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Патент USA US2123013

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July 5, 1938.
H‘ L.‘LATZ
'
2,123,013
PRINTING APPARATUS
Filed July 2,1957
5 Sheets-Sheet l
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July 5, v1938.
H. L. LATZ
PRINTING APPARATUS
Filed July 2, 1937
2,123,013
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5 Sheets-Sheet 2
July 5, 1938.
H; L. LATZ
2,123,013
PRINTING 'APPARATUS
Filed July 2, 1937
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July 5, 1938.
H. L. LATZ
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PRINTING APPARATUS
Filed July 2, 1957
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ATTORNEYS.
‘ July 5, 1938'.
H. |_. LATZ
2,123,013
PRINTING APPARATUS
'Filed July 2, 1937
5 Sheets-Sheet 5
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ATTORNEYS.
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2,123,013
Patented July 5, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,123,013
PRINTING APPARATUS
Harry L. Latz, New York, N.‘ Y., assignor to Harry
Latz Service, Inc., New York, N. Y., a corpora
tion of New York
Application July 2, 1937, Serial No. 151,574
20 Claims.
The invention relates to printing apparatus
((31. 101—-5'7)
vertically adjustable relatively thereto. The ad
and has for its object to‘ provide a novel appa
ratus whereby printed items may be readily add
ed to previously printed matter to ‘harmonize
and accord therewith. The invention contem
plates particularly the provision of a printing
apparatus designed to function as a personal
print machine for imparting to printed matter
the appearance of having‘ been specially pre
10 pared for the individuals receiving the same.
Other more speci?c objects will appear from the
description hereinafter and the features of nov
elty will be pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings which illus
trate an example of the invention Without de
?ning its limits, Fig. 1 is a side elevation of the
novel apparatus; Fig. 2 is an opposite side eleva
tion partly in longitudinal section; Fig. 3 is a
plan view with parts broken away; Fig. 4 is a
20 vertical cross-section on the line‘ 4-4 of Fig.
2; Fig. 5 is a fragmentary end elevation; Fig. 6
justment of the upper carrier IE on the head I8
may be effected in any suitable manner, as for
instance, by providing the carrier 2| with a lug
ill in which an adjusting screw 20 is rotatably
mounted, and with a second lug 2! arranged
to serve as a bearing projection for the lower
end of said screw; it will be understood that
suitable provision is made to prevent lengthwise
movement of the adjusting screw 20 in the lug 10
19, without interfering with the rotation of said
screw 20 therein. As shown in Figs. 1 and 2, a
hand wheel 23 or equivalent device may be pro
vided on the adjusting screw 20 to facilitate the
manipulation thereof.
The aforesaid screw 20 .
passes through and is in threaded engagement
with the head l8 so that an operation of said
screw 20 will slidably adjust the carrier [6 on
said head 18 in vertical directions; as shown in
Fig. 2, one or more set screws 24 or any equiva
lent suitable means may be provided for ?xing
the upper carrier [6 in an adjusted position on
is a fragmentary detail section on the line 6-—6
of Fig. 3; Fig. 7 is a detail section on the line
the head I8.
'I—-‘! of Fig. 1; Fig. 8 is a fragmentary sectional
elevation of the apparatus, and Fig. 9 is an en
larged detail View of a novel connection forming
the upper carrier IS with the stamping or pres
sure member I‘! thereon is vertically reciprocated
part of the apparatus.
In its illustrated form the machine is provided
with a frame consisting of spaced, parallel up
right side members ill and a base-plate H ex
tending between and connecting said side mem
bers I U, the latter in addition serving as sup
ports for a horizontal bed-plate l2 located at
a distance above the base-plate 16, as shown
35 in Figs. 2, 4 and 5.
The side members H! of the
frame are continued upwardly in the form of
supports or arms I3 which project horizontally
in spaced parallel relation over the bed-plate
l2 and have their free ends connected by means
of a transverse guide plate Hi removably se
cured in position in any suitable manner as by
means of bolts l5.
As shown in Fig. 2, the guide plate I4 is de
signed to function as a vertical guide for an
“ upper carrier it which
at its lower end is pro
,
In the illustrated example the head l8 and
in synchronism with the associated elements of
the apparatus by means of a rocking lever 25
pivoted at 26 and having its one end pivotally
connected at 21 with said head I8, as shown in
Fig. 2; for the purpose of rocking the lever 25
on its pivot 26, the other end of said lever 25
may carry a roller 28 projecting into a cam
groove 29 of a cam disk 30 ?xed upon a shaft
3| suitably journalled in the arms l3. In order
to permit the upper carrier l6 and its associated
elements to reciprocate in a straight vertical
path in the guide plate M without jamming as
a result of the rocking of the lever 25 in an arc,
the pivot 26 may be carried by members 32 which 40
depend from a pivot 33 mounted on the arms
l3, as shown in Figs. 2 and 4. It may be desir
able at times to vary the vertical movements of
the stamping or pressure member I‘! for the
purpose for instance of adjusting the effective -‘
vided with a stamping or pressure member I‘!
pressure developed thereby; the pivot 33 in the
of any suitable type and ?xed in place in any
form of a shaft journalled in the arms 13 may
conventional way, the arrangement being such
that said upper carrier i6 is vertically slidable
relatively to said guide plate 14, as will appear
accordingly be provided with eccentrics 34 lo
cated within circular bearing rings 35 with 50
more fully hereinafter. For the purpose of ver
tically reciprocating the upper carrier l3 and
the stamping or pressure member H, in the
operation of the machine, said carrier is sup
‘ported upon a head l8, preferably so‘ as to be
which the members 32 in such case are provided.
As illustrated in Fig. 1, the means for actuating
the eccentrics 34‘ may consist of an operating
lever 36 pivoted at 31 on an arm l3 and con
nected by means of a link 38 with a crank-arm 55
2
2,123,013
39 which is ?xed upon and projects radially
from the pivot shaft 33.
As shown in Fig. 2, the bed plate 12 is provided
removal, although it ?rmly secures successive
slugs 54 in place on the lower carrier 4| for move
ment therewith to and from the printing position
with an opening 40 beneath and in registry with '
the stamping or pressing member ll, the latter .and during the actual printing operation. In
being located in vertical registry with a lower certain classes of personalized printing work,
the items to be added to the previously printed
carrier 4| adapted to reciprocate in opposed rela
tion to the upper carrier l5, as shown'in Fig. 2. matter include items which are to be repeated in
The lower carrier 4| is vertically slidable in a combination with the impressions made by suc~
cessive slugs 54. To provide for such contingen
10 stationary upright guide frame 42 suitably se
cured in proper position between the side members
I!) as by means of supporting ?anges 42a bolted
to said side members ill, as shown in Fig. 5;
said lower carrier 4| may be vertically recipro
cated in said guide frame 42 in properly timed
relation with the upper carrier l5 and its asso
ciated elements, by means of any suitable mech
’
anism.
In the illustrated example the latter
consists of a rocking lever 44 carried by a shaft
45 rotatably mounted on the side members H3 and
having its one end forked at 45 for slidable en
gagement with a bearing block 4'! ?xed upon a
pivot pin 48 journalled between lugs 49 forming
part of orsecured to the lower carrier 4 I, as shown
in Fig. 2. Any suitable means may be embodied
in the apparatus for operatively rocking the lever
44 as by providing the latter at its opposite end
with a roller 5|) projecting into the cam groove
5| of a cam disk 52 mounted to rotate with a shaft
30 53 journalled on the side members H) in any con
venient manner.
