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Патент USA US2123423

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July 12, 1938.
Filed Oct. 4, 1955
Will/21m Hanna/M61’:
Patented July 12, 1938
UNITED stars
William Piatts Kellett, Jr., New York, N. Y., as
~ Signor to William Platts Kellett, Bronxville,
Application October 4, 1935, Serial No. 43,477
9 Claims.
The invention relates to articulated cars par
ticularly applicable to the economical transpor
tation of freight or goods in container lots and
more particularly to improvements in brake ap~
5 plying equipment therefor.
The principal objects of the‘invention are to
provide a simple but effective means operable
from one of the car sections for uniformly ‘ap
plying the brakes on both car sections and to
10 provide a brake-connecting means between the
respective sections which will permit wide rela
tive displacement of the car sections with the
minimum effect on the braking equipment.
The principal feature consists in the provision
15 of an articulated ?exible brake equipment oper
able from one of a pair of car sections and hav
ing an operative connection between the respec
tive sections which is guided in special relation
to the longitudinal vertical centre plane of the
20 car sections to e?‘ecti'vely brake the wheels of
both‘sections of the car under varying conditions
of load and position.
In the accompanying drawing Figure 1 is a
diagrammatic elevatio-nal view of an articulated
25 car to which the present invention is applicable.
Figure 2 is a plan view of the coupled ends
of the car sections, one section having the deck
(Cl. 188-34)
coupling such cars with a permanent ?exible
coupling as shown but not claimed herein to thus
provide a full length car having four, compara
tively uniformly distributed wheel supports
throughout its length, distinct advantages may OX.
be achieved.
In the structure herein illustrated a car com
prises two sections A, B, each having a suitable
frame l carrying suitable journal guides in which
the axles of the wheels 3 are mounted equi~ 10
distant‘from each end. The frame 5 as. herein
shown is preferably a unitary casting having a
longitudinal box-like centre 4 with lateral arms
5 extending outwardly therefrom to support any
desired form of superstructure carrying a deck 15
6, which will be provided with suitable guides
and means for supporting the removable goods
containers 1.
One end of each of such car sections A, B, is
provided with any suitable form of draft rigging
and the adjacent ends of said sections are per
manently connected in an articulated manner
by a draft rod 9 which may be suitably spring
It will be understood that a car constructed
in two sections connected together as described
will be adaptable to» carry individual loads and
removed showing the bare frame.
such loads will, because of the arrangement of
Figure 3 is a diagrammatic plan view of the wheel supports, be uniformly supported and the
30 articulated car showing the preferred form of ' articulated car will be free to ?ex vertically and ‘ 30
?exible brake equipment.
horizontally intermediate of its length.
Figure 4 is an enlarged plan detail of the sup
A suitable braking equipment is provided on
port for the ?exible brake coupling‘ arranged ‘each of the sections A, Home of which will be
between the articulated car sections.
directly connected to an operating brake cylin
Figure 5 is an enlarged elevati'onal detail of der and the other is connected through a ?ex
the structure illustrated in Figure ll.
ible connection to operate in unison therewith.
The customary practice in American carbuild
Referring particularly to Figures 3, 4 and 5,
ing is to support a long and very heavy frame the car section B is provided with brake beams
‘between transverse bolsters carried on massive
52’ and is coupled to the operating lever [4,
40 trucks and as the lengths of ‘cars have increased, which is in turn operatively connected with the
these frames have become exceedingly cumber
main lever iii connected to‘ the brake cylinder
some‘ and many extremely expensive forms. of
l6 and brake wheel ll. The lever l5 has con
car frame have been put into practice.
nected therewith a rod !8 which extends toward
The'advent of the removable goods container the inward end of the car section B and this rod
45 for the transportation of freight‘ materially re
has linked to the end thereof a chain or cable
duces the requirements for the “box car” and section H) which passes around a pulley 29
as such ‘containers are‘being produced. in half mounted in an angle bracket 2! secured to the
and quarter car lengths the requirements. for end. of the car section B in a position offset to
the solid, full length car‘ is abated. Cars .of one side of the longitudinal centre.
half length are‘ in common use in Great Britain
The car section A is provided with brake beams 50
and Europe and these dispense with the use of 22 and 2S operatively connected to an operating
the extremely heavy and. expensive trucks.
