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July 12, ‘I ARCH ‘SUPPORTING A. E. BLOCK APPARATUS ’ Filed-Nov. 17, 1934 ‘ _ _ s Sheets-Shggt 2 a > . VENTOR: ALEXANDER E. BLOCK BY ' A TTORNE Y5 July 12, 1938. 'A_ E, BLOCK 2,123,176 ARCH‘SUPPORTING APPARATUS Filed Nov. 17, 1934 3 Sheets-Shoot I5 /// /////////////////////,:'//. m. I Ill/I16. z; [il/I “w” ‘ v _ INVENTOR; ALEXANDER E. BLOC/f 'BYWJW ATTORNEYS Patented July 12, 1938 - , 2,123,176 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ’ 2,123,176 _ ARCH SUPPORTING APPARATUS Alexander E. Block, University City, Mo. Application November 17, 1934, Serial No. 753,465 ‘ 17 Claims. This invention relates to shoes of the type that are equipped with removable or adjustable pads, (01. 36-71) suitable retaining means. The term “pad”, as herein used, is intended to refer to and include inserts or cushioning devices which are adapted any kind of a device or element that is used to to be arranged in various positions for correct- cushion, support, treat, or provide comfort for 5 ing or assisting in the treatment of various foot diseases or ailments. ‘ a part or portion of the human foot. ‘5 Brie?y described, my invention consists of a One object of my invention is to provide a shoe of the general type mentioned, that ‘is com- shoe provided withapad carrier or holding means connected to the‘ inner sole of the shoe, and con pact, light in Weight, inexpensive to construct structed from pieces of relatively thin, ?exible 10 and equipped with a plurality of metatarsal arch pads and longitudinal arch pads that are positioned in pockets of ‘novel construction and ar‘rangement. ‘ ‘ sheet material, such as leather or fabric; one or 10 more pockets at the forward end of said carrier accessible from the top side of same and adapt ed Another object is to provide a shoe of the genl5 eral type mentioned, in which the holding means or retaining means for the removable pads is formed from pieces ‘of relatively thin,_ ?exible sheet material, such as leather or fabric, connected together in such a way as to form meta20 tarsal arch pad pockets of novel arrangement to receive one or more metatarsal arch pads; one or more longitudinally-disposed pockets accessible from the top side of said carrier and 15 adapted to receive one or more longitudinal arch pads’; and a rear end pocket on said carrier ac cessible from the top side of same and adapted to receive a heel pad. Said carrier is preferably provided with a plurality of metatarsal arch pad 20 whose rear ends are open, and longitudinal arch _ pockets arranged in overlapping relationship and pad pockets having side openings,‘ thereby enabling the shoe to be worn comfortably without the pads, due to the fact that the pad holding 25 means is thin enough or ?at enough to cause no annoyance or discomfort to- the user when the pads are not in operative position. ‘ having their rear ends open so as to permit the metatarsal arch pads to be easily introduced into‘ their pockets, and the longitudinal arch pad pockets have side openings through which the 9,5 longitudinal arch pads may be easily introduced into said pockets. - Due to the fact that the var Another object is to provide a shoe that is ious pockets above referred to are formed from equipped with a metatarsal arch pad and a novel pieces of thin, ?exible sheet material, the carrier, 30 holding or retaining pocket for said pad, con- as an entirety, is relatively thin and will lie flat 30 structed so that the pad is accessible from the against the inner sole of the shoe without caus rear end of the pocket and is capable of being ing annoyance or discomfort to the user, if no adjusted in an extreme forward position, where- pads are mounted in the pockets of the carrier. in the pocket acts as an abutment to limit the The metatarsal arch pads may be constructed in 35 forward movement of the pad and hold the pad ' various ways and made of various shapes, but I 35 so that a portion of same extends beyond the prefer to use rubber or other soft material, and front end of said pocket, thereby enabling the Construct each in the form Of a substantially shoe to be used to cure, correct or relieve meta- feather-edged element of approximately disk tarsal arch trouble that cannot be successfully shape, provided on one side with a flat face and 40 handled with shoes or arch supporting apparatus on its opposite side with a convex surface having 40 of