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Патент USA US2123253

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July 12, 1938.
A. R. NOLL
2,123,253
SYSTEM OF OPERATION OF TRANSLATING MECHANISMS
Filed Dec. 28, 1934
4
.
44,
A TTORNEYS.
2,123,253
Patented July 12, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT’ orrlcl-z- '
2,123,253
SYSTEM or OPERATION or 'raANsLAn-NG
-
MECHANISMS_
Austin B. Noll, New York, N.‘ Y., assignor to In
tel-national Business Machines Corporation,
New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York
Application December 2-8, 1934, Serial No. 759,505
BCIalml.
(Cl. v197-20)
_
the addresses on‘the envelopes at the same time
the individual addresses are typed on the letter
This invention relates to a system of opera
tion of translating mechanisms, and more par
tlcularly to the operation of a plurality. of trans
lating mechanisms controlled by indicia record .,
sheets.
v
To accomplish
this procedure automatically a
5 means, and provides broadly for indicia record plurality of perforated rolls are provided, pref- _
control means to operate a plurality of translat " erably one roll for each typewriter, each roll con
trolling the individual typewriter so that all the
ing mechanisms simultaneously so that the typewriters
may be operated at the same time to
mechanisms are all operated in the same man
ner or in an independent manner individually.
It)
insert the individual addresses.
Each of the per
A translating system of the type abovev referred forated control rolls becomesinoperative upon 10
to is ‘disclosed in the application for U. S. Let completion of the type of the particular ad
dress, so that when all the addresses are type
written the letter body control roll is automati
cally ‘operated to control all the typewriters
I ters Patent Serial No. 753,254 filed November 16,v
1984. In the saidapplication one preferred form
of translating system and mechanism is shown
15 whereby several typewriting mechanisms are
controlled and‘ operated by several electrical
sensing devices cooperating with several per
simultaneously so as to type the same letter body 18.
.
form.
'
'
Another feature of the present inventionv is h
the provision for the operation of an additional
iorating master control sheets so that the mech
typewriter controlled by the individual a'ddress
anisms are operated individually and in sucees
r011, so that at the same time the addresses are
20 lion, and upon the completion of this operation - typed for the letter, the same addresses may be
‘
are then operated simultaneously in accordance
typed on the envelope. and then rendered i'nop
- with the perforated representations. One con
erative upon completion of the addressing when
trol sheet controls the individual operation of the‘ simultaneous typing of the letter ' form is
mechanisms and provides for automatically ren
25 dering it inoperative when the second control
initiated.
taneous operation of the mechanisms.
.
tion to provide individual control means for each
,
mechanism to operate the mechanisms accord- »
However, with the system disclosed in the said , lngly and simultaneously, and upon the comple
prior application it is seen that during the indi
tion of this individual and simultaneous opera
30 vidual operation of each mechanism the remain
tion, to operate all the mechanisms simultane
ing mechanisms are idle and‘ all remain idle with
in the same manner.
the exception of the controlled mechanism until ously
‘Another object of the present invention is to
automatically transferred to simultaneous opera
provide for automatically operating all the
tion of all the mechanisms. In the application of mechanisms in the same manner and at the same
systems of this type, especially when a large
number of mechanisms are operated, the idle
I
'
30.
time upon completion of the independent opera
tion of all the mechanisms.
time of the individual units proves to be a costly
factor.
25,
It is therefore an object of the present inven
sheet is rendered operative to control the simul-
»
To illustrate the principle of operation of the
.40 present invention one form of indicia record
.control means will be described and comprises in
_
Still another object of the present invention is
to provide for additional mechanisms to be op
erated ‘in a, similar manner according to the .40.
representations .on each of the individual control
means and upon completion of such operation to
part a tape, sheet or ribbon on which characters - be rendered inoperative during the simultaneous,
_ or other indicia to be reproduced are represented
operation " of controlling a selected number of
by perforations to selectively operate the particu
45 lar associated translating mechanisms, one form
of which as shown may be a conventional type-.
writer.
,
-
_
r
The present system is particularly applicable
to automatic letter writer systems whereby indi
50 vidual-letters having similar body forms may be
typewritten and in addition have .the addresses
of the particular letters typewritten automati
cally and at the same time, instead of operating‘
each typewriter in succession for the addressing
mechanismsgin the‘ same manner.
