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Патент USA US2123873

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July 19, 1938.
2,123,873 '
Filed Nov. 18, 1937
k 17aLi‘la 17
‘7% I
1: 18a 18
Patented July 19, 1938
Herman Zweig and Henry Zweig, New York, N. Y.
‘ Application November 18, 1937, Serial No. 175,213
6 Claims.
(Cl. 164-71)
This invention relates to dress making and
tailoring apparatus, and more particularly is
directed to a novel construction oi mounting and
adjustable support for material cutting means,
5 such as scissors for trimming or leveling the bot
tom of a garment ?tted on a dress form.
The object of the invention is to generally im
prove apparatus of the character described which
of circular cross-section hinged together, as at
Ilb, and releasably locked closed by any suitable
means, such as spring latch Ilc so that said mem
ber portions I la may be unlatched, swung open,
applied, closed to embrace the stanchion II, and
then locked I in position to provide swiveling
movements for the apparatus I0 on said stan- chion II.
If desired, the lower ends of the two parts of the
split tubular portions Ila may be formed with
10 readily assembled to provide a compact struc- ture attachable to dress formsof conventional ?anges Ild which act as a seat for resting on the
constructions, which shall be easily manipulated top'end of a- cushioning spring I5, said spring
for accurately trimming or leveling the bottom being usually provided on the lower end of the
of garments ?tted on' such dress forms to a de- _. stanchion II above a pedestal or base I6 to serve
as a shock absorbing means should the form‘ I3
1 sired height from the floor, which shall be inex
accidentally drop down along the stanchion II
pensive to manufacture, and which shall be elli
on being released by loosening wing‘ nut clamp
cient and practical to a high degree and use.
Other objects of this invention will in part be I2a for height adjustment of the dress form in the
well understood manner. Where a spring I5 ‘is
obvious and in part hereinafter pointed out.
not provided, the lower ?anged end lid of the
The invention accordingly consists in the fea
tures of construction, combinations of elements‘ member Il may be rested on the top side of
shall comprise of few andsimple parts that are '
and arrangement of parts which will be exempli
?ed in the construction hereinafter described and
of which the scope of the application will be indi
25 cated in the following claims.
In the accompanying drawing, in which is
shown one illustrative embodiment of this inven
Fig. 1 isa perspective view of a conventional
dress form having a garment such as a skirt
?tted thereomand the garment shortening appa~
ratus constructed to embody the invention, ap
plied thereto for shortening the bottom of the
Fig. 2 is an enlarged view of the improved gar
ment shortener as seen along lines 2—-2 in Fig. 1,
showing ‘parts thereof in section to expose the
interior construction.
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary ‘enlarged view as seen
40 along lines 3-3 in Fig. 2, showing the adjustable
means for retaining the scissors in a ?xed posi
tion, and
Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along lines
4-4 in Fig. 2.
Referring in detail to the drawing, I0 denotes
a dress making or tailoring apparatus constructed
to embody the invention. Said apparatus I0 is
shown in Fig. 1 applied to an upright pipe stan
chion II of a dress form I2 on which a garment
50 I3, such as a dress, skirt, or three-quarter or full
length coat is hung.
Said apparatus Ill is preferably made with a
swiveling member I4 removably attachable to said
stanchion II, and as here shown, said member
comprises of a split two-part tubular portion Ila
the pedestal I6 or on a suitable collar (not shown)
on which the swiveling of the apparatus Ill about
the stanchion II takes place.
The axis of member I4 being vertically disposed,
has rigidly secured thereto near the upper end
thereof. a horizontally disposed extensible arm Il
comprising, as seen from Figs. 1, 2 and 4, of a
sleeve portion Ila with a bar Ilb, telescopically
?tted therethrough, slidably supported in said
sleeve for free rectilinear movement. The end of
the bar Ilb which extends beyond the sleeve Ila
carries a holder Ilc. If desired, a brace Ild may
be provided to extend from the outer end of the
sleeve Ila to the lower end of the member I4v
for increasing the rigidity of'the overhang of said
sleeve Ila.
The holder Ilc serves to adjustably support a‘
vertically extending rod I8. The upper end of
the rod I8 maybe provided with a ?tting I9 for
rotatably mounting a suitable cutting means, such
as apair of scissors 20. Between the holder I10
and the rod I8 there may be provided for ad
justably retaining the rod I8 in the holder Ilc
a releasable clamping means, such as a wing-nut 45
set screw of any conventional construction, or '
as shown in Figs. 2' and 3, a spring pressed pawl
or dog Ile which normally engages rack teeth
I8a provided in rod I8 and can be disengaged
from said rack by pressing a ?nger piece Ilf in
the well understood manner, so that the rod I8
may be adiusted for raising or lowering the
height of the scissors 20 with respect to the holder
Ilc of the arm Il. -
In practising the invention with apparatus I0 55
constructed of the assembled parts above de
scribed, the detachable member ‘I4 is applied to
the stanchion ll of any conventional dress form
II, as shown in Fig. 1, so that said apparatus l0
freely swivels about said stanchion II. In at
taching the apparatus l 0 to the stanchion i l , the
latch lie is released and the tubular portions Ila
are swung open on the hinge Ilb to permit the
embracing oi the stanchion ll between said por
10 tions “a. The latter are then swung; closed and
made of the above invention, and as various
changes might be made in the embodiment above
set forth, it is to be understood that all matter
set forth or shown in the accompanying drawing
is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a
limiting sense.
