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Патент USA US2123286

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. July 12,; 1938,.
Filed Nov. 21, 1934
5 a lo M Namya.
Patented July 12, 1938
STATES ‘ FATE sir‘ ‘orgies .
Sulo.M...Nampa, Detroit, Mich., assignor to The
' Worth Company, a corporation of Michigan
Application: November ‘21,1934, Serial No. 754,014
2 Claims.‘ (01. arc-223)
Thisvinvention relates‘rto car loading devices“ frame, a rod for connecting the frame to the
and ‘it ihasrrparticularl relation-to 1a device for‘
loading automobiles in freight cars for transportaa
tion purposes.
5'4 Particularly,ftherinvention relates to an im
provement in a car loading device such as is dis
closed in the patent of Samuel D. Butterworth,
No. 2,G79,930, granted May 11, 1937. In that pat
cut, a frame is pivotally connected to upper parts
of the car by rods and is adapted to be moved
from a position on the ?oor where it receives
an automobile, into a semi-decking position and,
when the freight car is to be used for other pur—
poses, to be moved into a position adjacent the
roof. When the frame is in its semi-decking po
sition, it is‘ adapted to be supported by front and
rear sets of brace rods pivotally connected to
the frame and adapted to be connected at their
lower ends to lower parts of the freight car. These
rods are permanently connected to the frame
upper part of the freight car, the rear brace rod
for supporting the frame in a semi-decking posi~~
tion, and hook ‘means for‘ holdingithe brace rod
on the ?rst rod when‘ the frame ‘is to be moved ‘
into a position adjacent the roof.
Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional View on a larger
scale, taken substantially along the line 2—2 of
Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional View, taken substan
Fig. 4 is a detailed view of a clip employed for
connecting the hook to the rods.
Referring to Fig. 1, the rear end of the auto
mobile supporting frame is indicated at Ill and 15
this end of the frame is pivotally connected to
upper parts of the car by means of telescopic
rods I2. When the frame is in its semi-decking
position and an automobile is supported thereon,
the rear end of the frame is supported from un
and, when the latter is to be moved into its posi- - derneath by means of brace rods l 6 that are per
tion adjacent the roof, are swung into alignment
with the frame, in which positions the front rods
are supported by hooks on the frame and the
‘rear rods by hooks on one of the rods pivotally
connecting the frame to the upper part of the
car. The present invention is concerned with
the mounting of the books on the last mentioned
rods. ‘It may be mentioned that it is important
34.) that the hooks be constructed of tempered steel
so that after the brace rods are engaged thereby
03 Cr
they will resiliently hold the brace rods against
‘removal and necessarily it is important that these
hooks be efficient and that they constantly possess
the-resiliency desired. While the hooks might
be welded to the tubular rods, it has been found
that this destroys or removes some of the temper
from the steel from which the hooks are manu
factured and, for this reason, a welded connec
‘40 tion is undesirable.
One object of the invention is to provide an
improved means for connecting the hooks to the
rods pivotally connecting the frame to the upper
part of the freight car.
Another object of the invention is to provide
a method of fastening the hooks to the rods in
a permanent manner without requiring any weld
ing of the hooks to the rods.
Other objects of the invention will become ap
parent from the following speci?cation, the draw
ing relating thereto and from the claims here
inafter set forth.
tially along the linel3—3 of Fig. 2.
manently, although pivotally, connected to the
frame and which are adapted to be connected to
the lower part of the freight car. When the
frame is to be moved into a position adjacent, the
roof, the rear rods [6 are moved into engaging
relation with hook members 20 on the telescopic
rods [2. The construction so far described is
generally disclosed in the co-pending applica
tion for patent previously identi?ed, and the 1
present invention‘ is concerned only with the
construction of the hooks 2i) and the method of
fastening them to the telescopic rods l2.
As shown by Fig. 4, a U-shaped clip 2| is pro
vided, which has slits 22 and 23 in its base por- .
tion and which are directed transversely to the
legs of the clip. That portion of the base between
the slits 22 and 23 is pressed outwardly in manu
facturing the clip, as indicated at 24. The clip
is then disposed against the outer surface of the
rod I2, as shown by Figs. 2 and 3, and the legs of
the clip are welded to the rod, as indicated at 26.
The hook proper is provided with a straight por
tion 21 which has an aperture 28 and after the
clip is fastened to the rod in the manner men- .v
tioned, the straight portion of the hook is inserted
in the clip until theaperture 28 is substantially
in alignment with the base portion of the clip be
tween the slits 22 and 23. Then, by using a
suitable tool, the outwardly pressed base portion
of the clip is pressed inwardly through the space
between the slits and into the aperture 28 in the
For a better understanding of the invention, hook, so as to positively lock the hook to the clip.
It will be noted that the depth of the legs on the
reference may be had to the drawing,'wherein:
. clip substantially corresponds to the thickness of 55
the straight portion 21 of the hook and when the
parts have been locked together, as mentioned, a
positive and tight connection is secured.
It will be apparent that this connection avoids
welding the hooks to the rod l2 while obtaining
a permanent, as well as positive, lock between the
parts. It may be mentioned that it is one feature
of the car loading device to have all of the parts
permanently connected to the freight car so that
they cannot be removed readily, as it will be ap
preciated if any part, regardless of how minor it
may seem to be, is removed, considerable delay
is incurred before it can be replaced and the auto
mobiles loaded in the freight car. In the present
case, while the hook would not interfere with
loading of automobiles in the freight car, absence
of the hook would cause the rear rod l6 to depend
downwardly when the frame is against the roof
and this would be undesirable. A permanent and
positive connection avoids this disadvantage.
Although only one form of the invention has
been described and illustrated in detail, it will be
apparent to those skilled in the art that various
modi?cations may be made without departing
from the scope of the appended claims.
I claim:
1. In combination, a support, a U-shaped clip
having its legs welded to the support, and a mem
ber having an apertured portion projecting into
the clip, said clip having spaced slits in its base
portion and the metal between the slits being
pressed into such aperture to lock the parts to
2. In combination, a supporting member and a
member to be supported thereby, a unitary re 10
silient means for releasably engaging and holding
one of said members, said resilient means having
an apertured shank for attachment to the other
of said members, and means for permanently at
taching said resilient means to the other of said
members comprising a clip integrally secured to
said other member and having a portion spaced
from said other member to de?ne a slot for the
reception of the apertured shank of said resilient
means, said clip having a portion thereof per~
manently deformed to extend into said aperture
for locking the resilient means to said other mem
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