Патент USA US2122623код для вставки
J_uly‘5, 1938. P. M. ROGERS ‘ I ' 2,122,623 METHOD OF MANUFACTURING MOPS ANDv THE LIKE Filed Feb. 17, 1937 3 Sheets-Sheet l ' BY /P401. M ‘ > % IN I/ "NTOR a s .-l TTORNE V July5,1938. P. ‘M. ROGERS . ‘ "2,122,623 METHOD OF MANUFACTURING MOPS AND THE LIKE.‘ Filed Feb. 17, 1937 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 July 5, 1938. ' ' P. M. ROGERS 2,122,623 ‘ METHOD OF MANUFACTURING MOPS AND THE LIKE Filed Feb. 17, 1957 M' _ I 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 ‘,4 TTORNEY Patented July 5, 2,122,623 ' UNITED .s'rATEs PATENT OFFICE Paul M. Rogers, on Hudson, N. Y. Application ‘mam 17, 1931. Serial No. 126,259 1 Claim- (01. 28-1) Thisi'nvention‘ relates toy-improvements in the methods‘ of manufacturing mops and more par ticularlyl‘to' I 01;, L e'ad'have been commonly an ’n‘sfof sewing or by the use of a ‘nt‘about, the strands to clip the yarns. A‘ ‘common di?iculty. found with mop ' heads'fir-iadebyithe' former method is that all the individual strandsa're not sewn since the ma-‘ ' Figure 6 is a plan view of the apparatus of Figure?. i ‘ t Figure 7 is a section of a preferred form of mop made in accordance with my invention. Figure 8 is a section of a modi?ed form of mop. Figure 9 is a section of still another modifica tion. ' Figure 10 is a section of a fourth form of mop made in accordance with my invention. chine ‘usually‘empioys a relatively long stitch. The ?rst step in manufacturing mops accord- 10 ingv to my novel method is the alignment of a When stinger‘ the strands are-unanchored it is almost inevitable that the looseyarns will be large number of strands H, in parallel relation pulled put‘during use vand left upon the floor. If a piece of bent metal is clamped about the cords, a point of severe wearing is created where the yarns bend against the metal. -Mop heads of this type commonly fail by cutting of the cords by themetal binder. A further objection to this construction lies in, the fact that the metal is ship; when this has been completed a filler strand I2 is woven at intervals with' the longi tudinal warp strands, as shown in Figure 3. The 15 last step comprises cutting the longitudinal strands "at points mid-way between the woven portions, forming a plurality of mop sections as shown in Figure 4. It will be apparent that mop heads manufactured according to this method 20' apt to scratch furniture and base-boards when will have a'generally ?at conformation and are themop is in service. . adapted to be held in their, mid-portion by suit It is the purpose of the present invention to able clamping means well-known in the industry. overcome the disadvantages of mops used up to The apparatus suitable for manufacturing ac this time. The improved mop head made ac cording to the method of my invention has its yarns securely held by ‘a novel transverse woven cording to this method is illustrated in Figures 5 25 and 6 and comprises in general a yarn storage rack IS, a loom I‘! and a cutting table 22. In binder strip, which effectively prevents disen gagement of theindividual strands and comprises the apparatus shown the warp yarn ll, isfed a simple, rugged and efficient mop. In compari son with mop heads previously made there are no metal bands or clips which might damage furniture and each cord is individually interlaced with the filler yarns whereby it is securely locked. The chief object of this invention is to provide a simple and- efficient method of manufacturing mops which will have extreme durability. Other objects'of the invention will be apparent from the following description whengread in connec tion with the drawings, in which like ?gures denote like parts. ~ In the drawings:-‘- ‘ Figure 1 is a perspective view of a mop head made in accordance with my invention. ' from a rack or creel IE, to a loom II, which may be either of the plain or ribbon type. An align- 30 ing board 23 is provided so that all warp strands will lie in same plane and the harness 24 is pro vided to raise and lower the warp strands to permit the passage of the shuttle 25. After a suitable strip has been'woven the shuttle is 3r brought to rest and the warp strands are ad vanced through the loom providing the unwoven portion which will form