conventional construction. ‘ And still another object of my invention is to an eccentrically-disposed hump, a metatarsal arch pad of this particular form being capable provide a shoe that is equipped with a novel heel of a multitude of adjustments, owing to the fact pad pocket and also with -a heel pad of novel that it may be turned end for end or turned up 45 construction. Other objects and desirable fea- side-down. The longitudinal arch pads may also 45 tures of my invention will be‘ hereinafter pointed be ‘of various shapes and constructed of various out, materials. In the preferred form of my inven I have herein illustrated my invention embod- ' tion herein illustrated the shoe is provided with ied in a shoe, but I wish it to be understood that a single outer longitudinal arch pad that is sub 50 my invention is applicable to arch supporting stantially wedge-shaped in transverse cross sec- 50 apparatus of the type that are adapted to be re- tion, and a plurality of inner longitudinal arch movably mounted in a shoe and also arch sup- pads arranged end to end, in overlapping rela porting apparatus of the type that are adapted to be inserted in a shoe and held in position on 55 the inner sole of the shoe by an adhesive or‘other tionship, and each being of substantially wedge shape in cross section. The pockets for the metatarsal pads, in addition to- being arranged in 55 2 2,123,176 overlapping relationship, are so disposed with re lation to the pockets for the longitudinal arch pads that one or more of the metatarsal arch pads can be adjusted or arranged so as to‘ overlap one or more of the longitudinal arch pads. The pockets for the inner and outer longitudinal arch designated as an entirety by the reference char acter .r in Figure 3, provided with pockets in which said various pads are positioned. As shown in Figure 3, the carrier as is provided at its front end with two overlapping pockets 2 and 2*1 that (.1 are adapted to receive the metatarsal arch pads pads are also preferably arranged in overlapping relationship, and the rear end portions of the pockets for the outer longitudinal arch pad and. one of the inner longitudinal arch. pads extend over or are in overlapping relationship with the pocket for the heel pad. In using the shoe one A and A’, respectively, a longitudinally-disposed pocket 3 that is adapted to receive the outer lon gitudinal arch pad B, two pockets 4 and 4a (see Figure 12) that are adapted to receive the inner 10 longitudinal arch pads C and C’, respectively, ranged in the carrier or pad holding means, de and 12, and as hereinafter more fully explained and a rear end pocket 5 that is adapted to re or more of the pads previously referred to is ar- - ceive the heel pad D. As shown in Figs. 3, 10 15 pending upon the particular kind of foot trouble ’ the heel pad pocket 5 extends unbrokenly across of the user, and after the trouble has been cor rected or remedied, the pads may be removed from the carrier so that the carrier will lie flat upon the inner sole of the shoe. 20 7 , i . . Figure 1 of the drawings is a top plan view, partly broken away, of: a shoe ‘embodying my present invention. ' ‘ ' > " Figure 2 is a vertical longitudinal sectional view, taken on the line 2--2 of Figure 1. 25 s - ' ' ' ' - " >: Figure 4 is a top'plan view of'the outer longi tudinal 30 arch pad. - ‘ ' . Figure 5 is a top plan view‘of one of the meta tarsal arch pads. ' ' ~ 7 ' ' Figures 6 and 7 are top plan views of the tw inner longitudinal arch pads. ' > Figure 8 is a perspective view-of the heel pad, Figure 9 is a perspective view of the removable’ ML insert of the‘ heel pad.‘ ' a > is secured to the carrier by a transverse hinge or joint so that when the rear end of said top piece is~lifted or'swung upwardly, a space is formed corresponding in width to the transverse width of the heel portion of the inner sole, in which a heel pad can be positioned. Figure 3 is a perspective view of the carrier or pad holding means with no pads, arranged'in same. the entire transverse width of the inner sole, said pocket being formed by a stationary base ‘piece and a movable top piece whose front end 1 The carrier :1: is preferably made from a’ plurality of shaped pieces of thin, flexible sheet material such as leather or fabric, connected together by stitches y and permanently attached to the inner sole I of the shoe, as, for example, by means of a transversely-disposed curved row of