Патент USA US2123253код для вставки
July 12, 1938. A. R. NOLL 2,123,253 SYSTEM OF OPERATION OF TRANSLATING MECHANISMS Filed Dec. 28, 1934 4 . 44, A TTORNEYS. 2,123,253 Patented July 12, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT’ orrlcl-z- ' 2,123,253 SYSTEM or OPERATION or 'raANsLAn-NG - MECHANISMS_ Austin B. Noll, New York, N.‘ Y., assignor to In tel-national Business Machines Corporation, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application December 2-8, 1934, Serial No. 759,505 BCIalml. (Cl. v197-20) _ the addresses on‘the envelopes at the same time the individual addresses are typed on the letter This invention relates to a system of opera tion of translating mechanisms, and more par tlcularly to the operation of a plurality. of trans lating mechanisms controlled by indicia record ., sheets. v To accomplish this procedure automatically a 5 means, and provides broadly for indicia record plurality of perforated rolls are provided, pref- _ control means to operate a plurality of translat " erably one roll for each typewriter, each roll con trolling the individual typewriter so that all the ing mechanisms simultaneously so that the typewriters may be operated at the same time to mechanisms are all operated in the same man ner or in an independent manner individually. It) insert the individual addresses. Each of the per A translating system of the type abovev referred forated control rolls becomesinoperative upon 10 to is ‘disclosed in the application for U. S. Let completion of the type of the particular ad dress, so that when all the addresses are type written the letter body control roll is automati cally ‘operated to control all the typewriters I ters Patent Serial No. 753,254 filed November 16,v 1984. In the saidapplication one preferred form of translating system and mechanism is shown 15 whereby several typewriting mechanisms are controlled and‘ operated by several electrical sensing devices cooperating with several per simultaneously so as to type the same letter body 18. . form. ' ' Another feature of the present inventionv is h the provision for the operation of an additional iorating master control sheets so that the mech typewriter controlled by the individual a'ddress anisms are operated individually and in sucees r011, so that at the same time the addresses are 20 lion, and upon the completion of this operation - typed for the letter, the same addresses may be ‘ are then operated simultaneously in accordance typed on the envelope. and then rendered i'nop - with the perforated representations. One con erative upon completion of the addressing when trol sheet controls the individual operation of the‘ simultaneous typing of the letter ' form is mechanisms and provides for automatically ren 25 dering it inoperative when the second control initiated. taneous operation of the mechanisms. . tion to provide individual control means for each , mechanism to operate the mechanisms accord- » However, with the system disclosed in the said , lngly and simultaneously, and upon the comple prior application it is seen that during the indi tion of this individual and simultaneous opera 30 vidual operation of each mechanism the remain tion, to operate all the mechanisms simultane ing mechanisms are idle and‘ all remain idle with in the same manner. the exception of the controlled mechanism until ously ‘Another object of the present invention is to automatically transferred to simultaneous opera provide for automatically operating all the tion of all the mechanisms. In the application of mechanisms in the same manner and at the same systems of this type, especially when a large number of mechanisms are operated, the idle I ' 30. time upon completion of the independent opera tion of all the mechanisms. time of the individual units proves to be a costly factor. 25, It is therefore an object of the present inven sheet is rendered operative to control the simul- » To illustrate the principle of operation of the .40 present invention one form of indicia record .control means will be described and comprises in _ Still another object of the present invention is to provide for additional mechanisms to be op erated ‘in a, similar manner according to the .40. representations .on each of the individual control means and upon completion of such operation to part a tape, sheet or ribbon on which characters - be rendered inoperative during the simultaneous, _ or other indicia to be reproduced are represented operation " of controlling a selected number of by perforations to selectively operate the particu 45 lar associated translating mechanisms, one form of which as shown may be a conventional type-. writer. , - _ r The present system is particularly applicable to automatic letter writer systems whereby indi 50 vidual-letters having similar body forms may be typewritten and in addition have .the addresses of the particular