The novel machine is designed to operate with
printing or impression slugs 54 which carry the
individual items to be printed, as exempli?ed for
5“? instance by means of different persons, in the
form of type cast upon the upper faces of said
slugs in any customary way; it will be understood
that the type on the slugs 54 is always of a char
acter to accord or harmonize with the previously
printed matter to which the items are to be add
ed by the apparatus. The slugs 54 are fed and
bodily transferred to the lower carrier 4| for
movement therewith, and removed therefrom in
succession in a manner to be more fully described
The lower carrier is suitably con
structed to removably accommodate the succes
sive slugs 54 on its upper end and to convey the
CA hereinafter.
said slugs 54 in individual succession to and from
the printing position in which, in co-operation
50 with the stamping or pressure member |‘|, im
pressions are made thereby. In the illustrated
example, the lower carrier 4| is accordingly pro
vided with gripping means of suitable construc
tion and arrangement to provide the desired re
sults. As shown in the drawings, the aforesaid
gripping means may consist of a plate or stop 55
?xed upon the lower carrier 4|‘ and projecting
above the upper face thereof, and a movable
clamping member 56 located in spaced opposed
relation to said plate 55 and carried by a frame
51 pivoted at 58 between the lugs 49 of said car
rier 4|, as shown in Fig. 3; the clamping mem
ber 56 is resiliently controlled by a spring 59 which
bears against the frame 5‘! and yieldingly forces
said clamping member 56 in a direction toward
the plate or stop 55. With this arrangement, the
spring 59 by acting on the frame 5'! serves to force
the clamping member 56 into engagement with
the successive slugs 54 for clamping the same
against the plate or stop 55 during the printing
‘operations. The successive slugs 54 will be re
moved at the proper time from the lower carrier
4| in the manner to be more fully set forth here
inafter, it being understood that the spring con
75 trolled clamping member 56 will not prevent such
cies, the lower carrier 4| may be provided at its 10
upper end with a ?xed vertical projection or
plate 50 located in spaced parallel relation to the
plate or stop 55 and forming therewith a groove
for the reception of type or slugs 6| secured in
place in any suitable manner as by one or more
set screws 52. To still further increase the facili
ties of the apparatus, the clamping member 56
may itself be provided at its upper end with a
groove for the accommodation of additional type
or slugs 53; the latter also may be ?xed in posi
tion in the groove of the clamping member 56 in
any convenient manner as by means of one or
more set screws 64.
It will be understood that
the type or slugs ‘6| and 63 exemplify the matter
which is to be repeated in association with suc
cessive slugs 54, and that in the illustrated ex
ample each operation of the lower carrier 4| to
the printing position will result in impressions
from the type or slugs 5| and 53 in predetermined
relation to the coincidental impression from the
slugs 54 which are successively transferred to the
lower carrier 4|. The type or slugs 6| and 63 will
always make impressions according or harmoniz
ing with the impressions made by the slugs 54
and with the previously printed matter to which .‘
the items are added.
In order to relieve the mechanism whereby the
lower carrier 4| is reciprocated, from excessive
strains during the successive printing operations,
and to enable the lower carrier 4| to resist the .1
pressure developed during the actual printing
steps to thereby produce uniform and e?iclent
impressions from the successive slugs 4| and from
the type or slugs 5| and 63 when the latter are
present, the machine is provided with means
whereby said carrier 4| is supported from be
low during each printing stage. In the illustrated
example the aforesaid supporting means is ex
empli?ed by an arm 65 ?xed upon a pivot shaft
‘66 journalled in the supporting ?anges 424, as
shown in Fig. 5, and provided with a shoulder
51 arranged to extend beneath the lower car
rier 4| when the latter is in its raised position,
said arm 65 having its upper end movable in an
opening 58 in the guide frame 42 as shown in Figs.
2 and 5. The arm 65 may be automatically oper
ated in any suitable manner to remove the shoul
der 5'! from beneath the raised carrier 4| at the
proper time, as for instance by means of a link 69
pivotally connected at 10 with the aforesaid arm
65 and at ‘H with a lug l2 ?xed upon a pivot pin
13 which also carries a tripping pawl 14 and is
rotatably mounted in a bearing '15 upon the base
plate H; the tripping pawl 14 projects into the
path of a projection T6 carried for instance by a
cam disk ‘ll ?xed upon the shaft 53, as shown in
Fig. 2.
The apparatus further includes a container for
a supply of slugs 54, said container being illus
trated in the form of a horizontal chute 78 ex
tending lengthwise of the one side member Ii], as 70
shown in Fig. 3, and dimensioned transversely in
accordance with the length of the slugs 54 which
said chute 18 is designed to accommodate. The
chute 18 is suitably supported in the machine
75
2,123,013
and terminates at its delivery end in registry
withtransferring means and adjacent toan open~.
ing ‘I9 formed in the aforesaid side member I9,
the inner‘ wall a of said chute ‘I8 being provided
CH with a‘ transverse extension 99 as illustrated in
Fig. 3. In the example shown, a guide member
3
carried ‘by an arm 98 pivotally mounted at 99
upon ‘a lug'I99 depending from the member 83
as shown in Figs. 8 and 9; to increase the yield
ability of the connection and to thereby avoid
premature or undesired breakage thereof, the In
arm 98 is. preferably influenced by a coil spring
8| is located and suitably supported‘in‘ trans
|9| or its equivalent as illustrated in Fig. 8.
The lever 9| is oscillated on its pivot 93 in a man
verse relation to the delivery end of the chute ‘I8 , ner to reciprocate the transfer device or plate 89
and projects through the opening 19 beneath the in ‘its operative path lengthwise of the guide wall 10
10 transverse extension 89 of the inner Wall a. of said
82, by‘ means of a cam I92 fixed upon the shaft 53
chute‘IB into delivery relation to the'lower car
and including a cam-groove I93 for the accom
rier 4I when the latter is in its normal lowered ‘modation of a roller I94 rotatably mounted upon
position as shown in Figs. 2, 3 and 5. In prac
the lever 9 I as shown in Fig. 1 and by dotted lines
tice the bottom of the chute ‘I8 may be trans
in
Fig. 3.
15 versely extended to form the guide member 8|
In addition to the parts so far described, the
as illustrated in Fig. 3.
The guide member 8| is
preferably provided with an upright guide wall
82 which extends lengthwise thereof and across
the delivery end of the chute ‘I8 at a distance
therefrom with the one end of said guide wall 82
terminating in spaced parallel relation to the
transverse extension 89 of the inner wall a. of
said chute ‘I8 as shown in Fig. 3; in the preferred
arrangement the distance between the extension
25 89 and the guide wall 82 corresponds approxi
mately to the transverse dimension of the indi
vidual slugs 54 to provide a passage for direct
ing the latter to the lower-carrier 4|. With the
aforesaid arrangement, the guide member 8| and
the guide wall 8?. serve to guide and maintain
the transferring means in its intended operative
path, as will appear more clearly hereinafter.
The aforesaid transferring means, in its illus
trated form, consists of a member 83 slidably
35 mounted on a guide rod 84 extending lengthwise
in parallel relation to the guide wall 82 and
mounted in position thereon in any convenient
manner as by means of brackets 85, as illus
trated in Figs. 3 and 5.
The member 83 carries
4-0 an upwardly projecting arm 89 which is secured
to a block 81 slidable in a slot 88 extending
lengthwise of the guide wall 82, said block 81 in
turn being fastened to a transfer device or plate
89 slidable along the inner face of the guide wall
45 82 as shown in Fig. 3; to facilitate the assembling
and, if‘ necessary, the disassembling of the parts,
the connection between the block 81 and the
transfer device or plate 89 is preferably of an
easily detachable type as exempli?ed for instance
by the headed screw 99 shown in Fig. 8.
'- Any suitable mechanism may be provided for
reciprocating the member 83 lengthwise of the
guide rod 84 to correspondingly operate the trans
fer device or plate 89 lengthwise of the guide wall
55 82 in transverse relation to the chute ‘I8 to trans
fer successive slugs 54 from said chute ‘I8 to a
printing position on the lower carrier 4| for
movement‘therewith, as will be more fully de
scribed hereinafter. In the preferred arrange
60 ment, the aforesaid mechanism includes a lever
9| pivoted at 92 upon a bracket 93 suitaby mount
ed upon the one side wall I9, said lever 9| being
pivotally connected with the previously men
tioned transferring means in a novel manner to
65 permit the connection to be automatically broken
without injury to the parts if this should become
necessary for any reason, such as the develop
ment of unexpected resistance to the operation
of said transferring means. In the illustrated
example, the lever 9| is provided at its free end
with a hooked detent or latch 94 pivoted at 95 on
said lever 9| and yieldingly controlled by a suit
able spring 99 as illustrated in Fig. 9. In the
normal operative condition of the‘ connection, the
detent or latch 94 engages a pin or projection 91
machine includes intermittently actuated means
for advancing the supply of slugs 54 in the chute
‘I8 in successive steps in a manner to bring suc
cessive forward terminal slugs 54 into operative 20
relation to the transferring means to permit said
slugs 54 to be individually shifted from said
chute ‘I8 to a printing position on the lower car
rier 4| for operative movement therewith.