stitches 2, as shown in Figures 1 and 2", the portion at the rearv end of said carrier which constitutes the bottom of the heel pad pocket 5 being also pref erably attached to the heel portion of the inner sole I, as,‘v for example, by the clinched or turned - over upper ends of the nails 6 used to attach the heel l of the shoe to the outer and inner soles of the shoe. In order to protect the user’s hose spectively, ofFigure 3. ‘ " '» " ‘— - from direct contact with the pads or pad carrier, 40 Figure 12 is another perspective view of the said carrier is provided with a sock liner or top carrier ‘or pad holding means, showing the open- 7 piece '8 whose front end is secured by the trans ings of the pockets in said carrier'which are verse row of stitches .2, previously mentioned, the adapted to receive the vinner longitudinal arch rear end portion of said sock liner or top piece 8 Figures 10 and 11 are’ transverse sectional views, taken on the lines l0—l0 and H--'I I, re pads. ' ' ' " ‘ Figure 13 is a‘ vertical transverse ‘sectional view, taken through the heel portionof the shoe, showing the longitudinal arch pads removed from the carrier and the heel ‘pads arranged in operative 50 position. ' ' ‘ ' Figure 14 is a view similar to Figure'1’3, show ing the heel pad removed and the outer longi tudinal arch pad arranged in operative position in the carrier. ' ‘ " ' ' ' " Figure 15 is a similar View, showing the heel 55 pad removed and one of the inner longitudinal arch pads arranged in operative position. Figure 16 is a vertical transverse sectional view, taken ‘through the instep portion of' the shoe, showing the ‘carrier equipped with only one longitudinal arch pad, i. e.‘,‘ the inner longitudinal arch pad that lies directly behind'the metatarsal arch pads.‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ ’ ‘ ' Figure vl’l'is a fragmentary top plan view, il lustrating another adjustment of the metatarsal 65 arch pads; and ‘ ‘ ' ' ' ' Figure 18 is a transverse sectional view,‘ taken on the line l8-l8 of Figure 17. ' ’ In the drawings [designates the inner sole of my improved shoe which is equipped with an 70 arch supporting apparatus, ‘preferably built into being free or unattached, so that said top piece may be lifted when it is desired to adjust or re arrange one or more pads of the apparatus. The metatarsal arch pads A and A’ are pref~ erably of the form shown in Figure 5, each of said pads consisting of a feather-edged element, constructed of rubber or other suitable material, and provided with a ?at bottom face and a con at the opposite end of said element is a tang or reduced portion it‘ which isiused to hold the pad in adjusted position in its pocket. Thus, shown in Figures 3 and 12, the top piece of each meta tarsal arch pad pocket is provided with a ?ap or reduced extension having a plurality of trans 60 versely-disposed slits ll that are adapted to re ceive the tang or reduced portion it! at the rear end of thepad positioned in said pocket. To position either of the metatarsal arch pads, the pad is introduced into the rear end of its pocket, 65 and after it has been set in the correct position, the tang ll] of the pad is inserted in one of the slits H in the ?ap on the'top piece of the pocket, thereby causing the pad to be interlocked with the top piece of its pocket in such a way that 70 the shoeso as to form an integral part ‘or same. it is effectively held'against accidental shifting. Said apparatus comprises two metatarsal arch In order to increase the range of adjustment of the metatarsal arch pads'one or both of the pockets at the forward end of the carrier :1: may pads A_ and‘ A’, an outer longitudinal arch‘pad B, two inner longitudinal varch pads 'C and C’, a 75 heel'pad'D, and a carrier or pad holding means, 50 vexed top face having an eccentrically-disposed hump 9, as shown more clearly in Figures 5 and 18.