Having thus described our invention, we claim
as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:
1. An apparatus or the character described
comprising a swivel mounting, an extensible arm
the latch locked to retain the member I‘ for
supported by said mounting, a height adjusting
swiveling on the stanchion i I.
holder terminating said arm, and a material cut
The clamping means retaining the rod l8,to
ter pivotally secured to the carrier, said swivel
the holder l'lc may next be released by disengag-' mounting, extensible arm, holder and cutter be
15 ing the dog I 1e from the rack ltajgon pressing ing so~constructed and arranged to permit con
?nger piece I ‘If and the rod [8 is. adjusted to the
desired height for trimming the‘ bottom of the
garment I 3 on the i'orm;-|2.~;This7 adjustment,
on release 0! said ?nger piece l'l'f, retains the
20 scissors 20 at the desired height and against any
accidentalup. and down movement-for trimming
the bottom 01’ the garment l3. Nowmanipulat
ing the scissors 20, which are pivoted on the fit
ting l9, and swivelingzthe apparatus ill on the
‘stanchion ii, the bottom of the garment I3 can
be readily and easily trimmed to the desired
height-or level. Since the telescoping arm I‘! is
constructed so that the bar i‘lb freely slides in
and out of the sleeve llauthe contour of the gar
.39 merit 13 can bereadily followed either by rotating
the _form l2 withthe garment I} about the stan
chion l I and simultaneously telescoping the arm
"for moving and operating; the cutting by the
‘scissors 20 to follow the contour of the garment
35 bottom, or the apparatus ‘Ill swiveled about the
stanchion. II, with the dress form I! kept in a
current swiveling or said mounting with the
shortening and lengthening of the arm on swing
ing and manipulation of the cutter.
2. A garment bottom leveling apparatus com
prising a swivel attachment, extensible means 20
carried -by said attachment, a scissors, pivotal
means for mounting said scissors adiustably
mounted on said extensible means, said appa
ratus being so‘ constructed and arranged to permit
manipulating the scissors to follow during a cut 25
ting operation the contour of the bottom of a
garment ?tted to a form to which the said appa
ratus is adapted to be applied.
3. The combination de?ned in claim 2 in which
the swivel attachment of said apparatus includes 30
a releasable locking means to facilitate the de
tachable mounting of said apparatus in eiiective
position on the stanchion.
4. In combination with a dress form stanchion,
of a member swivelly attached to said stanchion, 35
an extensible arm supported by said member,
relatively stationary position and concurrently
and adjustable means for pivotally mounting a
operating .-the, cutting with the scissors 20 and
sliding the .bar: "b in the sleeve I‘Ia to follow
40 the contour,’ of, the garment bottom. It is thus
seen that inproviding the apparatus ill with a
swiveling support on the stanchion l l and also
pair or scissorscarried by said arm, said exten
sible arm comprising a bar and sleeve forming a
mounting .the scissors 2| on a pivot retained. at
a desired level, yet permitting simultaneously
45 with any swiveling or pivoting movement the in
‘and out sliding movement of the arm II, the
operation of the scissors Zli may be guided with
respect to the garment It on the form- 12 and the
bottom may betrimmed without disturbing the
natural hang of the material making up the gar
- ment II.
. The application of. this invention as above de-,
scribed is particularly :well suited for garments
or sheer or loosely woven material, or garment
materials having bottoms cut on a bias.and is
' adapted for use in manufacturing establishments
in quantity production of garments, as well as
for trimming bottomsof individual garments, as
in custom tailoring and dressmaking.
It will thus be seen that there is provided ap
paratus in which the several objects of this in
vention are achieved and which are well adapt
ed to meet the conditions of practical use.
As various possible embodiments might be
free-moving telescoping structure, said adjust 40
able- means and extensible am being so con
structed and arranged to permit the simultane
ous sliding movements between the bar and the
sleeve and the swinging of the scissors on manip
ulation of the latter for cutting operations.
5. In combination with a dress form stanchion,
of a member swivelly attached to said stanchion,
an extensible arm supported by said member,
and adjustable means for pivotally mounting a
pair of scissors carried by said ‘arm said member
including means for detachably securing the mem 50
ber to said stanchion. said extensible arm and
adjustable means being so constructed and ar
ranged to permit concurrent swinging of said
member on said stanchion, sliding movement be
tween the bar and the sleeve, and swinging oi’ the
scissors on manipulation of the latter for cut
ting operations.
6. Thecombination de?ned in claim 4 in which
said member includes means for detachably se 60
curing the member to the stanchion.
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