the ends of the mop. The yarns are advanced through the loom by the traction on the sand rollers l8, and preferably 40 the yarns are carried under the ?oor by means of idler rollers “I, so that the operator may'have free access to the loom from all sides. At the head of the ‘cutter table 22 a pair of compression. Figure 2 is a plan view of a number of un rollers 20 are mounted to draw the woven strands 45 secured strands and illustrates the ?rst step in _ over the idler pulleys and onto the table, where the manufacture of mops according to my in the individual mops are separated from each ‘vention. other by manual cutting. It will be understood that the cycle of weaving, Figure 3 is a plan .view of.the strands illustrated in Figure 1, after the‘second step of my invention. Figure 4 is a plan view of the strands of Figure advancing the warp strands and the weaving 50 again is repeated in rotation, one mop being 3, after the third step of ‘my invention. formed during each cycle. Figure 5 is an elevation of apparatus suitable for the manufacturing of mop heads according to my invention. . In some cases where the mops are to be sub jected to extremely hard service, it may be desir able to tack the loose ends of the ?ller strands se- 55 2 2,122,623 curely in place by sewing them-to the body of the method which may be carried out on knitting or Q - mop head. A stitched thread l3 adapted to serve braiding machines. - ’ It is to be'understood that the forms of my invention herein shown and described are to be this While purpose a serviceable is shown in mop Figure may1.be manufactured by merely employing a single layer of warp yarns taken only as preferred examples and that other as described above it is desirable that several methods ‘of weaving may suggest themselves to ‘ thicknesses of strands be employed. In Figure 9, ' those skilled in the art without departing from a/single layer of warp yarns-is folded so as to givea mop whose thickness is equal to three times, 10 the thickness of one layer. Again, the mop may the spirit of my invention or the scope of the be formed} on a tubular loom in which case the thickness of the completed mop as shown in Fig~ appended claim. v ' What I claim is:— . _ ' _ The method of manufacturing mops of the type comprising two ‘groups of endssecured at their , central portion by a transverse woven filler strand which comprises the-steps of arranging a multi plicity of moisture absorbent warp yarns in paral 15 lel side to side relationship, weaving said warp tire 8 is double that of. a single layer. Preferably, however, multiple layer mops are woven in a v15 single operation as illustrated by Figures 7 and 10. When the strands are woven in this manner the path of the shuttle is indicated by the heavy , yarns with a single continuous ?llerstrand so as I line and the second path by a broken line. b It will to enclose each of said warp yarns within the convolutions of said ?ller strand, said ?ller strand be- apparent that in all cases each strand is ?rm 20 ,ly gripped by the ?ller yarn and that the various contacting each of said warp yarns .at least at motions of the shuttle may be controlled by means ~ known to the art. - . . While I have describeda preferred method of forming mops by weaving on a conventional loom, 25 it is possible to interlock the strands by either knitting or braiding, although it isprobable that . alternate passages of the shuttle during weaving, and completely encircling each marginal warp yarn at each passage of the shuttle; advancing said warp yarns without weaving for a distance greater than that woven, cutting said warp yarns parallel to said ?ller ‘strands at a point midway between adjacent woven portions and ?nally se a loom is more readily adapted to serve the pur curing both endsof said ?ller strands against poses of'this invention. However, I regard my I ‘unravelling by sewing them to said warp yarns 30 invention as residing in the steps of ,interlock- ' in a direction normal to said warp yarns while 30 - ing a multiplicity of ?brous yarns by meansof a : the ‘warp strands are maintained in straight filler strand andithen advancing the yarns‘ for a '. alignmentr predetermined'vdistance without interlocking, a . . - v > ' PAUL M. ROGERS.