‘ One end of saidelement is tapered, and have its top piece cut away, as, for ‘example, at 76 ‘2,123,176 l2, as shown in Figures 3. and 1. ‘This cut away portion l2 of the top piece of the pocket is of less length than the width of the opening at the rear Vendof the pocket through which the pad is introduced into the pocket thereby per mitting the pad in said pocket, for example, the pad A’ to be adjusted forwardly into a position where the‘ front end of‘the pocket acts as an 3 without requiring the services of one skilled in the treatment of foot trouble, makes the shoe a decided improvement upon prior arch support ing apparatus of the kind now on the market. Also, as previously stated, the carrier or pad holding means a: of the shoe is of such construc tion that when it is not equipped with pads, said carrier will lie flat against the inner sole abutment to limit the forward movement of the . of the shoe, and thus not cause annoyance or 10 pad and the tapered front end of the pad pro jects forwardly beyond the front end of the pocket, as shown in Figure 1. By constructing the shoe in this manner I am able to arrange the metatarsal arch correcting means in a fur ther forward position than would be possible if the pocket 211' for the pad A’ were provided With an imperforate or uncut front end, and I ob tain a pocket in which the pad can be positioned quickly and easily due to the fact that the pocket is provided at its rear end with an entrance opening of greater width than the extreme width of the pad and is provided at its front end with an opening (formed by the cut away portion 82) that is of less width than the extreme width of the pad. The metatarsal arch pad pockets 2 and 2a are arranged in overlappingrelationship, as shown in Figure 18, and said pockets are also preferably arranged in arcuate alignment, as shown in Figure 1, so as to permit the user to 30 arrange the pads A and A’ so they will conform accurately to the anterior metatarsal arch. The portion of the carrier :0 that forms the base piece of the pockets for the metatarsal arch pads pro jects slightly beyond the front ends of‘ the top pieces of said pockets, and the front end of the sock liner 8 projects slightly beyond the terminal end of ‘said base piece and is skived or feather“ edged, so that there will be'no transverse ridge on the inner sole'of the shoe that might cause annoyance to the user. Although the rear end portion of the carrier at that constitutes the base piece of the heel pad pocket 5 is secured to the inner sole of the shoe, as previously explained, the top piece of said heel pad pocket is free to move upwardly to facilitate the introduction, removal, or adjustment of the heel pad, said heel pad pocket top piece being stitched or secured in the zone of the shank of the shoe at a point in front of the heel. Moreover, when the top piece of the heel pad pocket is raised, the pockets for the longitudinal arch pads are brought into a condition which makes it very easy to insert, discomfort to the user. If it is necessary or desirable to use a heel pad, any‘ suitable type or kind of heel pad may be arranged in the heel pad pocket at the rear end of the carrier 1:. I prefer, however, to equip the shoe with a heel pad that can be adjusted so 15 as to raise or lower the base of the user’s heel bone or provide a hard or soft supporting surface for said heel bone. In the form of my invention herein illustrated, the heel pad D comprises a body portion I3 made of rubber and provided at 20 its center with a socket or depression Eta in which a removable insert I4 is adapted to be positioned. The insert I4 is formed of material that is of a different character or nature than the material of which the body portion l3 of the heel pad is constructed. For example, the insert Hl may be formed of material that is denser or slightly hard er than the body portion of the heel pad, so as to form a support for the base of the heel bone that will not yield or compress as readily as the body portion of the heel pad. If a higher or lower 30 supporting surface for the base of the heel bone is required, this adjustment can be made by re moving the insert and substituting for same an insert of proper height or thickness. As pre 35 viously explained, the pocket 5 in thecarrier that is adapted to receive the heel pad D, is accessible from the top side of the‘ carrier, it being possible to introduce the heel pad into its pocket, simply by raising the rear end portion of the carrier 40 which constitutes the top part of the pocket '5 and then position the heel pad D on the bottom piece of said pocket that is attached to the heel portion of the inner sole I of the shoe. As previously stated, my invention is applicable 45 to a shoe having an arch supporting apparatus of the kind above described, built into the shoe, and it is also applicable to an arch supporting ' apparatus built in the form of a unit or structure that is adapted to be removably mounted in a 50 