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July 5,' 1938. SPRING DEVICE FOR DRILLING MACHINES Filed May 3, 1937 _9 _ 11mm: - 2,123,048 A. HOSSFELD ‘ 2 Sheets-Sheet l July 5, 1938. ‘ HQSSFELD SPRING DEVICE FOR DRILLING MACHINES Filed May 3, 1937 2,123,048 _ 2 Sheets-‘Sheet 2 - W ‘ Even/04x" MMM We?!” Patented July 5, 1938 6 2,123,048 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,123,048 SPRING DEVICE FOR. DRILLING MACHINES Albert Hossfcld, Winona, Minn. Application May 3, 1937, Serial No. 140,335 6 Claims. (Cl. 267-1) My present-invention relates to drilling ma Figs. 5 and 6 are detail views with some parts chines of the type disclosed and broadly claimed sectioned on the lines 5-5 and 6—6 of Fig. 4; in my United States Letters Patent No. 1,888,668 Figs. '7 and 8 are views of the parts shown in issued of date November 22, 1932. In this type Fig. 5 separated the one from the other; 5 of drillingymachine, the drill is mounted on a Fig. 9 is a view corresponding to Fig. 4 with reciprocating carriage for endwise reciprocating the exception that the spring has been contracted movement that is independent of the reciprocat su?iciently to permit the removal of the post ing movement of the carriage. A pair of com sections and its spring cap from the post; and pression springs is provided for reciprocating Fig. 10 is a view corresponding to Fig. 9 with the exceptionthat the post section and spring 10 10 the drill at a greater speed than that of the carriage. One of these springs acts as a pro cap have been removed from the post. pelling spring for the drill to produce its opera The drilling machine fragmentarily illustrated tive stroke and the other of said springs acts as in the drawings is fully shown, described, and a buffer spring for the drill. The propelling broadly claimed in Patent No. 1,888,668 hereto spring is placed under tension by the drill dur fore fully identi?ed. 15 ing its return stroke and drives said drill by its Of the parts of the drilling machine shown, it expanding movement at a high velocity during is important to note the drill II, the main frame its operative stroke. The buffer spring is placed I2, the carriage I3, the tilting frame I4, the under tension by the drill during its operative connecting rods I5 for reciprocating the carriage 20 stroke and its expanding movement returns or I3 on the frame I4, the drill propelling spring 20 retracts the drill at a high velocity. Due to the device I6, the buffer spring I1, and the friction high velocity at which the drill is operated, the grip I8. The drill I I includes a body I9 in the lives of ordinary propelling and buffer springs are form of a long round steel rod and a cutter 20 relatively short. on one end of said body. The objection to the propelling spring was overcome by substituting therefor a novel spring device disclosed and broadly claimed in my United States Letters Patent No. 1,930,098 of date on the carriage I3 for compound reciprocatory and rotary movements. The tilting frame I4 includes a pair of later ally spaced guide posts 2| and a pair of cross-tie plates 22 rigidly secured thereto and held later ally spaced thereby, the one from the other. A 30 October 10, 1933, and entitled “Spring device for 30 drilling machines”. It is now the object of this invention to provide ‘ novel means for increasing the life of the buffer 35 This drill I I is mounted striker plate 23 for the grip I8 rests on the cross tie plates 22 and is rigidly secured thereto. spring and facilitate the application thereof to The carriage I3 includes an upper cross-head the drilling machine or the removal of the same 24 slidably mounted on the posts 2|, a lower cross-head 25, and a pair of rods 26 which hold said lower cross-head suspended from the up per cross-head 24 between the cross-tie plates 22. The drill II extends axially through the spring device I6 and the buffer spring IT, and which spring device I6, at its outer end, is attached to a rotatable bearing 21 on the cross-head 24 and is oscillated during reciprocatory movement of the carriage I 3 by connectionsZB fromv said bear ing to the tilting frame I4. Obviously, the bearing 21, and hence the up per cross-head 24, affords a base of resistance for the spring device I6 and the buffer spring I‘! therefrom. To the above end, generally stated, the inven tion consists of the novel devices and combina tions of devices hereinafter described and de ?ned in the claims. In the accompanying drawings, which illus trate the invention, like characters indicate like parts throughout the several views. Referring to the drawings: Fig. 