letters typewritten automati cally and at the same time, instead of operating‘ each typewriter in succession for the addressing mechanismsgin the‘ same manner. , 7 Further and other objects of the present in vention will be hereinafter set forth in the ac companying speci?cation and claims and‘shown in the drawing which by way of illustration is what I now consider to be the best modein‘which 50 I have contemplated applying that" principle. Other embodiments of the inventionemploying the same or equivalent principle may be used and structural changes made as desired by those skilled in the art without departing from the 55 55 operation, and, too, provision is made for typing _ 2 masses present invention and within the spirit of the appended claims. In the drawing is shown a schematic diagram embodying a preferred form of the invention by way of example to set forth the principle of operation of the system. Sensing mechanism Referring to the drawing, l0 indicates generally Upon depression of the start key I‘, current from grounded battery I. is conducted to relay AR-I by conductor l1, and through the closed contacts of key ii to ground, energizing the said relay, to establish the following locking circuit from the grounded battery I‘, conductor [1, relay AR—I, its now closed contact ARC-4, conductor ll, normally closed contact LRC-I ‘of relay LR-l to ground 1!. Relay AR-l therefore re ling the typewriters T which may be of any mains energized until this circuit just traced is 10 by operation of the normally closed con conventional type whereby the character key bars . broken tacts LRC—2 of relay LR-I, which will be fully and the corresponding type bars (not shown) are explained hereinafter. controlled by the associated solenoids S to effect Energization of relay AR-I also closes its 15 printing of the characters. The following brief associated contacts ARC-l, I and I to initiate 15 description of the sensing device will be sufficient, the following operations: since a more complete disclosure is made in the Current is conducted from grounded battery co-pending application Serial No. 743,208, filed II and conductor H to closed contact ARC—3 September 8, 1934, and which as shown is pro and common conductor 20 connected to the nor vided with a horizontal transverse conducting roller II which supports and feeds the elongated mally closed contacts 'I'RD-—l to 'I'RD—4 of 20 perforated sheet I! wide enough to contain a relays TR-l to I to energize the connected slow longitudinal series of perforations for the control release relays SR-I to SR-l, thereby causing of each of the corresponding sensing brushes C. their corresponding contacts SRC-I to SRO-4 10 the preferred form of sensing device for control It is adapted so that the position of a single perforation on the sheet indicates the particular character representation. Therefore when the sheet is fed continuously to the sensing device by suitable means, such as the motor M, and to be closed to conduct current from grounded battery II and conductors l1 and 2| through the 25 said. closed contacts SRC--l to BBC-4 to the corresponding connected motors M-l to M—4. It is evident from the description set forth that the motors M-I to M—4 will operate the sensing 30 when the particular brush C senses its corre sponding character perforation, a solenoid S is devices and feed the corresponding perforated 30 energized to depress a corresponding key bar and - rolls I! to the sensing brushes C until the SRC—I type bar to record the character corresponding to SEC-4 contacts of relays SR—I to SR4 are to the character perforation sensed. A complete broken, that is until the corresponding TR relays description of this operation will be set forth are energized to open their normally closed con 35 hereinafter. In addition to the character sensing tacts TRD to deenergize the SR relays. Current is also conducted from grounded bat brushes C of which there are as many as char acter key bars to be operated by the solenoids 8, tery IO and conductor I‘l through the closed con control brush C--IC is provided for purposes un 40' derstood as the description progresses. All the individual sensing devices associated ' with the motors M-l to M—! are similar in every respect to the device just described with the exception that an additional control brush 45 is provided in connection with the device oper ated by motor M—5, the purpose of which will become evident hereinafter. Individual mechanism control and simultaneous operation thereof It will be understood that the perforations on the sheets I! are formed by any suitable means and are provided on a sheet or roll wide enough to contain a longitudinal series of perforations for the control of each element of the machine to 55 be operated, and used in connection with the translating procedure, that is the type bars and their associated solenoids, to actuate