,
7
Further and other objects of the present in
vention will be hereinafter set forth in the ac
companying speci?cation and claims and‘shown
in the drawing which by way of illustration is
what I now consider to be the best modein‘which 50
I have contemplated applying that" principle.
Other embodiments of the inventionemploying
the same or equivalent principle may be used and
structural changes made as desired by those
skilled in the art without departing from the 55
55 operation, and, too, provision is made for typing _
2
masses
present invention and within the spirit of the
appended claims.
In the drawing is shown a schematic diagram
embodying a preferred form of the invention by
way of example to set forth the principle of
operation of the system.
Sensing mechanism
Referring to the drawing, l0 indicates generally
Upon depression of the start key I‘, current
from grounded battery I. is conducted to relay
AR-I by conductor l1, and through the closed
contacts of key ii to ground, energizing the said
relay, to establish the following locking circuit
from the grounded battery I‘, conductor [1, relay
AR—I, its now closed contact ARC-4, conductor
ll, normally closed contact LRC-I ‘of relay
LR-l to ground 1!. Relay AR-l therefore re
ling the typewriters T which may be of any mains energized until this circuit just traced is 10
by operation of the normally closed con
conventional type whereby the character key bars . broken
tacts
LRC—2
of relay LR-I, which will be fully
and the corresponding type bars (not shown) are explained hereinafter.
controlled by the associated solenoids S to effect
Energization of relay AR-I also closes its
15 printing of the characters. The following brief
associated
contacts ARC-l, I and I to initiate 15
description of the sensing device will be sufficient, the following
operations:
since a more complete disclosure is made in the
Current is conducted from grounded battery
co-pending application Serial No. 743,208, filed
II and conductor H to closed contact ARC—3
September 8, 1934, and which as shown is pro
and
common conductor 20 connected to the nor
vided with a horizontal transverse conducting
roller II which supports and feeds the elongated mally closed contacts 'I'RD-—l to 'I'RD—4 of 20
perforated sheet I! wide enough to contain a relays TR-l to I to energize the connected slow
longitudinal series of perforations for the control release relays SR-I to SR-l, thereby causing
of each of the corresponding sensing brushes C. their corresponding contacts SRC-I to SRO-4
10 the preferred form of sensing device for control
It is adapted so that the position of a single
perforation on the sheet indicates the particular
character representation. Therefore when the
sheet is fed continuously to the sensing device
by suitable means, such as the motor M, and
to be closed to conduct current from grounded
battery II and conductors l1 and 2| through the 25
said. closed contacts SRC--l to BBC-4 to the
corresponding connected motors M-l to M—4.
It is evident from the description set forth that
the motors M-I to M—4 will operate the sensing
30 when the particular brush C senses its corre
sponding character perforation, a solenoid S is devices and feed the corresponding perforated 30
energized to depress a corresponding key bar and - rolls I! to the sensing brushes C until the SRC—I
type bar to record the character corresponding to SEC-4 contacts of relays SR—I to SR4 are
to the character perforation sensed. A complete broken, that is until the corresponding TR relays
description of this operation will be set forth are energized to open their normally closed con
35
hereinafter. In addition to the character sensing tacts TRD to deenergize the SR relays.
Current is also conducted from grounded bat
brushes C of which there are as many as char
acter key bars to be operated by the solenoids 8, tery IO and conductor I‘l through the closed con
control brush C--IC is provided for purposes un
40' derstood as the description progresses.
All the individual sensing devices associated
' with the motors M-l to M—! are similar in
every respect to the device just described with
the exception that an additional control brush
45 is provided in connection with the device oper
ated by motor M—5, the purpose of which will
become evident hereinafter.
Individual mechanism control and simultaneous
operation thereof
It will be understood that the perforations on
the sheets I! are formed by any suitable means
and are provided on a sheet or roll wide enough
to contain a longitudinal series of perforations
for the control of each element of the machine to
55 be operated, and used in connection with the
translating procedure, that is the type bars and
their associated solenoids, to actuate the corre
corresponding TR relays. Energization of the B
magnets closes the corresponding contacts BC
IE, 2E, IE and ‘E, the purpose of which will be 45
explained later.