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of .a 45 drilling machine having the invention embodied therein; Fig. 2 is a fragmentary detail View partly in front elevation and partly in central vertical sec rests on the lower cross-head 25 which affords a tion; base of resistance therefor. The friction grip I8 is mounted on the drill body I9 between the ,01 C Fig. 3 is a view principally in plan showing the buffer spring device, lower cross-head and its suspending rods removed from the drilling ma chine; Fig. 4 is a View partly in front elevation of 55 the parts shown in Fig. 3; spring device I6 and normally rests on said the drill II therefrom striker plate 22 and therewith. the buffer spring I1, and buffer spring .and supports with the grip I8 above the normally out of contact 55 2 2,123,048 Operation of the drilling machine thus far de scribed may be briefly described as follows, to wit: As the carriage l3 starts its upward travel the compressed buffer spring I‘! expands against the grip I 8 and gives the drill H a powerful up ward throw which causes the same to travel at 36 which extend between the prongs 34. Each prong 36 has on its lower end a pair of oppositely projecting lugs 31. It will be noted that the lugs 31 underlie the lugs 35 and are held in engage ment therewith by the buffer spring I‘! which :1 is held compressed between the lower cross-head 25 and the spring cap 32. a much faster speed than the speed of the car By reference to Figs. 5 to 8, inclusive, it will riage. During this upward travel of the drill II, the grip l8 engages the spring device 16, com presses the same under powerful tension and at which time the spring device l6 absorbs the shock of the drill H and brings the same to a stop at the limit of the upward travel of the carriage I3. Downward movement of the carriage l3 gives the drill i I a powerful downward throw which is accelerated by the expansion of the compressed spring device l6 and causes the drill H to attain be noted that the post section comprising the prongs 34 and 38 and the lugs 35 and 31 has the JO same external diameter as the post 29 and that a high velocity as it travels to its work. At or practically at the end of the downward stroke of the drill H the grip I8 is brought to a stop by its engagement with the striker plate 22 and as the drill H advances into the rock, it drives itself through the grip 18 by the force of its the buffer spring H, which encircles the post 29 and the post section 33, holds said section axially aligned with the post 29. By compressing the buffer spring ll’ so that its upper end is be low the post section 33 said section and spring cap 32 may be removed from the post 29 by a radial movement thereof relative to the post 29 to separate the prongs 35 from the prongs 34 and the lugs 37 from the lugs 35. After the spring cap 32 is removed from the post 29 and the ten sion on the spring l'l released, said spring and post may readily be removed from the carriage I3. As a novel means for compressing the spring ll ‘ 9' momentum. The feeding of the drill H through the grip l8 takes place at a series of almost im to permit the application of the spring cap 32 perceptible steps of movement. During the op to the post 29 or the removal of the same there from, I provide a pair of collars 38 and a pair erative or downward stroke of the drill II, the grip l8 engages the buffer spring I1 and places 3O the same under tension. For the purpose ‘of this case it is not thought necessary to describe in detail the rotary move ment imparted to the drill I l except to state that during the upward travel of the carriage l3 and while the grip H3 is in engagement with the spring device l6, said spring device is given a turning movement by connections 28 which imparts a like movement to said drill by frictional en gagement between the spring device l6 and the 40 grip [8. Referring now in detail to the present inven tion which includes the buffer spring 11, it has been found in actual operation of the drilling machine that when the buffer spring I‘! was al lowed to exert its full expanding force on the upwardly moving drill II, that the life of said spring was comparatively short due to the ?nal stretching movement thereof during each return stroke of said drill. It has also been found that by limiting the ex panding movement of the buffer spring I‘! that the life thereof was materially increased. As one means for limiting the expanding movement of the buffer spring I1, I provide a tubular post “3- 29 which extends axially through a central pas sageway 39 in the lower cross-head 25 with freedom for endwise sliding movement. This post 29, above the lower cross-head 25, extends ax ially through the buffer spring I‘! and has on its lower end an annular shoulder 3| which engages the under side of said cross-head as a stop that limits the upward movement of said post through the cross-head 25. Removably applied to the up per end of the post 29 is a spring cap 32 which overlies the upper end of the buffer spring I‘! and holds the same compressed between said cap and the cross-head 25. Formed with the spring’ cap 32 is a depending post section 33 axially aligned with the post 29 TU and forming an extension thereof. The post 29, at its upper end portion, is bifurcated to afford a pair of upstanding prongs 34 each of which has at its upper end a pair of oppositely pro jecting lugs 35. The post section 33 is also bi furcated to afford a pair of depending prongs of nut-equipped draw-bolts 39. Each collar 38 has an internal recessed annular seat 40 adapt ed to receive the upper convolution of the spring ll, outwardly of the spring cap 32, or the stop flange 3!. On the perimeter of each collar 38 is a pair of diametrically