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Патент USA US2124064

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July 19, 193s.
w. HARRIS, .m
Original Filed Ma'roh 17, 1936
Patented July 19, 1938
William Harris, Jr., Paterson, N. J.
Application March 17, 1936, Serial No. 69,258
Renewed May 21, 1938
1 Claim. (Cl. 20G-53)
Ribbon is usually prepared for sale and con
sumption by forming it into a helically wound
' mass, usually upon a core the latter if present
being either with or without a ñange or flanges
which flank the ribbon mass. (Whereas the in
vention has been devised with respect particu
larly to textile ribbons, by the term “ribbon” as
herein used I mean to include any strip of sheet
material, whether textile or not.) Upon form
10 ing the wound body it is usually necessary to se
cure the free end of the ribbon in some way so
that the windings may be retained during subse
quent handling substantially in the same de
gree of compactness in which they were initially
15 developed; and, where the ribbon is dispensed
by cutting or otherwise detaching therefrom suc
cessive lengths which may vary in extent, as is
usually the case, whatever securing expedient is
used must take into account that usually the
20 actual point of securing will not remain during
the life of the pack always in the same radial
plane. The conventional securing means, at once
inexpensive and adapted to be applied in any
radial plane of the Wound body thus to hold the
25 ribbon clear to its free end and in compact wound
form, is a common toilet pin which is pushed
through the free end of the ribbon into the wound
mass. But this forms perforations in the ribbon
and so spoils each convolution penetrated, and
30 the damage thus done may be more or less ac
cording to the number of times the pin is removed
and re-entered at diñerent points.
According to this invention, whereby the pin
ning is avoided without increase in the cost of
35 production, given a body including a helically
wound mass of ribbon, there is combined there
with an endless elastic band which constrictively
embraces said body in crossing relation to the
ribbon windings and exists throughout its own
40 extent exterior of said mass, said band bearing
against the periphery of the mass and said body
having means to oppose dislodgment of the band
therefrom in a direction transverse of the axis
of the windings. If, as is usually the case, said
45 body includes a core for the windings said core
will usually be provided with said means, and if
the core has a flange or flanges flanking the mass
said means may take the form of notches in such
flange or ñanges in which the band is received.
50 With such core present and said means provided
on the core the mass may be rotative relatively
to the core in which case the ribbon may be with
drawn without detaching the band from the core
and the band may be made to hold the ribbon
55 clear to its free end.
In the drawing,
Fig. 1 is a side elevation of one form of the
improved ribbon pack;
Fig. 2 is a diametric section thereof in the plane
of the notches; and
Fig. 3 is a section on line 3_3, Fig. 2.
The said body here includes the helical wind
ings of ribbon I and an interwound strip 2, as
of paper, formed on a cylindrical shell 3 of stiff
sheet material, as cardboard, which forms with 10
the windings what I term the wound mass, and
a core on which such mass is free to rotate, the
same comprising a wooden barrel 4 which freely
penetrates the bore of such mass (specifically, of
the shell) and two heads 5 nailed at 6 to the ends
of the barrel and affording ñanges which ilank
said mass, the barrel being of greater axial ex
tent than said mass so that thereby, and because
the bore of said mass is loose on the barrel, said
mass may freely rotate on the core.
'l is the endless elastic band, here a plain rub
ber band, the same constrictively embracing said
body in crossing relation to the ribbon windings
and existing throughout its own extent exterior
of said mass and bearing against the periphery
of said mass, as at 8.
The said means to oppose dislodgment of the
band from said body in a direction transverse of
the axis of the windings is here formed by periph
eral notches 9 and Il] in the flanges of the core, 03 0
the notches 9 being coincident with that radius of
the body in which the band bears against the
periphery of the wound mass.
The construction is such that the band holds
the wound mass in wound state and is itself held 35
against dislodgment from said body.
To» with
draw any desired length of the ribbon the band
may be removed, or, according to the example
shown and described in which said body includes,
with the wound mass, a core on which said mass is
revoluble, the ribbon may be withdrawn with one
hand, thus rotating the mass, while the core is
held against rotation by the other hand. In such
case it is always possible, upon cutting off a piece
of the ribbon, to have it held clear to the end of
the remaining windings. The drawing shows
that in the operation of withdrawing the ribbon
the core may be held against rotation by the
thumb and middle ñnger of one hand while the
forefinger of such hand is used to hold the band 50
out of the notches 9.
Having thus fully described my invention what
I claim is:
The combination, with a helically wound mass
of ribbon having an axial bore and a core to be 55
held in the operator’s hand against rotation and
including a barrel extending through the bore
and on which said mass is free to rotate and
posed notches exposing laterally the windings of
said mass for an extent greater than one-half
of its radial thickness and in a radius remote
flanges ñanking said mass .at both sides thereof, „ from that of said notches other peripheral sub
of an elastic band constrictively embracing the
stantially opposed notches extending short of the
body formed by said mass and core in crossing
periphery of the mass, and said band being re
relation to the ribbon windings and existing
ceived in the several notches.
throughout its own extent exterior of said mass,
said ñanges having peripheral substantially op
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