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Патент USA US2123157

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July 5, 1938. '
Filed Aug. 21, 1957
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Patented July 5, 1938
Karl Kastel, White Plains, N.`Y., assigner to
Gutenstein` Brothers,` Inc., New York, N. Y., a
corporation of New York "
Application August 21, 1937, Serial No. 160,201
‘4 Claims. (Cl. 220-55)
This invention relates primarily to a metal case
for containing cigarettes, but may also be utilized
for containing other articles for personal use,
such as cosmetics or compacts and the like. The
5 object of the invention is to provide a case, which
may be made of two sections, both of which are
, hinged so that each may be brought to open posi
tion but the case is so constructed that only one
,section of the case will open, that being the sec
10 tion of the case which faces in an upward direc
tion, the other portion of the case being closed
at such time and forming the bottom thereof.
Upon reversal of the case, so that what was the
bottom, becomes the top of the case, this section
15 Lmay open to provide access tothe inside of the
case. In other words, the case is so constructed
that the upwardly directed section is the cover
and the downwardly directed section constitutes
the body. The opening of both sections is con
trolled by a single latch, but the case is so or
ganized that the latch, when actuated, releases
only the section of the case which is facing up
wardly or in an upward direction.
In the drawing, Fig. 1 is a perspective view of
25 the case; Fig. 2 is a plan View of the case with
one section open; Fig. 3 is an enlarged detail
sectional plan view of the front portion of the
through the slot I3, but nevertheless allowing the
linger piece to slide in the slot so that the heel Iii
of the finger piece may be projected backwardly
toward the rear wall of the housing. The finger
piece is urged forwardly by the leaf spring l'l, the
free end of` which bears against the plate l5 and
the opposite end of which is soldered or otherwise
secured at i8 to the inside surface of the front 3
of the case. r_T.‘he finger piece is so mounted that
it can be pushed inwardly, but upon being re
leased, will be projected outwardly again by the
leaf spring Il. The rear wall l2 of the housing 3
is provided with a two-part latch piece i9. This
latch piece I9 is `made of a section of spring metal
having a slit 2i) formed therein, forming two arms
2i and 22, each of which arms is provided at the
end thereof with a latching member 23 provided
at the ends thereof with hooks 24, which hooks
are adapted to engage underneath the narrow
strips of metal 25, which are located at the for 2.0L
ward edge of the two sections 5 and 6 and slightly
spaced therefrom in order to provide clearance
for the hooks 24. The latching members 23 may
move backwardly and forwardly in the recesses`
26. The latch I9, being made of spring metal,
normally tends to force the latching members 23
forwardly with respect to the front 3 of the case
case; Fig. 4 is an enlarged sectional detail on the
and consequently, the latching members 23 are
line 4_4 of Fig. 3; Fig. 5 is anV enlarged detail
within the recesses 26 as deeply‘as they can seat
30 section on the line 5_5 of Figs. 2 and 3 and Fig. 6
is an enlarged face View of the finger piece and
its pressure spring.
The case is provided with sides 2, a front por
tion 3 and a back portion 4, which are suitably se
35 cured together by rivets, soldering, or otherwise to
provide an open frame. Two substantially like
sections 5 and ß are hinged to the back portion 4 of
the case, the hinges carrying each section being
of the same construction and is shown at 'l in
connection with the section 5. Each section 5
and '6 is spring controlled, the spring exerting
constant pressure upon thesections 5 and 6, tend
ing to throw them to open position. Any spring
of suitable type may be utilized for this purpose
45 and a spring is shown at B in connection with the
section 5.
In the forward portion of the case, that is, di
rectly in back of the front 3, a housing 9 is
provided consisting of the section of metal con
50 stituting the front 3 and three additional strips of
metal lli, Il and l2. A finger piece I3 is mounted
in the front 3 of the frame, projecting through
a slot i4 formed therein. The inside of the finger
piece i3 is provided with a plate l5, which is of
55 such size as to keep the finger piece from escaping
themselves and in such position, the two sections 39.1
5 and 6` are locked by the engagement of the re
spective latching` members 23` with the strips 25. i
The finger piece i3, is not of itself, suñìcient in
thickness, whenl pushed inwardly, to contact the
latching members 23, although the heel i3 of the
finger piece is aligned with the latching members
23'. The relation of the latching members 23 and
the heel l5 of the finger piece i3 and the superd
posed spring il is such as to provide a space 21,
which normally separates the latching members 40
23 from being acted upon when the ñnger piece
i3 is pushed inwardly. A gravity control member
28 is positioned in relation to the space 21 and
this gravity control member, by reason of the
position which it assumes, controls the opening
of one or the` other sections 5 and 6. The gravity
control member 28 consists of a pendulum-like
member 29, which is pivoted at 30 on the resilient
spring finger 3l soldered at 32 to the inside of
the rear wall of the housing 9. The pendulum 29 50
comprises an extension 33, which is on one side of
the pivot 33 and is projected forwardly to always
be within the space 2l, and an extension 34, which
is slightly heavier with respect to the extension 33,
or weighted in relation thereto in order that the 55
position of the extension 33 in the space 21 is
controlled by the gravity position assumed by the
weighted end of the extension 34. The extension
33 is provided at its free end with a pin-like pro
jection 35. The thickness of the projection 35
and the portion of the extension 33 immediately
beneath it is slightly less than the space 21 meas
ured from the inside of the heel I6 to the plane
in which the latching members 23 normally lie.