opposite apertured lugs 4| through which the bolts 39 extend. It will of course be understood that any other suitable means may be used to compress the buffer spring H’. To apply the buffer spring de vice to the lower cross-head 25, the same must be done before said cross-head is placed in the drilling machine, or, in case the spring I‘! breaks or it is necessary to remove the same, the lower cross-head 25 must be removed from the drill machine by detaching its suspending rods 26 from the upper cross-head 24. It may be assumed that it is necessary to re move the buffer spring device from the lower cross-head 25, and in which case the spring com presser 38—39 is applied to said device as shown in Fig. 4. With the spring compressor thus ap plied, the nuts on the bolts 39 are turned there on to draw the upper collar 38 toward the lower collar 38 and compress the spring I? to a point in which the top of the upper collar 38 is below the inner end of the post section 33, see Fig. 9. 55 In this position of the upper collar 38 the post section 33 may be detached from the post 29 by a relative radial movement, see Fig. 10. After the post section 33 is removed from the post 29, the spring compressor is operated to release the ten sion on the spring Ill and thereafter removed from said spring. From the above description it is evident that the post 29 and the post section 33 will limit the expanding movement of the spring I‘! and at the same time prevent stretching of said spring during its operative movement to retract the drill II. At the time the grip l8 strikes the spring cap 32, during the working stroke of the drill H which places the spring i'l under 70 tension, the post section 33 will be moved there by axially relative to the post 29 until the play between the post section and post has been taken up and thereafter the engagement of the post section 33 with the post 29, during further com 75 3 2,123,048 pression of the spring II, will move said post axially through the aperture 30 in the lower cross-head 25.. It may be here stated that it is highly im portant that the top portion of the structure holding the spring I‘! under compression be very light in Weight so that when the same is hit by the grip I8 carried by the drill II, which is mov ing at a very high velocity, the impact will not 10 be su?icient to break down the structure of the grip l8, which is preferably made from ?bre. The aperture in the striker plate 23 is just large enough to permit the spring IT to work freely therein and cannot be enlarged for the 15 reason that the surrounding area is necessary to afford a striking surface for the grip l8. In view of this structure it will be seen that the embodiment of the device for holding the spring I‘! under tension within the external diameter of 20 the spring I1 is necessary. The invention described has in actual usage proven that it is possible to easily replace a bioken buffer spring on the job with comparatively little work and expense. What I claim is: 25 1. A spring device comprising a post having at one end a spring base and at its other end a spring cap, a coupling connecting the spring cap and post, the coupling comprising separable 30 members, one ?xed to the spring cap and the 2. The structure de?ned in claim 1 in which the spring normally holds the spring cap against removal from the post. 3. The structure de?ned in claim 1 in which the members of the coupling are free to permit a limited axial movement of the spring cap rel ative to the post. 4. The structure de?ned in claim 1 in which the spring is normally held under compression between the spring base and the spring cap. 10 5. A spring device comprising a post having at one end a spring base, the other end portion of the post being bifurcated to afford a pair of laterally spaced upstanding prongs, a cap hav ing a pair of depending laterally spaced prongs 15 extending at a right angle to the prongs on the post, the lateral spacing of one pair of said prongs being such as to permit the other pair of prongs to pass therebetween by a lateral move ment of the spring cap relative to the post, a 20 coiled spring encircling the post and. held be tween the spring base and the cap, the pairs of prongs having opposing stop lugs holding the spring cap against axial separation from the post, said pairs of prongs and stop lugs being 25 separable by a lateral movement of the spring cap relative to the post, said spring being ca pable of compression to a point below the stop lugs to permit lateral movement of the spring cap relative to the post and the separation of 30 other to the post, the members of said coupling being separable only by a lateral movement of the same therefrom. 6. The structure de?ned in claim 5 in which the spring cap relative to the post, and a coiled the stop lugs are at the outer ends of the prongs and separable to“ permit a limited axial move ment of the spring cap relative to the post. spring encircling the post and held between the 35 spring base and the cap, ‘said spring being ca p-able of compression to a point in which the spring cap may be removed from the post by a relative lateral movement. ALBERT HOSSFELD.