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Патент USA US2122680

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July '5, 1-938.
:'
W. F. DART
2,122,680
REFRIGERATION MEANS
Original Filed March 8, 1934
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‘ ATTORNEYS.
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July 5, 1938;
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w. F. DART
2,122,680
REFRIVCV‘IERATION MEANS
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Original Filed March 8, 1934
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ATTORNEYS.
Patented July 5, 1938
2,122,680
._UNITED STATES‘ ‘PATENT
OFFICE
2,122,680
'
REFRIGERATION MEANS
William F. Dart, Mason, Mich.
Original application March‘8, 1934, Serial No.
714,717. Divided and this application April 17,
1935, Serial No. 16,856
3 Claims. (CI. 62-89)
This application is a division of my co-pending
application, Serial No. 714,717, ?led March 8th,
for securing the inner and outer doors together.
Figure 9 is a fragmentary, view showing one of
1934, which has now matured into Patent No.
the hinges.
2,051,132, issued Aug. 18, 1936.
'
v This invention relates to a closure for re
l indicates a conventional type of refrigerator
frigerators and like containers of the above stated
wherein the cooling unit is shown at 2 and is of
the type to freeze ice cubes or blocks, the remain
character which will permit the refrigerator to
‘ be .fully opened when, desiring torreinove or. re
ing interior of the refrigerator being employed for
place articles from the food compartment, and
10 which will permit exposure of the ice cube cham
ber when desiring to obtain ice, so that atmos
the storage of food products and the like. Here
pheric temperatures will not readily enter the
food compartment and unnecessarily raise the
temperature therein, consequently permitting the
interior of the refrigerator to atmospheric tem
15 refrigerator to be more economically operated
‘ and the temperature within the refrigerator more
evenly maintained, assuring a better preserving
of food products over a longer period of time.
The primary object of the invention is the
20 provision of inner and outer doors mounted for
-
.
Referring in detail to the drawings, the numeral
25
30
35
45
cooling unit it was necessary to expose the entirev
peratures, causing an unnecessary raising of the
temperature of the refrigerator and increasing
the. cost of operation and maintenance, and to‘ 15
overcome these disadvantages my invention ‘is
employed and is in the form of a closure hingedly
mounted to the refrigerator and includes inner
and outer doors 2' and 3 both supported to the
refrigerator I by hinges 4, capable of permitting ,
simultaneous opening , and closing of the re
the doors to swing‘ simultaneously or oneinde
frigerator and capable of being operated, so that
the inner door may remain closed for the closing
of the food compartment during the opening of
the outerfdoor, while at the' same time giving
pendent of the other. The inner door 2' is‘I
shaped so that when in closed position, will expose
a freezing or cooling unit 2 while the food com
partment is closed to the atmosphere. The outer 25
admittance to the ice cube chamber. '
door 3 is of the chambered or ?anged construction
Figure 1 is a fragmentary perspective view forming upon the interior face thereof a chamber
illustrating a refrigerator equipped with a door or space ‘5 to receive a rack 6 supported by the
construction constructed in accordance with my outer face of the inner door when said doors
engage with each other or when latched together 30
Figure 2 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional which will ‘be hereinafter more fully described.
view showing the inner and outer doors latched The rack 8 may be employed for various articles
together and occupying door-closing position.
not needing very low temperatures for their
Figure 31s a similar view showing the inner preservation and when the outer door 3 is opened
and outer doors moved simultaneously to an open independently of the inner door, the rack 6 be 35
position for exposing the interior of the refrigera- _ comes fully' exposed so that articles may be
readily placed in and removed therefrom.
Figure 4 is a similar view showing the outer
A spring catch 1 is carried by the refrigerator
door occupying an open position while the inner to engage with the inner door for aiding in re
doorv'occupies a closed position and exposingvthe ‘ taining the latter in a closed position when the m .
rack of the inner door so that articles may be outer ‘door is swung open. The catch 1 is of a
conventional type, that is employing a spring
readily placed in and removedtherefrom.
Figure 5 is-a fragmentary sectional view show
pressed ball engageable with a notch or socket
ing the means of latching the inner vand outer formed in the inner door.