As shown by way of example in the drawings, 25
the aforesaid intermittently actuated means in
cludes an advancing member I92a located cen
trally in the chute ‘I8 in transverse relation there
to and arranged to engage the rearward terminal
slug 54 of the supply contained in said chute ‘I4 as 30
shown in Fig. 3. The advancing member I92a is
riveted or otherwise fastened to the depending
section of an angular bracket I93a carried by a
lever I948L extending horizontally in transverse
horizontal relation to the chute ‘I8 and across and 35
outwardly beyond the outer Wall bl thereof as il
lustrated in Figs. 3 and 6; to facilitate manipu
lation of the lever I94a for the purpose to be more
fully set forth hereinafter, said lever I 948L prefer
ably terminates at its outer end in or is provided
thereat with a suitable handle I95. At an inter
mediate'point in registry with the outer wall I)
of the chute ‘I8 the lever I91."a is secured to a slide
block I96 which depends therefrom into a groove
I91 extending lengthwise of said outer wall I) as J:
shown in Fig. 3; the arrangement is such that the
slide block I98 is capable of readily traveling
lengthwise of the groove I9‘I as will appear more
fully further on in the description. A plate I98
is conveniently fastened in surface engagement
with the upper face of the outer wall I)‘ of the
chute ‘I9 and is provided with a longitudinal slot
I99 preferably of relatively less transverse width
than the corresponding dimension of the groove
vI9‘I; as shovm in Fig. 6, the slot I99 is in off-set
registry with the groove I91 and in combination
therewith provides an undercut groove as is
clearly shown in Fig. 6. At the same time the
slide block I96 is provided along its lower edge
with a longitudinal rib I99a which projects be 60
neath the plate I98 and maintains the slide block
vI99 in the groove I9‘I. In addition to its other
functions, the slide block I99 serves as a fulcrum
‘for the lever I94a to permit manual adjustment of
the advancing member I92a lengthwise of the
chute ‘I8 to different positions therein for prop
er co-operation with varying members of slugs
54 in said chute ‘I8; if for any reason'it should »
become necessary or desirable to remove the slide
block I96 from the groove I9‘I, this may be read- ”
ily accomplished by properly tilting the lever I94a
in a vertical direction to enable the rib I99?1 to
pass upwardly out of the slot I99 of the plate I98.
The feeding mechanism for intermittently ad
vancing the member I928L to correspondingly ad
4
2,123,013
vance the slugs 54 in the chute ‘I8 is arranged to
avoid the development of any feeding strains
tending to bind the slugs 54 in said chute ‘I8 or to
otherwise interfere with the efficient intermittent
CR
I29 and serves to impart resiliency to the bi
partite actuating device I28—I29. The operat
ing member I29 is formed with a slot I33 where
by said member I29 is slidably mounted on the
advance thereof. In its illustrated example, the .shaft 53, and carries a roller vI34 for periodic
aforesaid feeding mechanism accordingly includes engagement by a cam I35 ?xed upon said shaft
an endless sprocket chain H0, the upper run of
which is movable in a slot III extending length
wise of the bottom of the chute ‘I8 in registry with
10 the longitudinal center line thereof. As shown in
Fig. 6, the aforesaid upper run of said chain H0
does not project upwardly beyond said bottom
of the chute ‘I8 and is supported against sagging
on a plate H2 removably secured to the lower
15 surface of the bottom of said chute 18 in registry
with the slot III thereof; in the preferred con
struction the plate H2 may be provided with a
longitudinal recess H3 for the accommodation
of said upper run of the sprocket chain H0.
It
will be understood that the sprocket chain H0
may be replaced by equivalent means if this
should be desired, and that said chain I I0, while
preferred, is intended to exemplify endless de
vices suitable for the purpose.
The sprocket chain I I0 passes over a relatively
25
small sprocket wheel H4 carried by a shaft H5
journalled near one end of the slot H I in a bear
ing frame I I 6 depending from the guide member
8| at a distance from the guide wall 82 thereof.
In addition the sprocket chain I I0 further passes
over a second sprocket wheel I I‘! which, in the il
lustrated example, is of larger diameter than the
sprocket wheel I I4 and is mounted on a shaft I I8
journalled in bearings H9 depending from the
chute 18 near the opposite end of the slot II I, as
shown in Fig. 1. It will be understood that the
sprocket wheels H4 and H‘! are both located in
registry with the slot III so as to maintain and
shift the upper run of the sprocket chain I I0
40 therein in the intended manner.
For the purpose of detachably connecting the
advancing member I02a and its associated ele
ments with the upper run of the sprocket chain
I I0 or its equivalent, the depending section of the
45 angular bracket I03a may be provided with a
downwardly projecting ?nger or lug I20; the
latter is adapted to be inserted into a link of the
chain H0 at the selected point of the upper run
thereof at which the connection is to be made as
50 illustrated in Figs. 6 and 8.
Any suitable mechanism may be provided for
intermittently actuating the sprocket chain H0
or its equivalent to cause the upper run thereof
to correspondingly actuate the advancing mem
ber I02a in a manner to effect the intermittent
advance of the slugs 54 toward guide member
SI for successive delivery to the lower carrier 4I.
As illustrated in Fig. 1 the aforesaid mechanism
may consist of a ratchet wheel I2I ?xed upon the
60 shaft H8 and arranged to be rotatably actuated
by means of a pawl I22. The latter is pivotally
connected at I23 with an arm I24 projecting
radially outward from a bearing I 25 illustrated
in Fig. '7 and loosely mounted on the shaft II 8;
65 gravity may be relied upon to maintain the pawl
I22 in operative engagement with the ratchet
wheel I 2i, or a spring may be provided for this
purpose in any conventional manner.
A second
arm I26 extends radially downward from the
70 bearing I25 and in the illustrated example is
pivotally connected at I2‘I with a link I28 tele
scopically combined with an operating member
I29; a coil spring I30 is located between an an
nular ?ange I3I of the link I28 and a corre
sponding ?ange I32 of the operating member
53 as shown in Fig. 1. With this arrangement,
the cam I35 will be operated in a rotary path
and by periodical engagement with the roller I35
will force the bi~partite actuating device I28
10
I23 to the left in Fig. 1 to rock the bearing
I25 on the shaft H8 and swing the arm I24
in a direction to cause the pawl I 22 to rotat
ably operate the ratchet I2I one step. This step
rotation will be imparted to the shaft H8 and
sprocket wheel II‘! and accordingly will cause
the upper run of the sprocket chain H0 to move
linearly in the slot III and to carry with it the
advancing member I02; this movement of the
latter will be transmitted to the slugs 54 and will 20
shift the latter lengthwise of the chute ‘I8 to
an extent suflicient to bring the front terminal
slug 54 into position for transfer to the lower
carrier 4|. As the cam I35 passes beyond the
roller I34 the parts will be moved in the re
verse direction by the action of the spring I30
and thereby will cause the pawl I22 to travel over
the teeth of the ratchet wheel I2I in a move
ment of recovery ready for the next operative
step to again advance the upper run of the chain
H0 in the slot III. To control the aforesaid
movement of recovery of the pawl I22 and its
associated elements, the bearing I25 may be
provided with a plate I25a lying in surface en
gagement therewith and provided with a third
radially projecting arm I36 arranged to engage
a ?xed stop I3'I to thereby arrest the return
movement of the parts as shown in Fig. 1; to
provide for adjustment of the arm I36 the plate
I25a may include an arouate slot I38 for the 40
accommodation of a set screw I30 carried by the
bearing member I 25 and adapted to maintain
the plate I25a in its adjusted operative relation
to said ratchet wheel I2I. In order to maintain
the sprocket chain H0 or its equivalent against 45
undesired slackness, a suitable tension means
may be provided.