shoe. In addition to being easy to adjust and providing an exceptionally large number of ad justments for the bones constituting the anterior metatarsal arch, the longitudinal arches and the remove or‘adjust the longitudinal arch pads, this, of course, resulting from the fact that the freely movable top piece of the heel pad pocket heel, the apparatus is light in weight, inexpensive 55 carries or is attached to portions of the carrier 3: to construct, and of such design that the carrier which constitute parts of the pockets for the or pad holding means of same Will cause no an longitudinal arch pads. noyance or discomfort to the user, in the event The outer longitudinal arch pad B and the rear ’ said carrier remains in the shoe with no pads positioned in same. 60 of cork, and as previously stated, are wedge~ Having thus described my invention, what I shaped in transverse cross section. The other claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Pat longitudinal arch pad C’ is preferably made of ent is: rubber and consists of an elongated'member hav-‘ l. A shoe having an arch supporting apparatus, ing one substantially semi-circular-shaped or seg comprising a carrier provided with pockets for 65 mental-shaped edge, and also a convexed surface longitudinal arch pads and a plurality of individ that has an eccentrically-disposed hump 9“, as ual metatarsal arch pads on said carrier arranged shown in Figure '7. Due to the fact that the longi in overlapping lateral relationship with one 60 inner longitudinal arch pad C are preferably made tudinal arch pads and the metatarsal arch pads may be arranged in overlapping relationship, and some of said pads may also be reversed or turned upside down, the apparatus may be adjusted so as to adapt itself to practically any human foot. This, coupled with the fact that the pads may be adjusted, re-arranged or removed by the user another and also disposed in overlapping relation~ ship with one or more of the longitudinal arch 70 pads, thereby enabling a metatarsal arch pad to be arranged in various positions transversely of the carrier without liability of shifting laterally out of adjusted position. 2. A shoe of the kind described in claim 1, in 75 4 2,123,176 which the metatarsal arch pad pockets-of the carrier are arranged in arcuate alignment. 3. A shoe of the kind described in claim 1, in which the carrier is formed from pieces of thin, ?exible sheet material combined so as to form pad receiving pockets accessible from the top side of the carrier, the pockets for the metatarsal pads having slitted ?aps that are used to hold the metatarsal pads in adjusted position. 4. A shoe provided with a pad carrier, formed from relatively thin, ?exible sheet material, a pocket at the forward end of said carrier having an entrance opening presented toward the heel portion of the shoe, a longitudinally adjustable 15 metatarsal arch pad positioned in said pocket, a slitted ?ap on the top wall of said. pocket, and a part on the pad adjustably connected with said slitted ?ap. the base of the user’s heel bone and formed from material that is of greater density or hardness than said pad. 10. An arch supporting apparatus for shoes, comprising a carrier, formed of relatively thin, ?exible sheet material, said carrier being adapted to be permanently attached to the inner sole of a shoe and provided with a plurality of pockets accessible from the top side of said carrier, re 10 versible metatarsal arch pads arranged in over lapping relationship at the front end of said carrier, a removable heel pad at the rear end of said carrier, provided with a central portion that may be changed to vary the supporting sur 15 face for the user’s heel bone, and adjustable, longitudinal arch pads of substantially wedge shape in cross section mounted on said carrier 5. A shoe provided with a pad carrier, formed from relatively thin, ?exible sheet material, a pocket at the forward end of said carrier having an entrance opening presented toward the heel portion of the shoe, a longitudinally adjustable metatarsal arch pad. positioned in said pocket, 25. with a portion of said pad engaging the front end of said pocket and a portion of said pad project ing forwardly through an opening in the front end of the pocket, and an integral portion on said pad adjustably interlocked with an integral por 30. tion of the top piece of said pocket. 