‘_
’ .
doors together and also a spring catch for aiding - , The outer door is equipped with a conventional 45
iii-maintaining the inner door in a closed position type of latch 8 to engage with a keeper 9 on the
invention.
tor.
40
tofore when obtaining ice from the freezing or
_
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y when the: outer door is released therefrom and
' swung to an open posltioni
Figure 6 isa detail sectional view taken on the
refrigerator. I forretaining the outer door in a ,
closed position and is operable by a handle II
when desiring to free the outer door for move
'
'
50 line 6-6 of Figure 5. '
.ment into an open position.
Figure 7 is a’ disrupted view showingone'of th
A keeper II is carried by the outer face of the
hinges.
1
p ‘
inner ‘door and enters the chamber 5‘ when the
Figure 8 is a fragmentary view showing the inner and outer doors are in abutting engagement
latch for securing the outer door ‘in closed posi
and is engaged by a latch I! carried by the outer
55 tion and the ?nger piece of the latch employed ., door where said doors'will be fastened together.
amaoso
side of said'cabinet, a ce-oling unit mounted in
bracket ll carried by the outer d-eor and has - the storage compartment enclosed by said cabi- formeduponitsinnerendenangularly disposed net to cool said compartment and a freezing cham
The latehconsists of-amember lljc-urnaledina
projection or arm ll to engage‘with the ‘keeper
ll. Blidabiy mounted in the outer wall of the
outer door is a tubular finger piece I‘ which
slidably receives the member I! and the latter‘
is providedwithspiralgrooves l1 enmedbya
lug ll formed on the finger piece I. whereby end
10 wise movement of the finger piece eill impart ro
tation to the member II. A call spring-l! is
interposed betweenthebrecket II and theinner
end of the fingeripiece it for normally urging
the latter in one direction or in a direction to
cause rotation of the member "for positioning
the arm Hinengagementwiththekeeper ll.v A
manual movement of the ilnger piece in an or‘
positedirection causes reverse rotation of the
member ‘I! to disengage the arm lifrcsn the
keeper II. It is preferable that the, finger piece
it be located in close proximityte- the handle II
ber
therewith adjacent said door, of
a removable shield disposed in the open side or
said cabinet adjacent said door to close the open. ’
area around said freezing chamber whereby the
cold air isretainedin the storage compartment
when thedoor is opened .to enter the freezing
10
2. In a refrigerator the combination of a heat '
insulating cabinet having an open portion, a heat >
insulating door closing said open portion, a cool
ing unit comprising means for dividing the space
within said cabinet into a freezing chamber sur 15
rounded by a cold storage compartment, and a
plvotally mounted shield disposed within said
open portion to closethe open area around said
freezing chamber, whereby cold air is retained in
the cold storage compartment whenthe door is
open to enter the freezing chamber.
7
3. Refrigerating apparatus comprising. in com
c: the latch l so'that a personoperating the han- ‘
bination, a cabinet having a food compartment
latch I! to free said outer door from the inner. and a door opening, a door for closing said open
door, permittingthe latter to remain in closed ' ing, a refrigerant evaporating element within said
cabinetfor cooling said compartment: a pivot
position. when desiring to open both doors si
multaneously the operator simply releases the ally mounted shield in the rear of said door and
dle lltofreetheouterdeormayalsooperatethe
outer doorbyactuatingthehandlellterelease
theIatchOfromthekeeperl andbot‘ndoors
80 may then beswung simultaneously to anopen
position.
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Having thus described my invention. what i
claiimisasnewanddesiretosecurebyllettersl'at
"en,
2—-—
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1. The combination witha refrigerator’ccm
. prising a heat insulating cabinet open at one
side,aheatinsulatingdoorforclosingtheopen
' spaced therefrom to provide a space therebetween.
said shield being provided with a cutaway por
tion for gaining acceg to said evaporating ele
ment, and being arranged to be swung outwardly
for gaining aceess to said food compartment. and a
plurality of shelves mounted on the outside of
said shield and at the'side of and'below said cut
away portion. 1
'
WILLIAM F. DART.
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