In the drawings, this ten
sion means is exempli?ed by a tension roller I40
over which the lower run of the chain H0 or
its equivalent passes as illustrated in Fig. 1; the 50
tension roller I40 is carried by a shaft I4I ad
justably mounted in a slotted frame I42 depend
ing from the chute ‘I8 as shown in Fig. 1, suit
able provision being made for ?xing the roller
I40 and its shaft MI in an adjusted position.
In the instant machine after a printing opera
tion has been effected by a given slug 54, the lat
ter is removed from the printing position on the
lower carrier M by the next successive slug 54
as it is shifted into printing position on said 60
carrier M in the manner to be more fully set
forth hereinafter.
For the purpose of disposing of the slugs 54
in an orderly manner as said slugs are removed
from the lower carrier 4|, the machine is pro
vided with an inclined chute I43 suitably mount
ed on the machine in receiving relation to the
lower carrier 4! when the latter is in its normal
position, and in delivery communication with
an inclined trough I44 or its equivalent; as shown 70
in Figs. 4 and 5, the chute I43 and trough I44
extend at an inclination downwardly from the
one side member I0 so that successive slugs 54
subsequent to their removal from the lower
carrier M will slide downwardly through the 75
"2,123,018
chute I43 to a position in the trough I44. As the
5
timed relation with the other elements of said
slugs 54 are thus successively deposited in the
trough I44 said slugs are progressively shifted
lengthwise of said trough for removal therefrom
at ‘will in any convenient manner, In theillus
trated example of the machine, this shifting of
the slugs 54 is accomplished by means of a push
ing member I45 normally located at one end of
machine. In its illustrated form, the inking
means comprises a frame I64 mounted on rollers
the trough 244 in operative relation to the chute
lU I43 as shown in Figs. 3 and 5. The pushing
member E45 is carriedby a member ‘I46 ?xed
‘ upon a support I41 provided with a recess for
the accommodation of a rib I48 located upon the
lower surface of the trough I44 for guiding said
support I41 in its operative movements; the sup
port I41 further is slidably mounted upon a guide
rod I49 projecting froma supporting‘ member
I56 whereby the chute’ I43 and‘trough I44 are
supported as shown in Figs. 3 and 5. A link I5I
has its one end pivotally connected at I52 with
the support I41 and its other end pivotally se
cured at I53 upon a block I54 slidable in the
groove I55 of a crank member I56 ?xed upon
the shaft 53 as illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3. With
I65 adapted to travel lengthwise of guide rails I66
located in opposed parallel relation and ?xed
upon the inner faces of the side members II) as
shown in- Figs. 2 and 4. Inking rolls I61 and I68
are rotatably supported upon the frame I64 by
being journalled in the side members thereof,
while a third roller I68 is mounted on said frame 10
in a specific manner to be more fully described
hereinafter. The inking rolls I61 and I68 are
continuously in rolling engagement with actuat
ing rolls I16 while the inking roll I69, in its oper
ative position, is also in rollingcontact with one 15
of said actuating rolls I16 as illustrated in Fig. 2.
The actuating rolls I16 are carried by shafts I1I
which are rotatably mounted preferably in up
wardly open recesses formed in the side members
of the frame I64, so as to be readily removable
therefrom at will. The shafts I1I of the actuat
ing rolls I16 carry suitable pinions which mesh
20
with stationary racks I12 secured in proper posi
tion in the apparatus in any convenient manner.
With this arrangement, as the frame I64 is pro— 25
this construction, the extent of reciprocation of pelled lengthwise of the guide rails I66, the afore
the link ~I5I and the operative movements of the said pinions will roll along and be rotated by the
pushing member I45 may be selectively varied racks I12 to correspondingly rotate the actuating
to meet existing conditions by adjusting the posi
rolls I16; as a result the latter because of their
tion of the block I54 in the groove I55 of the vfrictional surface engagement with the inking 3.0
30 crank member I56. Suitable provision is made
rolls I61, I68 and I69, will cause said inking rolls
for ?xing the block I54 in its adjusted position to be rotated upon their several ‘axes to thereby
in the groove I55; for instance, the pivot I53 bring about an efficient inking of said rolls
may be in the form of a threaded pin adapted to
I61, I68 and I69 and an efficient distribution of
receive a nut I51 which clamps the block I54 the ink thereby upon the type of the slug 54 35
in place without interfering with the pivotal clamped upon the lower carrier 4| at the time.
movements of the contiguous end of the link I~5I Ink is supplied to the surface of the roll I69 by
on the pivot I53.
means of a transfer roll I13 when the frame I64
In practice it sometimes happens that the is in the retracted position illustrated in Fig. 2,
slugs 54 in the chute 18 temporarily cling to (each said transfer roll I13 being removably journalled 40
40 other and interfere with the transfer of a front in bearing brackets I14 and arranged .to receive a
terminal slug 54 by the transfer device 89 {to the surface coating of ink from a distributing roll I15
lower carrier 4I. To overcome this interference,‘ removably journalled in an ink reservoir I16 sup
if and when it develops, the aparatus is provided ported upon an auxiliary bed plate I11 extending
with means for periodically impacting successive between and suitably secured to the side members 45
front terminal slugs -.54 in the chute 18 or in the L6 as shown in Fig. 4. To regulate and control
guide member 8% to thereby agitate said slugs 54 the coating of ink picked up by the distributing
and disconnect any slugs 54 which may tempo
roll I15 from the supply in the reservoir I16, a
rarily cling together. In the illustrated example,
the aforesaid agitating means comprises a lever
I58 pivoted at I59 upon one of the flanges 42a as
illustrated in Figs. 2 and 5; the lever ,-,I58_ at its
lower end carries an impact screw I166 or equiv
alent projection, located in the path of .a bracket
IE-I rigidly secured to the arm .65 ‘as illustrated
in Figs. 2' and 5. At its upper free end the lever
I58 carries a pin I62 which is movable in ‘a slot
I63 provided in the one side member I6, as shown
in Fig. 2, said pin I62 projecting through said
slot I63 into the guide member 8I. With this
arrangement, each time the arm ‘65 is pivotally
actuated to release the lower carrier 4| for down
ward movement, the bracket .I6I will strike the
impact screw I66 ‘or its equivalent‘and swing the
lever I58 on its pivot ‘I59 to cause the ‘pin I62 to
doctor or scraper I18 may be mounted in the res
ervoir I16 in tangential surface engagement with 50
the roll .I 15‘ as illustrated in dotted lines in Fig. 2;
the doctor ,or scraper I18 may be controlled by an
adjusting screw I19 for the purpose of adjusting
the active edge of said doctor I18 relatively to the
surface of .the roll I15. It will be understood that 55
‘in the operation of the inking means, the ink is
distributed by the roll I15 to the transfer roll I13
and by the latter to the inking roll I69 each time
the latter contacts with said roll I13 in the re- .
tracted position of the frame I64; the inking rolls 60
I61 and I68 in turn receive coatings of ink
through the medium of the actuating rolls I10
as will be apparent.
In the illustrated example of the apparatus
thedistributing roll I15 is intermittently rotated 65
impact and agitate the front terminal‘slug 54 iin'the reservoir _I16,‘oy means of a pinion I86 ?xed
prior to its engagement by the transfer device upon the shaft of the roll I15 in mesh with a
83; the aforesaid impact of the pin I62 ‘serves to second pinion I8I carried by a shaft I82 suitably
agitate the slugs 54 to an extent su?icientto dis
journaledin the one side member ID. The pinion
connect the front terminal slugs ;54 if it should ,I8I is actuated by meansof a ratchet wheel I83
to the next succeeding slug 54. v
“fixed upon the shaft I82 and rotatably advanced
10 adhere
The machine further includesmeanssfor inking _in.successive steps by means of a pawl I84 piv
the type locatedon the slug 5,4 which ‘is located otally mounted on an oscillating lever I85 and
on the lower carrier 4I for;movement therewith
in engagement with the
to the printing position,,said inking means being vyielldingly maintained
‘ratchet wheel I83 by means of a spring in any _75
‘of any suitable type and operating in properly
6
5,123,013
conventional manner. The lever I85 is loosely
mounted. for pivotal movement on the shaft I82
and is provided with a longitudinal slot I86 as
shown in Fig. l; a link I87 is pivotally connected
at one end with the lever I85 by means of a suit
able clamping means adjustable lengthwise of the
slot I86 and including an easily manipulated nut
I88 whereby the clamping means is ?xed in its
adjusted position in the slot I 86 without inter
ference with the pivotal movements of the con
tiguous end of the link I87. At its opposite end,
the latter is pivotally connected at I89 with an
upright operating member I99 pivotally attached
at I9I to one of the side members I9 and carry
15 ing a- roller I92 at its upper end, as illustrated
in Fig. l. The operating member’ I99 is rocked
on its pivot I9I by means of a suitable cam I93
?xed upon the shaft 53, provision being made in
any conventional manner to maintain the roller
I92 in rolling contact with said cam I78. With
the illustrated arrangement the cam I93v as it
rotates with the shaft 53 will rock the operating
member I99 on its pivot I9I and through the
medium of the link I87 will correspondingly oscil
25 late the lever 585. The pawl I84 will thereby be
caused to alternately develop operative move
ments and return movements whereby the ratchet
cause the pawl I98 to rotate the ratchet pinion
E97 in successive steps to-thereby correspondingly
rotate the platen I94.
