has for its primary object a burial casket of stand
ard size which is adjustable for bodies of dif
ferent widths, so that a casket of standard or
minimum size can be used for the smallest or
largest bodies. In this connection, attention is
called to the fact that heretofore, caskets for
the bodies of adults have been in several sizes
or Widths, from 221/2 or 23 inches to 28 inches,
10 that is, with the body supporting surface from
substantially 221/2 or 23 to 28 inches, and the
casket of the required width selected for the par
ticular body. This condition requires that the
undertaker keep in stock caskets of the various
15 widths in each class or style and also increases
the cost and retail prices compared with this
burial casket adjustable for different sizes or
widths of bodies.
It also has for its object a casket including
O a base and a boxlike lid hinged along one of its
longitudinal edges to the base with an adjust
able wing or wings movable or shiftable to an
extended position to give a roomy wide effect
to the base, when the lid is open and into a posi
25 tion to be within the outline of the base to permit
closing of the lid.
It further has for its object a simple and eco
nomical base construction for coacting with the
boxlike lid.
30
~
Other objects will appear throughout the speci
?cation.
The invention consists in the novel features
and in the combinations and constructions here
inafter set forth and claimed.
35
In describing this invention, reference is had
to the accompanying drawings in which like
characters designate corresponding parts in all
the views.
Figure 1 is a side elevation of this casket with
40 the lid being open.
Figure 2 is an enlarged sectional view on the
line 2—2, Figure 1.
'
Figure 3 is a fragmentary detail View showing
the hinge between the wings and the parts to
45 which they are hinged.
Figure 4 is a fragmentary detail view of the
end wing and one of the side wings showing the
interlock between the same when they are in
closed position.
50
This casket comprises, generally, a compara
tively ?at tablelike base, a boxlike lid hinged
along one of its longitudinal edges to the base, an
adjustable or shiftable wing or wings arranged
to provide lateral extensions of the body sup
55 porting surface of the base and shiftable later
ally to give a wide roomy appearance, when the
lid is open, and movable inwardly, so as not to
interfere with the closing of the lid, all whereby
a casket of minimum size can be adjusted for
larger bodies so that a casket of standard size 5
can be supplied, which will receive, without giv
ing a crowded appearance, bodies of all sizes or
widths.
l designates the base; 2 the lid. The base is
here shown as formed of lower and upper sheet 10
metal sections 3, 4, these being shown as rec
tangular and formed with bottom, side and end
walls with the lower section arranged inverted,
so that the bottoms of the two sections overlie
each other. The lower section is of greater length 15
and width than the upper section and the upper
section arranged concentric with the lower sec
tion, thereby providing a ledge at 5. The bottoms
of the two sections are secured together in any
suitable manner, as by welding. Preferably, a 20
marginal frame 6 of wood is arranged in the
lower section, and the margins of the side and
end walls are turned inwardly at 1 to provide
a channel in which the marginal frame 6 is
seated. A suitable mattress, indicated at 8, is 25
located in the upper section 4 with its upper body
supporting surface ‘above the upper edges of
the side walls of the upper section 4. The lid 2
is also formed up of sheet metal to have a dome
shaped top 9, side and end walls It! and II and 30‘
rectangular beads I2, I3 are located at the upper
and lower margins of the side and end walls II],
II. The beads l2, 13 not only strengthen the
sheet metal structure but also cause the side and
end walls to be inset or have a panel appearance. 35
A margin frame l3a of wood‘ is located in the
bead l3.
The lid is hinged at H! along one longitudinal
lower edge to the base I or the ledge 5 and when
closed, the lid seats throughout the entire length 40
of its lower edge on the ledge 5.
As here shown, hinge leaves I5 are mounted
on the ledge 5 through which the hinge pins l4
extend into the lid. The lid is held closed in any
suitable manner.
45
In the illustrated embodiment of my invention,
the means by which the casket is adjustable for
receiving bodies of different widths or by which
wider bodies do not have a crowded appearance
when in a casket of minimum width, comprises 50'
one or more wings adjustable widthwise relative
ly to the base and movable into a position, where
by they do not interfere with the closing of the
lid, when the lid is closed.