the corre corresponding TR relays. Energization of the B magnets closes the corresponding contacts BC IE, 2E, IE and ‘E, the purpose of which will be 45 explained later. - It was also mentioned that the contacts ARC-2 of relay AR-l were closed by the energization of their relay the purpose of which will become evident later in the description. It has been seen so far that the motors M-l to M4 have been energized to feed the corre sponding perforated rolls I! to the brushes C and that at the same time the B-IE, 2E, 3E and 55 4E magnets were energized closing the corre sponding type bars. sponding contacts BO—IE, IE, 3!: and IE. In order for the following description to be Referring to the drawing, let it be assumed that the perforated rolls l2 associated with the devices operated by motors M-l to M—! are typewriters for example T-l will be explained placed on the corresponding feed rollers H so that when the motors M-l to M-J are ener 65 tact ARC-l, common conductor 22 to the nor mally closed contacts TRA—I to I of relays TR-l to I and by the corresponding conductors 40 28, II, 28 and 20 to magnets'B—lE, 2E, IE and IE, energizing these magnets until the TBA con tacts are opened by virtue of energization of their gized the rolls associated therewith are intro duced between their corresponding sensing brushes C and the conducting rollers II and that the perforations are located so that the type first, and is as follows: The feeding of the per forated roll I! by the motor M-I to the character sensing brushes C-l permits the corresponding connected solenoids‘S-l of typewriter T-l to be energised when the said brush engages or senses its particular perforation via grounded brush ll adapted to be in engagement with roller ll con writers 'I'-—I to T-l are operated in an inde pendent manner simultaneously, and that upon 70 the completion of this operation of the type ‘ writers, the motors M-i to M——4 will be deener gized and motor M—5 energized to feed its per forated roll to its corresponding brushes L to control the plurality of typewriters in the same 75 ‘manner and simultaneously. more comprehensive, the operation of one of the - tinuously, conducting roller ll, brush C-l, the corresponding solenoid S-l of typewriter T-l, common conductors II, II and I‘ to grounded 70 battery ll. It was mentioned hereinbefore that provision was made for the operation of an envelope ad dressing typewriter while the similar address was typed on the letter sheet. Let it be assumed 75 3 2,123,253 In a like manner, control perforations on the that the typewriter T-l is used to type the ad dresses on the letter sheet and the typewriter 'I‘—IE used to type the envelope address. It is obvious then that the typewriter T—IE should be so adapted to be operated only during the ad rolls i2 fed by the motors M-—2, 3 and 4, sensed by the corresponding control brushes C—2C, the corresponding solenoid S-l of typewriter are rendered inoperative, and that the magnets B—IE, 2E, 3E and 4E are de-energized, opening C-—3C and 0-40 cause‘ the energization of relays TRr-2, 3 and 4 whenever they are sensed, that is dressing cycle _and rendered inoperative during upon the completion of the typing of the perfo the typing of thecommon body form of the letter. rated addresses on the said rolls. Slow release It is to be. understood that the present system > relays SR-—2, 3 and 4 in turn are de-energized to maybe operated in a manner to be explained with cut out the operated motors M—-2, 3 and 4 in a 10 or without the envelope typing feature whenever manner as just explained. Therefore it is seen that all the TR relays are so desired. It will be remembered that the magnet B--iE now energized and maintained in this condition , was energized to close its contacts_BC-—iE when due to the established locking circuits associated the SR,—I relay was energized. Therefore when therewith, and that all the motors M-—l to M-J 15 T—l is energized by its sensing brush C-l sensing the particular perforation in roll l2,‘ to effect recording of the corresponding character, the same character will be recorded by' typewriter 20 T-IE, since the corresponding solenoid S-IE will be energized because grounded battery It is now connected by conductors 35 and 40 to the said solenoid and by virtue of. the closed contacts BC—IE to ,the character sensing brushes C-—I 25 and thence to ground. It is seen therefore that the typewriters T-l and T-IE are operated simultaneously in accordance with the sensing operation of the perforated roll l2 operated by its motor M-I. - ' Similarly, motors M—2, 3 and 4 are adapted to feed their respective perforated rolls l2 to the _ sensing brushes C—2, 3 and 4 to control the type writers T-2, .3 and 4, and T--2E, 3E and 4E in accordance with the respective perforated rolls. It is seen therefore that the typewriters T-—I, 2, 3 and 4 are operated simultaneously to type