-
It was also mentioned that the contacts ARC-2
of relay AR-l were closed by the energization
of their relay the purpose of which will become
evident later in the description.
It has been seen so far that the motors M-l
to M4 have been energized to feed the corre
sponding perforated rolls I! to the brushes C
and that at the same time the B-IE, 2E, 3E and 55
4E magnets were energized closing the corre
sponding type bars.
sponding contacts BO—IE, IE, 3!: and IE.
In order for the following description to be
Referring to the drawing, let it be assumed
that the perforated rolls l2 associated with the
devices operated by motors M-l to M—! are
typewriters for example T-l will be explained
placed on the corresponding feed rollers H so
that when the motors M-l to M-J are ener
65
tact ARC-l, common conductor 22 to the nor
mally closed contacts TRA—I to I of relays
TR-l to I and by the corresponding conductors 40
28, II, 28 and 20 to magnets'B—lE, 2E, IE and
IE, energizing these magnets until the TBA con
tacts are opened by virtue of energization of their
gized the rolls associated therewith are intro
duced between
their
corresponding sensing
brushes C and the conducting rollers II and that
the perforations are located so that the type
first, and is as follows: The feeding of the per
forated roll I! by the motor M-I to the character
sensing brushes C-l permits the corresponding
connected solenoids‘S-l of typewriter T-l to be
energised when the said brush engages or senses
its particular perforation via grounded brush ll
adapted to be in engagement with roller ll con
writers 'I'-—I to T-l are operated in an inde
pendent manner simultaneously, and that upon
70 the completion of this operation of the type
‘ writers, the motors M-i to M——4 will be deener
gized and motor M—5 energized to feed its per
forated roll to its corresponding brushes L to
control the plurality of typewriters in the same
75 ‘manner and simultaneously.
more comprehensive, the operation of one of the
-
tinuously, conducting roller ll, brush C-l, the
corresponding solenoid S-l of typewriter T-l,
common conductors II, II and I‘ to grounded 70
battery ll.
It was mentioned hereinbefore that provision
was made for the operation of an envelope ad
dressing typewriter while the similar address
was typed on the letter sheet. Let it be assumed 75
3
2,123,253
In a like manner, control perforations on the
that the typewriter T-l is used to type the ad
dresses on the letter sheet and the typewriter
'I‘—IE used to type the envelope address. It is
obvious then that the typewriter T—IE should
be so adapted to be operated only during the ad
rolls i2 fed by the motors M-—2, 3 and 4, sensed
by the corresponding control brushes C—2C,
the corresponding solenoid S-l of typewriter
are rendered inoperative, and that the magnets
B—IE, 2E, 3E and 4E are de-energized, opening
C-—3C and 0-40 cause‘ the energization of relays
TRr-2, 3 and 4 whenever they are sensed, that is
dressing cycle _and rendered inoperative during upon the completion of the typing of the perfo
the typing of thecommon body form of the letter. rated addresses on the said rolls. Slow release
It is to be. understood that the present system > relays SR-—2, 3 and 4 in turn are de-energized to
maybe operated in a manner to be explained with cut out the operated motors M—-2, 3 and 4 in a 10
or without the envelope typing feature whenever manner as just explained.
Therefore it is seen that all the TR relays are
so desired.
It will be remembered that the magnet B--iE now energized and maintained in this condition ,
was energized to close its contacts_BC-—iE when due to the established locking circuits associated
the SR,—I relay was energized. Therefore when therewith, and that all the motors M-—l to M-J
15
T—l is energized by its sensing brush C-l
sensing the particular perforation in roll l2,‘ to
effect recording of the corresponding character,
the same character will be recorded by' typewriter
20 T-IE, since the corresponding solenoid S-IE
will be energized because grounded battery It is
now connected by conductors 35 and 40 to the
said solenoid and by virtue of. the closed contacts
BC—IE to ,the character sensing brushes C-—I
25 and thence to ground. It is seen therefore that
the typewriters T-l and T-IE are operated
simultaneously in accordance with the sensing
operation of the perforated roll l2 operated by its
motor M-I.
-
'
Similarly, motors M—2, 3 and 4 are adapted to
feed their respective perforated rolls l2 to the
_ sensing brushes C—2, 3 and 4 to control the type
writers T-2, .3 and 4, and T--2E, 3E and 4E in
accordance with the respective perforated rolls.