It is" not considered desirable practice to adopt
the use of the individual short railway “wagon”
55. as above referred to for manyreasons but by
lever M‘ which has connected thereto
extending lengthwise of the car and
coupled at the inward end to the chain
passes; around a pulley 25 mounted on
a rod 25
which is
it which
an angle 55
bracket 21 arranged on the inward end of the
operating with said ?exible member for operating
car section A in a position offset from the centre
the brake mechanisms of the respective cars si
line a distance substantially equal to the offset
of the pulley 20 and bracket 2|, the chain ex~
tending in a horizontally and transverse direc
tion between the two. pulleys.
The pulleys 20 and 26 are journalled on pins
multaneously, said ?exible member having spaced
portions supported on opposite sides of the said
centre plane by the guide pulleys of the respec U!
tive car sections with the intervening portion be
tween the guide pulleys disposed in a plane trans
20’ and 26’ which are secured in a pair of bars ‘i versely of the said centre plane.
2. An articulated container car comprising a
28 which form a compression-member between
10 the pulleys. The pulleys are mounted between pair of car sections mounted on individual wheel 10
the jaw ends 29 of the members 30 hingedrto “supports, draft means permanently and ?exibly
the brackets 2| and 2'! to ‘swing in,a vertical .connecting said sections, brackets mounted on
plane. The jaw ends 29 are formed with longi “the adjacent ends of said car sections and dis
tudinal slots 3| to permit the pins 2!!’ and 26' posed respectively on opposite sides of the longi
tudinal-vertical centre plane of said car sections, 15
15 to slide therein.
It will be readily understood thatthe differ
vjawends hinged toisaid brackets, pulleys mount
ed in said jaw ends to rotate in a substantially
constantly occuring while the *caris inimotion, , horizontal direction, means extending between the
require provision to maintain the pulleys 20 and jaw end members of the respective car sections
20 26 a ?xed distance apart and. this is accomplished across'the said centre plane thereof for spacing 20
by the universal support’ createdbytthe hinged said pulleys apart, brake. mechanisms on each of
portions of the brackets being free to_swingain saidcar sections,,a ?exible connectiombetween
a ~ vertical plane, , while . the- ‘compression member ~said. briakemechanisms carried aroundssaid pul
leyswith theportion between said- pulleys trans
formed, by the bars 28 is free to swingiin a.~hori
versely crossing the said?centretplane of thehcar _.25
25tzontaliplane and the pins, upon which the-pul
sectionsand maintaining a ?exible operatingcon
leys are journalled, slide in the slotsr3l.
~nection between said brake ‘mechanisms .and
>With~such an arrangement .as shown the brak
ing-equipment of the two sections, of the carzare meansmounted on one ofwsaid. car sectionsco
ence in centres between the brackets 2| and 21,
?exibly and universally connected’r so that the
operating with said ?exible connection for ‘oper
30 brakes will ‘operate effectively :and uniformly , ating both brake mechanisms.
irrespective of difference of. lading of- the sections
and curvature of trackpeitherrhorizontallyaor
M3. Imam-articulated container car havingicar
sections each individually mounted upon wheel
vertically. The consequence-'is‘that for one car supports and ?exibly coupled, brake memberson
‘unit comprising two sections A and B there .will each of said car ‘sections,,andEbrake-operating
~35-be required only one-brake vvcylinderviwith one lair means, on one of said' carsections, the com-bina- p35
tion therewith .of operating, connections’ extend
reservoir valve and hand brake assembly.
‘A- carIsuch as described is, extremely lightya-nd ,ing'from ,the-brake-members of said respective
?exible, but will carry the maximunnload-upon car sections longitudinally directly to ‘points
- a uniform support- andwilltherefore be extreme
v:40 >1y e?icient particularly in thetransportof re
nrovable goods containers. Such a car willthere
fore be operable under lall_conditions of ;-'service
'withdifference of~relative elevationlabove the
rails, the pitch of the rail due to gradesiOrit-he
1A5 :position of the car section on. curves-either right
.or left.