the individual and corresponding addresses in ac cordance with the control rolls l2 and also that the typewriters 'I'--IE, 2E, 3E and 4E may be operated simultaneously to type the envelopes or 40 other material requiring the same addresses that are typed by the respective machines T—l, 2, 3 and 4, .during the same addressing cycle. _ Referring again to the individual operation of typewriters T--| and T—|E, at the completion of sensing the perforations representative of the address type, control brush C--J|C is adapted to engage a perforation to energize relay TIL-l as follows: Current from grounded battery I6 is conducted via conductors l1 and 42 to relay 50 TR-l, and by conductor 43 to brush C--IC, con ducting roller l l and thence to grounded contact 30, energizing relay TRr-l and establishing the the circuits to the solenoids of typewriters T-IE to 4E, and that all the contacts TRB-I to TRB—4 of the relays TRr—-| to 4 are now closed to establish the following circuit: grounded bat 20 tery l5, conductors i1, 42 and 45, contacts TRB-l now closed, contacts TRB—2, 3 and 4 now closed, conductor 46, relay LR-—'-i to ground I9 to ener gize this relay. 25 Common mechanism control and simultaneous operation thereof Energization of relay_LR-—l causes the con tacts LRC—~3, 4 and 5 tobe closed, establishing a locking circuit through contact LRC-S as fol 30 lows: grounded battery l6, conductors I1 and 50, contacts LRC-—5, conductor 5!, normally closed contacts TFC—-l and SC-I, conductors 52 and 46, relay LRr—I to ground l9. » Energlzation of the said relay also causes the 35 contacts LRC—-l and 2 to be opened to open the locking circuits to the TR relays established through conductor 43 and previously described,’ and to open the locking circuit for relay ARr—-l established through conductor I8 as described 40 hereinbefore, de-energizing relays AR,—I and all the TR relays. Current from grounded battery I6 is now con ducted to closed contact LRC--4 of relay LR-l, ' conductor 54 to slow release relayI SR-5 ‘to 45 ground 55, energizing this relay to conduct cur rent from grounded battery l6, conductor 36 through its now closed contacts SRC—5 to motor M—5 and ground 55, energizing the said motor which is adapted to feed a similar perforated roll, 50 as explained previously, to its character sensing brushes Lr——l. , Through the closed contacts LRC—3, current following locking circuit; grounded battery "5, ‘from grounded battery I6 is conductod to the magnets B—l to 4 by common conductor 55, 55 ' conductors l1 and 42, relay TR-—l, now closed contact TRG-I, conductor 43, normally closed energizing the said magnets to close the corre contact LRC-l of relay LR—I and ground l9. sponding contacts BC-l, 2, 3 and 4. It is seen Energization of relay TR~—I causes its contacts that theoperation of magnets B-I to 4 connects the solenoids S-—l to 4 of the typewriters T-—l to TRB»—I and TRC-—I to berclosed and the nor 60 4 to the common conductors 60, 6| and 62. mally closed contacts 'I'RA-I and TRD-J to be 60 Therefore, the character sensing brushes opened. Breaking of contact TRA-l causes the magnet L—-I upon engaging perforations in the roll fed B-IE to be de-energized thereby ‘opening its by the energized motor M-5, energize the con contacts BC-IE and opening the individual cir nectcd common conductors 60, GI and 62 to ener gize all the corresponding connected solenoids, 65 , cults to the character solenoids S—IE of type operating the corresponding typewriters simul writer 'I‘—IE. Contacts TRD-i "open the cir cuit to de-energize the slow release relay SR.-l, taneously and similarly, that is recording the same character representations on all they con so that its contacts SEC-4 are opened to dis connect the motor M-—l from the power source battery It. The purpose of the slow release re lay SR--I is to insure the operation of the motor M--l a timed interval of sufficient duration so that the said control perforation sensed on roll I2 is fed beyond the sensing position of brush 75 C--IC. nected machines in accordance with the sensed perforations. ‘ 70 (Upon completion of the common typewritten 'matter sensed by the brushes L»—l, the device may be operated to again connect the typewriters T-—l to 'I‘—4 and the typewriters T—lE to 4E to the individual perforated rolls l2 to control the 75 4 2,193,258 machines in a different manner. and operated substitutions and changes in the form and de tails of the device illustrated and in its operation may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention. It is simultaneously as previously described, or the de vice may be stopped at the completion of the common matter to be recorded to restore the ap paratus to its normal condition. the intention therefore to be limited only as indi The first operation set forth will now be de scribed: A control perforation is sensed by con cated by the scope of the following