It is seen therefore that the typewriters T-—I,
2, 3 and 4 are operated simultaneously to type the
individual and corresponding addresses in ac
cordance with the control rolls l2 and also that
the typewriters 'I'--IE, 2E, 3E and 4E may be
operated simultaneously to type the envelopes or
40
other material requiring the same addresses that
are typed by the respective machines T—l, 2,
3 and 4, .during the same addressing cycle.
_
Referring again to the individual operation of
typewriters T--| and T—|E, at the completion of
sensing the perforations representative of the
address type, control brush C--J|C is adapted to
engage a perforation to energize relay TIL-l as
follows: Current from grounded battery I6 is
conducted via conductors l1 and 42 to relay
50 TR-l, and by conductor 43 to brush C--IC, con
ducting roller l l and thence to grounded contact
30, energizing relay TRr-l and establishing the
the circuits to the solenoids of typewriters T-IE
to 4E, and that all the contacts TRB-I to
TRB—4 of the relays TRr—-| to 4 are now closed
to establish the following circuit: grounded bat 20
tery l5, conductors i1, 42 and 45, contacts TRB-l
now closed, contacts TRB—2, 3 and 4 now closed,
conductor 46, relay LR-—'-i to ground I9 to ener
gize this relay.
25
Common mechanism control and simultaneous
operation thereof
Energization of relay_LR-—l causes the con
tacts LRC—~3, 4 and 5 tobe closed, establishing a
locking circuit through contact LRC-S as fol 30
lows: grounded battery l6, conductors I1 and 50,
contacts LRC-—5, conductor 5!, normally closed
contacts TFC—-l and SC-I, conductors 52 and
46, relay LRr—I to ground l9.
»
Energlzation of the said relay also causes the 35
contacts LRC—-l and 2 to be opened to open the
locking circuits to the TR relays established
through conductor 43 and previously described,’
and to open the locking circuit for relay ARr—-l
established through conductor I8 as described 40
hereinbefore, de-energizing relays AR,—I and all
the TR relays.
Current from grounded battery I6 is now con
ducted to closed contact LRC--4 of relay LR-l, '
conductor 54 to slow release relayI SR-5 ‘to 45
ground 55, energizing this relay to conduct cur
rent from grounded battery l6, conductor 36
through its now closed contacts SRC—5 to motor
M—5 and ground 55, energizing the said motor
which is adapted to feed a similar perforated roll, 50
as explained previously, to its character sensing
brushes Lr——l.
,
Through the closed contacts LRC—3, current
following locking circuit; grounded battery "5, ‘from grounded battery I6 is conductod to the
magnets B—l to 4 by common conductor 55, 55
' conductors l1 and 42, relay TR-—l, now closed
contact TRG-I, conductor 43, normally closed energizing the said magnets to close the corre
contact LRC-l of relay LR—I and ground l9. sponding contacts BC-l, 2, 3 and 4. It is seen
Energization of relay TR~—I causes its contacts that theoperation of magnets B-I to 4 connects
the solenoids S-—l to 4 of the typewriters T-—l to
TRB»—I and TRC-—I to berclosed and the nor
60
4 to the common conductors 60, 6| and 62.
mally closed contacts 'I'RA-I and TRD-J to be
60
Therefore, the character sensing brushes
opened.
Breaking of contact TRA-l causes the magnet L—-I upon engaging perforations in the roll fed
B-IE to be de-energized thereby ‘opening its by the energized motor M-5, energize the con
contacts BC-IE and opening the individual cir
nectcd common conductors 60, GI and 62 to ener
gize all the corresponding connected solenoids, 65
, cults to the character solenoids S—IE of type
operating the corresponding typewriters simul
writer 'I‘—IE. Contacts TRD-i "open the cir
cuit to de-energize the slow release relay SR.-l, taneously and similarly, that is recording the
same character representations on all they con
so that its contacts SEC-4 are opened to dis
connect the motor M-—l from the power source
battery It. The purpose of the slow release re
lay SR--I is to insure the operation of the motor
M--l a timed interval of sufficient duration so
that the said control perforation sensed on roll
I2 is fed beyond the sensing position of brush
75 C--IC.
nected machines in accordance with the sensed
perforations.
