Патент USA US2123935код для вставки
2,123,935 H. L. DOLE SEPARABLE FASTENER Filed March 22, . 1937 y 'INVENTOR . HARRY l__. 001.: ATTORNEY 2,123,935 Patented ‘July 19; 1938. _ I VHUNI'TED .Q'SKTA'l‘EIS PATENT ‘ or FlCE' ‘2,123,935 snmr'mnm FASTENER Barry L. Dole, Milford, Conn. Application March 22, 1921, Serial No. 132,251 .. 9 Claims. (01. 24-230) with a groove I5 the purpose of which will later This invention relates to new and useful im provements in separable fasteners and has par- ‘ appear. ' ' f . ‘ v The member. || comprises an outer casing I6 within which is located a cone I‘! having its . for securing automobile license plates to their 5 carrying brackets although the fastener may be .inner edge engaging the-casing at l8 and at its ticular relation to a fastener adapted to beused used in other connections. ‘ outer‘end having an annular ?ange l9 over which ~ An object of the invention 'is. to provide- a the outer end of the casing is crimped as at 20._ separable fastener adapted to be operated by a' .With this arrangement the cone is secured in' place ill'the .casing so as'to be immovable relative thereto; Also within the casing is a ball clutch 10 means including a tubular element 2| about the desired to separate its elements. ' Another object is to provide a fastener of the upper end of which there is secured an eyelet or key through the. medium of which the fastener 10 may be forced to any necessary extent when it is type indicated and which is weather-proof where by its inner parts are protected. 15 collar 22. _A further object is to provide a fastener having the characteristics indicated'and which is of simple construction and neatand attractive ap-. pearance. ’ ' " Other objects and advantages willbecome ap 20 parent from a consideration of the following de tailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing wherein a satisfactory embodiment of the invention is shown. However, it is to be understood that the invention is not 25.limited to the details disclosed but includes all such variations and modi?cations as fall'within the spirit ‘of the invention and the scope of the appended claims. 30 , . ' > , ., ~ '- ’ > The eyelet 22 is held between the overturned or ' 15 crimped outer end 2;’ of the element 2I-and a bead 2| formed on said'element inwardly of the outer or open end thereof. Registering openings 25 are formed in the eyelet and the' outer end portion of the element 2| for the reception of balls 26. . 4 ‘ In the assembled device I | the eyelet 22 together 20 with the outer end portion of the element 2| and the balls 26 are held within the cone I‘! by means of a coil spring 21 surrounding the ele ment and bearing at one end against the lower end of the‘ eyelet and at-its other end against the inner surface of the casing as. at 28, a . shoulder 29 being formed in the casing for that - -In the drawing:— Fig. 1 is an elevational' view showing my im purpose. ' - - . ' Attention is directed to the fact that the ele 30 ment 2| as'well as the casing I6 is closed at its proved fastener;_ . . i v _ Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view through ‘inner end whereby a. portion of such member~ the fastener and showing the same securing a extends across the inner end of the casing and across the inner end of they opening l4 when the portion of a license plate to a bracket as in Fig. 1; Fig. 3' is an 1 enlarged detail sectional view stem I3 is in the casing as will presently. more 35 fully appear. The closed end of'the'casing serves throughthe clutch portion of the fastener; _ Fig. 4 is a view in side elevation, with a part to exclude moisture from the parts within the broken away, showing a tubular member em The balls 26 are free for certain limited'move ' ments in the‘ openings 25 and when the stem l3 Fig. .5 is a somewhat similar view showing an is inserted into the casing it is received in the eyelet member employed; Fig. 6 is .a view looking into the open side of a‘ ~element 2| and engages the balls and forces them against the inner surface of the cone II. In this cap employed; ~ , Fig. '7 is an elevational view showing the head way the balls are wedged between the cone and the ‘stem l3 with the result that the members III 4;, or-button portion of a. bolt employed;' . Fig. 8 is a sectional view showing a closure cap and I l are secured together. When the parts .are casing. ployed; ' - . ' . ’ provided with a glass or re?ectingtop; and . Fig. 915 an elevational view showing a key thus secured together any attempt to pull the stem‘ out of the member‘ | | ‘tends to further move the balls, eyelet' and element upwardly in the cone and to cause additional wedging of the stem 50' Referring in detail to the drawing the im the balls so that the members l0 and II may proved- fastener includes separable members I0 by not be separated by a simple movement tending and | l of which the-former comprises a head or ‘ employed. ' ' ' 4 'button l2‘ and a hollow stem I3. The opening tovpull them apart. To separate the l6 through the stem l3 extends out through the ' button |2 andv the latter in its edge is provided ' members the clutch means above referred to must be moved'lnwardly toward 55' 2 , . 