“spaced, transversely between} the connectedwends
\ of said car sectionsand'adapted- totbettensioned?to
‘longitudinally: to apply the brakes, a ,singletrans
verse ?exible operative connectiombetweenzsaid
l respective ~ operating r connections extending r di
i rectlyv betweensaid transversely-spacedpointsnin
,a. plane normally, disposed. in substantially right U45
_ angular relation‘ to- the ‘central longitudinalever
~,tical plane, of,.and means extend~
Each of these car sections is ‘preferably pro
ing rigidly between saidzpoints-having 'a,pivotal
vided with a shock-absorbing mechanism indi
vidually mounted on each section and .of the type ?and'transverse ?oating connectionwith at ‘least
~50 ‘ fully described in U. SJPatent' 2,072,1988,>=March19, - one u of- the car sections , to minimize “transverse D50
1937. Su?icei it to say that‘ through rods“33 and thrust on the car sectionseon.theraipplicationbf
suitable-spring bui?ng means the jack members the brakes.
A. ‘An articulated container‘, car comprising in
34 located at opposite ends which ~engagecand
hold'the containers are connectedso that impact combination ,car sections each individually
55 shocks imparted tovthe car equipment will be rmounted on wheel-supports-and ?exibly coupled, ,,55
greatly dissipated before they are transmitted brake members carried by eachisectionyof said"
to the containers and their contents, thus‘ effect . car, v‘brake-operating -means on- one of 7 said "car
a very-materialsaving in the costl-ofi-opera sections, the connectedmends of said car sections
:having spaced guide pulleys mounted thereon
What I'claim as’ my invention is:—,
1‘. An articulated container car comprising a
pair of car sectionseach individuallyiimounted
uponwheel supports, a permanent'f?exible cou
_ pling joining said car’ sections, brake members on
' 1165 each of said car sections, a-?exiblelmember‘ ex
with-the'guide pulley‘ of one-section disposedon f‘60
one side of the longitudinal vertical: centre plane
of said carsections andthe-guide pulley of the
other car‘section: disposed on- the. oppositejside of
thcsaid plane, ‘means slidably -- supporting 'the
connecting the brake‘ mechanisms thereof ,- pulley
guides for said ?exible brake connection mount
ed respectively on the adjacent ends? ofsaidcar
pulleys of the respective car-sections: for uniform -.-_65
displacement in a plane disposed transversely‘ of
said central vertical plane to compensate for-rela
tive transverse- shifting of "said‘?exibly coupled
-car~sections, and means ?exibly connecting the
‘sections, said pulley guides being-'disposedre~
brake'members ofrsaid;respective car sectionsfiO
tending between said cariscctions-and operatively
spectively on opposite .sides' of ‘ theilongitu'dinal
having-a portion‘ guided by said slidably displace
vertical centre plane of the car sectionspmeans
rfor rigidly spacing said, guide means; ina lateral
able guidepulleys in a plane normally-substan
tially right angularly disposed-,to'the said cen
tral vertical plane whereby the braking "thrusts
direction'but capable of ?exible operationnian‘d
r75 :meansmounted on one of said carisecticns co
will be transmittedef?cientiy betweenthecoupled ;Z-5
tive brake mechanisms, means for guiding said
operative connection in part in a plane disposed
transversely of the longitudinal vertical centre
plane of the car between said car sections, said
latter means including guide members pivotally 5
tact with bearing pins of the pulleys, which bear
each displaceable in a plane disposed transversely
ing pins are mounted for sliding displacement on
the car sections.
car sections with the minimum of fore and aft
thrust on the said ?exible coupling.
5. An articulated container car as claimed in
claim 1 in which the means for rigidly spacing the
pulley guides of the respective car sections com
prises bar members having thrust bearing con
6. An articulated car as claimed in claim 4 in
which the means slidably supporting the pulleys
is displaceable in unison with the pulleys of the
respective car sections in said transversely dis
posed plane in a'direction transversely of said
15 central vertical plane and said guided portion of
the ?exible member is normally supported by said
pulleys in a position to substantially horizontally
intersect said central vertical plane.
vl7. In an articulated car having brake mecha
20 nisms on the respective sections and brake oper
ating means carried by one of said sections, a
?exible operative connection between the respec
connected with the respective car sections and
of the said longitudinal vertical centre plane, and
means for maintaining the pivotal axes of said
guide members uniformly spaced.
8. Means as claimed in claim 7 in which said
guide members are displaceable in a plane inter
secting the plane of disposition of the said guided
part of the operative connection.
9. Means as claimed in claim '7 in which said 15
means for maintaining the pivotal axes of said
guide members spaced comprises a rigid spacing
means connecting and positively spacing said axes
apart transversely of the car and forming with
said guide members a ?oating guiding structure 20
?exibly interposed between the car sections.
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