It will be observed from the foregoing descrip
tion that the weighted end 34 of the pendulum
29 will always drop to its lowermost position and
as it thus drops to its lowermost position, it raises
the extension 33 to a position whereby the pro
15 jection 35 will be aligned with the latching mem
ber 23, which cooperates with the section 5 or 6
of the case, which happens to be facing or di
rected upwardly. In other words, the projection
35 will align with one latching member 23 only
20 the degree of movement given said projection 35
as to moving it beyond the slit 20, in order that
the projection 35 shall be aligned with one latch
ing member only. When the ringer piece I3 is
pushed inwardly, the heel I6 thereof engages
25 against the projection 35 and forces the projec
tion against the latching member 23 with which
it is aligned, pushing the latching member rear
wardly so that the hook end thereof 24 clears the
locking strip 25, whereupon the spring 8 will force
30 this particular section to open position, as il
lustrated in Fig. 2. The operation of the device
is such that the weighted end of the pendulum
will always be down by reason of its gravity con
trol and consequently, the projection 35 will al
35 ways be up, aligned with the particular latch 23
which is directed in an upward direction and con
sequently, connection is made only with the latch
member which is projecting upwardly when the
iinger piece is pushed inwardly and this section
40 alone will open` During such time, the other
section of the case forms the bottom of the case
and will hold the articles which are therein and
this section will not open because of the separa
tion last mentioned, latching member and the
45 f heel of the linger piece I3. If the case is now re
versed so that the section which was formerly the
bottom of the case is directed upwardly, the act
of so reversing the case causes the weighted end
of the pendulum to fall, thereby shifting the op
50 posite extension 33 and the projection 35 to align
with the latching member 23, which is directed
upwardly, causing the latch to release the cover
when the ñnger piece is pressed in, the extension
35 providing the connection between the finger
v55 piece and the so upwardly projecting latching
The case is primarily devised for handling cig
arettes, but it may be utilized for holding other
articles and for this purpose may be provided with
a shelf to form two compartments, in which com
pacts, face powders, or other articles may be car
I claim:
1. In a case, for cigarettes or other articles, two
hinged sections, each section being adapted to
move with respect to the other section, a lock for
each section, a ñnger piece, normally spaced
from said locks, a pivotally arranged gravity con
necting member, adapted to interpose itself be
tween said finger piece and one of said locks,
said gravity connecting member bridging the
space between said finger piece and lock and
transmitting the thrust from said ñnger piece to
said lock, independently of the other lock, to
unlatch the same.
2. In a case, for cigarettes or other articles, two
hinged sections, each section being adapted to 20
move with respect to the other section, a lock
for each section, a finger piece, positioned in the
forward wall of the case and adapted to slide
with respect to said locks, said finger piece and
locks being spaced apart, an independent, gravity 25
operated control, said control comprising a piv
oted pendulum-like member, one portion thereof
extending between said finger piece and one of
said locks and held therebetween by the opposite
weighted portion of said pendulum-like member, 30
said pendulum-like member, when the position
of the case is reversed, moving on its pivot and
interposing one end thereof in alignment with the
other lock.
3. In a case of the character set forth in claim 35
2, in which the locks are provided with oppositely
facing latching members, each latching member
being carried upon an arm, said arms being sep
arated from each other and being independently
movable with respect to each other.
4. In a case of the character set forth in claim
2, in which the sections of the case are provided
with spring means for urging them to open posi
tion and in which the locks are provided with
spring pressed latches, which normally urge such 45
latches toward locking position, and in which the
finger piece is spring pressed and urged to its out
ward position, one end of the gravity actuated
pendulum-like member is provided with a pin,
said end moving in an arc, between said latching
members and said finger piece and projecting
said pin in alignment with the particular latch,
which is directed upwardly to form a connecting
member between the ñnger piece and said last
mentioned latch.
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