As here illustrated, two adjustable wings are 55
2
2,122,590
provided extending along the front and rear lon
gitudinal edges of the base. l6 and I1 designate
respectively these wings, the wing I‘! being lo
cated within the lid and hinged at l8 to one of
the side walls of the lid near but spaced apart,
in a radial direction, from the hinge I4 of the
lid. The wing it is hinged at l9 to the upper
margin of the outer side wall of the upper sec
tion 4 of the base I. Both wings extend above
the plane of the body supporting surface of the
base I or above the surface of the mattress 8
and are movable into different inclinations to
accommodate bodies of different widths. They
are also movable upwardly into-an upright posi
15 tion to permit the closing of the lid. The hinges
I 8 and I9 are built to work with sufficient fries
tion to remain in any angular position. The
wing I‘! has a shield 20 hinged at 2| thereto and
extending across the space between it and the
20 upper section 4 of the base, this shield being
usually of sheet metal. Means is provided for
limiting the pivotal movement of the wing I‘!
about its hinge in either direction. This means
is here shown as a slot 22 formed in the shield
25 20 and a pin or stop 23 extending through the
slot and into one of the side walls of the upper
the position shown in Figure i into a horizontal
position to hold the wing I6 from outward dis~
placement or hold the wing I6 ?ush with the wing
21. The wing 21 is held from outward displace
ment by reason of the fact that it laps at 35 under U!
the margin at the outer side of the inner lid 28.
Thus, the Wings 24 .and it are moved into posi
tion where they do not interfere with the closing
of the lid 2. When the lid 2 is closed, the wing
I’! being pivoted at a point radially to the out 10
ward relatively to the hinge is of the lid, moves
slightly inwardly, until limited by the pin or
shoulder 24 coming into engagement with one
end of the slot 22, so that the wing I‘! does not
interfere with the closing of the lid by coming 15
Whichit i's'pivoted. During closing movement
of the lid 2,the inner lid 28 will also incidentally
move slightly upwardly therewith but this is of
into engagement with the side wall thereof to
no consequence, as it does not move the inner 20
lid 28 far enough to interfere with’the closing of
the lid. It
obvious that by reason of the ad
justable wings l6 and H or either ‘of them, one
casket of standard size may be used for adult
bodies ‘of different widths, and’ in all cases, a‘ 25,.
roomy uncrowded effect is given. .
section 4, so that the extent of pivotal movement
of the. wing l1 depends upon the length of the
slot 22. This is for thepurpose of preventing
30; undue crowding of a particularly wide body when
the lid is closed. Also, a similar wing 24 is pro
vided at the head end of the base I, this being
one style.
hinged to the end wall of the base in the same
manner as the wing 16 is hinged to the side wall
on mI‘ of the upper section of the base.
end wing
What I claim is:
1. A burial casket comprising a base element
having a body supporting surface, a boxlike lid
24 and the wing I6 are provided with means for
locking them together when both are folded into
This casket, owing to its adjustability, effects
a great saving in cost of manufacture and in
funeral cost, and it further effects a great saving,
as the undertaker instead of carrying'a large
stock of various sizes can carry but a few in any
'
element closable on the margin of the base ele
ment having side and end walls which form the
upright position, preliminary to closing the lid. sides and ends of the casket when closed, and
As here shown, one of the wings, as the end which coact with the base element near the level
wing 24, is provided with a ?at pivoted hook 25, of said body supporting surface, and ‘means nor
the bill of which enters a suitable eye or recessv mally extending laterally beyond the base ele 405
26 in the end of the wing IS.
ment and forming an extension'of the body sup
The adjustable Wings in the illustrated embodi
porting surface thereof, said means being shift
ment of my invention extend about half of the able into a position within the outline of the base
‘length of the base, and there is an additional element to permit closing of the lid element.
45
wing 21 forming a continuation of the wing I 6,
2. A burial casket comprising a base element
this extending along the side of the foot end of having a body supporting surface, a boxlike lid
the base.v
'
>
element closable on the margin of the base ele
28 designates an inner cover or lid for covering
50 the lower half of the body. This is here shown
as hinged to the lid on an axis coextensive with
ment, and means normally extending laterally
beyond the base element and forming'an exten
sion
of the body supporting surface thereof, 50
the axis l8 of the wing I‘! with the side wall 29' said means being shiftable into a position within
thereof forming a continuation of the wing l 6
the outline of the base element to’permit closing‘
when the lid 2 is closed. The free edge of this lid '
of the lid element, the lid element being hinged
coacts with the upper edge of the wing 21.