claims. What is claimed is as follows: trol brush L—2 to energize the connected relay TF—I, causing the normally closed contacts 10 'I‘FC-l to be opened to break the described lock ing circuit established through conductor 5| for relay LR-l and the contacts 'I‘FC—2 now closed to energize the relay AR-i by the connected ‘ l. A system of the class described comprising a I plurality of translating mechanisms, a plurality of indicia record control means and arranged so 10 that a translating mechanism is adapted to be controlled by an individual indicia record control means for reproducing the indicia represented grounded battery l6, through conductor ll, re 15 lay AR-I, conductor 10, to contacts TFC—-2 to ' thereon, circuit control means to initiate opera tion of the said record control means and their 16 ground l8. rI'he energized relay AR-I estab lishes a locking circuit through its now closed contact ARC-4 through the now closed contact LRC-l of de-energized relay LR-I as previously ly, so that each translating mechanism reproduces The relay 'I'F—l then becomes de-energized nect automatically the translating mechanisms 20 explained. since the motor circuit was continued to be estab lished by virtue of the contacts SEC-5 of the slow release relay SR~5 so that the perforated roll was 25 continuously fed by the said motor to feed the roll record control means, and control means to con simultaneously in accordance with the indicia represented on said common record control 25 trol brush L—-2. De-energization of relay LR-I caused the con tacts LEO-J to be opened to de-energize the 2. A system of the class described comprising a plurality of translating mechanisms, a plurality in accordance with the separate control rolls, also to operate the typewriters T-IE to ‘E in a simi lar manner and precisely as explained hereinbe fore. - It is evident that in this manner a continuous simultaneous letter and envelope typing operation for the separate addresses may be established in conjuntcion with the simultaneous operation of the typewriters for the common body of the let 45 ters. However, at the completion of the ?rst com plete cycle of operation, that is typing of the ad dresses and the the completion 50 desired to stop the apparatus common body of the letters, or at of any complete cycle, it may be the described system and restore to normal and in condition for initiating later cyclic operations as described, which will now be described. A control perforation is sensed by the control 55 brush L—! to energize the connected relay S—I causing its contact SC-—l to be opened, breaking of indicia record control means therefor,’ circuit control means to connect automatically the said 30 translating mechanisms to a predetermined num ber of the said indicia record control means whereby the translating mechanisms individually and simultaneously reproduce the indicia repre sented on the associated indicia record control 35 means, and circuit control means to connect auto matically the same translating mechanisms to a different indicia record control means of said plurality of control means so as to reproduce simultaneously on all the said mechanisms the 40 indicia represented on the said diil'erent indicia record control means. 3. A system of the class described comprising a plurality of translating mechanisms, a plurality of indicia record control means, circuit control 45 means to connect automatically a predetermined number of said mechanisms to individual indicia record control means to reproduce at the same time the indicia represented on the associated in dicia record control means, circuit control means 50 to connect automatically all of ‘the operated mechanisms to a common and different indicia record control means of said plurality of control means so as to reproduce simultaneously on the mechanisms the indicia represented on the said 55 common record control means, and means to the locking circuit established for relay LR-l through its contact LRC'—5 and conductor 5 I. It automatically effect the second named simultane was explained how the de-energization of relay simultaneous operation. B-l to 4 to open the circuits to common conduc plurality of translating mechanisms, a plurality 60 LR-I causes the de-energization of magnets tors 60, ii, and 62, and the .dc-energization. of slow release relay SR-i, which however, as ex plained hereinbei'ore, permits the motor M---! to be energized‘ long enough to feed the perforated roll associated therewith beyond the sensing posi tion of control brush L-J to cause de-energiza tion of relay S-l, thus returning the apparatus to its normal position, and conditioned for fur ther operations, as described, upon depression of the start key I5. While there has been shown and described and pointed out the fundamental novel features of the invention as applied to a single modi?cation, it will be understood