‘
70
(Upon completion of the common typewritten
'matter sensed by the brushes L»—l, the device
may be operated to again connect the typewriters
T-—l to 'I‘—4 and the typewriters T—lE to 4E to
the individual perforated rolls l2 to control the 75
4
2,193,258
machines in a different manner. and operated
substitutions and changes in the form and de
tails of the device illustrated and in its operation
may be made by those skilled in the art without
departing from the spirit of the invention. It is
simultaneously as previously described, or the de
vice may be stopped at the completion of the
common matter to be recorded to restore the ap
paratus to its normal condition.
the intention therefore to be limited only as indi
The first operation set forth will now be de
scribed: A control perforation is sensed by con
cated by the scope of the following claims.
What is claimed is as follows:
trol brush L—2 to energize the connected relay
TF—I, causing the normally closed contacts
10 'I‘FC-l to be opened to break the described lock
ing circuit established through conductor 5| for
relay LR-l and the contacts 'I‘FC—2 now closed
to energize the relay AR-i by the connected
‘
l. A system of the class described comprising a
I
plurality of translating mechanisms, a plurality
of indicia record control means and arranged so 10
that a translating mechanism is adapted to be
controlled by an individual indicia record control
means for reproducing the indicia represented
grounded battery l6, through conductor ll, re
15 lay AR-I, conductor 10, to contacts TFC—-2 to ' thereon, circuit control means to initiate opera
tion of the said record control means and their 16
ground l8. rI'he energized relay AR-I estab
lishes a locking circuit through its now closed
contact ARC-4 through the now closed contact
LRC-l of de-energized relay LR-I as previously
ly, so that each translating mechanism reproduces
The relay 'I'F—l then becomes de-energized
nect automatically the translating mechanisms
20 explained.
since the motor circuit was continued to be estab
lished by virtue of the contacts SEC-5 of the slow
release relay SR~5 so that the perforated roll was
25 continuously fed by the said motor to feed the roll
record control means, and control means to con
simultaneously in accordance with the indicia
represented
on said common record
control 25
trol brush L—-2.
De-energization of relay LR-I caused the con
tacts LEO-J to be opened to de-energize the
2. A system of the class described comprising a
plurality of translating mechanisms, a plurality
in accordance with the separate control rolls, also
to operate the typewriters T-IE to ‘E in a simi
lar manner and precisely as explained hereinbe
fore.
-
It is evident that in this manner a continuous
simultaneous letter and envelope typing operation
for the separate addresses may be established in
conjuntcion with the simultaneous operation of
the typewriters for the common body of the let
45 ters.
However, at the completion of the ?rst com
plete cycle of operation, that is typing of the ad
dresses and the
the completion
50 desired to stop
the apparatus
common body of the letters, or at
of any complete cycle, it may be
the described system and restore
to normal and in condition for
initiating later cyclic operations as described,
which will now be described.
A control perforation is sensed by the control
55 brush L—! to energize the connected relay S—I
causing its contact SC-—l to be opened, breaking
of indicia record control means therefor,’ circuit
control means to connect automatically the said 30
translating mechanisms to a predetermined num
ber of the said indicia record control means
whereby the translating mechanisms individually
and simultaneously reproduce the indicia repre
sented on the associated indicia record control 35
means, and circuit control means to connect auto
matically the same translating mechanisms to a
different indicia record control means of said
plurality of control means so as to reproduce
simultaneously on all the said mechanisms the 40
indicia represented on the said diil'erent indicia
record control means.
3. A system of the class described comprising a
plurality of translating mechanisms, a plurality
of indicia record control means, circuit control 45
means to connect automatically a predetermined
number of said mechanisms to individual indicia
record control means to reproduce at the same
time the indicia represented on the associated in
dicia record control means, circuit control means 50
to connect automatically all of ‘the operated
mechanisms to a common and different indicia
record control means of said plurality of control
means so as to reproduce simultaneously on the
mechanisms the indicia represented on the said 55
common record control means, and means to
the locking circuit established for relay LR-l
through its contact LRC'—5 and conductor 5 I. It
automatically effect the second named simultane
was explained how the de-energization of relay
simultaneous operation.