After the body is laid out by the undertaker - to one margin of the base element and said means 55
in the casket, the lid 28 is closed in the position including a wing carried by the lid element and
shown in Figures 1 and v2, it closing against the’ movable therewith during‘ closing of the lid ele
ment into position to permit the lid element, to
edge of the wing 21.
60
A casket with a half inner lid 28 is called 'a'
half-couch, as the lower half of the body’ only
is covered by an inner lid 28.
In
casket, the lid>28 is omitted.
_v
full-couch
V
_
‘
The inner surfaces of the lids and the wings
65 are covered with a suitable ornamental lining.
In operation, for a relatively small or slim adult
body, the wings I6, ll may be adjusted to a
nearly vertical position, and for’ wider bodies,
the wings are moved outwardly on their hinges
70 into greater inclinations. When‘the casket
to
be closed, the wings l6 and 24 are moved into an
upright position and interlocked together by
close down on the base element.
, .7
.
A burial casket comprising a base. element 60
having a body supporting surface, a boxlike lid.
‘element closable on the margin of the base ele
ment, and means normally extending laterally
beyond the base element and forming an exten
sion of the body supporting surface thereof, said
means being shiftable into a position within¢the
outline of the base element to permit closing of"
the lid element, the lid element beinghinged to ‘
one margin of the base element, and said means
including a wing hinged to the margin of' one
side wall of the lid element at a point parallel to
the hook 25. The Wing #6 comes into alinement' and radially spaced from the hinge of the'lid ele- '
with the wing 27, which is provided with a suit
75 able latch 33 at the margin thereof movable from
ment, whereby the wing is movable upward and
inward during closing of the lid. element into
3
2,122,590
position to permit the lid element to close down
to above the body supporting surface of the base,
on the base element.
4. A burial casket comprising a base element
having a body supporting surface, a boxlike lid
element closable on the margin of the base ele
ment having side and end Walls which form the
sides and ends of the casket when closed, and
which coact with the base element near the level
of said supporting surface, and means nor
when the lid is open.
10. A burial casket comprising a tablelike base
having a body supporting surface, a boxlike lid
hinged to the base and closable on the margin of
the base, and a wing hinged to the lid near the
lower edge thereof at a‘ point spaced radially from
the hinge connecting the lid to the base, the
wing extending from below to above the body
10
10 mally extending laterally beyond the base ele
supporting surface of the base.
15 means including
adjustable Wings extending
along opposite side margins of the base element.
5. A burial casket comprising a base element
having a body supporting surface, a boxlike lid
element closable on the margin of the base ele
ment, and means normally extending laterally
beyond the base element and forming an exten
sion of the body supporting surface thereof, said
tending along opposite margins of the base and 15
forming lateral extensions of the body support
ing surface of the base, and adjustable into dif
ferent angular positions and being also movable
means being shiftable into a position within the
tween the lid and the base.
12. A burial casket comprising a tablelike base
element having a body supporting surface, a box 25
ment and forming an extension of the body sup
porting surface thereof, said means being shift
able into a position within the outline of the base
element to permit closing of the lid element, said
outline of the base element to permit closing of
25 the lid element, said means including {wings
extending laterally and upwardly above the sur
face of the base element, one wing being hinged
to the base element and the other to the hinged
margin of the lid element, the wings being shift
30 able on their hinges from an outward inclination
toward the vertical to permit closing of the lid
element on the base element.
6. A burial casket comprising a tablelike base
element having a body supporting surface, a box
like
lid element hinged to the base element and
35
closable on the margin of the base element hav
ing sideand end walls which form the sides and
ends of the casket when closed, and which co
act with the base element near the level of said
40
body supporting surface, and a wing movably
mounted on and shiftable relatively to one of
said elements, and arranged to form a side Wall
for the base, the wing being movable into posi
tion to come within the margin of the lid to per
mit closing of the lid element.