Due to the fact that the actuating rolls I79
are geared to the racks I72 and in frictional con
tact with the inking rolls I67, I68 and I69, and
because the inking roll I69, when the frame I64
is in its retracted position, is in frictional en
gagement with the transfer roll I73 which in
turn is in surface contact with the‘ distributing 10
roll I75, this entire train of rolls is in geared con
nection with said racks I72 at the time the frame '
I64 is near the terminus of its rearward move
ment. Unless provision is made to temporarily
release said train of rolls from the restraining ef 15
fect of its geared connection with the racks I72,
it is quite obvious that the operation of the dis
tributing roll I75 by its actuating mechanism
will be opposed when the frame I64 reached a
position in which the transfer roll I73 engages
the inking roll I69, and that injury to the mecha
nism or disturbance of its operation may result.
To avoid this possibility the inking roll I69 is
journalled in bearing members 296 pivoted upon
the side members of the frame I64 and carrying 25
rollers 297 which throughout the major portion
of the movements of said frame I64 and its as
wheel I83 is rotatively operated in successive steps. sociated elements are arranged in rolling engage
This periodical operation of the ratchet wheel. ment with members 298 suitably ?xed in place
I83 will be communicated to the pinion I8I and " and extending lengthwise of the racks I72 as
in turn transmitted thereby to the pinion I89 illustrated in Fig. 2. The bearing members 296 30
whereby the distributing roll I75 will be inter
are acted on in any convenient manner by springs
mittently rotated in the reservoir I76. The eX
tending to force said rollers 297 in an upward
tent of rotative movement imparted to the dis
direction. As shown in Fig. 2, the members 269
tributing roll I75 each time the pawl I84 actu
are formed with recesses 299 located in registry
ates, the ratchet wheel I88 may be varied and with the paths of travel of the rollers 297 and
regulated at will by shifting the clamping means adapted to receive said rollers when the frame
I88 lengthwise of the slot I86.
I64 reaches the end of its return movement.
To still further increase the e?iciency of the When the rollers 297 pass into said recesses 269
inking mechanism, the inking rolls I67, I68 and the bearing members 296 will be pivotally actu
I69, during the reciprocation cf‘ the frame I64, ated by their springs in a direction to shift the
are caused to pass over and in rolling contact
roll I69 out of surface contact with the
with the upper surface of an inking platen I94 inking
one actuating roll I79 so that at this stage the
whereby the ink is evenly distributed over the inking roll I69, the transfer r011 I73 and the dis~
peripheral surfaces of said inking rolls I67, I68 tributing roll I75 are no longer in geared con
45
and I69. The platen I94 is carried by an up
nection with the racks I72 and accordingly are
right shaft I95 rotatably mounted in an upright free to rotate independently of the rolls I67, I68
bearing I96 projecting upwardly from the aux
iliary bed plate I77, as shown in Figs. 2 and 4. and I79. As soon as the rollers 297 pass out of
299 when the frame I64 begins an
For the purpose of intermittently rotating the the recesses
movement, the bearing members 296 50
platen I94, the shaft I95 carries a ratchet pinion ‘operative
will be pivotally operated against the tension
I97 arranged to be rotatively actuated in succes
of their springs to return the inking roll I69 into
sive steps by means of an operating pawl I98
shown best in Fig. 3. The pawl I98 is pivotally surface engagement with the one actuating roll
I79 and to restore it as part of the train of rolls
mounted on the upper end of an upright lever
in
geared connection with the racks I72; it will 55
I99 pivoted at 299 upon lugs 29I projecting up
be understood that when this occurs, the inking
wardly from the base-plate II, as illustrated in roll
I69 has been carried out of engagement with
Figs. 2 and 4; any suitable type of spring as
the
transfer
roll I73 by the forward movement of
shown for instance at 292 may be provided for the frame I64
on the guide rails I66.
60 yieldingly maintaining the pawl I98 in engage
The reciprocation of the frame I64 on the 60
ment with the ratchet pinion I97. The lever I99, rails
I66 in proper operative synchronism with
in the arrangement shown in the drawings, is
the
other
elements of the machine may be ac
provided with a cam projection 293 of suitable
complished by means of any suitable mechanism,
form arranged to be acted on by a roller 294 ro
an example of which is shown in the drawings.
65
tatably carried by the rocking lever 44, each time ‘ In its illustrated form this mechanism comprises
the latter operates the lower carrier 4| in Vertical racks 2I9 slidably mounted in guides 2II sup 65
directions; a coil spring 295 surrounds the pivot
299 of the lever I 99 and develops a tension on the
latter tending to hold said lever I99 in operative
70 engagement with the roller 299 at all times. It
will be obvious with the arrangement set forth
that, as the rocking lever 44 is actuated to ver
tically operate the lower carrier 4|, the roller
294 by acting on the cam projection 293 will rock
75 the lever I99 on its pivot 299 and accordingly will
ported at opposite sides of the machine on the
respective side members I9 in any suitable man
ner. The racks ,2I9 are connected with the side
members of the frame I64 by preferably releas 70
able couplings or links 2I2 pivoted at 2I3 on said
side members of the frame I 64 as shown in Fig. 2.
The racks 2I9 furthermore mesh with toothed
segments 2I4 ?xed upon a shaft 2I5 journalled
in the side members I9 and carrying a lug 2I6 75
‘2,123,013
which is pivotally connected at 2 IT with an oper
ating member 2|8 operated by a suitable cam on
the shaft 53, said cam being arranged to rock the
segments 2|4 through the medium of the oper
ating member 2 I8 in a manner to reciprocate the
racks 2| 0 and thereby correspondinglyoperate
the frame I64 and its associated‘ elements.
The machine as a whole may be operated by
any conventional form of driving mechanism as
10
exempli?ed by the belt 2I9 and pulley 220, the
latter being fixed upon a drive shaft 22I rotat
ably mounted on the side members I0. The shaft
22I carries a pinion in mesh with a gear 222
?xed upon a countershaft 223 journalled in the
side members I0 and provided with a pinion 224
arranged in mesh with gears 225 and 226 secured
respectively upon the shafts 3| and 53 as indi
cated diagrammatically in Fig. 2.
For‘the purpose of simplifying the explanation
20 of the operation of the apparatus and without in
any'sense intending thereby to limit the scope
thereof, it will be assumed that the slugs 54' are
provided with lines of type rep-resenting the
‘ names of selected individuals.
It will be under
stood that the aforesaid lines of type are located
on the slugs 54, ‘in each instance, so as to occupy
the proper printing position when said slugs 54
are in place on the lower carrier 4| for movement
therewith to effect the impressions; as previously
30 stated, the type on‘ said slugs 54 is always of a
character to accord or harmonize with the previ
ously printed matter to which the items are to
‘be added by the apparatus.
-
In practice a supply of slugs 54 iscontained
in the chute ‘I8 in adjacent relation to each other,
with the advancing member I02 in engagement
with the rearmost terminal slug 54 ‘as shown in
Fig. 3. If it should be necessary to disconnect
the advancing member I02 from the chain H0
or its equivalent, in order to adjust said member
40 I02a into contact with the aforesaid terminal
7
its equivalentcarrie'd: by the slug 54 which is in
printing position on the lower carrier 4|; it will
be understood that the associated slugs or type
6| and 63, if present on the carrier 4|, will coin
cidentally have 'made impressions in associated
relation to the impression made by the particular
slug 54. At this stage as shown in Fig. 3, the
transfer device or plate 89 is in position to trans~
fer the next succeeding slug 54 from the guide
member BI to the printing position on the lower 10
carrier 4| and at the same time to remove the
preceding slug 4| therefrom.