B-l to 4 to open the circuits to common conduc
plurality of translating mechanisms, a plurality
60 LR-I causes the de-energization of magnets
tors 60, ii, and 62, and the .dc-energization. of
slow release relay SR-i, which however, as ex
plained hereinbei'ore, permits the motor M---! to
be energized‘ long enough to feed the perforated
roll associated therewith beyond the sensing posi
tion of control brush L-J to cause de-energiza
tion of relay S-l, thus returning the apparatus
to its normal position, and conditioned for fur
ther operations, as described, upon depression of
the start key I5.
While there has been shown and described and
pointed out the fundamental novel features of
the invention as applied to a single modi?cation,
it will be understood that various omissions and
20
with said additional indicia record control means
so that all the said mechanisms are operated
means.
to the common conductors 60, ii, and 62.
Energization of relay AR-i causes the motors
M-l to 4 to be operated to feed the associated
perforated rolls 1! to the brushes C to operate
35 the typewriters T-l to T—4 simultaneously and
65
the indicia represented on the record control
means associated therewith, an additional indicia
forward beyond the sensing position of the con
30 magnets B—-l to l to open the solenoid circuits
40
associated translating mechanisms simultaneous
ous operation upon completion of the ?rst named
4. A system of the class described comprising a
of indicia record control means, circuit control
means to connect'automatically groups of a pre
determined number of said mechanisms to in
dividual indicia record control means so that the 65
said groups reproduce simultaneously the indicia
represented on the associated record control
means, a common and different indicia record
control means, circuit control means to connect
automatically a selected number of the said 70
translating mechanisms to said common and
different indicia record control, means so that
the selected mechanisms simultaneously re
produce the indicia represented on the said com
mon record control means. means to automatical
75
‘2,123,253
ly effect the second named simultaneous opera
tion upon completion of the first named simul
taneous operation, and means to render the non
selected mechanisms inoperative upon the opera
tion of the last named circuit control means.
5. A system of the class described comprising a
plurality of translating mechanisms,'a plurality
of indicia record controlmeans, circuit control
dividual indicia record-control means so as to re
produce theindicia represented thereon simultane
ously by the associated mechanisms, a common
and di?erent indicia record control means, means
controlled upon the completion of the operation
of each of said indicia record control means to
render said common and different record control
,means operative, means to connect automatically
the said translating mechanisms to the common
means to connect automatically groups of a pre
indicia record control means so as to reproduce 10
10 determined number of said translating mecha
simultaneously‘, the indicia represented thereon,
nisms to individual indicia record control means
so that the said groups of mechanisms reproduce ' and means operated upon the completion of the
controlling function of the said common control
the indicia represented on the associated in
dividual record means simultaneously, and means means to operate automatically the aforemen
15 operated automatically upon completion of the tioned individal'indicia record control means and.
the said associated mechanisms.
controlling function of each of the individual in
8. A system of the class described comprising a
dicia control means to render the said indicia con
plurality of translating mechanisms, a plurality
of indicia record control means, circuit control
plurality of translating mechanisms, a plurality means to connect automatically groups of said
of indicia record control means, circuit control translating mechanisms to individual ‘indicia
means‘ to connect automatically groups of said record control means to reproduce simultaneously
translating mechanisms to individual indicia. the indicia represented on the, associated indicia
record control means to reproduce simultaneously record control means, and individual circuits in
the indicia represented on the associated record cluding electromagnetic means associated with 25
control means, and ‘individual circuits including each indicia record control means and energized
electromagnetic means associated with each individually upon the completion of the individual
record control means and energized individually controlling function of the associated indicia
trol means inoperative.
_
.
6. A system 0! the class described comprising a
upon the completion of the individual controlling
30 function of the associated indicia record means,
and\means controlled by the operation of said
electromagnetic means to render the individual
, indicia control means inoperative.
'l. A system of the class described comprising a
35 plurality of translating mechanisms, a plurality
of indicia record control means, circuit control
means to connect automatically groups of a pre
determined number of said mechanisms to in
record control means, a common and di?erent in
dicia record control means, circuits to render said 30
common and different indicia record control
means operative when all of said'electroinagnetic
means are energized, and means to connect auto
matically certain of said translating mechanisms
to the common indicia record control means to 35
reproduce in unison the indicia represented
thereon.
'
AUSTIN R. NOLL.
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