45
'7. A burial casket comprising a tablelike base
element having a body supporting surface, a
boxlike lid element hinged to the base element
and closable on the margin of the base element,
and a wing hinged to one of said elements near
50 the plane of the body supporting surface of the
base element and forming an upwardly and lat
55
60
65
75
erally extending wall for the base element, the
wing being movable about the axis of its hinge
to within the outline of the base element into
position to permit closing of the lid.
8. A burial casket comprising a tablelike base
element having a body supporting surface, a box
like lid hinged to the base and closable on the
margin of the base element having side and end
walls which form the sides and ends of the casket
when closed, and which coact with the base ele
ment near the level of said body supporting sur
face, a wing movably mounted on the base and
extending laterally beyond the edge of the base
providing an extension of the body supporting
surface of the base, said Wing being movable into
a position to come within the margin of the base
to permit closing of the lid.
9. A burial casket comprising a tablelike base
having a body supporting surface, a boxlike lid
hinged to the base and closable on the margin
of the base, and a wing carried by the lid and
movable relatively thereto, the Wing being ar
ranged within the lid and to extend from below
'
11. A burial casket comprising a tablelike base
having a body supporting surface, a boxlike lid
hinged near its lower edge to the base and
closable on the margin of the base, wings ex
into a position to come within the lid, when the
lid is closed, and the other wing being hinged to 20
the lid near the hinged lower edge thereof and to
the outward radially relatively to the hinge be
like lid element hinged at its lower edge to the
base and closable on the margin of the base, lat
erally adjustable wings, each carried by one of
said elements at the side edges of the base and
forming extensions of the body supporting sur
face of the base and shiftable into positions to
come within the outline of the base to permit
closing of the lid, the lid element including side
and end Walls which form the side and end walls
of the casket when closed, the lid coacting with
the base near the level of the body supporting
surface.
13. A burial casket comprising a tablelike base
element having a body supporting surface, and a
boxlike lid element hinged to the base element
and closable on the margin thereof, a wing mov
ably mounted on one of said elements and ex
tending laterally beyond the outline of the base
element forming a lateral continuation of the
body supporting surface of the base element, 45
another wing hinged to the base element at one
end thereof and extending beyond the end of
the base element and forming a lineal continua
tion of the body supporting surface of the base
element, the wings being movable into an up 50
right position to come within the outline of the
base element, when the lid element is closed, the
boxlike lid having side and end walls which con
stitute the side and end walls of the casket when
closed, said end walls coacting with the base 55
near the level of the body supporting surface.
14. A burial casket comprising a tablelike base
having a body supporting surface, a boxlike lid
hinged along one of its lower edges to the base
beneath the plane of the body supporting sur 60
face and closable on the margin of the base,
wings extending lengthwise of the longitudinal
edges of the base and arranged to form lateral
extensions of the body supporting surface of the
base, one of the wings being hinged to the base 65
and the other being hinged to the lid within the
same at a point radially outwardly relatively to
the axis of the lid, the wings being adjustable
into different angular positions and movable into
a position within the margin of the base, to per 70
mit closing of the lid.
15. A burial casket comprising a base including
lower and upper sheet metal parts, each having
a bottom, side and end walls, the lower part be
ing inverted so that its bottom is upward and 75
4
2,122,590
the- inargins of the lower part extend beyond the
sides and ends of the upper part forming a ledge,
the bottoms being secured together, the base
being provided with a body supporting surface,
'01 and a boxlike lid having top, side and end walls,
one of the side walls being hinged to- the base on
the ledge thereof, the lower edge of the lid resting
on’ said ledge, when the lid is closed, a wing
hinged to the lid within the same at a point to
10 the outward radially relatively to the hinged
axis of the lid and extending upward beyond the
plane oi the body sup-porting surface of the base
and adjustable into different angular positions,
a wing hinged to the lengthwise side ‘of the base
opposite to that on which the former wing is lo-'
cated and extending above the body supporting
surface of the base and being also adjustable
into different angular positions and movable into
a position to come within the outline of the base
to permit closing of the lid.
'
10
PATRICK D. SKAHEN.
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