As the apparatus continues in operation, the
lever 0| will be swung on its pivot 92, by the
action of the cam-groove I03 on the roller I04, 15
in a direction to shift the transfer device or
plate 89 lengthwise of the guide wall 82 in a
downward direction in Fig. 3. This movement
of the transfer device or plate 89 will be trans
mitted to the front terminal slug 54 and will 20
shift the latter through the space between the
extension 80 and guide wall 82 into end to end
contact with the preceding terminal slug 54 which
at this stage is carried by the lower carrier 4|.
As these operations continue, the previously 25
printed slug 54 will be forced from the lower
carrier 4| and will finally be replaced thereon
by ‘the next succeeding slug 54, ‘as will be ap
parent; as the preceding slug 54 is thus removed
from the lower carrier 4|, it will pass down the
inclined chute I43 into the inclined trough I44.
In proper synchronism with the other mecha
nism, the pushing member I45 will be actuated
by the link I5|, the crank member I56 and as
sociated elements tov shift the slug 54 lengthwise 35
of the trough I44 out of the way of the next
succeeding slug when the latter is likewise re
moved from the lower carrier 4|. It will be un~
derstood that the operative force of the transfer
device or plate 89 whereby the removal of one
slug 54 from the lower carrier 4| by the next suc
ceeding slug 54 is accomplished, is suf?cient to
slug 54, this may be easily accomplished by sim
ply pressing downwardly on the handle I05 in overcome the resilient clamping action of the
Fig. 6. This will‘rock the lever I04a with the clamping member 56; it is further to be under
stood that the resistance to the removal of a 45
_ slide block I06 acting as a fulcrum in the groove
I01 and consequently will lift the ?nger or lug slug 54 from the lower carrier 4| interposed by
I20 out of engagement with the upper run of the clamping member 56 is not sufficient to break
the sprocket chain IIO. With the parts in this the connection between the lever 9| and the
condition, the slide block I06 is free to slide transfer device or plate 89. If, however, for any
lengthwise of the groove I01 to thereby shift reason unexpected resistance to the transfer 50
the advancing member I02“ lengthwise of the of one slug 54 from the guide member 8| to the
chute ‘I8 into proper engagement with the rear— lower carrier 4| and the coincidental removal
most terminal slug 54. When this adjustment therefrom of the next preceding slug 54 should
develop, the pin or projection 91 will be auto
has. been effected, the lever I04’1 is rocked in‘ the
matically
disconnected from the detent 94 which
return- direction .to re-insert the finger or lug
I20 into a link of said upper run of the chain will yield under such circumstances as is clearly
N0; the advancing member I02a is thus again apparent in Fig. 9; when this occurs, the trans
connected with the feeding mechanismwhereby ferring means is automatically disconnected from
the slugs 54 are intermittently advanced in the the operating means and injury to the parts is
accordingly prevented. It is, of course, obvious 60
chute ‘I8 for successive transfer to the lower car
that the detent 94 must be again connected with
60 rier 4|. With‘the aforesaid arrangement, the ad
vancing member I02a may readily be adjusted the pin 91 before the operation of the appa
ratus is continued to thereby restore the connec
to any position in the chute ‘I8 ‘for proper co
operation with the slugs 54 regardless of the tion between the transfer device 89 and the op
65
number thereof within the capacity of said chute erating lever 9|.
When the replacement of the slugs on the lower
' ‘I8. If for any reason it should be desired or be-<
carrier 4| has taken place and the transfer de
come necessary to completely remove the advanc
ing member I025 and its associated elements vice or plate 89 hasbeen returned to its normal
position to await subsequent operation by the
from the apparatus, this may be done by swing
cam groove I03‘ and. cooperating elements, the 70
ing. the handle I05 downwardly in Fig. 6 to a po
sition' which permits the rib I06a of the slide apparatus is ready to eifect the printing step.
Previous to. the aforesaid operations or at any
block I06 to pass upwardly out of the slot I09.
In describing the operation, it will be assumed appropriate period thereof, the sheet of paper
I that in Figs. 2 and 3 the apparatus is in a posi— or equivalent material on‘ which the printing is
tion subsequent to the printing of the name or to be‘ done‘ by the- slugs or type 6| and 63‘, if pres a
8
2,123,013
ent, ‘and by the particular slug 54 located at the
time on the lower carrier 4|, has been placed in
proper position upon the bed plate I2 with the
space in which the items of said slugs 54, 6|
GI and 63, are to be printed in registry with the
opening 49 therein.
In proper synchronism with the above opera
tions, the operating member 2I8 operated by its
cam in the shaft 53 will rock the shaft 2|5 to
swing the segments 2I4 in a direction to cause
the racks 2I6 to gradually shift the frame I64
lengthwise of the guide rails I66 toward the left
in Fig. 2. During this travel of the frame I64,
the inking rolls I61, I68 and I66 to which ink has
been transferred from the transfer roll I13, will
be rotated about their axes through the medium
vof the actuating rolls I16 ‘operated by their pin
ions in co-operation with the racks I12; in the
movement of thev frame I64 lengthwise of the
20 guide rails I66 in the manner described, the ink
ing rolls I61, I68 and I69 will pass over and in
surface contact with the inking platen I94 so
that the surface of said rolls I61, I68 and I69
will become evenly coated with printing ink.
The operations are so timed that the inking rolls
I61, I68 and I69 will successively pass over and
in contact with the line of type located on the
slug 54 which is ?xed upon the lower carrier 4|
at the time, and over and in contact with the type
of the adjacent slugs 6| and 63, if present, to
apply a coating of ink to said lines of type for
printing purposes; the frame I64 and the ele
ments carried thereby will be shifted in a re
turn direction to a suf?cient degree to move the
35 inking rolls I61, I68 and I69 backward beyond
the vertical path of the carrier 4| before upward
movement of the latter has commenced. After
the inking of the slug or slugs on the carrier 4|
has been ?nished, the rocking levers 25 and 44
40 will be rocked on their pivots in inverse relation
by the cam grooves of their respective operating
cams. As a result the upper carrier I6 will be
moved downwardly to correspondingly move the
pressure member I1, while the lower carrier 4|
45 with the slug 54, and the slugs 6| and 63, if
present, will simultaneously be adjusted in an
upward direction to carry said slugs to the print
ing position. The arrangement is such that the
stamping or pressure member I1 will engage the
50 upper surface of the paper or other material
which is to receive the impressions at approxi
mately the same moment that the lines of type on
the slugs located on the carrier 4| engage the
lower surface of said sheet at the point at which
55 the impression or impressions are to be made.
It will be understood that the upper carrier I1
has previously been adjusted by means of the
adjusting screw 20 or its equivalent to set the
stamping or pressure member I1 in a position for
co-operation with the printing slug 54 and the
associated slugs BI and 63, if present, to produce
e?icient and satisfactory impressions therefrom.
As the lower carrier 4| is moved upwardly, the
shoulder 61 of the arm 65 will pass beneath the
65 lower end of said carrier 4| and thereby serve to
support the lower carrier 4| from below while
the slug 54 and associated slugs 6| and 63 are
making impressions so that the operating mecha
nism is relieved from excess strains during the
70 actual printing operations. If for any reason it
should become necessary to temporarily adjust
the pressure developed by the stamping or pres
sure member I1 in opposition to the printing
75
pressure developed by the printing slugs, this
adjustment may be accomplished at will by
swinging the operating lever 36' on its pivot 31
to rotatably adjust the shaft 33 and eccentrics 34
carried thereby and to thus temporarily change
the location of the pivot 26 on which the lever 25
is arranged to swing. When the printing slug 54,
, and associate slugs 6| and 63 have made their
impressions on the paper or equivalent material
located on the bed plate I2, the pin 16 will engage
the tripping pawl 14 which accordingly will be
swung on its pivot 13 in a direction to develop l0
a pull upon the link 69 and swing the arm 65
toward the left in Fig. 2 and to thereby remove
its shoulder 61 from beneath the lower carrier 4|.