2,193,985 " the larger diameter portion‘of the cone I1. This is accomplished by inserting a key 30 through the opening I‘ in the head and stem of member ID to have the key engage the closed end of the element 2! and then on the key being pushed or struck, the element, together with the eyelet and the balls, is carried inwardly into such positions the outer end thereof for the insertion of a key therethrough into the casing to move and there by release said mea . ‘ _ ' 4. In combination a member including a button and a stem, a member including a cas ing open at one end to receive said stem, means - within said casing to engage said stem and se-_ that the balls may move toward the cone and cure said members together, said stem having an away from the stem whereupon the latter is‘ opening therethrough from the outer end there of for the insertion of a key therethrough into member ll. the casing to vmove and thereby release said Fig. 2 in section and Fig. l in elevation show means from the stem, and a pair of compressible the improved fastener securing a portion 3| of a sealing gaskets between said button and the open 10 released and may easily be withdrawn from the license plate or the like to a portion 32 of a It is noted that -a pair of compressible gaskets 33 and 34 are about the ' stem. i3, onesuch gasket being immediately be 15 bracket or the like. end of the casing member. . ' 5. In combination, a member including a 15 button and a stem,'a member including a casing closed at one end 'and open at its'other end to neath the head or button I! while the other is receive said stem, means within said casing to against the open end of the casing i6. These ‘engage said stem and secure the members to-' 20 gaskets prevent rattle and also serve to seal the gether, said means including a part at the inner ' open end of the casing about the stem l3. ' end of the stem, said stem having a longitudi To give the fastener a ?nished appearance and nally extending opening therethrough from the to prevent moisture entering the same through button end thereof for the insertion of a key into the opening H in the stem l3 a cap 35 is provided. said casing to shiftsaid part and thereby release 25 This cap is formed of a springy sheet metal, as said means from the stem, and a removable cap 25 brass, and adjacent its open end is provided with on said button and normally closing the outer end the desired number of lugs 33, three such lugs of the longitudinally extending opening through being shown. As the cap is pressed into place over the button I 2' the lugs 33 snap into the groove '30 l5 whereby the cap is,securely held- in place on the button. The cap is readily removable to ex pose the opening ll for the insertion of the key 30 so as to release the clutch means from the stem i3 as above explained. The ring portion 31 of the key may be used to remove the cap from the button l2. the stem. - ' 6. In combination, a member including a button and a stem, a member including a casing closed at one end and open-at its other end to receive said stem, means within said. casing to engage said stem and secure said members to-~ gether, said stem having an opening therein for the insertion ‘of a key therethrough into \said 35 ' ‘ casing to move and thereby release said means Instead of the cap 36 a cap 38 as shown in Fig. l from the stem, and a removable cap on said but 40 45 55 65 8 may be used.- Cap 33 includes a sheet metal . ton and normally closing the outer end of said annulus 33 to be pressed onto the button or head opening. I! as in the case of the cap 35, and one end of . '7. In combination, a member including a but-' 40 the annulusis closed by a glass re?ector 40 held ton and a'stem, a member including a casing in place by a disc or metal insert 4|, the inner open at one end to receive said stem, means with edge portion of the re?ector being of a diameter in said casing to engage said stem and secure too great to pass through the opening at the said members together, said _means comprising a outer end of the ‘annulus. spring pressed ball clutch including a part at the 45 Having thus set forth the nature of my inven inner end of said stem when the latter iswithin tion, what I claim is:— the casing, and said stem having a longitudinally 1. In combination, a member including a but extending opening therethrough for the inser-v ton and a stem, a member including a casing‘ tion of a key into said casing to engage and move open at one end to receive said stem, means with said part and thereby release said means from 50 in said casing to engage said stem and secure the the stem. . ' ' members together, and said stem having an open , 8. In a separable fastener, a casing member, ing therein for the insertion of a' key' there a member including a stem insertable into said through into said casing to move and thereby casing member, means within the latter to en release said means. i . . gage said stem and secure the members together, 55 2. In combination, a member including a and a key insertable into said casing member to button and a stem, 9. member including a casing force said means to released positionwhereby to open at one end to receive said stem, means permit of separation of the members. within said casing to engage said stem and se 9. In combination, a member including a cure said members together, said means includ button and a stem, 2. member including a casing 60 ing a part at the inner end of the stem, and said open at one end to receive said stem, a ball clutch stem having a longitudinally extending opening , within the casing, a spring normally urging said therethrough from the outer end thereof for the clutch toward the open end of the casing, said insertion of a key therethrough into the casing clutch adapted to release on being moved inward to shift said part and thereby release said means ly with respect to the open- end of the casing, said 65 from the stem. . clutch adapted to engage said stem when inserted 3. In combination, a member including a into the casing and- secure said members to ‘ button and .a stem, a member including a casing open at one end for the insertion of said stem, 70 means including a spring pressed ball clutch within said casing tonengage said stem when so inserted and secure ‘said members together, and said‘ stem having an opening therethrough from Y gether, and said stem hollow for the insertion of a key therethrough into the casing to engage said clutch and force it inwardly with respect 70 _to the open end of the casing whereby to release . the stem. . HARRY L. DOLE.