6. A shoe provided with a pad carrier con structed from relatively thin, ?exible sheet ma terial, a plurality of individual metatarsal arch pad pockets on the upper side of the front end 35 portion of said carrier arranged in overlapping lateral relationship and in arcuate alignment, the rear ends of said pockets being open and the top pieces of said pockets having ?aps, and adjustable metatarsal arch pads removably mounted in said 40 pockets and adjustably connected with said ?aps, one of said pockets having an opening in its front end so as to permit the pad in said pocket to be adjusted into a position where ‘a portion of said pad projects forwardly through said opening and 45 a'portion of said pad engages the front end of the pocket. ' '7. A shoe of the kind described in‘ claim 6, in which said pads are provided with tangs and the top piece of each of said pockets is provided with 50 a plurality of transversely-disposed slits in its ?ap located di?erent distances from the front ends of said pockets and adapted to receive the tangs on said pads. sert in said'pad adapted to serve as a support for ' 8. A shoe provided with a pad carrier formed 55 from a plurality of pieces of relatively thin, ?ex ible sheet material connected together in such a way as to form a heel pad pocket at the rear end of the ‘carrier, a plurality of individual meta tarsal arch pad pockets arranged in overlapping lateral relationship at the front end of the carrier, and intermediate pockets for receiving inner and outer longitudinal arch pads, said intermediate pockets having side openings and said end pockets having entrance openings at their rear ends, and 65 removable pads positioned in said pockets and adapted to be arranged so that the metatarsal arch pads may be arranged in overlapping rela~ tionship with one another and with two of the longitudinal arch pads and two of said longi 70 tudinal arch pads may be arranged in overlap ping relationship with the heel pad. 9. A shoe provided with a pad carrier, a remov able heel pad in said carrier, and a removable in in overlapping relationship. 11. A heel pad for shoes provided with a portion 20 adapted to serve as a support for the user’s heel bone and being of greater density or hardness than. the remainder of the pad. 12. A pad carrier for shoes, and a pad pocket on said carrier, said pocket having an opening at its forward end, the front portion of the bottom of said pocket being stationary or immovable and the rear end portion of said pocket being slotted so as to hold inserts at various points with ref erence to the length of said pocket. 30 13. A pad carrier for shoes, provided with a base piece, a pad pocket on the anterior arch portion of the carrier. and a separate pad pocket on the rear portion of the carrier, the front end of said rear pocket overlapping the rear end of the anterior arch pocket. 14. An adjustable inner longitudinal arch pad for shoes, consisting of an elongated member of substantially ellipsoidal form in general outline, that is adapted to be arranged with its long axis 40 extending longitudinally of the shoe, said mem ber being provided on one of. its surfaces with a hump disposed at one side of the longitudinal axis of said member. 15. An arch supporting apparatus for shoes, 45 comprising a carrier adapted to lie upon the inner sole of the shoe and provided at its forward end with pockets for receiving metatarsal arch pads, said pockets having provision for holding‘ the pads in overlapping lateral relationship and in 50 arcuate alignment, the rear ends of said pockets being open. 16. An arch supporting apparatus for shoes, comprising a base piece adapted to be attached to the inner sole of the shoe, a top piece adapted 65 to be raised or lifted, and an intermediate por tion between said top piece and base piece hinged at a point between the heel and the zone of the rear transverse arch area. 17. A pad carrier for shoes, comprising a base 60 piece adapted to be anchored to the inner sole of a shoe, and superimposed portions on the top side of said base piece arranged in overlapping relationship and hinged to said base piece at dif ferent zones, said overlapping portions cooperat ing with each other and with the base piece to form pad pockets accessible from the top side of 65 the carrier and each comprising a ?ap or top part whose rear end can be raised to facilitate the insertion, removal or adjustment of the pads‘ 70 in said pockets. ALEXANDER E. BLOCK.