Continued operation of the mechanism will rock
the levers 25 and 44 in inverse relation in return
directions. so that the upper carrier I6 will be
moved upwardly while the lower carrier 4| at the
same time will be moved downwardly back to the
positions shown in Fig. 2, whereupon the cycle
of operations described will be repeated. As the
shaft 53 is rotated during the operations set forth
above, the crank member I56 will rotate there
with and by means of the link |5I and related
elements will reciprocate the pushing member I45
at periodic intervals in a manner to advance the
slugs 54 accumulated in the trough I44 in suc
cessive steps lengthwise thereof; the operative
movements of the pushing member I45 to shift
the accumulated slugs 54 in the trough I44 are
so timed that the end portion of the trough I44
located in registry with the chute I43 will always
be free to receive the slugs 54 as they are suc
cessively transferred from the lower carrier 4|.
In propersynchronism with the operative steps
above set forth, the upper run of the chain H9
is actuated by the pawl I22 and ratchet wheel
I2I and their associated elements to shift the
advancing member II'IZa lengthwise of the chute
18 to thereby bring the forward terminal slug 54
therein into position for transfer to the lower 40
carrier 4| at the proper time.
It will be noted
that the force developed by the advancing mem
ber I62a is exerted centrally of the supply of slugs
54 in the chute 18; it will further be noted that
the slide block I66 in co-operation with the cen
trally located lug I20 and centrally located upper
run of the chain III], prevents the force of the
advancing member “12a from being exerted in an
unbalanced manner on the slugs 54 and thereby
45
assures a free advance of the latter without any 50
tendency to bind in said chute 18.
It will be understood while the operations de
scribed in detail hereinbefore are taking place,
that the other parts of the apparatus are being
operated in proper synchronism therewith; in
other words, the distributing roll I 15 is being ro
tated in the reservoir I16, the platen I94 is being
rotatably actuated on its axis I95, and the lever
I58 with its pin I62 is being periodically rocked
to separate the terminal slug 54 if it should have 60
temporarily adhered to an adjacent slug.
The machine’is extremely simple in construc
tion and operation, and provides for the addition
of predetermined items to previously printed ma
terial in such a manner as to personalize the
printed matter and to give the impression that
65
all of it was specially printed for instance for a
particular person or a particular purpose. The
apparatus further provides for the combination
of certain‘ ?xed additional items to be printed 70
in. associated relation with the successive chang
ing items. The apparatus in addition is con,
structed to automatically prevent injury to the
mechanism‘ as a result of the development of
unexpected obstructions, in the operation there
2,123,013
' 9
'ofyand- accordingly requires noparticularly skilled
‘4. In a printing machine of the kind described,
" on‘ the Apart-of ‘the operator is the ‘placing of a
vided‘with type items tobe printed, an upright
tsup‘ervisionlin its operation. All that is required a ‘horizontal 'chute'for a plurality of ‘ slugs pro
@supply of slugs154 in the chute 18; if the asso
ciated items are to be ‘printed in predetermined
lrelation to the changeable items contained on
the slugs 54, the proper slugs 6i and 63 or their
‘ equivalent need only be placed in proper position
‘ ~on‘the lower carrier‘lll. In the operation of the
F10" ‘apparatus, the slugs 54 which print the succes
‘sively different items and add the same to the
previously printed matter, are transferred bodily
tofthelower carrier 4| for movement therewith to
tthe printing position in opposition and ‘in opera
“tive synchronism with the pressure member l'l;
“With‘this arrangement, absolutely uniform im
‘pressions are produced in a simple and efficient
:manner. ‘It will be obvious that with the instant
apparatus additional matter composed either
~20 wholly-or in part of successively changing items,
may-‘be added to matter previously produced by
‘any suitable printing operation such as printing
"from ‘type or lithographing, etc. In any case,
"when the additional item or items have been
‘added to‘the previously produced material, the
‘result will present the appearance of having been
‘produced coincidentally in a manner to give the
printed matter as a whole a highly personalized
‘ character, giving the impression of having been
“ 30
(produced specially, for instance, for the recipient.
‘Various changes in the speci?c forms shown
and described may be made within the scope of
the claims without departing from the spirit of
I the- invention.
I» claim:
1. Ina printing machine of the kind described,
‘a support for a plurality of slugs provided with
type items to be printed, printing mechanism
including a printing member normally in re
ceiving relation to said support, a transfer de
vice ‘for transferring successive slugs from said
support to said printing member, mechanism for
"operating said device, and a connection between
said mechanism and device adapted to be auto
145 ‘matically broken upon the development of abnor
“mal resistance to the operation ‘of said transfer
device.
2. he printing machine of the kind described,
"a support for a plurality of slugs provided with
type items to be printed, printing mechanism in
cluding a printing member normally in receiving
relation to said support, a transfer device for
transferring‘ successive slugs from said support
"to “said printing member, mechanism including
“ 55 an operating member for operating‘ said device,
'and‘a detent connecting said lever with said de
‘vice adapted to yield and automatically break said
‘connection upon the development of abnormal
resistance to the operation of said transfer device.
'3. In a. printing machine of the kind described,
a; chute for a plurality of slugs provided with type
"items to be printed, printing mechanism includ
ing a- printing member normally in receiving re
lation to said chute, a guide wall extending across
‘the delivery end of said chute, a transfer device
slidable along said wall for transferring suc
cessive slugs from said chute to said printing
member, mechanism including a rocking lever
for reciprocating said transfer device on said guide
wall, and a detent yieldingly mounted on said
'leverfor connecting the latter with said transfer
‘device, said detent being automatically shifted
tobreak said connection upon the development
‘of abnormal resistance to the operation of said
transfer (device.
wall extending lengthwise of said chute,.a trans- ‘
verse extension I at one end of said wall, an-upright *
guide wallextending transversely across the-de
livery end of said chute in spaced relation to said
transverse extension to form therewith an exit
passage, said guide wall being provided with-a
longitudinal slot, printing mechanism including
aeverticallyoperating printing member normally
in receiving relation to said exit passagepa'block
slidably'mounted in the slot of said=guide wall, a
transfer device carried by said'block and movable
therewith-along said'guide Wall for transferring
successive slugs from said ‘chute through said
exit passage to said printing member, a guide
rod extending in'parallel relation to said guide
wall, an arm slidably mounted on said rodand
connected with said block, a projection movable
with said arm, a rocking lever pivotally movablein
a ‘horizontal plane, means for operating said
lever, and ‘a detent yieldingly mounted on said
lever and normally in engagement with said‘ pro
jection to operatively connect said lever with
said transfer‘device, said detent being automati
cally disconnected from said‘projection tobreak
the connection between the rocking lever and the
‘transfer device upon the development of abnor
mal resistance to the operation of the latter.
v5. In a printing machine of the kind described,
printing mechanism including a printing mem
ber, a support for a plurality of slugs provided
with type items to be printed, means for trans
ferring successive slugs from said support ‘to
said printing member, an intermittently operated
endless device having its one run in operative
relation to said support, and means detachably
connected with said one run of said operating
device and 'movable thereby relatively to said
support for intermittently shifting said slugs to
bring‘successive slugs into operative relation to
said transferring means.
I
1
6. In a printing machine of the kind described,
printing mechanism including a printing mem
ber, a chute for a plurality of slugs provided with
type items to be printed and having a slot-ex
tending lengthwise thereof, means for transfer
ring successive slugs from said chute to said
printing member,‘ an endless chain having-its 50
one run movable in said slot, means for operat
ing said chain in intermittent steps to corre
spondingly move said one run thereof lengthwise
of said slot, and advancing means detachably
connected with said one run of said chain and
intermittently movable thereby lengthwise of
said chute to bring successive slugs into opera
tive relation to said transferring means.