that various omissions and 20 with said additional indicia record control means so that all the said mechanisms are operated means. to the common conductors 60, ii, and 62. Energization of relay AR-i causes the motors M-l to 4 to be operated to feed the associated perforated rolls 1! to the brushes C to operate 35 the typewriters T-l to T—4 simultaneously and 65 the indicia represented on the record control means associated therewith, an additional indicia forward beyond the sensing position of the con 30 magnets B—-l to l to open the solenoid circuits 40 associated translating mechanisms simultaneous ous operation upon completion of the ?rst named 4. A system of the class described comprising a of indicia record control means, circuit control means to connect'automatically groups of a pre determined number of said mechanisms to in dividual indicia record control means so that the 65 said groups reproduce simultaneously the indicia represented on the associated record control means, a common and different indicia record control means, circuit control means to connect automatically a selected number of the said 70 translating mechanisms to said common and different indicia record control, means so that the selected mechanisms simultaneously re produce the indicia represented on the said com mon record control means. means to automatical 75 ‘2,123,253 ly effect the second named simultaneous opera tion upon completion of the first named simul taneous operation, and means to render the non selected mechanisms inoperative upon the opera tion of the last named circuit control means. 5. A system of the class described comprising a plurality of translating mechanisms,'a plurality of indicia record controlmeans, circuit control dividual indicia record-control means so as to re produce theindicia represented thereon simultane ously by the associated mechanisms, a common and di?erent indicia record control means, means controlled upon the completion of the operation of each of said indicia record control means to render said common and different record control ,means operative, means to connect automatically the said translating mechanisms to the common means to connect automatically groups of a pre indicia record control means so as to reproduce 10 10 determined number of said translating mecha simultaneously‘, the indicia represented thereon, nisms to individual indicia record control means so that the said groups of mechanisms reproduce ' and means operated upon the completion of the controlling function of the said common control the indicia represented on the associated in dividual record means simultaneously, and means means to operate automatically the aforemen 15 operated automatically upon completion of the tioned individal'indicia record control means and. the said associated mechanisms. controlling function of each of the individual in 8. A system of the class described comprising a dicia control means to render the said indicia con plurality of translating mechanisms, a plurality of indicia record control means, circuit control plurality of translating mechanisms, a plurality means to connect automatically groups of said of indicia record control means, circuit control translating mechanisms to individual ‘indicia means‘ to connect automatically groups of said record control means to reproduce simultaneously translating mechanisms to individual indicia. the indicia represented on the, associated indicia record control means to reproduce simultaneously record control means, and individual circuits in the indicia represented on the associated record cluding electromagnetic means associated with 25 control means, and ‘individual circuits including each indicia record control means and energized electromagnetic means associated with each individually upon the completion of the individual record control means and energized individually controlling function of the associated indicia trol means inoperative. _ . 6. A system 0! the class described comprising a upon the completion of the individual controlling 30 function of the associated indicia record means, and\means controlled by the operation of said electromagnetic means to render the individual , indicia control means inoperative. 'l. A system of the class described comprising a 35 plurality of translating mechanisms, a plurality of indicia record control means, circuit control means to connect automatically groups of a pre determined number of said mechanisms to in record control means, a common and di?erent in dicia record control means, circuits to render said 30 common and different indicia record control means operative when all of said'electroinagnetic means are energized, and means to connect auto matically certain of said translating mechanisms to the common indicia record control means to 35 reproduce in unison the indicia represented thereon. ' AUSTIN R. NOLL.