7. In a printing machine of the kind ‘described,
printing mechanism including a printing mem 60
ber, a chute for a plurality of slugs provided with
type items to be printed and having “a ‘slot ex
tending lengthwise‘thereof, means for transfer
ring successive slugs from said chute to said
printing member, an endless chain having its 65
one run movable in said slot, means for operat
ing said chain in intermittent steps to corre~
spondingly move said one run thereof lengthwise
of ‘said slot, an advancing member detachably
connected with said run of said chain and in 70
termittently movable thereby lengthwise of said
chute to bring successive slugs into operative re
lation to said transferring means, and means
carrying said advancing member and movable
therewith by said chain, said ‘means ‘being op 75
10
2,123,013
, erative to- connect said advancing member with
for maintaining said block therein and for selec
said chain and to disconnect it therefrom at will.
8. In a printing machine of the kind described,
printing mechanism including a printing mem
ber, a chute for a plurality of slugs provided with
type items to be printed and having a slot ex
tively serving as a fulcrum on which said lever
may be pivotally operated to connect and discon
nect the advancing member with and from said
chain at will.
tending lengthwise thereof, means for transfer
ring successive slugs from said chute to said
printing member, an endless chain having its
a support for a plurality of slugs provided with
.10 one run movable in said slot, means for operat
ing said chain in intermittent steps to corre
spondingly move said one run thereof lengthwise
of said slot, an advanicng member detachably
connected with said run of said chain and in
.15 termittently movable thereby lengthwise of said
chute to bring successive slugs into operative re
lation to said transferring means, a carrier for
said advancing member, and a slide block mov
able lengthwise of said chute in spaced parallel
20 relation to said chain for guiding said carrier
and for acting as a fulcrum on which the latter
may be pivotally operated to selectively connect
and disconnect the advancing member with and
from said chain.
25 9. In a printing machine of the kind described,
printing mechanism-including a printing mem
her, a chute for a plurality of slugs provided
with type items to be printed and having a slot
extending lengthwise along the longitudinal cen
30 tre of said chute, a grooved wall extending
lengthwise of said chute in spaced parallel re
lation to the slot thereof, means for transfer
ring successive slugs from said chute to said
printing member, an endless chain having its one
35 run movable in said slot, means for intermit
tently operating said chain to correspondingly
move said one run lengthwise of said slot, an ad—
vancing member detachably connected with said
run of said chain and intermittently movable
40 thereby lengthwise of said chute to bring succes
sive slugs into operative relation to said trans
ferring means, a lever carrying said advancing
member and extending transversely across said
grooved wall, and a slide block movable length
45 wise of said grooved Wall and connected with
said lever for guiding the latter and said ad
vancing member lengthwise of said chute, said
slide block selectively serving as a fulcrum for
said lever whereby the latter may be pivotally
50 operated to connect and disconnect the advanc
ing member with and from said chain at will.
10. In a printing machine of the kind de—
scribed, printing mechanism including a printing
member, a chute for a plurality of slugs pro
65 vided with type items to be printed and having
a slot extending lengthwise along the longitudi
nal centre of said chute, a wall extending length
wise of said chute and provided with a longitu
dinal undercut groove means for transferring
60 successive slugs from said chute to said printing
member, an endless chain having its one run
movable in said slot, means for’intermittently
operating said chain to correspondingly move
said one run lengthwise of said slot, an advancing
65 member detachably connected with said run of
said chain and intermittently movable thereby
lengthwise of said chute to bring successive slugs
into operative relation to said transferring
means, a lever carrying said advancing member
70 and extending transversely across said grooved
wall, a slide block movable lengthwise of said
undercut groove and connected with said lever
for guiding the latter and said advancing mem
ber lengthwise of said chute, and a rib extending
75 along the inner edge of said block in said groove
11. In a printing machine of the kind described, \
variable type items to be printed, printing mech
anism including a movable printing member nor
mally located in receiving relation to said sup-; 10
port, means operating in timed relation to said
printing member for shifting successive slugs from
said support to a printing position on said print
ing member, clamping means for removably
clamping said slugs in place on said printing mem
15
ber, and means on said clamping means for ac
commodating additional type items in associated
printing relation to the type item on each slug
successively carried by said printing member.
12. In a printing machine of the kind described, 20
a support for a plurality of slugs provided with
Variable type items to be printed, printing mech
anism including a movable printing member nor
mally located in receiving relation to said sup
port, means operating in timed relation to said 25
printing member for shifting successive slugs
from said support to a printing position on said
printing member, means on said printing member
for carrying additional type items in associated
printing relation to the type items on each slug ,30
successively carried by said printing member,
and clamping means for removably clamping suc
cessive slugs in place on said printing member.
13. In a printing machine of the kind described,
a support for a plurality of slugs provided with
variable type items to be printed, printing mech
anism including a movable printing member nor
mally located in receiving relation to said sup
port, means operating in timed relation to said
printing member for shifting successive slugs 40
from said support to a printing position on said
printing member, means on said printing mem
ber for carrying additional type items in associat
ed printing relation to the type items on each
slug successively carried by said printing mem 45
ber, clamping means for removably clamping suc
cessive slugs in place on said printing member,
and means on said clamping means for carrying
additional type items in associated printing rela
tion to said ?rst named additional type items 50
and to the type item on each slug successively
carried by said printing member.
14. In a printing machine of the kind described,
a support for a plurality of slugs provided with
type items to be printed, printing mechanism in
cluding a printing member normally in receiv
ing relation to said support, a transfer device
for transferring successive slugs from said sup
55
port to said printing member, mechanism for
operating said device, and means for automati 60
cally impacting successive terminal slugs on said
support to disrupt any developed clinging to an
adjacent slug prior to the transferring operation
of said transfer device.
,
15. In a printing machine of the kind de
scribed, a support for a plurality of slugs pro
65
vided with type items to be printed, printing
mechanism including a printing member nor
mally in receiving relation to said support, a
transfer device for transferring successive slugs 70
from said support to said printing member, mech
anism for operating said device, pivotally mount
ed impacting means, and means for periodically
actuating said impacting means to loosen a ter
minal slug which may cling to an adjacent slug,
11
2,123,013
prior to the transferring operation of said trans
fer device.
'
16. In a printing machine of the kind de
scribed, a support for a plurality of slugs pro
vided with type items to be printed, printing
mechanism including a vertically reciprocable
printing member normally in receiving relation
to said support, means for transferring succes
sive slugs from said support to said printing mem
10 her, a releasable device for supporting said print
ing member to resist the impression pressure
during printing, a pivotally mounted impacting
device, an adjustable projection carried by said
impacting device, a bracket movable with said
15 releasable device, and means for shifting the lat
ter to and from its operative position to co
incidentally cause said bracket to operate said
impacting device and thereby loosen a terminal
slug which may cling to an adjacent slug, prior
20 to the transferring operation of said transfer
ring means/
17. In a printing machine of the kind de
scribed, printing mechanism including a print
ing member arranged to carry type items to be
printed, inking means for inking successive type
25 items on said printing member prior to the print
ing operation, means including a distributing roll
for supplying said inking means with ink, and
adjustable mechanism for intermittently rotat
ing said distributing roll to a varying extent.
30
18. In a printing machine of the kind de
scribed, printing mechanism including a print
ing member arranged to carry type items to be
printed, inking means including inking rollers,
for inking successive type items on said printing
member prior to the printing operation, a rotat
ably mounted inking platen over which said ink
ing rolls are adapted to travel, and means for
intermittently rotating said inking platen.
19. In a printing machine of the kind de
scribed, printing mechanism including a ver
tically reciprocable printing member arranged to
carry type items to be printed‘, inking means, in
cluding inking rollers, for inking successive type 10
items on said printing member prior to the print
ing operation, a rotatably mounted inking platen 7
over which said inking rollers are adapted to
travel, means for rotatably actuating said platen,
and means for vertically operating said printing 15
member and for coincidentally operating said
platen actuating means to intermittently rotate
said platen.
20. In a printing machine of the kind de
scribed, a support for a plurality of slugs pro
vided with type items to be printed, printing
20
mechanism including a printing member nor
mally in receiving relation to said support, means
for transferring successive slugs from said sup
port to said printing member to coincidentally 25
remove successive preceding slugs therefrom, a
chute for receiving the discarded slugs, a trough
for receiving the slugs discarded from said chute,
a pushing member, and adjustable means for
reciprocating said pushing member relatively to 30
said trough whereby the discarded slugs are in
termittently shifted lengthwise thereof.
HARRY L. LATZ.
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